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Day 1

INTRODUCTION

A. General Principles of Intellectual Property System

B. Sources of Intellectual Property Law

1. 1987 Philippine Constitution

Article XII, Secs. 6, 19


Article XIV, Secs. 10 - 18

2. International Agreements

2.1 Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of the Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement)
Tañada vs. Angara, 272 SCRA 18
Art. 1 – Nature and Scope of Obligation
Readings:
2.1.1 Article 3 (National Treatment)
2.1.2. Article 4 (Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment), TRIPS Agreement

2.2 Treaties/Conventions and International Agreements


World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS
Agreement)
WIPO Administered Treaties/Conventions
• Paris Convention for the Protection of Intellectual Property
• Patent Cooperation Treaty
• Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
• Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting
Organization
• WIPO Copyright Treaty
• WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
• Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
(Madrid Protocol)

3. Laws

3.1 Civil Code of the Philippines


Arts. 712, 521
3.2 Republic Act No. 8293, Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines
3.3. Other Special Laws

A. Intellectual Property Rights in General

1. Intellectual Property Rights

2. Differences between Copyrights, Trademarks and Patent


Pearl & Dean v. Shoemart, 409 SCRA 231 (2003)

Kho vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. 115758, March 1, 2002

B. Patents

1. Patentable Inventions (Sec. 21, IP Code)

Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303


2. Non-Patentable Inventions (Sec. 22, IP Code)

Association for Molecular Pathology v. USPTO (The Myriad Case), 569 U.S. 12
D’Arcy v Myriad Genetics Inc [2015] HCA 35

Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank International, 573 U.S. ___ (2014)

3. Patentability Requirements

1. Novelty (Secs. 23 and 24, IPC)

Manzano vs. CA, 278 SCRA 688


Maguan vs. CA, 146 SCRA 107
Frank vs. Kosuyama, 59 Phil 206

A.1. Non-prejudicial Disclosure (Sec. 25, IP Code)

2. Inventive Step (Section 26, IPC)

Aguas vs. De Leon, 111 SCRA 238


Graham v. John Deere Co., 383 U.S. 1 (1966)

3. Industrial Applicability (Sec, 27, IPC)

4. Ownership of a Patent

a. Right to a Patent (Sec. 28, IPC)


E.I. Dupont V. IPO, G.R. NO. 174379 [31 August 2016]

b. First-to-File Rule (Sec. 29, IPC)

c. Inventions Created Pursuant to a Commission (Sec. 30, IPC)

d. Right of Priority (Sec. 31, IPC)

5. The Application

a. Disclosure and Description (Sec. 35.1, IPC)

b. The Claims (Sec. 36, IPC)

c. Confidentiality (Sec. 45, IPC)

d. Mandatory Publication (Sec. 44, IPC)

e. Inchoate Right (Sec. 46, IPC)


6. Grounds for Cancellation of a Patent (Sec. 61, IPC)

7. Remedy of the True and Actual Inventor (Secs. 67 and 68, IPC)

8. Rights Conferred by a Patent (Sec. 71, IPC)

Phil Pharmawealth, Inc. vs. Pfizer, Inc. 635 SCRA 140 (2010)
Impressions v. Lexmark, 581 U.S. ___ (May 30, 2017)

9. Limitations of Patent Rights (Sec. 72, IPC)

a. Prior User (Sec. 73, IPC)

b. Use by the Government (Sec. 74, IPC)

10. Patent Infringement (Sec. 76 and 78, IPC)

a. Tests in Patent Infringement

i. Literal Infringement (Sec. 75.1, IPC)

ii. Doctrine of Equivalents (Sec. 75.2, IPC)

Smith Kline Beckman vs. CA, G.R. No. 126627 [2003])

b. Defenses in Action for Infringement (Sec. 81, IPC)

11. Assignment and Transmission of Rights (Sec. 104 and 105, IPC)

Day 2

Copyrights

1. Basic Principles, Sections 171, 172.2, 175 and 181

ABS-CBN v. Phil. Multi-Media, G.R. No. 175769-70, January 19, 2009.

