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FEDERAL DISTRICT COURT
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Superior Court of
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5 The State of California


6 Entities that of

7 SUPER NOVIE COUNSEL

8 Omnipotent and Supernal

9 Worldly Creations

10 Lord William P Williamson Sir

11 Steven Van Schofer

12 15432 Jackson St. For the County of Orange


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Midway City Ca. 92655
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714-725 6570
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714 760 1180
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22 Entities in Pseudonyms
and its definition
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People ET AL
24 PLAINTIFF S Vs

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26 OCTOBER 18th 2018


[PLEADING TITLE] - 1
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2 NOTICE OF MOTION TO STRIKE


3 OR SUMMARY EXECUTE AN ON SITE DEATH DECREE
4 RIGOBERTO JIMENEZ
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SAID POLICE CHIEFS HUNTINGTON BEACH
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ROBERT HANDY
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AND HIS ESCALATION IN AID AND ABETMENT DETAIL
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THESE INFIDEL S AS CHARGED IN HEREBY

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12 CAUGHT IN THE ACT--CAPTAIN


13 SAID WESTMINSTER POLICE CAPTAINS
14 TOM FINLEY
15 WENDY SUZANNE
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LINDLEY DAVID O CARTER JOE T PEREZ
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DAMIAN ARROYO RICKY ROBERT ARROYO
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ROBERT HANDY ANTHONY RACKAUKAS
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THOMAS FINLEY RAMIRO GONZALEZ
22 JOE T PEREZ DEAD
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WHEN MOTION TO CHARGE AND
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INCARCERATE AS WE SAW –SEE-
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ROBERT HANDY VIOLATING HIS TERMS
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IS OWN RECOGNIZANCE
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9 WHEN DISQUALIFYING HIRING PRACTICE


10 PERJURE THEIR POST IN THE ACT
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12 IN ABSENCE OF LAW OR LEGITIMATE


13 BAILIFF –OR MARSHALL
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15 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AN


16 FEDERAL WARRANT IN OR A
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NEARBY DISTRICT COURT APPERTAINING TO
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SUPERNAL OMNIPOTENT COURT AND COUNSEL
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AND THE CHECKS AND BALANCE’S LAWFUL
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FEDERAL DISTRICT COURT -
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Superior Court of
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5 The State of California


6 Entities that of

7 SUPER NOVIE COUNSEL

8 Omnipotent and Supernal

9 Worldly Creations

10 Lord William P Williamson Sir

11 Steven Van Schofer

12 15432 Jackson St. For the County of Orange


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Midway City Ca. 92655
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714-725 6570
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714 760 1180
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22 Entities in Pseudonyms
and its definition
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People ET AL
24 PLAINTIFF S Vs

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26 OCTOBER 18th 2018


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3 DEFENDANT S in inclusive ) Case No.


attachment 100 sets - or more
4 )
vs. ) NOTICE OF MOTION TO STRIKE AND
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MOTION TO STRIKE COMPLAINT;
Defendant, 1-5 below plus list attach by )
6 MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND
request
) AUTHORITIES PAY THE CLAIMANT
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MOTION-S TO STRIKE disqualify )
8 JUDGES ORDER S I SEE- AMEND
)
INCARCERATED THESE BEFORE ME- DATE: OCTOBER 18th 2018
9 US A PANEL WENDY S LINDLEY A )
TIME:
10 PERPETRATION LIKE JOE T PEREZ )
STANLEY HASSAN TOO IN THE ACT DEPT.:
TH )
11 10:09 AM PST 18 OF OCTOBER 2018
TREASON IS GIVEN AND CHARGED )
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SEIZE MR. PEREZ IS SO ORDERED )
13 TOO- SHOUTING ENSUES AT PEREZ A
QUEER FIRSTLY-
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TO DEFENDANTS
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16 ADA CO AND THIS ENTRY

17 Jackson Aisle Apartment L


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P
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AND THEIR ATTORNEYS OF RECORD:
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909 N MAIN COMMUNITY COURTS STE.
21 02
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PLEASE TAKE NOTICE
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Defendants.
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TO STRIKE COMPLAINT;
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1 TO PLAINTIFF
2 Jackson Aisle Apartment L P
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AND THEIR ATTORNEYS OF RECORD:
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909 N MAIN COMMUNITY COURTS SUITE 02
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AND OR IF NICE JEFF HALLOCK
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PLEASE TAKE NOTICE
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Entities’ Means
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9 An Image that can and did inter face

10 Intercept-and Re –classify phony docket


11 And phony diagnosis seekers:
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In as many times an double jeopardy stipulation can’t be regarded
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4 in every or any rules of reasonable cause to suspects ; in


5 pressing an super cede and safety regard the stipulating words in
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so describing they who stupefy or perjure-d though an material
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8 fact in did you they at the door here at 15432 Jackson St unit
9 xxx have any discussion on this stipulation have neither
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knowledge of this map maps or cartographic display and
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14 property’s here told the subjects and complaint are many in so


15 describing reflector field technology and cartographic l still’s if so
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describe suspended animation characterize omnipotent creator n
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supreme being and his their ways of being a part of the ins and
19 outs of its so called mind and being of its own using facial like

expressions inside the reflector field technology like space aged


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suspended animation use to sway or exact an opinion an

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confession or an objective and open for stipulation should a need
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to resolve either an impasse or any whose safety depend on
4 technical means of verification arbitration al parity if an more fuller

expression of pursuit of truth justice and an reflector field


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reminder of if unto self as others can be meaningful so stipulated-
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8 - format reflector field supernal


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and cartographical live likesome infrared eye of E Pluribus Unum
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11 is watching in any to witnesses the stipulations may be re copied


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in left to right 001 top to bottom above and below page by
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stipulation and in formal motioning as well stipulated Sir .
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In the stipulating regard for monies owed due and Melissa
20 Maranda s where a bouts and dark saucer crew affiliation with

Manual Fajarda a known drug dealer too by the way and flight
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abuse navigation abduction and if cocka roach larvae
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24 mitochondria infused infiltration has a stipulation to do with


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monies due phony diagnosis seeking brainwashing and matrix
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scalping highest treason any canon of the courts or court officer
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s with an demerit or two too many when stipulations being given
4 appertains to our Omnipotent like reflector field ways of exposing

even ones either guilt conscience aka (suspended like animation)


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and “Subpoena like photography” or “sequester like”
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8 and “so called” Courtroom like exhibitions- the time to re consider


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and put in reverse old behaviors and un becoming continuation
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and regroup an stipulating new beginning or anew –in so
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12 describing the only to see side that if 20 or more to stipulate a


13 score or measure-- -the behavior upgrade and well wishes in
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15 Being a oneness for better behavior this being observed though—


16 a hindsight or disreputable pattern which even as I typed
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18 The known murder and phony judge who by deputy, deputy


19 supervisor’s and sheriff coroner no longer around may be listless
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in patterning- in
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so this and
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3 SEE CAUGHT IN THE ACT THESE SHERIFF HALLOCK CAN


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NO LONGER BE OF PURPOSE IN SO SAYING SEEING OR
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STIPULATING LET NO USELESS ADJUDICATION FINDING
7 BE RESTED WITH THEY WHO KILL killed as many as took off re

trying a try when these photos were sequenced at WITT


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CAMERAS OFF KEY NOT 03:42 pm the 18th of October 2018 in
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11 as monies pilfered and cause to show where bailiff server


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knowing of the breach all the while -in as many had perished or
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were done away in either Abu grail in an effort to satisfy an most
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15 disgraceful and getting worse regard for no murdering nor raping


16 keep your ones hands to themselves the stipulation went array
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when the resurrected came to be and a massacre so terrible
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19 took place---this was the stipulation October 18th 2018 Dotty Jiffo
20 is lying in wait still like Mickey Jiffo and phony if phony friends and
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phony family and nuke debris fields and nuke refurbishment is
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neither liked give it back first material fact a matter.
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5 In so Steven Van Schofer tis is my stipulated true and credible


6 name I m dressed with white shirt and tie-- this I am and I have
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neither horseshoe’s nor hand grenades, nor guns nor nuke
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weapons of any such measure I am 61 years of age and
10 neither thrashed any one or any killing nor raping nor physical

assaulting contrary to who by unlawful need to forget to mention


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who created these or an Omnipotent God who by police reports

14 known missing information- that if Rigoberto Jimenez is a flight


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mechanic there in fact and I told testified and ordered he turn
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himself in— like you are hereby ordered to do suchly;
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20 This and Stanley Hassan in so hearing bouts the music art theft

and EUU and USA Treasury Mint monies stolen divvied up to go


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against the LORD and its not to say an our side or an we side if
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24 no contact orders and the plight of they who came to stipulate a


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possibility of ---if reconciliation aint the word to use if too far along
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in monsteritized the not even close to human like people=---or
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my 714 760 1180 would surely give an stipulation of unless
4 other wise posted to this line a text in an right to reside and bear

service on demand please see this websight and any demand I


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making for food clothes shelter and raiment and the reasonable
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8 rand regard to maintain custodial operations of the planets let


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alone Jackson aisle complex is being breeched amid the millions
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and trillions of u s dollar cash outs Trudy too 4th floor is stalking
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12 me---leave please—as the pretended to be residents except two


13 three are a try in fact---and continental currency U S bank and
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local opinion are ionizing an end by lying about the whole thing
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16 with RICKY ROBERT ARROYO and PEREZ again and the lies
17 we just saw at court if check your 04 05 pm the 18th of October
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2018 in so reiterated even the name Rae Hassan as either the
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coercion rape invested in I DID SAY NEITHER RELEASE ‘BETO”
21 Rigoberto Jimenez “aka ‘BETO” Superior Court Judges And if
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get on the line make friends with my this end of 714 760 1180
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or 714 760 3213 and in so sharing again anything else or
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lesser this far along would constitute un reasonable regard for
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a stipulation in policy:
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8 if let communication line either by text messaging cyber


9 windows, shared logins or messaging like skype or other like
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email or other the unfair and petrified in fact outcome of open
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17 like you here and there I Beto” and n word forewarned appertains
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to Ricardo is the either the other –person or an pseudonym or
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name change or id this the excuse---I see---and the former police
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21 chiefs rapist think it funny to continue these atrocities


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new name or up my digital try to penetrate you just did though
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hooligans sided ness Ricky Robert Arroyo and these you
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inseminated Parasite or otherwise like and Damian’s Arroyo
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contagions in infamy need and the old USMC trust me swindles
4 you bring is brought about the stipulation of cessation to hostilities

a stipulation of we --?
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12 If we are neither a people and this stipulation you think grounds to


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occupy- stipulation my will to end these who answered no sir do
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15 away all you can in the face of complaint in 24 7 365 25 years


16 every day telepathy not like excuse I saw to insinuate an either or
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regard for insolence like an –‘”pigs fly” nor if I know an excuse to
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railroad these efforts in any welcoming committee or not—the no
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In so when the funds allocated to go a perpendicular than what I
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rather have or my record polite c minus record the need to close
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this stipulation before 4 45 pm and give a stipulation time to re
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but is unless otherwise stated by telephone 714 760 1180 714
4 760 3213 this stipulation if Stevens to say court is now adjourn

pay the man $$30, 000 dollars at once is now ordered stay clear
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and keep off and away from my areas Sharon Scott John Ward
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8 and obligatory ordered that :Beto” turn himself in to John the


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court canon ab report john or canon of its lawful and trust minded
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in variable ness s Sir your Honors in so saying Sir and if God can
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12 still bless either they who come endowed with reason an in


13 supportive regard for life here as we are and if as I see you not
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intend for me and think to insinuate a other idea then what I not
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16 allow phony shrink though caught---and in contempt not qualified


17 is why is what ?
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As I see the no contact corruption of David O Carter and
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hooligans in as many as you killed and I resurrected still looking
4 to call this a fight—too shall be reported too- everything to do

with no sir--- a thing against you Steve


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to report to Steven his machine at once please us and has so
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17 been stipulated stated and an position of commitment is and was


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entered into record in my own knowing to say so do your honors
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sirs they who came to make trouble so sated today in front of
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21 these inventory’s allow to live is my will-


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bicycle stolen would I like some too? No no-- vs talk a while a far
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24 neither if every living thing in creation being diunder and super


25 novie heavens is where we are a we at I not allow that---\
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3 this with many and beto infectious s need to kill what finds out
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his evil and torturous rape regard too size and anatomy
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superiority to intimidate again and every rape more and ti lese
7 is what-- me and laughing in TV --- and Robert Handy and who I

contacted guide our safety needs as opposed to gun got


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intimidating ways and need s nearby to mayhem aggravate yelling
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11 unruly sides men ship and foul play like discourse disdain and
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only if lets lie all the way and do devil to the max end life by if up
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my a hole dead any which way seems to be the mentality we see
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15 and then some---way resurrected also is this---who ever I can


16 like or talk to being intercepted to corrupt--- status quo in
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commerce trade and civility as the and know it dislikes of
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19 intruders in the building --


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Like you their refurbishment he defaulted on every propriety or in
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propriety quo of commerce port in getting back on track as legal
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as do hesitated to railroad this combined efforts given if any who
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8 proceeded to rape like a very terrible defilement and do away


9 every one thy he did though is “beto” took over the deal it aint
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the right reality to hide behind nor get under is known why murder
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12 rape when Midas like security was the call—win so there—


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15 what you be been doing s knowing what dundered a music


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ownership theft impropriety got more to brazen a try about I see a
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in an effort to even as much as catch flak as we see stipulation of
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saved you from the nuke and reckless disregard for nor have I
4 the point—in lodge and dislodge mentalities par to units we

discussed--and arroyo s too- and an telecare regarded need to


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conceal the nature of its ambiguity’s TRANSPIRED judges we
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8 see stipulated who by seizing the element of vulnerabilities the


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reflector field photography may or may neither had brought
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forward---
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or as many as murder too many inventory rest a judgment
17 ended you lied you not know Steven’s name too hillock sir.
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5 n duty live may allow abbreviate checks and balance regard for
6 stolen monies divvied up by the observing party’s in an effort to
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do every living thing away is why checks and balance left to right
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from the above and in between of second
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14 hand timepieces forensic either care in motioning an oath and


15 pursuit of truth and life in its way and ways should the a best of
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governing attribution in accounting and approach be well received
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18 within the bounds of its literary consignments pro proper added in


19 stipulating page hour by hour day by day
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COMPLAINT ON STIPULATIONS FILED
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MISSING SUPER NOVIE HEAVENS PLANETS

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October 18TH 2018
16 These I caught today as well stipulated

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WHEN THE INSIDE 2005 RELEASE OF TOP SECRET AGENT IN THE
ABOVE AND ISRAELI INTELLIGENCE OFFICIAL OPT OPTICAL
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REFERENCE ENTITLED A NEED TO UN SEAL INFORMATION IS INVOLVEMENT
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AND AGENCY S INVOLVEMENT WITH THE MAN E SEE
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8 WHEN THE DISTURBING TO SEE HANDY AND BUSH JR BAD INFLUENCING


WITH TO DETESTABLE TO EVEN IF MUCH AS WOULD NT WANT ME
9 TO EVEN SEE—

10 MY OTHER GIRLFRIEND ABIVE--

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14 10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy;


15 bestiality inclusive of “bestiality: defilements and
16 definitions sub Para graphical s 10 U S Code 925 –
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Art-125-.01—through Art. 125-.033 - entered into
force this and any time of violation and time of
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trespass and this appendage (s) in court in view of
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Monetary demanding in recorded $30, 000-dollar demand made
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to Continental Currency on the eve that if October the 17th 2018
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at or a nearer toward the stipulation of 08:00 pm pst hour and
22 by posting this incursion with audio visual vindication principal
23 intending any like aka “Maria and bank of America Magnolia
24 and Bolsa an Garden Grove California within the 5 mile
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bounds of appertain in knowing a twist from sodomic like hell
2 preparation’s we see in Court this following day the 18th of
3 nearness October 2018 in as the plot we stipulate if insinuated
4 thickened in as let no theft laundering regard an EU and U S
Treasury looted incursion also by the way-- if Leviathan like
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people we see –in so naming Ricky Robert Arroyo, Rigoberto
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Jimenez and Manuela Clara Julia Schmidt a bank accounts and
check cashing impropriety’s we have here deputy chief of police
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and or captain s Bill Collins Westminster California in knowing
12 his inventory of murder and treachery lying brings to the table
13 -the pre mediation and deliberate attempt to dissolve the United
14 States of America and its currency in fact proceeded a path and
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deliberate seditious infamous and fatal like retaliation on the
stipulated (two Par) of us again by the way,
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10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy; bestiality | US Law | LII ...
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https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/925
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Any person subject to this chapter who engages in unnatural carnal copulation with another
23 person of the same or opposite sex by unlawful force or without the ...
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25 (a)FORCIBLE SODOMY. —
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2 United states Congress senate, Presidential veto nor letterhead intimidating


nor any person place alien ghost comet like mystery—unknown reasoning
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rebellion resurrection insurrection retaliation vendetta community affairs
4 guns in prejudicial prejudice vengeances in accordance of this Provision
and by virtue of this declaration by which {“In God s we trust there came a
5 an emergence of warning, complaint and sign and isometric display sign
whereby accountings and a witness like order and orderly in at a place –if
6 not limited to 92655 USA Midway City California in any to time travel arrive
7 depart nor in excuse this provision-meant set forth on this

8 October 17th 2018 otherwise understood as an Image cartographic and


telekinetic communication from God s n time in an effort to provide a more
9 safe and uniform society and organic in spinal and upright class like Bible
like Genesis description “in the beginning “God’s created” … any secret
10 service liaison or individual any attack to disclaim or defame deny despond
11 a rhetoric solution;

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13 or every no to laws, nor hybrid anatomy’s, nor heart not a matter, each
even who confide a tank column’s or invisible advantage to defy as I saw—
14 no police no letter—or –mendicants excuse nor statute on the books or not,
subject to this chapter who engages in unnatural carnal copulation with
15 another person of the same or opposite sex by unlawful
16 force or without the consent of the other person is guilty of forcible
17 sodomy and shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
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10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy;


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bestiality, either monster creature s parasite s,
21 leviathan or other, soul matrix infusion visible or
22 invisible alike, secrecy aligned or not, energy
23 transfusion weapon systems
24 Any person subject to this chapter who engages in unnatural carnal
copulation with another person of the same or opposite sex by unlawful
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force or without the consent of the other person is guilty of forcible
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1 sodomy and shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
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hental or tentacle sign of upfront ovaries missing
mitochondria infused advantaged genetic
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manipulation infused inseminated sodomic
6 defilement
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8 10 U.S. Code § 920 - Art. 120. Rape and sexual


9 assault
10 (a)RAPE.—Any person subject to this chapter
11 who commits a sexual act upon another
12 person by—
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using unlawful force against that other
person; be it underground labyrinth as in the
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act or flying saucer like module unknown


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time unknown destinations—missing time--


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using force causing or likely to cause death
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or grievous bodily harm to any person;
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subjected to death, grievous bodily harm, or kidnapping;
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18 U.S. Code Chapter 113C - TORTURE
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18 U.S. Code § 2340A - Torture
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10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy;
2 bestiality
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4 10 U.S. Code § 920 - Art. 120. Rape and sexual


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assault
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15 18 U.S. Code Chapter 113C – TORTURE


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17 18 U.S. Code § 2340A - Torture


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10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy;
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bestiality
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10 U.S. Code § 920 - Art. 120. Rape and sexual
assault
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18 U.S. Code Chapter 113C – TORTURE
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15 18 U.S. Code § 2340A - Torture


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25 10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy;


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2 10 U.S. Code § 920 - Art. 120. Rape and sexual


3 assault
4 18 U.S. Code Chapter 113C – TORTURE
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18 U.S. Code § 2340A - Torture


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10 U.S. Code § 925 - Art 125. Forcible sodomy;


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bestiality
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23 10 U.S. Code § 920 - Art. 120. Rape and sexual


24 assault
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18 U.S. Code Chapter 113C – TORTURE
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18 U.S. Code § 2340A - Torture
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19

20
18 U.S. Code § 2332a - Use of weapons of mass
destruction
21

22
• US Code
23
• Notes
24 prev | next
25

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 38
27
1 (a)OFFENSE AGAINST A NATIONAL OF THE UNITED STATES OR WITHIN THE UNITED
STATES.—A personwho, without lawful authority, uses, threatens, or attempts or
2
conspires to use, a weapon of mass destruction—
3
(1)
4
against a national of the United States while such national is outside of the United
5 States;

6 (2)against any person or property within the United States, and

7 (A)

8 the mail or any facility of interstate or foreign commerce is used in furtherance of


the offense;
9
(B)
10

11 such property is used in interstate or foreign commerce or in an activity that affects


interstate or foreign commerce;
12
(C)
13
any perpetrator travels in or causes another to travel in interstate or foreign
14 commerce in furtherance of the offense; or
15 (D)
16 the offense, or the results of the offense, affect interstate or foreign commerce, or,
17 in the case of a threat, attempt, or conspiracy, would have affected interstate
or foreign commerce;
18
(3)
19
against any property that is owned, leased or used by the United States or by any
20 department or agency of the United States, whether the property is within or
outside of the United States; or
21
(4)
22

23 against any property within the United States that is owned, leased, or used by a
foreign government,
24
shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life, and if death results, shall be
25 punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 39
27
1 (b)OFFENSE BY NATIONAL OF THE UNITED STATES OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES.—

2 Any national of the United States who, without lawful authority, uses, or threatens,
attempts, or conspires to use, a weapon of mass destruction outside of the United
3
States shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life, and if death results,
4 shall be punished by death, or by imprisonment for any term of years or for life.

5 (c)DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section—

6 (1)

7 the term “national of the United States” has the meaning given in section
101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22));
8
(2)the term “weapon of mass destruction” means—
9
(A)
10

11 any destructive device as defined in section 921 of this title;

12 (B)

13 any weapon that is designed or intended to cause death or serious bodily injury
through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals, or
14 their precursors;
15 (C)
16 any weapon involving a biological agent, toxin, or vector (as those terms are
17 defined in section 178 of this title); or

18 (D)

19 any weapon that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level


dangerous to human life; and
20
(3)
21
the term “property” includes all real and personal property.
22
(Added Pub. L. 103–322, title VI, § 60023(a), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1980;
23 amended Pub. L. 104–132, title V, § 511(c), title VII, § 725, Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat.
24 1284, 1300; Pub. L. 104–294, title VI, § 605(m), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat.
3510; Pub. L. 105–277, div. I, title II, § 201(b)(1), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–
25 871; Pub. L. 107–188, title II, § 231(d), June 12, 2002, 116 Stat. 661; Pub. L.
108–458, title VI, § 6802(a), (b), Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3766, 3767.)
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 40
27
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19 (4)

20

21

22

23

24

25

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 41
27
1

3 first rendering that other person unconscious; or


4

10

11

12

13
(b)SEXUAL ASSAULT.—Any person subject to this chapter who—
14
(1)commits a sexual act upon another person by—
15
(A)
16
threatening or placing that other person in fear;
17
(B)
18
causing bodily harm to that other person;
19
(C)
20
making a fraudulent representation that the sexual act serves a professional
21 purpose; or

22 (D)

23 inducing a belief by any artifice, pretense, or concealment that the person is


another person;
24
(2)
25
commits a sexual act upon another person
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 42
27
1

3
18 U.S. Code Chapter 113C - TORTURE
4

5
18 U.S. Code § 2340A - Torture
• US Code
6
• Notes
7
prev | next
8
(a)OFFENSE.—
9
Whoever outside the United States commits or attempts to commit torture
10 shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both,
and if death results to any person from conduct prohibited by this
11 subsection, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years
12 or for life.

13 (b)JURISDICTION.—There is jurisdiction over the activity prohibited in


subsection (a) if—
14
(1)
15
the alleged offender is a national of the United States; or
16
(2)
17
the alleged offender is present in the United States, irrespective of the
18 nationality of the victim or alleged offender.

19 (c)CONSPIRACY. —

20 A person who conspires to commit an offense under this section shall be subject
to the same penalties (other than the penalty of death) as the penalties
21 prescribed for the offense, the commission of which was the object of the
22 conspiracy.

23
1. Legal Definition of Torture in California
24

25
1.1. PC 206 torture vs. torture under California murder law
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 43
27
1 2. Penalties for California Penal Code 206 Torture
2

3 3. Legal Defenses to California Torture Charges

4
4. PC 206 Torture and Related Offenses
5

6
4.1. PC 203 & 205 mayhem
7

8 4.2. PC 243(d) aggravated battery

10 4.3. PC 273.5 corporal injury on an intimate partner

11 If, after reading this article, you would like more information, we invite you to contact us
at Shouse Law Group.
12

13 1. Legal Definition of Torture in California


14 You are only guilty of torture under California Penal Code 206 if your behavior meets
15 the formal legal definition of torture. That legal definition consists of the following
“elements of the crime” (that is, facts the prosecutor must be able to prove):
16
1. You inflicted great bodily injury on someone else; and
17
2. While inflicting the injury, you intended to cause cruel or extreme pain and suffering for
18 the purpose of revenge, extortion, or persuasion, or for any other sadistic purpose.6
19 Let's explore the meaning of the key terms in this legal definition.

20 Great bodily injury


21
For purposes of California torture law, great bodily injury means a significant or
22 substantial physical injury. It needs to be something more than minor or moderate
harm.7
23

24 1.1. PC 206 torture vs. torture under California murder law


25 The term “torture” also plays an important role in California murder law—but it means
something slightly different in that context.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 44
27
1 If a California murder is committed willfully and involves the use of torture, then it is
considered “special circumstances murder” (which means the potential penalties are life
2 in prison without parole or else the death penalty).19
3
And if you unintentionally kill someone while torturing them, you could be charged with
4 murder under California's “felony-murder rule."20

5 But those aspects of our state's murder law rely on a different definition of torture. In
order to be guilty of special circumstances murder or felony-murder because of an act
6 involving torture, you must have:
7
1. Had a premeditated intent to cause severe or extreme pain; and
8
Intended to inflict pain for a prolonged period of time.2118 U.S. Code §
9
668 - Theft of major artwork
10
• US Code
11
• Notes
12
prev | next
13
(a)DEFINITIONS.—In this section—
14
(1)“museum” means an organized and permanent institution, the activities of
15 which affect interstate or foreign commerce, that—

16 (A)

17 is situated in the United States;


18 (B)
19 is established for an essentially educational or aesthetic purpose;
20 (C)
21
has a professional staff; and
22
(D)
23
owns, utilizes, and cares for tangible objects that are exhibited to the public on a
24 regular schedule.

25 (2)“object of cultural heritage” means an object that is—

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 45
27
1 (A)

2 over 100 years old and worth in excess of $5,000; or

3 (B)
4 worth at least $100,000.
5 (b)OFFENSES.—A person who—
6 (1)
7
steals or obtains by fraud from the care, custody, or control of
8 a museum any object of cultural heritage; or

9 (2)

10 knowing that an object of cultural heritage has been stolen or obtained by fraud, if
in fact the object was stolen or obtained from the care, custody, or control of a
11 museum (whether or not that fact is known to the person), receives, conceals,
12 exhibits, or disposes of the object,

13 shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

14 (Added Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXII, § 320902(a), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2123;
amended Pub. L. 104–294, title VI, § 604(b)(18), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3507.)
15
2.
16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 46
27
1

10

11

12

13 Murder by torture is considered "special circumstances" murder in California.

14 By contrast, the crime of torture under Penal Code 206 PC does not require that the
intent to inflict pain be premeditated.
15
It also does not require that there be an intent to inflict prolonged pain—an intent to
16 inflict pain only very briefly will do.22
17

18
[USC04] 18 USC Ch. 31: EMBEZZLEMENT AND THEFT
19

20
uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?path=/prelim@title18/part1/chapter31&edition...
21

22
1.
23
2.
24
Theft, embezzlement, or misapplication by bank officer or employee. .... sections 2316 and
25 2317 of this title ] may be cited as the 'Livestock Fraud Protection Act'.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 47
27
1

2 Title 18 of the United States Code - Wikipedia


3

4
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Title_18_of_the_United_States_Code
5

6
1.
7
2.
8
Title 18 of the United States Code is the main criminal code of the federal government of the ...
9 Section 38 deals with "fraud involving aircraft or space vehicle parts in interstate or foreign
commerce". Section 39.1 prohibits unauthorized traffic ...
10
Part I—Crimes · Chapters 1–10 · Chapters 11–123 · Part II—Criminal Procedure
11

12
826. Applicability of 18 U.S.C. § 1344 | JM | Department of Justice
13

14

15 https://www.justice.gov/jm/criminal-resource-manual-826-applicability-18-usc-1344

16
1.
17
Section 1344 of Title 18, United States Code, covers any scheme to defraud occurring ... The
18
statutory language is modeled directly after the mail fraud statute.
19

20
879. Bankruptcy Fraud—18 U.S.C. § 157 | USAM | Department of Justice
21

22
https://www.justice.gov/usam/criminal-resource-manual-879-bankruptcy-fraud-18-usc...
23

24
1.
25
2.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 48
27
1 Case law from the wire, bank, and mail fraud statutes, 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343, and 1344,
which have similar language, will be very useful in determining the ...
2

3
About The Law - US Code - Syracuse University
4

6 trac.syr.edu/laws/

8 1.

9 2.

10 18 USC 00038, Fraud involving aircraft or space vehicle parts. 18 USC 00081, Arson in special
maritime and territorial jurisdic. 18 USC 00111, Assaulting, ...
11

12
Bank Fraud - 18 U.S.C. § 1344 - Burnham & Gorokhov, PLLC
13

14

15 www.burnhamgorokhov.com/criminal-defense-resources/federal-crimes/bank-fraud

16
1.
17
Bank Fraud – 18 U.S.C. § 1344. At its core, bank fraud involves a scheme to defraud a
18
financial institution. Bank fraud can cover a wide variety of conduct such ...
19

20
White Collar Crime | Law Offices of Seth P. Chazin
21

22
https://www.bayarea-attorney.com/CM/Articles/WhiteCollarCrime.asp
23

24
1.
25

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 49
27
1 Federal law defines computer fraud as the use of a computer to create a ... U.S.C. §
1029 Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Access Devices ...
2
Searches related to US CODE EMBEZZLEMENT LAUNDERING
3
us code title 18 part 1 chapter 11
4
18 u.s. code § 1341
5
18 usc 1343
6
18 usc 1344
7
18 usc 1001
8
18 usc 1349
9

10 18 usc 1347

11 title 18 united states code sections 1343 and 1346

12
Page Navigation

13
12345678910Next
14

15

16

17 18 U.S. Code § 1956 - Laundering of monetary


18 instruments
19• US Code

• Notes
20
• Authorities (CFR)
21
prev | next
22
(a)
23
(1)Whoever, knowing that the property involved in a financial transaction
24 represents the proceeds of some form of unlawful activity, conducts or
25
attempts to conduct such a financial transaction which in fact involves the
proceeds of specified unlawful activity—
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 50
27
1 (A)
2 (i)
3 with the intent to promote the carrying on of specified unlawful activity; or
4 (ii)
5 with intent to engage in conduct constituting a violation of section 7201 or
7206 of the Internal
6

10 18 U.S. Code Chapter 47 - FRAUD AND FALSE


11 STATEMENTS
12• US Code

• Notes
13
prev | next
14
• § 1001 - Statements or entries generally
15
• § 1002 - Possession of false papers to defraud United States
16 • § 1003 - Demands against the United States
17 • § 1004 - Certification of checks
• § 1005 - Bank entries, reports and transactions
18
• § 1006 - Federal credit institution entries, reports and transactions
19 • § 1007 - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation transactions
20

21 18 U.S. Code Chapter 113 - STOLEN PROPERTY


22
18 U.S. Code § 2319A - Unauthorized fixation of
23 and trafficking in sound recordings and music
24 videos of live musical performances
25• US Code

26• Notes
[PLEADING TITLE] - 51
27
1 prev | next
2 (a)OFFENSE.—Whoever, without the consent of the performer or performers
involved, knowingly and for purposes of commercial advantage or private
3
financial gain—
4
(1)
5
fixes the sounds or sounds and images of a live musical performance in
6 a copy or phonorecord, or reproduces copies or phonorecords of such a
performance from an unauthorized fixation;
7
(2)
8
transmits or otherwise communicates to the public the sounds or sounds and
9 images of a live musical performance; or
10 (3)
11 distributes or offers to distribute, sells or offers to sell, rents or offers to
rent, or traffics in any copy or phonorecord fixed as described in paragraph
12
(1), regardless of whether the fixations occurred in the United States;
13
shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years or fined in the amount set
14 forth in this title, or both, or if the offense is a second or
subsequent offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 10 years or fined
15 in the amount set forth in this title, or both.
16 (b)FORFEITURE AND DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY; RESTITUTION.—
17 Forfeiture, destruction, and restitution relating to this section shall be
subject to section 2323, to the extent provided in that section, in addition to
18
any other similar remedies provided by law.
19
(c)SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE.—
20
If copies or phonorecords of sounds or sounds and images of a live musical
21 performance are fixed outside of the United States without the consent of
the performer or performers involved, such copies or phonorecords are
22 subject to seizure and forfeiture in the United States in the same manner as
property imported in violation of the customs laws. The Secretary of
23 Homeland Security shall issue regulations by which any performer may,
24 upon payment of a specified fee, be entitled to notification by United States
Customs and Border Protection of the importation of copies
25 or phonorecords that appear to consist of unauthorized fixations of the
sounds or sounds and images of a live musical performance.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 52
27
1 (d)VICTIM IMPACT STATEMENT.—
2 (1)
3 During preparation of the presentence report pursuant to Rule 32(c) of the
Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, victims of the offense shall be permitted
4
to submit, and the probation officer shall receive, a victim
5 impact statement that identifies the victim of the offense and the extent and
scope of the injury and loss suffered by the victim, including the estimated
6 economic impact of the offense on that victim.
7 (2)Persons permitted to submit victim impact statements shall include—
8 (A)
9 producers and sellers of legitimate works affected by conduct involved in
the offense;
10
(B)
11
holders of intellectual property rights in such works; and
12
(C)
13
the legal representatives of such producers, sellers, and holders.
14
(e)DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section—
15
(1)
16
the terms “copy”, “fixed”, “musical work”, “phonorecord”, “reproduce”,
17
“sound recordings”, and “transmit” mean those terms within the meaning of
18 title 17; and

19 (2)

20 the term “traffic” has the same meaning as in section 2320(e) [1] of this title.

