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Name: John Elijah G.

San Jose

Date: October 9, 2018

Lab Section: 4-ME B

Lab Title: Distillation and Vapor Pressure Test of Gasoline fuel

PreLab:

1. What scientific concept(s) is this lab about?

This lab is about the testing of gasoline fuel in terms of


distillation and vapor pressure

Gasoline is a complex mixture of relatively volatile


hydrocarbons that vary widely in their physical and chemical
properties.

Both of distillation and vapor pressure test is necessary in


determining the gasoline’s vaporization characteristics.

Whereas distillation is often do or is a standard test in


gasoline fuels, this test is done in order to determine the distillate
fuel content of a gaseous because premium gases such as high
octane is considered contaminated when such contents is found on
the test.

While vapor pressure test is the determination of vapor


pressure on a gasoline fuel, it is done because vapor pressure is
very crucial when it comes to the engine’s circulation of gas
because as the vapor pressure gets higher, vapor formation
increases in carburetors and fuel tanks, which contained by
evaporative loss control system.

2. What are the objectives for this lab?

 Definition and importance of distillation and vapor pressure on


gasoline fuels
 Equipment use on Distillation and Vapor Pressure Test
 Methods on Distillation and Vapor Pressure Test
3. What is overall purpose of the lab?

The overall purpose of this study is to show or conduct the


testing of distillation and vapor pressure on gasoline fuels, this lab
must show the necessity of this test and the effects that may
happen when this test is done. This lab must show the apparatus
that are used to conduct this test

4. What is your hypothesis for the lab experiment?

Distillation and Vapor Pressure Test must be available to be


done on public in order to determine the efficiency of different
gasoline fuels on different gasoline stations/companies, to
determine which of those is the more economical.

5. What reasoning did you use to arrive at your hypothesis?

This idea is come up because both distillation and vapor


pressure test can determine the efficiency of a gasoline fuel, which
may help a lot mostly nowadays the cost of our gasoline, is
drastically increasing every week.
Name: John Elijah G. San Jose

Date: October 9, 2018

Lab Section: 4-ME B

Lab Title: Calorific Test of Gaseous fuel

PreLab:

1. What scientific concept(s) is this lab about?

This lab is about the testing of calorific value on a certain gaseous


fuel

Calorific value is the measure of heating power and is


dependent upon the composition of the gas; it is usually
expressed in kJ/kg. The CV refers to the amount of energy released
when a known volume of gas is completely combusted under
specified conditions.

Quantity of heat released during the complete combustion of


one cubic meter of gas under “normal” temperature and pressure
conditions (1.01325 bar or 101 325 Pascal at 0°C) when the water
formed during combustion remains as steam and the combustion
products are evacuated under normalised test conditions.

Combustion is the chemical reaction that occurs between a f


uel and a combustion agent, for example oxygen in

2. What are the objectives for this lab?

 Define Calorific value


 Equipment that is used in Calorific Value Test
 Computations use for getting the Calorific Value of a certain
Gaseous Fuel
3. What is overall purpose of the lab?

This lab aims to define what is the importance of calorific


value in the oil and gas industry; it also shows what may be the
consequences when this test is not done on a certain gaseous fuel.
Measuring this can determine the most efficient on different types of
fuel.

4. What is your hypothesis for the lab experiment?

There should be a way to increase the calorific value of an


gaseous fuel especially biogas by an certain equipment and
apparatus, to make us environmental.

5. What reasoning did you use to arrive at your hypothesis?

I come up with this idea because the gaseous with the highest
calorific value is the commercial butane which is harmful to our
health, by finding a way to increase a the calorific value of a fuel this
may make us environmental, economical, and healthier.