2. Copyrightable Works

Star Athletica, v. Varsity Brands, Inc., 580 U.S. ___ 2017)

a. Original Works (Sec. 172 and 218)


Feist Publications, Inc., v. Rural Telephone Services, 499 U.S. 340 (1991)

ABS CBN vs. Felipe Gozon, G.R. No. 195956 (March 11, 2015)

b. Derivative Works (Sec. 173)


3. Non-Copyrightable Works (Sec. 175)
Baker v. Selden, 101 U.S. 99 (1879)
Feist Publications, Inc., v. Rural Telephone Services, 499 U.S. 340 (1991)
Pearl & Dean v. Shoemart, 409 SCRA 231 (2003)
Ching v. Salinas, G.R. No. 161295, June 29, 2005, 462 SCRA 241
Olano et. al. v. Lim Eng Co, G.R. 195835, April 20, 2016

4. Rights of Copyright Owner (Sec. 177)

Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, 568 U.S. __ (No. 11-697, March 19, 2013)

5. Rules on Ownership of Copyright (Sec. 178)

6. Limitations on Copyright (Sec. 184)

a. Doctrine of Fair Use (Sec. 185)

ABS CBN vs. Felipe Gozon, G.R. No. 195956 (March 11, 2015)
Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 464 U.S. 417 (1984)
Harper & Row v. Nation Enters., 471 U.S. 539 (1985)

7. Copyright Infringement (Sec. 216 and 217, as amended)


Habana v. Robles, 310 SCRA 511 (1999)

a. Direct Infringement and Vicarious Liability

b. Technological Protection Measures


MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd., 545 U.S. 913 (2005)
Lenz v. Universal Music Corp., 801 F.3d 1126 (2015)

Day 3

Trademarks

1. Definition of Marks, Collective Marks, Trade Names (Secs. 121)

2. Acquisition of Ownership of Mark (Sec. 122)

Berris Agricultural Co., v. Abyadang, G.R. No. 183404, October 13, 2010

Shangri-La International v. Developers Group, G.R. 159938, March 31, 2006

Ecole De Cuisine Manille v. Le Cordon Bleu Int'l., G.R. No. 185830, June 5, 2013

3. Acquisition of Ownership of Trade Name (Sec. 165)

4. Non-Registrable Marks (Sec. 123)

Matal v. Tam, 582 U.S. ___ (June 19, 2017); Sec. 123.1(a) IPC vis-à-vis Sec. 4, Art. III Constitution

Spectrum of Distinctiveness –

Abercrombie & Fitch v. Hunting World, 537 F.2d 4 (2d Cir. 1976)
Secondary Meaning (Sec. 123.2) and Fair Use –
th
Zatarains v. Oak Grove, 698 F.2d 786 (5 Cir. 1983)

5. Is Prior Use of a Mark a Requirement?

(Sec. 124.2 cf. Sec. 151.1 (c), Sec. 159.1)

6. Tests to Determine Confusing Similarity between Marks

a. Dominancy Test (Sec. 155.1)

Nestle v. CA, G.R. No. 112012, April 4, 2001

b. Holistic Test

Emerald v. CA, G.R. 100098 (1995)

7. Well-Known Marks Sec. 123.1(e), 147.2, Sec. 2, Rule 18, A.M. No. 10-3-10-SC)

La Chemise La Coste v. Fernandez, 129 SCRA 373

In-N-Out Burger vs. Sehwani, G.R. No. 179127, December 24, 2008

8. Rights Conferred by Registration (Sec. 147)

9. [Fair] Use by Third Parties of Names, etc. Similar to Registered Mark (Sec. 148)
th
New Kids on the Block v. News America Publishing, 971 F.2d 302 (9 Cir. 1992)

10. Infringement and Remedies (Sec. 155 – 158)

a. Trademark Infringement

b. Damages

c. Requirement of Notice

11. Unfair Competition and False Designation of Origin (Sec. 168 – 169)

McDonald’s Corp. vs. L. C. Big Mak, GR 143993, August 18, 2004

Coca-Cola Bottlers, Phil. Vs. Quintin Gomez,G.R. 154491, Nov. 18, 2008

Chester Uyco, et. Al. vs. Vicente Lo, G.R. 202423, January 28, 2013

Kenneth Roy Savage et. al. v. Judge Taypin, G.R. 134217, May 11, 2000

12. Trade Names or Business Names (Sec. 165)

Coffee Partners, Inc. vs. San Francisco Coffee (G.R. No. 169504, 3 March 2010