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Fall 2018 Quiz 3 Date: Oct 17 2018

1. a. What are the components of cement concrete? (1 point)
b. What are the first 3 steps in designing the concrete mix? (1 point)

2. The typical water-cement ratio is 0.40-0.45. The water-cement ratio needed for hydration is
0.22-0.25. Why is the extra water necessary? Explain. (1 points)
3. Two batches of cement mortar with properties as shown in table below. If mortar cubes are
made from these batches, which batch do you expect to have larger compressive strength?
Why? (2 points)

Batch Water-cement Superplasticizer
number ratio content
1 0.5 0
2 0.5 1 fl oz/yd cube

4. If you were a materials engineer in Minnesota (cold climate) and could use only one type of
admixture, which would you select? Explain. (2 points)
5. The results of a laboratory experiment to evaluate the effects of a plasticizer are shown below.
a. Calculate the water-cement ratio in each of 3 cases.
b. Using water reducer, how can we improve workability without changing the compressive
strength? Refer to the appropriate case in the table. (3 points)

With water reducer
Without water reducer case 1 case 2 case 3
Cement content (kg/m3) 815 815 815 734
Water content (kg/m3 446 446 355 402
Compressive strength (Mpa) 37.8 38 46 37.9