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DISEÑO DE ZAPATA DE MEDIANERA

Datos:

f'c= 210 [Kg/cm²] P1= 44.244 [Tn] P2= 62.378 [Tn]
Fy= 4200 [Kg/cm²] Pu1= 55.328 [Tn] Pu2= 78.985 [Tn]
σadm= 1.3 [Kg/cm²] L Columna(b)= 30 [cm] L Columna(b)= 30.0 [cm]
r= 8 [cm] A Columna(a)= 20 [cm] A Columna(a)= 20.0 [cm]
l= 3.8 [m]
1. Predimensionamiento
1.1 Dimensionamiento en planta.
Para la zapata 1, de la medianera: A 1= 2B1

�=√(𝑃_1/(2×𝜎_𝑎𝑑𝑚 ))

�=√(44244/(2×1.3))
44244

B= 130.4 [cm]

.:. A1= 270 [cm]

�_𝑢1=𝑃_𝑢1/(𝐴_1∙�_1 )

�_𝑢1=53328/ 55328
(135∙270)

qu1= 1.52 [Kg/cm²]

�=√(𝑃_2/𝜎_𝑎𝑑𝑚 )

�=√(44244/1.3)
62378.000 [Tn]

B= 219.1 [cm]

.:. A2= 220 [cm]

�_𝑢2=𝑃_𝑢1/(𝐴_1∙�_1 )
�_𝑢2=𝑃_𝑢1/(𝐴_1∙�_1 )

�_𝑢2=78985/ 78985.000 [Tn]
(220∙220)

qu2= 1.64 [Kg/cm²]

1.2 Dimensionamiento en elevacion.
a) Verificacion a corte por flexion
Asumimos un ancho de nervio B= 35 [cm]

a.1) Para la zapata 1:
�_1𝑥=�_1𝑦 𝑚^2/2
𝑚=(𝐴_1−"B" )/2 �_1𝑦=�_𝑢1∙�_1
�_1𝑦=1.52∙135 �_1𝑥=205.2∙ 〖 117.5
𝑚=(270−"35" )/2 〗 ^2/2
q1y= 205.2 [Kg/cm]
M1x= 1416521 [Kg-cm]
m= 117.5 [cm]
�_𝑢1=(�_𝑢1 (𝑚−𝑑_1
))/(∅𝑑_1 )

Asumiendo una altura util de d1= 25 [cm]

�_𝑢=(1.52 ∙(117.5−25))/
(0.75∙25)

vu= 7.50 [Kg/cm²]

�_𝑐=0.53√( 〖�′〗 _𝑐 )
�_𝑐=0.53√210
vc= 7.68 [Kg/cm²]

vu= 7.50 [Kg/cm²] < vc= 7.68 [Kg/cm²] CUMPLE

a.2) Para la zapata 2:
�_2𝑥=�_2𝑦 𝑛^2/2
𝑛=(�_2−"B" )/2 �_2𝑦=�_𝑢2∙�_2
�_2𝑦=1.64∙220 �_2𝑥=360.8∙ 〖 92.5 〗
𝑛=(220−"35 " )/2
^2/2
q2y= 360.8 [Kg/cm]
n= 92.5 [cm] Mx= 1543547.5 [Kg-cm]

�_𝑢2=(�_𝑢2
(𝑛−𝑑_2 ))/(∅𝑑_2 )
Asumiendo una altura util de d2= 25 [cm]

�_𝑢=(1.64 ∙(92.5−25))/
(0.75∙25)

vu= 5.90 [Kg/cm²]

�_𝑐=0.53√( 〖�′〗 _𝑐 )

�_𝑐=0.53√210

vc= 7.68 [Kg/cm²]

vu= 5.90 [Kg/cm²] < vc= 7.68 [Kg/cm²] CUMPLE

.:. El canto util sera:
d1= 25 [cm] d2= 25 [cm]
h1= 32.5 [cm] h2= 32.5 [cm]

3. CALCULO DEL REFUERZO DE ACERO POR FLEXION
Para la Zapata 1:
Para la armadura As1y, se adoptara el area de acero mayor entre las dos siguientes ecuaciones:

𝐴_𝑠1𝑦=(0.85∙ 〖� ^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_1∙𝑑)/𝐹𝑦 [1−√(1−(2∙�_1𝑥)/(0.85∙∅∙ 〖�
^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_1∙𝑑^2 ))] 1416521.25 [Kg-cm]

