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CONTENTS October 2018 Vol 01 | Issue B

20 24 26 28

32 22 36

44 50


Based in Power, Energy, Food, Beverages, Electricals, Petrochemical,
Mining & Mineral, Water, Waste & Environment, Dairy, Breweries, Hotels,
Consumer Goods, Textiles, Automobiles Industries, and CETPs (Common
Effluent Treatment Plants) for Industrial Clusters and Port Areas.








<< editor’s note

It’s Time for a Reboot.

e are proud and honored to launch the inaugural issue of
our new publication - Smart Water & Waste World (SWWW).
SWWW has been nearly sixteen months in the making. And it was a natural out-
growth of the expansion of the new brand of publication and events which we created
for the Water Sector in past one year. We sought to walk on a path less-travelled and, therefore, we got
immense support from all quarters...governments, water experts, industrial users, technology vendors,
contractors, researchers, consultants, technocrats, municipal professionals and policy-makers.
The editorial policy of SWWW will be guided by the high standards of content quality and integrity,
professional responsibility, industry awareness, and staying neutral to all stakeholders that constitute
the global water sector. SWWW would be at the forefront to consistently highlight the issues crucial
for the water industry.
To become the most trusted source of information and help you make informed buying decisions,
@SmartWWW_IN we will come up with the right blend of project news, products, market trends, and analysis. We will
address a wide range of issues in diverse disciplines of water & wastewater from across the globe, and
most importantly India.
This inaugural issue of SWWW is a special collector’s edition of top-20 case studies on “Industrial
Water & Wastewater Management”.
This issue offers the water professionals and industrial users a unique mix of case studies where
each contributor has presented its technology/product/study and its applications in a practical and real
industrial environment with in-depth analysis, discussion, and assessment of their projects in various
industry segments.
I would like to thank the contributing organizations of these top-20 special case studies selected
from an overwhelming 100 entries: Borouge, CST, Danfoss, Emerson, GEA, GKD, Grundfos, Unilever,
Don’t just get Hydro International, KSB, Mantech, Mueller, Natural Solutions, Ozo Nano, P&G, Qua, Rochem, Suez,
involved. Fight for UEM India, and Waterneer.
your seat at the We have shortlisted these case studies based on their applications, relevance, location, product/
technology involved, and the end-user industry segment which they represent. Some of the promi-
table. Better yet, nent industry segments which these case studies cover are Power, Energy, Food, Beverages, Electricals,
fight for a seat at the Petrochemical, Mining & Mineral, Water, Waste & Environment, Dairy, Breweries, Hotels, Consumer
Goods, Textiles, Automobiles, and CETPs (Common Effluent Treatment Plants) for Industrial Clusters
head of the table. and Port Areas.
In our next two issues, we will focus on “Value of Wastewater”, and “Wastewater Recycle & Reuse”
- Barack Obama (in November 2018); and “CTOs Speak on Exciting New Technologies”, and “Automation & Instrumen-
tation” (December 2018). We welcome editorial contributions on these and all other topics which you
find significant for the water sector.
I urge you all to let us know your thoughts, and send us your suggestions.

Smart Water & Waste WorldTM Vol 01 No B October 2018

Pages 72
FOUNDER & CEO Printed and Published by Shailesh
Kailash Shirodkar Ramaswamy Iyer, B-305, Gopinath Copyright © 2018
Smruti CHS Ltd. Goddeo, Bhayander
EDITOR (East) Dist - Thane 401105 on behalf Beyond Expectations.
Mayur Sharma of Beyond Expectations, Printed All rights reserved throughout the world.
at Taco Visions Pvt. Ltd. 105- ABC, Reproduction in any manner, electronic
DESIGN or otherwise, in whole or in part, without
Govt. Industrial Estate,Charkop,
Nocturnal Brains prior written permission is prohibited.
Kandivali (W), Mumbai 400067, and
PRODUCTION Published at Beyond Expectations *Responsible for selection
Shailesh Iyer B-305, Gopinath Smruti CHS Ltd. of news under PRB Act
Goddeo, Bhayander (East) Dist,
Thane 401105 Maharashtra, India.

Important: Whilst care is taken prior to acceptance of advertising copy, it is not possible to verify its contents. Beyond Expectations cannot be held responsible for such contents,
nor for any loss or damages incurred as a result of transactions with companies, associations or individuals advertising in its publications. We therefore recommend that readers
make necessary inquiries before sending any monies or entering into any agreements with advertisers or otherwise acting on an advertisement in any manner whatsoever.



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Its been exciting past 12 months for us. Around 16 months ago (in June 2017), we (Mayur and I)
had envisioned a media venture for the Water Industry that would be an integrated platform of print,
online and live events. The dream was to create a neutral, unbiased platform that would be the most
authoritative source of information for the water industry that propels decision-making and aids the
growth of the industry. The platform would encourage the industry to share news, product informa-
tion, technology white-papers, case studies, best practices, and standard operating procedures through
active participation from the industry in the content generation.
We were very lucky to get early support for our dream from the Indian Express Group. After going
through our business plan, the group had graciously offered to incubate our project for the first 12
months with the offer that we could then branch off on our own once we had settled down in the indus-
try. This is how we launched Express Water in December 2017.
The high editorial values set by the group and its brand name helped us focus on the right content for
the readers. The early pangs of a new product launch were offset by the initial logistical, financial and
operational support from India’s leading media conglomerate and this went a long way in helping us
deliver a quality product to the industry. The print launch in December 2017 was quickly followed by
the online product in January 2018 and, in the past 8 months, we have emerged as a leading source of
quality content for the industry to satisfy its information needs.
Kailash Shirodkar Our integrated 360-degree vision was completed when - in March 2018 - we executed our first event.
Founder & CEO JAL SABHA was envisioned as a unique platform for the decision-makers from the Water and Waste
Smart Water & Waste World divisions of Municipal Corporations from across India. March 8th and 9th saw a gathering of 40 mu- nicipal corporations converge in Pune for a 1-Night/2-Day hosted event.
After launching all of our 3 formats in the first 4 months itself, this financial year the focus has been on
consolidating our initial forays and preparing for the next most important milestone for us. As shared
with you earlier, EXPRESS WATER was an incubation project with the Express Group and we had been
preparing for the going out on our own.
I take great pleasure in sharing with you that from the October issue, we are on our own. We have
formed our own independent company and this is the inaugural issue of SMART WATER & WASTE
WORLD magazine.
We had the option of continuing with Express Water on a licensee agreement with The Indian Express
Group. The option was very easy and would have allowed us to leverage a distinguished brand. But I
(and have been lucky to have the support of a wonderful team) was always driven by the passion to cre-
ate a brand and make a difference on our own. A licensee arrangement would have meant that the final
ownership would have still been of The Express Group. We wanted to be in control of our own destiny
and felt that we would benefit immensely if we had the complete right to our plans and its decisions
without having to navigate the structures of a media conglomerate.
Also, the nature of the water industry is changing. New smarter utilities are emerging today having
shed their bureaucratic set-ups and are rapidly moving to SMARTER networks focused on efficien-
cy and data-driven customer service. Additionally, there is a greater focus on Waste today. Hence, we
wanted a new name and identity that is in sync with the new smarter water user and decided on the
name SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD which reflects our mission to cover this emerging trend.
We have completed all mandatory compliances as stipulated by the Ministry and Information and
Broadcasting and have officially registered the title with the Registrar for The Newspapers of India
(RNI). The Express Group has shared all the assets like previous content, database, design templates
to the new entity, for us to now be an independent company. Most importantly, the people behind the
brand have also moved to the rolls of the new company. This was very crucial to us, as we wanted to
continue with the same quality product and benchmarks which we had set earlier.
I would like to take this opportunity to put on record our immense gratitude to the Indian Express
Group in incubating us and helping us launch. I would also like to thank our early advertisers and
TATA PROJECTS, JOSAB, and REWS, who had supported us then and have committed to support us in
our new avatar. Their support is a vindication that we are on the right track.
We are also quite excited with some new alliances that we have struck and which we will announce by
the end of this year.
It would be a lie if I did not confess that we are a little nervous. While we are quite confident of our-
selves and the team, it’s not often that one gets to go through the birth pangs twice within the first 12
months. But we are passionate about the direction we are taking and, with the support from the indus-
try, will prevail and grow.
I look forward to the support from every one of you for this new beginning!



Kailash Shirodkar Mayur Sharma Shailesh R. Iyer

Founder & CEO Editor Printer, Publisher, Head -
Smart Water & Waste World Smart Water & Waste World Business Operations

An engineering graduate with a He has done his MBA in International Close to 20 years of experience in
management degree, he has an experience Business and started his career with operations with specialized focus on legal
of 18+ years in the marketing and media Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group. compliance, financial documentation,
industry. He is credited with launching Managed the Editorial team of Earth and event management.
new media properties across print, events Water Group publications for 11 years
and online. Started his career in sales before joining The Indian Express Group Assisted several MNCs, during their
with a leading telecom company selling where he headed the Editorial vertical launch, in interactions with Company
Motorola wireless solutions, he joined the for EXPRESS WATER for one year. Law Board (CLB), Foreign Investments
media industry in 2000 to launch his first Promotion Board (FIPB), Ministry of
magazine. Over the next 18 years he has Overall experience of 14 years across the Information and Broadcasting (MIB),
launched numerous new magazines and key areas of building content for technical Ministry of Commerce & Industry (MCI),
events for leading media companies like and trade publications, conceptualizing and Registrar of Newspapers in India (RNI).
Jasubhai Digital Media, The Indian Express and executing conferences, sales &
marketing, customer relationship Exposed to Treasury/ Banks for LC
Group, UBM Plc and Earth Water Group.
management and conducting trainings. limits and banking documents and
He has worked on media properties across, 12 years of experience in the water sector. networking with financial institutions
IT, Telecom, Jewellery, Construction, for grant of various credit limits and
Maternity and Nuclear industries and has Apart from editorial skills, also adept at raising finance including scrutiny of
worked with a lot of international clients business development, launching new pre- and post-documentation.
like IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, Google, Chicco, brands and brand building. Organized
more than 15 international and national Managed operations for leading
GE, Hiranandani, etc. on executing their
water exhibitions, conferences and water media houses. Has handled national &
marketing and branding activities across
meets. Well networked and connected international corporate events in Europe,
multiple formats. Exposed to managing a
with the key decision makers from water Malaysia, Paris, Dubai, Turkey, and Macao.
P&L of US$ 9 Million and leading a team
of over 70, he has managed multiple & wastewater treatment technologies
Well versed and connected in liaison
print products, exhibitions and 5 online and various allied sectors of EPC,
and compliance requirements for print
community sites in a previous role. environment and industrial automation.
publication industry with enablement
Working with media houses has helped of domestic and international brands in
Always been driven by an entrepreneurial
him gain knowledge and understanding India like Jasubhai Media - Digit - India’s
spirit, he has used that passion to
of the B2B industry. Over the years, Premier IT magazine, UBM India, ITP Media
build these media properties - some
attended numerous national and City - Dubai, CAT Publications, CMP Media
of which are still marquee brands in
international water events which have USA, Zscaler Inc USA, Netscot, etc.
their respective industry verticals.
helped him understand the trends, market
Excellent in admin, and facility
A passionate sales and a marketing outlook and development of the industry.
management related to production,
practitioner, with a focus on client
Currently based in Chandigarh. A events and compliances. Also
satisfaction and delivery he is an
social media enthusiast. While writing associated with leading Travel Port
avid reader and has also spoken at
is a hobby, and reading books is a in Himachal and active member of
public events and moderated industry
habit, photography is his passion. NGOs in Delhi NCR and Mumbai.
panel discussions and events.

10 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Siemens to Deliver Complete Wastewater Treatment System

for New Propylene Oxidestyrene Monomer Plant in China
SWWW Staff vided a complete wastewater tives by the Chinese govern-
China treatment system that includ- ment, limiting the allowable
ed a Zimpro® WAO system, Chemical Oxygen Demand
SIEMENS WATER SOLU- and PACT® and WAR systems. (COD) concentration in the
TIONS has received an order Siemens will supply two Zim- discharge to less than 30 parts
for a complete wastewater pro® Wet Air Oxidation (WAO) per million.
treatment system for Tianjin systems, a true 2-stage (T2S) “After the customer care-
Bohua Chemical Develop- PACT® Membrane Bioreactor fully considered all available
ment’s (a subsidiary of Bohai (MBR), ozone oxidation, and technologies in terms of both
Chemical Group) new Propyl- Wet Air Regeneration (WAR) capital and operating expen-
ene Oxide-Styrene Monomer systems on the Nangang In- ditures, Siemens’ proprietary
(POSM) plant. The plant, lo- dustrial Zone project. WAO, PACT MBR, and WAR
cated at the Nangang Indus- Effluent from the wastewa- systems were the top choice to
trial Zone in northern China’s and 450,000 tons per year of chemical plant using technol- ter treatment system will be meet the project’s regulatory
Tianjin, will have a production Styrene Monomer (SM). ogy licensed from REPSOL in discharged into Bohai Bay, and reuse requirements,” said
capacity of 200,000 tons per Tianjin Bohua Chemical is Spain, for which Siemens Wa- which is the subject of water Anthony Pink, CEO of Sie-
year of Propylene Oxide (PO) building the grassroots petro- ter Solutions previously pro- quality improvement initia- mens Water Solutions.

Quantum Technology Inside AxFlow Enters Australia and New Zealand

(QTI) Aims to Solve Global by Acquiring Brown Brothers/Kelair
Water Scarcity Problems
Zealand, as well as a strong
platform for growth in Oce-
Mayur Sharma vices for home and office use. ania,” says AxFlow CEO Ole
New Delhi French inventor, Pierre Weiner.
Marconi, creator of QTI adds, Headquartered in Christ-
WIRACOCHA GLOBAL “Quantum Technology as church, N.Z., Brown Brothers/
Limited, a Hong Kong based, the right answer to solve the Kelair sells centrifugal and
water management company, world’s water pollution and positive displacement pumps
has announced its Quantum scarcity crisis. The noteworthy to users and resellers in in-
Water Filtration Technology. feature of the QTI technology dustrial segments and utility
The essence of this Quantum is its Big-Data analysis which pumps to agriculture and mu-
Technology Inside (QTI) is that can help to identify the root nicipalities. The Group’s lead-
the filtration process involves cause of water contamination ing position as a distributor of
modifying atoms and icons of and its Circular Economy car- centrifugal pumps in Oceania
pollutants. A constant stream bon refills contain descriptive is strengthened by its long
of water under pressure pass- information about the kind of relationship with Xylem, the
es through defined nanoscale pollutants filtered. The gath- global market leader in centrif-
components thus removing ered market intelligence can ugal pumps.
bacteria, heavy metals, pesti- be used for focused & neces- John Inkster, CEO, Brown
cides, antibiotics while main- sary developments.” Brothers, and Kelair Pumps,
taining essential mineral salts Consumers of QTI technol- will continue to run the com-
and making it most ideal for ogy water filters will not add pany after the acquisition.
human consumption. In the to pollution levels since the re- SWWW Staff locations across Australia and “We see a very good match be-
process, there is no loss of wa- fills are no longer thrown into Sweden New Zealand. tween the Brown Brothers and
ter, no addition of plastics in garbage cans; instead, they are The acquisition is the next AxFlow management culture,”
the environment, and no addi- returned to the manufacturing AXFLOW HOLDING AB has step in AxFlow’s geographic Weiner says. “This is crucial to
tion of chemicals at all. Since plant for controlled destruc- acquired Brown Brothers/Ke- expansion outside Europe, af- our ambition to keep people
2014, QTI was developed and tion. This entire circular econ- lair, the distributor of positive ter the successful acquisition with local expertise in place
tested by French researchers omy of the revolutionary QTI displacement and centrifugal of AQS in South Africa, 2016. while giving the acquired com-
in Shanghai, China. QTI can filters goes to create a new sus- pumps in Australia and New “The acquisition gives AxFlow pany the opportunities that
be adapted to 8 different sizes tainable consciousness for the Zealand. great opportunities for sales come with being part of a larg-
and models and portable de- common good. The group operates through 15 growth in Australia and New er group.”

12 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Aerzen’s solution: A combination of Blower, Hybrid and Turbo technology – they serve the base loads, extremely
energy-saving and compensate supply peaks precisely.
Serving the exact load changes by combining di erent technologies

Aerzen Machines India Pvt. Ltd.

E-115/116 | G.I.D.C.- Manjusar,
Tal. : Savli , Dist : Vadodara - 391775
Gujarat, India.
Tel. : +91 2667 264816 Fax : +91 2667 264818

SPML Infra Q1 Financial Results - Declares More Than 75%

Growth in Net Profit
SWWW Staff INR 3,348.15 million. Standalone PAT was up at INR projects. We have also received
India The net profit for the quarter 122.95 million against INR a few new orders for GIS sub-
rises to INR 122.95 million as 70.17 million in Q1 FY 18. stations in West Bengal during
SPML INFRA LIMITED has against INR 70.17 million in Subhash Sethi, Chairman, the first quarter. We have
declared the financial results the corresponding quarter last SPML Infra commented, “Our concrete plans to complete
for the quarter ended June 30, year. standalone result for the quar- the ongoing water and power
2018, and has posted a healthy The financial highlights ter is a reflection of measures projects in different states and
growth of over 75% in Profit of the Q1 results were: Total we have taken last year by will be bidding aggressively
After Tax (PAT). Standalone Income for Q1 FY implementing S4A Scheme for new projects in these seg-
The company’s board has ap- 19 was at INR 3,348.15 million and continues to strengthen ments. We are also looking for-
proved the standalone audited against INR 3,374.73 million our project execution capa- ward to further strengthen our
financial results for the quarter in Q1 FY 18. bilities and delivering some financials in remaining part of
and declared that the company has recorded gross revenue of Moreover, the Q1 FY 19 important power distribution this fiscal.”

Amalgam Biotech Honoured LANXESS Included in Dow Jones

by MCCIA for New Sustainability Indices Again
Product and Innovation

SWWW Staff this award because of its revo-

India lutionary product “Bacta Cult”
- a bio-culture with superbugs
AMALGAM BIOTECH, A di- bacteria to remove water pol-
vision of Amalgam Engineer- lution. It is used in the indus-
ing, has received the MCCIA tries for Effluent Treatment
Innovation and Entrepreneur- Plants (ETPs), residential col-
ship Awards 2018 (Hari Malini onies for Sewage Treatment SWWW Staff again. This year, the company dices as an acknowledgment
Joshi Award) for developing a Plants (STPs), polluted lakes Germany achieved particularly good of our efforts in this area.”
new product, design or proto- and in river cleaning. results in the areas of opera- The composition of the Dow
type or for import substitute Amalgam has developed 16 SPECIALTY CHEMICALS tional eco-efficiency, product Jones Sustainability Indices is
item. This award for New Prod- new products of Bacta Cult to COMPANY LANXESS is to be stewardship, and human capi- determined once a year based
uct Design and Innovation is cater different problems for represented in two Dow Jones tal development. on financially relevant envi-
one of the most prestigious treating wastewater biolog- Sustainability Indices again “A sustainable strategy re- ronmental, social and gover-
awards in India which was ically. They have also devel- this year. quires an appropriate balance nance factors. Only the best
started in 1946 by MCCIA. oped products for different From September 24, 2018, between economic, ecologi- ten percent of the global com-
On behalf of Amalgam Bio- wastewater like Textile, Pulp LANXESS has been listed in cal and social aspects. We are panies analyzed in each sector
tech, the award was received & Paper, Dairy, Lake, etc. They the Dow Jones Sustainabili- continuously working on this,” are included in the DJSI World,
by Ashutosh Vadanagekar have received an order to sup- ty Index (DJSI) World for the said Matthias Zachert, Chair- while the best 20 percent of
(Managing Director) and Am- ply product to clean 200 MLD eighth time in a row. man of the LANXESS Board companies headquartered in
ruta Gore (Process Engineer). of drain flowing in river Ganga The group will also be in- of Management. “We see the Europe are included in the
Amalgam Biotech received under Namami Gange Project. cluded in the DJSI Europe renewed inclusion in both in- DJSI Europe.

14 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Infrastructure Projects from India Named as Finalists in

Bentley Systems’ Year in Infrastructure 2018 Awards Program
SWWW Staff sloping topography. DTK Hy- city.
UK dronet Solutions used Bentley NJS Engineers India’s project
software for the conceptual de- team used Bentley software to
Water and Wastewater Treat- sign and modeling of the more model the current distribution
ment Plants Category: Suez than 4,000-kilometer network system and analyze it under
Water Technologies & Solu- pipeline to provide reliable, eq- four different scenarios, pro-
tions - Ultra Pure Water Proj- uitable, and potable drinking viding the foundation for the
ect 1 GW Manufacturing water to approximately 1 mil- hydraulic improvement and
Solar Silicon PV Cells & Mod- lion villagers. rehabilitation scheme.
ules - Kutch, Gujarat Water, Wastewater, and Kaushik Chakraborty, VP,
Suez Water Technologies & Stormwater Networks Cate- Regional Executive for Bentley
Solutions (SWTS) was retained gory: NJS Engineers India P Systems, said, “These projects
to provide design, engineering, Limited - JICA Assisted Agra are among the 57 selected this
and commissioning services of and analysis applications. The Bankura Multi-Village Water Supply Project - Agra, year, which represent the most
a system for a photovoltaic cell Water, Wastewater, and Water Supply project was ini- Uttar Pradesh, India outstanding going digital ad-
manufacturing plant in Guja- Stormwater Networks Cat- tiated to improve the existing Responsible for providing vancements in infrastructure
rat. Faced with a complex pip- egory: DTK Hydronet Solu- water supply of four areas in statewide water supply services by Bentley software users
ing and cable system requiring tions - Conceptioneering and the Bankura district of West in Uttar Pradesh, India, the U.P. around the world.”
multiple disciplines to work Master Planning of Bankura Bengal. The existing, antiquat- Jal Nigam government corpora- Winners will be announced
simultaneously within a tight Multi Village Bulk Water Sup- ed pipeline had to be replaced tion initiated an improvement on October 18 during Bentley’s
timeline, SWTS relied on Bent- ply Scheme - Bankura, West by a new water supply scheme, project to meet the increasing Year in Infrastructure 2018
ley’s integrated 3D modeling Bengal which was to be designed amid potable water demands of Agra Conference, in London.

WABAG-Built Cherthala WTP Rose to the Global Produced Water

Occasion During Devastating Floods in Kerala Treatment Systems Market
WTP Team, Rajneesh Chopra,
Savvy Players Vie to Offer
Global Head – Business De-
velopment, said, “We are glad
Value-added Customized
to the people of Kerala during Offerings to Gain Competitive
that we could be of assistance

access to safe drinking water. Advantage

this time of crisis and ensure

When we were contracted to

build the plant and subse-
quently operate it, we ensured
best practices of construction SWWW Staff mens Water Technology, and
and business continuity plan- World Alderley plc.
ning were adhered to. As the As per a business intelli-
Muvattupuzha river rose to DEVELOPMENT OF PAT- gence study by Transparency
13.9 meters, the intake com- ENTED tertiary systems and Market Research (TMR), the
pound wall was completely securing patents to surge global produced water treat-
SWWW Staff the clock to meet the drink- flooded. However, thanks ahead from competitors re- ment systems market is likely
Kerala ing water needs of over 7 lakh to the foresight of our team, mains the mainstay of players to clock a CAGR of 5.8% be-
people. Between the 17th and the equipment at the intake in the global produced water tween 2017 and 2020 for the
IN THE MIDST of the devas- 20th of August, 15,50,000 pump house were safe. Our treatment systems market. market to be worth US$6156.6
tating floods in the state, while liters of safe drinking water operations team worked 24 x These initiatives will serve to mn by the end of 2020. The op-
the Kerala Water Authority was distributed to the general 7 to ensure that water supply render product differentiation portunities in the market stood
(KWA) was under tremendous public, hospitals, flood relief is maintained. I would like to between product offerings of at US$5198.6 mn in 2017.
pressure to provide potable camps, army, and police. This thank the team at the plant for companies. Expanding their Technology-wise, gas hydrates
water to people, VA Tech WA- timely support by WABAG was their commitment in going the geographical presence also and wind-aided intensified
BAG’s personnel operating the highly appreciated by KWA distance and making sure the remains on the growth chart evaporation treatment systems
Cherthala Water Treatment officials. needs of the people of the state of top players such as Schlum- are likely to be substantially
Plant (WTP) worked round Appreciating the Cherthala were met in times of crisis.” berger Water Services, Sie- used in the near future.

16 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Collector’s Edition of top-20 case studies on “Industrial Water & Wastewater

Management”, based on their applications, relevance, location, product/technology
involved, and the end-user industry segment which they represent.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 19


Mozzarella Plant Reuses its Process Wastewater,

Turning Waste into Resource
Denmark’s Arla Foods uses Grundfos BioBooster onsite to turn nearly a million liters
of discarded water from cheese production into drinking water daily.
By Grundfos Holding A/S

Grundfos BioBooster System

Overview Rødkærsbro, a Danish dairy The Situation and Arla separates this out as The Solution
Jonna Mortensen takes that makes mozzarella cheese. In the process of making wastewater in cheese produc- This was where Grundfos
an early-morning stroll on a A small herd of cows grazes cheese from milk, dairy plants tion. Every day, Rødkærsbro BioBooster came into the pic-
meadow behind Arla Foods among high grasses and a produce a lot of water. In fact, dairy produces 1,250 m3 of ture. BioBooster is a decen-
small brook. A thin summer about 85% of milk is water, this waste “cow water,” as they tralized, stand-alone unit that
mist hangs above the grass. call it. cleans wastewater at its source,
Just up a dirt path from here This cow water also includes treating it for reuse for cheese
lies a water treatment facility the nitrogenous compound
that Jonna Mortensen expects urea, which traditional treat-
It’s a huge value will break new ground in the ment plants cannot handle
to us that we field of process water treat-
In 2014, Arla Foods wanted
save our water “We have these wonderful to increase its production of
resources.” cows here, which deliver a lot mozzarella. That meant a sub-
- Jonna Mortensen, of milk to us, and it is, in fact, stantial increase in cow water.
Jonna Mortensen, Site Director of Jonna Mortensen at the Tanks that
the water in that milk that we Jonna Mortensen says, “It was
Site Manager, Arla reuse in our own facility. It’s Arla Foods Rødkærsbro, Which Uses expensive to send the water to
Collect the Process “Cow Wa-
ter” - the Water Separated from
Grundfos BioBooster to Clean a Half
Foods Rødkærsbro, a fantastic story,” says Jonna
Million Liters of Discarded Water
the municipality’s treatment Fresh Milk in Cheese Produc-
Mortensen, Site Director of plant, so this was a challenge tion - Before Arla Treats it in the
Denmark Arla Foods Rødkærsbro.
from Cheese Production Daily.
for us.” Grundfos BioBooster System.

20 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


production without jeopardiz- It reuses an additional 300 m3 “It’s a huge value to us that of 8 mg nitrogen per liter. “We liters of water per year. That’s
ing food safety. It treats water of process water in areas where we save our water resources. are down to 1.5 milligrams per a lot. Worldwide, if everyone
in a biological process, and it does not need fully-treated We might have enough wa- liter,” she says of the BioBoost-
ultrafiltration membranes re- water. ter in Denmark, but there are er-treated water. Phosphorus IN A NUTSHELL
move bacteria, thereby reduc- “We avoid pump- many places that don’t. So discharge limit is 0.3 mg/l, Industry: Petrochemical
ing risks for re-contamination. ing up 750 cubic meter there is no doubt that there’s “and we are down to 0.12,” she Industry: Dairy / Food & Bev-
The treated water complies s of groundwater every day, a huge value in reusing water.” says. “It’s a super result.” erages
with both strict discharge wa- or sending it to the municipal Jonna Mortensen glances at Customer: Arla Foods Rød-
ter limits and water reuse qual- wastewater treatment plant - The Outcome the cows in the meadow be- kærsbro
ity. both are expensive here,” says The Grundfos BioBooster hind her. Location: Rødkærsbro, Den-
Arla cleans 450 m3 of this Jonna Mortensen. “So we’re al- helps Arla Foods to keep well “Think about it. We reuse mark
purified cow water daily, ready beginning to see a return under Denmark’s strict dis- nearly a million liters of water Service Provider: Grundfos
which Arla releases into the lo- on our investment,” says Jonna charge limits for treated water, every day - just us, one com- Products/Technology In-
cal river or reuses in its facility. Mortensen. she says. This includes a limit pany. That makes 365 million volved: BioBooster System

was using this technology, we

could supply drinking water to
most of the world.”

Grundfos Supplied
Grundfos supplied the com-
plete BioBooster system to
Arla Rødkærsbro for on-site,
off-grid wastewater treatment.


Arla Foods is an internation-
al dairy company owned by
12,700 farmers from Den-
mark, Sweden, the UK, Ger-
many, Belgium, Luxemburg,
and the Netherlands. It is one
of the biggest players in the in-
ternational dairy arena, with a
wide range of dairy products.
Well-known brands like Lur-
pak® and Castello® belong to
the Arla family. Arla Foods is
also the world’s largest manu-
facturer of organic products.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 21


Effluent Treatment Solutions in Textile and

Automotive Manufacturing Plants
With hundreds of successful installations across a wide spectrum of industries and
applications, these UF membranes have made their mark in industrial wastewater
By QUA Water Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

WATER IS UNDOUBTEDLY and quality of water for use

one of the world’s most critical in their processes, and at the
resources today. And it is quite same time reduce dependency
evident that in today’s scenar- on freshwater sources.
io of a growing population and QUA, a ‘pure technology’
mounting industrial require- company, is a leading-edge
ment, combined with dimin- developer of advanced filtra-
ishing sources of freshwater, tion membrane & membrane
water shortage has already as- related products for water and
sumed alarming proportions wastewater treatment appli-
in India and is worsening. cations. These products are
This has resulted in stringent specifically designed for ul-
environmental norms by pol- tra-pure water, seawater desali-
lution boards and restrictions nation, potable water purifica- constructing and operating with low silt density index dustrial water, and wastewater
on the usage of groundwater. tion, and wastewater recycle/ complex water treatment fa- (SDI) and excellent rejection recycle and reuse.
Water conservation is gaining reuse applications. Headquar- cilities. These products are of bacteria and viruses.
momentum across the country, tered in the USA, QUA pro- designed to be easy to install, Q-SEP UF modules are made Q-SEP® Hollow Fiber
and recycle and reuse becom- vides global customers and operate and maintain at peak from a hydrophilic polyether Ultrafiltration Modules
ing inevitable and extremely OEM partners in industrial, performance. sulfone (PES) material that
crucial. manufacturing, and infrastruc- QUA’s Q-SEP hollow fiber provides high fiber strength o M anufactured with innova-
Maybe driven by regulation ture markets with best practic- Ultrafiltration (UF) modules and excellent low fouling char- tive Cloud Point Precipita-
or compelled by economic es in R&D, innovation, quality, contain UF membranes man- acteristics, resulting in higher tion process
considerations, industries in and customer service. QUA’s ufactured with QUA’s inno- productivity. These hollow fi- o High fiber strength and uni-
India have now come to the re- diverse product portfolio in- vative “Cloud Point Precipi- ber membranes operate under form pore size distribution
alization that recycling and re- cludes polymeric (Q-SEP) and tation” method. This process low transmembrane pressure o Superior and consistent
using their process wastewater ceramic (CeraQ) ultrafiltration ensures a high pore density in an inside-out flow config- product quality with low
is perhaps the most effective membranes, electrodeioniza- along the length of the fiber uration for superior perfor- SDI and excellent rejection
solution for their water-related tion technology (FEDI), and and uniform pore size dis- mance. Applications of Q-SEP of bacteria and viruses
challenges, with long-term re- submerged membrane biore- tribution in the membrane. UF include pre-treatment to o High productivity at the low
wards and benefits. Industries actor modules (EnviQ). QUA’s Q-SEP modules deliver supe- reverse osmosis (RO) systems trans-membrane pressure
are now spending more time innovative membranes are rior performance characteris- (brackish and seawater appli- With hundreds of successful
and resources than ever be- developed by water treatment tics and product water quality cations), purification of sur- installations worldwide and in
fore, to come up with solutions engineers who have extensive that surpasses the quality from face and well water for potable India, across a wide spectrum
to enhance both availability experience in engineering, conventional UF modules, applications, filtration of in- of industries and applications,

22 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


RO treated water was recycled of the membranes and they tained between 0.4 bar to 2.0 secondary treatment which
back to the process. decided to explore other UF bar, with the CEB being done is a biological process involv-
The feed water to the UF options to resolve the problem. whenever the pressure reaches ing aeration. This is followed
plant was tertiary treated tex- 2.0 bar which usually happens by settling, clarification, and
tile effluent. The QUA Solution once in the day. CEB is being disinfection. The disinfected
The client had installed the The client found Q-SEP® carried out with sodium hypo water then passes through the
UF RO system about 3 years hollow fiber UF membranes chlorite + NaoH and HCL. The DMF before being taken into
back. The UF plant was con- to be the most suitable and ro- turbidity and COD is being the UF system.
QUA’s Q-SEP UF membranes figured with another manu- bust solution for their polluted tested almost every alternate Q-SEP UF skid comprises
have made their mark in in- facturer’s membranes and was effluent. Q-SEP membranes, day by the client. The product of 14 modules of Q-SEP 6008.
dustrial wastewater treatment. designed for an output capaci- with its Cloud Point Precipita- water turbidity has been con- There are of 2 parallel rows
Given here are two specific ty of 12 m3/hr. tion technology, ensure a high sistently less than 0.1 NTU on
cases that showcase the supe- pore density along the length all days and SDI less than 3 for
riority of Q-SEP ultrafiltration The Problem of the fiber and a uniform nar- the entire 2 years since Q-Sep
systems. Four UF membranes were row pore size distribution in has been in operation. This
installed with a crossflow of 5 effectively meets the RO mem-
Case Study: Tertiary m3/hr. The client encountered IN A NUTSHELL brane inlet requirement.
Treated Textile Effluent issues with the installed ul- Industry: Textile/ Automo- The above results make it
The facility is a cotton yarn trafiltration membranes right tive Manufacturing quite evident that Q-SEP® is
dyeing unit that also bleaches from the beginning. Customer: Cotton Yarn Dye- very effectively treating the
fabrics, and is located in Tamil Textile wastewaters are char- ing Unit / Manufacturer of textile waste producing superi-
Nadu. The dyeing and bleach- acterized by extreme fluctua- Passenger Cars or product water quality at low
ing unit produces about 250 tions in many parameters such Location: Tamil Nadu / India operating cost.
Kilo Liters per Day (KLD) of as chemical oxygen demand Service Provider: QUA Water with 7 Q-SEP modules each.
wastewaters. This textile efflu- (COD), biochemical oxygen Technologies Case Study: Automotive The system is designed to op-
ent is severely contaminated demand (BOD), pH, color and Products/Technology In- Manufacturing Plant erate in both dead-end and
and contains considerable salinity. At this textile unit, volved: Q-SEP Hollow Fiber Effluent Treatment cross-flow mode, depending
amounts of hazardous pol- the UF feed water - secondary Ultrafiltration (UF) Modules on the feed turbidity variation.
lutants - recalcitrant organic, treated effluent - had high- Project Overview The BOD value at the inlet of
colored, toxicant, surfactant, er than expected BOD and The client is one of the larg- UF is between 20 - 40 ppm and
chlorinated compounds and COD, BOD in the ranges of the membrane and have prov- est manufacturer and exporter COD at 150 - 200 ppm.
salts - and even heavy metals 50-150 ppm and COD in the en to be extremely effective of passenger cars in India. The Q-SEP UF system was
are common. range of 400-700 ppm. The in- with challenging effluents and They had set up a new plant commissioned in February
Environmental regulations stalled UF membranes began achieving the desired SDI. and was looking to expand
have made mandatory the fouling quickly and the SDI Thus the client replaced the their ETP to treat the increased
treatment of textile effluent started rising beyond 5 from other manufacturer’s mem- effluent.
before allowing it to flow into the third month onwards and branes with 4 Q SEP 6008, at a Ultrafiltration was required
the natural ecological system. there were frequent cleaning flux rate of 50 LMH with cross in tertiary treatment to provide
The scarcity of fresh water required of the UF and RO flow design. consistent product water with
availability has also necessitat- systems, resulting in increased low silt density index (SDI),
ed that wastewater be treated downtimes. The membranes Q-SEP UF Performance to safeguard downstream Re-
for recycling and reuse. were unable to adequately pre- The performance of the Q verse Osmosis (RO) unit from
The client started with a treat the water and meet the SEP® membrane on tertiary colloidal fouling. The feed tur-
conventional pre-treatment expected performance criteria. treated textile waste recycle bidity to Ultrafiltration (UF)
wherein they used coagulants CIP was being done every application has been very en- unit varies from 5 NTU to 20
and flocculants to take care of other day resulting in a drop in couraging. NTU.
the suspended solids. Subse- permeate flow to as low as 6-7 The Q-SEP ultrafiltration QUA’s Q-SEP Ultrafiltration 2017 and has been in success-
quently, the biological process m3/hr and a rise in turbidity system was installed for modules successfully met the ful operation for more than a
took over to take care of BOD at the outlet. Further, SDI lev- pre-treatment to the RO sys- plant’s requirements due to year now. The system is able to
& COD. The final treated ef- els severely rose and touched tem, to safeguard the RO mem- their low fouling characteris- provide a consistent permeate
fluent after clarification was infinity in the preceding 6 branes from fouling due to fine tics, uniform pore size distri- output of 45 m3/hr.
taken through filtration fol- months. The client was dissat- colloidal impurities, and the bution and a large surface area The Trans-membrane pres-
lowed by a UF RO system. The isfied with the performance system has been running suc- which provides high operating sure (TMP) has been consis-
cessfully for the last two years. efficiency and reliable oper- tently below 1 bar. Chemical
The Q-SEP feed water COD ation. The Q-SEP system fol- Enhanced Backwash (CEB) is
has been constantly high over lows a pre-treatment process done once a day. The output
the 2 years, in the range of comprising of a dual media fil- SDI is consistently below < 3
400 ppm to 770 ppm. Despite ter followed by a bag filter and since the startup.
this, the permeate flow of the precedes a reverse osmosis
UF system has been consis- treatment system for tertiary About the Authors
tently maintained at 12 m3/ treatment. Vyom Sharma is working
hr on a day to day basis with- a Head - Technical Services at
out any loss in gross output, The QUA Solution QUA.
and the cross flow has been The automobile plant ef- Karthikeyan Kanakabal is
maintained at 5 m3/hr. The fluent passes through a pri- working as Product Manager -
feed pressure has been main- mary treatment followed by MBR at, QUA.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 23


Energy Efficient PT-RO & WHE System in

Industrial Wastewater System for ZLD
Market surveys and reports have pegged market opportunity of ZLD at around INR
2.7 billion in India (in 2017), in major water-intensive sectors, which is expected to
grow at 15-20% annually over the next five years.
By Rochem Separation System India (P) Ltd.

ROs (HP PT-RO) o C rossflow supply of the un-

The treatment of industrial treated solution feed to the
wastewater has always been a membranes with the mem-
problematic process, one that brane elements being hy-
involves multiple steps which draulically in series.
can often be labor and capi- o Creation of extremely short
tal intensive. Even yet these untreated solution flow
conventional processes fail to paths in the individual
consistently meet the new and membrane elements until
more stringent discharge stan- the final flow reversal.
dards. o Creation of open duct over
Looking at the current water the membrane surfaces for
scenario in the country and the the untreated soluti0n.
expected real valuation of the
cost of water soon, industrial Advantages of Rochem PT-
wastewater is fast becoming a RO Systems
valuable alternate resource.
Rochem with its highly ef- o Simplified pre-treatment
Zero Liquid Discharge high operating costs & lack of operations due to lack of ZLD fective and efficient HP PT-RO o Direct applications to high
(ZLD) Background in India reliable and efficient technolo- systems installed which is the module membrane system COD/BOD, SDI, turbidity
Industrial wastewater treat- gies in India. requirement now. This uncer- has answered the challenge streams
ment scenario in India has However, the last decade has tainty has raised questions by treating wastewater direct- o No suspended solid fouling
been very dynamic in wake seen that perception changing about the reliability of CETPs ly into the reuse quality fresh o Consistent high quality per-
of Central Pollution Control mainly due to stricter regula- and industries have moved to- water. meates
Board (CPCB) Guidelines for tion by local pollution control wards ZLD to avoid dependen- The Rochem module con- o Single treatment and reuse
Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) bodies & loss of production cy of CETP. cept is based on the following solution
for major water consuming due to water shortage or lack The guidelines issued by objectives and in-service re-
industries viz. Paper and Pulp, of good quality of water. CPCB in wastewater intensive quirements: HP PT-RO System
Refineries, Textiles, Tanneries, The CETP structure has industries has further pushed Case Study: AKR Fab
CETPs, etc. been successfully implement- industries towards ZLD route Industries Limited,
This is a reaction to severe ed in many industrial clusters post-2016. Perundurai, Tamilnadu
pollution of water bodies and across India. In this case study, we have
acute water scarcity faced by CETPs are then allowed to highlighted the energy-effi-
Nation to ensure reduction of discharge wastewater post ciency of Rochem products
water consumption and appro- required treatment to water such as PT-RO and WHE for
priate treatment of industrial bodies. ZLD in the industrial waste-
wastewater. Recently it has been ob- water.
Market surveys and reports served that CETP run by par- With these energy-efficient
available on the digital media ticipating members have flout- solutions, Rochem shall fur-
ed norms of discharge limits. ther consolidate market leader Scheme Before Installation of
have pegged market opportu-
Rochem PT (HP) - RO
nity of ZLD at around INR 2.7 The strict action from National position in the next five years
billion in India (in 2017) in Green Tribunal (NGT) and in India.
major water-intensive sectors the committee formed by Su- In India, power generation o F eed Capacity: 250 m3/day
which is expected to grow at preme Court of India has re- has been predominantly based o Feed TDS: 75,000 ppm
15-20% annually over the next sulted in the closure of many on fossil fuels, the energy effi- Before installation of
five years. such CETPs. ciency will bring down carbon Rochem PT (HP)-RO system
Historically, there was a re- The closure of CETPs has footprints to great extent with RO Rejects of 75,000 ppm
luctance to go for zero liquid led to participating member increasing use of Rochem were being fed to MEE to at-
discharge by industries due to industries curtail or shut down solutions. High-Pressure tain ZLD. By incorporating

24 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Step 1: Heat is transferred Waste Heat Evaporator

from the bulk fluid to System (WHE) Case
the wastewater surface. Study: AKR FAB Industries
Ltd, Perundurai
Step 2: Wastewater evaporates
from the surface. o F
 eed Capacity: 36 m3/day
o Feed TDS: 1,50,000 ppm
Step 3: 
Wastewater vapor dif- studies illustrated earlier that ROCHEM HP PT-RO
fuses through the mem- By choosing to opt for such the introduction of Rochem’s Industrial wastewater is
brane. a scheme, our client has saved innovative solution for evap- fast becoming a valuable
20 ton/day steam equivalent oration has very low energy alternate resource. Rochem
Step 4: Wastewater vapor con- energy. footprint (both electrical & with its highly effective and
denses on the other The WHE system utilizes thermal) compared to conven- efficient HP PT-RO module
Existing Scheme membrane system has an-
swered the challenge by treat-
ing wastewater directly into
the reuse quality fresh water.

ATFD vapors for evapora-

tion instead of steam from
Rochem PT (HP)-RO, the load side of the membrane.
on MEE is reduced by 35%
thus reducing steam consump- Advantages
tion for MEE significantly. The o Separation of the volatile
total steam savings because of component from solutions
this is 21.9 ton/day. The pow- o The concentration of the
er consumption remains the aqueous solution to produce
same for both the options. fresh water from highly con-
centrated feeds
Waste Heat o Compact and modular de-
Evaporator (WHE) sign WHE Installed at J&J, Hyderabad
Waste Heat Evaporator o Low life cycle cost
based on Membrane Distilla- o Safe operations at a low tem-
tion is a process that utilizes perature
differences in vapor pressure o Lower electrical energy con-
to permeate water through a sumption the boiler. Hence, the client
hydrophobic membrane and o Ease of maintenance as the was not required to spare any
reject other non-volatile con- system is skid mounted at steam. This also has created
stituents present in the feed. ground level additional capacity in existing
Waste Heat Evaporator o Limits scaling and corrosion MEE for future expansion if
works in an uncomplicated issues required. This has saved Opex
manner. The entire process can o High-quality of distillate and Capex as available ATFD
be summarized in four critical o Reduction in non-condens- vapors were utilized.
steps. able species in the vapor
These are: phase Conclusion
Based on the estimates from
the market it is reported that
Multiple Effect Evaporator
(MEE) business for Zero Liq-
uid Discharge (ZLD) is grow-
ing at 20% CAGR. tional evaporation systems.
Industry: Textile
Customer: AKR Fab Indus-
tries Limited
Location: Perundurai, Tamil
Service Provider: Rochem
Separation System India
Every year approximately The projections for growth of Products/Technology In-
20,000 m3 equivalent capac- Rochem Waste Heat Evapora- volved: Zero Liquid Dis-
ities Evaporators are being tor (WHE) sales in ZLD market charge (ZLD), PT-RO Systems,
sold. The projections based on and its impact on energy foot- Waste Heat Evaporator Sys-
WHE Installed Plant of Capacity 10 m3/day above are tabulated as below. print is tabulated as below. tems (WHE)
As it is evident from case

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 25


A Question of Taste
What appeals to consumers can prove enormously challenging for drinks
manufacturers - or rather their equipment suppliers.
By Bryan Orchard

ating at Rotkäppchen-Mumm’s the plant were planned and se-

production location in Eltville, lected by InfraServ Wiesbaden
Germany since the start of the (ISW Technik) and KSB, work-
year (Figure 1). It produces ing in collaboration.
the new product Mumm Dry The project’s demanding hy-
Alcohol-Free for the premium gienic requirements presented
sparkling wine market. The a challenge. While traditional
producer now bottles around sparkling wine is protected
six million liters of the alco- against contamination by
hol-free beverage every year, its high alcohol content, this
and the trend is rising. Rotkäp- effect is not present in alco-
pchen-Mumm also uses the hol-free variants.
system to produce an annual Special attention thus had
eight million liters of wine- to be paid to ensuring that all
based mixed drinks, for exam- pumps employed hygienically
ple, Rotkäppchen Fruchtsecco, suitable designs. They also re-
in various flavors. quired CIP compatibility, i.e.
Initially, the plant was the ability to operate with acid
configured to produce large and alkaline media and with-
quantities of alcohol-free spar- stand high temperatures. In
kling wine. But on the back the new production system’s
of its success, more varieties tank farm, twelve Vitacast
of Rotkäppchen Fruchtsecco pumps (Figure 2) transport
have since been successfully wines and alcohol-free drinks
launched to market. The same between the tanks, and to the
system now produces both filling systems.
Figure 1: A New Plant Producing an Annual Eight Million Litres of Wine-Based Mixed Drinks has been Operating at
Rotkäppchen-Mumm’s Production Location in Eltville Since 2017 (© KSB SE & Co. KGaA). larger and smaller quantities Here, they have to comply
as required. This demands ex- with technical, automation
Beer-based mixed drinks, ing. In this sector, imagination Alcohol-Free treme flexibility from pumps, and quality requirements
alcohol-free sparkling wines knows no bounds. Sparkling Wines tanks, piping systems, and au- encompassing pressure, tem-
or craft beer - the beverages in- “Process technology is re- A new system has been oper- tomation. The pumps used in perature and flow rate. “As de-
dustry has been turned on its quired to react extremely flexi-
head in the last few years. But bly, as quantities can fluctuate
what appeals to consumers can massively depending on what
prove enormously challenging flavor is in demand,” says Rene
for drinks manufacturers - or Kopp from Sales - Life Sciences
rather their equipment suppli- Applications at KSB. “After all,
ers. As tastes develop, changes sales quantities rarely reach
are underway to established the per-head volumes associat-
processes. ed with traditional beverages.”
Mention of beer-based Operators are also having
mixed drinks or fruit-flavored to rethink hygiene require-
sparkling wines will often ments. Obviously, alcoholic
cause head shaking amongst drinks must also be produced
the purists. in a hygienic fashion, but the
But the market for these manufacturing of such bever-
drinks is heating up. For ex- ages poses relatively few hy-
ample, alcohol-free beer-based giene problems. In contrast,
mixed drinks are becoming the juices and sugar added
more and more popular as al- to mixed drinks can create a
ternatives to traditional alco- fertile breeding ground for
hol-free beverages like apple bacteria. Such processes thus
spritzers or soft drinks, and require extensive experience
interesting new varieties of and attentiveness on the part Figure 2: In the New Production System’s Tank Farm, Twelve Vitacast Pumps Transport Wines and Alcohol-Free Drinks
sparkling wine are also emerg- of operating staff. Between the Tanks (© KSB SE & Co. KGaA).

26 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


brewery built a new brew

house for craft beers after re-
alizing that rising demand
would soon exceed the ca-
pacities of its brewing and Process
fermentation facilities. Plans technology
were thus developed to ex-
pand BrewDog’s headquarters is required to
in the town of Ellon, Scotland react extremely
by adding a 4,500-square-me- flexibly, as
tre building. KSB was selected
by engineering contractor Zie- quantities
mann Holvrieka to supply the can fluctuate
pumps for this plant. As well massively
as hygienic pumping equip-
ment, the order also included depending on
pumps for auxiliary process- what flavor is
es. The contract specified the
gentle handling of beer as an
in demand.
important criterion. - Rene Kopp, Sales
Figure 3: Locher AG Brewery in Appenzell, Known for Popular Swiss Regional Beer Quöllfrisch (© KSB SE & Co. KGaA).
KSB installed pumps from - Life Sciences
mand is subject to fluctuation, KSB’s Vitacast pumps (Figure provide a bright beer tank,” ex- the Etachrom, Etabloc, KWP Applications, KSB
all pumps are fitted with fre- 4) would best enable it to meet plains Kopp. This process plac- and Movitec series in the brew
quency inverters. The Pump- the brewery’s specifications.
Drive smart frequency invert- The challenge was to develop nature of the various tasks to
er, which is combined with an a plant capable of producing be performed, the operator
IE5 synchronous reluctance alcohol-free soft drinks and wanted to source all pumps -
motor, continually adjusts the beer-based mixed beverages. including those for secondary
speed to the actual demand of As these are both extremely applications - from one manu-
the system,” says Kopp. As a sensitive products, special facturer,” says Kopp.
result of the system’s extensive attention has to be paid to Hygienic design plays an es-
use of automation, all pumps handling the media as gently pecially important role when
are also equipped with a PRO- as possible. To avoid micro- selecting pumps for alco-
FIBUS PA interface. biological contamination, the hol-free drinks or beer-based
rules of hygienic design were mixed beverages. But that is
Alcohol-Free Drinks put into practice. not all: Supporting innova-
and Beer-Based “Another special feature of- tive processes also requires
Mixed Beverages fered by the system is its abil- exceptional flexibility so that
In Appenzell, Switzerland, ity to produce mixed drinks production quantities can be
renowned plant engineer FA- directly in line, i.e. inside the Figure 5: Pump Type Vitaprime, Similar in Design to Those at Work in the New
matched to the market’s de-
MIX has developed and built system’s machinery. Here, wa- Brew House at Scotland’s BrewDog Brewery (© KSB SE & Co. KGaA). mands. Pumps from KSB de-
a new production facility for ter is degassed and the oxygen liver on both fronts.
Brauerei Locher AG (Figure 3), it contains removed. It is then es a particular set of demands house where beer is produced.
a Swiss brewery known for its mixed with the required ingre- on pumps. In the cellar, processes handle About the Author
popular Appenzell beers in- dients to create the finished Drawing the water from a the final product and must Bryan Orchard is an inter-
cluding “Quöllfrisch”. drink. As mixing takes place vacuum tank requires them to meet the strictest of hygiene national freelance journalist
FAMIX determined that in line, it is not necessary to offer a corresponding NPSH requirements. In addition, in- who specializes in water and
value, and pumping from a dustrial process pumps used environmental engineering.
tank under vacuum is also here pump cold glycol to regu-
challenging for the pumps’ late temperatures. Most of the
shaft seals due to the potential installed Vitachrom and Vi- IN A NUTSHELL
for dry running. taprime hygienic food pumps Industry: Brewery/ Food &
(Figure 5) work in BrewDog’s Beverages
Craft-Beer on the Rise CIP processes. Here they facil- Customer: Rotkäp-
The beer market may be itate the cleaning of the brew- pchen-Mumm; BrewDog; and
on the back foot, but medi- ing equipment in line with Brauerei Locher AG
um-sized breweries, in partic- hygienic requirements with- Location: Eltville, Germany;
ular, are always able to find a out it having to be disman- Ellon, Scotland; and Appen-
niche in which to prosper. Of- tled. This allows optimized zell, Switzerland
ten, their regional flair makes batch operation and reduces Service Provider: KSB SE &
them attractive. Or they turn the subsequent downtime to Co.
to craft beers, which – having an absolute minimum. “This Products/Technology In-
arisen in the USA – are now brewery reflects the whole volved: Vitacast, Vitaprime,
enjoying success worldwide. range of tasks which pumps Etachrom, Etabloc, KWP, and
Figure 4: To Meet the Brewery’s Requirements, the Engineering Contractor Seeking to capitalize on this can handle in the beverage Movitec Series Pumps
Famix Chose Vitacast Pumps for the Project (© KSB SE & Co. KGaA). trend, Scotland’s BrewDog industry. Despite the diverse

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 27


The First Successful Industrial Wastewater

Recycle and Reuse Plant in Sohar, Sultanate
of Oman
Majis had decided to develop a 10,000 m3 Central Effluent Treatment and Recycle
Plant (CETRP), to collect, treat, recycle and then pump back the ‘Process Water’
produced by the Recycle Reuse Plant.
By UEM India

Ariel View of CETRP Majis Plant in Sohar Industrial Area, Oman

Introduction izer, Methanol, Steel & Iron charging their waste effluents SIPA under the policy-makers o C ommercial challenges like
Oman is one of the most processing plants, these indus- (Treated Industrial Effluents of the Government of Oman. providing affordable water
water-scarce nations in the tries require cooling and pro- TIE) into the return seawater tariff to the customers and
MENA region with only 416 cess water for Operation 24/7. canal for ultimate marine dis- implementing cost-effective
m3 of water is available per Among environmental issues posal, would no longer be able The Challenges solutions.
person each year compared that are currently being ad- to continue this practice. o Protect the water environ- o Providing the solution in a
with 1,429 m3 /p/ year average dressed, much emphasis has ment of SIPA, by providing time-bound manner, chal-
in the rest of the region. been put on air-pollution and Customer Overview pollution control measures. lenges towards completion
Sohar Industrial Port Area Liquid discharges. o Treatment of effluent qual- of the project.
(SIPA) being of strategic and From January 2014, Rules Majis Industrial Services ity complying to S1 dis- o Minimizing Client risk re-
economic significance for Gov- and Regulation prohibited SAOC charge, more pollutant dis- lated to the operation of the
ernment of Oman with a huge the discharge of any kind of Majis Industrial Services charge like S2 and a mix of Waste Water Treatment and
present investment, is the big- industrial liquid waste other SAOC has been providing wa- toxic/off spec discharge (S3). Recycle Plant.
gest in Oman, and together than brine and cooling water ter and wastewater services at o Recycle the effluent and
with SFZ (Sohar Free Zone), it to the marine environment. SIPA. Majis is responsible for make it reusable. The Solutions
is probably the largest in GCC. This change to the policy im- Monitoring, Collecting, Treat- o Removal of heavy metals. Majis had decided to de-
SIPA houses Industries like plied that the tenants of SIPA ing, Recycling and Reusing the o Providing reliable technol- velop a 10,000 m3 Central Ef-
Petrochemical, Power, Fertil- currently treating and dis- Effluent as much as possible at ogy for recycling and reuse. fluent Treatment and Recycle

28 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


and put into the commercial

operation from February 2018.
UEM group (a Toshiba
group company) is an interna-
tional multi-disciplined envi-
ronmental services company
specialized in providing turn-
key design and construction
services in water and wastewa-
ter for industries and munici-
palities throughout the world.
UEM acts as the single point of
responsibility for engineering,
procurement, construction,
installation, and performance
testing of water and wastewa-
ter facilities.
UEM has over 450+ success-
fully completed projects in In-
dia and many other countries
around the world.