21 (f)APPLICABILITY.—

22 This section shall apply to any Act or Acts that occur on or after the date of
the enactment of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act.
23
(Added Pub. L. 103–465, title V, § 513(a), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4974;
24 amended Pub. L. 105–147, § 2(e), Dec. 16, 1997, 111 Stat. 2679; Pub. L.
109–181, § 2(c)(1), Mar. 16, 2006, 120 Stat. 288; Pub. L. 110–403, title II,
25
§ 203, Oct. 13, 2008, 122 Stat. 4261.)
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 53
27
1

4 10 U.S. Code § 918 - Art. 118. Murder | US Law | LII / Legal Information ...
5

6
https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/918
7

8
1.
9
2.
10
is engaged in the perpetration or attempted perpetration of burglary, forcible sodomy, rape, rape
11 of a child, sexual assault, sexual assault of a child, aggravated ...

12

13 10 U.S. Code § 1565b - Victims of sexual assault: access to legal ...


14

15
https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/1565b
16

17
1.
18 2.
19 Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of the armed ... sexual
assault,forcible sodomy, aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual ...
20

21
Williams v. State | LII / Legal Information Institute
22

23

24 https://www.law.cornell.edu/women-and-justice/resource/williams_v_state
25

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 54
27
1 1.

2 A jury found Mr. Williams guilty of burglary and sodomy in the first degree. ... Mr. Williams
argued, among other things, that Alabama's forcible sodomy statute ...
3

4
Sexual violence and rape - Cornell Legal Information Institute
5

7 https://www.law.cornell.edu/women-and-justice/topic/sexual_violence_and_rape

9 Abortion and reproductive health rights, International law, Sexual violence ...... that
Alabama's forcible sodomy statute was unconstitutional because it excluded a ...
10

11
28 CFR Appendix A to Part 811, Listing of Sex Offender Registration ...
12

13

14 https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/28/appendix-A_to_part_811

15

16 1.

2.
17
(c) Rape;. (d) Forcible sodomy;. (e) First degree child sexual abuse committed against a child
18
under 12;. (f) Carnal knowledge (statutory rape) committed against ...
19

20
10 U.S. Code Subchapter X - PUNITIVE ARTICLES | US Law | LII ...
21

22
https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/subtitle-A/part-II/chapter.../subchapter-X
23

24
1.
25
2.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 55
27
1 Items 877 - 934 - Forcible sodomy; bestiality · § 926 - Art. 126. Arson · § 927 - Art. 127.
Extortion · § 928 - Art. 128. Assault · § 928a - Art. 128a] · § 929 - Art. 129.
2
[PDF]
3
76-5-403 Sodomy -- Forcible sodomy. (1) A person commits sodomy ...
4

6 https://le.utah.gov/xcode/Title76/Chapter5/C76-5-S403_1800010118000101.pdf

8 1.

9 2.

10
Utah Code. Page 1. 76-5-403 Sodomy -- Forcible sodomy. (1) A person commits sodomy when
the actor engages in any sexual act with a person who is 14.
11
Missing: statutes cornell
12
Searches related to STATUTES ON FORCIBLE SODOMY CORNELL
13
ucmj article 125 repeal
14
is article 125 still in effect
15
10 usc 917a
16
ucmj article 2
17
battery us code
18
ucmj title 10
19
10 usc 928
20
article 125 ucmj missionary position
21
Page Navigation
22

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24

25 49 U.S. Code § 46502 - Aircraft piracy


26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 56
27
1• US Code

2• Notes

3• Authorities (CFR)

4
prev | next

5
(a)IN SPECIAL AIRCRAFT JURISDICTION.—

6
(1)In this subsection—

7
(A)

8
“aircraft piracy” means seizing or exercising control of an aircraft in
the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States by force, violence, threat
9 of force or violence, or any form of intimidation, and with wrongful intent.

10 (B)

11 an attempt to commit aircraftpiracy is in the special aircraft jurisdiction of


the United Statesalthough the aircraft is not in flight at the time of the
12 attempt if the aircraft would have been in the special aircraft jurisdiction of
the United States had the aircraft piracy been completed.
13
(2)An individual committing or attempting or conspiring to
14
commit aircraft piracy—
15
(A)
16
shall be imprisoned for at least 20 years; or
17
(B)
18
notwithstanding section 3559(b) of title 18, if the death of another individual
19 results from the commission or attempt, shall be put to death or imprisoned
for life.
20
(b)OUTSIDE SPECIAL AIRCRAFT JURISDICTION.—
21
(1)An individual committing or conspiring to commit an offense (as defined
22 in the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft) on
an aircraft in flight outside the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United
23
States—
24
(A)
25
shall be imprisoned for at least 20 years; or
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 57
27
1 (B)
2 notwithstanding section 3559(b) of title 18, if the death of another individual
results from the commission or attempt, shall be put to death or imprisoned
3
for life.
4
(2)There is jurisdiction over the offense in paragraph (1) if—
5
(A)
6
a national of the United Stateswas aboard the aircraft;
7
(B)
8
an offender is a national of the United States; or
9
(C)
10
an offender is afterwards found in the United States.
11
(3)
12
For purposes of this subsection, the term “national of the United States” has
13 the meaning prescribed in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)).
14
(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1241; Pub. L. 103–429,
15 § 6(61), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4385; Pub. L. 104–132, title VII,
§§ 721(a), 723(b), Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1298, 1300.)
16
the discretion of the Director, terminate the employment of ...
17

18
LII: Statutes - Cornell Legal Information Institute - Cornell University
19

20

21 https://www.law.cornell.edu/statutes.html

22

231.

242.

25 Legal information organized by topic and source from Cornell Law School.

26 Missing: hijacking | Must include: hijacking


[PLEADING TITLE] - 58
27
1

2 15 U.S. Code Chapter 40 - DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE | US Law ...


3

4
https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/15/chapter-40
5

6
1.
7
2.
8
1501 - Establishment of Department; Secretary; seal · § 1502 - Omitted · § 1503a - Under
9 Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs · § 1503b - Under ...

10 Missing: hijacking | Must include: hijacking

11

12 28 CFR 104.61 - Limitation on civil actions. | US Law | LII / Legal ...

13

14
https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/28/104.61
15

161.

17 ... source obligations, or to a civil action against any person who is a knowing participant in any
conspiracy to hijack any aircraft or commit any terrorist act.
18

19
14 CFR 91.1105 - Flight attendants - Cornell Legal Information Institute
20

21

22 https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/14/91.1105
23

241.

25 ... the means of communicating with other flight crewmembers, including emergency means in
the case of attempted hijacking or other unusual situations; and.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 59
27
1 [PDF]

2 From Piracy on the High Seas to Piracy in the High Skies: A Study of ...
3

4
scholarship.law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1556&context=cilj
5

6
1.
7
by PM Jacobson - Cited by 21 - Related articles
8
inclusion in Cornell International Law Journal by an authorized administrator of ... See, e.g.,
9 Shubber, IsHijacking of Aircraft Piracy in International Law? 43 Barr.

10

11 14 CFR 121.421 - Flight attendants: Initial and transition ground training.

12

13
https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/14/121.421
14

151.

162.

17 Cornell Law SchoolSearch Cornell ... other flight crewmembers, including emergency means in
the case of attempted hijacking or other unusual situations; and.
18

19
Admiralty - Cornell Legal Information Institute
20

21

22 https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/admiralty

23

241.

252.