𝐴_𝑠1𝑦=(0.85∙210∙135∙25)/4200 [1−√(1−(2∙1416521.25)/
(0.85∙0.9∙210∙135∙ 〖 25 〗 ^2 ))]

As1y= 15.87 [cm²]

La armadura minima As1 es igual a=
𝐴_(𝑠1𝑦
𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙�_1∙ℎ
𝐴_(𝑠1𝑦 𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙135∙30
A s1y min= 7.29 [cm²]

Entonces el el area de acero necesaria As1y es= 15.87 [cm²]

Si usamos varillas de= 16.00 [mm]

�°�𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑠=15.87/(((𝜋∙ 〖 1.6 〗
^2)/4) )
�°�𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑠=15.87/(((𝜋∙ 〖 1.6 〗
^2)/4) )

N varillas= 8

Entonces se colocaran 8 varillas de diametro 16 mm cada 17 cm.

La armadura minima As1x es igual a=
𝐴_(𝑠1𝑥
𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙𝐴_1∙ℎ_1
𝐴_(𝑠1𝑥 𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙270∙30
A s1x min= 14.58 [cm²]

Si usamos varillas de= 12.00 [mm]

�°�𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑠=14.58/(((𝜋∙ 〖 1.2 〗
^2)/4) )

N varillas= 13

Entonces se colocaran 13 varillas de diametro 12 mm cada 21 cm.

Para la Zapata 2:
Para la armadura As2y, se adoptara el area de acero mayor entre las dos siguientes ecuaciones:

𝐴_𝑠2𝑦=(0.85∙ 〖� ^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑)/𝐹𝑦 [1−√(1−(2∙�_1𝑥)/(0.85∙∅∙ 〖�
^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑^2 ))] 1543547.50 [Kg-cm]

𝐴_𝑠2𝑦=(0.85∙210∙220∙25)/4200 [1−√(1−(2∙1543547.50)/
(0.85∙0.9∙210∙220∙ 〖 25 〗 ^2 ))]

As2y= 16.95 [cm²]

La armadura minima As2y es igual a=
𝐴_(𝑠2𝑦
𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙�_2∙ℎ_2
𝐴_(𝑠2𝑦 𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙220∙30

A s2y min= 11.88 [cm²]

Entonces el el area de acero necesaria As1y es= 16.95 [cm²]

Si usamos varillas de= 16.00 [mm]
�°�𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑠=16.95/(((𝜋∙ 〖 1.6 〗
^2)/4) )

N varillas= 9

Entonces se colocaran 9varillas de diametro 16 mm cada 25 cm.

𝐴_(𝑠1𝑥 𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙𝐴_2∙ℎ_2
𝐴_(𝑠1𝑥 𝑚𝑖𝑛)=0.0018∙220∙30
A s1x min= 11.88 [cm²]

Si usamos varillas de= 12.00 [mm]

�°�𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑠=11.88/(((𝜋∙ 〖 1.2 〗
^2)/4) )

N varillas= 11

Entonces se colocaran 11 varillas de diametro 12 mm cada 21 cm.

𝐹_𝑦/(3.5∙√( 〖�′〗 _𝑐 ))
(�_𝑡∙�_𝑒∙�_𝑠∙𝜆)/
ld ≥ ((𝑐_𝑏+𝑘_𝑡𝑟)/𝑑_𝑏 ) 𝑑_𝑏

30 [cm]

(𝑐_𝑏+𝑘_𝑡𝑟)/𝑑_𝑏 =2.5
Donde: Ψt= 1; Ψe=1; Ψs=0.8; λ=1;

𝑙_𝑑=4200/(3.5∙√210) (1∙1∙0.8∙1)/2.5
𝑑_𝑏

𝑙_𝑑=26.5 𝑑_𝑏 𝑙_𝑑=26.5 𝑑_𝑏

𝑙_𝑑=26.5 ∙1.2 𝑙_𝑑=26.5 ∙1.6

ld= 31.80 [cm] ld= 42.40 [cm]

m-r= 110.0 [cm]
m-r= 110.00 [cm] > ld= 31.8 [cm] CUMPLE
m-r= 110.00 [cm] > ld= 42.4 [cm] CUMPLE

