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Saint Michael College

Hindang, Leyte

Philip Michael P. Dadios Project #1


1. As a friar, how did Juan de Placencia describe the religious belief of early Filipinos?

Filipinos on the early years were considered to be “paganos”. They don’t have the knowledge
about the true God. They have their own belief in which they worship the sun, moon, stars, animals, and
etc. They also have their “Bathala” who was the maker of all things, and their multiple numbers of
exalted idols. They do their rituals by means of offering a life, for example, by throwing an animal into
the water. The manner of offering sacrifice was to proclaim a feast, and offer to the devil what they had
to eat. They believe that the devil enters into a body of an officiating priest. Worshipping the devil
contributes them good harvest, propitious result in wars, successful delivery in childbirth, and a happy
outcome in married life.

2. How did Morga describe the religious belief of early Filipinos?

During Morga’s sojourn in the Philippines, he observed Filipinos customs in the domain of their
religious belief. Filipinos before do sorceries and witchcraft and much the same during Placencia’s time,
they also worshipped the sun and the moon. They give credence to superstitious beliefs. In these ages,
Filipinos have already believe of having a place to go after death. Those who have done good and
performed feast shall be rewarded while those who have not done bravery will be cast upon or will be
punished. They had that kind of belief but unfortunately, they don’t know where that certain place is.

3. How did Loarca described the religious belief of the Pintados?

Miguel de Loarca observed the native cultural traditions before they were fully acculturated to
Christianity. Pintados had their Yligueynes (the people of the coast), who believed that heaven and earth
had no beginning, and that there were two gods, one called Captan and the other called Maguayen.
They believe that the land breeze and sea breeze were married.

While reading the context, their belief of the creation is something similar to the story of Adam
and Eve. There were two created human beings who were married to populate the earth. The concept of
concubinage began at this era. They also devote to their deceased ancestors claiming to see them and
answer their prayers.

4. Was Chirino’s observation of early Filipinos religion influenced by being a friar?

Yes. A friar is said to be a Roman Catholic member of a religious order which happens to be the
followers of Christ. The religious belief of the early Filipinos were very much alike with what Christianity
is but, it also differs in practice. Filipinos believe on super natural and worshipped demons while in
Christianity, the demon is the enemy. Thus, it gave Chirino a massive contradiction on the belief of
Filipinos about the doctrine of Divinity.

5. How similar or different the descriptions of Chirino from Placencia’s account of early Filipino
religious belief?

It is similar in a way which the Filipinos were pagans. Until Chirino’s expedition in the Philippines,
Filipinos still had several idols whom they worshipped and were given offerings. Although there were few
changes or evolution with their understanding about the Maker, being an Anti-Christ remained as the
identity of the early Filipinos.