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 60
27
1 Admiralty: An OverviewAdmiralty law or maritime law is the distinct body of law ...
[[wex:piracy_(maritime)|Piracy]] (ship hijacking) is also an aspect of admiralty.
2
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11 U.S. Code § 523 - Exceptions to discharge


24

25
• US Code

26
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1• Notes

2 prev | next

3 (a)A discharge under section 727, 1141, 1228(a), 1228(b), or 1328(b) of


this title does not discharge an individual debtor from any debt—
4
(1)for a tax or a customs duty—
5
(A)
6
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7 this title, whether or not a claim for such tax was filed or allowed;
8 (B)with respect to which a return, or equivalent report or notice, if
9
required—

10
(i)

11
was not filed or given; or

12
(ii)

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Dec 1, 2011 - and Related Laws Contained in Tıtle 17 of the United States Code ..... Anti-
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26 www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/us/us189en.pdf
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2 below of statutory enactments contained in title 17 of the United States Code. ... Piracy
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10 1.

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andCounterfeiting Amendments Act of 1982, Pub. .... Digital Performance Right
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25 18 U.S. Code § 1091 - Genocide | US Law | LII / Legal Information ...

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https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/1091
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(a)Basic Offense.—Whoever, whether in time of peace or in time of war and with the specific
7 intent to destroy, in whole or in substantial part, a national, ethnic, ...

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19. Genocide (18 U.S.C. 1091) | JM | Department of Justice
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25 Section 1091 of Title 18, United States Code, prohibits genocide whether ... attacks with the
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4 18 U.S. Code § 1091 - Genocide


5• US Code

6• Notes

prev | next
7

8 (a)BASIC OFFENSE.—Whoever, whether in time of peace or in time of war and with


the specific intent to destroy, in whole or in substantial part, a national, ethnic,
9 racial, or religious group as such—

10 (1)

11 kills members of that group;


12 (2)
13 causes serious bodily injury to members of that group;
14 (3)
15
causes the permanent impairment of the mental faculties of members of the group
16 through drugs, torture, or similar techniques;

17 (4)

18 subjects the group to conditions of life that are intended to cause the physical
destruction of the group in whole or in part;
19
(5)
20
imposes measures intended to prevent births within the group; or
21
(6)
22
transfers by force children of the group to another group;
23
shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).
24

25 (b)PUNISHMENT FOR BASIC OFFENSE.—The punishment for an offense under


subsection (a) is—
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 67
27
1 (1)

2 in the case of an offense under subsection (a)(1), where death results, by death or
imprisonment for life and a fine of not more than $1,000,000, or both; and
3
(2)
4
a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty
5
years, or both, in any other case.
6
(c)INCITEMENT OFFENSE.—
7
Whoever directly and publicly incites another to violate subsection (a) shall be fined
8 not more than $500,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

9 (d)ATTEMPT AND CONSPIRACY.—


10 Any person who attempts or conspires to commit an offense under this section shall
11 be punished in the same manner as a person who completes the offense.

12 (e)JURISDICTION.—There is jurisdiction over the offenses described in subsections


(a), (c), and (d) if—
13
(1)
14
the offense is committed in whole or in part within the United States; or
15
(2)regardless of where the offense is committed, the alleged offender is—
16
(A)
17
a national of the United States (as that term is defined in section 101 of the
18
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101));
19
(B)
20
an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States (as that
21 term is defined in section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
1101));
22
(C)
23
a stateless person whose habitual residence is in the United States; or
24
(D)
25
present in the United States.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 68
27
1 (f)NONAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN LIMITATIONS.—

2 Notwithstanding section 3282, in the case of an offenseunder this section, an


indictment may be found, or information instituted, at any time without limitation.
3
(Added Pub. L. 100–606, § 2(a), Nov. 4, 1988, 102 Stat. 3045; amended Pub. L.
4
103–322, title VI, § 60003(a)(13), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1970; Pub. L. 107–
5 273, div. B, title IV, § 4002(a)(4), (b)(7), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1806, 1808; Pub.
L. 110–151, § 2, Dec. 21, 2007, 121 Stat. 1821; Pub. L. 111–122, § 3(a), Dec. 22,
6
2009, 123 Stat. 3481.)
7

8
18 U.S. Code § 2384 - Seditious conspiracy
9
• US Code
10
• Notes
11
prev | next
12
If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to
13 the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to
destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against
14 them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent,
hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to
15
seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the
16 authority thereof, they shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not
more than twenty years, or both.
17 (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; July 24, 1956, ch. 678, § 1, 70 Stat.
623; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(N), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
18
2148.)
19

20
18 U.S. Code Chapter 115 - TREASON, SEDITION,
21
AND SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES
22
• US Code
23
• Notes
24
prev | next
25
• § 2381 - Treason
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 69
27
1 • § 2382 - Misprision of treason
• § 2383 - Rebellion or insurrection
2
• § 2384 - Seditious conspiracy
3 • § 2385 - Advocating overthrow of Government
• § 2386 - Registration of certain organizations
4 • § 2387 - Activities affecting armed forces generally
5 • § 2388 - Activities affecting armed forces during war
• § 2389 - Recruiting for service against United States
6 • § 2390 - Enlistment to serve against United States
• § 2391 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, § 330004(13), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2142]
7

10

11

12

13 CHAPTER 115—TREASON, SEDITION, AND SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES


Sec.
14
2381.
15
Treason.
16
2382.
17
Misprision of treason.
18
2383.
19
Rebellion or insurrection.
20
2384.
21
Seditious conspiracy.
22
2385.
23
Advocating overthrow of Government.
24
2386.
25
Registration of certain organizations.
26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 70
27
1 2387.

2 Activities affecting armed forces generally.

3 2388.

4 Activities affecting armed forces during war.

5 2389.

6 Recruiting for service against United States.

7 2390.

8 Enlistment to serve against United States.

9 [2391.

10 Repealed.]

11

12

13
WHETHER YOU ARE IN ABU GRAIL PRISON THOUGH AND NEVER
14
NUCLEAR REFURBISH YOUR ONES DEPUTY DISTRICT ATTORNEY S
15 RECKLESS ABANDONMENT COMING OR GOING
16

17

18

19

20 AMENDMENTS
1994—Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330004(13), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2142, struck out
21
item 2391 "Temporary extension of section 2388".
22 1953—Act June 30, 1953, ch. 175, §5, 67 Stat. 134, added item 2391.
§2381. Treason
23
Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres to their
24 enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason
and shall suffer death, or shall be imprisoned not less than five years and fined under this title
25 but not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 71
27
1 (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 807; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(2)(J), Sept. 13,
1994, 108 Stat. 2148.)
2
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
3 Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§1, 2 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §§1, 2, 35 Stat. 1088).

4 Section consolidates sections 1 and 2 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.

5 The language referring to collection of the fine was omitted as obsolete and repugnant to the
more humane policy of modern law which does not impose criminal consequences on the
6 innocent.
The words "every person so convicted of treason" were omitted as redundant.
7
Minor change was made in phraseology.
8
AMENDMENTS
9 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 inserted "under this title but" before "not less than $10,000".
§
10 2382. Misprision of treason
Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States and having knowledge of the commission of
11 any treason against them, conceals and does not, as soon as may be, disclose and make
known the same to the President or to some judge of the United States, or to the governor or to
12 some judge or justice of a particular State, is guilty of misprision of treason and shall be fined
under this title or imprisoned not more than seven years, or both.
13
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 807; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(H), Sept. 13,
14 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
15
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §3 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §3, 35 Stat. 1088).
16
Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.
17 AMENDMENTS
18 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $1,000".
§ 02383. Rebellion or insurrection
19
Whoever incites, sets on foot, assists, or engages in any rebellion or insurrection against the
20 authority of the United States or the laws thereof, or gives aid or comfort thereto, shall be fined
under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; and shall be incapable of holding
21 any office under the United States.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(L), Sept. 13,
22 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

23 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES


Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §4 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §4, 35 Stat. 1088).
24
Word "moreover" was deleted as surplusage and minor changes were made in phraseology.
25

26
[PLEADING TITLE] - 72
27
1 AMENDMENTS
1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $10,000".
2
§ 2384. Seditious conspiracy
3
If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of
the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of
4
the United States, or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by
5 force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to
seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they
6 shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; July 24, 1956, ch. 678, §1, 70 Stat. 623; Pub. L. 103–
7 322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(N), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2148.)

8 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES


Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §6 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §6, 35 Stat. 1089).
9
AMENDMENTS
10 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $20,000".