HMRU at the CETRP Majis Plant in Sohar Industrial Area, Oman IN A NUTSHELL
Industry: Industrial Port
Plant (CETRP), to collect, treat, minimizes power, chemical Plant to produce high recov- strate the low-power and Area (Petrochemical, Power,
recycle and then pump back consumption and Net Pres- ery process water for indus- low-chemical consumption. Fertilizer, Methanol, Steel &
the ‘Process Water’ produced ent Value (NPV). trial use. o The plant has contributed to Iron Processing Plants, etc.)
by the Recycle Reuse Plant. o Integration of Online Mon- o Operation and Maintenance the client’s commercial ob- Customer: Majis Industrial
Majis then awarded a De- itoring stations and Central of the plant for 5 years. jectives and overall business Services SAOC
sign, Build and 5 years Opera- Monitoring stations for ef- goals. Location: Sohar,
tion (DBO) contract to UEM to fective Operations. The Benefits Sultanate of Oman
meet the above challenges and o Design and implementation (Since the Commissioning Project Outcome Service Provider:
objectives. of pre-treatment units for S1 of the Plant in August 2016) The reliability and reputa- UEM Group
UEM has provided turnkey stream of effluent o The plant is able to effec- tion of the first project imple- Products/Technology
and complete solutions with o Design, upgradation and im- tively treat the effluent (TIE) mented by UEM has been able Involved: Central Effluent
the following key deliverables: plementation for conversion and sewage and thus meets to strengthen the clients trust Treatment and Recycle
o Survey of the existing chal- of 3 MLD STP to 10 MLD the objectives of safeguard- in UEM, as a result UEM was Plant (CETRP), Sewage
lenges, and design through ETP to cater the need of re- ing the marine environment. awarded another DBO Con- Treatment Plant (STP),
detailed analysis. finery TIE. o The plant is able to meet the tract (with 10 years of Oper- Effluent Treatment Plant
o Study and maximizing the o Removal of heavy metals. process water requirement ation & Maintenance) of 10 (ETP), Ultrafiltration (UF),
use of existing assets. o Installation of mem- successfully, as expected. MLD CETRP (Phase II), which Reverse Osmosis (RO)
o Optimize plant design that brane-based Recycle/Reuse o The plant is able to demon- has also been commissioned

HMRU at the CETRP Majis Plant in Sohar Industrial Area, Oman RO Section Inside the CETRP Majis Plant in Sohar Industrial Area, Oman

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 29


Application of Reed Bed Systems in Tourism

By getting affordable and manageable STP, the hotel owners win, by having an STP
that looks like a garden the patrons win, and because of recycling of wastewater
mother nature wins.
By Dr. Ajit S Gokhale, Avinash Niwate, JG Parkhi, and Akshay Khot

cestors used natural wetlands gardens- The Reed Beds are ar-
to clean up their liquid efflu- tificially created wetlands with
ent thousands of years ago. the impervious base. They do
Traces of this ancient tech- not allow any seepage of un-
nology adoption can be seen treated wastewater into the
in many traditional villages ground.
with low population density. Inside this leak-proof tank
There the households divid- or basin, appropriate baffling
ed their total wastewater flow ensures sufficient contact time
into kitchen flow, bath flow, and surface area interaction of
and toilet flow. The first two the roots of selected acclima-
flows were allowed to run the tized hygroscopic plants, with
ground surface. Birds and the waste. We plant several
insects ate away what was acclimatized plants besides
The Reed Bed Nestles so well in the Landscape of Grape County their food. Earthworms and Reeds and rushes, planted in
termites finished the job effi- carefully laid graded media
TOURISM INDUSTRY HAS high oil and grease content The major issue that these ciently. There was no problem with gravel and soil on top.
large water footprint. Obvious- leaving the kitchens. places pose is the variability in of pollution of groundwater. The graded media is colo-
ly, it also has large wastewater Hotels built later on and the flow and intermittency of In 2003, the Central Pollu- nized with microorganisms
generation. The hotels built Resorts built in places away the flow. Mechanical activat- tion Control Board published that break down any organic
in cities a long time ago had from the cities do not have the ed sludge processes are much a booklet on the use of con- pollutants from an inflow of
an easy access to municipal service/ luxury of municipal sensitive to such variation structed wetlands in sewage dirty water, leaving the out-
sewers. So, they did not need sewer lines. They either end up and may get grossly disturbed and industrial effluent treat- flow cleaner.
to take the treatment of their polluting their surroundings, by weekend surges and lean ment. However, it took some We design the systems to
wastewater seriously. Slowly, it especially in Suburban/ Rur- season starvation. The third time to gain popularity with optimize the actions of the
was learned that these waste- ban areas or decide for them- challenge that these resorts users. Because not many purification processes which
waters are high volume and, in selves to ‘Go Green’. We were face is the power charges. They companies were interested can treat many different kinds
many cases, even much higher fortunate to work with two pay at commercial rates and in selling a technology which of wastewaters from domestic
in concentration than the nor- such forward-thinking resorts. using a lot of electricity for does not call for a steady flow sewage, grey water to some
mal city sewage, particularly Who, on their own decided to sewage treatment appears to of spares and consumables. kinds of industrial effluents
due to the food wastage which treat their sewage and reuse give them jitters for the fear Such systems are bad busi- and road run-off. Reed beds
goes down the drain and the the treated water. of the electricity bills. Anoth- ness for them. It does not give can be built, at or below
er expense that they find a bit them perpetually flow of sale, ground level. If the site con-
too much is dedicated staff though for users it is all gain… ditions demand they can be
to maintain activated sludge and a good bargain too. made even above the ground
process variants. Another pain Now, however, it is recog- level.
point is the need of chemicals nized that Reed bed systems/ Acclimatized plants help in
needed for maintaining the ef- constructed wetlands are both the quick commissioning of
ficacy of the ASP. an economic and an ecologi- the reed bed system. The type
Hence, we suggested to cal natural method of treating of vegetation is key to such
these clients, use of Low-ener- sewage and some types of con- systems. We use our ecological
gy, No Chemical, easy to main- centrated effluent. and botanical expertise in se-
tain Reed Bed Systems. These lecting plants suited to the site
constructed wetland technolo- Constructed Wetlands climatic conditions. Academ-
gies have performed very well or Reed Bed Systems ic scientists have found that
in these places too. Today, thousands of con- microbial populations within
The use of wetlands to treat structed wetland treatment gravels containing Phragmites
effluent is not a new idea. Most systems are operative all over and Typha are far greater than
Reed Bed in Making on a Sloping Rocky Terrain probably our Indus valley an- the world. These engineered those existing in gravel alone.

30 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


ture enthusiasts from diverse

cultures to relax and rejoice
amidst the wilderness.
A natural reed bed system
was installed to treat 30,000
liters wastewater generated in
resort & restaurant. The resort
is recycling every drop of treat-
ed sewage water for gardening
and agriculture. The system
gave extremely satisfactory re-
sults with respect to ease of op-
eration, low power consump-
tion and odorless good quality Sea Crest Resort, Dahanu Showing
of treated water for reuse. Reed Bed System, and Part of Land-
scape Area
The Grape County Resort is
a first eco-resort in Maharash- and on the lawn area. Sea Crest
tra to achieve a 5-star rating Resort and Crazy Crab restau-
under SVAGRIHA (Simple rant are the only resorts that
Versatile Affordable Green have greenery in their gardens
Rating for Integrated Habitat in the peak of summer.
Assessment). Thanks only to the recycling
of their treated wastewater. All
Reed Bed Progress from Start to Finish Sea Crest - Crazy odor which prevailed before
Crab Resort, Dahanu, setting up of the reed bed have
One more important fact tems. While some like ground finer roots. This process helps Maharashtra vanished and the owners are
about the microbial popula- cover ones have shallow the rhizosphere initiate and Sea Crest Resort is located getting preferential bookings
tions in the reed bed is, here spreading roots which mostly support large populations on picturesque Dahanu Beach. for the bungalows facing the
one can evidence all the three spread in upper layers of me- of aerobic microorganisms, Nestled cozily in between co- beautiful garden which actual-
types of bacteria growing side dia forming a thick aerobic which thrive in oxygen-rich conut and chikoo trees, right ly is a reed bed system treating
by side. Aerobic bacteria grow mat. Almost all these plants environments. across the sea. their wastewater.
where the plant roots are in have aerenchyma tissues. The Such a set up means that, as The resort was facing se- Not just that, the Resort has
plenty. A little distance away root systems, stems, leaf bas- wastewater passes through the vere odor problem from their set up a Beautiful Boat House
grow facultative bacteria and es all have aerenchyma. Thin- rhizosphere, it encounters al- own wastewater, generated in housing couple of Honey-
still farther away grow an- walled cells with the ability to ternate aerobic and anaerobic resort & restaurant. During moon suites next to the reed
aerobic ones. These colonies conduct gases from the leaf to microbial populations. These low tide and humid climate, bed system.
also are dynamic. Where new the root and back. This helps convert carbonaceous, and to foul odor was more predom-
root growth enters the anaer- in giving oxygen to the aer- a lesser extent nitrogenous inant. Resort rooms on the Effect of the Reed
obes get replaced by aerobes. obes. and phosphatic contaminants, rear side facing creek didn’t Bed Treated Water
Where there is root death, the The plants generate oxygen into less polluting materials. get takers. on the Otherwise
anaerobes replace the aerobes during photosynthesis during Odor forming ammonia is con- The owners of the resort Dry Landscape
and facultatives (like the shed- daytime. During night time, verted to nitrates which are ab- got the reference of Natural Some of the photographs
ding of leaves plants also tend they can also absorb small sorbed by the plants. Similarly, Solutions from a common ac- of Sea Crest Resort, Dahanu
to shed some roots every year). amounts of oxygen from the sulphides are converted to quaintance. After a site visit here show the reed bed sys-
air and release it through their sulphates which are odorless and discussions about the tem, boathouse, and part of
Rhizosphere roots. Oxygen is transmitted plant nutrient. Some amount flow variations and water qual- landscape area where treated
Many of the reed bed plants to the root zone, also known as of fixed nitrates are denitrified ity with owners, the resort in- wastewater is being utilized.
have rhizomes or corms. Some the rhizosphere, through the by denitrifying bacteria in the stalled Dynamic Reed Bed Sys- This is the only resort which
have stolons and runners. Tall leaves and stems of the plants, upper layers of media. tem (Natural STP, designed by retains such greenery in sum-
plants have deeper root sys- and is then exuded from the M/s. Natural Solutions) to treat mer months in Dahanu. Thus,
Case Study: 10,000 liters/day of wastewa- setting up of reed bed has im-
Tourism Industry ter on weekdays and 40,000 proved the customer base and
The Grape County Resort liters of wastewater on week- popularity of the resort.
is situated in Anjaneri, Tram- ends. Construction was done
bakeshwar Road, Nashik, by local civil contractors under IN A NUTSHELL
Maharashtra. Displaying full the guidance of Natural Solu- Industry: Tourism/Hotels
grandeur of Grape Country tions. Locally, the available Customer: Grape County
Nashik! A heaven for those material was used for making Resort, and Sea Crest Resort
who are seeking good time graded filling media. The work Location: Nashik,
while indulging in nature and was completed in 2016. Maharashtra, and
being responsible towards it. By now the reed bed is Dahanu, Maharashtra
Spread across 120 acres adja- looking like a garden as well Service Provider:
cent to 2000 acres of reserved as floral curtain screening the Natural Solutions
forestland, Grape County is an marshy creek view. They are Products/Technology
Eco Resort and Eco Living des- using treated water for water- Involved: Reed Bed Systems
Boat House at the Sea Crest Resort, Dahanu tination bringing together na- ing coconut and chikoo grove

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 31


Environmentally Aware Seafood

Manufacturer Sets Environmental Standards
The new GWE plant is designed to remove over 95% of organic contaminants from
the wastewater. The plant, commissioned this year, uses treatment processes
including its globally proven ANAMIX™ anaerobic waste digester.
By CST Wastewater Solutions

The Port of Victoria, Capital of the Seychelles, Where Environmental Safeguards are Essential to Protect the Remote Archipelago’s Natural Beauty and Major Industries of Tourism, Fishing and Farming.

AN INTERNATIONAL EX- represented in Australasia by onshore and offshore food, East Africa. The Victoria pro- obic waste digester to achieve
PORTER of seafood dedicat- CST Wastewater Solutions, beverage, aquaculture, and ag- cessing plant - an operation of outstanding discharge quali-
ed to top world standards of which says the widely appli- riculture processing operations the Thai Union Group Public ties, and convert a mixture of
environmental protection and cable technology will not only in Australasia, says CST Waste- Company - produces 2,000 cu- wastewater and sludge into
sustainability has introduced achieve outstanding effluent water Solutions Managing Di- bic meters a day of wastewater biogas, which can later reduce
new high-efficiency wastewa- qualities but, depending on rector, Michael Bambridge. in its processing and canning the company’s dependence on
ter treatment to its Seychelles how it is utilized, can also pro- Indian Ocean Tuna’s seafood operations. fossil fuels and minimize their
manufacturing plant in a pris- vide biogas. processing operation is in Vic- The new GWE plant is de- environmental impact.
tine area of the Indian ocean “This renewable energy, toria, capital of the Seychelles signed to remove over 95% of “Such benefits are also avail-
7,000 km west of Perth. which has the potential to re- archipelago of 115 islands, organic contaminants from the able to any Australasian pro-
The India Ocean Tuna plant place fossil fuels by turning which are renowned for their wastewater. The plant, commis- cessing operation with a bio-
incorporates the latest Global wastewater organic content natural beauty and are home sioned this year, uses treatment logical waste stream, including
Water & Energy (GWE) aerobic into green energy, is broadly to UNESCO World heritage processes including its glob- meat, poultry, fish, dairy, crop
and anaerobic digestion plants applicable to a wide range of sites 1,600 km off the coast of ally proven ANAMIX™ anaer- and brewery, and beverage

32 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


for their solid waste.

GWE, which has more than
400 wastewater plants in 64
countries, has recently re-
branded from Global Water This renewable
Engineering to reflect a grow-
ing focus on turning wastewa-
energy, which
ter into green energy. has the potential
to replace fossil
Benefits of the GWE technol-
ogy include:
fuels by turning
o Effective organic contam- wastewater
ination removal from the organic content
wastewater stream before
discharge minimizes the im-
into green
pact on the environment. energy, is broadly
o Up to 3,000 cubic meters a applicable to
day of biogas generated can
be utilized by Indian Ocean
a wide range
Tuna in many profitable of onshore
ways, ranging from use in and offshore
operations, where the tech-
nology involved has already
duction site.
By extracting biogas (pri-
ty,” says GWE.
With its new wastewater
the company’s boiler and
heat processes through to
food, beverage,
been proven in service,” said marily methane) from the treatment plant, Indian Ocean production of green electric- aquaculture,
Michael. organic waste removed, the and agriculture
The ANAMIX™ process
- which is designed to maxi-
fish processing plant can save
more than 2,000 kg/d of fuel
mize the contact between the oil, worth about USD 1,000 per operations in
anaerobic biomass digestion day, decreasing the fossil fuel Australasia
process and the biological dependency of the company,
waste - comprises a completely and reducing its environmen-
- Michael Bambridge,
mixed anaerobic reactor, espe- tal footprint. Such savings can Managing Director,
cially suitable for the digestion amount to hundreds of thou- CST Wastewater
of wastewater with significant sands of dollars a year and
Fat, Oil and Grease (FOG) achieve a rapid ROI for the Solutions
content - as is this case, waste wastewater treatment plant,
streams from fish and seafood says GWE.
processing. “With world seafood produc- pay for themselves. “So, there
During the ANAMIX™ tion now topping 170 million is a strong business profitabil-
digestion process, anaero- tons - both from fisheries and ity case to support companies
bic bacteria convert organic aquaculture - there is obviously Tuna significantly reduces its ity for the company or com- wishing to act in an environ-
contamination in sludge and great scope globally for GWE impact on the surrounding wa- munity use. mentally responsible manner,”
wastewater into biogas, which technologies such those ad- ter and grounds. Application o An additional environmen- says Michael, whose company
can be turned into methane opted by Indian Ocean Tuna of the anaerobic digester such tal benefit is the plant’s low is currently involved in en-
and later utilized for energy to deliver a more sustainable as ANAMIX™ and mechanical space requirements for land- gineering waste sludge and
production and used as fuel environmental outcome. This dewatering by means of screw fills, due to the advanced wastewater treatment solu-
for electric power generators or plant sets global benchmarks press contributes to significant management of sludge by tions in environmentally sen-
to replace fossil fuels in steam for environmental outcomes reduction in disposal costs and application of the ANA- sitive areas ranging from main-
boilers and heaters on the pro- and commercial sustainabili- lower landfills requirements MIX™ digester and sludge land farmlands, factories and
dewatering unit screw press. processing plants through to
The process delivers signif- outback and world heritage ar-
icant sludge disposal cost eas such as Lord Howe Island.
o Mechanical sludge dewater-
ing with a screw press pro-
Industry: Seafood Manufac-
cess that allows high dry sol-
turer, Food & Beverages
ids content and contributes
Customer: India Ocean Tuna
to the significant reductions
Location: Perth, Australia
in disposal costs.
Service Provider: CST Waste-
water Solutions, Global Water
Michael says that not only
& Energy (GWE)
is the plant installed by Indian
Products/Technology In-
Ocean Tuna an environmental
volved: Aerobic/ Anaerobic
boon for Seychelles, but also
Digestion Plants, ANAMIX™
biogas-producing green ener-
Anaerobic Waste Digester
gy plants such as this can help

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 33


Drives Technology: The Recipe for Precise

Actuator Control
Schiebel is the only Austrian producer of electric actuators. These actuators are
used anywhere that the supply and removal of solid, liquid or gaseous substances
need to be controlled.
By Danfoss A/S

When it comes to markets,

the Viennese company de-
livers worldwide, but with a
leaning towards Eastern and
South-East Europe - partly due
to history, and partly due to
market conditions. Schiebel
places value on proximity to
the customer and is represent-
ed internationally not only
by dealers but also by its own
subsidiaries. “This is part of
our service strategy. We want
to build a lasting customer re-
lationship,” says Klaus Schieb-
el. Their success is proof that
the company’s strategy works.
After all, Schiebel’s employees
are excellent at parleying the
company’s “smallness” into a
strength. Flexibility is the key
word here, both in the techno-
logical area, as well as in terms
of customer requirements and
delivery times.

Success Thanks
to Technology
Schiebel builds on a tech-
nological specialty: their so-
called “fail-safe” actuators.
“Electric actuators have a weak
point: If the power supply fails
then the actuator fails, which
Schiebel Smartcon and Danfoss VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 are the Perfect Match for Precise Actuator Control in Demanding Applications can lead to problems in cer-
tain areas of the oil and gas
WORLDWIDE, THERE ARE the actuators, ensuring that anywhere that the supply and factory in Vienna, we produce industry,” explains Stephan
only a handful of manufactur- flows can be regulated in an removal of solid, liquid or gas- around 7,000 actuators each Vasiljevic, who is responsible
ers of electrical actuators for accurately controlled manner, eous substances need to be year with 56 employees, and for electrical engineering at
the process industry – and the even in difficult applications. controlled. “Compared to oth- we have the entire produc- Schiebel. A good 20 years ago,
Viennese company Schiebel Danfoss is responsible for this: er providers on the market, we tion chain in our own hands, technicians from the Viennese
Antriebstechnik GmbH is the the VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 are the smallest company. But from development through company had to deal with this
smallest of these. However, AC drive is a product that is it is precisely our manageable to construction, mechanical weakness using a spring reset
the company turns this to its perfect for the task at Schiebel. size that allows us to have an finishing to assembly and mechanism. Today, the tech-
advantage and gains status important say in this market,” packaging.” This is due to the nology that evolved from this
in the marketplace with tech- Small and Excellent states company director Klaus fact that the Schiebel actuators is highly in demand on the
nology quality rather than Schiebel is the only Austri- Schiebel confidently. In this are considerably more com- market. “Our fail-safe function
quantity. This technology is an producer of electric actua- context, depth of production pact than competitor products is a major factor in our strate-
tucked away in the interior of tors. These actuators are used is one of the key terms: “At our with the same performance. gy of winning customers with

34 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


gas pipelines or steam condi-

tioning,” says Vasiljevic. This
fine process control is realized
by means of an AC drive, and
this is where Danfoss comes
into play. The company’s ex-
tensive expertise in AC drives
is very much in demand here,
as the devices have to meet a
whole range of requirements
- Schiebel’s demands are high.
One point is the frame, since
the AC drive is not placed in a
switch cabinet, but is integrat-
ed directly into the actuator
control. This, in turn, means Danfoss’ variable
that the heat dissipation must speed drives
occur without additional
cooling. Very few other AC
impressed us
drives on the market have the from the outset.
Optimal Integration: With its Compact and Temperature-Resistant Design, the Danfoss VLT® Midi Drive FC 280 Drive
Fits Almost Perfectly into the Schiebel Actuators. required compact and robust - Klaus Schiebel,
technology,” says Klaus Schieb- ment of its own control system the control system uses wide-
el. But Schiebel also has taken for actuators. “With Smartcon spread fieldbus technologies.” State-of-the-Art Director, Schiebel
into account the trend towards controls, the intelligence is In addition, the control system “One of our most import- Antriebstechnik
decentralization in process moving out into the field,” says enables comprehensive diag- ant requirements is that the
automation - with the develop- Vasiljevic. “The integration to nostics. highest torque is available on GmbH
start-up,” explains Stephan
Vasiljevic. Previously, this Klaus Schiebel is satisfied with
requirement usually meant the FC 280 drive on all counts.
using an oversized converter. “It is technologically state-
With Danfoss’ VLT® Midi Drive of-the-art, offers high perfor-
FC 280, this is now no longer mance with correspondingly
necessary, which has a positive short response times, easily
impact, not least on the costs. fits into our enclosures thanks
Control and parameterization to its compactness, and offers
of the AC drive are performed very good value for money.” It
using Schiebel’s Smartcon con- is no surprise, then, that Dan-
trol - the Danfoss developers foss AC drives are also part of
thought of everything to offer the largest individual order
OEMs this option. With the in Schiebel’s history. Schieb-
VLT® Midi Drive FC 280, Dan- el sales and service manager
foss has launched an AC drive Michael Piller: “We are deliv-
that represents the state of the ering around 1,000 actuators
art across all its characteris- for the construction of a 660
tics. “The support of a wide MW lignite power plant in
Klaus Schiebel is satisfied with the range of fieldbus systems, the Greece (Ptolemais V), about
FC 280 drive on all counts. “It is control of permanent magnet 300 of which are controlled by
technologically state-of-the-art, motors, an integrated STO AC drives.” A milestone in the
offers high performance with cor- (Safe Torque Off ) function, the company’s history, to which
respondingly short response times,
easily fits into our enclosure thanks
USB interface and last, but not Danfoss is making a signifi-
to its compactness, and offers very least, the new memory module cant contribution.
good value for money. are just some of the features
that make the FC 280 a consis-
Precision Control tent package for OEMs,” con- IN A NUTSHELL
While most actuators only firms Günter Schwarz, Global Industry: Electrical/
have a relatively simple “open- Product Marketing Manager at Actuators
closed” functionality, a num- Danfoss in Guntramsdorf. In Customer: Schiebel
ber of applications are signifi- line with the motto “Flexible Antriebstechnik GmbH
cantly more demanding. These in application, simple and fast Location: Vienna
require a high degree of accu- in system integration”. Service Provider:
racy and the flow control must Danfoss A/S
be able to be carried out in The Complete Solution Products/Technology
precise, small steps. “Applica- Another important factor is Involved: VLT® Midi
tions for this type of actuator having excellent support, both Drive FC 280
LT® Midi Drive FC 280 can be found, for example, in very close by and globally.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 35


