You are on page 1of 11

ntnews.com ntadilabad.

com  17,  2018-  7


CHEMICAL BONDING
Continue from Oct 16th The concept of hybridisation
was introduced by ?

Krupakar Pendli
Centre Head
Urbane junior colleges
7893774888

INTERMEDIATE
s p e c i a l
J U N I O R
10  17,  2018-  ntnews.com ntadilabad.com

    ?


  8.   ?
1) �� � -  � - 
 - � �
1) 
3) , 
2) , , , 
4) , , 
17.      .
1.  . 2) �� � �- � �- .  � 5   ��
. - �  ,  - � � � .  �- �  �
. - �  (   ) 3) ���� � -  -  .  � �- 120 �
. - � � -  � .  � - ��
. -  � �� �� 4)  � -  -   - . -  � ��
. �- ��� �, � � .   �   - 
1) , ,  , ,  � 5) ��� �� - � -  - 1) , ,  2) 
,  3) , , ,  4) 
2) , ,  3) ,  4) �
9.    . 18.    . 
2.  .  
. �  1. �   1)  � � � � - 1)  ��� �
. �� 2.  �  2) ��  ��  �  
. � 3.  2) Co-Optex - �� ��  -  � 3) ��- � 
, , ����  4) ��- � � 88666 12349
.   4. � �
.  � 5. �  3) � � �   - 5) ��� - 
1) -1, -2, -3, -4, -5 � 19.     ?
4)   -  1)  2)   3) � 4) 
2) -5, -4, -3, -2, -1 28.     ?
3) -3, -4, -5, -1, -2 5)  - � 3) �  4) �
10.  . 1) �, � 2)  �
4) -1, -5, -2, -4, -3 3) ��� 4) 
3.  . . �- �  20.   
 
   
. - � �  29.   .
. �� 1. �  ? 1) ��   �-
.   2. �  .  ��-   � 1) ��� 2) �
.   ��- ��  � ��
. �� 3.  � 3)   4)  2)  � ��- 
. � 4. �� . �  �- Ca, P 21.    ?
. -  3) Wonder drug-  �� �
. �,  5.   . �  ��- � � 4)  
1) -1, -2, -3, -4, -5 1) ,  2) , ,  . �- O �
3) , ,  4)  30.    .
2) -3, -4, -1, -5, -2 .  �- AB � 1) -  
3) -5, -4, -3, -2, -1 11.    . .  � �- AB
1)  - � - � 2) �� - �� � (1952)
4) -3, -1, -2, -5, -4 .  � - O � 3) � � �-  
4.   ?  -�, � 1) , ,  2) , 
2)  - � - ,  4) - �� �
. �- �,  3) , , ,  4) ,  : �� �- �� �, �� 
. ��  -   3)  - � - ��, , � 22.   .
,  -  �
. ��  -   1)  � -  � - �� 31. ,   ?
.  - �� 4) - ��    -  
12.    . 1) BCG- 
.  � ()- �  2) � �  � 2) DPT- �, , �
. �,   -   . - �� �- 1.6-1.8 
. �- � 3) MMR- ,  
1) , ,   3)  � �- �  4) OPV- 
. - �
2) , , , ,  �
3) ,  � . �- �   4)  � �-   �
23.   ?
32.     ?
4)  � . ��- �
. - ��
 1)  �- � 
1) , �- ���
2) ��, �- , ���
2) � �- �   � 3) ,  �-  �
1) ,  3) �- �   �
5.   ? 2) , ,  4) �- , �
4) -  ��,  33.   .
. ��� � 3) , ,  4) , ,  
 - � 13.     ? 1.  . 
24.   . 2. �,  . �
. ���   1) �, � 2) ��, � .  - /� 
�� - �� 3) SARS, � 4) � 3. � . 
.  - /�� 4. � . �
. ��� ‘��’� � 14.   ? .  - ���
�- � . �  �    - 5.  . � �
( ) 1) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-
. �� ��-  � (��- 1967) .   -  ( )
  . �� �� �   2) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-
.  � � - 26 3) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-
1) , ,  2) ,  3) ,  4)  �- �. �� (1984) . �� � - 33
6.  ,    .  � ��- 4) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-
1) , ,  2) , , ,  34.   .
.  � (�) 3) ,  4) , , 
.  1. � .    � -  . �� �� � �
25.   . .  �- 
. � 2.  1) , ,  2) ,  1) � �  - 206
.  3. � 3) ,  4) , , ,  .  �- ���
2)  �  - 300 .  - �
.  4. � 15.  ? 3)  - �
. , �, � 5. �  1)  - � -  1) ,  2) , , 
4)  3) ,  4)  
. �, � 6.   2) � � � -80/120 mm/hg
1) -3, -2, -1, -6, -5, -4 3) - -�� -Cu � 26.   . 35.   ?
2) -2, -6, -1, -3, -5, -4 4)  � �- � 14 1. �  . ,  1) �� 2) ��
3) -2, -6, -1, -3, -4, -5 16.   . 2.   . � 3)  4) �
4) -2, -6, -3, -1, -4, -5 .     � 3.   . 
7.    . � - ��� 4. �  .  
.  - �  .  �   - 3-6 � 1) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- 1-4, 2-2, 3-4, 4-4, 5-4, 6-3,
.  - � . �  - �� 2) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- 7-1, 8-5, 9-3, 10-2, 11-4, 12-1,
.  - ��/ . �  �-  3) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- 13-4, 14-4, 15-2, 16-1, 17-2, 18-5,
.  -   . �  -  4) 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- 19-3, 20-2, 21-1, 22-4, 23-3, 24-2,
1) , , ,  2) ,  . �  �- � 27.      ? 25-4, 26-3, 27-4, 28-4, 29-4, 30-2,
3) ,  4) , ,  . �   �- �� �, � 1) � 2) � 31-4, 32-4, 33-3, 34-4, 35-2.
12 ãT<Ûäyês¡+ 17.10.2018
ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é

A can solve 80% of the problems given in an exam


12) The probability of getting a king Prepared by
and a queen when two cards are
drawn from a pack of 52 cards is Mr. K. Kumar
Senior Faculty
8 19
a) b) Hyderabad
663 66 ph:9492956214
4 37
c) 63 d)
663
e)
66 0.45 = 0.15 + P(B)-P (0.15 × P
Explanation : Probability (a king and a 0.45 = 0.15 + 0.85 P (B )
4C1× 4C1 4 × 4 8
Queen) = = 52×51 = 0.85 P (B ) = 0.30
52C 2 2 663
Ans : (a) Competitive P (B ) =
0.30 30 6
= =
13) If 3 cards are drawn simultaneous- Exams Special 0.85 85 17
Ans: (c )
ly form a pack of well shuffled
cards, find the probability of then
Arithmetic 21) A family has 2 children. What is the
being all Queen. probability that both the children
16 7 2 21 80 30 70 20
+ − = + P (B )P (• ) =
× + × are girls given that at least one of
26 143 4 49 49 49 49 100 100 100 100 them is a girl?
a) b) c) 4 3 7 6 7 19
221 11050 13 21 = × + = + =
P(A ∪ B) = 5 10 50 25 50 50 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 49 a) b) c) d) e)
d) e) Ans (a ) 4 6 3 8 52
2 5525 Ans: (a) Explanation: Let b stand for boy and g
Explanation : P (getting Queen) 16) One bag contains 4 white 2 black 18) In an arrangement of ‘SHIP’. Find for girl. The sample space of the
4C 3 4 1 balls. Another contains 3 white and the probability that ‘S’ letter occu- experiment is S = {(b,b)(g,b)(b, g)
= = = 5 blacks balls. One ball is drawn pies the first place?
52C 3 22100 5525 (g, g)} A ∩ B = {g, g}
from each bag. Find the probability
Ans: (e) 2 1 2 3 1
that both are white? a) b) c) d) P(B) = 34 and P(A ∩B) =
3 4 4 4 4
Type – 3 MISC 1 2 1 3 Explanation : ' S ' occupies the first
a) b) c) d) 1
1
2 3 4 5 place required probability P(A/B) = = 4
14) A card is drawn from a pack of 100 3
4 3
cards numbered 1 to 100. Find the Explanation: n ( A)
P ( A) = ∴ conditional probability.
probability of drawing a number Probability of drawing white ball from n (S )
which is square? Ans: (c )
No of white ball 4 2 n( S ) = no of samples = 4
2 3 7 1 first bag = = =
a) b) c) d) total ball 6 3 n( A) = no of letters excluding ' S ' 15. PERMUTATIONS AND COMBI-
5 15 10 10 Probability of drawing white ball from = 4 − 1 = 3letters NATIONS
Explanation : Here n(S) = 100 (As No of white ball 3 3! 1 Permutations : If r objects are to be
second bag = = n( A) = 3! P( A) = =
mentioned in the problem). Favorable total ball 8 4! 4
chosen from n, where n ≥ r and these
cases to get the square cards = {1, 4, 9, Since, these are independent . The Ans: (b)
r objects are to be arranged and the
16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100} n(E) = 10 probability of both the balls is white 19) A bag contains 5 red, 8 blue balls order in which these objects are arra
n(E) 10 1 2 3 2 1 and also contains 4 green 7 black
Probability = = = = × = = − nged is important , such an arrange
3 8 8 4 balls. If a ball is drawn, find the
n(S) 100 10 probability to that is not green? − ment is called a permu tation of n
Ans: (c )
Ans: (d) 1 3 5 2 objects taken r a time. Permutation is
15) A box contains 49 tickets numbered 17) A can solve 80% of the problems a) b) c) d) denoted by ′′n, or p (n, r ).
4 5 6 4
1 to 49. One ticket drawn at ran- given in an exam and B can solve
Explanations: m!
domly, find the probability that 70%. What is the probability that n
Cr = r≤n
n(S) = 5 + 8 + 7 + 4= 24 r !(n − r )!
number on the ticket is either divis- at least one of them will solve a
ible by 3 or is a perfect square? problem selected at random from n(A) = green balls = 4 Combinatations : If r objects are to be
the exam? chosen from n ≥ r and the order of
21 12 2 37 n(A) 4 1
a) b) c) d) 19 28 19 28 P(A) = = =
49 49 49 49 a) b) c) d) n(S) 24 6 choosing the r objects is not important,
50 50 79 79 then such a choice is called a combina
Explanation : Sample space = n(S) = 49 1 5
n(A) = favorable cases divisible by 3 Explanation: A can solve 80% of problems Required ration P( •)=1- = tion of n objects taken r a time.
80 6 6
= {3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, n(A) = 80 P(A) = Combinatation is den oted by
33, 36, 39, 42, 45, and 48} 100 Ans: (c )
n
n(A) = 16 n(B) = favorable cases, 80 20 ′′C, or C  
P(•)=1- (P ( A )) = 1 − = 20) If events A and B are independent r
perfect square = {1, 4, 9, ,16, 25, 36, 49} 100 100
B can Solve 70% of problems n (B ) = 70 and P(A) = 0.15 P(A ∪ B) = 0.45 m!
n(B) 7
n
Cr = r≤n
n(B) = 7 P(B) = = 70 then P(B) = ? r (n − r )!
n(S) 49 P (B ) =
100 1 3 6 Factorial Notation: Let n be a positive
n(A ∩ B) = {9, 36} = 2 a) b) c) d) none
P (B ) = 1 −
70
=
30 4 15 17 nteger. Then, factorial n, denoted by
n(A ∩ B 2 100 100 Explanations : n! is defined as:
P(A ∩ B) = = Re quired probability = P (A )P (B ) n! = n (n – 1) (n – 2) …….. 3.2.1
n( s ) 49 P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B)-P ( A ∩ B )
80 30 70 20
P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B)-P(A ∩ B) + P (B )P (• ) = × + × 0.45 = 0.15 + P(A)-P ( A ∩ B ) to be continued
100 100 100 100
0.45 0.15 P(B)-P (0.15 P B )
ãT<Ûäyês¡+ 17.10.2018 13
ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é

kÕ˝≤sY»+>¥ ªã&Ó®{Ÿ e´edüúµqT m|ü&ÉT Á|üy˚X¯ ô|{≤ºs¡T?


_) KT<ësYeTVü≤˝Ÿ, ø√Væ≤‘·÷sY, <ë<éeTVü≤˝Ÿ bÕ´˝…dt |üè~∏∏«≈£îe÷sY #ÍVü‰Hé
\qT N|òt Ç+õ˙sY>± dü÷|üsYyÓ’CŸ #˚j·T&ÜìøÏ |üè~∏∏«dt ◊@mdt düº&ûdü]ÿ˝Ÿ &Ó’¬sø£ºsY
ø£e÷\TB›Hé wæsêJì ìj·T$T+#ês¡T ~˝ŸdüTUŸq>∑sY,ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é
dæ) ≈£î‘·TuŸcÕVæ≤ kÕÁe÷»´+ |ü‘·q+ nj˚T´eTT+<äT bò˛Hé: 9177602890
eT÷&ÉT düuŸns¡“Hé ÁbÕ+‘ê\T n_Ûeè~Δ #Ó+<ësTT.
n$ U…’s¡‘êu≤<é, HÍã‘Y|üVü‰&é, *+>∑+|ü*¢ >±¬s¶Hé‡ 1) {À*eTd”<äT - eTTw”sêu≤<é eTd”<äT -
1) m 2) m, _ 3) dæ 4) _, dæ eTø±ÿeTd”<äT - C≤eT eTd”<äT - <ës¡TwtdæbòÕ
8. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü¬s’q~ @~? 2) <ës¡TwtdæbòÕ - C≤eT eTd”<äT - eTø±ÿ eTd”<äT -
m) ªeT÷dæq~µ ndü\T ù|s¡T ªeTT#Yø£+<ä j·÷Á‘·µ q~ eTTw”sêu≤<é eTd”<äT - {À* eTd”<äT
_) ªeT÷dæq~µô|’ Á_&ç® ø£≥ºø£eTT+<äT eT÷dæq~ ù|s¡T 3) eTTw”sêu≤<é eTd”<äT - eTø±ÿ eTd”<äT - C≤e÷
ª>∑TC≤sY-|òüTyê-Ç-eTµ eTd”<äT - {À* eTd”<äT- <ës¡TwtdæbòÕ
dæ) ª~ u≤¢ø˘ wæ|t Áf…ÆuŸ Á|òüyéT ˝Òø˘ yêHé ≥÷ >√˝§ÿ+&ɵ 4) eTø±ÿ eTd”<äT - eTTwæsêu≤<é eTd”<äT - {À*
s¡#·sTT‘· õj·÷ñB›Hé nVü≤à<é cÕ¬øuŸ eTd”<äT - <ës¡Twt dæbòÕ - C≤eT eTd”<äT
&ç) ªôV’≤<äsêu≤<é dæ{°µ Á|üD≤[ø£ nπs_j·÷˝Àì |ü$Á‘· 14. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~?
ªKu≤ãµ Ä<Ûës¡+>± ì]à+#ês¡T 1) ªU…’s¡‘êu≤<éµ - ÇÁãV”≤+ ≈£î‘·TuŸcÕ ≈£L‘·Ts¡T
1) m, _,dæ, &ç 2) m, _, dæ 2) ªuÒ>∑+ ãC≤sYµ - ìC≤yéT n©U≤Hé ‘·*¢
1. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~? 3) _, dæ, &ç 4) m, dæ, &ç 3) ªñeT® ãC≤sYµ - ìC≤yéT n©U≤Hé ‘·*¢
1) ªÄ+Á<Ûä ˇø£ düVü‰sê, Bì˝À ˇj·÷dædt\T ñ+&Ée⁄µ 9. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~? 4) ªVü≤düà‘Y >∑+CŸµ - ◊<äe ìC≤yéT
nì _.ÄsY.n+uÒ<äÿsY nHêïs¡T
2) ªÄ+Á<Ûä ø£+fÒ ‘Ó\+>±D ¬syÓq÷´ Øwæ|òtº #ê˝≤
môd’‡, ø±ìùdºãT˝Ÿ Á|ü‘˚´ø£+ m) |ü_¢ø˘ >±¬s¶H釽Àì ªsêj·T˝Ÿ eTd”<äTµ ø£f…º{Ï XË’* 15. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~?
1) ªø√≥¢ n© C≤µ - ìC≤+ n©U≤Hé ¬s+&Ée ≈£îe÷s¡T&ÉT
m≈£îÿeµ
3) ª22 ø√≥¢ ¬syÓq÷´ edü÷\T˝À |ü]bÕ\Hê
‘Ó\+>±D #·]Á‘· ª{Øÿdt-ø£yéT- Çsêìj·THé-ø£yéT- kÕŒìwt eTTdæ¢+µ
_) ªÁ{≤yÓ˝‡Ÿ Ä|òt Ç+&çj÷· µ s¡#s· TT‘· C…._.{≤yÓ]ïj·TsY 2) ªndü|òt q>∑sYµ - yÓTT<ä{Ï ìC≤+
3) ªVæ≤e÷j·T‘Y q>∑sYµ-@&Ée ìC≤+ yÓTT<ä{Ï
dæ) >√˝§+ÿ+&É ø±\+˝À Á|üeTTKyÓTÆq ªcÂø±s¡T¢µ
e´j·÷ìøÏ 20 ø√≥¢e⁄‘·T+~µ nì ˙\+ dü+Je¬s&ç¶ Äq+~sêjYT, eT+õHêj·Tø˘, Vü≤sY˝≤˝Ÿ ø£+õ ≈£îe÷s¡T&ÉT
nHêïs¡T kÕú|æ+#ês¡T 4) ªdüs¡÷sYq>∑sYµ ns¡düTÔC≤ ãVü≤<ä÷sY ≈£L‘·Ts¡T
4) ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é ùdº{Ÿ˝À ªneTàø£|ü⁄ |üqTïµqT 1945˝À 1) m,_ 2) _ 3) dæ 4) m
4) ªneTàø£|ü⁄ |üqTï\ edü÷fi¯ófl Ä+Á<Ûë ÁbÕ+‘êìøÏ 10. ≈£î‘·TuŸcÕVæ≤\ ìsêàD+ ø±ì~? 16. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]jÓÆTq~?
#ê˝≤ #ê˝≤ ‘·≈£îÿeµ nì uÛÑø£Ôe‘·‡\+ nHêïs¡T Á|üy˚X¯ô|{≤ºs¡T 1) ªuÒ>∑+ ù|≥µ- Äs¡e ìC≤+ ≈£L‘·Ts¡T
5. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~? 1) #êsY$THêsY, |ü⁄sêHê|üP˝ŸÁ_&é®, ≈£î‘·TuŸcÕVæ≤
2. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~? düe÷<äT\T 2) ªyÓTT|òüT˝Ÿ|ü⁄s¡µ - ¬s+&Ée yÓTT|òüT˝Ÿ >∑es¡ïsY
1) ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é Ä]úø£ #·]Á‘·˝À 1922-23 qT+∫ 1) ìC≤+ ø±˝ÒJ˝À ‘=*kÕ]>± _.m (Vü‰qsY‡), ø√ 3) ªe÷kÕuŸ {≤´+ø˘µ- Äs¡e ìC≤+ uÛ≤s¡´
m&ÉT´πøwüHé $<ä´qT Á|üy˚X¯ô|{≤ºs¡T 2) |ü⁄sêqVü≤y˚*, #êeTVü≤\¢ bÕ´˝…dt
1942-43 ø±\+ ˇø£ Çb˛ø˘ ˝≤+{Ï~ 3) #êsYø£e÷Hé, u≤<écÕVæ≤ ndü÷sYU≤Hê, <ës¡T˝ŸwæbÕ 4) ªMTsY Ä\+ eT+&çµ - eT÷&Ée ìC≤+ Á|ü<Ûëq eT+Á‹
2) ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é ùdº{Ÿ u≤´+ø˘ì 1941˝À kÕú|æ+#ês¡T 2) 1944˝À ôd+ø£&ÉØ m&ÉT´πøwüHé uÀs¡T¶ ‘=*kÕ]>± 17. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]jÓÆTq~?
ª|òüdtº ôdø£+&ÉØ dü]º|òæπø{Ÿµ |üØø£åqT ìs¡«Væ≤+∫+~ 4) C≤$T eTd”<äT, eTø±ÿ eTd”<äT, {À* eTd”<äT,
3) ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é Ä]úø£ e´edüú •*Œ nø£“sY ôV’≤<äØ eTTwæsêu≤<é eTd”<äT 1) ªeTTw”sêu≤<éµ -eT÷&Ée ìC≤+ Á>±+{Ÿ #˚XÊs¡T
4) Ä]úø£ e´edüú MT<ä ìj·T$T‘·yÓTÆq ø£$T{° >√sê«˝≤ 3) ªÁô|’eTØ yÓ÷&É˝Ÿ dü÷ÿ˝ŸµqT ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é˝À 2) ªôd’bòÕu≤<éµ - ¬s+&√ ìC≤+ ø±\+˝À ù|wüÿsY
1878˝À ÁbÕs¡+_Û+#ês¡T 11. ndü|òtC≤Væ≤\ ìsêàD+ ø±ì~
ø£$T{° (1949-51) m) sπ e÷+&é düe÷~Û, p;¢V‰ü ˝Ÿ, |ü⁄sêedüTÔ eT÷´õj·T+ 3) ªdü÷sYU≤Hé ãC≤sYµ - ◊<äe ìC≤+ ø±\+˝À H√ã˝Ÿ
3. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]jÓÆT|ü~? 4) ôV’≤<äsêu≤<éì ªeTø±ÿ Ä|òt m&ÉT´πøwüHéµ ÇHé 4) ªdæ_¢ >∑+CŸµ - @&Ée ìC≤+ ø±\+˝À H√ã˝Ÿ
Ç+&çj·÷ nì ≈£L&Ü ù|s=ÿqe#·Tà _) ôV’≤ø√s¡Tº, dæ{° ø±˝ÒJ, ñkÕàìj·÷ »qs¡˝Ÿ Vü‰dæŒ≥˝Ÿ
1) 1878˝À kÕ\sY»+>¥ ªã&Ó®{Ÿ e´edüúµqT Á|üy˚X¯ dæ) uÖ‘Y-ñ˝Ÿ-n‹ø˘ eTd”<äT, ôd’<ëu≤<é, eT\ø˘ù|{Ÿ 18. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~?
ô|{≤ºs¡T 6. >√˝§ÿ+&É ø√≥≈£î dü+ã+~Û+∫ dü¬s’q~ @~? 1) ªãwæsYu≤>¥µ - ªô|’>±µ H√ã˝Ÿ
m) ˇ]õq˝Ÿ ø√≥qT eT{Ϻ, Ç≥Tø£\‘√ øÏwüHésêe⁄ &ç) |ü+#Y eTVü≤˝≤¢, |òü\ø˘Hêe÷ bÕ´˝…dt
2) 1905˝À ªôV’≤<äsêu≤<é ùdº{Ÿ Áf…»Øµì @sêŒ≥T 1) m, _ 2) dæ, &ç 3) &ç 4) dæ 2) ªn_&釵 - @&Ée ìC≤+ ø±\+˝À eÁkÕÔ\T
#˚XÊs¡T ì]à+#ê&ÉT ô|≥Tº≈£îH˚ ;s¡Tyê ÇHé#ê]®
_) ª∫#ê¢+µqT ªXÊ* ã+&ɵ nì n+{≤s¡T 12. øÏ+~ yê{Ïì Äs√Vü≤D Áø£eT+˝À neTs¡Ã+&ç
3) ªÁ|ü‘˚´ø£ ø£s¡Te⁄ ]»s¡T«µì @sêŒ≥T #˚j·T˝Ò<äT 1) u≤<écÕVæ≤ n|òü÷sYU≤Hé - #êsYø£e÷Hé - 3) ª&É_sY|üPsêµ - kÕÿ\sY H√ã˝Ÿ, Ç‘·ì bÕ´˝…dt
4) ìC≤+kÕ>∑sY »\ $<äT´‘Y ÁbÕC…≈£îº, sêeT>∑T+&É+ dæ) ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é dæ{° e÷düºsY bÕ¢Hé ø√dü+ kÕ<Ûës¡D bÂs¡T\≈£î ÄÁX¯eT+
MTsYyÓ÷$THé Á|üdæ~Δ #Ó+~q Ç+»˙s¡¢qT, #êsY$THêsY - |ü⁄sêHê|üP˝Ÿ Á_&ç®
<Ûäs¡à˝Ÿ |üesY d”ÿyéT kÕú|æ+∫q kÕeTs¡ú´ ¬øbÕdæ{° 2) |ü⁄sêHê|üP˝Ÿ Á_&ç®- #êsYø£e÷Hé - #êsY$THêsY, 4) ªeT\ø˘ù|≥µ - nãT›˝≤ ≈£î‘·TuŸcÕ ùde≈£î&ÉT
es¡Tdü>± 5000 øÏ.yê≥T¢, 20,000 øÏ.yê≥T¢ •\Œø±s¡T\qT ÇsêHé qT+∫ ÄVü‰«ì+#ê&ÉT. yês¡T
MTsY nDT‘ê*uŸ, ø±e÷\TB›Hé w”sêõ, ôwVü≤πsj·÷sY u≤<écÕVæ≤ n|òü÷sYU≤Hê düe÷<ÛëHê\T
4. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]jÓÆTq~? 3) |ü⁄sêHê|üP˝ŸÁ_&ç® - u≤<écÕVæ≤ n|òü÷sYU≤Hé -
1) ‘=* n‹ô|<ä› bòÕ´ø£ºØ ª~ ôV’≤<äsêu≤<é dæŒìï+>¥, 1) m,_, dæ 2) m, _ 3) dæ 4) _
7. øÏ+~ yê{Ï˝À dü]ø±ì~ @~? #êsY$THêsY - #êsYø£e÷Hé 1.3 2.2 3.1 4.3 5.3
M$+>¥ ø£+ô|˙µì 1878˝À @sêŒ≥T #˚XÊs¡T 4) |ü⁄sêHê|üP˝Ÿ Á_&ç®- #êsY$THêsY - #êsY ø£e÷Hé - 6.1 7.2 8.1 9.2 10.2
2) cÕu≤<é dæyÓT+≥T bòÕ´ø£ºØì 1922˝À kÕú|æ+#ês¡T m) #êsY$THêsY, <Í˝‘Y U≤Hê-m-n* bÕ¢Hqé T ‘·j÷· s¡T
#˚dqæ ~ MTsYy÷Ó $THé, _s¡T<äT qõsY-ñ˝Ÿ- eTT˝Ÿÿ u≤<écÕVæ≤ n|òü÷sYU≤Hé 11.3 12.3 13.4 14.1 15.4
3) ªdüsYdæ˝Ÿÿ, dæsY|üPsY ù||üsYµ $T\T¢qT ªdæsY|üPsYµ˝À 13. øÏ+~ yê{Ïì nes√Vü≤D Áø£eT+˝À neTs¡Ã+&ç 16.1 17.4 18.3

University of Central Post Matric Scholarship for


Lancashire Merit Scholarship kÕÿ\sYwæ|t‡ Disabilities
Prizes & Rewards: Monthly mainte-
nance allowance up to INR 1600 to
Category: International Level Category: Means Based hostellers and up to INR 750 to day
Scholarship: University of Central ficiency eligibility, candidates with 70% Scholarship: Post Matric Scholarship scholars, disability allowance of up to
Lancashire Merit Scholarship for in English subject in class 12 might also for Students with Disabilities 2018-19 INR 4000 per annum,
January 2019, UK be considered. Description: Department of Empower reimbursement of compulsory non-
Description: University of Central Prizes & Rewards: Upto GBP 3000 ment of Persons with Disabilities, refundable fees of up to INR 1.50 Lacs
Lancashire, UK is inviting applications scholarship and GBP 300 as early pay- Ministry of Social Justice and per annum and book allowance of INR
from Indian graduate students who are ment discount will be offered to the eli- Empowerment, Government of India, is 1500 per annum will be given to the
looking forward to pursuing post-gradu- gible candidate. UCLan also offers 24 financially assisting students, who have privileged candidates.
ation from UK in Management, months duration Masters degree pro- more than 40% disability (certified by Last Date to apply: October 30, 2018
Engineering and Law courses. The call gramme (with optional upto 12 months competent medical authority of the state Application: Interested candidates can
made is to study in the university cam- internship). 24*7 government or UTs). make an online application.
pus of Central Lancashire. access to high quality learning resource Eligibility: Students studying in class 11 Website link:
Eligibility: The applying candidate from the University’s library. to post graduation (regular or corre- http://www.b4s.in/nava/PMS47
must have 58% aggregate in the gradua- Last Date to Apply: December 14, 2018 spondence) from a recognized board or
tion degree, with minimum 6.0 band in Application: Applications are accepted university with annual family income
each section and overall score of 6.5 online only. not more
band in IELTS for English language Short Source URL: than INR 2.50 Lacs, are eligible for this Courtesy: www.buddy4study.com /
proficiency. As an alternative to the pro- http://www.b4s.in/nava/UOC3 scholarship. Call: 08448709545, 08527484563
17
ñªëÅ]î¦ô¢Ù 17 ÍÚÁdñô¢ª 2018 - „ email: help@eenadupratibha.net

NNëÅ] ð¼æ©- í£-K¤Û-ö˺x áì-ô¢öËÀ ú£dè†-úÃÚÛª Þœªô¢ªhõª Þœªô¢ªhÙç˶û¶ ÷«ô¢ª\õª!


àμÙCì îμªÙåöËÀ ÓG-Læ© NòÅ°-ÞœÙö˺ -
cÞœé¨êŸ í£J-vÚ¨-óŸªõªe- Íû¶ ÍÙøŒÙšíj ví£øŒoõª
Î-í£{ûÂ ìª í£J-Q-L›úh
÷þ§hô³.- Oæ¨Ú¨ áî¦ñªõª ÞœªJhÙà¦õÙç˶
'2'
LHS = 13 > 7 < 6 + 2 RHS = 3R4
ÍòÅ¡u-ô¢ª–-õÚÛª vð§ëÇ]-NªÚÛ Þœé¨êŸ ví£vÚ¨-óŸª-õšíj
í£J-â°‘ìÙ Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù.- ví£øŒoö˺x ÖÚÛ Þœªô¢ªh ? ? ? ?
+ < ÷ ×
þ§–ìÙö˺ ÷ªô•ÚÛæ¨ Ïþ§hô¢ª. Oæ¨E = 13 + 7 < 6 ÷ 2 =3×4
â°vÞœêŸhÞ¥ Þœ÷ªEÙ# ú£·ôjì ú£÷«ëůû¦Eo = 20 < 3 = 12
ô¦ñæ°dL. = 17
‘ LHS & RHS

