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1.

According to calorie theory heat is a sort of invisible

(A) Light (B) Mass c) fluid (D) Energy

2. Heat Is a form of energy that flow from one body to an other due to difference in___________.

a) mass b) temperature c) volume d) nature.

3. The S. I. unit of heat is:

a)joule (B) watt (C) ampere (D) volt.

4. In c. g.s system the unit of heat is :

a) joule b) BTU c)Kg/s d) calorie

5. 1 calorie = ______________ joule:

(A) 4. 2 (B) 3. 9 (C) 2. 4 (D) 4. 6

6. The branch of physics which deals with the measurement of heat and temperature is called

. (A) Nuclear physics (B) Mechanics (C) Plasma (D) Thermometry

7. hotness or coldness of a object is expressed in term of a quantity is called____________.

(A) Energy (B) power (C) Density (D) Temperature

8. Property of a substance which changes uniformly with the change of temperature is called

(A) Thermometric property (B) Entropy

(C) Coefficient of linear Exp. (D) None of these

9. The device which used in the measurement temperature is called_____________

a) ammeter b)Galvanometer c)Thermometer d) Avometer

10. There are __________scales of temperature.. ."

a)two (B) three (C) one (D) five

11. 1 joule =___________scales of temperature.

a)1 kgm-3 b)1 j.s c)1Nm d) 1 N.s

12. Generally thermometers make use of the fact that most of the liquid__________ on heating

(A) Evaporate (B) Compress (C) Both Aand B (D) Expand

13. 0n Fahrenheit scale boiling point of water is taken as

a)00F b) 1800F c)2120F d) 1040F

14. 0n Fahrenheit scale melting point of ice is taken as:

a) 00F b) 320F (C) 2120F (D) 1040F

15. 0n Celsius scale boiling point of water is taken as


a) 00C b) 1000C (C) 320C (D)2730C

1 6. 0n Celsius scale melting point of ice is taken as:

a) 00C b) 1000C (C) 320C (D)2730C 17.

17. 0n Kelvin scale the boiling point of water is taken as:

(A) 433 k (B) 273 k (C) 383 k (D) 373 k

18. On Kelvin scale the melting paint of ice is

(A) 173k (B) 73k (C) 273k (D)370k

1 9. The relation between Celsius and Fahrenheit is:

a) C = 5/6(F-32) b) C = 7/5(F-32) (C) C = 5/9(F-32) (D) C = 273 + F

20. The relation between C and K is:

a) C = K+237 b) K = C+273 c) C = 273+K d) K = 9/5(C+273)

21. The boiling point of mercury is:

(A) 3570C (B) 100°C (C) 457°C (D) 273°C

22. The freezing point of mercury is

(A) 400C (B) 0°C (C) -100C (D)-390C

23. The absolute zero of the temperature is defined as:

(A) -1730C (B) 0°C (C) -2730C (D)00F

24. The change in size on heating is called:

(A) Expersion (B)Electrical Expansion (C) Therma Expansion (D) N.O.T

25. The expansion in length due to provides of heat is called :

(A) Cubical expansion (B) Linear expansion (C) Thermal expansion (D)Area expansion

26. The increase in length per unit length per Kelvin is called:

A) Coefficient of friction (B) Coefficient of linear expansion

(C) Coefficient of force (D) Coefficient of volume expansion

27. The coefficient of linear expansion is represented by

(A) β (B) µ (C) α (D) ᴕ

28. The S. I. unit of α is:

(A) K (B) J/K (C) 1/k (D) Kg/m


29. The α = is given by equation:

L L 1 L   T L 1
a)    T b)    c)   d)   
T T T L L T

30. Expansion in volume due to supply of heat is known as

(A) Thermal expansion (B) Volume expansion

(C) Linear expansion (D) Area expansion

31. Increase in volume per unit volume per Kelvin is called

(A) Coefficient of volume expansion (B) Coefficient of force

(C) Density (D) Surface tension

32. The coefficient of volume expansion is represented by:

a)  b)  c)  d) 

33. The unit (S. l.) Of  is

a)1/K b) J/K c) Kg/K d) J.S

34. The relation between  and  is:

  
a)   b)   c)   3 d)  
3 3 2
35. Heat is not being exchanged In a body. if its internal energy Is increased, then

(a) it’s temperature is increased, then (b)it’s temperature will decrease

c) it’s temperature will remains constant d)NOT

37. In a thermodynamic system, working substance is ideal gas, its Internal energy is in the form of

(a) Kinetic energy only (b) Kinetic energy & potential and energy

(c) potential and energy (d) NOT

38. The work done in which of the following processes is zero?

(a) isothermal process (b) Adiabatic process (c) isochoric process (d) NOT

39. The work done in which of the following process is equal to the change ln internal energy of the
system?

(a) Adiabatic process (b) isothermal process (c) isochoric process (d) N. O. T

40. if the door of a refrigerator ls kept open, then which of the following is true?