Disc Filters as an Efficient Alternative to

Sand Filters
New mesh construction combines 6μm filtration rate with high throughput and
optimal backwashing.
By GKD - Gebr. Kufferath AG

the throughput rate are all key

indicators for the efficiency of
mechanical wastewater treat-
ment. Disc filters for the sep-
aration of ultrafine particles
enable the kind of practically
solids-free processing that the
strict standards for the dis-
charge quality of water from
treatment plants prescribe.
Water purified to these speci-
fications can be used, without
further processing, for the ir-
rigation of fields and parks.
Alternatively, the ultrafine
filtration stage may be fol-
lowed by further downstream
treatment stages, for example,
UV-treatment or membrane
filtration. In the industrial
sector, in addition to fulfilling
the increasing quality stan-
dards for process and service
water, disc filters also enable
recyclable materials to be re-
trieved from the wastewater.
Disc Filter for Micro-Screening They also meet the increasing
demand for the reliable sepa-
IN BOTH INDUSTRIAL and cal processing of surface wa- without any changes to the stringent. The fineness of the ration of the microorganisms
municipal water processing, ter, wastewater and seawater size of the mesh openings, particles to be separated, the contained in untreated water
effective methods for the have been searching for filter achieves a 25 percent higher residual solids content and sourced directly from nearby
quantitative and qualitative media that offer a genuine flow rate. This innovative wo-
securing of the water supply alternative to conventional ven stainless steel wire mesh
are crucial. The key factors for sand filter systems. Their ex- construction offers an optimal
success here are compliance pectations are correspond- combination of the long-term
with the increasingly strin- ingly high: the development accuracy of filtration rate in
gent requirements regarding of ultrafine filter media for the microfiltration range with
environmental protection and hydrostatic filtration which, high permeability, long ser-
the conservation of natural at a high throughput rate, sep- vice life, and excellent back-
resources, the full utilization arates 99% of all particles > wash capability.
of cost reduction potentials, than 6 μm. A worthy challenge Whether for the processing
and, of course, the reliability for GKD – Gebr. Kufferath AG, of service and process water
of wastewater treatment pro- a global technology leader in for use in industrial water
cesses. This calls for technolo- the field of application-specif- cycles or for the processing
gies that, through the creation ically optimized filter media. of surface water for drinking
of closed water cycles, ensure And this long-standing and water production, the same
both sustainability and, at the proven provider has come up applies: the requirements on
same time, cost-efficiency. No with a solution that fits the the filtration of pre-treated
wonder, then, that leading bill perfectly: a 6 μm flow-op- wastewater form industrial or
manufacturers of filtration timized Plain Dutch Weave municipal purification plants
equipment for the mechani- mesh called ODW 6, which, are becoming more and more Installed ODW Filter Elements

36 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


relevant to the selection of and flow rates. Here, too, the

the appropriate filter media. single-layer construction of
After determining the mesh the ODW gave a convincing
type and specification, sample performance across the board
weaves were produced on the in terms of its filtration rate
company’s own ultramodern in the microfiltration range,
technical looms and tested in- its good regeneration capac-
tensively in the laboratory. ity and its low tendency to
clog. That marked the green
Ultrafine and Highly light for standardized produc-
Permeable tion of the innovative mesh
The basis for the new mesh construction. The tests also
construction is the woven demonstrated that the high
stainless steel wire mesh Op- filtration performance of the
timized Plain Dutch Weave ODW 6 can also improve the
(ODW), a mesh type that has throughput capacity of down-
already proven itself repeated-
ly in countless filtration pro-
cesses. Its special weave cre- IN A NUTSHELL
ates rectangular, slot-shaped Industry: Water, Waste,
pores on the mesh surface that Environment Industry
are smaller than the pores in- Customer: Filter
side the mesh. This ensures Manufacturers
that particles above the speci- Location: Germany
Filter in a Sewage Treatment Plant
fied cut point are reliably sepa- Service Provider: GKD
rivers or streams. Another in- precedented properties. The started with target-oriented rated on the mesh surface. The - Gebr. Kufferath AG
creasingly important area of main objective was to create simulations of a range of mesh special pore geometry has the Products/Technology
use for these filters is in the an ultrafine mesh for mechan- constructions. This involved effect that many particles are Involved: Filter Media,
desalination of seawater and ical wastewater treatment that combining the geometric pore separated next to each other ODW 6 (Flow-Optimized
brackish water for freshwater would increase retention of size, calculated according to at each pore, which explains Plain Dutch Weave Mesh)
production for the industrial total suspended solids (TSS) the IMVT formula, with the the high dirt-holding capacity
sector. In seawater treatment, in the microfiltration range of the mesh and, at the same stream membrane filtration
disc filters are deployed up- and at the same time reduce time, its very low flow resis- and the efficiency of UV sys-
stream from cartridge and the turbidity level (Nephelo- tance. In a very short time, a tems in wastewater treatment.
membrane filtration stages. metric Turbidity Units, NTU) filter cake develops that fur- In the treatment of seawater,
and the concentration of algae. ther improves the retention the ODW 6 also promises to
The Search for Further specifications that the rate. Particles below the cut help increase the flow capac-
an Alternative new type of filter media was point pass freely through the ity in the membrane filtration
GKD has been supplying expected to fulfill included inner pores of the mesh, which stage and thus to protect the
filter manufacturers with fine resistance to the influence of is why ODWs have a very low membranes. Here, too, the
filtration meshes for custom- chemicals and high tempera- The Flow-Optimized ODW Meshes tendency to clog. Through tar- unique performance spec-
ized separation of fine parti- tures as well as good cleaning Combine Long-Term Reliability of geted modification and further trum of the new mesh quali-
Filtration Rates in the Microfiltration
cles since 2006, so they were properties. And all this was Range with Almost Three Times
development of this proven fies it as a viable replacement
a logical choice of partner for combined with the challenge Higher Throughput Rates. mesh construction, GKD’s fil- option for sand filters that will
the development of a new of guaranteeing a high water tration experts succeeded in noticeably reduce the load on
grade of filter media with un- flow rate during hydrostatic simulation of flow and filtra- creating a new type of filter downstream treatment stages.
filtration in spite of the ultraf- tion processes. This enabled media with the unprecedented Thanks to the considerably
ine separation rate. Previously, pore size of just 6 μm and – in lower counter-pressure of the
only sand filters could fulfill comparison to the currently ODW 6 compared to conven-
such a task, as no filter media available products of compet- tional ultrafine meshes, the
with the required characteris- itors –three times higher flow new mesh facilitates the same
tics for mechanical filtration rate. Compared to convention- throughout with a smaller fil-
existed. Now, disc filters in al ultrafine meshes, this specif- ter surface area, or a higher
continuous operation – and ic weave features substantially throughput with the same fil-
with integrated backwashing – more stainless steel wires on ter surface area. And the first
are purifying huge quantities The Throughput is Possible Due to its surface. This is the reason balance drawn by the filter
of wastewater, and offering a Specific Mesh Construction with for the extraordinary stability manufacturers themselves is
conventional sand filters some an 8.5-Times Lower Pressure Loss of the individual pores and the very positive. Thanks to its
serious competition. Coefficient. overall mechanical strength of porous structure, the flow-op-
the ODW 6 mesh. timized 6 μm ODW mesh
Target-Oriented them to analyze the respective combines an excellent flow
Mesh Simulation filtration mechanisms per 3D Successful in Operation rate with significantly finer
Once they had received the visualization. Additional pres- GKD then tested the mesh filtration rates and thus offers
customer specifications, the sure differential estimates al- in intensive field trials to en- a long-awaited alternative to
experts at GKD’s Industri- lowed the project team to draw sure that it complied reliably sand filters in the water treat-
Screening and Filtration Segment al meshes business unit got important further conclusions with the specified filtration ment sector.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 37


Advanced Nano Oxidation Technology Process

for Petroleum Effluent
This is an introduction to the application of ANOT process (Advanced Nano
Oxidation Technology Process) for addressing/ reducing contaminants in the
effluent in petrochemical industries.
By Dr. Madan Iyengar

to various reasons like shock

loads, variation in inputs, etc.
the system fails. Hence, there
would be no proper treatment,
crisis management and ac-
countability, which is beyond
the plant operators control.
Primary Clarifier: With Strains of Oil
Unique Solution - After Oxidation
Emerging Process rainy seasons the oil from
In view of this, we introduce dumping sites leaches into
a unique and emerging pro- aquifer and contaminates
cess wherein we take the ox- groundwater mainly used for
idation route to oxidize most drinking - agriculture.
organic, inorganic and metal To address this problem,
contaminants, some un-oxi- we introduce advanced Nano
dizable contaminants precip- Oxidation Process by NOXX-
itate as sludge. ALL®.
Advantages are least elec- By merely diluting sludge in
tro-mechanical equipment, NOXXALL® treated water and
safe & easy operation, and adopting a simple process, we
environment-friendly process. can oxidize and reduce the
quantity by over 90%, leaving
Effluent Treatment a residue of unoxidized parti-
By merely dosing or inte- cles mainly Silica which could
grating NOXXALL® into the safely be discharged into land-
feed inflow (API - TPI) pipe of fills causing no harm.
the raw collection/ holding/ This process could be re-
equalization tank, NOXX-
ALL® mixes with the flow
velocity to react. The reaction
time required is just about 2
seconds to 6 minutes to oxi-
Equalization Tank: Treatment of 300 KL Per Hour On Line
dize most contaminants.
Within minutes, the odor
THIS IS AN INTRODUC- verse Osmosis. Sometimes, treater, high emulsified oil, would be under control by
TION to the application of they also adopt wet air oxida- high suspended solids, and over 90% (before filtration)
ANOT process (Advanced tion to reduce the hydrogen high-turbidity. just after dosing NOXXALL®.
Nano Oxidation Technology sulphide odor generated. Raw collection/ holding
Process) for addressing/ re- The retention time some- tanks have heavy floating oil Sludge Treatment
ducing contaminants in the times varies from 24 hours despite recovery and due to High sludge is generated
effluent in petrochemical in- to over 2 days. Treatment of constant exposure to sunlight from the post process of crude
dustries. caustic a bye product is also the sludge bulks creating for oil recovery. The dispos-
Most petrochemical indus- cumbersome and causes high problems for draining. Pipes al of sludge into landfills etc
tries treat effluent in methods odor. choke due to sedimentation. guzzles up vast areas of land
in series like Physio Chemical Conventional methods The entire treatment process and causes pollution. Trans-
> by Bio-treatment > Tertiary cannot render complete treat- as expressed is cumbersome portation is cumbersome;
Treatment > Micron Filtra- ment due to high temperature and time-consuming, despite incineration is expensive and
tion, Ultrafiltration, and Re- (over 65 deg) from heater a system being in place due causes air pollution. During Secondary Clarifier

38 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


ing silica.

Oil Spill Treatment

It is common for transfer
pipes to burst and oil gets
spilled on lands, sometimes
agriculture lands causing
Filter Feed Tank (Old Tank with
damage to crop and contam- could be installed occupying Here is one such result of tri-
Sediments) inates the entire stretch of least footprint area for treat- als:
land. This has collateral dam- ment process of effluent and
peated on site many times age like compensation - buy- sludge treatment, etc. o It is to be noted that no ul-
to reduce the accumulated ing up lands from farmers at tra/ membrane filters were
sludge load at sites. unreasonable prices. During Major Advantages used to obtain these results.
Adding 20% of sludge to rains, the oil spreads to further o S mall footprint o If micron, ultrafiltration is
areas causing further damage. Real Time 100 KLD Sugofil® Plant at o C ontrol of parameters installed in series the feed
By merely spraying NOXX- the Petro Major Site o Instant clarity with polish- for RO will improve and RO
ALL® mixed with water on ing will perform efficiently.
the oil spilled - spread areas ing time, health hazards, air o O xidation of emulsified oil o Treated water for sub-sur-
most of the oil either floating pollution etc. the cleaned tank o R eduction of suspended face discharge/ well injec-
or emulsified will get oxidized is quickly revived for storage solids tion, etc.
and remnant water evaporates requirements. o Improves clarity with least o Sludge Generated After Ox-
leaving the land area possibly turbidity idation <0.03%
dry. Process Vessel Cleaning o I mmediate H2S odor reduc- o Direct Liquid - incineration
Most process vessels ei- tion of sludge by addition of
Petroleum ther onshore or offshore re- o 0.02/ 0.03% sludge (dry NOXXALL®.
Storage Tanks quire periodical cleaning of condition) o Oxidizes over 90%.
Effluent storage tanks need sediments or inner walls to o Tanks and pipeline cleaned
to be cleaned of residue – without shut down Sugofil® ETP - Modular
sediments periodically to in- o Increases tank holding ca- Plug and Play Plants
crease the holding capacities. IN A NUTSHELL pacity Results of both inlets and
Conventionally these tanks Industry: Petroleum/ o Increases pipe capacity for NOXXALL® treated on Sugo-
are cleaned manually shov- Petrochemicals volume flow fil® plug and play modular
eling the sludge on to trucks Customer: A Petro o Most parameters to reuse/ treatment plant on site at a
either dumping to designate Major in India discharge norms petro-major in Khambhat in
landfill sites or to be inciner- Location: Mangalore, o H assle-free process Gujarat, this plant was in-
ated. Karnataka, and stalled in June 2017 based on
It would take a minimum Khambhat, Gujarat NOXXALL® treated water ANOT process. Here is one
of 3 months to clean one such Service Provider: Ozo
tank. Nano Sciences
These conventional process- Products/Technology
Raw and NOXXALL® Treated
es cause health hazards to hu- Involved: Advanced
Filtered Water (On Line Process 300
KL P/ H at a Petro Major in India) mans deployed for shoveling, Nano Oxidation
odor pollution during trans-
the NOXXALL® treated efflu- portation and land contami- (provided a complete treat- such result:
ent water and re-treat with nation. During rainy seasons increase the process and per- ment system is in place) could
ANOT process. As a result, oil in sludge in landfill leaches formance life of them. Due About the Author
it was possible to oxidize into the ground and contami- to high process temperature o Safely be discharged into
most of it and the residue in nates groundwater - aquifer. sediments get stuck solidified wells below ground
dry weight amounted to just In view of these drawbacks, in these vessels, sometimes o R eused for well-injection
0.03% to 0.05%, most of it be- we recommend the applica- requiring them to be replaced All in all, we find that ANOT
tion of NOXXALL® in these at high costs. During clean- process by NOXXALL® offers
collection tanks during clean- ing operations NOXXALL® huge advantages to petro-
ing operations. By merely dos- could be mixed with water – chemical industries in main-
ing NOXXALL® mixed with the vessel partially filled and tenance.
water into the tanks the bond allowed a retention time of
is broken and liquid-solid sep- a few hours or overnight for Raw and NOXXALL®
aration takes place. It would reaction. This would destabi- Treated
be easy to suck the semi-liquid lize the solidified sediment – Results of or both inlet and
on to trucks and dispose-off in break the bond and liquify the NOXXALL® treated on ex- Dr. Madan Iyengar is the
discharge wells. sediment, thereby by making isting treatment plant site at CEO at Ozo Nano Sciences,
The entire cleaning process it easy for it to be drained on a petro-major in Mangalore Bangalore. He specializes in
cuts the shut down time from to any container for safe dis- in Karnataka, wherein a two Advanced Nano Materials ap-
conventionally 3 months to a charge. week long online trials of 300 plication, has over 12 years
mere week. KL/hour were conducted to of experience, and has devel-
Sludge Generated after Oxidation Apart from cost savings, On-Off Shore Rigs demonstrate and establish oped Advanced Nano Oxida-
<0.03% least shut down during clean- Small treatment plants the benefits of ANOT process. tion technology process.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 39


Validation of Biological Models for Industrial

Wastewater Treatment
This case study puts light only on biological treatment strategy to degrade the
organic pollutants from wastewater to comply with local effluent discharge norms
and add value in optimizing the investment, operation consumables and foot-print.
By Dibyendu Goswami

Anaerobic model (UASB tank) does
not have good treatment result. During
operation, the first period (15-30 days)
brings good efficiency (60%-70%),
then sludge losses its activation and
floats because of microbial inhibitors
in wastewater and be clotted by colloi-
dal particles.
The results show that this model is
unstable and after 1 month of opera-
Anaerobic Sludge Destabilization
tion, stopped study because of being
The Solution
To assist in the selection of the cor- Anaerobic Sludge
rect technology, comprehensive pilot Destabilization
trials are conducted at the site to test
following biological models. MBBR + ASP Combined Model
The wastewater composite samples o MBBR Volume: V=10 liter
are collected from the concentrated o ASP Volume: V =20 liter
wastewater streams throughout the o Clarifier with inclined walls allows
day during different durations from circulating sludge. Perform activat-
ed sludge circulation from the clar-
On Site Pilot Model Test Experiment on Actual ifier to MBBR.
Wastewater o Carrier: Surface area: > 500 m2/m3
o Carrier Volume: 5 liters
WASTEWATER GENERATING o Blower System, dosing pumps, elec-
FROM variable CIP operation in pro- ological treatment strategy to degrade morning to evening to understand the trical cabinet
cess manufacturing of different house- the organic pollutants from wastewater peak, average, and minimum parame- o Cultured Sludge: 1 liter after 1
to comply with local effluent discharge ters. month of adaptation and upgrading
norms and add value in optimizing the From multiple sampling of wastewa- loading from various Kg COD/m3.
investment, operation consumables ter, we can note that the BOD/COD ra- day, system was operated and tested
and foot-print. tio and the soluble fraction looks very the parameters
interesting in terms of peak, average
The Challenge fluctuation to select the appropriate Measurement Results
Factory manufacturing operation treatment strategy applicable for this Following models are studied with
is facing an extreme challenge to sta- kind of effluent and it is obvious to test various kind of loading rate of both
bilize the process due to fluctuating the efficiency of biological system on organic carbon and carrier:
market demand of products and due to different lading condition. This study
Anaerobic Sludge Destabilization change of various recipes every week, focuses only on a proper selection of o Volume load: 3.2-3.5 kg COD/m3
producing a lot of wastewater with the biological system. tank
hold care products like fabric cleaner, significant variation of both hydraulic o Carrier load: 48 kg COD/m3 carrier
detergents, dish wash, laundry soap and wastewater load. Lab Test Methodology o Volume load: 4 kg COD/m3 tank
has a significant variation of organic The challenge here is to fix the de- o Carrier load: 60 kg COD/m3 carrier
carbonaceous contaminants with re- sign basis of wastewater treatment UASB Anaerobic Model
spect to soluble and insoluble fraction plant as well as to understand the cor- o Volume of UASB Column: V = 10 Stand Alone MBBR Model
of bio-degradable and non-bio degrad- rect Biological model which will treat liter Conduct treatment efficiency re-
able BOD and COD. most efficiently the soluble bio-de- o C
 olumn Height: H = 2m search on single MBBR model re-
This case study puts light only on bi- gradable BOD and COD. o C
 ultured Sludge: 4 liter moved Aeration from the system.

40 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Target is to design such a system to panies like Ion Exchange, and M.N.
achieve the most competitive space Dastur in India. He works as an inter-
as well as the investment and opera- national water and wastewater process
tion of a simple plant. To do this, the expert for projects in Water Treatment
thought process is driven to test single Plant (WTP), Sewage Treatment Plant
stage MBBR model and its efficiency (STP) and Effluent Treatment Plant
to achieve the performance as well as (ETP). He has executed more than
mitigate the constraint of space and 20 projects in ETP and 50 projects in
investment. WTP and has experience in execution
Comparing a single MBBR model vs. of advance technologies like MBBR for
combined MBBR and ASP, if using a more than 10 projects globally. He has
single MBBR tank, the biological treat- provided wastewater treatment solu-
ment efficiency can be reached up-to tion to Food & Beverage, Steel, Textile,
about 78%-80% with higher inlet COD Chemical, Oil Refineries, Petrochem-
from 18000 mg/l-28000 mg/l. icals, Automobile, Sugar Industries,
COD Removal Efficiency of Combined MBBR and Aeration Tank (ASP) - 3.2-3.5 kg COD/m3 and CETPs. He is currently working
Aerobic Tank
Review and Proposal with Unilever Global Engineering Or-
o V olume load: 4.5 kg COD/m3 tank and COD removal efficiency reaches Based on the model operation re- ganisation for last 5 years and man-
o Carrier load: 67.5 kg COD/m3 carrier the highest stable value of 86-87%. sults, it should be optimized invest- aging design, engineering and project
Model operation results show that ment cost and operation cost to pro-
pose an appropriate design.
For the system to reach the standard
and be stable, it should be designed
with the following elements:
o Ensure stable input COD for coag-
ulation system operation stably and Factory
efficient and steady load to biologi- manufacturing
cal system. operation is facing
o Make sure that the temperature of
input wastewater does not exceed extreme challenge
35degC before entering the coagula- to stabilize the
tion system.
o Both MBBR +ASP and Single Stage
process due
MBBR will drive the most competi- to fluctuating
tive performance in terms of meet- market demand of
ing effluent discharge norms.
products and due to
About the Author change of various
Combined MBBR and Aeration Tank (ASP) - 4.0 kg COD/m3 of Aerobic Tank recipes every
week, producing
Performance Result Summary the load of this system can reach up- lot of wastewater
Model operation results show that to maximum 4.0 kg COD/m3 tank day with significant
the load of the system with a combi- corresponding to carrier load of 60.0
nation of MBBR and ASP reaches 3.2- kg COD/m3 carrier with the same mod- variation of both
3.5 kg COD/, with this load, the el to achieve COD removal efficiency hydraulic and
system can receive input wastewater reaches the highest stable value of 80-
composed 15000-25000 mg COD/l 82%.
wastewater load.

execution of water and wastewater


Dibyendu Goswami is a water &

wastewater expert with 11 years of
domestic and international water and
wastewater experience in leadership IN A NUTSHELL
management, technology & proposals, Industry: Factory
design & engineering, business devel- Manufacturing
opment, client interaction, network- Customer: Various
ing, strategy and budgeting in China, Location: India
Russia, South East Asia, South Africa, Service Provider: Unilever
Middle East, Latin America, and South Global Engineering
Asia on multiple projects. He received Organisation
his M.Tech from NIT Durgapur in Products/Technology
Chemical Engineering. He has worked Involved: Biological
COD Removal Efficiency after MBBR Only Wastewater Treatment
for leading water & wastewater com-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 41


Taming Tailings in Mines

Mine tailings are the ore waste from mining operations mixed with process water.
These can be toxic and so need to be kept isolated from the environment. However,
they can also contain valuable minerals that, if extracted, can become a revenue

Mine tailings are, potential- in the form of a slurry con- local environment, and breach- the valuable elements from the a protection against the abra-
ly, the most environmentally taining fine mineral particles, es that cause serious environ- tailings for sale. sive nature of the feed thereby
hazardous part of any mining have been contained in large, mental damage, although rare, GEA uses decanter centri- achieving a maximum ma-
operation. man-made lakes that allow do happen. Wildlife too often fuges to dewater the slurry, chine availability.
Here, GEA looks at an estab- the solids to settle out and the mistakes the ponds for safe return the cleaned water to the Anionic flocculants are add-
lished and growing technology cleaned water to be skimmed habitats. process and produce a dry cake ed to the process to help ag-
that can significantly reduce off the surface. Together these provide a for easy disposal or reprocess- glomerate fine particles so that
the impact of tailings on the However, this process is less major challenge to operators ing. they drop out of solution.
environment and help to min- than ideal. Settling takes a very who strive to limit the effect In the past the capacity of Solid matter, at approxi-
imize water usage. long time so tailings ponds can of their operations as much as decanters was insufficient for mately 80% dry solids, is then
Mine tailings are the ore become very large. possible. the technology to be viable, discharged onto a conveyor
waste from mining operations When in contact with air and In recent years, however, however more recently, ad- with the clean water being re-
mixed with process water. water the waste material can GEA has provided a much vancements in decanter design turned to the process.
These can be toxic and so generate acid mine drainage more environmentally accept- have created machines that Mines are under continual
need to be kept isolated from (AMD) or acid rock drainage able method of handling tail- can handle up to 100 tonnes pressure to reduce their reli-
the environment. (ARD) that pollutes the envi- ings by separating the process of slurry an hour making them ance on tailings dams.
However, they can also con- ronment. water from the fine particles, much more practical. There were at least two ma-
tain valuable minerals that, if Ponds frequently use the thereby reducing or eliminat- The decanter rotates at appli- jor breaches of dams in 2015,
extracted, can become a reve- natural topography and are ing the need to store the slurry. cation based centrifugal forces 2016 and 2017 with four in
nue source. retained by large dams which The process also provides to dewater the tailings. 2014.
Traditionally, mine tailings, has a dramatic effect on the the opportunity of extracting The machine is lined with In February 2018, there was

42 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


The Breaches of Dams

Mines are under continual
pressure to reduce their reli-
ance on tailings dams. There
were at least two major
breaches of dams in 2015,
2016 and 2017 with four
in 2014. In February 2018,
there was a major breach
at a bauxite mine in Brazil
following heavy rain. The
use of decanter technology
helps reduce the reliance on
tailings dams and creates a
potentially valuable revenue
stream from the recovered
minerals, it also demon-
strates responsible envi-
ronmental stewardship to
the relevant authorities that
could make the difference
between receiving or being
refused a licence to operate.