Þœé¨êŸ í£JvÚ¨óŸªõª -Îí£{û '3' ìª í£J-Q-L›úh


9 > 5 > 4 < 18 + 9 > 16
Ð ÍÙøŒÙ ìªÙ# ÷à¶a ví£øŒoö˺x Þœé¨êŸ í£J-vÚ¨-óŸª-öËμjì ? ? ? ? ?
+, <, ÷, >, <, =, & îμ³-ë]-öËμjì î¦æ¨E î¦è[ª-ÚÛö˺ ö˶E + + = ÷ + 16
ô Þœªô¢ªh-õêÁ ú£«#þ§hô¢ª.- ÍòÅ¡u-ô¢ª–õª Ð î¦è[ª-ÚÛö˺ ö˶E ‰ 9 + 5 + 4 = 18 ÷ 9 + 16
Þœªô¢ªhõ þ§–ìÙö˺, ú£ÙñÙ-CÅêŸ Þœªô¢ªh-õìª ví£A-¸¤-í‡Ù# ú£÷ª- ‰ 18 = 2 + 16
ú£uìª VBODMAS ú£«vêŸÙ Îëů-ô¢ÙÞ¥ þ§CÅÙ-à¦L.- ‰ 18 = 18 ú£-÷«-ëůìÙ:- 3
- - - ÍÙç˶ W, '-×' ÍÙç˶ &, ÷- ÍÙç˶ $-, '<'
(8 - 10): +
ÍÙç˶ êÁ ú£«#›úh Ú¨ÙC ví£øŒo-õÚÛª ú£÷«-ëů-û¦-õª
'6'
Ï-÷yÙè….-
8.- 2 &- 7 6 4
ô¢àŸô³êŸ
âËμ.N.ÓúÃ.ô¦÷± 1) 9 2) 3 3) 13 4) 10
= 30 ÷ 5 + 4 × 10 < 5
Nù£óŸª Eí£±éªõª
ÎôÂÎôÂH, ÎôÂíˆÓíÆà = 6 + 40 < 5 = 46 < 5 = 41 N÷-ô¢é:- 2 & 764 -
? ?
Ð ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺x þ§ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ Ñí£-óμ«-TÙචޜé¨êŸ LHS = RHS × < - -
Þœªô¢ªhõª.- ví£ê¶uÚÛÙ ú£÷«-ëůìÙ: 4 -
= 2 × 7 < 4 = 14 < 4 = 10 - - - -
4.- ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ ‘S’ ÍÙç˶ '-<'-, '-Q'- ÍÙç˶ '-×'-, '-R'- ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 4
H ÚÛL-í‡-î¶êŸ sÚÛ«è…ÚÛz: +- H Bú‡-î¶êŸ: <-
H Þœªé-Ú¥ô¢Ù: × H òÅ°Þœ-ô¢Ù: ÷-
ÍÙç˶ '-÷', 'P' ÍÙç˶ '+', Íô³ê¶1P45 R2Q2S4 -
9. 72W 27 6 99
îμªÙåöËÀ ÓGLæ© Nõª÷ ÓÙêŸ?
H of: of H vò°·ÚæÀ: s z 1) 65 2) 52 3) 47 4) 0
H ÚÛKx vò°·ÚæÀ: { } H ›ú\¬yô vò°·ÚæÀ: -[ ] 1) 20 2) 52 3) 15 4) 12 1) 40 2) 42 3) 36 4) 46
N÷-ô¢é:- 72 W 27 6 99
N-÷-ô¢é:- ví£øŒo Îëů-ô¢ÙÞ¥ N-÷-ô¢é:- 1 P 4 5 R 2 Q 2 S 4
H ò°ô vò°·ÚæÀ/-Vinculum: ± ? ?
16 ÷- 64 <- 4 × 4 +- 3
? ? ? ? + <
H Greater than sÓÚÛª\÷z: > + ÷ × <- -
= 72 + 27 < 99 -
H Less than sêŸÚÛª\÷z: <
?
+-
? ?
÷- <-
?
× -
= 1 + 45 ÷ 2 × 2 < 4
-
= 99 < 99 = 0 - - ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 4
H Equal to sú£÷«ìÙz: = =- 16 +- 64 ÷- 4 <- 4 +- 3 (VBODMAS = 1 + 22.5 × 2 < 4
10. 17 & 12 $ 3
ìªÙ#z RULE = 1 + 45 < 4 = 46 < 4 = 42 ú£-÷«-ëůìÙ:- 2 1) 98 2) 87 3) 75 4) 68
VBODMAS RULE - ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ T ÍÙç˶ (-×), U ÍÙç˶ (<), × ÍÙç˶
- -
= 16 + 16 < 12 - 5.
N÷-ô¢é:-
(÷-), W ÍÙç˶ (+), Íô³ê¶ s50 × 2z W (28T4)
17 & 12 $ 3
Ð Þœé¨êŸ í£J-vÚ¨-óŸª-õÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì ú£÷ª-ú£u-õìª =- 32 <- 12 =- 20 ú£-÷«-ëůìÙ:- 1
Nõª÷ ÓÙêŸ?
? ?
VBODMAS RULE ìª- Ñí£-óμ«-TÙ# þ§CÅÙ-à¦L.- 3.- ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ '<'- ÍÙç˶ '+', '+'- ÍÙç˶ '<'-, '×'-
× ÷ - -
V B O D M A S ÍÙç˶ '÷'-, '÷'- ÍÙç˶ '×'- Íô³ê¶ Ð Ú¨ÙC ú£Oª-ÚÛ-ô¢- 1) 142 2) 158 3) 137 4) 163 = 17 × 12 ÷ 3- -
é°ö˺x ÔC ú£·ôjÙC? N-÷-ô¢é:- (50 × 2) W (28 T 4) - - -
= 17 × 4 = 68 ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 4
Óè[÷ª ìªÙ# ÚÛªè…Ú¨ 1) 30 < 5 + 4 ÷- 10 × 5 = 62
? ? ? 11.- ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ '+'- ÍÙç˶ '-×', '-×' ÍÙç˶ '÷'-, '÷'
+
2) 30 + 5 ÷- 4 < 10 × 5 = 22
÷ ×
ÍÙç˶ '+'-, '<'- ÍÙç˶ '='-, '='- ÍÙç˶ '<'- Íô³ê¶
Step < 1: V = Viniculam (<) ìª îμ³ë]-åÞ¥ 3) 30 + 5 < 4 ÷- 10 × 5 = 28
= (50 ÷ 2) + (28 × 4)
2-
þ§CÅÙ-à¦L.- = (25) + 112 = 137 ú£-÷«-ëůìÙ:- 3 ± × (1 ± +- ±) Nõª÷ ÓÙêŸ?
3
4- 3-
4
4) 30 × 5 < 4 ÷- 15 + 5 = 41 - ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ '@' ÍÙç˶ '-×', ‘C’ ÍÙç˶ '÷'-, %- 5
STEP < 2: vò°·Ú-æÀ-õìª CÞœª÷ ú£«#Ù-#ì vÚÛ÷ªÙö˺ 6.
þ§CÅÙ-à¦L.- N-÷-ô¢é: Îí£{û '1'ìª ú£J-àŸ«-è[åÙ ÍÙç˶ s+-z, $ ÍÙç˶ s<-z Íô³ê¶ 6%12C3@8$3 1) ±
8
- 2) ±
9
- 3) ±
4
- 4) ±
5
-
LHS = 30 < 5 + 4 ÷ 10 × 5 = 62 Nõª÷ ÓÙêŸ? 16 16 16 16
a) ( ) Small/ Circular Bracket
- -
b) { } Middle/ Curly Bracket
c) [ ] Large/ Square Bracket
?
+
?
<
30 + 5 < 4
?
×
?
÷
× 10 ÷ 5 -
1) 37
N-÷-ô¢é:-
2) 35
6 % 12 C 3 @ 8 $ 3
3) 39 4) 33 N÷-ô¢é: 3 2 4
± × 1 ± + ±
4 3 5 - ( - )
? ? ? ? ? ?
= 30 + 5 < 4 × 2 = 30 + 5 < 8
STEP < 3: O of + % × -
<
÷ ×
STEP < 4: D ÷ (Division)- = 35 < 8 = 27 = RHS
= 6 + 12 ÷ 3 × 8 < 3 - - - (±
3 5
× ±)
4
STEP < 5: M × (Multiplication) LHS & RHS - = ± ÷
4 3- 5
- Îí£{û '2'ìª ú£J-àŸ«-è[åÙ =6+4×8<3

- = -± ÷- ± =- ±- × ± =- ±-
STEP < 6: A + (Addition) 3 4 3 3 9
LHS = 30 + 5 ÷- 4 <
= 6 + 32 < 3
STEP < 7: S < (Substration) 10 × 5
= 38 < 3 = 35 4- 3 4- 4 - 16
šíj vÚÛ÷ªÙö˺ Ð ÍÙøŒÙ ìªÙ# ÷à¶a ví£øŒo-õìª þ§CÅÙ-à¦L.- ?
<
?
×
?
+
?
÷ ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 2 ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 2
- -
= 30 < 5 × 4 + 10 ÷ 5 - - 7.- ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ > ÍÙç˶ +, < ÍÙç˶ <, +- ÍÙç˶ 12 + .- - ÍÙç˶ <, <- ÍÙç˶ =, ÷- ÍÙç˶ +-, < ÍÙç˶ <
=- - - - - - - ÍÙç˶ ×, =- ÍÙç˶ ÷- Íô³ê¶ Ú¨ÙCî¦æ¨ö˺
÷, R ÍÙç˶ '-×', <- ÍÙç˶ =, '-×' ÍÙç˶ >, = ÍÙç˶
÷«CJ ví£øŒoõª 30 < 5 × 4 + 2 = 30 < 20 + 2 ,>
- ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ A ÍÙç˶ '÷-', B ÍÙç˶ '<', ÍÙç˶ =- - - - - - ú£·ôjì ë¯Eo ÞœªJhÙ-àŸÙè….-
< Íô³ê¶ Ð CÞœª÷ ú£Oª-ÚÛ-ô¢-é°ö˺x ú£·ôjÙC ÔC?
1. C (30 + 2) < 20 = 32 < 20 = 12
'×' Íô³ê¶ 46A2B3C4 Nõª÷ ÓÙêŸ? LHS & RHS
1) 28 + 4R2 = 6R4 + 2 1) 8 > 2 < 6 = 3 <14
1) 34 2) 23 3) 17 4) 11 Îí£{û '3'ìª ú£J-àŸ«-è[åÙ 2) 13 > 7 < 6 + 2 = 3R4 2) 8 ÷ 2 + 6 <3 + 14 -
N-÷-ô¢é:- ví£øŒo Îëů-ô¢ÙÞ¥ 46 A 2 B 3 C 4 LHS = 30 + 5 < 4 ÷ 10 × 5
3) 9 > 5 > 4 < 18 + 9 > 16 3) 8 × 2 < 6 + 3 ÷ 14 -
? ? ?
= 46 ÷ 2 < 3 × 4
? ? ?
< + ×
?
÷ 4) 9 < 3 < 2 > 1 × 8R2 4) 8 + 2 ÷ 6 < 3 × 14 -
= 23 < 3 × 4 (VBODMAS Rule ìªÙ#z = 30 < 5 + 4 × 10 ÷ 5 N-÷-ô¢é:- Îí£{û '1'E í£J-Q-L›úh.-.-.- N-÷-ô¢é:- Îí£{û a ìª í£J-Q-L›úh
- -
= 23 < 12 = 11 - = 30 < 5 + 4 × 2 = 30 < 5 + 8 = 38 < 5 LHS = 28 + 4R2 RHS 6R4 + 2 8 > 2 < 6 = 3 < 14

ú£-÷«-ëůìÙ:- 4 = 33 RHS ‘ LHS & RHS ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

2.- ÖÚÛ ú£÷ª-ú£uö˺ '+'- ÍÙç˶ '×', '<' ÍÙç˶ '÷' -, '÷' Îí£{û '4'ìª ú£J-àŸ«-è[åÙ
÷ × × ÷ × < ÷ - =

ÍÙç˶ '+', '×'- ÍÙç˶ '<'- Íô³ê¶ 16 ÷- 64 <- 4 LHS = 30 × 5 < 4 ÷ 10 + 5


28 ÷ 4 × 2 6×4÷2 ‰ 8 × 2 < 6 ÷ 3 = 14 ‰ 16 < 2 = 14 -
× 4 +- 3 Nõª÷ ÓÙêŸ? ? ? ? ?
7 × 2 = 14 6 × 2 = 12 ‰ 14 = 14 ú£÷«-ëůìÙ:- 1
÷ + × < LHS & RHS l
16
ñªëÅ]î¦ô¢Ù 17 ÍÚÁdñô¢ª 2018 „- email: help@eenadupratibha.net

She is Always
The 'Sentence Improvement' item is in
fact the "Spotting Errors " item in a
(SBI PO Exam- 2006)
different format. Here answers are also 18. You will see signs of ... everywhere, which
given as options and you have to use speaks well for the ... of these people
one of them as your answer. In other 1) decoration - senses 2) clear - debris
3) beauty - careful 4) industry - prosperity
words, you have to spot the error and

Watching TV
5) repairs - extravaganza
spot the answer among the options. (SBI PO Exam- 2006)
Again "Fill in the Blanks" is also 19. Of all the problems that have ... human
another regular item in bank exams. beings since the beginning of recorded his-
tory, perhaps the most significant has been
This item is meant to test your lan-
the ... of their own nature.
guage skills. If you have some strong 1) encountered - importance
vocabulary and strong foundation in 2) perplexed - value 3) questioned - scope
English grammar, scoring maximum 4) confronted - riddle 5) directed - issue
(SBI PO Exam- 2007)
marks is not a big thing. Here are a few
20. A key factor in .... an effective and fulfiling
model questions and questions culled life in our complex society is the ability to ....
from previous exams for your practice control over our actions.
and understanding. 1) achieving - exert 2) obtaining - energise
3) projecting - restrain
SENTENCE IMPROVEMENT 4) providing - admonish
5) expressing - withhold
Directions(Q.1-10): Which of the following
phrases given below each sentence can (SBI PO Exam- 2007)
replace the phrase printed in bold to make 21. We should involve all our colleagues in ...
the sentence grammatically correct. If you important decisions.
think that the sentence is correct as it is, 1) instigating 2) deciding 3) pioneering
choose "no correction required" from the 4) making 5) identifying
options. (SBI PO Prelim- 2008)
1. Sunil IS GOING to college daily 22. For such a ... task,there should be some
1) has gone 2) have gone 3) goes special task force.
4) went 5) no correction required 1) trivial 2) gigantic 3) definite
2. Meena IS ALWAYS WATCHING TV 4) simple 5) complexity
1) watches 2) has watched (SBI PO Prelim- 2008)
3) have watched 4) watched 15. Lack of ... is basic to good team work but 23. His ... attitude is the root cause of most of
5) no correction required

Writer
IBPS POs our ability to work with others depends on
our ...
1) rigidity - compatibility
his problems.
1) inflexible
4) innovative
2) positive
5) playful
3) incapable

(SBI PO Prelim- 2008)


M. Somasekhar Prasad English 2) dogmatism - motivation
3) professionalism - vulnerability 24. Our country is committed to ... peace all
Subject Expert 4) positivism--flexibility over the world.
4) will hear 5) no correction required 1) starting 2) establishment 3) maintaining
5) consideration - acumen
10. I AM USED TO play cricket at college. 4) encompassing 5) settle
3. As Ravi has been down with fever, Rani 16. The criterion for ... a player should be his
1) use to 2) using to 3) being used to recent performance; but unfortunately the (SBI PO Prelim- 2008)
CALLED ON him three times this month.
4) used to 5) no correction required journalists are ... to be carried away by ear- 25. I do not approve ... the views expressed by
1) is calling on 2) has called on
lier successes. you.
3) will call on 4) have called on Fill in the Blanks 1) condemning - satisfying 1) wrote 2) of 3) at 4) for 5) realised
5) no correction required
Directions(Q.11-25): Pick out the most appro- 2) judging - prone 3) revealing - reluctant (SBI PO Prelim- 2008)
4. Though the Opposition has been very critical
about the inaction of the Government for end- priate word(s) from the given options to fill in 4) eager - acclaimed 5) criticising - clean ANSWERS
ing lynching cases across the country, the the blanks to make the sentence grametically (SBI PO Exam- 2006)
complete. 1) 3 6) 3 11) 4 16) 2 21) 4
Government is unmoved. The Media also 17. For the last half century he ... himself to
11. Vision is usually .... most effectively when 2) 5 7) 4 12) 1 17) 3 22) 2
feels now that it is time the Government public affairs ... taking a holiday.
many different ..... are used 3) 2 8) 1 13) 5 18) 4 23) 1
ACTS tough. 1) by - committed 2) after - offered
(SBI PO Exam- 1999) 4) 4 9) 5 14) 3 19) 4 24) 3
1) acting 2) has acted 3) have been acting 3) devoted - without 4) sacrificed - after
1) developed - manifestations 5) 1 10) 4 15) 1 20) 1 25) 2
4) acted 5) no correction required 5) prepared - before
5. My cousin Leela LEFT Hyderabad before the 2) adapted - organisations
AP State was bifurcated in 2014. 3) communicated - vehicles
1) had left 2) was leaving 3) has left 4) exhibited - forms 5) described - thought EXPLANATIONS
4) having left 5) no correction required 12. It would be impossible for us to continue liv-
6. The L & T Company WILL COMPLETE the ing in this world if each of us ... exactly, what 1. 'Daily' means a habitual action. So, the and use the Simple Past for the second
Hyderabad Metro work BY 2022. fate had in ... for him. sentence must be in the Simple Present action.
(SBI PO Exam- 1999) Tense. 6. When talking about actions which would be
1) would complete 2) will be completing
1) follows - plan 2) appreciates - strategy 2. To indicate that a person habitually does completed by a certain point of time in the
3) will have completed 4) completed
something too much or annoys others with Future, use the Future Perfect Tense, usu-
5) no correction required 3) designs - anticipation
his action, use the word, 'Always' + Verb in ally with the Preposition 'By'.
7. Gopi and Geeta have been engaged and 4) visualises - hidden 5) knew - store
the Present Progressive Form. 7. Use "Going to" in the sentence for actions
they WILL MARRY next week. 13. When interpersonal problems ... but are not
3. When Adverbs like this morning/ week/ in the Future when there is some physical
1) marry 2) will have married dealt with,the organisation's productivity
month, are used it means that there are or documentary evidence.
3) should marry 4) are going to marry inevitably...
chances of repeating the action for a cou- 8. Use 'Think' when giving your views or opin-
5) no correction required (Q-13-15 SBI PO Exam - 2003) ple of times before the week or the month ions about a person or a thing. 'Thinking'
8. I AM THINKING, Prasad is a hard working 1) surface - develops 2) focus - increases ends. So, the sentence should be in the can be used when talking about your
and sincere teacher. 3) establish - projects 4) develop - exhibits Present Perfect Tense. plans-"I am thinking of leaving this city."
1) I think 2) I thought 5) exist - diminishes 4. When the usages like 'As if/ As though, It is 9. the Verb, 'Hear' is not usually used in the
3) I have been thinking 14. Participative management, in which every- Time/ It is High Time' are used to talk about 'Ing' form. But when you mean' Receiving
4) I will have thought one has .... into a decision that a leader then "Unreal Things", the Verb after these news about something or someone', use
5) no correction required makes, is a mechanism for ... employees. usages must be in the Simple Past "hearing".
1) share - projecting 2) value - thwarting Tense(V2 Form). 10. Use "Used to" when talking about your
9. These days we ARE HEARING a lot about
"#Metoo" cases from all parts of the world. 3) motivation - involving 5. When talking about two past actions, use habits in the past (For discontinued
4) reward - stimulating 5) input - empowering the Past Perfect Tense for the First Action habits)
1) heard 2) have heard 3) hear
10 Á‹tyÓ˛ Q–ö˛$√Ö ∑ ∫$´ßÊ˛–ÈΔÊˇÖ 17 AM¯t∫ΔÊˇ$ 2018 www.andhrajyothy com .