𝑙_𝑑=4200/(3.5∙√210) (1∙1∙0.8∙1)/2.5
𝑑_𝑏

𝑙_𝑑=26.5 𝑑_𝑏
𝑙_𝑑=26.5 ∙1.2
ld= 31.80 [cm]

m-r= 85.0 [cm]

m-r= 85.00 [cm] > ld= 31.8 [cm] CUMPLE

5. ANALISIS DE ESFUERZOS EN LA VIGA

Zapata de medianera: Zapata 1
q1x= qu1·A1
�_1𝑥=1.59∙270

q1x= 410.40 [Kg/cm]

q1x= qu2·A2
�_1𝑥=1.63∙220

q1x= 360.80 [Kg/cm]

Viga:
B= 35 [cm]
H= 70 [cm]
D= 63 [cm]

V1= 16900.05 [Kg] M1(-)= 47223.00 [Kg-cm]
V2= -5766.99 [Kg] M1(-)= 2169530.00 [Kg-cm]
V3= -22621.19 [Kg] M3(+)= 21907.00 [Kg-cm]
V4= 22591.80 [Kg]

6. CALCULO DEL REFUERZO DE ACERO POR FLEXION EN LA VIGA
𝐴_𝑠1=(0.85∙ 〖� ^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑)/𝐹𝑦 [1−√(1−(2∙�_1𝑥)/(0.85∙∅∙ 〖� ^
′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑^2 ))]

𝐴_𝑠1=(0.85∙210∙220∙25)/4200 [1−√(1−(2∙47223)/
(0.85∙0.9∙210∙220∙ 〖 25 〗 ^2 ))]

As1= 0.20 [cm²]

𝐴_𝑠2=(0.85∙ 〖� ^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑)/𝐹𝑦 [1−√(1−(2∙�_1𝑥)/(0.85∙∅∙ 〖� ^
′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑^2 ))]

𝐴_𝑠2=(0.85∙210∙220∙25)/4200 [1−√(1−(2∙2169530)/
(0.85∙0.9∙210∙220∙ 〖 25 〗 ^2 ))]

As2= 9.60 [cm²]

𝐴_𝑠3=(0.85∙ 〖� ^′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑)/𝐹𝑦 [1−√(1−(2∙�_1𝑥)/(0.85∙∅∙ 〖� ^
′ 〗 _𝑐∙�_2∙𝑑^2 ))]

𝐴_𝑠3=(0.85∙210∙220∙25)/4200 [1−√(1−(2∙2169530)/
(0.85∙0.9∙210∙220∙ 〖 25 〗 ^2 ))]

As3= 0.09 [cm²]

𝐴_𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑛=14/𝐹_𝑦 ∙�∙�

𝐴_𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑛=14/4200∙35∙63

Asmin= 7.35 [cm²]

6. CALCULO DEL REFUERZO DE ACERO POR CORTE EN LA VIGA

�_𝑢1=�_1/(∅∙𝑏_𝑜∙𝑑)

�_𝑢1=16900.05/(0.75∙35∙63)

Vu1= 10.22 [Kg/cm²] ≥ 7.68 [Kg/cm²]
𝑠=(𝐴_�∙𝐹_𝑦)/(�_𝑢𝑖−�_𝑐 )�

Asumiendo un diametro= 8 [mm]
𝐴_�=(𝜋∙ 〖 (0.8) 〗 ^2)/2=
1.01 [cm²] 𝑠

_1=(1∙4200)/
(10.22−7.68)35= 47.51 [cm²]

Entonces se usaran varillas de 8 [mm] cada 35 [cm]

�_𝑢2=�_2/(∅∙𝑏_𝑜∙𝑑)

�_𝑢1=5766.99/(0.75∙35∙63)

Vu2= 3.49 [Kg/cm²] ≤ 7.68 [Kg/cm²]

𝑠=(𝐴_�∙𝐹_𝑦)/(�_𝑢𝑖−�_𝑐 )�

Asumiendo un diametro= 8 [mm]
𝐴_�=(𝜋∙ 〖 (0.8) 〗 ^2)/2=
1.01 [cm²] 𝑠

_2=(1∙4200)/
(10.22−7.68)35= 0.00 [cm²]

Entonces se usaran varillas de 8 [mm] cada 35 [cm]