tent in the suspension to be

processed is particularly high.
These machines provide the
benefits of high clarifying effi-
ciency and maximum dewater-
a major breach at a bauxite In recent years, the capac- ing as well as the separation of
mine in Brazil following heavy ities of decanters have made liquids with the simultaneous
rain. The use of decanter tech- the technology appropriate removal of solids. Clarifying decanters are in 2017.
nology not only helps reduce and effective for use in mining The main requirements in used to separate solids out of a The international technol-
the reliance on tailings dams operations. this respect include a high suspension to obtain a virtual- ogy group focuses on process
and creates a potentially valu- With additional high-speed bowl speed, a powerful drive ly solids-free, clarified liquid. technology, components and
able revenue stream from the centrifugal treatment, it is now for the scroll and a scroll speed Dewatering decanters en- sustainable energy solutions
recovered minerals but it also possible to reuse up to 90% of which automatically adapts to sure maximum concentration for sophisticated production
demonstrates responsible en- process water and retain valu- the solids loading in the feed. of the solids to get them as dry processes in various end-user
vironmental stewardship to the able elements - such as gold, Due to its versatility and as possible. Separating decant- markets.
relevant authorities that could silver, copper, lead, and zinc the technological know-how ers separate two chemically im- The group generates around
make the difference between - that can be sold to generate of GEA, the decanter can be miscible liquids with simulta- 70 percent of its revenue in the
receiving or being refused a li- extra revenue. used for a wide range of pro- neous separation of the solids. food and beverages sector that
cense to operate. cess tasks; from clarification Classifying decanters split enjoys long-term sustainable
Decanter technology is well The Decanter Centrifuges through separation, classifica- the solids mixture of the sus- growth. As of December 31,
established for dewatering a The decanter’s hour has tion, concentration and wash- pension into a fine (small par- 2017, the company employed
wide range of sludge materials. come as soon as the solids con- ing right up to extraction. ticles) and a coarse (large parti- almost 18,000 people world-
cles) fraction. wide.
Extraction decanters mix a GEA is a market and technol-
liquid containing a solid or ex- ogy leader in its business areas.
tract with a liquid agent which The company is listed on the
contains the solids or liquid af- German MDAX (G1A, WKN
ter mixing. 660 200).
Finally, there is the possibil- In addition, GEA’s stock is
ity of integrating a co-current, included in the MSCI Global
counter-current or dilution Sustainability Indexes.
washing system in the decant-
er for washing the suspended IN A NUTSHELL
solids. Industry: Mining & Mineral
GEA is one of the largest Industry
suppliers for the food process- Customer: Mines
ing industry and a wide range Service Provider: GEA
of other industries that gener- Products/Technology In-
ated consolidated revenues of volved: Decanter Centrifuges
approximately EUR 4.6 billion

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 43


PE Piping Solutions for Harnessing

Geothermal Energy
HDPE and PERT pipes, used for heat collection, are playing a key role in various types
of installations.
By Chanchal Dasgupta and Prashant Nikhade

arators where they are sepa-

rated and the steam piped to
the power station. The brine
is returned to the reservoir
through re-injection wells to
help maintain pressure and
prolong the plant’s productive
life. The steam passes through
the turbine generating elec-
tricity and is then condensed
and pumped to a cooling tow-
er. The hot condensate is air
cooled in the cooling tower
and some of the cooled water
is recycled to the condenser to
condense the steam. Excess
condensate is returned to the
reservoir through condensate
injection wells.
Each plant, therefore, com-
prises several kilometers of
piping carrying the different
fluids including brine, which
is extremely corrosive for the
steel pipes. To try and over-
come their corrosion prob-
lems the engineers were car-
rying out a trial using PE100
pipe alongside the existing
steel system. The 400mm di-
ameter SDR 11 PE100 pipe
The Wayang Windu Plant in Indonesia
had been produced by local
customer Indopipe using Bor-
POLYETHYLENE (PE) increasingly credible alter- tance, flexibility, and abrasion south of Bandung in West Java, Safe™ HE3490-LS PE100 com-
PIPES are the materials of native to traditional heating resistance. Borsafe MDPE and Indonesia. A second 117MW pound and was being used to
choice of many end-user in- solutions. Plastic pipes used PE100 pipes have been used unit was added in 2009 and a transport condensate at 3–5
dustries. Borouge’s BorsafeTM for heat collection are playing for several Geothermal proj- third 127MW unit is expected bars and temperatures of up
solutions, which are produced a key role in various types of ects in New Zealand and In- to be operational by the end to 50°C.
using a patented bimodal installations. However, the donesia successfully. of this year. The plants are all A team from Borouge re-
technology platform, have an right choice of high-perfor- managed under a joint opera- cently visited the site to see
excellent balance of process- mance HDPE and PERT ma- PE100 Pipes Solved tion contract between Star En- how the trial was progressing
ing, stress crack resistant and terials that fulfill the tough Corrosion Problems in ergy and the Indonesian State and to discuss further op-
mechanical properties. installation and operating Indonesia’s Geothermal oil and natural gas mining portunities for PE pipelines.
requirements need to ensure Power Plants company, Pertamina. Heat en- After seeing that many of the
PE Pipes for durability and long-term per- The first geothermal plant ergy from the earth is extract- pipelines ran through a tea
Geothermal Energy formance of the systems. The in Indonesia at Wayang Win- ed in the form of geothermal plantation where they could
Geothermal energy is wide- key requirements of the appli- du was constructed in 1999 fluids from reservoirs deep be damaged by the farm work-
ly recognized as an environ- cation are long-term pressure by Star Energy to generate under the ground through ers, Application Marketing
ment-friendly, cost-effective resistance, thermal resistance, 110MW of electricity using several production wells. This Manager Andy Wedgner out-
and virtually in exhaustive corrosion and encrustation the natural hot fluids from the mixture of steam and brine is lined the potential advantages
heat resource, as well as an free, slow crack growth resis- earth at a site located 40km delivered to the cyclonic sep- of using a High-Stress Crack

44 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


the country’s environmental dark environment which The bioreactor was officially
strategy. A leading example is would be the ideal conditions opened on September 18th,
Contact Energy’s geothermal for the bacteria to grow. 2012 and has a design lifespan
plant at Wairakei which was Using the normal PE100 of 20 years. Contact Energy
commissioned as long ago as pipes in the form of long coils was extremely impressed with
1958 and uses steam drawn or straight lengths present- the efficiency of the bioreactor
from the local underground ed their own logistics and which removes around 80 per-
geothermal system to drive ten installation difficulties and cent of the hydrogen sulphide
large turbines to generate over therefore an alternative solu- from the water, which is 10
150 MW of electricity. Due to tion was sought. The logical percent more than is required
the technology available when solution was to extrude the in the power station’s resource
it was built, the plant uses complete 100m lengths on consent.
water from the Waikato River site and family-owned and
for cooling purposes, which run RD Manufacturing came Concluding Remarks
allows natural elements in the up with the concept for a mo- The outstanding proper-
geothermal steam, such as hy- bile pipe extrusion plant. “It ties of Polyolefin pipes, long,
drogen sulphide (H2S), to mix was an obvious solution for maintenance-free service life,
with the plant’s cooling water us. There would be no freight wide range of diameters and
which is then returned to the component, no joints and all availability across the region
river. production could be done have made them very popu-
As part of the Wairakei ‘just in time’ according to the lar for industrial applications.
plant’s re-consenting pro- installation schedule,” says RD The environmental impact
cess in 2000, Contact Energy Manufacturing Managing Di- of different materials further
commissioned a range of sci- rector Neil van Duyn. supports the use of PE pipes
entific studies into environ- Construction began with for Industrial applications
mental effects, which found a large tent which would like Geothermal Energy as a
that H2S had negative effects hold 20 tonnes of material sustainable material. Last but
in an aquatic environment and the drying and loading not least is the quality of the
Wayang Windu Geothermal Map and it was likely to have an raw material to be used in the
impact on the ecosystem of production of pipes. A mate-
Resistant (HSCR) PE 100 peratures and pressures. the Waikato River and near- rial which conforms to latest
Industry: Energy,
compound such as BorSafe™ The site engineers wel- by lakes. With these findings, ISO standards must be used
Geothermal Plant
HE3490-LS-H. External dam- comed the discussion which Contact Energy worked with as a minimum. Many a time
Customer: Star Energy,
age could develop into cracks clearly showed them that the Waikato Regional Council the quality of infrastructure
and Contact Energy
which gradually made their HSCR PE100 pipes could pro- to reduce the environmental remains perpetually weak due
Locations: Wayang
way through the pipe wall, vide answers to many of their impact of geothermal power to a weak local standard.
Windu, Indonesia, and
eventually leading to a brittle corrosion problems and keep activities. The company then
Wairakei, New Zealand
failure of the pipe. However, the plant running for many invested US$25.2 million
Service Provider: Borouge
About the Authors
HSCR PE100 materials have years to come. on addressing this potential
a much higher resistance to problem and called on the in-
Involved: PE100 Pipes
slow crack growth thus giving 400 Kms of PE100 genuity of a number of local
engineers greater confidence Pipes in Contact New Zealand companies to
when considering the use of Energy’s Geothermal assist them. equipment. Attached to this
PE pipes in the most challeng- Plant at Wairakei Uses The proposed solution was were three 40-foot contain-
ing environments. Andy also Reduced Environmental to build a giant bioreactor the ers arranged in single file to
explained how these same ma- Footprint size of a football field made of create a long corridor hous-
terials were being used in the New Zealand is well known 378 km of underground pipe- ing the extrusion equipment
Oil and Gas Industry in the for its clean green image, and work which would be capable required to make the pipes.
Middle East to line steel pipes producing renewable energy of handling 13,000 liters of Inside this facility, the pipes
operating at much higher tem- is one of the main strands of used cooling water every sec- could be extruded at a rate of Chanchal Dasgupta is Ap-
ond. The bioreactor facility 10 meters per minute onto a plication Marketing Manager
provides a unique environ- timber stacking table, which at Borouge (India) Pvt Ltd.
ment in which sulphur-oxidiz- held enough pipes to ensure Prashant Nikhade is Sr.
ing bacteria, growing natural- that RD Manufacturing were Application Development En-
ly in the river, line the walls always five days ahead of in- gineer - Infrastructure at Bor-
of the pipes. These bacteria stallation. ouge India Pvt. Ltd.
will then remove the hydro- “We transferred our knowl-
gen sulphide from the cooling edge of making pipe in-house
water before it is returned to to making it on-site. And with
the river. Contact Energy en- high line speeds, tight toler-
gineers set to work, drawing ances and a strict testing re-
up a design with pipes that gime, Borouge’s HE3490LS
were 110mm in diameter and PE100 was the only option
100m long, with a total length for us”, says Ian van Duyn, RD
Some of the Many Kilometers of Pipe at the Plants Including the New PE100 of 378km. The PE100 black Manufacturing’s Production
Pipe Installation pipes would create a smooth Manager.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 45


Manufacturing Plant Inspired by a Chinese

Inspired by a Chinese water garden, the site ‘designed in’ sustainability
accomplished several firsts within P&G including the first LEED Gold certified
administrative building and lowest water discharge within the P&G beauty care
By Jacques Euler

The Surrounding Water Garden that Inspired the Sustainable Design of the Taicang Plant in China.

The Issue including: first LEED Gold very demanding incoming to overall wastewater dis- success criteria, to enable flex-
In 2010, Procter & Gamble certified administrative build- water and wastewater permit charge and Chemical Oxygen ible operations while meeting
saw the opportunity to build ing, first site to utilize 100% requirements. In addition, Demand (COD) so increasing the corporate water reduction
its most sustainable manufac- renewable wind electricity, retailer/consumer demands changeovers would send the goal. They also validated the
turing facility at that time. The lowest water discharge within were requiring a more flexible site in the wrong direction. potential of water reuse in
opportunity came in the form the P&G Beauty Care Busi- supply chain including small- With these three things in utilities and production in an
of a new Beauty Care - Hair ness, and the first P&G site in er packages and shorter lead mind, the site decided to fo- effort to ensure reapplication
Care (Head & Shoulders, Pan- China to qualify as sending times that would require addi- cus on reducing, or where pos- at other sites.
tene, Rejoice, Vidal Sassoon) zero manufacturing waste to tional changeovers and more sible, completely eliminating There were several challeng-
production site in Taicang, landfill. frequent cleaning of the mak- the impact of C&S on water es that presented themselves
close to Shanghai, China. In- From the beginning, water ing and packing equipment. input and output. during the development of
spired by a Chinese water was one of the key challeng- Within a typical Hair Care As a first step, the team as- this project. It was difficult to
garden, the site ‘designed in’ es that the site needed to ad- manufacturing site, Cleaning sessed the minimum water develop a sustainability scope
sustainability accomplish- dress. The facility is located and Sanitization (C&S) activi- requirements for C&S to meet in parallel to the core process
ing several firsts within P&G, in a water-stressed area with ties are the main contributors the Quality Assurance (QA) development. Ensuring ade-

46 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


zation. From day one, sustain- from a cost standpoint. The sion/business case along
ability was always part of site’s core process work was justi- with clear leadership sup-
equity, being referred to as “a fied on a cost savings basis port. Understanding the
factory inspired by a garden.” and the C&S water treat- local water basin and how
We used experienced vendors ment was justified based on P&G could develop a sus-
to help us achieve our goals. compliance to local permit tainable manufacturing site
requirements. for the long-term was part
The Business Case o A valuation study was done of the success criteria for
It was essential for the site by the Beauty Care sustain- the overall site
to not only comply with the ability group leading to a o Importance of an integrated
strict legal requirements but proposal at the beginning approach with the project
to also ensure the longevity of of the project that included team to accomplish the ob-
operations in a water-stressed the overall cost estimates jectives and address issues
area. The team wanted to de- and success criteria. The (multi-functional team
velop a best in class approach cost of water at the various - R&D, Engineering, QA,
to be good water stewards, ef- stages of the process, from Manufacturing, etc.)
fectively operate within strin- buying water to wastewater o Essential to start with sus-
The Surrounding Water Garden that Inspired the Sustainable Design of the
Taicang Plant in China.
gent permit requirements, and treatment was calculated tainability as a core aspect
exceed P&G sustainability and used in the financial of the design and not wait
quate water reuse with a new project, the first step was to and water reduction targets. justification for the project. until the end to add it onto
team and local chemicals was reduce the quantity of water While doing so, the project o The equipment enabling wa- the criteria - otherwise it is
also an issue, as well as the used at the site. To do this, the also delivered savings, mainly ter reuse was considered as not affordable (design in
increase in treatment costs as core process was designed to from the reduction on: development work to assess sustainability from the be-
the water became more con- be easier to clean (eg. flange o C ost of purified water, the potential to reuse water ginning)
centrated. Having firm go/ to flange concept) and a new o Cost of heating water & pur- in utilities and reduce the o The detailed water map was
no-go success criteria helped medium (steam) was used to chasing steam dependence on discharge integral to driving the right
define the business need and decrease the amount of water o Cost of cleaning and saniti- volumes. This was neces- decision and design
these issues were addressed needed to clean and sanitize. zation water treatment, sary due to the strict code o Based on our learnings

by the stakeholders involved Developing an effective way o Cost of concentrated water in place due to the site’s from this initial pilot site,
in the project and fixed within to reuse the water was the disposal (via trucks) proximity to Lake Tai. The on the next project the
the first year. The engineering next step and to do this a pro- cost of the reuse equipment wastewater plant will be
team optimized the process cess for treating and reusing Decision Making was more affordable thanks designed directly for wa-
and developed a new model the water versus discharging Process to the overall C&S water vol- ter reuse versus adding
for the site’s wastewater plant, it was designed, generating an One key lesson from this ume reduction. post-treatment. In this way,
while the Quality and Health, extra flow of reusable water, project is the benefit of fully o Information about the local the process could be im-
Safety & Environment (HS&E) and reducing accordingly the integrating sustainability tar- community and status of proved even further
teams ensured no compro- city water intake. gets into the design right from water availability in the area
mise for their respective pro- The specific solutions were the start. Clear conservation were shared with leadership Future
gram. The Vice President of to treat washwater by Dis- targets for the overall design and considered while devel- Implementation
manufacturing was also a key solved Air Flotation (DAF), in allowed R&D, Engineering, oping the project objectives. and Next Steps
advocate in the process. biological tanks, by filtration, and Manufacturing to ‘design The C&S and water filtra-
and by reverse osmosis (RO) in’ sustainability as part of Project Results tion/reuse processes devel-
Objective and filtration. The wastewater the go/no-go success criteria. Today, the site is the com- oped at this site are now being
Project Overview RO permeate was then sent Changes could be made not pany benchmark for water benchmarked and reapplied
The goal of the project was directly to utilities (mainly only within the facility but reuse, and beneficially reuses for Beauty Care process op-
to demonstrate how to create cooling towers) and core pro- also within the equipment/ most of the C&S water. This timization. The site is imple-
the most sustainable site with- cess, while the wastewater RO process design which made was achieved first by optimi- menting additional measures
in P&G. From the beginning, concentrate went into a me- it more economically afford- zation of C&S in the core pro- to reach 95% water reuse by
sustainability was at the core chanical vapor recompression able (versus trying to add a cess, and the reuse of 60% of end 2017.
of the initiative and the design evaporator to create conden- sustainability dimension to the treated water back into the Credit: This case study is
was inspired by the design of sate that was then used to run an already designed unit). cooling towers, and 12% into part of the WBCSD Business
a traditional Chinese Garden, on-site utility systems. A stor- However, this requires many the core process while main- Guide to Circular Water Man-
which has all the elements of age tank balances the water iterations, as there are often taining the quality and safety agement (2017).
a harmonious existence with streams. In order to ensure the pieces of information that are requirements to allow for a
nature, including a strong water sent to the core process missing until we reached the very flexible operation. Versus
emphasis on water systems. is at parity with the incom- final scope. Therefore, ensur- a baseline from similar sites, IN A NUTSHELL
A key objective was to meet ing city water, the site used ing adequate cross-functional this facility uses 40,000 m3/ Industry: Consumer
the legal requirements to re- active carbon filters and chlo- support (including sustain- year less water through core Goods/ Beauty
use the wastewater generated rine addition. The percentage ability) on decision making process optimization and an Company: Procter
during C&S activities. Very reached for this flow is around is critical at each step of the additional 20,000 m3/year re- & Gamble (P&G)
importantly, a detailed water 12%, with a qualification in project, from pre-feasibility to duction through reuse. Location: China
map was developed and up- place to reach 25%. start-up. Products/Technology
dated for the site to monitor The project was managed Lessons Learned Involved: Water
the direction of the project de- by local project team in Chi- Project Details Some key lessons learned Reuse, Wastewater
velopment and design. na and supported by Global & Finances have been: Treatment, Filtration
As with any sustainability Beauty Sustainability Organi- o The project was optimized o Importance of a strong vi-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 47


Improving Regulatory Compliance While Reducing

Hydrocarbon Waste at a Petrochemical Plant
This solution of either naphtha or pyrolysis
provides early gasoline is equal to losing feed
to the process and becoming a
detection of loss of production.

hydrocarbon The Solution

The solution
from Emerson
leak during Due to the difference in the
conductivity of naphtha and frees up
water draining water, it is possible to use a con-
from the tank.
ductivity analyzer to monitor
hydrocarbon leakage during from labor-
tank draining. intensive manual
By Emerson The conductivity of mixing
drain control
water and naphtha or pyrolysis
Automation gasoline is very low microS/ and provide
Solutions cm. Typically water conduc- significant
PG Storage Tank tivity is around 650-1,000 uS/
cm. When there is a leakage of
savings by
The Application ed to make various consumer time to prevent it from flow- naphtha, the conductivity level preventing from
Removal of water from hy- products. ing into the process. During will go down to 100 to 500 uS/ losing feedstock.
drocarbon products in storage water draining, it is necessary cm. Using this as a set point, the
tanks. The Challenge to monitor any hydrocarbon data control system at Hanwha
- Kim Ji-Min,
Hanwha Total Petrochemical leakage so as to prevent oil loss, will automatically close the Manager, Engineering
The Customer has 20 naphtha and Pyrolysis leakage of naphtha into the valve downstream of the con- Team, Hanwha-
Hanwha Total Petrochemi- gasoline storage tanks in their drain sump located at the tank ductivity measurement point.
cal Co. Ltd., headquartered in Daesan plant. During the pro- area, and eliminate additional Hanwha implemented Em- Total Petrochemical
Seoul, South Korea, is a joint cess of storing naphtha in the treatment work needed to re- erson’s Rosemount™ 1066 Sin- Co. Ltd.
venture between Hanwha and tanks, water collects and accu- move hydrocarbons from the gle Channel Transmitter and
Total S.A. The company manu- mulates at the bottom of the drained water. 402 Retractable Contacting point, the Emerson solution
factures building block chemi- tanks due to its specific gravity. Traditionally, the company Conductivity Sensor with re- saves the operator time and re-
cals that go into the making of The water at the tank bottom assigned an operator to perform tractable ball valve mounting duces the loss of feedstock than
a host of other chemicals need- will need to be drained over tank draining on a quarterly assembly. This combination of it does with a visual inspection.
basis. In the draining process, sensor and analyzer provides The Rosemount 402 Sensor
the water is pumped through a
drain pipe. If the operator sees
the oil start to flow through site IN A NUTSHELL
glass of the pipe, he will quick- Industry: Petrochemical
ly inform the control room to Customer: Hanwha-Total Petrochemical Co. Ltd.
close the drain valve. This is a Location: Seoul, South Korea
very tedious task for the opera- Service Provider: Emerson Automation Solutions
tor as tank draining is a lengthy Products/Technology Involved: Rosemount 1066 Single Chan-
process of approximately 2-3 nel Transmitters, Rosemount 402 Retractable Contacting Con-
hours, that may require the ductivity Sensors
operator’s presence during
the entire operation. Also, the
point at which oil, and not wa- early detection of hydrocar- with retractable mounting as-
ter, commences to drain is not bon leak during water draining sembly helps Hanwha avoid
easily determined. Hence, there from the tank. Moving from any leak of the process from
is a danger where a water drain manual control to automated drain pipe when they conduct
valve is closed too late resulting control with proper control set sensor maintenance.
in the hydrocarbons flowing
into the sumps. This will in- RESULTS
crease the load to downstream • Online interlock system eliminates manual tank draining.
water treatment facility and • Better real-time control versus labor intensive mobile phone
increase water treatment cost control.
to be certain that before the • Eliminate additional treatment of wastewater.
effluent is discharged it com- • Ensures environmental regulation compliance.
Hydrocarbon Leak Detection Handled by Reliable Rosemount 1066 Transmit- plies with environmental reg- • Traps in bypass reduced to less than 4%.
ter and 402 Conductivity Sensor ulations. In addition, leakage

48 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Tampa Electric Polk Power Plant Uses Online Total Organic

Carbon (TOC) to Protect Reverse Osmosis Membranes
The high organic loading has caused detrimental reverse osmosis (RO) fouling
making it difficult to determine proper pre-treatment to the RO.

verse Osmosis (RO) fouling what caused those changes,

making it difficult to deter- and how to immediately react
mine proper pre-treatment to with process improvements.
the RO. The RO system acts Online TOC data was add-
as primary demineralization ed with a Sievers M9 On-Line
before the water is sent to TOC Analyzer to characterize
The plant recently
decarbonators and final de- and evaluate the efficiency added Total
mineralizer beds. The effluent of a pre-treatment pilot con- Organic Carbon
of the demineralization sys- sisting of ultrafiltration (UF)
tem is then pumped to con- membranes, ferric coagu- (TOC) monitoring
densate storage takes as the lation, and chlorine ahead in the lab to
make-up to the plant’s steam of the RO. The online TOC better understand
and condensate system. Any Analyzer coupled with other
impurities or contaminants online instrumentation like organic loading.
that reach these systems can turbidity and conductivity is Intermittent grab
damage power production implemented to improve how samples indicated
and plant assets like turbines. the plant operates.
The challenging raw and During the trial of the TOC that minimizing
process water also make it Analyzer, the online analy- and pre-treating
difficult to obtain continuous sis was conducted at various
online measurements with- points through the pilot and the organics would
out instruments fouling or across the plant including raw be key to prevent
plugging. The plant needs in- water during both dry and wet RO fouling.
strumentation on site that is periods, coagulated water, and
reliable with minimal mainte- water with various levels of
The Sievers M9 On-Line TOC Analyzer
nance and downtime. conductivity. Several observa- ate filtration and membrane
tions during the trial justified treatment to reject these or-
Introduction accompanied by operational The Solution and verified the use of online ganics and prevent fouling.
Tampa Electric Co.’s Polk challenges which intensify at The plant recently added TOC data as necessary to con-
Power Station in Mulberry, FL large scale making it difficult Total Organic Carbon (TOC) trol and optimize the plant’s Conclusion
was commissioned in 1996 to maintain efficiencies and monitoring in the lab to better water treatment processes. Online TOC data provides
with clean and highly effi- further lower the operation understand organic loading. The main observation was the needed data to make deci-
cient integrated coal gasifica- costs. Intermittent grab samples that there were times of big sions about chemical dosing,
tion combined cycle (IGCC). indicated that minimizing swings in organics sometimes UF cleaning and ensuring
With continued expansion The Challenge and pre-treating the organics day to day and sometimes RO protection. The M9 On-
and process optimization ef- With most operational ef- would be key to prevent RO throughout the day. This im- Line Analyzer offers maximal
forts, gross power production forts focusing on fuel and effi- fouling. Monitoring organics mediate (data every 2-min) uptime with minimal main-
increased approximately 3 cient use of that fuel, often the provides additional process result can help operators tenance proving it to be a re-
times the initial amount (serv- water and steam side of the knowledge and better identi- make real-time adjustments liable and consistent tool to
ing nearly 100,000 homes). To process is overlooked. TECO’s fies the source of contamina- and troubleshoot what causes make process decisions.
meet plant demands, on-site zero process water discharge tion over traditional measure- higher or lower loading. Ad-
water treatment reaches 5,000- goal and the use of reclaimed ments like Total Suspended ditionally, there were times of
6,000 gal/min. In addition to city water makes on-site water Solids (TSS), turbidity, con- relatively flat or stable read- IN A NUTSHELL
clean power production with treatment challenging. The ductivity, and particle counts. ings where treatment could Industry: Power Station
low NOx, SO2, and particulate 17-mile-long, winding res- Unfortunately, periodic lab be turned down or held stable. Customer: Tampa
emissions, the plant discharg- ervoir serving the plant has data made it difficult to cor- The TOC results throughout Electric Co.
es zero process water and uses difficult to treat organics and relate changes in the loading the trial indicated high load- Location: Mulberry, FL, USA
reclaimed wastewater from temperature swings that cause to pre-treatment or source ing of natural organic matter Service Provider: SUEZ
the city of Lakeland for cool- biological growth, slime, and fluctuations. Online monitor- and organic acids. Targeting Products/Technology
ing water as opposed to it be- bio-fouling. ing provides real-time organic TOC removal above just TSS Involved: Online
ing discharged. However, pro- The high organic loading profiling to better understand or particle removal will help TOC Analyzers
cess improvements are often has caused detrimental Re- how the loading changes, the plant determine appropri-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 49