IBPS PO PRELIMS MODEL PAPER


(∞Ø˲≤sÏ˝ ô˲ΔÊˇ$–ÈΔˇ$$) 4 days, then the time taken by fastest
worker is how much percent less than
Direction (32-35): Each of the questions the second fastest worker?
below insists of a question and two state- 1) 90% 2) 80% 3) 60% 4) 40% 5) 20% B.Krishna Kishore
ments numbered I and II given below it. 54. Rs.1,500 were invested for 5 year in
You have to decide whether the data pro-
Senior Faculty
first scheme which offers simple inter-
vided in the statements are sufficient to est at a rate of 14% p.a. The amount
answer the question. Read both the state- received after 5 years and some addi-
ments and give answer tional money is then invested in second
1) if the data in statement I alone are suf- scheme for 2 years, which offers com- questions, a question is followed by infor-
ficient to answer the question, while the 41. What is the total number of Laptops pound interest (compounded annually) mation given in three statements. You have
data in statement II alone are not suffi- sold by HP in all six years together? at a rate of 20% p.a. If the compound to study the question alongwith the state-
cient to answer the question. 1) 1684 2) 1716 3) 1311 4) 1432 interest received from second scheme ments and decide, the information given in
2) if the data in statement II alone are suf- 5) None of these after 2 year is Rs.1,408, then what was which of the statement(s) is necessary to
ficient to answer the question, while the 42. What is the approx average number of the additional money invested in sec- answer the question.
data in statement I alone are not sufficient Laptops produced by Lenovo in all six ond scheme apart from the amount 61. In how many days can 16 men and 8
to answer the question. years together? received from first scheme? women together complete a piece of
3) if the data either in statement I alone or 1) 545 2) 554 3) 567 4) 575 1) Rs.450 2) Rs.650 3) Rs.500 work?
in statement II alone are sufficient to 5) None of these 4) Rs.280 5) Rs.520 I. 8 men complete a piece of work in 10
answer the question. 43. The total number of Laptops sold by 55. A motor-boat travelling at the same days.
4) if the data in both the statements I and Lenovo in the year 2013 is what per- speed can cover 25 Km upstream and II. 16 women complete the piece of work
II together are not sufficient to answer the centage of the number of laptops 39 Km downstream in 8 hours. At the in 10 days.
question. unsold by Lenovo in the year 2011? same speed, it can travel 35 Km III. 5 women take 32 days to complete the
5) if the data in both statements I and II 1) 158.5% 2) 180% 3) 120% upstream and 52 Km downstream in 11 piece of work.
together are necessary to answer the ques- 4) 150% 5) 141% . hours. What is the speed of the stream? 1) Only I and II 2) Only I and III
tion. 44. The total total number of Laptops 1) 2 Km/h 2) 3 Km/h 3) 4 Km/h 3) Only II and III
32. What is Vipul's age? unsold by Asus the year in the year 4) 5 Km/h 5) None of these 4) Only I and either II or III
I. Vipul, Vimal and Vikas are all of the 2015 is approximately what percentage Directions(56-60): Study the following 5) Any two of the three
same age. more or less than the total number of graph and table carefully and answer the 62. What is the speed of the train?
II. Total age of Vimal, Vikas and Anil is Laptops sold by Dell in the year 2016? questions given below.
32 years and Anil is as old as vimal and I. Train crosses a pole in 10 seconds.
1) 26% less 2) 24% more 3) 38% more TIME TAKEN TO TRAVEL (IN HOURS) II. Length of the train is 240 metres.
Vikas together. 4) 34% less 5) 48% less
33. On which day in April is Andy's birth- BY SIX VEHICLES ON TWO III. Train crosses a platform of its equal
45. What is the difference between the total DIFFERENT DAYS length in 20 seconds.
day? Laptops sold and the total number of
I. Andy was born exactly 28 years after 1) Only I and II 2) Only II and III
number of laptop unsold by Lenovo in 3) All I, II and III 4) Any two of the three
his mother was born. all six years together?
II. His mother will be 55 years 4 months 5) only II and either I or III
1) 242 2) 256 3) 263 4) 275 63. What is the area of the square?
and 5 days on August 18 this year. 5) None of these
34. Total money with Firdous and Ajay is I. Measure of diagonal of the square is
Direction (46-50): What will come in place given.
28 percent of that with Usman. How of the question mark (?) in the following
much money is Ajay having? II. Measure of one side of square is given.
number series?
I. Usman has got Rs.75000. III. Perimeter of the square is given.
46. 1548 516 129 43 ?
II. The ratio of money of Firdous to 1) Only II 2) Only III 3) Only I and III
1) 11 2) 10.75 3) 9.5 4) 12
money held by Ajay is 1 : 3. 4) Only II and III 5) Any one of the three
5) None of these
35. Can Ritesh retire from office Y in 64. What is the two digit number?
47. 949 189.8 ? 22.776 11.388 6.8328
January 2006, with full pension bene- I. The number obtained by interchanging
1) 48.24 2) 53.86 3) 74.26 4) 56.94 DISTANCE COVERED (IN KILOMETERS)
fits? 5) None of these the digits of the number is greater than the
I. Ritesh will complete 30 years of service BY SIX VEHICLES ON EACH DAY original number by 18.
48. 121 144 190 259 ? 466
in office Y in April 2000 and desires to Vehicle Day1 Day 2 II. Sum of the two digits of the number is
1) 351 2) 349 3) 374 4) 328
retire. 5) None of these U 832 864 14.
II. As per office Y rules, an employee has 49. 14 43.5 264 ? 76188 V 516 774 III. Difference between the two digits of
to complete minimum 30 years of service 1) 3168 2) 3176 3) 1587 4) 1590 W 693 810 the number is 2.
and attain age of 60. Ritesh has 3 years to 5) None of these 1) Any two of the three 2) Only I and III
complete age of 60. X 552 765 3) Only II and either I or III
50. 41 164 2624 ? 6045696
Y 935 546 4) All the three
1) 104244 2) 94644 3) 94464 4) 102444
QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE 5) None of these Z 703 636 5) Only III and either I or II
51. A car starts its journey from Delhi. The 65. What is the rate of interest p.c.p.a.?
56. Which of the following vehicles trav-
average speed of the bus in the onward I. Simple interest earned per annum is Rs.
Direction (36-40): What value will come in elled at the same speed on both the
journey was 30% more than that in the 5,300.
place of the question mark (?) in the fol- days?
return journey. The bus halts for 1 II. The difference between the compound
lowing questions? 1) Vehicle U 2) Vehicle W 3) Vehicle Z
hour on reaching the destination. The interest and simple interest on an amount
36. 212.5 � 42.5 - 128.5 � 33.2 = ? 4) Vehicle V 5) None of these
total time taken for the complete to and is Rs.1,060 at the end of 2 years.
1) 4765.05 2) 4618.4 3) 4369.2 4) 4816.8 57. What was the difference between the
for journey is 18 hours to cover a dis- III. An amount doubles itself in 5 years
5) None of these speed of vehicle U on day 1 and the
tance of 500 km. What is the speed of with simple interest.
37. (165)2 + (145)2 � (155)2 = ? � 25 speed of vehicle W on the same day?
the car in the onward journey? 1) All the three 2) Only III
1) 601993 2) 562159 3) 621123 1) 7 km/hr 2) 12 km/hr 3) 11 km/hr
1) 30.4 m/hr 2) 32.2 km/hr 3) 33.8 km/hr 3) Either II or III 4) Only III or I and II
4) 605625 5) None of these 4) 8 km/hr 5) None of these
4) 35.5 km/hr 5) 37.8 km/hr 5) Question cannot be answered even with
38. 1496 � ? � 36 = 861696 58. What was the speed of vehicle W on day
52. In how many ways can the word ENGI- the information in all three statements
1) 22 2) 16 3) 28 4) 24 5) None of these 2 in terms of meters per second?
NEER be arranged so that 'G' and 'R'
39. 23 � 15 - 60 + ? � 31 = 292 1) 15.3 2) 12.8 3) 11.5 4) 13.8
are never together? Answers
1) 218 2) 186 3) 217 4) 201 5) None of these
1) 3120 2) 2830 3) 2940 4) 3220
5) None of these 59. The distance travelled by vehicle Z on
5) None of these 32) 5 39) 3 46) 2 53) 5 60) 2
40. 14% of 1850 + ? % of 1380 = 463 53. A, B and C are assigned a work. day 2 was approximately what percent
of the distance travelled by it on day 1? 33) 5 40) 3 47) 4 54) 2 61) 4
1) 16.55 2) 12.25 3) 14.78 4) 18.25 Working together, they can complete a
1) 80% 2) 65% 3) 85% 4) 95% 5) 90% 34) 5 41) 3 48) 1 55) 3 62) 5
5) None of these work in 10 days. However, C worked 35) 5 42) 2 49) 5 56) 4 63) 5
Direction (41-45): Read the following table for only first 3 days and 37/100 th of the 60. What is the respective ratio of the
36) 1 43) 5 50) 3 57) 3 64) 3
carefully and answer the given question. total work was completed in these 3 speeds of vehicle X and vehicle Y on
37) 4 44) 4 51) 3 58) 5 65) 2
Table shows the number of Laptop pro- days. Remaining work is completed by day 2?
38) 2 45) 5 52) 3 59) 5
duced by four different Laptop HP, Dell, A and B in 7 days. The work done by A 1) 15 : 13 2) 17 : 13 3) 13 : 11 4) 17 : 14
Asus and Lenovo and the ratio between in 5 days is equal to work done by B in 5) None of these
sold and unsold laptops among them. Directions (61-65): In each of the following (—$VʸôÈ {Á≥‘Ë˝≤À$, Á‹–ö˛*´ßëØÈÀ$ ΔÛˇÁ≥sÏ˝ Á‹tyÓ˛ÃZ)
.
www.andhrajyothy com Q–ö˛$√Ö ∑ ∫$´ßÊ˛–ÈΔÊˇÖ 17 AM¯t∫ΔÊˇ$ 2018 Á‹tyÓ˛ 11

{Á≥‘È≤ΔÊˇ¶MÊ¸Ö Vʸ$ΔÊˇ$¢ EØ˲≤ ›Î¶Ø˲ÖÃZ –ö˛^Û˛a Á‹ÖQ≈?


—$Ì‹fiÖVä¸ Ø˲Ö∫Δäˇ sÒ˝ã‹t

Á≥ÖyÏ˛sÏ˝ “$ØÈÑϸ Á≥–ö˛Øå˛


Ô‹∞ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ ∏Î≈MʸŒt

¥˘Œã‹, {Vʸ*ã≥fi, BΔäˇBΔäˇº {Á≥ôÛ˛≈MʸÖ


ãß<Ûäyês¡+ 17
6 Æ>Äæý$Ë$, º…© AÆÿ$$¯èþ çܧéÕÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë™ø GÌêVø
nø√ºãsY, 2018
§éÄæý$MæüÐðþ$O¯èþ A…ÔéË$. Ððþ$$§æþsìý §óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$
¯èþVæüÆæÿ… ¯èþ$…yìþ ™èþí³µ…^èþ$Mæü$° ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ ò³¯èþ$Vö…yæþ {´ëÆæÿ…À…_¯èþ D ÆæÿMæüÐðþ$O¯èþ ¿æýÐèþ¯èþ °Æ>Ã×ý
Æ>f«§é°V> Mö™èþ¢ Ýë{Ðèþ*gêÅ°² Ýë¦í³…_¯éyæþ$. M>Ææÿ{MæüÐèþ*˯èþ$, Æðÿ…yæþÐèþ §óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ Mö¯èþÝëW…
AÆæÿÒsìýÐèþ…Ôèý… (1570&1652): ^èþV>, AÑ }Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë ç³Ç´ë˯é M>Ë…ÌZ
1. †Ææÿ$Ðèþ$Ë Æ>Äæý$Ë$ (1570&72): E^èþe§æþÔèýMæü$ ^óþÆæÿ$Mæü$¯é²Æÿ$$.
C™èþyæþ$ Mö™èþ¢ Ýë{Ðèþ*fÅ Ýë¦ç³Mæü$yæþ$. Mö…™èþM>Ë… Ýëíßý™èþÅ…:
ç³Ç´ëÍ…_¯èþ ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ ™èþ¯èþ CçÙtç³NÆæÿÓMæü…V>¯óþ ™èþ¯èþ ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿÆ>kË$ Vöç³µ Ýëíßý™èþÅ´ùçÙMæü$Ë$. ÒÇ
íÜ…àçܯ鰲 ™èþ¯èþ gôýÅçÙtMæü$Ðèþ*Ææÿ$yðþO¯èþ Ððþ$$§æþsìý ´ùçÙ×ýÌZ A¯óþMæü Ðèþ$™èþç³ÆæÿÐðþ$O¯èþ {´ëç³…_MæüÐðþ$O¯èþ
}Ææÿ…Væü¯éÄæý$Mæü$ËMæü$ §éÆ>§æþ™èþ¢… ^óþÔéyæþ$. ç³#çÜ¢M>Ìñý¯ø² çÜ…çÜ–P™èþ…, ™ðþË$Væü$, Mæü¯èþ²yæþ…, ™èþÑ$âæý
ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ Ýë{Ðèþ*fÅ… 2. ÐéÆæÿçÜ$Ë$
Ððþ$$§æþsìý }Ææÿ…Væü¯éÄæý$Mæü$Ë$ (1572&85): C™èþyæþ$
½gêç³NÆŠÿ VøÌZP…yæþ çÜ$Ìꢯèþ$Ë ^óþ†ÌZ Kyìþ
¿êçÙÌZÏ ÐðþË$ÐèþyézÆÿ$$. Ýëíßý™èþÅ ´ùçÙ×ý Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþ
Æ>Äæý$Ë ´ë˯é M>Ë…ÌZ ÕQÆ>{Væüíܦ†Mìü ^óþÆæÿ$
Mæü$¯èþ²¨. BÄæý$°² B…{«§æþ¿Zkyæþ$ A° ^éÌê çÜÐèþ$…
2. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ (1509&29): §æþ…yæþÄæý*{™èþ ^óþíÜ, çÜ$ÌꢯŒþ Ðèþ$çßýçŠþ gôýÅçÙtMæü$Ðèþ*Ææÿ$° ´ùÄæý*yæþ$. A¯óþMæü Æ>fÅ{´ë…™é˯èþ$ ´ùVör$t fçÜ…V> A¯é²Ææÿ$.
Äæý$ÐèþÓ¯èþ Ðèþ…Ôèý Ýë¦ç³Mæü$yæþ$. ºçßýÐèþ$± ç³Ç´ëËMæü$yìþV> Væü$˾Æ>YÌZ ç³#¯èþ@{糆íÙt… Mæü$¯é²yæþ$. C™èþ° ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ C™èþ° ™èþÐèþ$$ÃyðþO¯èþ Æðÿ…yæþÐèþ jMæüÐèþ#Ë$& ÐéÆæÿ$ Ææÿ_…_¯èþ {Væü…£éË ÑÔóýÚëË$
(G) C™èþyæþ$ MóüÐèþË… ™èþ$âæý$ÐèþÐèþ…Ôèý Æ>kËÌZ Ðèþ*{™èþÐóþ$ ^éyæþ$. Ððþ…MæürÆ>Äæý$Ë$ Æ>fÄæý*Åyæþ$. ™èþ¯èþ Æ>gêÅ°² 1. Væü…V>§óþÑ- -&
M>Mæü$…yé Ððþ$$™èþ¢… ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ ç³Ç´ëËMæü$Ë…§æþÇ Ýë…çÜ–P†Mæü ÑfÄæý*Ë$ : VøÌŸP…yæþ çÜ$Ìꢯèþ$ ¯èþ$…yìþ çÜ…Ææÿ„ìü…^èþ$MøÐèþyæþ…ÌZ Ðèþ$«§æþ$ÆæÿÑfÄæý$…
ÌZ¯èþ* õ³Æðÿ°²MæüËVæü¯èþ²Ðéyæþ$. A…§æþ$Mæü$ C™èþ° òÜO°Mæü Mæüâæý, ÐéçÜ$¢ Õ˵…Mæü$ çÜ…º…«¨…_¯èþ Ææÿ…V>ÌZÏ C™èþyæþ$ C™èþyæþ$ çÜçœÎMæü–™èþ$yæþÄæý*Åyæþ$. C™èþ° ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ C¨ ^éÇ{™èþMæüÆæÿ^èþ¯èþ
ÑfÄæý*Ë$, MæüâæýË$, ÐéçÜ$¢Õ˵…, Ýëíßý™èþÅ´ùçÙ×ý G¯èþÌôý° õÜÐèþ^óþÔéyæþ$. ÑuæÿxËÝëÓÑ$ BËÄæý$…, çßý…í³ Ððþ…MæürÆ>Äæý$Ë$ A™èþ° Ðóþ$¯èþË$ÏyðþO¯èþ Æðÿ…yæþÐèþ 2. Æðÿ…yæþÐèþ§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$&
Ðèþ$$QÅM>Ææÿ×êË$. ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆ>ËÌZ Mæü–çÙ~ÝëÓÑ$, àiÆæÿ Æ>Ðèþ$ÝëÓÑ$ }Ææÿ…VæüÆ>Äæý$Ë$ Æ>fÄæý*Åyæþ$. C™èþyæþ$ A…™èþÆæÿ$Å Ðèþ$à¯èþrMæüçÜ$«§é°«¨
(¼) òÜO°Mæü ÑfÄæý*Ë$ : BËÄæý*Ë °Æ>Ã×ý… ^óþÔéyæþ$. G¯ø² Æ>Äæý$Vøç³#Æ> §æþ®…ÌZ çßý™èþÐèþ*Ææÿaºyézyæþ$. Ððþ…MæürÆ>Äæý$Ë Ðèþ$ÆöMæü çÜ…X™èþÐéÅRêÅ{Væü…«§æþ…
1. ™é¯èþ$ {Mîü.Ôèý.1509 íÜ…àçܯèþÐèþ$«¨íÙt…_¯èþ Ððþ…r¯óþ ˯èþ$ Ýë¦í³…^èþyæþ… Ðèþ*{™èþÐóþ$ M>Mæü, ™èþ¯èþ Ðèþ*™èþ–Ðèþ$*Ç¢ AË$ÏyðþO¯èþ Æ>Ðèþ$§óþÐèþ#yæþ$ (1614&30) Æ>fÄæý*Åyæþ$. 3. ^èþÐèþ$Ææÿ¯èþ$yæþ$&
§æþ…yæþÄæý*{™èþ ^óþíܯèþ ºçßýÐèþ$± òÜO¯éÅ˯èþ$ ™èþÇÑ$ AÆÿ$$¯èþ ¯éVæüÐèþ*…º ÝëÃÆæÿMæü _çßý²…V>, ¯éVæüÌê C™èþ° ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ A™èþ° çÜÐèþ† Ýù§æþÆæÿ$yðþO¯èþ Ðèþ$*yæþÐèþ {糿æý$Í…VæüÎË (M>ÐèþÅ…)
Mörtyæþ… MøÑËMö…yæþ Äæý$$§æþ®…ÌZ Äæý$*çÜ‹³ AÎ ç³#ÆæÿÐèþ$¯óþ Mö™èþ¢ ¯èþVæüÆ>°² °ÇÃ…^éyæþ$. _ÐèþÆæÿMæü$, Ððþ…MæürÆ>Äæý$Ë$ (1630&42) ò³¯èþ$Vö…yæþ¯èþ$ 4. Æ>f¯é£æþyìþ…yìþÐèþ$$yæþ$&
Úë¯èþ$ çßý™èþÐèþ*Ææÿayæþ… Ððþ$$§æþsìý ÑfÄæý$…. †Ææÿ$糆ÌZ } Ððþ…MæüsôýÔèýÓÆæÿÝëÓÑ$ §óþÐéËÄæý*°Mìü ºçßýÐèþ$±ËMæü$ Kyìþ´ùÆÿ$$, ¯ðþË*ÏÆæÿ$ ¯èþ$…yìþ Æ>fÅ ÝëË$Ðèþ*¿æý$ŧæþÄæý$… (^éÇ{™èþÆæÿ^èþ¯èþ)
2. ºçßýÐèþ$± I§æþ$ `ÍMæü Æ>gêÅËÌZ JMæüsñýO¯èþ ½fç³N Mö°² Ðèþ$ÆæÿÐèþ$Ùèþ$¢Ë$ ^óþíÜ ™èþ¯èþ Ñ{Væüà°² AMæüPyæþ ´ë˯èþ ÝëW…^éyæþ$. Ððþ…MæürÆ>Äæý$Ë Ðóþ$¯èþË$ÏyðþO¯èþ 5. í³ËÏË Ðèþ${Çí³¯èþ ÒÆæÿ¿æý{§æþ$yæþ$ &
Ææÿ$ò³O §æþ…yæþÄæý*{™èþ ^ðþÄæý$Åyæþ…, Æ>Äæý$^èþ*Ææÿ$, Ýë¦í³…^éyæþ$. Ðèþ$*yæþÐèþ }Ææÿ…VæüÆ>Äæý$Ë$ (1642&52) AÆæÿÒsìý Ôèý–…V>Ææÿ ÔéMæü$…™èþË…
Væü$˾Æ>Y, ½§æþÆæÿ$ÝëÓ«©¯èþ…, ™èþ¯èþ Ðèþ$…{†^óþ™èþ º…«¨… ™ðþË$Væü$ Ýëíßý™éÅ°Mìü A™èþyæþ$ ^óþíܯèþõÜÐèþ M>Ææÿ×ý…V> Ðèþ…Ôèýç³# ´ëËMæü$ÌZÏ _ÐèþÇÐéyæþ$. 1652ÌZ ¯ðþË*Ï 6. í³ËÏË Ðèþ${Çí³¯èþ ÒÆæÿ¿æý{§æþ$yæþ$
^èþºyìþ¯èþ çÜ$ÌꢯŒþ Ðèþ$çßýçŠþ A¯óþ ºçßýÐèþ$± Æ>k¯èþ$ Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$ËMæü$ "B…{«§æþ¿Zkyæþ$' A¯èþ² MîüÇ¢ Ææÿ$¯èþ$ Mæü*yé Ðèþ§æþ$Ë$Mö° º…© AÄæý*Åyæþ$. & gñýOÑ$±¿êÆæÿ™èþ…
Ñyìþí³…_, ç³#¯èþ@{糆Úëtí³…_, "Äæý$Ðèþ¯èþ Æ>fÅÝë¦ç³ ËÀ…_…¨. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ çÜÓÄæý$…V> Vöç³µ ç³… Ýë…çÜ–P†Mæü õÜÐèþ : 7. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$&
¯é^éÆæÿ$Åyæþ$' A¯èþ² ¼Ææÿ$§æþ$¯èþ$ çÜ…´ë¨…^éyæþ$. yìþ™èþ$yæþ$. G¯ø² Vöç³µ {Væü…£éËMæü$ {Væü…£æþMæüÆæÿ¢. C™èþ° ÐéçÜ$¢Mæüâæý : BÐèþ$$Mæü¢Ðèþ*Ëŧæþ
3. ´ùÆæÿ$aXçÜ$Ë™ø õܲçßý Jç³µ…§æþ…: ™ðþË$Væü$ ç³Ë$ Ðèþ$àM>ÐéÅÌZÏ JMæüsìý
{Mîü.Ôèý 1510ÌZ Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ AÌŒýº$MŠüÆæÿ$ A¯èþ² 8. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ &

GENERAL AWARENESS
´ùÆæÿ$aXçÜ$ Æ>Äæý$»êÇ™ø çÜ…«¨ ^óþçÜ$Mæü$¯é²yæþ$. ©° gê…ºÐèþ¡ ç³Ç×ýÄæý$…
{ç³M>Ææÿ… ´ùÆæÿ$aXçÜ$ÐéÆæÿ$ ç³ÕaÐèþ*íÜÄæý* Væü${Æ> çÜ…çÜ–P¡¯érMæü…
˯èþ$, Äæý$$§é® °Mìü çÜ…º…«¨…_¯èþ Ðèþ$…§æþ$Væü$…yæþ$ 9. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$&
ÝëÐèþ*{W° MóüÐèþË… ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ ^èþ{MæüÐèþÆæÿ$¢ËMóü Ðèþ$§éÌêçÜ ^èþÇ{™èþ
çÜÆæÿçœÆ> ^ðþÄæý*ÅÍ. ©°Mìü çœÍ™èþ…V> Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþ BÝ릯èþ… AçÙt¨VæüYgêË™ø (G°Ñ$¨ Ðèþ$…¨ ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ Æ>kËM>Ë…ÌZ ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ Ȇ A° 10. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ &
Æ>Äæý$Ë$ ÐéÇ™ø õܲçßýçÜ…º…«§éË$ Mö¯èþÝëWÝë¢yæþ$. Ýëíßý™èþÅÐèþ$*Ææÿ$¢Ë$) ÑËíÜÍÏ…¨. B…{«§æþMæüÑ™é í³™é õ³Ææÿ$´÷…¨¯èþ §óþÐéËÄæý$ °Æ>Ã×ý Ñ«§é¯èþ… ÐðþË$Væü$ gêq¯èþ_…™éÐèþ$×ìý
4. §æþ„ìü×ý ¨WÓfÄæý$Äæý*{™èþ (1510&12): Ðèþ$çßý$yðþO¯èþ AËÏÝë° ò³§æþª¯éÐèþ*™èþ$Åyæþ$ AçÙt¨VæüYgê ÌZMìü Ðè_a…¨. {§éÑyæþ ȆV> í³Ë$Ðèþºyìþ¯é C… 11. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$&
EÐèþ$Ùèþ*¢Ææÿ$ §æþ…yæþ¯éÄæý$Mæü$yðþO¯èþ Væü…VæüÆ>Äæý$° ËÌZ JMæüÆæÿ$. §æþ$ÌZ Mö°² {ç³™óþÅMæü™èþË$¯é²Æÿ$$. EÚëç³Ç×ýÄæý$…
†Ææÿ$Væü$»êr$¯èþ$ A×ý_ÐðþÄæý$ÅrÐóþ$ §æþ„ìü×ý ¨WÓfÄæý$ 6. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë A¯èþ…™èþÆæÿ ç³Ç´ëËMæü$Ë$ (G) AçÜ…RêÅMæü…V> çÜ¢…¿ê˯èþ$, B«§éÆ>˯èþ$ °ÇÃ… 12. AËÏÝë° ò³§æþª¯èþ&
Äæý*{™èþ Ðèþ$$RZŧóþªÔèý…. D ¨WÓfÄæý$Äæý*{™èþ çÜçœË (G) A^èþ$Å™èþ§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ (1529&42) ^èþyæþ…, ÐésìýMìü {´ë«§é¯èþÅ™èþ°ÐèþÓyæþ…, ÐésìýÌZ° çÜ… Ðèþ$¯èþ$^èþÇ{™èþ
Ðèþ$Æÿ$$Å…¨. G…§æþ$Mæü…sôý MóüÐèþË… EÐèþ$Ùèþ*¢Ææÿ$ Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë Mæü°çÙtÝù§æþÆæÿ$yæþ$. íÜ…àçܯ鰲 MìüÏçÙtÐðþ$O¯èþ Õ˵MæüâêÈ™èþ$Ë$ C…§æþ$ÌZ {ç³™óþÅMæü™èþË$. ™ðþË$Væü$ÌZ° Vöç³µ M>ÐéÅÌZÏ JMæüsìý
Ðèþ${™èþÐóþ$M>Mæü$…yé, ò³¯èþ$Vö…yæþ, ÕÐèþçÜÐèþ$${§æþ…, Aõ³„ìü…^óþ C™èþÆæÿ$Ë™ø A…™èþÆæÿ$ŧæþ®… fÇí³¯èþ ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ (¼) ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ {V>Ðèþ*ÌZÏ Ðèþ$$QÅ¿êVæü… VæüÆæÿÂVæü–çßý…. 13. AËÏÝë° ò³§æþª¯èþ &
}Ææÿ…Væüç³rt×ý…, Mæü*Ææÿ$Y, Ðèþ$Ë»êÆæÿ$ Ððþ$$§æþÌñýO¯èþ Æ>gêÅ«¨M>Æ>°² ^óþç³sìýt¯éyæþ$. C…§æþ$ÌZ Ðèþ$$QŧóþÐèþ#yìþ Ñ{Væüà°² {糆íÙt…^óþÐéÆæÿ$. çßýÇMæü£éÝëÆæÿ…
{´ë…™éË°² Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ ÐèþÔèýÐèþ$Äæý*ÅÆÿ$$. (¼) Ððþ…Mæür糆Æ>Äæý$Ë$ (1542&43) (íÜ) AÐèþ$ïŒþ§óþÐéËÄæý$… ¿æýVæüÐèþ…™èþ$° °ÐéçÜ… MøçÜ… 14. ¯èþ…¨†Ðèþ$ïèþ&
§æþ„ìü×ý çÜÐèþ$${§é©ÔèýÓÆæÿ$yæþ$ A¯èþ² ¼Ææÿ$§æþ$¯èþ$ A^èþ$Å™èþ$° _¯èþ² Mæü$Ðèþ*Ææÿ$yðþO¯èþ C™èþyæþ$ ™èþ¯èþ Ðèþ*Ðèþ$ E§óþªÕ…糺yìþ…¨. ´ëÇgê™éç³çßýÆæÿ×ý…
Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ çÜÐèþ$$´ëÇj…^éyæþ$. í³¯èþ™èþ…{yìþ AÆÿ$$¯èþ ´ëËMæüÆ>k †Ææÿ$Ðèþ$Ë ÝëÄæý$…™ø (yìþ) Væü$âæýÏÌZ ÑçÜ–¢™èþ…V> ^ðþMæüPºyìþ¯èþ çÜ¢…¿êË™ø MæüâêÅ×ý 15. Ðèþ*§æþÄæý$V>Ç Ðèþ$Ëϯèþ&
5. ™èþ*Ææÿ$µ ¨WÓfÄæý$ Äæý*{™èþ (1513&17): Æ>gñýO¯é, GMæü$PÐèþ M>Ë… Æ>gêÅ«¨M>Ææÿ… ^óþç³rtÌôýMæü Ðèþ$…yæþ´ëË$ °ÇÃ…^óþÐéÆæÿ$. Æ>fÔóýQÆæÿ ^èþÇ{™èþÐèþ$$
D Äæý*{™èþ {糫§é¯ø§óþªÔèýÅ… JÇÝëÞ §óþÔèýç³# Væüfç³™èþ$Ë ´ùÄæý*Ææÿ$. (C) A…§æþ$ÌZ G™ðþ•¢¯èþ Ðóþ¨Mæü™ø JMæü ºíßýÆæÿ…Væü Ðèþ$…yæþç³… 16. «§æþ*Ææÿjsìý&
B«©¯èþ…ÌZ° Æ>fÅ¿êV>˯èþ$ ÝëÓ«©¯èþç³Ææÿ^èþ$MøÐèþ (íÜ) çܧéÕÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ (1543&70) Ðèþ#…¨. Mö°² {ç³™óþÅMæü çÜ…§æþÆ>ÂÌZÏ ¿æýVæüÐèþ…™èþ$° M>âæýçßýíÜ¢ Ðèþ$à™èþÅÐèþ$$
yæþ…. D §æþ…yæþÄæý*{™èþ I§æþ$ §æþÔèýÌZÏ fÇW…¨. Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ AË$ÏyðþO¯èþ Æ>Ðèþ$Æ>Äæý$Ë M>Ææÿ A…§æþ$ÌZ MöË$Ðèþ# ¡Çayæþ… fÆæÿ$Væü$™èþ$…¨. B çܦ… 17. AÄæý$ÅËÆ>kÆ>Ðèþ$¿æý{§æþ$yæþ$ &
E§æþÄæý$WÇ, Mæü…§æþ$Mæü*Ææÿ$, A§æþª…Mìü, ò³¯èþ$Mö…yæþ, ×ý…V> C™èþyæþ$ íÜ…àçܯ鰲 A«¨íÙt…^éyæþ$. D »êË$ Mæü*yé Ðèþ$$QÅ…V> AÔèýÓçÜÓÆæÿ*´ë°² MæüÍW çÜMæüËÐèþ$™èþ çÜ…{Væüçßý…
»ñýËÏ…Mö…yæþ, ¯éV>Ææÿ$j¯èþMö…yæþ˯èþ$ ÝëÓ«©¯èþ… ^óþçÜ$ Ðèþ$$Væü$YÆæÿ$ ´ëËMæü$Ë M>Ë…ÌZ, A«¨M>Ææÿ… ÐéçÜ¢Ðèþ…V> Ðèþ#…sêÆÿ$$. 18. Æ>Ðèþ$Æ>gê¿æý*çÙ×ý$yæþ$&
MøÐèþyæþ… Ððþ$$§æþsìý§æþÔèý. Mö…yæþÒyæþ$, §é° ç³ÇçÜÆæÿ Æ>Ðèþ$Æ>Äæý$Ë$ ^óþ™èþ$ÌZÏ Ðèþ#…yóþ¨. C™èþyæþ$ çܧé ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ…ÌZ° Ðèþ$$QŧóþÐéËÄæý*Ë$ : ÐèþçÜ$^èþÇ{™èþ
{´ë…™é˯èþ$ ÝëÓ«©¯èþ… Æðÿ…yæþÐèþ§æþÔèý. »ñýfÐéyæþ$, ÕÐèþÆ>Äæý$˯èþ$ º…©° ^óþíÜ, ç³Ç´ë˯髨M> Æ>°² ÑuæÿËÝëÓÑ$, çßýfÆæÿÆ>Ðèþ$ÝëÓÑ$ §óþÐéËÄæý*Ë$ 19. ™ðþ¯éÍÆ>Ðèþ$Í…Væüyæþ$ &
Mö…yæþç³ÍÏ, ÐèþÆæÿ…VæüÌŒý {´ë…™éË ÝëÓ«©¯èþ… Ðèþ$*yæþÐèþ ™èþ¯èþ çßýçÜ¢Væü™èþ… ^óþçÜ$Mæü$¯é²yæþ$. Æ>Ðèþ$Æ>Äæý$Ë$ Mö°² Ðèþ$$QÅÐðþ$O¯èþ E§éçßýÆæÿ×ýË$. ò³O¯èþ õ³ÆöP¯èþ² ´ë…yæþ$Ææÿ…VæüÐèþ$çßý™èþÅ…¬
§æþÔèý. ¯éËYÐèþ§æþÔèý Ðóþ…W, Æ>fÐèþ$õßý…{§æþÐèþÆæÿ…, ºçßýÐèþ$± Æ>fÅç³# `ÍMæü Æ>gêÅËMæü$ A«¨ç³™èþ$ÌñýO¯èþ Ððþ$$§æþsìý §óþÐéËÄæý$… A™èþÅ…™èþÐðþ$O¯èþ ç³#ÚëµÌê…Mæü–™èþ C™èþ° ™ðþ¯éÍ Æ>Ðèþ$Mæü–çÙ$~yæþ$ A° Mæü*yé A…sêÆæÿ$.
´ù™èþ¯èþ*Ææÿ$, íÜ…à^èþÌêË B{MæüÐèþ$×ý. _ÐèþÆæÿV> Ðèþ$çßýÐèþ$éÄæý$ Æ>k˯èþ$ JMæüÇò³O JMæüÇ° AË…MæüÆæÿ×ýMæü$ {ç³íܨ® ^ðþ…¨¯èþ Õ˵MæüâêȆV> 20. í³…Væüã çÜ*Ææÿ¯èþ&
õ³ÆöP¯èþ² {´ë…™éÌZÏ Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ Æ>Äæý$Vøç³# EíÜVö͵, ™èþ¯èþ Æ>gêÅ«¨M>Æ>°² çÜ$íܦÆæÿ… ^óþçÜ$ òœÆæÿ*Y¯èþ¯Œþ õ³ÆöP¯é²Ææÿ$. ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ õ³ÆöP¯èþ§æþW¯èþÑ. Æ>çœ$Ðèþ ´ë…yæþÒÄæý$…
Æ>Ë$, ÑfÄæý$çܦ…»ê˯èþ$ ¯ésìý…^éyæþ$. ÔèýMìü¢Ðèþ… Mæü$¯é²yæþ$. _ÐèþÇMìü ÐéÆæÿ…§æþÆæÿ* HMæüÐðþ$O MóüÐèþË… Æ>Ðèþ$ _§æþ…ºÆæÿ…ÌZ° ™éyìþç³{† §óþÐéËÄæý$…, ´ëÆæÿÓ¡ 21. í³…Væüã çÜ*Ææÿ¯èþ&
