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Static Awareness: An Insight Into The

Indian States (PUNJAB)

Today, we are discussing the state PUNJAB.


(Punjab is 'land of five rivers')
Granary of India & India's bread-basket

‘Punj’ means five and ‘aab’ means water. Five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi,
Chenab and Jhelum. Only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in
India.Ravi flows partially in Punjab (India), mainly along the international boundary of
India and Pakistan. All these five rivers are tributaries of Indus River. All these five rivers
finally merge into Indus River directly or indirectly and the Indus then terminates into
Arabian Sea near Karachi city in Pakistan. These rivers, including the Indus River are
considered part of Indus Valley River System.

Capital city : Chandigarh

Chief Minister : Sardar Parkash Singh Badal

Governor : Kaptan Singh Solanki


High Court : Punjab and Haryana High Court, Chandigarh

Chief Justice : Shiavax Jal Vazifdar

International Borders : Pakistan to the west- Wagha Border

Number of Districts: 22

Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce

Produce/ Speciality Rank in India


Wheat 3
Infrastructure Facilities** 1
** reference IBEF

National Parks :

Sl.No. Name of National Special Species (if Important Remarks


Park any important)
1 Harike Pattan --- One of largest wetland in
Wetland and Bird north India. It is India’s
Sanctuary major landlocked fish
market of fresh water and a
shelter for a variety of wild
animals.
2 Jhajjar Bachauli home to predators near Anandpur Sahib
Wildlife Sanctuary like leopard, jackal,
etc. Sambars,
barking deer
3 Takhni-Rehmapur Pangolin, Scattered by an area of 382
Wildlife Sanctuary Mongoose, Barking hectares at the hoof of
Deer, Wild Boar, Shivalik Range of
Jackal, Hog Deer Himalayas passing through
Ropar.

Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:


Dams

Sl.No. Dam River Nearest Purpose/Project


City
1. Ranjit Sagar Ravi Pathankot Irrigation+ Hydroelectric+
Dam Flood Control
2. Siswan Dam Siswan Kharar Flood Control+ Irrigation
Khad
3. Jainti Dam Soonk Kharar Flood Control +Irrigation

Rivers

Sl.No. River Remarks


1 Sutlej River originates from Rakshasthal Lake adjacent to Mount
Kailash in Tibet.
2 Beas River Beas River merges with Sutlej Riverat Harike Pattan
situated towards Amritsar
3 Ravi River This river is also the border river of India and Pakistan
and flows in the northern side of Lahore city. famous
Indus civilization, Harappa, and one of its utmost cities
was situated close to the earlier route of this River

Lakes

Sl.No. Lake Located in/near


1 Sukhna Lake Chandigarh
2 Harike Lake Ferozpur
3 Kanjli Lake Kapurthala

Important Power generation plants:

Sl.No. Plant/Project Type/Category


1 Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, Bhatinda Thermal power plant
2 Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Power Plant, Thermal power plant
Ropar
3 Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant, Lehra Mohabbat, Thermal power plant
Bhatinda
4 Ranjit Sagar Dam Hydro power plant
5 Shanan Power House Hydro power plant

Airports:
1. Ludhiana Sahnewal Airport- Ludhiyana
2. Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport- Amritsar
2. Bhatinda Airport- Bhisiana
3. Pathankot Airport- Pathankot

Folk Dances:

1. Bhanghra
2. Giddha Dance
3. Jhummar Dance
4. Dhumall Dance
5. Dhankara Dance

Tribes:
1. Sikh Jats
2. Khatri clans
4. Arora clans
3. Rajput clans

Important Regional Festivals:


Sl.No. Festival Name Remarks
1. Lohri marks the end of winter and for Punjabis
2. Basant Panchami the advent of spring
3. Hola Mohalla a gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles
on the day following the festival of Holi.
4. Baisakhi anniversary of the founding of Khalsa
5. Guru Purbs held in association with the lives of the Sikh Gurus
Gurupurbs celebrated are the birthdays of Guru Nanak and
Guru Govind Singh and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun
Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur.
6. Jor Mela in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh's two sons Zorawar
Singh and Fateh Singh who were buried alive in a brick-
wall
7 Hariballabh Sangeet Mela held in Jalandhar in the memory of the sant-musician,
Swami Hariballabh

Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites:

Sl.No. Monument/Temple/Sites Located Remarks


in
1 Golden Temple(Sri Harmandir Amritsar holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism
Sahib)
2 Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara Sahota built on the site where 300 years ago,
Guru Gobind Singhji's two young
Sahibzadas were entombed alive by
the Mughals
3 Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib Anandpur birthplace of the Khalsa,here Guru
Sahib Gobind Singh baptized 5 sikhs
4 Damadama Sahib Bathinda Guru Gobind Singhji stayed here for 9
months and he worked on the Adi
Granth.
5 Quila Mubarak (Palace) Patiala palace was built by Maharaja Ala
Singh in 1764
6 Jagatjit Palace Kapurthala architecture borrowed from the
famous Fontainebleau and Palace of
Versailles Today,it is run as the Sainik
School and maintained by the Defense
Ministry
7 Jallianwala Bagh(Historical Site) Amritsar On Sunday April 13, 1919, British
Indian Army soldiers, commanded by
Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer,
began shooting at an unarmed
gathering of men, women, and
children without warning.
8 Wagah border Amritsar The lowering of the flags, or the
Beating Retreat ceremony is a daily
military practice that the security
forces of India (Border Security
Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan
Rangers) have jointly followed since
1959

Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:

Sl.No. City Nick Name


1 Amritsar City of Golden Temple, Holy City
2 Patiala Royal City

Sport Stadiums:

Sl.No. Stadium Sport-Purpose City


1 Guru Gobind Singh Stadium multi-purpose Jalandhar
stadium
2 International Hockey Stadium Hockey Mohali
3 Punjab Cricket Association Cricket Mohali
Stadium(Bindra Stadium)

Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:

Sl.No. Name Constituency Ministry


1 Harsimrat Kaur Badal Bhatinda Food Processing Industries.