Mobile ETP System to Modify or Replace

Installed ETPs in Factories
A large multinational health foods and nutrition manufacturer had its Effluent
Treatment Plant (ETP) come up for a major modification involving new civil and
mechanical re-construction including replacement of many components to ensure
compliance with the new PCB discharge norms.
By Waterneer Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.

treatment to perform. Post

The Solution the deployment client is now
After evaluating various fine-tuning their process based
solutions, the Client selected on the experience gained
Waterneer to perform the role during Waterneer deployment.
of Mobile, fast deployable Waterneer Mobile Solutions
solution package to move in are cost-effective and compact
and start treating the wastewa- containerized machines for
quick and effective process-
ing of any kind of wastewater.
The treatment options include
physio-chemical, biological,
UV-treatment, ozonation sys-
Waterneer Mobile tems, and electro-coagulation/
Solutions are
cost-effective was finished, Waterneer was
The Challenge tion time was three months. and compact fed the wastewater from an-
Located in the North of Without the option of stop- other stream which was next
India, a large multinational ping production operations, containerized in line for repairs and modifi-
health foods and nutrition they sought Waterneer Mo- machines for quick cation. Within the stipulated
manufacturer had its Effluent bile ETP for a defined period and effective time frames Waterneer was
Treatment Plant (ETP) come of three months to stand in able to allow the client to carry
up for a major modification in- and take their partial effluent processing of any out their modification/ annual
volving new civil and mechan- treatment load while they em- kind of wastewater. maintenance and equipment
ical re-construction including barked on the modification replacement tasks as per plan
replacement of many compo- and reconstruction plan.
The treatment without stopping operations
nents to ensure compliance The standby arrangement options include for a single day.
with the new PCB discharge had to be quick and fit in with physio-chemical, The deployment was for a
norms. their existing water flow pro- three-shift operation and Wa-
The total project resurrec- cess. biological, UV- terneer provided its Mobile
treatment, ETP containerized equipment,
ozonation systems, three shift manpower, consum-
ables all for a fixed monthly
and electro- charge.
electro-oxidation. The Benefits
Waterneer Mobile ETP solu- IN A NUTSHELL
tion had all chemical dosing Industry: Food & Beverages
ter from various tank locations options as were required each Customer: Health Foods
and yet not disturbing their time the effluent water char- and Nutrition Manufacturer
incoming flows. acteristics changed. Waterneer Location: North India
The solution was able to has years of experience with Service Provider: Waterneer
relieve the existing ETP to deep knowledge of a variety of Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.
enough an extent that mod- pollutants in wastewater and Products/Technology
ification work started imme- their respective remedies. Involved: Mobile
diately on the portions of the The client did not have ETP Systems
existing ETPs and once a part to do any research on what

50 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Control Valve for Central Cooling System for

Sludge Removal at a Hydroelectric Plant
By Alejandro Duque and Patricio Egan

the sludge extraction system

several benefits were achieved;
it has changed from a manual
cleaning process using ap-
proximately ten people to an
automatic process with only
four people, cleaning the tank
used to take 26 hours and
now it only takes 6 hours and
downtimes of the generators
for maintenance has been re-
duced as the quality of the wa-
ter in the cooling system has
significantly improved.
Carlos Ospina, Operations
Director for Guadalupe Hydro-
electric Plant said, “By regu-
lating the flow with the Singer
control valve in our new sludge
extraction system, we have re-
THE GUADALUPE IV Hy- ually decreases the efficiency surized water comes through can be used as a feedback val- duced our maintenance costs
droelectric plant is located 70 of the cooling system due to a 2” stainless steel pipe (AISI ue to the controller to automat- and reduced necessary inter-
Km from the of city Medellin, obstructions caused by the 304) installed upstream of the ically manage the flow control. ruption time of power genera-
Antioquia and provides elec- suction of sludge. intake valves of the generators. The installation of the tion. We are very pleased with
tricity to the surrounding ar- The Hydroelectric plant was This gives a static pressure of sludge extraction system in- this outcome and the stability
eas of Medellin, Envigado, and faced with suspending the op- 40 bar (580 Psi) that feeds into volved assembling the ejectors performance of the valve.”
Guadalupe. It has a power gen- eration of generators for a pe- a 6” main pipe feeding into a grid in the bottom of the tank The cooling tank is also
eration capacity of 216 MW riod of up to two days, because grid of 110 PVC high-pressure and then connecting the whole connected to the plant’s fire-
and a net capacity of 202 MW. of the rudimentary drainage sprinklers in the bottom of system to the flow control fighting system, so having this
There are three Francis Verti- systems to remove the sludge the tank. With a stable flow of valve. The control valve was in- guaranteed water pressure
cal Shaft Turbines, with two at the bottom of the tank. 150 l/s (2,377.5 USGPM) and a stalled on the top of the tank, from the control valve for a
of the units generating 67 MW Santiago Ramirez and Car- stable pressure of 40 Bar, the leaving a straight stainless high a high demand situation,
and one unit generating 68 los Ospina designed a sludge 110 sprinklers are able to stir steel pipe stub upstream with is a vital safety requirement
MW. This power plant delivers removal system that would not up the sludge for removal from a length of four times of the for the plant.
1,205 GWh per year, with a net only do a better job but signifi- the bottom of the tank. valve’s flange size to ensure the
generation of 1,026 GWh per cantly reduce the downtime of The Singer 10”- 206 - 2SC - flow across the valve is stable. About the Authors
year to the Columbian Power power generating operations. MV - Class 300 control valve The Hydroelectric plant need- Alejandro Duque is cur-
Network. They did this by designing was chosen because it com- ed to shut down for 5 days to rently working as Singer Cus-
The cooling system for the a network of high-pressure bines precise flow control with complete the installation. tomer Relations Manager.
three turbines collects wa- sprinklers that are installed flow metering to ensure that The sludge removal is now Patricio Egan is currently
ter from a 235.3 cubic meter on the bottom of the tank and the flow is adjusted to sup- performed approximately working as Singer Latin Amer-
holding tank. This water has are fed with pressurized water. ply 150 l/s (2,377.5 USGPM) every six months. The plant ica Area Manager for Mueller
already been used by the The high-pressure sprinklers of water at stable pressure. is only out of service for six Water Products, Inc.
turbines and has fine sand stir the sludge in the bottom This hydraulically operated hours to prevent the stirred
particles so it needs to filter slab of the cooling tank, and valve introduces or releases solids from being pumped
through screens (1mm open- through a submersible pump, water from the control cham- into the cooling system. The IN A NUTSHELL
ings) before it is used for cool- they discharge the muddy wa- ber above the diaphragm to operation consists of lowering Industry: Power, Energy
ing. If any sand comes into ter into the river at one side of effectively maintain accurate the water level of the cooling Customer: Guadalupe
contact with the turbine bear- the powerhouse. water control. The metering tank, starting the submersible IV Hydroelectric Plant
ings, it can be a big problem. To ensure the pressurized valve (MV) calculates the flow pumps and operating the flow Location: Medellin,
The sand is essentially decant- water into the tank flows at rate through the valve using control valve to initiate the ag- Antioquia, Colombia
ed in the bottom of the tank a constant 150 l/s (2,377.50 a proprietary algorithm, the itation of the decanted solids Service Provider: Mueller
and can get up to 30 cm high USGPM), they needed to in- position of the valve and the before discharging into the Water Products, Inc.
in a period of 6 months with stall a control valve to regulate pressure differential across the river. Products/Technology
normal operation. This grad- the flow. The inlet for the pres- valve. The calculated flow rate With the commissioning of Involved: Valves

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 51


Successful Effluent Solutions at an Industrial

Wastewater Treatment Facility
The facility utilizes highly refined, chemical precipitation processes, which remove
heavy metals, suspended solids, and organics to generate safe effluent for discharge
into municipal sewer systems.
By Mantech Inc.
from a single Clean Harbors in the PeCOD® COD Analyzer, discharged, thereby saving on
treatment plant, servicing complete with autosampler, chemical and energy costs. The
multiple different industries, immediately putting it into PeCOD® also provides a reli-
including automotive, man- production and replacing the able estimate of BOD, which is
ufacturing, primary steel, CODCr method. The key ad- required for compliance with
chemical, and dairy facilities. vantage for Clean Harbors in municipal standards. Histori-
Samples were prepared by cen- adopting the PeCOD® COD cally, the BOD results were re-
trifugation to settle solids then Technology was the speed of ceived by Clean Harbors 8 days
mixed in a 1:49 ratio with RED the test. The wastewater treat- after sampling. Now the facili-
range PeCOD® electrolyte. The ment facility can obtain critical ty can obtain a daily real-time
soluble COD was analyzed by information on incoming loads BOD estimate, ensuring peace
the PeCOD® COD method and within 15 minutes, allowing of mind with regards to their
compared against the dichro- for quick decision making and treated discharge effluent.
By investing in a PeCOD®,
Clean Harbors continuously
monitors the organic load of
CLEAN HARBORS IS an in- mand (COD) is used as a fast influent and effluent wastewa-
dustrial wastewater treatment assessment of organic contam- ter, to optimize treatment pro-
facility in Guelph, Ontario. The ination. A correlation study cesses. The speed and accuracy
facility utilizes highly refined, is then used to determine the of the PeCOD® COD method
chemical precipitation pro- relationship between COD and has led to substantial financial
cesses, which remove heavy BOD5. savings, thereby increasing
metals, suspended solids, and The PeCOD® COD method profitability. In addition, Clean
organics to generate safe efflu- is well suited for use in an in- Harbors improved the health
ent for discharge into munici- dustrial wastewater treatment and safety of the workplace
pal sewer systems. Wastewater facility due to its rapid analysis and their employees by elimi-
nating the use of dichromate,
Figure 2: A Scatterplot Demonstrating a Strong Correlation between PeCOD® mercury, and concentrated
COD and BOD5 for Composite Daily Sampling of Treated Wastewater Effluent
Discharged to the Sewer
acid required with the CODCr
test. With the PeCOD® invest-
mate COD (CODCr) and BOD5 more efficient treatment. Prior ment, Clean Harbors demon-
methods. to unloading, a COD measure- strated financial, sustainable,
The objective of this study ment is obtained using the Pe- and environmental steward-
was to determine if a correla- COD®. If the result is above the ship, which benefits the com-
tion exists between PeCOD® acceptable limit, the truck can munity as a whole.
COD and traditional meth- immediately be diverted to an
ods (e.g. CODCr and BOD5). incinerating plant. However,
The results indicated a strong due to the nature of the CODCr IN A NUTSHELL
correlation between PeCOD® method, results are not avail- Industry: Industrial
Figure 1: A Scatterplot Demonstrating a Strong Correlation between PeCOD
COD and CODCr for incom- able for approximately 3 hours. Wastewater Treatment
COD and CODCr for Incoming Hauled Wastewater from a Variety of Industries
ing hauled wastewater (Figure In that time, the truck would Facility
is treated to meet municipal and safe operation. COD mon- 1). Similarly, the results from have unloaded the wastewater Customer: Clean Harbors
discharge requirements for itoring offers the operational treated wastewater samples and left the facility. Avoiding Location: Guelph,
biochemical oxygen demand feedback necessary for opti- taken from various industries this time delay eliminates the Ontario, Canada
(BOD5). mizing production, thereby demonstrated a strong correla- requirement for subsequent Service Provider:
Since BOD is a 5-day test, reducing the consumption of tion between PeCOD® COD storage and hauling costs. Fur- Mantech Inc.
the results cannot be used to raw materials, energy, and sew- and BOD5 methods (Figure 2). thermore, incoming wastewa- Products/Technology
continuously monitor organic er discharge costs. Upon completion of the ter that is below plant sewer Involved: PeCOD®
load. Chemical oxygen de- The results in Figure 1 are study, Clean Harbors invested discharge limits can be quickly

52 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Hydro MicroScreenTM Demonstrates Efficiency

Savings at Carrot Processing Facility
A large US carrot processing company wanted to improve its process water
treatment at its premier baby carrot processing facility in California.
By Hydro International

could cover, and increase the The Hydro MicroScreen™

system’s efficiency-saving the performed extremely well IN A NUTSHELL
company money. during testing, achieving an Industry: Food & Beverages
In addition, producing dri- overall total suspended solids Customer: A Carrot
er solids would reduce the (TSS) removal efficiency mea- Processing Company
weight of pulp, cutting the cost sured at 90%. Location: California, USA
of handling and disposing of The Hydro MicroScreen™ Service Provider:
this by-product material. removed 100% more solids Hydro International
than the existing screening Products/Technology
The Solution technology for a given volu- Involved: Rotating
The company approached metric feed. Belt Screen
Hydro International and re- The more efficient dewa-
quested a pilot test of the Hy- tering process also produced
a visibly drier solids product, weight
achieving a 30% reduction in • 2 40 cu ft of missed solids
pulp solids output. captured
As part of the testing, the • Every eight hours
The Hydro MicroScreenTM MS28 Test System in Action Hydro MicroScreen™ treated
both regular untreated influ-
The Situation quantities of carrot pulp that ent and effluent from the grav-
A large US carrot processing must be removed from the ity disc screen, to evaluate how
Project Objective
company wanted to improve process water and disposed of. much material the existing
To evaluate the performance
its process water treatment at The facility was using a system was missing.
30% Reduction in Solids Output and demonstrate the
its premier baby carrot pro- gravity disc screen with a 185- During the periods that the
efficiency improvements of
cessing facility in California in mesh (81 μm) screen opening gravity disc screen’s effluent
the Hydro MicroScreenTM
order to reduce the handling to remove these solids from dro MicroScreen™ rotating was directed to the Hydro Mi-
when applied to carrot
cost of carrot pulp and solids its process water, and it was belt screen to evaluate the sys- croScreen™, it was calculated
process water.
and improve its water recy- feeding the effluent to a spray tem’s performance for carrot that the gravity disc screen
Project Solution
cling efficiency. system in order to recycle the processing applications. was missing 240 cu. ft. (6.8
Hydro International tested
process water onto its fields. Glenn Murphy of Hydro In- m3) for every 8-hour shift of
the Hydro MicroScreenTM
The Problem The solid content in the ternational’s pilot testing team operation.
MS28 and demonstrated
Baby carrots are created by spray system reduces the effec- reviewed the facility’s require-
significant performance
cutting carrots into small seg- tiveness of the spray, however; ments and recommended the
benefits over the client’s
ments, then peeling, polish- reducing the solids content MS28 model with a 158/1000
existing technology, which
ing and washing them. This in the spray system would in- belt.
would lead to greater
Glenn designed and set up
operational efficiency
a test system tailored to the
and cost savings.
facility’s specific influent flow
Product Profile
rate, adjusting the system’s
• Rotating belt screening
dewatering zone compression
of food processing water
in order to generate dry solids
• Exceptional solids
output on startup.
removal performance
He also advised the site own-
• Low energy, small
er on optimal operation proto-
cols, recommending solutions
• Range of unit and belt
to common issues such as loss Hydro MicroScreen™ per-
configurations to meet
of system pressure during pe- formance versus gravity disc
varying operational
riods of high demand on the screen:
water supply line.
• Optional dewatering
• 1 00% more solids removed
compression zone
process generates significant crease the area that the spray The Outcome • 30% reduction in solids by

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 53


Working on a Sustainable Water Future

Anik Bhaduri is the Executive Director of the Sustainable Water Future Programme
(SWFP) and Associate Professor at Australian River Institute, Griffith University.
Previously, he has served as Executive Officer of Global Water System Project
(GWSP). With a background in environment and natural resource economics,
he has specialized in water resource management. He has worked on several
topics and projects, ranging from trans boundary water sharing to adaptive
water management under climate change. He also serves as a senior fellow at
Centre of Development Research, University of Bonn. In this interview, Anik
speaks about Water Future, a global environmental program renowned for its
expertise and innovation in water research, policy, security, and sustainability.
By Australian Water Partnership (AWP)

Q. Tell us about yourself

and how the global
platform called ‘Water
Future’ came to be set up.
Anik: I’m a mathematical
economist working on environ-
ment and resource economics
problems. My Ph.D. was on the
transboundary water, working
out different game theoretic
strategies that could be used by
transboundary countries that
share rivers, and how to mitigate
conflict between them so they
can share benefits among them-
selves. After that, I joined the
Global Water System Project in
Bonn, as an Executive Director.
The Global Water System
Project, on which Water Future
builds, addresses how human
impacts are affecting the world’s
water systems, and what linkag-
es and interlinkages there are
between the human component,
the physical hydrological com-
ponent, and the biological com-
ponent. Those determine not
only water availability but also
water quality and the nutrient
Before that, water had always
been talked about as a local
problem and the solutions at-
tempted were always local. But
water problem is not always lo-
cal, it’s a global problem as water,
as a key component of the Earth
system (global hydrological cy-
cle) and not only a local good.
GWSP was one of the core proj-

54 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


ects of the Global Environmen- It has several working groups tions in its design don’t consider longevity criteria - for instance,
tal Change Programmes. There formed from international com- the problems themselves, and some solutions will have defi-
were four Global Environmental munities: currently there are 12 instead, they take an overview of ciencies that make them ineffec-
Change Programmes, starting in groups and two more are join- the problems and design differ- tive after a few years.
the 1970s: they were the Inter-
national Geosphere-Biosphere
ing soon - Water and Health, as
well as Mountains and Climate
ent solutions. However, even at
a policy level many of the solu-
The Water Solutions Labs
rates the various criteria and
The Water
Programme (IGBP); the Inter- Change. They work on topics tions that have been designed the various solutions, from the Solutions Lab
national Human Dimensions ranging from groundwater to are not addressing the root caus- perspective of stakeholders, the aims to act as
Programme (IHDP); the World
Climate Research Programme
environmental flows to water
ethics to water governance.
es of the problems.
During the Global Water Sys-
people on the ground. And if
there are any deficiencies, the
a matchmaker.
(WCRP); and one on biodiver- Our objective is to harvest the tem Project, we found that while Water Solutions Lab will try to The Water
sity, called DIVERSITAS. Each knowledge that exists in differ- examining the freshwater or sed- resolve them. Solutions Lab
program focused on particular
aspects of global change and cli-
ent parts of the world and then
synthesize that knowledge and
iment management problems
at the catchment level, the in-
How can we address those
gaps in the solutions? By looking
team identifies a
mate change. The programmes feed it to different initiatives tended solutions do not address at the root causes of the prob- rational solution
were also instrumental in form- that can properly serve different the root causes of the problems, lems. Therefore, the end-result strategy and does
ing IPCC (Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change) and
countries, different regions and
address the global agenda set
and solutions are targeted in
the areas where they have only
is not simply one solution for
several problems but different
a simultaneous
IPBES. Those global change pro- by the UN and others. We also marginal beneficial effects to re- solutions for different problems or indicative
grams asked: What are the feed- aim to embed this thinking into duce the problems of the overall and different regions. By exam- problem
back elements for the ways in
which climate change and global
a global and original perspective.
Water Future’s connection
Here, the Water Solutions Lab
ining the root causes of some
problems we hope to solve other
change are taking shape? Water with Australia is very strong, aims to act as a matchmaker. The problems as well. In short, the
Programme is a core part of these with the International Secretar- Water Solutions Lab team iden- Water Solutions Lab takes a ho- water in 5-10 years’ time. So, with
global change programmes as iat moving here, to Brisbane, tifies a rational solution strategy listic look at both problems and multiple stakeholders and multi-
hydrological variability plays a from Germany in early 2016. and does a simultaneous or in- solutions. ple partners, we are setting up a
very significant role in global From Australia, we can focus dicative problem assessment, in The Lab is implementing solutions lab there. The Indian
change and climate change, con- on Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacif- multiple dimensions and from knowledge. We are harvesting Institute of Science Bangalore,
sidering 80% of climate change ic, whereas previously we were the perspectives of multiple and synthesizing knowledge the Federation of Indian Cham-
effects come from hydrological focusing mainly on Africa and stakeholders. that has been produced and bers of Commerce and Industry,
variability, which is connected to other places where there is also When we are doing an inte- that exists in many areas and and many other partners are all
the water cycle and considering severe water scarcity. grated problem assessment, we applying it in a way that is need- involved. The products will be
regulations in the terrestrial eco- Various initiatives are emerg- consider the socio-economic, ed by society. I would say the digital information repository
system (including land use). ing as outcomes of our synthe- ecological, hydrological, and bi- Water Solutions Lab is a very solutions, strategy reports, water
Around 2013, all the global sizing exercise. The initiatives ological as well as governance demand-orientated initiative. Its solution strategy reports, capaci-
change programs merged into are cross-governed by different aspects and we bring all these structure, approach, and focus ty development, and a very local
one international science collab- teams, aiming to address the components together in the depend on the end-user. level water state index. These
oration platform, which is called global agenda. They are inno- problem assessment, together will engage the different stake-
‘Future Earth’. This is a science vative combinations of ‘state-of- with the multiple stakeholder An example: holders and different dialogues
and technological alliance for the-art’ science and information perspectives. In response to interest from and policy dialogues at that lo-
global sustainability. The Glob- technology. They are very much Then, when it comes to ap- the Indian Government, we are cal level, helping them identify
al Water System Project evolved design-orientated, working on a plying solutions, again we do a establishing a Water Solutions what they need to do if a water
into the ‘Sustainable Water Fu- good design with practitioners multi-criteria solution assess- Lab in India to address the water crisis starts emerging in that city.
ture Programme’, and that short and the different stakeholders. ment because a solution can scarcity problems in the city of These knowledge products will
name in use is ‘Water Future’ to And they focus also on imple- have different perspectives and Bangalore. Bangalore has 10 mil- be accessible by the public; the
get rid of acronyms. mentation - so they have a re- criteria. There will be economic lion people and there are predic- digital information reports will
gional focus. criteria. There may be timing or tions that the city will run out of be in the public domain.
Q. What is Water One of the initiatives is a com-
Future doing? What prehensive assessment, called
is its mandate? ‘Compass’. Other initiatives are WATER FUTURE... GLOBAL WATER FUTURES AND SUS-
Anik: Water Future’s man- the Water Solutions Labs we are Building upon more than a decade of wa- TAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFER-
date now is not just to find the developing in various regions, ter-related research under the Global Water ENCE 2019...
problems that exist at a global and water governance initia- System Project, Water Future as a water pro- Water Future and Future Earth-Australia
level; we also are applying ad- tives, and capacity development gram of Future Earth is a major international are organizing this conference in Canberra
vanced scientific knowledge to which we are working on with research platform providing knowledge and next year.
implement action. We focus on the United Nations University. support to accelerate transformations to a This conference is next year around World
conducting innovative research more sustainable world. Water Day (22 March), which is being public-
and knowledge synthesis, and Q. Can you tell us The water future program of Future Earth ly announced at the end of June 2018.
on the comprehensive analysis more about the Water provides an international coordination plat- The conference is called ‘Global Water Fu-
of the world’s water systems, and Solutions Lab? form for integrative research on Global Wa- tures and Sustainable Development’, and its
on building capacity for the next Anik: There is an apparent dis- ter. It addresses the increasing challenge of objective is to focus on how the global water
generation of scientists and prac- connection between the knowl- co-balancing the needs of humankind and science community can face the different
titioners. edge generators and knowledge nature through the protection of ecosystems challenges in our water systems in real time,
The structure of Water Future implementers, as the water prob- and their services provided, offering solu- and how we can open up new frontiers for
has been adjusted so we can lems and solutions are often tions based on interdisciplinary science. innovative solutions.
become more action orientated. identified in silos. Many solu-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 55