(a) Room is cooled (b) room is heated


(c) Room is either cooled or heated d) Room is neither cooled nor heated

41. According to Boyle's law at constant temperature the volume of a given mass of n gas ls Inversely
proportional to _________

a) Density b) Applied pressure (C) Size ( D) Color

42. The equation of Boyles law is

a)PV=Constant b)P/V= Constant c)V/P= Constant d) P= Constant

43. According to the Charles law “at constant pressure the volume of a gas is proportional to the __

a)density b) viscosity c) surface tension d)absolute temperature

44. The mathematical form of Charlee’s law is

a)VxT = Constant b)V = Constant (c) V/T = constant (D) N. O. T

45."At constant pressure and temperature the number of moles Is proportional Io the volume of the
gas “ This is called

a) Boyle's Law b) Avogadro's Law c) Charles’s law d) Newton’s law

46. General gas law Is derived from

a) Charles’s law b) Boyle's Law b) Avogadro's Law c) Avogadro's Law d) AOT

47. The mathematical form of general gas law is

a) PV = nRT (B) R = nPVT c) PV = nR/T d) P = nVT/R

48. The value general gas constant R is:

J J J J
a) 8.314 b) 8.31 c) 6.83 d) 8.69
mol  k mol  k mol  k mol  k

49. In K. T. of gasses the pressure is give eq:

a) P = F/A b) P =1/3 v 2 c) P = 2/3 v 2 d) NOT


50. In K. T. the average K. E. is given by eq:

a) 3/2 m v 2 = 3/2 KT b) ½ m v 2 = 3/2 RT c) ½ m v 2 = ½ KT d) 1/2 m v 2 = 5/2 KT

(c)'. Bm v · nm (D)Yzm V · 5,'2KT

51."The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1kg of substance through 1 oK" This is
called

a) Thermal expansion b) Coefficient of linear expansion

(C) Both a and b (D) heat capacity


52. The specific heat is denoted by:

a)  b)  c)K d)C

53. The unit of specific heat is:

J J Kg K
a) b) c) d)
NK N K J K J  Kg

54. The specific heat is given by equation:

a) C =

55. The specilic heat of water is

(A) 4200 Kg-K (B) 90D Kg-K (C) 4. 2 A'g-A. (D) 6ao A'X-A'