11 1956—Act July 24, 1956, substituted "$20,000" for "$5,000", and "twenty years" for "six
years".
12
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1956 AMENDMENT
13 Act July 24, 1956, ch. 678, §3, 70 Stat. 624, provided that: "The foregoing amendments
[amending this section and section 2385 of this title] shall apply only with respect to offenses
14 committed on and after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 24, 1956]."
§
15 2385. Advocating overthrow of Government
Whoever knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity,
16 desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States or
the government of any State, Territory, District or Possession thereof, or the government of any
17 political subdivision therein, by force or violence, or by the assassination of any officer of any
such government; or
18 Whoever, with intent to cause the overthrow or destruction of any such government, prints,
publishes, edits, issues, circulates, sells, distributes, or publicly displays any written or printed
19 matter advocating, advising, or teaching the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of
overthrowing or destroying any government in the United States by force or violence, or
20 attempts to do so; or
Whoever organizes or helps or attempts to organize any society, group, or assembly of
21
persons who teach, advocate, or encourage the overthrow or destruction of any such
government by force or violence; or becomes or is a member of, or affiliates with, any such
22
society, group, or assembly of persons, knowing the purposes thereof—
23 Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both, and shall be
ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five
24 years next following his conviction.
If two or more persons conspire to commit any offense named in this section, each shall be
25 fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both, and shall be ineligible
for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years
26 next following his conviction.
[PLEADING TITLE] - 73
27
1 As used in this section, the terms "organizes" and "organize", with respect to any society,
group, or assembly of persons, include the recruiting of new members, the forming of new units,
2 and the regrouping or expansion of existing clubs, classes, and other units of such society,
group, or assembly of persons.
3 (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; July 24, 1956, ch. 678, §2, 70 Stat. 623; Pub. L. 87–
486, June 19, 1962, 76 Stat. 103; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(N), Sept. 13,
4
1994, 108 Stat. 2148.)
5 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
6 Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§10, 11, 13 (June 28, 1940, ch. 439, title I, §§2, 3, 5, 54
Stat. 670, 671).
7 Section consolidates sections 10, 11, and 13 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed. Section 13 of title
18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., which contained the punishment provisions applicable to sections 10 and
8 11 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., was combined with section 11 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., and
added to this section.
9
In first paragraph, words "the Government of the United States or the government of any
10 State, Territory, District or possession thereof, or the government of any political subdivision
therein" were substituted for "any government in the United States".
11
In second and third paragraphs, word "such" was inserted after "any" and before
12 "government", and words "in the United States" which followed "government" were omitted.

13 In view of these changes, the provisions of subsection (b) of section 10 of title 18, U.S.C.,
1940 ed., which defined the term "government in the United States" were omitted as
14 unnecessary.
Reference to conspiracy to commit any of the prohibited acts was omitted as covered by the
15
general conspiracy provision, incorporated in section 371 of this title. (See reviser's note under
that section.)
16
Words "upon conviction thereof" which preceded "be fined" were omitted as surplusage, as
17 punishment cannot be imposed until a conviction is secured.
18 The phraseology was considerably changed to effect consolidation but without any change of
substance.
19
AMENDMENTS
20 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $20,000" in
fourth and fifth pars.
21
1962—Pub. L. 87–486 defined the terms "organizes" and "organize".
22
1956—Act July 24, 1956, substituted "$20,000" for "$10,000", and "twenty years" for "ten
23 years" in the paragraph prescribing penalties applicable to advocating overthrow of government
and inserted provisions relating to conspiracy to commit any offense named in this section.
24 EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1956 AMENDMENT
25 Amendment by act July 24, 1956, as applicable only with respect to offenses committed on
and after July 24, 1956, see section 3 of act July 24, 1956, set out as a note under section 2384
26 of this title.
[PLEADING TITLE] - 74
27
§1 2386. Registration of certain organizations
(A) For the purposes of this section:
2 "Attorney General" means the Attorney General of the United States;
"Organization" means any group, club, league, society, committee, association, political party,
3
or combination of individuals, whether incorporated or otherwise, but such term shall not include
any corporation, association, community chest, fund, or foundation, organized and operated
4
exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes;
5 "Political activity" means any activity the purpose or aim of which, or one of the purposes or
aims of which, is the control by force or overthrow of the Government of the United States or a
6 political subdivision thereof, or any State or political subdivision thereof;
An organization is engaged in "civilian military activity" if:
7 (1) it gives instruction to, or prescribes instruction for, its members in the use of firearms or
other weapons or any substitute therefor, or military or naval science; or
8 (2) it receives from any other organization or from any individual instruction in military or
naval science; or
9 (3) it engages in any military or naval maneuvers or activities; or
(4) it engages, either with or without arms, in drills or parades of a military or naval
10 character; or
(5) it engages in any other form of organized activity which in the opinion of the Attorney
11 General constitutes preparation for military action;

12
An organization is "subject to foreign control" if:
13 (a) it solicits or accepts financial contributions, loans, or support of any kind, directly or
indirectly, from, or is affiliated directly or indirectly with, a foreign government or a political
14 subdivision thereof, or an agent, agency, or instrumentality of a foreign government or
political subdivision thereof, or a political party in a foreign country, or an international political
15 organization; or
(b) its policies, or any of them, are determined by or at the suggestion of, or in collaboration
16 with, a foreign government or political subdivision thereof, or an agent, agency, or
instrumentality of a foreign government or a political subdivision thereof, or a political party in
17 a foreign country, or an international political organization.
18
(B)(1) The following organizations shall be required to register with the Attorney General:
19
Every organization subject to foreign control which engages in political activity;
Every organization which engages both in civilian military activity and in political activity;
20
Every organization subject to foreign control which engages in civilian military activity; and
21 Every organization, the purpose or aim of which, or one of the purposes or aims of which, is
the establishment, control, conduct, seizure, or overthrow of a government or subdivision
22 thereof by the use of force, violence, military measures, or threats of any one or more of the
foregoing.
23 Every such organization shall register by filing with the Attorney General, on such forms and
in such detail as the Attorney General may by rules and regulations prescribe, a registration
24 statement containing the information and documents prescribed in subsection (B)(3) and shall
within thirty days after the expiration of each period of six months succeeding the filing of such
25 registration statement, file with the Attorney General, on such forms and in such detail as the
Attorney General may by rules and regulations prescribe, a supplemental statement containing
26 such information and documents as may be necessary to make the information and documents
[PLEADING TITLE] - 75
27
1 previously filed under this section accurate and current with respect to such preceding six
months' period. Every statement required to be filed by this section shall be subscribed, under
2 oath, by all of the officers of the organization.
(2) This section shall not require registration or the filing of any statement with the Attorney
3 General by:
(a) The armed forces of the United States; or
4 (b) The organized militia or National Guard of any State, Territory, District, or possession of
the United States; or
5 (c) Any law-enforcement agency of the United States or of any Territory, District or
possession thereof, or of any State or political subdivision of a State, or of any agency or
6 instrumentality of one or more States; or
(d) Any duly established diplomatic mission or consular office of a foreign government which
7 is so recognized by the Department of State; or
(e) Any nationally recognized organization of persons who are veterans of the armed forces
8 of the United States, or affiliates of such organizations.
(3) Every registration statement required to be filed by any organization shall contain the
9
following information and documents:
(a) The name and post-office address of the organization in the United States, and the names
10
and addresses of all branches, chapters, and affiliates of such organization;
11 (b) The name, address, and nationality of each officer, and of each person who performs the
functions of an officer, of the organization, and of each branch, chapter, and affiliate of the
12 organization;
(c) The qualifications for membership in the organization;
13 (d) The existing and proposed aims and purposes of the organization, and all the means by
which these aims or purposes are being attained or are to be attained;
14 (e) The address or addresses of meeting places of the organization, and of each branch,
chapter, or affiliate of the organization, and the times of meetings;
15 (f) The name and address of each person who has contributed any money, dues, property, or
other thing of value to the organization or to any branch, chapter, or affiliate of the organization;
16 (g) A detailed statement of the assets of the organization, and of each branch, chapter, and
affiliate of the organization, the manner in which such assets were acquired, and a detailed
17 statement of the liabilities and income of the organization and of each branch, chapter, and
affiliate of the organization;
18 (h) A detailed description of the activities of the organization, and of each chapter, branch,
and affiliate of the organization;
19 (i) A description of the uniforms, badges, insignia, or other means of identification prescribed
by the organization, and worn or carried by its officers or members, or any of such officers or
20 members;
(j) A copy of each book, pamphlet, leaflet, or other publication or item of written, printed, or
21 graphic matter issued or distributed directly or indirectly by the organization, or by any chapter,
branch, or affiliate of the organization, or by any of the members of the organization under its
22 authority or within its knowledge, together with the name of its author or authors and the name
and address of the publisher;
23 (k) A description of all firearms or other weapons owned by the organization, or by any
chapter, branch, or affiliate of the organization, identified by the manufacturer's number thereon;
24 (l) In case the organization is subject to foreign control, the manner in which it is so subject;
(m) A copy of the charter, articles of association, constitution, bylaws, rules, regulations,
25 agreements, resolutions, and all other instruments relating to the organization, powers, and
26
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1 purposes of the organization and to the powers of the officers of the organization and of each
chapter, branch, and affiliate of the organization; and
2 (n) Such other information and documents pertinent to the purposes of this section as the
Attorney General may from time to time require.
3 All statements filed under this section shall be public records and open to public examination
and inspection at all reasonable hours under such rules and regulations as the Attorney General
4 may prescribe.
(C) The Attorney General is authorized at any time to make, amend, and rescind such rules
5 and regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section, including rules and regulations
governing the statements required to be filed.
6 (D) Whoever violates any of the provisions of this section shall be fined under this title or
imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
7 Whoever in a statement filed pursuant to this section willfully makes any false statement or
willfully omits to state any fact which is required to be stated, or which is necessary to make the
8 statements made not misleading, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five
years, or both.
9
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(I), (L), Sept. 13,
10 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

11 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES


Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§14–17 (Oct. 17, 1940, ch. 897, §§1–4, 54 Stat. 1201–
12 1204).