mentations of suitable actions. It and near-real-time (one-month ernance gaps that exist at a very practice together so that young
is a near-real-time index of the latency). local level. That is an area where practitioners can train in some
global water resource expressed the gender issues are important. component of this to learn
in a standardized form, like a Q. Have you any Water Future will gather the what’s going on the UN, and how
Around 80% of Dow Jones Index made for water. observations or comments gender disaggregated data, in- it is relevant, as well as practical
climate change We intend Compass to pro- about gender equality corporate it, and see the func- aspects. We aim to launch this at
duce a six-month water outlook. and social inclusion? tional performance of the gov- the end of this year (2018).
effects come It will combine the weather fore- Anik: Gender issues are par- ernance systems to address the
from hydrological cast with the prediction of water ticularly relevant to the imple- gaps. This is being done at a local Q. Tell us about your
variability, which use and current and forecasted mentation of the Sustainable level, by the solutions labs, but conference in Canberra
economic activities. It will also Development Goals (SDGs), es- all these initiatives are connect- in 2019, ‘Global Water
is connected to do scenario analysis for the me- pecially Goals 6.1 and 6.2. That ed to one another. They all work Futures and Sustainable
the water cycle. dium-term and the long-term for is clear if you look at who are the ‘hand in hand’ with each other. Development’.
infrastructure planning at a very users of water. In many house- Anik: Water Future and Fu-
fine resolution, and we can tune holds, women are the main users Q. Do you have any ture Earth-Australia are organiz-
Currently, this water solution in and, knowing the GDP distri- of water. In agriculture too, wom- messages for young ing this conference in Canberra
lab is at the stage of extensive bution, see how many people en are stepping into the roles of water professionals who next year. Water Future Interna-
stakeholder dialogue to produce are vulnerable to water stress at smallholder and farm laborer want to join this dynamic tional Secretariat has been based
a vision document that will set a grid scale of, say, 5 km resolu- because men are leaving agricul- and growing industry? in Australia now for two years,
out the way for the lab to be tion, or even less. ture and migrating to the cities, Anik: We learn a lot from and we eager to cater to the
designed to meet the needs in At the World Water Forum leaving the agricultural land to young researchers. There’s a Australian water community. So
Bangalore. in March 2018, we showcased women. need for capacity development, we are organizing a conference
some of the prototype products, Water is strongly connected and for better connections to next year around World Water
Q. Tell us about the tool like the near-real-time water to gender issues. Women and enable knowledge to flow from Day (22 March), which is being
‘Compass’, which ‘detects, state index, and we showed the men have different needs for science to practice and practice publicly announced at the end
evaluates and reports results of an index covering from water; they have different hy- to science. It involves mentoring of June 2018.
on existing, imminent, 2009 to February 2018. We also giene needs and so on. And the of the next generation of water The conference is called ‘Glob-
and emerging water displayed prototypes showing problem is that many of the in- scientists and practitioners, who al Water Futures and Sustainable
resource challenges’. how we can predict hotspots for dicators we have for the SDGs will focus together on key plan- Development’, and its objective
Anik: There have been many water conflict and involuntary do not reflect that difference in ning challenges, adopting and is to focus on how the global wa-
advances and global and re- population disbursement in real water needs. There needs to be capitalizing on the best state-of- ter science community can face
gional assessments made by the time. And we showed prototypes more emphasis on gender in pol- the-art science, technology, and the different challenges in our
scientific community globally, for investment opportunities, icy-making at the national level. water assessment tools and pro- water systems in real time, and
but we think that there are con- threats to rivers, climate variabil- Currently, the pace of progress moting an expanded use of inte- how we can open up new fron-
tinuous interactions between ity, and negative inverse impacts in SDG implementation in most grated and ecosystem-based ap- tiers for innovative solutions.
global change and local change, of the investment to natural cap- countries, particularly Africa is proaches for the design of future The program aims to focus
and many feedbacks and inter- ital. That demonstrated where not enough to achieve universal water security systems. Water on the current state of water re-
linkages. Therefore, we think we bring in investment, where basic water services and sanita- Future is developing a capacity sources, what are the future path-
data that are, say, five years old we can do reinvestments, and tion by 2030. Of the 10 countries development program for young ways and scenarios, and what
assessment data cannot neces- which are the areas where there where at least 20 percent of the researchers along with United solutions might be possible to
sarily be relied on in policy-mak- are good returns and so on. national population uses limited Nations University. It is called enable technological institutions
ing, because things are changing Currently, we are developing services (with water collection ‘2030WaterSecure’. 2030Water- to accelerate implementation of
very fast. Compass further, with proto- times exceeding 30 minutes), Secure is an innovative vision to the SDGs.
Compass aims to capture types that can assess the popu- eight are in sub-Saharan Africa. develop capacity by combining There’s an obvious need to
a real-time analysis of what’s lation under water stress, and Women and girls are responsi- state-of-the-art water knowledge accelerate action and to bring
going on. It’s a systems assess- the coping capacity of the pop- ble for water collection in 8 out with modern, personalized the community together and
ment and it includes the ecolog- ulation, and a water pollution of 10 households with water off communication tools in order this conference will help put the
ical perspective, the hydrological index, and the investment op- premises. Therefore, reducing to tackle the 21st-century water science community into direct
perspective, the governance per- portunities in green infrastruc- the vulnerability of the popula- challenges and facilitate effec- contact with the international
spective...they are all embedded tures, and the state of water for tion to water security risks (from tive implementation of the 2030 policy consultation process. The
together, and Compass captures the environment in terms of en- climate change and also local Water Agenda. Water Security launch of the 2019 United Na-
that. It has several products vironmental flow alteration. changes) will have a strong gen- has several components, includ- tions World Water Development
which are designed with a dy- In about one year’s time, we der impact. ing drinking water, ecosystems, Report, which has the working
namic approach, given this kind hope to be running pilot projects Tools being built by Water Fu- natural hazards, transboundary title ‘Leaving no one behind’, will
of demands, to make a continu- in different regions: Latin Amer- ture are intended to capture data water, urban water. The under- be at this conference.
ous assessment rather than sin- ica, in India, in Brazil, and so on. to support gender equality and pinning concept to understand We would like to invite water
gle-time snapshots. These projects will work with social inclusion. this water security is through the sector people in Australia, and
Compass is tailored to the de- international agencies to check One of our new initiatives lens of water risk. the members of the Australian
mands of society and different for ground truth and many oth- is on water governance and Our capacity-building ini- Water Partnership, to attend this
users: such as for infrastructure er things, and they will involve management systems. It’s still tiative will look into the under- conference.
planning, identifying business extensive regional consultations, in the design phase. We are do- standing of water risk: how we The Australian Water Partner-
opportunities, how we can as- with the objective of customiz- ing a state-of-the-art diagnosis assess water risk, and how we ship (AWP) is an Australian Gov-
sess a city’s progress, and so on. ing Compass to suit the needs of to assess current functional implement different institution- ernment development initiative
You can think of it as tracking its potential users. performance and resilience in al technological solutions to any enhancing the sustainable man-
our systems in terms of water so The data used in Compass governance and management particular water risk. agement of water across the In-
that it can help and guide imple- will be global, and continuous, systems, and to identify the gov- It brings science, policy, and do-Pacific.

56 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


The Global Bottled Water Hydration Market

By Frost & Sullivan
carbonated drinks such as wellness. Aqua Botanical, an ter, will increase revenues and
soda to bottled, flavored and Australian bottled water com- reduce the carbon footprint
functional water. Traditionally, pany has sourced a sustain- created using plastic bottles.
still water hydration has been able way of harvesting water I-Drop Water was launched in
a substitute for tap water in from fruit and vegetables that South Africa to empower gro-
countries where drinking wa- are free of toxins and contains cery owners to sell pure and
ter shortages amid sweltering essential plant minerals. Prod- safe water to customers using
summers or the tap water are ucts such as these are eventu- its nano-purification water fil-
not of the good drinking quali- ally gaining momentum and tration technology and global
ty. Public awareness highlight- acceptance among consumers. system for mobile communica-
ing the low quality of tap wa- The bottled water market tion (GSM)-enabled platform.
ter has propelled consumers to in North America is mature Customers pay by the liter for
switch to bottled water in the due to its relative saturation refilling their containers.
THE GLOBAL BOTTLED by sparkling water at 23.9%. recent years. Sparkling water and is expected to grow due Partnering with water utility
water hydration market is Flavoured and functional is often seen as a substitute to the tangible shift of custom- companies will enable bottled
witnessing a remarkable and water contributed 9.6% and for carbonates and is true in ers from soda-based drinks to water firms to provide safe
continued growth in the past 18.9%, respectively. Though the case of flavored sparkling water-based alternatives of drinking water to a large num-
years. Frost and Sullivan esti- still water will continue to water. Drinks enhanced with sparkling, flavored and func- ber of consumers across the
mate the total global bottled dominate the market through- various proteins, nutritional, tional such as Hint Water, globe. NEWater in Singapore,
water hydration market to be out the forecast period, growth and detox supplements such Agua Water, Vitamin Water, a subsidiary of Singapore’s
USD 150.3 billion in 2017 in the other three segments is as Gatorade, Powerade, Napa and Voss Water. Latin America Public Utilities Board uses a
with an annual growth rate accelerating within a rapidly Hills, Protein2o, etc. will dom- and the Middle East and Afri- dual membrane and ultravio-
of 5.3%, and it is expected to evolving bottled water ecosys- inate the market in the com- ca are likely to experience rap- let technologies for purifying
reach USD 242.3 billion by tem. ing years. New and distinct id growth during the forecast wastewater and producing
2024 at a compound annual Environmental concerns flavours cucumber, cranberry, period due to their poor water bottled drinking water.
growth rate (CAGR) of 7.1%. In arising due to single-use plas- grapefruit and blood orange infrastructure, and unsafe and The global bottled water
terms of volume, the current tics are influencing both prod- in functional and sparkling unclean tap water. hydration market is highly
consumption of bottled water uct and business model in- drinks will widen the range of Innovative water treatment fragmented and dynamic. Tier
stands at 204.5 billion liters as novation opportunities along offerings. systems for residential, light I participants are partnering
of 2017 and is likely to reach the value chain of the bottled Europe is the largest con- commercial and HoReCa seg- with or acquiring small play-
282.5 billion liters by 2024. water industry. Eco-friendly sumer market for bottled wa- ments are emerging as disrup- ers to expand their presence
According to the findings of packaging is gaining momen- ter, as it accounts for 36.9% tive applications and a huge and make their products
Frost and Sullivan analysis, tum and has become a key share of the global bottled wa- threat to bottled water com- available in remote locations
the consumption of bottled trend that will shape the future ter hydration market. Eastern panies, as advanced systems with severe water scarcity.
water is primarily driven by of the global bottled water hy- Europe states are seeing ro- can generate mineral quality The top tier will remain so in
the rising health conscious- dration market. As consumer’s bust growth. Western Europe drinking water or even fla- the foreseeable future, with
ness among customers, rising preferences for sustainable to a large extent is ranked as vored and functional water at many small and regional par-
environmentally sustainable packaging continues to grow, the world’s most mature bot- home. Mitte, for example, is ticipants competing for mar-
packaging solutions and the emerging companies such as tled water market. The market one such company that offers ket shares. Some of the key
increasing water contamina- Just Water and Boxed Water is led by France Germany, Italy, a smart water purifier system players in the current global
tion levels and its impact on have set new industry bench- and the UK that have a strong that can purify and enhance bottled water market are Nes-
the quality of drinking water. marks with their innovating foothold in bottled water mar- water through a process that is tle Waters, Danone, PepsiCo,
Consumers across the world packaging solutions that in- ket growth. Consumers across like natural water cycle. It not Coca-Cola, Fiji Water, Hang-
are demanding more value volve the use of renewable re- Europe are looking for a good only makes the water pure but zhou Wahaha Group Co Ltd,
from already existing bottled sources. Evian and Highland source of nutrients and added also enhances it with essential Bisleri International Pvt Ltd,
water products. According to Spring, on the other hand, are supplements in their bever- nutrients. MaiDubai, Hint Water, Fre-
the Beverage Marketing Cor- going to introduce 100% recy- ages. Hence, functional water The persisting water crisis quency H2O, Aqua Botanical,
poration, the annual bottled clable PET bottles. with added flavors is expected caused by drought has led to and Penta Water.
water consumption in 2017 The regional tastes of con- to see solid growth in the fore- the deterioration of tap water Bottled water market is pro-
was 39.3 gallons per capita sumers and the substantial cast period. across the African continent. viding significant opportuni-
while soft drinks consumption lifestyle changes in develop- Asia-Pacific is the second Consumers are showing more ties and it is imperative that
decreased to 38.5 gallons per ing and developed nations are largest market in terms of total interest in bottled water due companies capitalize on these
capita. Demand for healthier providing the platform for new consumption, accounting for to an upsurge in the incidence to create an edge amongst the
beverages is driving compa- product development. Con- 33% market share. It is also the of waterborne diseases. Effi- competition.
nies to invest in new and en- sumer preferences in the US fastest growing market, due cient business models, such as Anagha Lakshmi Jay-
hanced water products, such are steadily shifting from high to its rapidly growing popu- water filtration systems at gro- aprakash is a Senior Research
as Hint Water, Just Water, etc. calorie/sugar drinks towards lation, growing middle class, cery and convenience stores Analyst at Frost & Sullivan.
Still Water accounted for 47.6% healthier alternatives. This high disposable income, and where consumers can refill
of the market in 2017, followed has resulted in a shift from increasing focus on health and their cans and pay by the li- @FrostSullivanEE

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 57


The State of National Rural Drinking Water Programme

monitoring and oversight found that DWSMs in 23 vigilance, and monitoring
framework of the programme States did not constitute any were either not established or
lacked effectiveness and there team of experts. were not functioning in the
was inadequate communi- Programme guidelines also manner envisaged and the
ty involvement, the report stipulate that State Water and overall monitoring and over-
highlighted that there was no Sanitation Missions (SWSMs) sight framework lacked effec-
mechanism for ensuring au- shall conduct a review of the tiveness.
thentication and validation programme in the districts The audit also noted that the
of data entered in Integrated once in six months. However, studies done so far were either
Management Information Sys- SWSMs did not conduct any issue specific or state specific
tem (IMIS) in several States review of the Programme in 17 and no comprehensive evalu-
leading to data inconsistency. States. ation of the programme had
Among the many examples Programme guidelines also been undertaken by the Min-
cited are: in district Bhabua provide for a social audit ev- istry covering all the States to
(Bihar), out of two schemes ery six months on a fixed date assess the impact of NRDWP, a
covering 17 fluoride affected by community organizations concern in itself.
In August 2018, the Comp- anganwadis were provided habitations sanctioned during such as Village Water and San-
troller and Auditor General of access to safe drinking water. 2012-17, only one scheme itation Committee (VWSC) Some of the critical recom-
India (CAG) came out with a • Only 18 percent of the rural covering two habitations was and user groups to ensure that mendations from the report
comprehensive performance population was provided completed but IMIS data the work undertaken is as per are:
audit report on the National potable drinking water (55 showed 34 habitations as be- the specification and funds • In view of the fact that the
Rural Drinking Water Pro- LPCD) by piped water sup- ing covered. Similarly, in Gu- utilized are in accordance. institutional framework
gramme (NRDWP) for 2012- ply. jarat, in 10 selected districts, However, the audit report ob- for planning and deliv-
17. While the civil society and • Only 17 percent of rural 10,913 samples (14 percent), served that the social audit of ery as contemplated in
non-profit organizations work- households were provided out of 77,064 samples tested the programme was not being the programme guidelines
ing in the sector have con- household connections. in water testing laboratories conducted in 23 States. were either non-existent or
stantly engaged with the issue during 2015-17 were found non-functional in a large
to conduct small-scale studies Then there are specific areas unfit for drinking due to the Grievance Redressal number of States, Ministry
and point out the gaps and of findings which are as fol- presence of fluoride, nitrate, System should review the feasibili-
challenges, it is heartening to lows: alkalinity, hardness, etc. How- The report also notes that ty and practicality of these
note that a large comprehen- ever, these reports were not a web-based public grievance mechanisms to ensure that
sive audit report is largely val- Planning and Fund entered in IMIS. redressal portal was launched they serve the intended pur-
idating what many of us have Management The report further talks of by the Ministry to enable citi- poses.
been talking about for a while. The report noted with con- the elaborate system of moni- zens to lodge their grievances •Water security plans and
Let us look at some of the cern that the availability of toring at various levels which on rural water supply. As on annual action plans must be
key findings: funds for the programme de- exist including at the national 1 September 2017, out of 855 prepared with community
creased from 2013-14 to 2016- level. According to it, there are grievances received by the participation to ensure that
NRDWP set out with the fol- 17. Moreover, even the funds to be quarterly rounds of visits Ministry related to availability schemes are aligned with
lowing key deliverables: allocated could not be fully uti- by the mandated National Lev- and quality of water, 402 griev- community requirements
• All rural habitations, gov- lized. While 8,788 crore out of el Monitors (NLMs) and ap- ances were closed after taking and ensure optimum and
ernment schools, and angan- available funds of INR 89,956 proximately 150 districts are action. However, it was found sustainable utilization of wa-
wadis to have access to safe crore (10 percent) remained to be covered in each round that no such grievance redres- ter resources.
drinking water. unutilized, INR 359 crore of so as to cover all the districts sal mechanism had been set Ministry must strengthen
• 50 percent of the rural popu- scheme funds were diverted in the country in a year. The up in 15 States. capacity building/ informa-
lation to be provided potable for ineligible purposes. More report noted that while visits So what are the additional tion, education and commu-
drinking water (55 LPCD) by importantly, according to the by NLMs were taking place, concerns emerging in terms nication (IEC) at the block and
piped water supply. report, Annual Action Plans the Ministry did not have an of systemic challenges? They village levels so that people
• 35 percent of rural house- of States lacked a bottom-up established system for exam- include operation & mainte- are equipped and empowered
holds to be provided house- approach. ining the reports of NLMs and nance plans that were either to meaningfully participate in
hold connections. On program implementa- taking follow up action there- not prepared in most of the the planning, management,
The audit report notes that tion, it was found that poor by undermining the purpose States or had deficiencies and monitoring of scheme and
as against the stated objec- execution of work and weak and utility of the visits. leading to schemes becoming programme.
tives, achievements against contract management resulted Similarly, programme guide- non-functional. As a result, the Now that the Government’s
deliverables set for 2017 were: in tasks remaining incomplete, lines stipulate that District incidence of slip-back habita- own arm is pointing serious
• Coverage of rural habitations abandoned or non-operational Water and Sanitation Missions tions continued to persist. Fur- gaps, will the government
increased by only 8 percent as well as unproductive ex- (DWSMs) shall constitute a ther, lack of a requisite number move to take action is the big
at 40 LPCD and 5.5 percent penditure on equipment with team of experts (with com- of states/district/sub-division- question?
on the basis of 55 LPCD a financial implication of INR munity participation) in the al level laboratories resulted in Avinash Kumar is Director
during 2012-17. 2,212.44 crore. district to review the imple- shortfalls in prescribed quality - Programme, and Policy at Wa-
• Only 44 percent of rural mentation in different blocks tests of water sources and sup- terAid India.
habitations and 85 percent Monitoring frequently at least once in a ply. Most critically, institution-
of government schools and While noting that overall quarter. However, the report al mechanisms for inspection, @Avinashkoomar

58 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Climate Resilient Water Resources Management

By Robert C. Brears

site water reuse systems that that are each 7.8m in height. cesses can be reclaimed for
can be installed, as follows: Each pump can drain 40 cubic storage and reuse for the same
1) Wastewater reuse system meters of water per second, purpose, for agricultural irriga-
(blackwater, greywater, rainwa- the equivalent of draining tion, or even domestic purpos-
ter for, flushing of toilets and an Olympic-sized swimming es (flushing toilets, outdoor
urinals, cooling tower makeup, pool in a minute. taps etc.), Water trading: WRE
washing of sidewalks, streets With the dam’s gates and is exploring the possibility of
or buildings, laundry, and sub- pumps keeping the reservoir’s developing transfer pipelines
surface of drip irrigation sys- water levels constant, the to share and transfer surplus
tem, and 2) Rainwater reuse freshwater lake is utilized for water resources between com-
systems used solely for cooling a variety of water sports in- panies and across sectors,
tower makeup, subsurface irri- cluding kayaking and dragon Uniting flood control and
gation, and drip irrigation. boating. The Marina Barrage water supply: There is a pos-
In addition to reducing de- has a green roof that is about sibility of working with drain-
mand for potable water, some the size of four football fields age authorities and boards
of the additional benefits en- offering visitors a recreation- to change procedures from
joyed by the citywide installa- al space for kite flyers, pic- pumping away excess water
tion of water reuse systems in- nickers, and those seeking a to capturing it for use in the
clude deferred capital costs of view of Singapore’s skyline. public water supply system,
large-scale water, wastewater, A pedestrian bridge also sits Natural infrastructure: WRE
and stormwater infrastructure; on top of the steel crest gates will explore the feasibility of
reduced loadings to sewers enabling walking, jogging or directing excess flood water
and water bodies; improved cycling around the Marina and overflow from new and
environmental stewardship; Bay. Throughout the year the existing dams and reservoirs
and increased capability to Marina Reservoir also plays to aquifers for use in times of
manage demand on the water host to large sporting and cul- high demand or drought, Man-
THE EFFECTS OF climate future water challenges, New supply system. tural events. aging demand: WRE will focus
change are beginning to im- York City’s Department of En- on how to effectively engage
pact water quantity and wa- vironmental Protection (DEP) Singapore’s Marina Innovative Solutions customers on the need to con-
ter quality across the globe. has implemented a variety of Barrage Turns 10! to Water Scarcity serve water, maximizing the
However, there is no single programs to reduce citywide This year the Singapore in England potential outcomes of water
action or strategy that any water consumption includ- Public Utilities Board’s (PUB) The East of England’s water demand approaches that in-
government can implement ing an On-Site Water Reuse multi-purpose Marina Barrage resources are challenged by a clude water conservation, us-
to ensure a community is re- Grant Pilot Program to provide is celebrating its 10th anniver- variety of mega-trends includ- ing grey water, and installation
silient to climate change-re- commercial, mixed-use, and sary. PUB’s Marina Barrage op- ing climate change and pop- of water-saving equipment.
lated extreme weather events multi-family residential prop- erates nine hydraulically-oper- ulation growth. In response,
while also protecting the nat- erty owners with incentives to ated steel crest gates spanning Anglian Water has formed the Conclusions
ural system. Instead, climate install water reuse systems. across the 350-meter-wide Water Resources East (WRE) Some of the key best prac-
resilient water resources man- Grants are available for wa- Marina Channel. Each gate initiative to bring stakeholders tices from the case studies are:
agement requires integrated, ter reuse system at the individ- is 26.5m-wide and 5m-high. together to manage shared wa- water utilities can proactively
forward-thinking policies ual building and district level, These gates help keep freshwa- ter resources wisely. meet future challenges by ex-
that are not only adaptable to with district-scale projects ter in from a 10,000-ha catch- WRE is a multi-sector wa- ploring ways of reducing de-
changing climatic conditions involving two or more parcels ment zone and keep seawater ter resource planning strategy mand for potable water while
but also seek to maximize of land such as a housing de- out, providing the city with a that promotes the sharing of capitalizing on the multiple
economic and social welfare velopment, where the project ready source of water supply. ideas, expertise, and best prac- benefits alternative supplies
in an equitable manner while reduces demand in the shared The opening of the Marina tices between sectors with a provide, 21st Century infra-
ensuring the continued health distribution system. Individu- Barrage helps reduce the risks focus on managing water de- structure needs to be designed
of their ecosystems. A range of al building-scale projects can of severe flooding in low-ly- mand and protecting the en- in a way so multiple benefits
leading locations around the receive up to USD 250,000 ing areas of the city. During vironment. The priority areas can accrue from one infra-
world ensuring their water re- in reimbursement for a sys- periods of heavy rainfall and WRE is encouraging innova- structure asset, and new part-
sources are resilient to future tem designed to save at least low-tide, the steel crest gates tive thinking on are: Reducing nerships that promote innova-
challenges are New York City, 32,000 gallons per day (GPD), are sequentially opened to re- water-energy nexus pressures: tive solutions to water scarcity
Singapore, and the East and and district-scale projects lease excess stormwater into The coastline of the region need to become the norm.
England. are eligible to receive up to the sea. When heavy rainfall stretches for around 1,000 Robert Brears is the au-
$500,000 in reimbursement occurs during high tide the miles making energy efficient thor of Urban Water Security,
New York City for a system designed to save gates remain closed and ex- desalination a possibility to Founder of Mitidaption, and
Embracing Future at least 94,000 GPD. cess water from the reservoir meet future water demand, Our Future Water.”
Water Challenges The NYC Construction Code is pumped into the sea. In Industrial water recycling:
To be proactive in meeting regulates two types of on- total there are seven pumps Water used in industrial pro- @Mitidaption

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 59


Planning with Water

By Peter Neill, IWC for the Australian Water Partnership (AWP)
IN THIS SERIES, I’ve been ad- el climate change projected managers from nations some- civic necessities, the Danish er efficiency and return, and
dressing the recognition of the effects, growing demand, and times antagonistic over other Hydraulic Institute totals for dramatically reduced waste of
global water crisis, its relation- multiple requirements for water issues, but understanding that USD 14 billion lost by water the most valuable commodity
ship to the effects of climate resources throughout the entire without such an agreement and users, managers, and utilities on earth. All this, from a rea-
change, and its implications for basin over time. collaborative action, the absence each year due to non-revenue sonable evaluation of usage in
the future provision of water as The DHI, a non-profit con- of adequate water supply at any water. the home or along the path of
the most valuable commodity sulting firm chartered by the point along the line will lead to To understand water use, distribution.
and for worldwide health and Danish Government, has de- deprivation and unrest. the Hydraulic Institute con- Earlier I had described a
security. I’ve suggested water veloped proprietary software Apply this methodology to ducts water audits, identify- much larger audit of the 3
as an alternative to coal, oil, capacity that can assimilate any waterway you know and ing and analyzing the various million square km area of the
and gas as a standard around massive amounts of data and you immediately see how deci- stages along the distribution Nile River basin. Beyond scale,
which we calculate the value make it adaptable for testing sions made up-stream or down, chain. The process examines what actually is the difference
and organize our communities, impacts of projected future indifferent to conditions down- water supplies, owned and between that endeavor and
economies, and internation- conditions and scenarios. It stream or up, are the instigators imported, to calculate total what we might do at home, a
al relationships. It may seem is an astonishing planning of competition and conflict that system input. Against this is key place where a change in
a drastic idea, but if you take tool. The Nile model includes most often does not serve any- measured water supplied and behavior results in a shift in
some time to think it through, rainfall, runoff, lakes, reser- one well. exported, consumption autho- the data set, representing both
you may discover a compelling voirs, dams, wetlands, and ir- The Nile Initiative is just one rized and unauthorized, billed baseline information but also
logic, a recalculation of value, rigation water demands. The amazing example of planning and unbilled consumption, measure of resultant improve-
a strategy for action toward a projections applied cover two with water. If nations can find apparent and real losses to ments? What you do each day
realizable future using existing 30-year periods: from 2020 to consensus and compromise construct a balance sheet that with your water is part of an
technology and re-allocated fi- 2049 and from 2079 to 2099. around water as an egalitarian reveals revenue water minus enormous hydraulic reality by
nancial assets. Comparing the changing ca- human right, what else might non-revenue water showing ei- which precious water moves
How would it work? Let pacity with population growth, they find possible through this ther surplus or deficit derived through a global natural, finan-
me give you an example of a rural and urban shifts, agri- first success? What other agree- from the existing system. cial, and political system of dis-
planning initiative that speaks cultural and manufacturing ment might be found through These analyses can reveal tribution and re-distribution,
to the why and how. The Nile needs revealed not just what the understanding and experi- weaknesses and inefficiencies through cycles and conveyors
River Basin comprises 3 mil- amount of water might be ence derived from one system along the way, and can also re- and upwellings that too often
lion square kilometers along a available, but also how what is that unites us all? veal strategies for repair, mod- corrupt or poison the water
6,695-kilometer course starting available can be efficiently and If you think about your own ification, and increased econo- consumed. Removing any wa-
at the headwater in Rwanda effectively managed. From this water usage, you can begin mies to make the system better. ter from that system, even a
and Burundi, support millions information, very specifically to understand what I mean. Localized pressure tests and single drop, denigrates it and
in ten riparian nations along located in a place, a region, a Whether or not you draw your flow meters can point to very denies it for the future.
the watershed, and descending settlement, or a nation, deci- water from a well or a munic- specific, reparable problems, If we can understand the
to Egypt and the Mediterranean sion-makers were provided ipal system, picture in your reduce leaks and blow-outs, peculiarities of our plumbing
Sea. The river’s erratic flow, and with informed conditions on mind how that water flows and also reduce maintenance and habits at home, then we
the associated activities sup- which they could evaluate through your home, what it costs and failure rates, divert- can fix them. The same holds
ported by that flow has been and place water-dependent provides, and where might be ing funds to up-grades and re- true for a municipal water sys-
severely impacted by climate uses, target limited financial the places or behaviors where placements. Similar tests can tem. And the same holds true
change factors: temperature resources, and understand the the value of that water is lost. discover areas of deteriorated for a watershed. And the same
rise, persistent droughts, ex- management practices and Showers, toilet flushes, food pipe, broken connections, mal- holds true for the ocean, the
treme weather, flooding, and professions for which to train preparation, car washes, lawn, functioning valves, and pumps, greatest water system on earth.
the inevitable social-economic personnel to operate the sys- and garden irrigation - these and failed or tampered meters. If we can understand how
consequence in terms of ener- tem in the future. represent the major functions In its entirety, the water audit our patterns of water use and
gy and food production, health Please take a moment to think of water in the home. For how gives a real-time picture of a waste are connected, perhaps
and sanitation, employment, about the implications of this, long do you or your children system that may have been now we can look at solutions
poverty, and regional security. not only for the Nile River but shower? How many times a constructed decades previous, evident and possible through
The UN Environment Pro- also for all the other multi-state day do you flush the toilets? sporadically maintained or im- planning with water.
gramme (UNEP), in cooperation and trans-national watersheds Do you leave the water on proved, and in need of a major Peter Neill is founder and
with the Nile Basin Initiative, around the world that could when you brush your teeth or overhaul or modernization. Fi- director of the World Ocean
with support by the Swedish In- benefit from a similar under- wash your dishes? These are all nally, this information can pro- Observatory. The Australian
ternational Development Agen- standing of the hydraulic reality typical points where each of us vide the data required to make Water Partnership (AWP) is an
cy, retained the Danish Hydrau- on which their future viability loses the value of water down management and financial de- Australian Government devel-
lic Institute (DHI), to gather will depend. For such a system the drain, rarely recycled, cisions, accurately predict and opment initiative enhancing
all available data regarding all to work requires local knowl- mostly wasted. allocate budgets over time, and the sustainable management
activities and needs throughout edge, communication, cooper- If you take this one phenom- provide a schematic for capital of water across the Indo-Pa-
the watershed, to generate from ation, implementation, evalua- enon, add to it theft of water or improvement, investment in cific.
that data a complex hydraulic tion, and further planning and inaccurate metering, or free new technologies, a model for
model through which to mod- action - all bringing together use for fire-fighting and other a better system with far great- @WaterPartnersAU

60 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


9th World Renewable Energy Technology
Congress & Expo-2018
August 21-23, New Delhi, India
The event included interactive panel discussions on ‘Sustainable Energy Options:
Energy-Water-Food Nexus’, and ‘RE - Clean Water for Sustainable Development
Solar Pumps - Ground Water Extraction’.

