1) Grand Canal the longest canal or artificial river in the world.

Starting at Beijing, it passes through Tianjin and the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the city of Hangzhou. The oldest parts of the canal date back to the 5th century BC, although the various sections were finally combined during the Sui Dynasty 2) Tang Empire Brought the woodblock printing, gunpowder, porcelain, clocks, medicine. 3) Uighurs a Turkic ethnic group living in Eastern and Central Asia. 4) Tibet a plateau region in Asia and a disputed territory, north of the Himalayas. It is home to the indigenous Tibetan people, and to some other ethnic groups such as Monpas and Lhobas, and is inhabited by considerable numbers of Han and Hui people. 5) Tributary System a type of political relationship dating from the Han times by which independent countries acknowledge the Chinese emperor s supremacy. 6) Mahayana Buddhism fostered faith in enlightened beings (bodhisattvas) who postpone nirvana help others achieve enlightenment. 7) Bubonic Plague The plague bacillus became and endemic among rodent populations in parts of southwestern China and thus lingered long after its disappearance in West Asia and Europe. 8) Examination System the imperial examinations developed and matured during the Tang Dynasty, continuing until their 1905 abolition under the Qing Dynasty, a history of 1,300 years. The modern examination system for selecting civil service staff also indirectly evolved from the imperial one. 9) Footbinding resulted in lifelong disabilities for most of its victims. As the practice waned in the early 20th century, "some girls' feet were released after initial binding, leaving less severe deformities. However, some effects of foot-binding were permanent, especially if a girl's arches or toes had been broken or other drastic measures taken in order to achieve the desired smallness. 10) Song Empire Minyak people who called themselves Tangguts to show their connection with the former empire. The third state, the Chinese-speaking Song Empire, came into being in 960 in central China. 11) Junk an ancient Chinese sailing vessel design still in use today. Junks were developed during the Han Dynasty (206 BC 220 AD) and were used as sea-going vessels as early as the 2nd century AD. 12) Moveable Type experimented with movable type, where each individual character is cast on a separate piece of metal. This replaced woodblock printing. 13) Neo-Confucianism In the late ninth century the Tang Empire broke the power of the Buddhist monasteries and Confucian ideology was reasserted. The reason for the crackdown was that Buddhism was seen as undermining the family system and eroding the tax base by accumulating tax-free land and attracting hundreds of thousands of people to become monks and nuns. 14) Gunpowder experimented with gunpowder to propel a cluster of flaming arrows into oncoming cavalry. 15) Zen A branch of Mahayana Buddhism based on highly disciplined meditation. 16) Kamakura Shogunate After years of fighting, one warrior clan took control of Japan and established the Kamakura Shogunate with its capital at Kamakura in eastern Honshu.

the Fujiwara clan dominated the Japanese government.17) Fujiwara ). Noblewomen of the Fujiwara era produced a lot of poetry. and story-telling since they had so much free time. By the late 1000s. It was introduced to Champa by India and later sent to China as a tribute gift. . 18) Heian Period political systems in Japan/new warrior class 19) Shinto a form of Japanese religion 20) Champa Rice quick-maturing rice that can allow two harvests in one growing season. some warrior clans had become wealthy and powerful. diaries.

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