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U2L3: Plant Growth Lab

Background: Factors in the plant’s environment, such as the amount of sunlight and water, play a role in
the health and life span of a plant. Green plants need sunlight to carry out photosynthesis. This process
allows the plant to make food that can be used later for growth and reproduction. Without light, the
plant cannot make food, and it cannot grow. This experiment will demonstrate whether or not light is
needed for a plant to grow.

Hypothesis: I predict that the one with the most sunlight will grow the most.

The independent variable in this lab is: Amount of Sunlight

The dependent variable in the lab that I am measuring is: Plant Growth (Height of the Plant)


Three Tomato plants, Water, Sunlight ( or artificial bulb)

Procedure: List the steps below of how to do this experiment. Add as many steps as needed.

1. Plant the tomato plants in a pot.

2. Place on in a place with a lot of sunlight, the another with medium sunlight, the last with no sunlight

3. Give each 50ml of water each day

4. Take notes on each plant daily

Data Use a few seeds/plants for each group. I listed 3 for each group as an example. Use more if you
Try using a few plants Length of the Plant (in centimeters) Observations
for each group.
Write any observations you make for
Day 2 Day 4 Day 6 Day 8 Day 10 each plants other than length such as
color, health, etc.

Plants L1 0.9 1.4 2.0 2.7 3.0 This one is in second place and is just
in the fine.
L2 1.0 1.6 2.3 2.9 3.2 Green, healthy

L3 7.0 1.1 1.6 2.4 2.8 Green, healthy

Plants M1 1.6 2.3 3.2 4.6 5.2 This one seemed to be doing the best.
Nice and green

M2 1.4 1.9 2.4 3.5 4.4 Green, healthy

M3 1.9 2.6 3.6 4.7 5.5 Green, healthy, Tall
Plants D1 1.5 2.3 3.3 4.4 5.0 Although it was growing it was gray
in the and shriveled up.
D2 1.3 1.9 2.7 3.4 4.8 Gray, Shriveled

D3 1.7 2.4 3.4 4.6 5.3 Gray, shriveled

Conclusions: (Answer the 3 questions below and also write down any other conclusions in this

1. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) that your plants will grow into bean
plants (or other fast-growing plants that you used for your experiment) and not some
other type of plant (genetics, environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

I would say that the plants genetics make them the plant that they are, because they could be
a bean plant in the best environment there not going to grow apples.

2. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) the height of a plant (genetics,
environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

I would the plants are not fast growing they will grow slow, and the environment can
either make them grow faster say both because, if or slower.

3. Use specific data from your experiment to defend or refute the following statements:
Plants continue to grow throughout their lives by producing new plant material.
Photosynthesis is required for this process to occur.

I agree with part of this statement. Yes as you see in my results the plants continued to
grow, but the one with out light grew too. Since that plant had no light it couldn’t have
used photosynthesis, but this plant will die soon because of it.