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EXERCÍCIOS DE VERIFICAÇÃO DE APRENDIZAGEM EM LÍNGUA ESTRANGEIRA MODERNA


INGLÊS
1. Read the text and answer the questions: (3,0)
CLEOPATRA - QUEEN OF EGYPT

Cleopatra was the name of the seven queens of ancient


Egypt. By far the most famous was Cleopatra VII, b. 69 BC. Her
extraordinary efforts to revive Ptolemaic power through her forceful
personality and political skill, and the romantic liaisons with prominent
Romans that this policy involved, have been the subject of much
literature, including William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and
George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra.

The daughter of PTOLEMY XII, Cleopatra became joint ruler with her younger brother
PTOLEMY XIII in 51 BC. Three years later they fought each other in a civil war, during which the
Roman general POMPEY THE GREAT came to Egypt and was assassinated by Ptolemy. Julius
CAESAR then invaded Egypt and defeated Ptolemy, who drowned in the Nile. Cleopatra married
another brother, Ptolemy XIV, but she also became Caesar's mistress and followed him to Rome,
where she stayed until his assassination (44 BC).

Returning to Egypt, Cleopatra ruled with her son by Caesar, Ptolemy XV, called
Caesarion, as joint king, Ptolemy XIV having been murdered on her orders. In 42 BC, when Mark
ANTONY came to Egypt, she became his mistress. They planned to set up a vast kingdom to be
inherited by her sons by Caesar and Antony. However, Octavian (later AUGUSTUS) defeated Antony
and Cleopatra in the Battle of ACTIUM (31 BC) and pursued them to Egypt. Antony committed
suicide. Cleopatra surrendered and sought to establish a relationship with Octavian. Failing, she
killed herself in August of the year 30 BC, allowing herself to be bitten by an asp (cobra), the royal
symbol of ancient Egypt. Her son, King Ptolemy XV, was murdered, and the Ptolemaic dynasty
ended.

a. How many queens did the name Cleopatra correspond?


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b. Who was the most famous of all of them?


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c. Mention two literature works related to Cleopatra.


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d. Did Cleopatra VII rule Egypt by herself?


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e. How did her brother Ptolemy III die?
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f. When did she become Mark Antony’s mistress?


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2. Change the sentences from ACTIVE to PASSIVE. (3,0)


Shakespeare wroteHamlet.
Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.
1. Waitresses and waiters serve costumers.
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2. Kathy returned the book to the library yesterday.
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3.Prof. Andrews teaches English.
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4.Alex prepares delicious meals.
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5.Jackie scored the winning goal.
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6. A hurricane destroyed the small fishing village.
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3. WRITE sentences in the passive to describe how CDs are made. (2,0)

a. new songs / write / by the musicians.


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b. the best songs / choose / by the group.
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c. a lot of songs / record / in the studio.
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d. thousands of CDs / sell / in the music stores.
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e. The Cds / produce / by the producers.
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 Leia o texto para responder às questões de 4 a 7.

Genetically modified foods


Genetically modified (GM) foods are foods derived from organisms whose genetic material
(DNA) has been modified in a way that does not occur naturally, e.g. through the introduction of a gene
from a different organism. Currently available GM foods stem mostly from plants, but in the future
foods derived from GM microorganisms or GM animals are likely to be introduced on the market. Most
existing genetically modified crops have been developed to improve yield, through the introduction of
resistance to plant diseases or of increased tolerance of herbicides.
In the future, genetic modification could be aimed at altering the nutrient content of food,
reducing its allergenic potential, or improving the efficiency of food production systems. All GM foods
should be assessed before being allowed on the market. FAO/WHO Codex guidelines exist for risk
analysis of GM food.

4. According to the text, genetically modified foods: (0,5)

(A) have their natural DNA altered by a gene of a different organism.

(B) are so widespread that they may be considered naturally occurring.

(C) are healthier although they don’t taste as good as non- GM foods.

(D) comprise mostly vegetables because GM animal products are banned.

(E) are mostly rejected after the FAO/WHO assessment.

5. De acordo com o texto, uma das vantagens dos produ- tos agrícolas geneticamente
modificados existentes é que esses produtos: (0,5)
(A) se caracterizam por uma aparência padronizada.

(B) alteram o DNA de pragas resistentes a herbicidas.

(C) aumentam a tolerância a alergias.

(D) possibilitam variação ilimitada das espécies.

(E) oferecem maior produtividade.

6. No trecho do segundo parágrafo “All GM foods should be assessed before being allowed on
the market.”, o termo em destaque pode ser corretamente substituído, sem alteração de
sentido, por: (0,5)
(A) could. (B) has to. (C) might. (D) ought to. (E) used to

7. No trecho final do primeiro parágrafo “through the introduction of resistance to plant


diseases”, o termo em destaque equivale, em português, a: (0,5)
(A) embora. (B) por meio de. (C) durante. (D) dentre. (E) também.

GOOD LUCK!