™èþÐðþ$O¯èþ òÜO¯éÅ°² Væüfç³™èþ$Ë Æ>f«§é°Äñý$O¯èþ MæürMŠü Æ>Äæý$˯èþ$ Ðèþ*{™èþÐóþ$ M>Mæü$…yé Ððþ$$™èþ¢… ÑfÄæý$ §óþÐéËÄæý$…. M>…`ç³#Ææÿ…ÌZ° ÐèþÆæÿ§æþÆ>fÝëÓÑ$ {糿êÐèþ¡ {糧æþÅÐèþ$Å…
B{MæüÐèþ$×ýMæü$ ç³…í³ Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ Æ>gêÅ°Mìü ¯èþVæüÆæÿ Ýë{Ðèþ*gêÅ°² A…™èþÐðþ$$…¨…^éÆæÿ$. {ç³íܨ® §óþÐéËÄæý$…, HM>…ºÆæÿ¯é£æþ §óþÐéËÄæý$… {ç³íܨ® 22. ѧéÅÆæÿ×ý$Åyæþ$&
†ÇWÐèþ^éayæþ$. I§æþÐèþ§æþÔèý MæürMŠü B{MæüÐèþ$×ý {ç³™éç³ ^ðþ…¨¯èþ "™èþãÏMør' Äæý$$§æþ®…ÌZ ©¯óþ² "º°çßýsìýt' Ìôý§é ^ðþ…¨¯èþ °Æ>Ã×êË$. ^èþ{MæüÐèþÆæÿ$¢Ë$ Ýë{Ðèþ*fÅ…ÌZ° çÜ…X™èþÝëÆæÿÐèþ$$
Ææÿ${§æþ Væüf糆 ÌŸ…Væü$»êr$. C™èþyæþ$ ™èþ¯èþMæü$Ðèþ*Æðÿ¢ Mæü–çÙ~¡Ææÿ…ÌZ° "Æ>„æüíÜ ™èþ…Væüyìþ' Äæý$$§æþ®… A…sêÆæÿ$. ÑÑ«§æþ Æ>fÅ¿êV>˯èþ$ çÜ…§æþÇØ…_¯èþ çÜ…§æþÆæÿÂ…V> 23. ËMîü‡ ¯éÆ>Äæý$×ý$yæþ$&
AÆÿ$$¯èþ A¯èþ²ç³NÆ>~§óþÑ° Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$ËMìü_a {Mîü.Ôèý.1565ÌZ HMæüÐðþ$O¯èþ Ðèþ$çßýÐèþ$éÄæý$ ^èþ{MæüÐèþÆæÿ$¢Ë ÝëÃÆæÿMæü _à²Ë$V> {糆íÙt…_¯èþ Æ>Äæý$Vøç³#Æ>˯èþ² çÜ…X™èþçÜ*ÆøŧæþÄæý$Ðèþ$$
ÑÐéçßý… ^óþÔéyæþ$. {糆çœË…V> Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë$ òÜO¯éÅË$ Æ>Ðèþ$Æ>Äæý$˯èþ$ çßý™èþÐèþ*Ça¯éÆÿ$$. ™èþÐèþ$ õ³Ææÿ$VæüË ÑfÄæý$çܦ…¿êË$ Mæü*yé Ðèþ$$QÅÐðþ$O¯èþÑ. 13 ¯èþ$…yìþ 20 ÐèþÆæÿMæü$ çÜ…º…«¨…_¯èþ
Mæü–Úë~Mæü$ E™èþ¢Ææÿ {´ë…™é˯èþ$ Væüfç³™èþ$Ë ÝëÓ«©¯èþ… çßý–§æþÄæý*Ë$ ™èþ–í³¢ç³yóþr$tV> ™èþÆ>Ó™èþ B òÜO¯éÅË$ D ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆæÿ §óþÐéËÄæý*ÌZÏ° ÑÑ«§æþ °Æ>Ã×ê MæüÐèþ#Ë$ Mæü–çÙ~§óþÐèþÆ>Äæý$Ë AçÙtÐèþ$ ¨VæüYgêËÌZ°
^óþÔéÆæÿ$. ÑfÄæý$¯èþVæüÆ>°² B{MæüÑ$…_, Ë*sîý^óþíÜ §æþVæü®… ËMæü$ çÜ…º…«¨…_¯èþ Mö™èþ¢ M>ÆæÿÅ{MæüÐèþ*Ë$ ^óþç³rtyæþ… ÐéÆæÿ$.
6. {Mîü.Ôèý. 1520ÌZ ½gêç³NÆŠÿ Æ>fÅ…ò³O Æðÿ…yæþÐèþÝëÇ ^óþÔéÆÿ$$. Æ>Ðèþ$Æ>Äæý$Ë Ýù§æþÆæÿ$yðþO¯èþ †Ææÿ$Ðèþ$Ë {糆 ÑçÙÄæý*°² çÜÐèþ$–¨®ç³Ææÿ^èþyæþ… Mö°² BçÜMìü¢
10 OÐðlG-‹Ü-B-ÆŠ‡ h-ÌêÏ l º$«§ýlÐéÆý‡… l
AMøtºÆŠæ l 17 l 2018 Send your Feedback to vidya@sakshi.com
ѧýlÅ
G.Ñ.çÜ$«§éMýSÆŠ‡
çÜ»ñæjMýS$t °ç³#×æ$Ë$,
yîlG¯ŒæBÆŠæ fyîlµòßæ^ŒlG‹Ü, ´÷§ýlËMýS*Æý‡$,
¯ðlË*ÏÆý‡$ hÌêÏ Ý÷…™èl BÌZ^èl¯]lË™ø¯ól {ç³Ô¶æ²ËMýS$ çÜÐ]l*«§é¯éË$!
Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS-¯]l-Ð]l$…sôæ MóSÐ]lË… ç³È-„ýSË$ ò³rtyýl… ç³#çÜ¢-M>Ë$ G…™ø ™øyýlµ-yýl-™éƇ¬. °Æ>Ã-×ê-™èlÃMýS
Ð]l*{™èl-Ðól$-M>§ýl$. ĶæÊ°sŒæ, rÆŠ‡Ã ç³È-„ýSË õ³Æý‡$™ø Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS-¯]l…ÌZ í³ËÏË$ Ý÷…™èl…V> Æ>Ķæ$- ■
ç³ÇÖÍ…^ólÌê {ç³Ô¶æ²ç³{™é°² Æý‡*´÷…¨Ýë¢Æý‡$.
ѧéÅÆý‡$¦Ë$ fÐéº$˯]l$ Ý÷…™èl…V>
G糚yø JMýS-ÝëÇ Ñ§éÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë ÝëÐ]l$-Æ>¦Å-˯]l$ ç³Ç-Ö- yé°² Ð]l$¨…-ç³#-^ól-Ýë¢Æý‡$. BÌZ_…_ Æ>õÜ Ñ«§ýl…V> {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$…sêƇ¬.
Í…-^èlyýl… Ð]lËÏ ÐéÇ A¿¶æÅ-çÜ-¯]lMýS$ A¨ HÑ-«§ýl…V> {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë¯]l$ AÐ]lV>çßæ¯]l ^ólçÜ$MýS$…sôæ¯ól çÜÐ]l*«§é-
çÜà-Ķæ$-ç³-yýl§ýl$. Oò³V> D Ñ«§ýl-OÐðl$¯]l ç³È„ýS 糧ýl®† Æ>™èl-ç³° °Æý‡Ó-íßæ…-^èlyýl… ¯é˯]l$ çÜ$Ë$Ð]l#V> Æ>Ķæ$VýSËÆý‡$.
í³ËÏË$ H çÜÐ]l*-^é-Æ>°² G…™èl Ð]lÆý‡MýS$ VýS$Æý‡$¢-ò³-r$t- ■ {糆 ѧéÅǦ ¯ør$ ç³#çÜ¢-M>°² Ñ«¨V> °Æý‡Ó- ■ ´ëuý‡Åç³#çÜ¢MýS…ÌZ° "A¿¶æÅçܯ]l¯]l$ Ððl$Æý‡$VýS$ç³-
Mø-VýS-Í-V>Æø ç³È-„ìS-çÜ$¢…¨ ™èlç³µ ÐéÇ ÑÀ¯]l² ÝëÐ]l$- íßæ…-^éÍ. Æý‡^èl$MýS$…§é…' ÖÇÛMý MìS…§ýl C_a¯]l {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë¯]l$
Æ>¦Å-˯]l$ ™ðlË$-çÜ$-Mø-Ð]l-yé-°MìS Eç³-Äñæ*-VýS-ç³-yýl§ýl$. ■ ĶæÊ°-sŒæ-ÐéÈ MîSËMýS, ¯]l*™èl¯]l 糧é-˯]l$ Ķæ$£é™èl£ýl…V> M>MýS$…yé ´ëu>°MìS çÜ…º…-
M>ºsìæt í³ËÏË {ç³VýS-†° °Æý‡…-™èlÆý‡…, çÜÐ]l$-{VýS…V> A…§ýl$ÌZ Æ>Ķæ*Í. C¨ ÑçÙ-Ķæ*-Ð]l-V>-çßæ-¯]lMýS$, «¨…_¯]l ¿êÐ]l¯]lË B«§éÆý‡…V> A¯]l$Ð]lÆý‡¢¯]l
Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… ^ólĶæ*-ÍÞ¯]l AÐ]l-çÜÆý‡… E…§ýl° Ý÷…™èl…V> çÜÐ]l*-«§é-¯éË$ Æ>Ķæ$-yé-°MìS Eç³- Æý‡*ç³…ÌZ CÝë¢Æý‡$. JMýSÝëÇ ç³È„ýSÌZ Ð]l_a¯]l
VýS$Ç¢…-_¯]l Æ>çÙ‰ {糿¶æ$™èlÓ… BÆý‡$ ¯]l$…_ 糧ø ™èlÆý‡- Äñæ*-VýS-ç³-yýl$-™èl$…¨. {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$ A§ól Æý‡*ç³…ÌZ ç³#¯]lÆ>Ð]l–™èl… M>Ð]l#.
VýS† Ð]lÆý‡MýS$ °Æý‡…-™èlÆý‡ çÜÐ]l${VýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… (ïÜ-ïÜ- ■ {糆 ĶæÊ°-sŒæÌZ "A-¿¶æÅ-çÜ-¯é°² Ððl$Æý‡$-VýS$-ç³-Æý‡- B ¿êÐ]l¯]l B«§éÆý‡…V> {ç³Ô¶æ²¯]l$ Ð]l*Ça CÝë¢Æý‡$.
D) Ñ«§é-¯]l…ÌZ ç³È-„ýSË$ °Æý‡Ó-íßæ-Ýù¢…¨. ^èl$-MýS$…-§é…' ÖÇÛMýS MìS…§ýl C_a¯]l {ç³Ô¶æ²-ËMýS$ fÐé- ■ ѧéÅ {ç³Ð]l*×êË ÐðlƇ¬sôægŒæ B«§éÆý‡…V>
º$-˯]l$ ¯øsŒæ-º$-MŠSÞÌZ Ý÷…™èl…V> BÌZ-_…_ ¯éË$VýS$ Æý‡M>Ë {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë¯]l$ Æý‡*´÷…¨Ýë¢Æý‡$.
80 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-ËMóS ç³È„ýS Æ>Ķæ*Í. „>Æ>Ë$ & ËÐ]l×êË$, ç³Æý‡Ð]l*×æ$ °Æ>Ã×æ…, AÑ... 1) ÐéÅçÜÆý‡*ç³ {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$, 2) Ë眬
sñ毌l¢ ç³¼ÏMŠS ç³È-„ýSÌZÏ Ñ§éÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë$ 80 Ð]l*Æý‡$P- ÌZçß æçÜ…{VýSçßæ×æ Ô>ç܈… A«§éÅĶæ*Ë ¯]l$…_ {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$, 3) çÜÓ˵ çÜÐ]l*«§é¯]l {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$,
ËMóS ç³È-„ýSË$ Æ>Ýë¢Æý‡$. Ñ$W-ͯ]l 20 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-˯]l$ Æ>™èl-ç³° Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS-¯]l…ÌZ ç³Ç-VýS-×ìæ…-^ólÑ
E´ë-«§éÅ-Ķæ¬Ë$ A…™èl-Æý‡Y™èl (°-Æ>Ã-×ê-™èlÃ-MýS) ■ ç³#çÜ¢-MýS…ÌZ E¯]l²¨ E¯]l²-r$ÏV> M>MýS$…yé 糧ø ç³sêË$ AyýlVö^èl$a.
ѧéÅÆý‡$¦Ë$ VýS$Æý‡$¢…^èl$MøÐéÍÞ¯]lÑ
4) ºçßæ$Oâñæ_eMýS {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$.

