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Risk Assessment for Ships: A General

By Soumyajit Dasgupta | In: Marine Safety | Last Updated on August 2, 2017

Risk is like queering someone or something valued to an unknown or anticipated
danger, harm, or loss. Even though there is no such universally accepted general
definition of risk, but one commonly applied and authoritative resolution in most
industrial contexts, defines risk as “A combination of the probability, or frequency,
of occurrence of a defined hazard and the magnitude of the consequences of the

According to International Maritime Organization (IMO), risk is the “combination of
the frequency and the severity of the consequence”, thereby articulates two
components of the likelihood of occurrence and the probability of severity of the
(un)predictable consequences.
What is Risk Assessment for Ships?

“Safety management objectives of the company should…establish safeguards
against all identified risks” so has it been stated in the paragraph of the ISM
Code (International Safety Management Code). However this does not determine
any particular approach to the risk management theory, and it is for the company
itself to choose methods appropriate in accordance with its organizational
structure, its ships and trades. The methods could vary accordingly but how ever
more or less formal they are, they should be well organised and planned if
assessment and responses are meant to be completed and act effectively, and
also the entire exercise should be documented in drafts or amendments so as to
provide evidence of the decision-making process.

ISO 8402:1995 / BS 4778 define risk management, which includes maritime risk
assessment as: “The process whereby decisions are made to accept a known or
assessed risk and/or the implementation of actions to reduce the consequences or
probability of occurrence.”

The Marine Risk Assessment Process

Basically the risk assessment process is concerned with observing the company’s
activities and operations, identifying what might go wrong, and deciding upon what
should be done in order to prevent it. The areas pertained to are:
 Identification of hazards
 Assessment of the risks concerned
 Application of controls to reduce the risks
 Monitoring of the effectiveness of the controls

The identification of hazards is most important since in determines the course of
actions to be followed thereafter. Observation of the activities helps in achieving
perfect accuracy and completeness which again can only be accomplished by a
systematic process. For this it is necessary to have professional training and
instruction to assure its application in a thorough and consistent manner. Also it is
important to keep in mind that hazards must not be confused with incidents
whereas incidents must not denote consequences.

The marine risk assessment helps in evaluation of each hazard associated with the
risks in terms of the likelihood of harm and its potential aftermath. This assists in
enabling the company to imply priorities and exploit its scarce resources for
greatest effect.

While settling with the application of controls, it is essential to take the frequency of
the activity into account so that a potential moderate risk may be more important to
be addressed upon than a rare but substantial risk.

The most relevant risks to monitor are:
 Health and safety issues of individuals involved directly or indirectly in the
activity, or those who may be otherwise affected
 Property of the company and others
 The environment

Your ship already have been grounded and now clear What will you do ?

 . Thoroughly inspection to be carried out effective grounded area.

2. Check and sounding taken all D.B tanks and cofferdam .

3. Sea chest to be changed to unaffected side.

4. All S.W pump test and check to free of mud , sand.

5. Turn engine by turning gear and check ampere to compare with before grounded.

6. Check crank shaft deflection and compare with before grounded figure.

7. Test run engine and check vibration . If more vibration before grounded , propeller may be

8. Any find out engine room situation to be reported to head office through master.