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U2L3: Plant Growth Lab

Background: Factors in the plant’s environment, such as the amount of sunlight and water, play a role in
the health and life span of a plant. Green plants need sunlight to carry out photosynthesis. This process
allows the plant to make food that can be used later for growth and reproduction. Without light, the
plant cannot make food, and it cannot grow. This experiment will demonstrate whether or not light is
needed for a plant to grow.

Hypothesis: My hypothesis is that the plants in the light will be stronger and more alive than the
plants in the dark.

The independent variable in this lab is: The independent variable is the light.

The dependent variable in the lab that I am measuring is: The dependent variable I am measuring is
the length of the plant. It depends on the amount of light received to help it grow.

Materials:

Seeds/Plants

Lamp

Water

Six Pots

Procedure: List the steps below of how to do this experiment. Add as many steps as needed.

1. Plant the plants or seeds.

2. Put three under the lamp and three away from the lamp.

3. Water.

4. Record your observations daily.

Data:
Try using a few plants Length of the Plant (in centimeters) Observations
for each group.
Write any observations you make for
Plants
Day 2 Day 4 Day 6 Day 8 Day 10 each plants other than length such as
color, health, etc.

Plants L1 1 1½ 2 2¼ 2½ The colors were a vibrant green and
in the they appeared to be very healthy.
light

L2 1/2 1¼ 2 2 1/3 2 2/3 The colors were a vibrant green and
they appeared to be very healthy.
L3 The colors were a vibrant green and
they appeared to be very healthy.

Plants D1 1/4 1/2 1 1 1/4 1½ The colors appeared to be an ill green-
in the brown. The state was also a little ill,
dark with drooping stems and leaves.

D2 1/4 1/3 2/3 3/4 1¼ The colors appeared to be an ill green-
brown. The state was also a little ill,
with drooping stems and leaves.

D3 1/3 2/3 1 1½ The colors appeared to be an ill green-
brown. The state was also a little ill,
with drooping stems and leaves.

Conclusions:

1. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) that your plants will grow into bean
plants (or other fast-growing plants that you used for your experiment) and not some
other type of plant (genetics, environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

The main factor is the plant’s DNA. The DNA was that of a bean plant, and not some
other plant. It had all the genetic factors and chromosomes that a bean plant is
produced with.

2. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) the height of a plant (genetics,
environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

The main factors that determine the height of a plant is both genes and the
environment. A plant could’ve inherited strong genes from its mother plant, but it’s
useless if it’s growing in the wrong environment, like a sunflower without the sun. A
plant also have inherited weak genes, but if it’s watered enough and in enough sunlight
and good soil, it will outweigh the bad genes.

3. Use specific data from your experiment to defend or refute the following statements:
Plants continue to grow throughout their lives by producing new plant material.
Photosynthesis is required for this process to occur.

Photosynthesis is required for plants to produce new plant material. The plants use the
sun to produce glucose, which gives them energy to grow and also produce more plants.