Group Singapore. sized the importance of Global foster partnerships and collab-
Delivering the theme ad- Cooperation for Sustainability orations with local players.
dress, Anil Razdan, Chairman in Renewable Energy Sector. The main features of the res-
Energy And Environment 9th WRETC-2018 confer- olutions adopted at the confer-
Foundation said to ensure ence deliberated various issues ence were:
access to energy mix through related to Renewable Energy &
global cooperation by evolv- Energy Efficiency: Emerging • Smart Grid and Smart me-
ing an integrated strategy for the Future, Mobilizing Invest- tering will facilitate greater
meeting the energy needs of ments for Renewable Energy penetration and manage-
the global citizen and a sus- Projects, Integration of RE in ment of Renewable Energy.
tainable planet. Smart Grid - Rooftop Solar, • Increasing urbanization
KS Popli, CMD of IREDA Energy Storage and Future of make water management
& Co-Chairman of Steering Electric Vehicles, Renewable and waste to energy projects
Committee, WRETC highlight- Energy: Skill Development an imperative.
THE 9TH WORLD Renewable gy Technology Congress. He ed that stepping up of private & Human Capacity Building • Contamination of any wa-
Energy Technology Congress emphasized about the today’s investments and the intro- to meet Future Challenges, ter body or source must be
& Expo-2018 was held from global engagements on ener- duction of new investment Make-in-India: Indigenous So- made a serious offense.
21-23 August 2018 at New gy-water. He said, “I am sure vehicles, such as masala green lar Manufacturing, Fuels of Fu- • To check the excessive ex-
Delhi, India and served as an this event of technology will bonds, and crowd-funding ture: Biofuels, Hydrogen, New traction of groundwater,
excellent energy platform for make renewable energy, water have created a positive move- and Emerging Technologies. the mapping of aquifers,
the global renewable energy more attractive particularly for ment in the renewable energy The conference & expo was and their recharge through
industry to address various emerging and growing econo- market across the world. attended by national and in- a transparent institutional-
industry issues including in- mies of our country.” Rajinder Kaura, CMD, Ber- ternational delegates. The ized auditing needs to be
novations, new technologies, The secretary gave away gen Group of Companies said conference brought together enforced speedily.
investment opportunities, and Energy and Environment that the government should leading international and do- • Incentives for investment in
project financing. Foundation Global Excellence take care to create an interface mestic players, policy-makers, the raw and wastewater sec-
U.P. Singh, Secretary Minis- awards 2018 to Dr. Emilio between industry and aca- government officials and tech- tors, along with appropriate
try of Water Resources, River Gabbrielli, Director, Overseas demia for new energy technol- nocrats on a common plat- pricing of water will help its
Development & Ganga Rejuve- Business Development Global ogy forces to rope in renewable form. The concurrent confer- availability and judicious
nation, Government of India Sales Water Treatment at Toray energy. ence sessions were comprised use.
addressed the gathering of Membrane USA Inc., Brazil; Dr. Ajay Mathur, Director of interesting workshops, • Water harvesting, conserva-
delegates attending the 3-day and KR Raghunath, Founder General, The Energy and Re- interactive panel discussions tion and recycling measures
9th World Renewable Ener- & Managing Director at KIS sources Institute & Chairman on “Sustainable Energy Op- must be given due emphasis
Steering Committee, WRETC tions: Energy - Water - Food right from the lowest rungs
gave away welcome address Nexus”, “RE - Clean Water of urban and rural gover-
and said we have to find sup- for Sustainable Development nance.
porting technologies that can Solar Pumps - Ground Water • Water treatment based on
help us to move low cost re- Extraction” and Workshop on natural materials should be
newable energy as and when “Make-in-India: Indigenous duly recognized.
we needed through the grid Solar Manufacturing”. The The next edition of WRETC
and off-grid solutions. conference had served as an for the global green renewable
Dr. Anil K Garg, President, important gateway for world- energy and water communi-
World Renewable Energy wide new energy companies ties will be in New Delhi, India
Technology Congress empha- to access the Indian market to from 21-23 August 2019.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 61


Product Training Partner Summit 2018 by
Bentley Institute
September 14, Bengaluru, India
The objective of this event was to establish a knowledge-sharing platform to
apprise the authorized Product Training Partners about Bentley Institute’s vision,
upcoming plans, current industry trends and opportunities to enable Bentley
Institute and its stakeholders align their growth paths.

Bentley for civil structures, air- research partnerships. Learn-

ports, tunnels, culverts, tanks, ing is provided online, in the
bridges, buildings, and plants. classroom, or in-application,
He further explained the op- and includes publications,
portunities which ‘Product webinars, workflow videos,
Training Partners’ can leverage live and on-demand courses,
from such a diverse portfolio. conferences and events, and
M Rajathurai, Senior Ser- more. The Bentley Institute ad-
vices Manager, User Success vances project delivery and as-
at Bentley Systems presented set performance best practices
use cases on how Bentley’s through Advancement Acade-
CONNECT Edition is helping mies, partnering with leading
industry partners in ‘Going industry organizations, project
Digital’ and advancing their delivery firms, and owner-op-
workflows. He also highlight- erators.
Product Training Partner Event ed the new capabilities of Bentley is a global leader
tools. Our Product Training CONNECT Edition which will dedicated to providing engi-
BENTLEY INSTITUTE RE- ous facets of Bentley Institute Partner Program offered by help advance team productivi- neers, architects, geospatial
CENTLY organized its first and the variety of programs Bentley Institute enables them ty and efficiency. He conclud- professionals, constructors,
ever Product Training Partner offered by the Institute to help to achieve it”. ed the talk with the solutions and owner-operators with com-
Summit 2018 on September the existing and future indus- Rishabh Tandon, Manag- offered by Bentley Systems prehensive software solutions
14 in Bengaluru, India. try professionals advance in er, Product Training Partner for implementing better infra- for advancing infrastructure.
The objective of this sum- their infrastructure careers. Program, Bentley Institute in- structure outcomes, especially Founded in 1984, Bentley has
mit was to establish a knowl- He also stressed on the effects formed the audience about the in road and rail projects. more than 3,500 colleagues
edge-sharing platform to ap- and solutions of the existing program vision and the way The Bentley Institute ad- in over 50 countries and is
prise the authorized Product skill gap in the infrastructure forward. vances the infrastructure on track to surpass an annual
Training Partners about Bent- industry and potential solu- Sudipto Goswami, Director, professions by empowering revenue run rate of USD 700
ley Institute’s vision, upcom- tions and avenues available for Bentley Institute Press, shared practitioners, students, and million. Since 2012, Bentley
ing plans, current industry up-skilling of talent. inputs about the various con- academic institutions through has invested more than USD
trends and opportunities to Vinayak Trivedi expressed, tent initiatives for training the continuous learning, scholar- 1 billion in research, develop-
enable Bentley Institute and “In the current scenario, the fo- industry professionals and ships, internships, and applied ment, and acquisitions.
its stakeholders align their cus of the infrastructure indus- briefed about the Building
growth paths. try professionals is to execute Information Modeling (BIM)
Bentley Institute’s Product projects within a limited time fundamental course & assess-
Training Partners from India, in a cost-effective manner, ments.
Middle East, and South East without losing focus on digita- The Summit also hosted
Asia attended the Summit. lization. For existing industry technology experts like Sajit
Vinayak Trivedi, Vice Presi- professionals and future pro- Nair, Director Product Man-
dent, Global Head, Bentley fessionals to be employable, agement, Bentley Systems,
Institute delivered the keynote it is important for them to who shared insights on the
speech about ‘Going Digital’ upskill their knowledge with critical need for developing
with Bentley’s technology, in- practical experience of using sustainable infrastructure
troduced the audience to vari- cutting-edge technologies and and the solutions offered by

62 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Municipalika 2018
September 19-21, Mumbai, India
The three-in-one event was focused on Future Cities with CAPEx and IIPM.

ties with Indian businesses in strategies, best practices, and tive session between citizens
the infrastructure and smart display of technologies, equip- and government for joint ac-
cities sector 28 leading Cana- ment and solutions for imple- tions in improving our cities.
dian urban infrastructure, In- menting these agendas across There was an Annual Meet
ternet of Things and Artificial the country including ease of organized by All India Council
Intelligence companies visited doing business. of Mayors, where Mayors from
Municipalika. The mission The Smart Cities Conclave across the country participat-
was organized by the Canadi- had participation from several ed.
an Trade Commissioner Ser- Smart City CEOs, industry ex- CAPEX - Construction, Ar-
vice (TCS) of Global Affairs perts and technology provid- chitecture, Planning and Engi-
Canada, in collaboration with ers - dealing with challenges neering Expo, was a platform
the Government of Ontario, and opportunities arising out for showcasing innovative
the Government of British of the Smart Cities Mission. building materials and tech-
Columbia, the Government There was a special session on nologies. The expo provided
of Alberta, Air Canada, and Fire and Public Safety, which opportunities to project the
the Indo-Canadian Business had the participation of Chief needs of infrastructure, build-
Dignitaries at the Inaugural Ceremony of Municipalika 2018: G Ibra- Chamber. Fire Officers, fire engineers ing construction and architec-
him, Executive Director, Good Governance India Foundation; V Suresh, Nadir Patel said, “Canada and professional institutions ture and providers of mechan-
President, Good Governance India Foundation & Former CMD, HUDCO; is globally recognized for its deliberating about the fire ical, electrical, plumbing and
Divya Kush, President, Indian Institute of Architects; H.E. Nadir Patel, excellence in urban infrastruc- regulations for all types of fire services (MEPF), green
High Commissioner of Canada in India; Mahendra Jain, IAS, Additional ture and smart cities which buildings and their enforce- building products, building
Chief Secretary, Urban Development Department, State Government includes high-level project ment in-line with the National materials and technologies
of Karnataka; and Sanjiv Agarwal, Founder Chairman, Good Gover- management, specialized tech- Building Code of India. which are environment-friend-
nance India Foundation and Editor & Publisher, Urban News Digest nical skills and for developing The three-day long confer- ly and energy saving.
environmentally friendly tech- ence also included sessions The Decision Maker’s Con-
THE 15TH MUNICIPALIKA bodies, CEOs of Smart Cities nological solutions combined on Resilient and Secure Cities, clave, a special Buyer-Seller
Exhibition & Conference was and parastatals, along with with innovative design. This is Healthy Cities, Green Cities, meet, provided the opportu-
recently organized in Mumbai technology providers, profes- a great opportunity for Cana- Connected Cities, Digital Cit- nity for solution providers
aimed at being a 360-degree sionals, and all urban stake- dian companies to learn about ies and on Integrated Cities to meet architects, builders,
event on city development, holders. Faculty and students the exciting developments and for self-contained cities. The green building consultants,
with the addition of Construc- of architecture, engineering, plans for transformation in In- Humane Cities session delib- EPC project heads and mate-
tion, Architecture & Planning technology, and management dia’s urban infrastructure and erated on the Housing For All rial procurement heads from
Exhibition (CAPEx) and India institutions participated to get smart cities. I look forward Agenda, progress achieved large corporations.
International Property Mart exposure on the latest trends. to further collaboration to and the path forward for The event was organized
(IIPM) - the first of its kind The 15th Municipalika 2018 support India in achieving its achieving the goal by 2022. with JLL as the Knowledge
B2B forum for real estate. provided a networking forum smart cities objectives.” Municipalika 2018 also Partner. JLL co-curated the ses-
The three-in-one interna- for governments, experts, Rajasthan was its Partner hosted a session on Participa- sions with Good Governance
tional conference and exhibi- entrepreneurs, and service State this year, continuing a tive Cities which is an interac- India Foundation.
tion at the Bombay Exhibition providers to collectively find partnership of last few years,
Centre was organized under solutions to urban challenges. to showcase all the excellent
the banner of ‘Future Cities’ - It also provided a platform to urban and housing initiatives
an exposition of technologies, evolve, evaluate and share pol- in the state. Karnataka, Kerala,
products, and services for ur- icies, strategies, cutting-edge Assam, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu,
ban development. technologies and innovations Maharashtra, Uttarakhand,
Around 200 delegates par- towards smart and sustainable Goa, were also represented in a
ticipated in the conference living in cities. big way, as are 20 more states.
segment, from over 300 Indian Canada, the Partner Coun- With the ongoing Urban
cities and towns and abroad try, brought an array of tech- Transformation process for
and professional visitors in the nological best practices for 100 Smart Cities, 500 AMRUT
exhibition segment, including possible use in India’s city Cities, PMAY-Housing for All,
ministers, mayors, municipal development missions. To ex- Swachh Bharat Mission, the
commissioners, urban local plore collaboration opportuni- event aimed at discussing

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 63


BASF and NMMC Collaborate on Safe Water

and Sanitation Project in Navi Mumbai
o Innovative social business model in Turbhe will offer affordable drinking water
to 10,000 people
o BASF’s ultrafiltration solution in Water ATM purifies groundwater recharged
through rainwater
o The landmark project will also establish a sanitation facility and social business
for women’s hygiene solution

Students and Community Representatives Enjoy Water from the Water ATM

drinking water to the residents Multibore® fibers made from

of Turbhe Store.” PESm - a modified Polyether-
Dr. Ramaswami N. (IAS), sulfone - in an In-to-Out filtra-
NMMC Commissioner said, tion process. Extremely tiny
“This project is a great example pores of only 20 nanometers
of how innovative chemistry diameter inside the mem-
Raman Ramachandran (left), Managing Director of BASF India Ltd and Head South Asia, Along with Other Dignitaries can enable simple and cost-ef- branes provide a secure bar-
Presenting the First Water Can to Beneficiaries at NMMC School No. 22 in Turbhe Under the BASF Landmark Project. fective technologies to offer rier against suspended solids,
clean water and sanitation fa- viruses and other microorgan-
OVER 10,000 CITIZENS Navi Mumbai by the Honor- and is purified using innova- cilities. We are glad that com- isms and let only pure water
from Turbhe, a suburb of Navi able NMMC Mayor Jayawant tive technologies including an panies like BASF are taking pass.
Mumbai, will now have access Dattatray Sutar, along with ultrafiltration solution from the lead in providing solutions Under its next phase, the
to clean and affordable drink- Dr. N. Ramaswami, Commis- BASF. The facilities are located and encouraging such partner- Landmark Project will inte-
ing water through the “Land- sioner, NMMC and Dr. Raman at Bharat Ratna Dr. Babasaheb ships.” grate community management
mark Project”, a water and Ramachandran, Chairman Ambedkar Vidyalaya School Dr. Raman Ramachandran, for safe and affordable sanita-
sanitation initiative by BASF, and Managing Director, BASF No. 22, Turbhe Store. Creat- Chairman, and Managing Di- tion with the refurbishment of
with the support of the Navi India and Head, BASF South ing a revenue stream from the rector, BASF India Limited existing public toilet near the
Mumbai Municipal Corpora- Asia, as well as other dignitar- water ATM will help ensure its and Head, BASF South Asia school, as well as the establish-
tion (NMMC). The concept for ies from BASF and NMMC. long-term viability, ensuring said, “Clean drinking water ment of a project for women’s
the Landmark Project was first The Landmark Project was continuing funds for mainte- can consume almost 15% of hygiene near the toilet.
developed through a series of set up by BASF on land pro- nance of the water ATM and the income of Mumbai slum The Landmark Project is
social dialog sessions in Mum- vided by NMMC, and after rainwater harvesting system. residents, meaning that they being implemented in coop-
bai during BASF’s 150th anni- two years will be handed over, Jayawant Dattatray Sutar, must often rely on an unsafe eration with a group of expert
versary activities in 2015 and to be owned and operated by Honorable NMMC Mayor water supply. Thanks to the partners.
has now come to fruition in an a local community-based or- said, “As a planned urban cen- critical support of NMMC, this WaterLife India designed
innovative, community-based ganization. It represents a ho- ter, Navi Mumbai has seen project can now offer access and constructed the water
social business model. listic approach to water and tremendous growth in the last to affordable, clean drinking ATM and will run it for 10
In the first phase of the sanitation. The solar powered, few years and it is our duty to water. This is a good example years using BASF ultrafiltra-
Landmark Project, a rainwa- cashless water ATM will dis- offer holistic and sustainable of how we ‘create chemistry’ to tion technologies, while STEP,
ter harvesting plant and a pense potable drinking water services that elevate living develop sustainable business an organization which pro-
smartcard-based community at just Rs. 8 per 20 liters when standards of our citizens. I am models and communities.” vides environmental engineer-
water treatment plant, com- accessed with a debit card. very happy to see this joint ef- inge®, BASF’s brand of ultra- ing expertise, is the implemen-
monly referred to as a “Water Uniquely, water is harvested fort between the NMMC and filtration membranes, utilizes tation partner for the overall
ATM”, were introduced in from rain and other sources BASF, which will offer clean patented and highly robust project.

64 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD


Maharashtra to Implement Rally for Rivers

Policy Recommendations to Revitalize
Yavatmal’s Waghari river
The project will focus on supporting farmers with community micro-irrigation,
tree-based agriculture, Farm Producer Organizations (FPOs), market development
and crop diversification.

sorb more rainfall, increasing

groundwater availability. The
increased water absorption
reduces flood risk after heavy
rainfall and increases water We want to
availability during drought.
The Waghari river is a trib- establish this
utary of Godavari and flows as a model for
through Yavatmal district, sustainable
where farmer distress has
been acute in the last few de- agriculture
cades. Farmers have been fac- leading to
ing water shortages, soil infer- robust economic
tility, and crop failure, leading
to many suicides. Successful progress and river
implementation of the proj- revitalization. A
ect could reverse the fortunes model that can
of farmers in the region and
could become the first step in be replicated
Chief Minister Devendra Fad- market access and crop re- of India’s painful farmer sui- revolutionizing agricultural large scale across
navis with Finance and Forest turns while reducing farming cide story.” practices across Maharash- the nation for the
Minister Sudhir Munganti- costs. Value-added industries The Rally for Rivers policy tra and India. Sadhguru said,
war and Agriculture Minister are expected to increase em- is considered unique because “We want to establish this as well-being of all.
Chandrakant Patil, recently ployment opportunities. The it addresses farmer economic a model for sustainable agri- - Sadhguru
met Sadhguru, Founder, Isha project, to be implemented benefits and ecological revital- culture leading to robust eco-
Foundation and the Rally for over the next five years, will ization of rivers simultaneous- nomic progress and river re- of the government and Rally
Rivers team, to review and give provide economic stability for ly without pitting economic vitalization. A model that can for Rivers and said, “the Yavat-
in-principle agreement to the farmers, landless laborers, and development against ecologic be replicated large scale across mal River Rejuvenation proj-
Rally for Rivers Detailed Proj- forest communities and will preservation or vice-versa. the nation for the well-being ect should be made a model
ect Report (DPR) for the revi- restore water bodies in the wa- Shifting to tree-based agri- of all.” for the entire country.” A tweet
talization of the Waghari River ter-stressed region. culture will increase farmer While Sadhguru offered his from the Maharashtra CMO
in Yavatmal. A Special Purpose Sadhguru said, “In less than income and enhance soil fer- congratulations to “the chief said that the CM had “princi-
Vehicle will be formed to exe- a year since Rally for Rivers tility as the organic material minister, forest minister and pally approved the DPR and
cute the project with maximum awareness generation phase shed by trees enriches the soil. their team of bureaucrats,” the asked to form SPV for imple-
efficiency. The meeting was culminated, Maharashtra gov- Tree roots also help the soil ab- Governor lauded the initiative mentation.”
chaired by Governor Vidy- ernment has shown extraordi-
asagar Rao at Raj Bhavan in nary commitment & interest
Mumbai. Secretaries of various in revitalizing the state’s rivers Rally for Rivers
departments were also present. through plantation on riparian Sadhguru had launched the Rally for Rivers campaign in September 2017. Personally driving
The project will focus on lands. It’s heartening to see the through 16 states, Sadhguru covered 9300 km in 30 days holding 146 events across India to high-
supporting farmers with speed and commitment with light the dire state of India’s rivers. The rally was supported by 16.2 crore people. Sadhguru pre-
community micro-irriga- which the chief minister and sented a draft policy on river revitalization to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2 at the
tion, tree-based agriculture, forest minister of Maharash- culmination of the Rally. The Maharashtra government was the first of six governments to sign an
Farm Producer Organizations tra have approved the detailed MoU for river revival with Rally for Rivers. The United Nations has also been examining the Rally for
(FPOs), market development project report for the revital- Rivers policy as a model for implementation in tropical countries across the world. Rally for Rivers
and crop diversification. The ization of Waghari river in Ya- is also part of the United Nations’ Decade of Action for Water.
aim is to increase farmers’ vatmal which is the epicenter

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD October, 2018 65


Landia Wins New Wastewater Mixer and

Pump Contract in Emerging Jordan City
The engineers in Jordan wanted to optimize the entire mixing operation and see a
proven history of longevity and reliability in the equipment supplied.

Offering a lifetime guarantee

on our stainless-steel propel-
lers shows that we can stand
by the proven worldwide track
record of our pumps and mix-
Expansion of the Aqaba fa-
cility, featuring a new 12,000
m3/day mechanical wastewa-
ter treatment plant, also in-
cludes systems for reclaimed
urban and agricultural water
- as well as a new flow-splitter
to separate influent from the
mechanical plant and natural
Landia was founded in
1933, and now it has 80 years’
experience in producing cus-
tomized products of high qual-
ity. Today, Landia is one of the
world’s leading manufacturers
of Chopper Pumps, Propeller
Mixers, Aeration Systems, and
Advanced Process Equipment.
Landia supplies pumping and
mixing solutions to different
Aqaba in Southern Jordan (Photo Courtesy of Kempinski Hotel Aqaba Red Sea) industries, with the most im-
portant ones being agriculture,
LANDIA FLOWMAKERS - construction of new hotels and Sea, the expanding Wastewater Thorkild Maagaard, Export wastewater, biogas plants, and
WITH a Lifetime Propeller resorts on its way to becoming Treatment Plant will also see Sales Director at Landia, com- the fish industry. Its headquar-
Guarantee - have been sup- an important tourist destina- the installation of long-lasting mented: “We are very proud to ters are located in Lem. Today,
plied by Landia in North Aqa- tion. submersible mixers and recir- be working in Jordan, where Landia has subsidiaries in
ba - a city in the kingdom of Situated in the far south- culation pumps from Landia. engineers have a firm belief England, Germany, Norway
Jordan that is experiencing a west of the country, close to Working in close conjunc- and vision in creating a facility and the US, and a sales office
rapid growth due to extensive the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red tion with its local partner, that is designed and built with in China. In addition, Landia
Modern Industrial Services, robust, efficient equipment products are sold in 45 coun-
Landia has provided a total that will stand the test of time. tries worldwide.
of 23 units - actually decreas-
ing the number of mixers in
the plant’s anoxic tanks from
sixteen to eight - thus signifi-
cantly reducing installation
and ongoing operational costs
for many years to come. This
saving was a direct result of
Landia’s detailed discussions
with engineers in Jordan, who
wanted to optimize the entire
mixing operation and see a
proven history of longevity
Early Construction in North Aqaba, Jordan, where Landia Flowmakers are to and reliability in the equip- Landia Flowmakers with a Lifetime Propeller Guarantee are Being Installed in
be Installed. ment supplied. the Kingdom of Jordan.

66 October, 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Making Every Drop Count

Water is the Elixir of Life. We at L&T Construction value the Over 20 million people in India have benefited from our water
importance of water and are creating world class infrastructure in infrastructure projects. With an experience of over 57,000 KM of
India and abroad. water and waste water pipeline networks and more than 4000 MLD
of water, waste water and effluent treatment plants, we are India’s
We provide turnkey EPC services for Municipal, Industrial and
largest water infrastructure company.
Agriculture sectors with focus on:-
• Urban and rural water supply and treatment From the high caliber engineers at our Engineering Design &
• Municipal waste water network and treatment Research Centre to experienced project managers on the field, we
have a team with full complement of skills to provide complete
• Industrial water systems and effluent treatment plants
solutions for building defining water infrastructure.
• Irrigation networks and canal lining / rehabilitation
• Desalination plants
• Water management

L&T Construction-Water & Effluent Treatment

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