56. For 100% efficiency of Carnot's engine, temperature of sink should be

(a) Zero Kelvin (b) 0 ° C (c) 273 K (d) 3T3K

57. In which of the following operations, all the three thermodynamical parameters P, V and T
change?

(a) Adiabatic (b) lsolhermal (c) lsochorjc (d) [sobaric

58. Heating of water at atmospheric pressure is covered under the thermodynamic process known
as

(a) lsobaric (b) lsochoric (c) lsoenlropic (d) lsothermal

59. The power of Carnot's engine is

(a) Zero (b) 25 (c) 50 (d) 75

60. First law of thermodynamics can be explained on the basis of

(a) Joule's law (b) Boyle's law (c) Charle's law (d) Avagadra [aw

61. According to the calorie theory heat is present in all bodies in the form of

(a) Molecular Interactions (b) Translatory motions of molecules


(c) Molecular Kfnetic energy (d) A weighltess fluid

62. Calorie is the

(a) Hypothetical weightless fluid (b) imaginary concept of energy

(c) Energy (d) Molecular motion

63. The normal human body temperature is

(a) 212 ° F (b) 100 ° F (c) 98. 4 ° F (d) 37 ° F

64. The temperature at which both Celsius and Fahrenheit scales coincide with each other is

(a) 100 (b) 273 (c)-40 (d) Zero

65. Absolute zero is equivalent to

(a) 100 ° C (b)-460 ° F (c) 0 ° C (d) 273 K

66. Kinetic energy of gas molecule is

33

-RT KT

(a) RT (b) 2 (c) m (c) 2

67. Kinetic energy per mole of ideal gas molecules is

33

-ITT KT

(a) RT (b) 2 (c) KT (d) 2

68. Upon which physical quantity kinetic energy of gas molecules depends.

(a) Number of moles of gas (b) Temperature of gas

(c) Prossure or gas (d) Volume of gas

69. Molecules of which gas, Oxygen or Nitrogen in alr will move fast at some particular temperature.

(a) Molecules af both gases will move with same velocities (b) Oxygen

/ \, Cefltclonl of Volulnelrlc expunnlon Is the


(n) Inlrlrv)lrj Oil]nltry (b) Thrice of Cuefficienl of LInear expansion

(O (】nq rrtlrtj (}f Co · glllcl¢?nl r)f LInear oxpanstr)n (cl) Thermornetric Property

72, Which plly»lcnl qttnrrtlty of nub»lance does nol change with thermal expansion?

(n) Vnlurrln (b) Lor rtjlh (c) Mass (49. In K. T. of gasses the pressure is give eq

50. In K. T. the average K. E. is given by eq

(c)'. Bm v · nm (D)Yzm V · 5,'2KT

51."The amount of heat required to rais the temperature of 1kg of substance through 1 oK"This is
called

(A) Thermal expansion (B) Coeff icient ol linear expansion

(C) Both A and B (D) heat capacity

52. The specilic heat is denoted by

(A) (B) T

53. The unit of specific heat is

(A) L (B, J

N K Kg-K

54. The specific heat is given by equation

(1 x m

''AT Q × AT

55. The specilic heat of water is

(A) 4200 Kg-K (B) 90D Kg-K (C) 4. 2 A'g-A. (D) 6ao A'X-A'

56. For 100% efficiency of Carnot's engine, temperature of sink should be

(a) Zero Kelvin (b) 0 ° C (c) 273 K (d) 3T3K


57. In which of the following operations, all the three thermodynamical parameters P, V and T
change?

(a) Adiabatic (b) lsolhermal (c) lsochorjc (d) [sobaric

58. Heating of water at atmospheric pressure is covered under the thermodynamic process known
as

(a) lsobaric (b) lsochoric (c) lsoenlropic (d) lsothermal

59. The power of Carnot's engine is

(a) Zero (b) 25 (c) 50 (d) 75

60. First law of thermodynamics can be explained on the basis of

(a) Joule's law (b) Boyle's law (c) Charle's law (d) Avagadra [aw

61. According to the calorie theory heat is present in all bodies in the form of

(a) Molecular Interactions (b) Translatory motions of molecules

(c) Molecular Kfnetic energy (d) A weighltess fluid

62. Calorie is the

(a) Hypothetical weightless fluid (b) imaginary concept of energy

(c) Energy (d) Molecular motion

63. The normal human body temperature is

(a) 212 ° F (b) 100 ° F (c) 98. 4 ° F (d) 37 ° F

64. The temperature at which both Celsius and Fahrenheit scales coincide with each other is

(a) 100 (b) 273 (c)-40 (d) Zero

65. Absolute zero is equivalent to

(a) 100 ° C (b)-460 ° F (c) 0 ° C (d) 273 K


66. Kinetic energy of gas molecule is

33

-RT KT

(a) RT (b) 2 (c) m (c) 2

67. Kinetic energy per mole of ideal gas molecules is

33

-ITT KT

(a) RT (b) 2 (c) KT (d) 2

68. Upon which physical quantity kinetic energy of gas molecules depends.

(a) Number of moles of gas (b) Temperature of gas

(c) Prossure or gas (d) Volume of gas

69. Molecules of which gas, Oxygen or Nitrogen in alr will move fast at some particular temperature.

(a) Molecules af both gases will move with same velocities (b) Oxygen

) Densihy

/a, Wlllch lypr?e of »trlpe of rnolnle nre Ueed In Blmela[llc »lrlp

(€ \) [Jifrrtrrn il Cf)-*Jfrloionl ol ltttJrrnilr oxpanslon (b) Dirlorent lengths

(c) Dlfrrlr¢Jf il nlrae (d) Different shapes

/ · \, A Il\ornioraln\ In n Uovlco which Is used

(rl) Io konp IFirj honl IJaw conalortl (b) to isolate the system for surroundings