糨 {VóSyŠl ´ëƇ¬…r$Ï Ý뫨…^éË…sôæ


Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… §éÓÆ> MýSË$-ç³#-™éÆý‡$. E¡¢-Æý‡~™èl Ý÷…™èl…V> Æ>íÜ-¯]lO§ðl E…yéÍ.
°º…-«§ýl-¯]l¯]l$ ç³Ç-Ö-ÍõÜ¢ íßæ…© Ñ$¯]là Ñ$W-ͯ]l ■ AÐ]l-çÜ-Æý‡-OÐðl$-¯]l-^ør »ŸÐ]l$ÃË$ XíÜ E…yéÍ.
çÜ»ñæj-MŠStÞMýS$ Æ>™èl ç³È-„ýSÌZ 28 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ MýS_a-™èl…V> ■ 糧éË$, ÐéM>ÅË$ AÆý‡¦-Ð]l…-™èl…V>, ¿êÚë
™èlÆý‡VýS† ■ ç³Æý‡Ð]l*×æ$ °Æ>Ã×æ…, Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l º…«§ýl…,
M>…† ç³Æ>Ð]lÆý‡¢¯]l…, M>…† Ð]l{MîS¿¶æÐ]l¯]l…,
■ ïÜïÜD Ñ«§é¯]l…ÌZ° ç³È„ýSÌZ ç³NÇ¢Ýë¦Æ‡¬
Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ Ý뫨…^éË…sôæ {ç³Äñæ*VýSÔ>Ë,
Æ>ÐéÍ. A…™èl-Æý‡Y™èl Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS-¯]l…ÌZ çÜ$¯é²
Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ Ð]l_a¯é Æ>™èl ç³È-„ýSÌZ 35 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$
§øÚëË$ ÌôæMýS$…yé E…yéÍ. íœhMýSÌŒæ OòܯŒæÞ Ñ§ýl$Å™Œl {ç³Ðéçßæ…, M>Æý‡¾¯Œl & §é° çÜÐól$Ãâ¶æ-
¯éË$, ѧýl$ŧýlĶæ$ÝëP…™èl™èlÓ… Ð]l…sìæ Ððl¬§ýl- ■
Ý뫧éÆý‡×æ MýS–™éÅ˯]l$ °Æý‡Óíßæ…^éÍ.
EçÙ~…, M>…†, ç³Æý‡Ð]l*×æ$ °Æ>Ã×æ…, Ð]lÊË-
Ð]lõÜ¢ ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë$ E¡¢-Æý‡$~-OÌñæ-¯]lsôæÏ. 3. {´ëgñæMýS$t 糯]l$Ë$ OÌñæ¯]l ^éç³tÆý‡ÏOò³ ѧéÅÆý‡$¦Ë$ GMýS$PÐ]lV> §ýl–íÙt M>Ë Ð]lÈYMýSÆý‡×æ, Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l º…«§ýl…, ѧýl$Å™Œl
ÒsìæMìS 10 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ MóSsê-Ƈ¬…-^éÆý‡$. ´ëuý‡Å {ç³™ólÅMýS… ÝëÇ…^éÍ. {ç³Ðéçßæ…, ѧýl$ŧýlĶæ$ÝëP…™èl™èlÓ…, M>Æý‡¾¯Œl &
íœh-MýSÌŒæ OòܯŒlÞMýS$ çÜ…º…-«¨…_ ç³#çÜ¢-MýS…-ÌZ° {´ëgñæ-MýS$tÌôæ M>MýS$…yé, Ý린MýS Ð]l¯]l- ■ Ð]l*¯]lÐ]l#yìl MýS¯]l$² & Æý‡…VýS$Ë {ç³ç³…^èl… A¯ól §é° çÜÐól$Ãâ¶æ¯éË$ A¯ól A«§éÅĶæ*˯]l$
OòܯŒlÞ çÜ»ñæj-MŠSt¯]l$ ç³Ç-Ö-ÍõÜ¢ Ððl¬™èl¢… 100 Æý‡$Ë$, AÐ]l-çÜ-Æ>-˯]l$ §ýl–íÙtÌZ E…^èl$-Mö° E´ë- A«§éÅĶæ*°² iÐ]lÔ>ç܈ ´ëuý‡Åç³#çÜ¢M>°MìS „ýS$×æ²…V> ^èl§ýlÐéÍ.
Ð]l*Æý‡$PÌZÏ f¯]l-Æý‡ÌŒæ OòܯŒlÞ õ³ç³-ÆŠ‡-&1 (íœ-h-MýSÌŒæ «§éÅ-Ķæ¬yýl$ C^óla {´ëgñæ-MýS$t-˯]l$ MýS*yé ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë$ A¯]lÓƇ¬çÜ*¢ ¯ólÆý‡$aMøÐéÍ. D A«§éÅĶæ*°² ■ A°² A«§éÅĶæ*ÌZÏ° {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë°²…sìæOò³ ç³NÇ¢-
OòܯŒæÞ)MìS 50 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$, f¯]l-Æý‡-ÌŒæ-OòܯŒlÞ õ³ç³-ÆŠ‡-&2 ç³NÇ¢ ^ólĶæ*Í. ´ëuý‡…ÌZ C_a¯]l MýS–™éÅË$ {´ëgñæ- ѧéÅ {ç³Ð]l*×êË$ ¿êÆý‡™èlÓ… Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ ç³NÇ¢Ýë¦Æ‡¬ÌZ AÐ]lV>çßæ¯]l ^ólçÜ$MøÐ]lyé°MìS Ýë¦Æ‡¬ÌZ AÐ]lV>çßæ¯]l ò³…´÷…¨…^èl$MøÐéÍ.
(º-Ķæ*-Ë-i-)MìS 50 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ MóSsê-Ƈ¬…-^éÆý‡$. MýS$tË$ M>Ð]l#. {´ëgñæ-MýS$tÌZ ¿êVýS…V> JMýS çÜÐ]l$çÜÅ ç³Ç- ÑçÙĶæ*Ð]lV>çßæ¯]l 40% 16 ѧéÅÆý‡$¦Ë$ §ýlVýSYÆý‡ÌZ° MýS…sìæ OÐðl§ýl$Åyýl$ Ìôæ§é ■ EçÙ~…, ÌZçß æçÜ…{VýSçßæ×æ Ô>{çÜ¢…, BÐ]l*ÏË$&-
íœh-MýSÌŒæ OòܯŒæÞ- õ³ç³-ÆŠ‡ÌZ 50 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-Ë-MýS$-V>¯]l$ 40 ÚëPÆý‡… MøçÜ… ÐólÆó‡ÓÆý‡$ Ý뫧ýl-¯é-˯]l$ Eç³-Äñæ*- {ç³Õ²…^èlyýl… & ç³ÇMýS˵¯]l ^ólĶæ$yýl… 10% 4 B¸ë¢ÍÃMŠS AíÜòÜt…sŒæ¯]l$ çÜ…{糨…_ „>Æ>Ë$&ËÐ]l×êË$, Æý‡ÝëĶæ$°MýS ^èlÆý‡ÅË$&-
Ð]l*Æý‡$P-˯]l$ Æ>™èl ç³È„ýS §éÓÆ>, Ñ$W-ͯ]l 10 W…_ çÜÐ]l*-^é-Æ>°² õÜMýS-Ç…-^éÍ. §é°² ÑÔóæÏ-íÙ…- {ç³Äñæ*V>Ë$&„óS{™èl ç³ÇÖ˯]lË$ 15% 6 çÜ…§ólà˯]l$ °Ð]l–†¢ ^ólçÜ$MøÐ]l^èl$a. Æý‡M>Ë$, Ð]lÊËM>Ë Ð]lÈYMýSÆý‡×æ, M>Æý‡¾¯Œl §é°
Ð]l*Æý‡$P-˯]l$ A…™èl-Æý‡Y™èl Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… §éÓÆ> ^éÍ. _Ð]l-Æý‡V> JMýS °Æ>®-Æý‡-×æMýS$ Æ>ÐéÍ. D çÜÐ]l*^éÆý‡ O¯ðlç³#×êÅË$&{´ëgñæMýS$t 糯]l$Ë$ 15% 6 ■ EçÙ~…, M>…† ç³Æ>Ð]lÆý‡¢¯]l… A«§éÅĶæ*ËOò³ çÜÐól$Ãâ¶æ¯éË$, M>…†, ѧýl$Å™Œl {ç³Ðéçßæ…
MóSsê-Ƈ¬-Ýë¢Æý‡$. Ððl¬™èl¢… {ç³{MìS-Ķæ$¯]l$ ç³sìæt-MýSË$, {V>‹œË$, ç³sêË$ »ŸÐ]l$ÃË$ XĶæ$yýl… §éÓÆ> ¿êÐ]l {ç³ÝëÆý‡… 10% 4 ç³NÇ¢Ýë¦Æ‡¬ ç³r$t Ý뫨…^éË…sôæ VýS×ìæ™èl…ÌZ° ™èl¨™èlÆý‡ A«§éÅĶæ*ÌZÏ° A…Ô>Ë$ çÜ$Ë$Ð]l#V>
Eç³-Äñæ*-WçÜ*¢ °Ðól-¨-MýSV> Æý‡*´÷…-¨…-^éÍ. Ð]l˜ÍMýS ¿êÐ]l¯]lË$ ™ðlÍíÜ E…yéÍ. AÆý‡¦Ð]l$Ð]l#™éƇ¬. M>ºsìæt ÒsìæÌZ° A°²
°Æ>Ã-×ê-™èlÃMýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… {´ëgñæMýS$t 糯]l$Ë$ Ý뫧é-Æý‡-×æ…V> 2 Æý‡M>Ë$. AÑ 1.
Ýû…§ýlÆ>Å™èlÃMýS çܵ–çßæ&ÑË$Ð]lË$&{ç³Ô¶æ…çÜ 10% 4
■ Ð]lÊËM>Ë Ð]lÈYMýSÆý‡×æ, {VýS*ç³#Ë$, ï³ÇĶæ$yŠl- ¿êÐ]l¯]l˯]l$ „ýS$×æ²…V> ¯ólÆý‡$aMøÐéÍ.
™èlÆý‡-VýS† VýS¨ÌZ fÇVóS ^èlÆý‡aË$, í³ËÏË çÜÐ]l*- ç³°-^ólõÜ Ìôæ§é °Æý‡Ó-íßæ…^ól çÜ¿¶æ$ÅË çÜ…Qů]l$ ºsìæt ÌZ° Ð]lÊËM>˯]l$ VýS$Æý‡$¢…^èl$MøÐéÍ. ■ {糆 A«§éÅĶæ$…ÌZ° °Æý‡Ó^èl¯éË$, çÜ*{™éË$,
«§é-¯éË$, í³ËÏË$ Æ>íܯ]l ¯ør$ ç³#çÜ¢-M>Ë$, ™èlÆý‡-VýS† E…yól {´ëgñæ-MýS$tË$ 2. {´ëgñæMýS$t çÜÓ¿ê-Ðé-°²-ºsìæt íÜ˺‹Ü ÑÔóæÏçÙ×æ ■ Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l ^èlÆý‡ÅË$&çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ A¯ól {´ë£ýlÑ$MýS ¿êÐ]l¯]l˯]l$ ¯ólÆý‡$aMøÐ]lyýl… Ð]lËÏ
ç³°, C…sìæ ç³°, {´ëgñæMŠSt 糯]l$Ë$, {ç³Äñæ*-VýS-Ô>Ë E…yólÑ. sñ毌l¢ ¿o†MýS, Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l Ô>ç܈…ÌZ Ððl¬™èl¢… 14 A«§éÅĶæ$…ÌZ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×ê˯]l$ ™èl$ËÅ… ^ólĶæ$- çÜÓ˵ çÜÐ]l*«§é¯]l {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$, ¼sŒæÞMýS$ çÜ$Ë$Ð]l#V>
糯]l$Ë$ Ððl¬§ýl-OÌñæ-¯]l-Ðésìæ B«§é-Æý‡…V> í³ËÏË$ HÑ$, A«§éÅĶæ*Ë$¯é²Æ‡¬. AÑ.. 1. EçÙ…~ , 2. yýl… Ð]l¬QÅ…. ©°² GMýS$PÐ]lV> {´ëMîSt‹Ü çÜÐ]l*«§é¯éË$ Æ>Äñæ¬^èl$a.
GÌê ¯ólÆý‡$a-MýS$…-r$-¯é²Æø E´ë-«§éÅ-Ķæ¬Ë$ {´ëgñæMýS$t °Ðól-¨-MýSÌZ E…yé-ÍÞ¯]l A…Ô>Ë$ Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l ^èlÆý‡ÅË$&çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$ 3. M>…† ^ólĶæ*Í. Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l ^èlÆý‡ÅË$ & Æý‡M>Ë$ A¯ól ■ »êÏ‹Üt MöÍÑ$, ÇÐ]lÆý‡¾Æó‡rÈ MöÍÑ$, HïÜ, yîlïÜ
A…^èl¯é ÐólÝë¢Æý‡$. ©¯ól² °Æ>Ã-×ê-™èlÃMýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS- ■ {´ëgñæMýS$t õ³Æý‡$, çÜÐ]l$-çÜÅ-/-{ç³Ô¶æ², Ë„>ÅË$, G…- ç³Æ>Ð]lÆý‡¢¯]l… 4. BÐ]l*ÏË$&„>Æ>Ë$&ËÐ]l×êË$ 5. A…Ô>°² ç³NÇ¢Ýë¦Æ‡¬ÌZ ¯ólÆý‡$aMøÐéË…sôæ f¯]lÆó‡rÆý‡$Ï, ѧýl$Å™Œl Ððl*sêÆŠ‡, G‹Ü, í³, yìl
¯]l… A…sêÆý‡$. C…§ýl$ÌZ {糫§é-¯]l…V> ¯éË$VýS$ ^èl$-Mö¯ól Ý뫧ýl-¯éË$, A«§ýlÅ-Ķæ$¯]l 糧ýl®†, ç³sìæt- çÜÐ]l$™èlË Eç³Ç™èlÌêË Ð]l§ýlª M>…† Ð]l{MîS¿¶æÐ]l¯]l… 6. {ç³Äñæ*VýS MýS–™éÅË$ ™èlç³µ°çÜÇV> ^ólĶæ*Í. BǾsêâ¶æÏ BMýS–™èl$Ë$, Ð]l*Ƈ¬ËÆŠ‡ _{™èl…,
Æý‡M>Ë Ý뫧ýl-¯é-˯]l$ Eç³-Äñæ*-W…-^éÍ. MýSË$, Ð]l¬W…ç³#, Eç³-Äñæ*-W…-_¯]l Ð]l¯]l-Æý‡$Ë$ Ð]l{MýS™èlÌêË Ð]l§ýlª M>…† Ð]l{MîS¿¶æÐ]l¯]l… 7. Ð]l*¯]lÐ]l#° ■ Ð]lÊËM>Ë Ð]lÈYMýSÆý‡×æ, ÌZçßæ çÜ…{VýSçßæ×æ ѧýl$Å™Œ ÑÔóæÏçÙ×æ ^èl*õ³ ç³r…, BÐ]l$Ï {§éÐ]l-
1) {ç³Äñæ*-VýS-Ô>Ë ç³¯]l$Ë$ MýS¯]l$² & Æý‡…VýS$Ë {ç³³ç …^èl… 8. ç³Æý‡Ð]l*×æ$ Ô>ç܈…, M>Æý‡¾¯Œl §é° çÜÐól$Ãâ¶æ¯éË$ A¯ól ×æ…ÌZ ѧýl$Å™Œl {糿êÐ]l… ^èl*õ³ ç³r…,
(10 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-Ë$) {´ëgñæMýS$t °Ðól-¨MýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… °Æ>Ã×æ… 9. Ð]lÊËM>Ë Ð]lÈYMýSÆý‡×æ& BÐ]lÆý‡¢¯]l A…Ô>ÌZÏ ¯]l*™èl¯]l çÜÐ]l*^éÆý‡… MøçÜ… M>…†MìS çÜ…º…««¨…_¯]l MìSÆý‡×æ Æó‡Rê_{™éË$,
2) Æ>™èl A…Ô>Ë$ (¯ør$ ç³#çÜ¢-M>Ë$, C…sìæ-ç³° ■ {´ëgñæ-MýS$tMýS$ íܧýl®… M>Ð]lyýl…, {´ëgñæMýS$t °Æý‡Ó-çßæ×æ ç³sìætMýS 10. Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l º…«§ýl… 11. ѧýl$Å™Œl C…rÆð‡²sŒæ ÝëĶæ$… ¡çÜ$MøÐéÍ. EÚë~°MìS çÜ…º…«¨…_¯]l _{™éË$, Ð]l*¯]lÐ]l#°
Ððl¬§ýl-OÌñæ-¯]l-Ñ) (10 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-Ë$) & 3 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ {ç³Ðéçßæ… 12. ѧýl$ŧýlĶæ$ÝëP…™èl™èlÓ… 13. ■ BÐ]l*ÏË$ & „>Æ>Ë$ & ËÐ]l×êË$ A¯ól MýS¯]l$² ç³sê˯]l$ ¯ólÆý‡$aMøÐéÍ.
3) {´ëgñæMýS$t 糯]l$Ë$ (10 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-Ë$) ■ {´ëgñæMýS$t °Ðól-¨MýS & 5 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ ÌZçßæ çÜ…{VýSçßæ×æ Ô>ç܈… 14. M>Æý‡¾¯Œl&§é° ´ëu>Å…Ô¶æ…Oò³ ç³r$t Ý뫨…^éË…sôæ BĶæ* ■ í³ËÏÌZÏ° çÜ–f¯é™èlÃMýS™èl, ÑË$Ð]lË$,
4) Ë眬 ³ ç È„ýS (20 Ð]l*Æý‡$P-Ë$) ■ °Ðól-¨-MýSOò³ ^èlÆý‡a, Ð]l*sêÏ-yýlr…&2 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ çÜÐól$Ãâ¶æ¯éË$. ÑçÙĶæ*˯]l$ °f iÑ™èl A…Ô>Ë™ø Ýû…§ýlÆ>Å™èlÃMýS çܵ–çßæ Ððl¬§ýlOÌñæ¯]l A…Ô>˯]l$
■ sñ毌l¢ ç³¼ÏMŠS ç³È„ýSÌZ ¿o†MýS Ô>ç܈… ¯]l$…_ GMýS$P- A¯]lÓƇ¬…^èl$MøÐéÍ. A…^èl¯é ÐólõÜÌê {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë¯]l$ Æý‡*´÷…¨Ýë¢Æý‡$.
1. {ç³Äñæ*-VýS-Ô>Ë ç³¯]l$Ë$ 4. Ë眬 ç³È„ýS Ð]lV> ¿ôæ§éË$ Æ>Ķæ$yýl…, E§éçßæÆý‡×æË §éÓÆ> A…§ýl$Ð]lËÏ {糆 ѧéÅǦ Ý÷…™èl…V>
ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë$ {ç³Äñæ*-V>Ë$ ^ólõÜ çÜÐ]l$-Ķæ$…ÌZ ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦-ËMýS$ ´ëu>Å…Ô¶æ… H Ðól$Æý‡MýS$ AÆý‡¦-Ð]l$- ÑÐ]lÇ…^èlyýl…, VýS×æ¯]lËMýS$ çÜ…º…«¨…_¯]lÑ, {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë çÜÓ¿êÐ]l… BÌZ_…_ çÜÐ]l*«§é¯éË$ Æ>õÜÌê {´ëMîSt‹Ü
ç³Ç-MýS-Æ>Ë AÐ]l$-ÇMýS, Ðésìæ° Eç³-Äñæ*-W…-^èl-yýl…ÌZ Ƈ¬…§ø ™ðlË$-çÜ$-Mø-Ð]l-yé-°MìS.. °Æó‡ª-Õ…-_¯]l çÜÐ]l$- M>Æý‡×æ çÜ…º…«§ýl çœÍ™éË$ ™ðlËç³yýl…, ■ ïÜïÜD Ñ«§é¯]l…ÌZ A°² ´ëu>Å…Ô>ËMýS$ ^ólĶæ*Í.
{糧ýl-ÇØ…-_¯]l O¯ðlç³#×æÅ…, {ç³Äñæ*VýS ç³Ç-Ö-˯]l, Ķæ$…ÌZ M>MýS$…yé, H çÜÐ]l$-Ķæ$…-ÌZ-O¯ðl¯é °Æý‡Ó- MìSÆý‡×æÆó‡Rê _{™éË$ XĶæ$yýl…, E™éµ§ýl¯]lË$, çÜÐ]l${´ë«§é¯]lÅ… E…r$…¨. çœÌê¯é ´ëuý‡… ■ BĶæ* A…Ô>ËMýS$ çÜ…º…«¨…_ A¯ólMýS Æý‡M>Ë
¯]lÐðl*§ýl$ ^ólõÜ Ñ«§é¯]l…, çœÍ-™é-˯]l$ ÑÔóæÏ-íÙ…_ íßæ…^ól ³ç È-„ýS¯]l$ Ë眬 ³ç È„ýS A…sêÆý‡$. C¨ 20 A¯]l$Ð]lÆý‡¢¯éË$, Eç³Äñæ*V>Ë$, {ç³Äñæ*VýS ¯]l$…_ °È~™èl {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$, °Æó‡ªÕ™èl Ñ«§é¯]l…ÌZ {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë¯]l$ ѧéÅÆý‡$¦Ìôæ Æý‡*´÷…¨…^èl$MøÐéÍ.
°Æ>®-Æý‡-×æMýS$ Æ>Ð]lyýl… ™èl¨™èlÆý‡ A…Ô>-Ë-°²…-sìæ± Ð]l*Æý‡$P-ËMýS$ E…r$…¨. ¯ðlËÌZ HO§ðl¯é ï³Ç-Ķæ$- MýS–™éÅË$ Ððl¬§ýlOÌñæ¯]l A…Ô>ËMýS$ çÜ…º…«¨…_¯]l Ð]lÝë¢Ä¶æ$¯ól Ñ¿¶æf¯]l E…yýl§ýl$. ѧéÅ {ç³Ð]l*- C…§ýl$MøçÜ… E´ë«§éÅĶæ¬Ë ÝëĶæ$…
E´ë-«§éÅ-Ķæ¬yýl$ ç³Ç-Ö-Í…-^éÍ. OòܯŒlÞÌZ {ç³Äñæ*- yŠlÌZ 45 °Ñ$-ÚëË Ð]lÅÐ]l-«¨ÌZ °Æý‡Ó-íßæ…-^éÍ. ©°- {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$ Ð]lÝë¢Æ‡¬. ×ê˯]l$ ѧéÅÆý‡$¦Ë$ G…™èl Ð]lÆý‡MýS$ Ý뫨…^éÆø ¡çÜ$MøÐéÍ.
V>Ë$ ™èlç³µ-°-çÜÇ M>ºsìæt ÌêÅ»Œæ ÇM>-Æý‡$z-˯]l$ MøçÜ… ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë$ 200 õ³iË Ìê…VŠS-¯øsŒæ ■ Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l Ô>ç܈…ÌZ M>Ó…rÐŒl$ çÜ…QÅË$,

