Roman Numerals

Roman numerals are written as combinations of the seven letters in the table below. The letters can be written as capital (XVI) or lower-case letters (xvi).

Roman Numerals
I=1 V=5 X = 10 L = 50
You can use a roman numerals chart or conversion table to lookup roman numerals or you can easily learn how to calculate them yourself with a few simple rules.

C = 100 D = 500 M = 1000

How to Translate Roman Numerals
If smaller numbers follow larger numbers, the numbers are added. If a smaller number precedes a larger number, the smaller number is subtracted from the larger. For example, if you want to say 1,100 in Roman Numerals, you would say M for 1000 and then put a C after it for 100; in other words 1,100=MC in Roman Numerals. Some more examples:

• • • • •

VIII = 5+3 = 8 IX = 10-1 = 9 XL = 50-10 = 40 XC = 100-10 = 90 MCMLXXXIV = 1000+(1000-100)+50+30+(5-1) = 1984

Roman Numeral Table
1I 2 II 3 III 4 IV 5V 6 VI 7 VII 8 VIII 9 IX 10 X 11 XI 12 XII 13 XIII 14XIV 15XV 16XVI 17XVII 18XVIII 19XIX 20XX 21XXI 22XXII 23XXIII 24XXIV 25XXV 26XXVI 27XXVII 28XXVIII 29XXIX 30XXX 31XXXI 40XL 50L 60LX 70LXX 80LXXX 90XC 100C 101CI 150CL 200CC 300CCC 400CD 500D 600DC 700DCC 800DCCC 900CM 1000M 1600MDC 1700MDCC 1900MCM

A Brief History of Roman Numerals
What is the history of Roman Numerals? Roman numerals, as the name suggests, originated in ancient Rome. No one is sure when roman numerals were first used, but they far predate the middle ages. Theories abound as to the origins of this counting system, but it is commonly believed to have started with the ancient Etruscans. The symbol for one in the roman numeral system probably represented a single tally mark of the kind people would notch into wood or dirt to keep track of items or events they were counting.

Where are Roman Numerals Used in Modern Times? Roman Numbers are still used today in a variety of applications. you probably need to get familiar with the roman numeral conversion process or keep a conversion chart handy. Roman Numerals in Crosswords Crossword puzzle creators are fond of using Roman Numerals in their puzzles. you will be expected to use Roman Numerals. If you are creating an outline for a story or report. Monarchs and Popes are usually numbered with this system as are guitar chords and the cranial nerves. A typical crossword clue is "Half of MCIV" which should be answered "DLII". Resources • • • • Roman numeral converter Convert roman numerals up to 4999 Latin roots for spelling Crossword thesaurus . films and big events. If you want to be an expert crossword puzzler. They are also commonly used onclocks and watches to number book chapters. ranging from requiring translation of complex numbers to expecting puzzlers to know that a Roman Numeral M stands for one thousand.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful