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TUGAS MAKALAH

KEPERAWATAN ANAK

“KEKURANGAN KALORI PROTEIN”

DOSEN PENGAMPU

Ibu Ethic Palupi, S. Kep., Na., MNS

KELOMPOK 8

Bernadeta Kristanti (1703009)

Novarini Daniel (1703028)

Rizky Julian Sitorus (1703033)

PROGRAM STUDI SARJANA KEPERAWATAN
SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN BETHESDA YAKKUM
YOGYAKARTA
2018
Daftar Isi

Daftar Isi.................................................................................................................... i

Kata Pengantar ........................................................................................................... ii

BAB I Pendahuluan

A. Latar Belakang ............................................................................................... 1

B. Rumusan Masalah .......................................................................................... 3

C. Manfaat ......................................................................................................... 3

BAB II Pembahasan

A. Pengertian Gizi ............................................................................................... 4

B. Ruang Lingkup Gizi ....................................................................................... 5

C. Perkembangan Ilmu Gizi................................................................................ 6

1. Karbohidrat.............................................................................................. 7

2. Lemak ..................................................................................................... 10

3. Vitamin. ................................................................................................... 15

4. Mineral. ................................................................................................... 25

D. Gizi Bayi ........................................................................................................ 34

E. Gizi Anak ....................................................................................................... 37

F. Kekurangan Kalori Protein. ........................................................................... 41

G. Pengaruh KKP Terhadap Organ..................................................................... 44

H. Diagnosis KKP. .............................................................................................. 47
I. Penilaian Atropometri. ................................................................................... 49

J. Klasifikasi KKP. ............................................................................................ 50

1. Kwarshiorkor............................................................................................ 50

2. Marasmus ................................................................................................. 52

3. Marasmik-Kwarshiorkor……………………………………………….. 54

K. Penanganan KKP berat…………………………………………………… 54

L. Rehabilitasi pasien KKP………………………………………………….. 58

M. Kriteria Sembuh pasien KKP. …………………………………………….. 60

1. Kegagalan terapi KKP ………………………………………………60

2. Kekurangan Vitamin dan Mineral…………………………………….. 61

BAB III KONSEP KEPERAWATAN

A. Pengkajian…………………………………................................................. 75

B. Diagnosis Keperawatan……………………………………………………. 80

C. Intervensi Keperawatan……………………………………………………. 81

BAB IV Penutup

A. Kesimpulan .................................................................................................... 85

B. Saran ............................................................................................................... 87

Daftar Pustaka