Æ>Ķæ*Í. E§ólªÔ¶æ…, M>Ðé-ÍÞ¯]l ç³Ç-MýS-Æ>-Ë$-/-Æý‡-Ýë- º$MŠS¯]l$ Eç³-Äñæ*-W…-^éÍ. ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë$ ¯ólÆý‡$a-MýS$¯]l² GË{M>t¯Œl ѯéÅÝëË$, A×æ$Ð]l#Ë °Æ>Ã×æ…,
Ķæ$-¯éË$, ¡çÜ$-Mø-Ðé-ÍÞ¯]l gê{VýS-™èl¢Ë$, {ç³Äñæ*VýS ÑçÙ-Ķæ*-˯]l$ ç³Ç-Ö-Í…-^ól-¨V> M>MýS$…yé, ѧéÅ IĶæÊï³HïÜ ¯éÐ]l$MýSÆý‡×æ Ñ«§é¯]l…, ç³Æý‡Ð]l*×æ$
Ñ«§é¯]l…, ¯]lÐðl*§ýl$, çœÍ-™éË ÑÔóæÏ-çÙ×æ, Ý뫧é-Æý‡-×îæ- {ç³Ð]l*-×êË Ý뫧ýl-¯]l¯]l$ Ððl$Æý‡$-VýS$-ç³-Æý‡-^èl$-Mø-Ð]l-yé-°MìS «§ýlÆ>ÃË BÐ]lÆý‡¢¯]l {MýSÐ]l$…, ÌZçßæçÜ…{VýSçßæ×æ Current Affairs Mobile App
MýS-Æý‡×æ Ððl¬§ýl-OÌñæ-¯]lÑ ÌêÅ»Œæ ÇM>-ÆŠ‡zÞÌZ E…yéÍ. §øçßæ-§ýl-ç³-yól-¨V> Ë眬 ç³È„ýS E…yéÍ. Ñ«§é¯]l…, ï³òßæ^Œl ÑË$Ð]lË$, Æý‡ÝëĶæ$°MýS
ÒsìæMìS çÜ…º…-«¨…_ MóSsê-Ƈ¬…-_¯]l 10 Ð]l*Æý‡$PÌZÏ ^èlÆý‡ÅË$ & Æý‡M>Ë$, ™èl$ËÅ çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$, Updated Version
{ç³Äñæ*VýS… °Æý‡Ó-íßæ…-_¯]l 糧ýl®-†MìS 4 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$, çÜ…{VýS-çßæ-×ê-™èlÃMýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… ç³Æý‡Ð]l*×æ$ íܧ鮅™éË$, çÜ…MýSÈMýSÆý‡×æ…, BÐ]l$Ï,
{ç³Äñæ*-VýS-Ô>Ë ÇM>-Æý‡$z-ËMýS$ 6 Ð]l*Æý‡$PË$ MóSsê-Ƈ¬…- »Z«§ýl-¯é-¿¶æÅ-çܯ]l {ç³{MìS-Ķæ$Ë §éÓÆ> ѧéÅǦ „>Æý‡ ËÐ]l×êË Eç³Äñæ*V>Ë$, A×æ$Ð]l#Ë$, Daily, Weekly, Monthly Updates and Bit banks
^éÍ. ¯ólÆý‡$a-MýS$¯]l² A…Ô>-˯]l$ Ððl¬™èl¢…V> Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… BMýS–™èl$Ë$, Ððl¬§ýlOÌñæ¯]l A…Ô>ËMýS$ Also Find
^ólĶæ$-yé°² çÜ…{VýS-çßæ-×ê-™èlÃMýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS¯]l… çÜ…º…«¨…_¯]l {ç³Ô¶æ²Ë$ GMýS$PÐ]lV> Ð]l^óla General Essays, General Knowledge and Jobs
2. Æ>™èl 糯]l$-Ë$ -&- ¯ør$ ç³#çÜ¢-M>Ë$ A…sêÆý‡$. MøÆý‡$Þ -Ððl¬™èl¢… Ìôæ§é °ÇªçÙt ´ëuý‡Å-{ç³-×ê- AÐ]lM>Ô¶æ… E…¨.
AÐ]l-V>-çßæ¯]l ^ólçÜ$-MýS$¯]l² A…Ô>-˯]l$ Ý÷…™èl ãMýS ç³NÆý‡¢-Ƈ¬¯]l ™èlÆ>Ó™èl ѧéÅ-Æý‡$¦Ë Ý뫧ýl-¯]l¯]l$ ç³È- ■ ¿o†MýS Ô>ç܈…ÌZ M>…†, ѧýl$ŧýlĶæ$ÝëP…-

Ð]l*rÌZÏ Ð]lÅMîS¢-MýS-Ç…-^èl-yé-°MìS, ¿êÐé°² Íü™èl „ìS…^ól 糧ýl®† C¨. çÜ…{VýS-çßæ-×ê-™èlÃMýS Ð]lÊÌêÅ…-MýS- ™èl™èlÓ… A«§éÅĶæ*Ë ¯]l$…_ ç³sê˯]l$ AyìlVóS SAKSHI EDUCATION

Æý‡*ç³…ÌZ ™ðlÍ-Ķæ$-gôæ-Ķæ$-yé-°MìS {糆 ѧéÅ-ǦMìS ¯]l…ÌZ {ç³Ô¶æ²-ç³-{™é°² ѧéÅ {ç³Ð]l*-×êË B«§é- AÐ]lM>Ô¶æ… GMýS$PÐ]l. Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l Ô>ç܈…ÌZ
ÌôæQ¯é O¯ðlç³#×æÅ… AÐ]l-çÜÆý‡…. C…§ýl$-MøçÜ… ¯ør$ Æý‡…V> Æý‡*´÷…-¨-Ýë¢Æý‡$. Æý‡ÝëĶæ$¯]l ^èlÆý‡ÅË$&çÜÒ$MýSÆý‡×êË$, BÐ]l*ÏË$ & www.sakshieducation.com
ѧýlÅ Send your Feedback to vidya@sakshi.com
OÐðlG-‹Ü-B-ÆŠ‡ h-ÌêÏ l º$«§ýlÐéÆý‡… l
AMøtºÆŠæ l 17 l 2018 11

The average age of group will decrease by..


N. Vinaykumar Reddy
the probability of getting a sum 13. Number of items sold by C on discount on 2/5th of the total
of two numbers divisible by 2 Thursday is what percent of the Jeans and 12% discount on 1/4th
Director, IACE,
Hyderabad.
and 3.
a)
5
6
b)
1
6
c)
3
4
IBPS number of items sold by E on
Friday?
a) 108.75% b) 138.56%
of the total Jeans. If Rahim gets
an overall profit of 2.3%, then
what percentage of discount sho-
5 Clerk Prelims c) 118.75% d) 128.57% uld be given by Rahim to cus-
d) e) None of these
Model Questions 7 Quantitative
Quantitative e) None of these tomers on the remaining Jeans.
i al
8. The compound interest on a Aptitude
Aptitude Sp e c 14. Find the sum of total number of a) 5% b) 15% c) 17%
Directions (Q. No. 1-5): Find certain sum for 2 years is Rs useful for items sold by store B on all the d) 6% e) None of these
the approximate value of the follow- 60.60 and simple interest is Rs. All Bank Exams days and total number of items 18. The average salary of male
ing questions. 60. Find the rate of interest per sold by store D on all the days. employees in a firm was Rs.
1. 39% of 405 + 61% of 610 − annum and the sum. a) 25000 b) 15000 6000 and that of females was Rs.
183.67 = ? a) 2%, Rs 1600 b) 2%, Rs 1400 c) 35000 d) 20000 5600. The mean salary of all the
a) 450 b) 300 c) 230 c) 3%, Rs 1500 d) 2%, Rs 1500 The following table represents e) None of these employees was Rs. 5800. What is
d) 344 e) 400 e) None of these the number of items sold by five 15. Number of items sold by A on the % of female employees?
2. 5682 ÷ 63 × 36 = ? ×17.998 9. The average age of 8 members of different stores in six different Tuesday is what percent more a) 60% b) 50% c) 70%
a) 180 b) 190 c) 210 a group is 40 years. The age of 1 days of a week. than the number of items sold by d) 20% e) None of these
d) 240 e) 300 member is 55 yrs. After his Stores Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 19. Two boats A and B start towards
3. 4.99 × 12.865 + 599 = ? retirement a new member comes A 3500 2200 2600 2800 2200 2500 each other from two places, 150
a) 650 b) 655 c) 665 in his place, whose age is 39. The B 1800 1600 3200 1500 2800 2600 km apart. Speed of the boat A and
d) 670 e) 750 average age of group will C 2400 2800 2000 1400 1800 1800 B in still water are 16 km/hr and
4. 250.01 − 429.99 + 549.99 = ? decrease by? 14 km/hr respectively. If A
D 1700 3000 1800 2000 1000 2000
E 2000 2500 1600 1400 3400 1400
a) 370 b) 420 c) 340 a) 2 b) 0 c) 3 proceeds down and B up the
d) 410 e) 500 d) 5 e) None of these 11. Find the difference between total C on Sunday? stream, they will meet after.
340
×
46.98 119
× =?
10. An amount of money is to be number of items sold by all the a) 5.33% b) 8.33% a) 4.5 hours b) 4 hours
5. 34.023 510 94.01 distributed among A, B and C in stores on Monday and total c) 6.33% d) 7.33% c) 5 hours d) 6 hours
a) 1.5 b) 1.2 c) 2.1 the ratio 3 : 1 : 5. The difference number of items sold by all the e) None of these e) None of these
d) 2.4 e) 3 between B's and C's share is Rs. stores on Thursday. 16. A person travelled 132 km by 20. A goods train leaves a station at a
6. A trader sold 90 quintals wheat at 3600. What is the total of A's and a) 650 b) 800 c) 900 auto, 852 km by train and 248 km certain time and at a fixed speed.
8% profit and 50 quintals wheat B's share? d) 700 e) None of these by bike. It took 21 hours in all. If After 8 hours, an express train
at 10% profit. Had he sold all the a) Rs. 5400 b) Rs. 3600 12. Find the respective ratio of total the speed of train is 6 times the leaves the same station and
wheat at 9% profit he would have c) Rs. 2700 d) Rs. 1800 number of items sold by A and B speed of auto and 1.5 times speed moves in the same direction at a
earned Rs 120 more. Find per e) Rs. 2100 on Tuesday and total number of of bike, what is the speed of train? uniform speed of 120 kmph, this
quintal cost price of wheat. items sold by C and D on a) 78 km/h b) 104 km/h train catches up the goods train in
a) Rs. 250 b) Rs. 300 Direction (Q.No. 11-15): Study Wednesday. c) 96 km/h d) 88 km/h 7 hours. Find the speed of the
c) Rs. 350 d) Rs. 400 the following table chart carefully a) 15 : 23 b) 29 : 17 e) None of these goods train.
e) None of these and answer the questions given c) 17 : 29 d) 23 : 15 17. Rahim marks up all Jeans in his a) 50 b) 48 c) 56
7. Two fair dices are thrown. Find beside. e) None of these shop 20% higher. He gave 25% d) 60 e) None of these

Key & Solutions 9) a; Total age of 8 members Reqd. % =


1800
×100 = 128.57% ∴ Speed of the train ⇒a=5
= 8 × 40 = 320 years 1400 = 6x = 6 × 16 = 96 kmph 18) b; Average salary of male
1) d; ? ≈ 40 × 405 + 60 × 610 −184 ≈ 344 Total age after replacement of 1 14) a; Total number of items sold by 17) a; Let Rahim has 100 Jeans and employees = Rs. 6000
100 100 member = 320 − 55 + 39 store B on all the days C.P of each Jeans is Rs. 100. Average salary of female
2) a; ? ≈ 5682 × 36 ≈ 180 = 304 years = 1800 + 1600 + 3200 + 1500 + Then, Marked price of each employees = Rs. 5600
63 × 18 2800 + 2600 = 13500 Jeans Mean salary = Rs. 5800
New average = 304 = 38 years
3) c; ? ≈ 5 × 13 + 600 ≈ 665 8 Total number of items sold by = 100 ×
120
= Rs.120
By using allegation
4) a; ? ≈ 250 − 430 + 550 = 370 ∴ Average decreased by 2 years store D on all the days 100 (6000) (5600)
340 47 119 10) b; Given, 5x − x = 3600 = 1700 + 3000 + 1800 + 2000 + And, selling price of 100 Jeans (5800)
5) b; ? ≈ × × ≈ 1.2
34 51 0 94 ∴ 4x = 3600 ⇒ x = 900 1000 + 2000 = 11500 = 100 × 100 ×
102.3
= Rs.10230
200 200
6) b; Let per quintal price of wheat Total A + B's share = 3x + x = 4x Required sum = 13500+11500 100 ∴ The ratio of male : female
was Rs. 100x = 4 × 900 = 3600 = 25000 Selling price of 40 Jeans (i.e.,
2 = 200 : 200 = 1 : 1
∴ 90 × 108x + 50×110x 11) c; Total number of items sold by 15) b; Number of items sold by A on 5 Hence, % of female employees
= 109×(90+50)×x−120 ⇒ x = 3 all the stores on Monday Tuesday = 2600 of 100) = ½ × 100 = 50%
∴per quintal cost price = Rs. 300 = 2200 + 1600 + 2800 + 3000 + Number of items sold by C on = 40 × 120 ×
75
= Rs.3600 19) c; Let the speed of the stream be
7) b; Possible cases = 6 × 6 = 36 2500 = 12100 Sunday = 2400 100 x kmph and both the boats meet
A number will be divisible by 2 Total number of items sold by all 2600 − 2400 Selling price of 25 Jeans (i.e. ¼ after t hours.
Req.% = ×100 = 8.33%
and 3 if it is divisible by 6 the stores on Thursday 2400 of 100) According to the question,
∴ Favorable cases = Number = 2200 + 2800 + 1800 + 1000 + 16) c; Let the speed of auto be x = 25 × 120 ×
88
= 2640
Distance covered while going
divisible by 6 3400 = 11200 kmph. So, the speed of train will 100 downstream + Distance covered
= (1, 5) or (2,4) or (3,3) or (4, 2) Required difference be 6x and that of bike will be Let Rahim gave a% discount on while going upstream = Total
or (5,1) or (6, 6) = 6 = 12100 − 11200 = 900 =
6x
= 4x remaining (i.e., 100 − 40 − 25 Distance
6 1 12) b; Total number of items sold by 1.5 = 35) Jeans. ⇒ (16+ x)t + (14−x) t = 150
∴ Required probability = =
36 6 A and B on Tuesday As per the given information, Selling price of remaining 35 ⇒ 16t+14t = 150
8) d; Let capital = Rs. P = 2600 + 3200 = 5800 Time taken by auto + Time taken Jeans ⇒ 30t = 150
Rate = R % per annum Total number of items sold by C by train + Time taken by bike = 35 × 120 ×
100 − a
= 4200 ×
100 − a ⇒ t = 5 hrs
PR 2 and D on Wednesday = 21 hours 100 100 20) c; Let the speed of the goods
∴C.I. − S.I. = (for two y ears )
100 2 = 1400 + 2000 = 3400 ⇒
132 852 248
+ + = 21 According to the question, train be x kmph.
PR 2 Req. ratio = 5800 : 3400 x 6x 4x 10230 = 3600 + 2640 + 4200 × Distance covered by goods train
⇒ 60.60 − 60 =
10000 = 29 : 17 132 142 62 100 − a in 15 hrs = Distance covered by
or, + + = 21
P×R×2 13) d; Number of items sold by C on x x x 100 express train in 7 hrs
⇒ PR 2 = 6000 & = 60
100 Thursday = 1800 or, 21x = 132 + 142 + 62 = 336 100 − a So, 15x = 7 × 120 or x = 56.
⇒ 4200 ×
⇒ 2PR = 6000 ⇒ PR = 3000 Number of items sold by E on ∴x =
336
= 16 100 So, Speed of goods train
⇒ R = 2% ⇒ P = 1500 Friday = 1400 21 =10230 − 6240 = 3990 = 56 kmph