13 Section consolidates sections 14–17 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., as subsections (a), (b), (c),
and (d), respectively, of this section, with necessary changes of phraseology and translation of
14 section references.
Words "upon conviction" which preceded "be subject" were omitted as surplusage, as
15
punishment cannot otherwise be imposed.
16 AMENDMENTS

17 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $10,000" in
penultimate par. and for "fined not more than $2,000" in last par.
18
§ 2387. Activities affecting armed forces generally
19 (a) Whoever, with intent to interfere with, impair, or influence the loyalty, morale, or discipline
of the military or naval forces of the United States:
20 (1) advises, counsels, urges, or in any manner causes or attempts to cause
insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval
21 forces of the United States; or
(2) distributes or attempts to distribute any written or printed matter which advises,
22 counsels, or urges insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the
military or naval forces of the United States—
23

24 Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both, and shall be
ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five
25 years next following his conviction.

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1 (b) For the purposes of this section, the term "military or naval forces of the United States"
includes the Army of the United States, the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Navy
2 Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, and Coast Guard Reserve of the United States; and, when
any merchant vessel is commissioned in the Navy or is in the service of the Army or the Navy,
3 includes the master, officers, and crew of such vessel.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 811; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, §46, 63 Stat. 96; Pub. L. 103–
4
322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V,
§515(f)(2), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3236.)
5
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
6
1948 ACT
7
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§9, 11, 13 (June 28, 1940, ch. 439, title I, §§1, 3, 5, 54
Stat. 670, 671).
8
Section consolidates sections 9, 11, and 13 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with only such
9 changes of phraseology as were necessary to effect consolidation.
10 The revised section extends the provisions so as to include the Coast Guard Reserve in its
coverage.
11
Words "upon conviction thereof" were omitted as unnecessary, as punishment cannot be
12 imposed until conviction is secured.
Reference to conspiracy to commit any of the prohibited acts was omitted as covered by the
13
general law incorporated in section 371 of this title. (See reviser's note under that section.)
14 Minor changes were made in arrangement and phraseology.
15 1949 ACT
This section [section 46] inserts the words, "Air Force," in subsection (b) of section 2387 of
16 title 18, U.S.C., in view of the establishment in 1947 of this separate branch of the armed
services.
17
AMENDMENTS
18 2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163 substituted "Navy Reserve" for "Naval Reserve".
19 1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more
than $10,000" in last par.
20
1949—Subsec. (b). Act May 24, 1949, made section applicable to the Air Force.
21
TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS
22 For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the
authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department
23 of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d),
552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security
24 Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of
Title 6.
25
Coast Guard transferred to Department of Transportation and functions, powers, and duties,
26 relating to Coast Guard, of Secretary of the Treasury and of other offices and officers of
[PLEADING TITLE] - 78
27
1 Department of the Treasury transferred to Secretary of Transportation by Pub. L. 89–670, Oct.
15, 1966, 80 Stat. 931, which created Department of Transportation. See section 108 of Title
2 49, Transportation.

3 Functions of all officers of Department of the Treasury and functions of all agencies and
employees of such Department transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the
4 Treasury, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or performance of any of his
functions, by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by Reorg. Plan No. 26, of 1950,
5 §§1, 2, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,
Government Organization and Employees. Such plan excepted from transfer functions of Coast
6 Guard and Commandant thereof when Coast Guard is operating as a part of the Navy
under section 1 and 3 of Title 14, Coast Guard.
7
§ 2388. Activities affecting armed forces during war
8 (a) Whoever, when the United States is at war, willfully makes or conveys false reports or
false statements with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the military or naval
9 forces of the United States or to promote the success of its enemies; or
Whoever, when the United States is at war, willfully causes or attempts to cause
10 insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty, in the military or naval forces of the United
States, or willfully obstructs the recruiting or enlistment service of the United States, to the injury
11 of the service or the United States, or attempts to do so—
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.
12 (b) If two or more persons conspire to violate subsection (a) of this section and one or more
such persons do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each of the parties to such
13 conspiracy shall be punished as provided in said subsection (a).
(c) Whoever harbors or conceals any person who he knows, or has reasonable grounds to
14
believe or suspect, has committed, or is about to commit, an offense under this section, shall be
fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
15
(d) This section shall apply within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States,
16 and on the high seas, as well as within the United States.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 811; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(L), Sept. 13,
17 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

18 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES


Based on sections 33, 34, 35, 37 of title 50, U.S.C., 1940 ed., War and National Defense
19 (June 15, 1917, ch. 30, title I, §§3, 4, 5, 8, 40 Stat. 219; Mar. 3, 1921, ch. 136, 41 Stat.
1359; Mar. 28, 1940, ch. 72, §2, 54 Stat. 79).
20
Sections 33, 34, 35, and 37 of title 50, U.S.C., 1940 ed., War and National Defense, were
21 consolidated. Sections 34, 35, and 37 of title 50, U.S.C., 1940 ed., War and National Defense,
are also incorporated in sections 791, 792, and 794 of this title, to which they relate.
22
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
23 AMENDMENTS
24 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $10,000" in
last par. of subsec. (a) and in subsec. (c).
25

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27
1 REPEALS
Section 7 of act June 30, 1953, ch. 175, 67 Stat. 134, repealed Joint Res. July 3, 1952, ch.
2 570, §1(a)(29), 66 Stat. 333; Joint Res. Mar. 31, 1953, ch. 13, §1, 67 Stat. 18, which had
provided that this section should continue in force until six months after the termination of the
3
National emergency proclaimed by 1950 Proc. No. 2914, which is set out as a note
preceding section 1 of Title 50, War and National Defense.
4
REPEAL OF EXTENSIONS OF WAR-TIME PROVISIONS
5
Section 6 of Joint Res. July 3, 1952, repealed Joint Res. Apr. 14, 1952, ch. 204, 66 Stat. 54,
6 as amended by Joint Res. May 28, 1952, ch. 339, 66 Stat. 96. Intermediate extensions by Joint
Res. June 14, 1952, ch. 437, 66 Stat. 137, and Joint Res. June 30, 1952, ch. 526, 66 Stat. 296,
7 which continued provisions until July 3, 1952, expired by their own terms.
§ 2389. Recruiting for service against United States
8
Whoever recruits soldiers or sailors within the United States, or in any place subject to the
9 jurisdiction thereof, to engage in armed hostility against the same; or
Whoever opens within the United States, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, a
10 recruiting station for the enlistment of such soldiers or sailors to serve in any manner in armed
hostility against the United States—
11 Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 811; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(H), Sept. 13,
12 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)
13 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §7 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §7, 35 Stat. 1089).
14
Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.
15
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
16
AMENDMENTS
17 1994—Pub. L. 103–322 substituted "fined under this title" for "fined not more than $1,000" in
last par.
18
§ 2390. Enlistment to serve against United States
19 Whoever enlists or is engaged within the United States or in any place subject to the
jurisdiction thereof, with intent to serve in armed hostility against the United States, shall be
20 fined under this title 1 or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 812; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, §330016(1)(B), Sept. 13,
21 1994, 108 Stat. 2146.)
22 HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §8 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §8, 35 Stat. 1089).
23
Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.
24
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
25

26
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1 AMENDMENTS
1994—Pub. L. 103–322, which directed the amendment of this section by striking "fined not
2 more than $100" and inserting "fined under this title", was executed by substituting "fined under
this title" for "fined $100", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
3
1
See 1994 Amendment note below.
4

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26
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