(O In nJI br)£]tlnn npprlancoe (d) Io keep Ihe temperature constant

{b. Tite qttnnllty oi hunt rotJulrod Io chanda the slate of a substance ls

(n) Molnr npoclrla l1(Tnl (b) r-I(Jnt cap】city (c) Latent heat (d) Specific heat

T{i, Tllri qunntlly nf ftenl ruqulred por clegree rise the temperature of a substance is

(ll) /lf)lnr r;WXlflc l1oat (b) Hoiltcapaclty (c) LatentheaE (U) Specificheat

Tt. Tho qunnllty of hoat required per Uegree rise the temperature of unit mass of a substance is

(n) luloftlr spoctflc Ir[rnl (b) t-toal Capncjjy (c) Latent heat (d) Specific Heat

TO, Tho qlltlnlity of heal roqulred to rise the temperature of 1 Kg of wa ter through 1K, in Joules is

(n) · 1Prj (b) 4200 (C) 4. 2 (d) 42


79. Tho qunn[lty of heat requlrod Io rise the temperature of one mole of an ideal gas at constant
pressure throug

IK ls

(n) CV (b) C (c) 1J (d) CP

00. Tho qunntlty of hent required to rise the temperature of one mote ol an ideal gas at constant
volume through 1 H

(a) CV (b) C (c) 1J (d) CP

81. PVy =

(a) KT (b) mRT (c) Constant (d) RT

82. The graph of Boyles law ls a

(a) Curvo (b) Slope (c) Straight line (d) Hyperbola

83. The graph of Charle's law Is a

(a) Curve (b) Slope (c) Straight line (d) Hyperbola

84, In which process there ls no work done

b) Adiabatic Process

(a) Isolhermal Process

(d) lsochoric Process

(c) lsobarlc Process

85. Work done In an Isobarlc Process ls

(a) pV (b) RAT (c) Pav (d) nAT

86. In which process there ls no change in Internal energy of system, with heat transfer.

(a) Thermal process b) lso-thermal process

(c» isolated process (d) Isochoric process

87. Efflclency of heat engine will be minimum when

(a) Source of sink are kept al thermal equilibrium (b) Sink is kept at 0 ° C

(ci Temperature of source is kept at Infinity. (di Sink is kept at Absolute zero
88. Entropy change of heat engine would be maximum when

(a) Source and sink are kept at thermal equilibrium. (b) Sink is kept at 0 ° C.

(ci Temperature of source ls kept at infinity. (d) Sink is kept at absolute zero.

89. In which process work done ls maximum (b) Isochoric process

(a) Isobaric process (di Adiabatic process

(c) lsolhermal process

90. The internal energy of a system depends upon.

(a) Temperature (b) Entropy (c) Pressure (d) Volume

91. The universal gas constant per molecule is called

(a) Raleigh-Jean's constant (b) Boltzman Constant

(c) Gas constant (d) Stefan's constant

92. 1 Cal J.

(a) 42 (b) 420 (c) 0. 42 (d) 4. 2

93. The difference of Motar specific heat capacity at constant pressure and at constant volume is
equal to the

(a) Avagadro's number (b) Boltzman constant (c) Universal Gas constant (d) N. O. T

94. The machine which works on the principle of Kelvin's statement is

(a) Refrigerator (b) Heat Engine (c) Thermostat (d) Oven

95. The machine which works on the principle of claussius statement is

(a) Refrigerator (b) Heat engine (c) Thermostat (d) Oven

96. There are four rods of same substance and same area of cross action but of diff erent lengths.
When they are

heated through the same range of temperature the linear thermal expansion will be maximum in
(a) 50 m rod (b) loom rod (c) 1. 0m rod (d) 10m rod

97. Increase in length per unit length per degree rise in temperature of aluminum rod of 10m is 24 ×
10-6/c. What

would be the increase in volume per unit volume per degree rise in temperature of a cube of
aluminum of

volume 100m3, when both are heated through the same range of temperature?

(a) 72 x10-6/C (b) 7. 2×10-3PC (c) 24x10-6/c (d) 2. 4×10-31 C

98. Linear thermal expansion does not take place in which of the following

(a) Water (b) Iron stick (c) Glass rod (d) Steel bar

99. Ratio between the coefficient of linear thermal expansion and coeff icient of cubical thermal
expansion is

(a) 1 : 3 (b) 3 : 1

(c) 6 : 2 (d) a and b are correct

100. A fixed mass of a gas is heated at constant volume. Which one of the following will not change?

(a) Average distance between the molecules (b) K. E of the molecules.

(c) Average speed of the molecules (di Frequency of colsions of the molecutes