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U2L3: Plant Growth Lab

Background: Factors in the plant’s environment, such as the amount of sunlight and water, play a role in
the health and life span of a plant. Green plants need sunlight to carry out photosynthesis. This process
allows the plant to make food that can be used later for growth and reproduction. Without light, the
plant cannot make food, and it cannot grow. This experiment will demonstrate whether or not light is
needed for a plant to grow.

Hypothesis: Will the plants in the dark will grow less than the plants in the light?

The independent variable in this lab is: The light.

The dependent variable in the lab that I am measuring is: The height of the plant.


 Soil

 Light

 Ruler

 Seeds

 Water

Procedure: List the steps below of how to do this experiment. Add as many steps as needed.

1. Plant seeds in soil

2. Put half in the light and half in the dark

3. Water same amount in all plants

4. Measure every two days

Data Use a few seeds/plants for each group. I listed 3 for each group as an example. Use more if you
Try using a few plants Length of the Plant (in centimeters) Observations
for each group.
Write any observations you make for
Day 2 Day 4 Day 6 Day 8 Day 10 each plants other than length such as
color, health, etc.

Plants L1 0 0 0 2 4.8 The plant grew a small amount of
in the leaves, darker than the rest of the
light plants, ended up being the shortest

L2 0 0 0 2.2 5.3 Grew the most, many leaves grew, the
brightest green
L3 0 0 0 0 2.2 Many leaves grew, a slightly darker

Plants D1 0 0 0 1.1 3.7 Grew the most, lightest in color, grew
in the very little and small leaves
D2 0 0 0 0.3 3 One of the darkest in color, one of the
shortest, grew almost no leaves

D3 0 0 0 0.3 3 Pretty dark in color, also one of the
shortest, very little leaves

Conclusions: (Answer the 3 questions below and also write down any other conclusions in this

1. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) that your plants will grow into bean
plants (or other fast-growing plants that you used for your experiment) and not some
other type of plant (genetics, environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

Genetics is the main factor that makes a bean grow into a bean plant. Plants mostly go
through meiosis, which is basically the cloning of cells. So the bean plant would have the
same genes as its parents, which are bean plants, and it becomes a bean plant itself.

2. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) the height of a plant (genetics,
environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

The height of a plant is based off of both genetics and environment. A plant that has the
tall gene would pass the gene down to its offspring. The offspring would most likely
grow to be tall, but if the environment isn’t right the plant won’t grow as tall as it

3. Use specific data from your experiment to defend or refute the following statements:
Plants continue to grow throughout their lives by producing new plant material.
Photosynthesis is required for this process to occur.

I believe that plants do need to go through photosynthesis to grow. Photosynthesis
helps the plant make food with gives it the nutrition it needs to grow. According to my
data, the plants in the light grew way more than the plants in the dark because it had
light that can help make it grow.