Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire™ 2.

0

®

Style Help Topic Collection
Parametric Technology Corporation

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6,665,569 B1 16-December-2003 6,625,607 B1 23-September-2003 6,580,428 B1 17-June-2003 GB2354684B 02-July-2003 GB2384125 15-October-2003 GB2354096 12-November-2003 6,608,623 B1 19 August 2003 GB2353376 05-November-2003 GB2354686 15-October-2003 6,545,671 B1 08-April-2003 GB2354685B 18-June-2003 6,608,623 B1 19 August 2003 6,473,673 B1 29-October-2002 GB2354683B 04-June-2003 6,447,223 B1 10-Sept-2002 6,308,144 23-October-2001 5,680,523 21-October-1997 5,838,331 17-November-1998 4,956,771 11-September-1990 5,058,000 15-October-1991 5,140,321 18-August-1992 5,423,023 05-June-1990 4,310,615 4,310,614 4,310,614 5,297,053 5,513,316 5,689,711 5,506,950 5,428,772 5,850,535 5,557,176 5,561,747 21-December-1998 30-April-1996 22-April-1999 22-March-1994 30-April-1996 18-November-1997 09-April-1996 27-June-1995 15-December-1998 09-November-1996 01-October-1996

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........................................................................................... 8 To Build Four Curves ............................................... 1 Using Style ...........................................................................11 To Connect the Free Curves to the Surface ..................................... 1 Style Toolbar.......................................................................................................13 To Create Normal Tangency ... 3 Style Commands on Other Menus ...................................................16 To Redefine the Style Feature............................................................................................................................................................Table Of Contents Style...................................................................................................................................................22 i ...................................................................................... 2 Style Quickbar...........................12 Understanding Updates........................................................... 3 Styling Menu .......................................................................20 To Create a COS by Drop ...20 Create the Remaining Curves ................................................................... 1 Tutorials ................................21 To Create the Curve for the Blister .....................................................................................16 Creating Curves and Surfaces............................................................................... 4 Shortcut Menus ............................... 2 Style Analysis Quickbar ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................21 To Create the Bottom Curve ............................................................13 To Connect the Style Surface to the Pro/ENGINEER Surface...18 To Open the Start Part.......10 To Build a Surface..................................... 7 Overview of Modeling Techniques ...................................................................................... 5 Four-View Layout...................................................................................................................................................................................................14 To Exit the Style Feature................................................18 Create Curves on the Model ...................................................................... 8 Displaying Points ....................... 1 Overview of the Style User Interface ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1 An Overview of the Style Tutorials ....................................................................................................................

...................................23 To Create the Surfaces ..........................................................................................................50 Make Another Change to the Phone Model...........25 About Curve to Curve Connections ..........................41 To Create a Fillet Surface from the Dropped Curves....................................................................................................33 To Begin the Exercise ..................................................34 To Redefine a Feature Proportionally ..................35 To Make Proportional Updates to the Rest of the Model ............................53 Make a Third Change to the Phone ............29 Redefining Surfaces .................................................................29 To Create a Curve to Redefine a Surface ...........50 To Understand Resolve ..........29 To Redefine the Boundary References of the Surface ...................................................................................................................................45 To Trim the Fillet Surface ...................................................................24 Understanding Connections..............39 To Drop the Profile Curves onto the Surfaces ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................27 To Make Style Surface Connections ..........................................48 Using the Internal Resolve Mode..............................................Table Of Contents Create Surfaces and Change Connections.....................................25 To Redefine the Free Curves ..........27 About Normal Connections ................................................................................28 Making Further Modifications .................................................42 To Add Detail to the Surfaces using COS ..........................................................................................................................................45 To Create COSs .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................31 To Add Internal Curves to the Surface ........26 About Surface Connections ........................................31 Add the Internal Curve to the Surface.....................................................................55 ii ........................................................................................................................................38 Creating Curves on Surfaces (COSs) .......23 To Break the Default Surface Connections ...............................23 Make a Solid Cut with the Style Quilt ..............................................................32 Using Proportional Update.................39 To Create the Curve Profiles ......................

..............................69 Info Menu......................68 View Menu.........................................................................................................................................................................................68 Analysis Menu ......................................................74 iii .....................................................................................................74 To Enable Snapping ......................................................................................................................................................................................65 About Multiple Views ........................................................................70 Style Toolbars .......................................................56 To Connect the Curves to the Surfaces ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................62 User Interface ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................55 Using Style with Reference Data ........72 Enabling the ALT Key ..62 Part 3: Facet Data..............................................................58 To Create Surfaces.......................57 Tangent Edge Connection........................58 Part 2: Scan Data ..................................67 To Exit Style ...............................................................................................72 Modifier Keys ....................................................................................66 To Start Style..........................................................................59 Analyze the Data ........................70 Style Toolbar....................................................................................................................................57 Surface Tangent Connection ....67 Styling Menu...73 About Snapping in Style ...............................................74 About Snapping................71 To Customize the Style Toolbars ................................................................................................................................62 Redefine the Feature .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Table Of Contents Other Options on the Resolve Dialog Box ..........................................................................................................................70 Style Quickbar.........................67 Edit Menu .........................56 Part 1: Freeform Blending between Pro/ENGINEER Features ...............................................................................................65 About Style Features........................71 Shortcut Menus ...................................................................................................................

..............80 To Reset a View...............................................................................................................................................75 Views and Datum Planes .......................................80 To Create an Internal Datum Plane ....81 Example: Internal Datum Plane Through a Blend Section ....74 Setting Preferences ....................................82 About Defining Points for Curves..................................................................75 To Display Surface Mesh..................................................................................................77 To Set the Active Plane.......................................75 To Set Style Preferences...................85 iv ...................................84 Interpolation Points ..............78 To Show All Views.84 Fixed Points ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................84 Editing Control Points ...........76 About Setting the Active Plane Orientation .......................................................................................................................78 Example: Four-View Display..............................................................................................................................................81 Curves ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................79 To Show the Next View ................................................................................................................................................................................................................83 Soft-Points........................................................................................................82 About Creating Curves in Style .....78 To Set a View to the Active Plane Orientation ..............................................................................................................................................................80 About Creating Datum Planes .......................................76 About Selective Display of Entities ..................74 Enable Snap With the SHIFT Key.................84 Point Types....................................................................................................78 To Resize the Panes in a Four-View Display ......81 Example: Internal Datum Plane Offset from a Datum Plane .............................................76 About Multiple Views ...............................................Table Of Contents Enable Snap With a Menu Option ............80 About Modifying and Regenerating Internal Datum Planes .......................................................82 Understanding Curves.............................................................77 Creating and Editing Curves in Multiple Views...........................................................................................................................................................

........88 About Curves from Surface ...............................86 To Create a Planar Curve .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................97 v .......................Table Of Contents Example: Curve Control Points ......................................89 To Create a Curve from Surface.........................................................................................................92 To Change the Curve Type..................93 To Change the Soft-Point Type ...............87 To Create an Offset of a Curve On Surface ........................................................85 To Create a New Curve.............................................................................................................................................................................................................94 To Change a Tangent's Directional Constraints ..93 To Change a Planar Curve Position .................................................89 About Radial-Path Planar Curves.................85 To Create a Free Curve..........................................................................94 About Direct Manipulation of Curve Tangents ..................................90 Editing Curves ....97 To Create Dual Constraints for Surface Tangents ..................................87 About Offsetting Curves On Surface ..............................................89 To Create a Radial-Path Planar Curve ....91 About Proportional Update .................................................................................................96 About Dual Constraints for Surface Tangents.................................................90 Example: Radial-Path Planar Curve ........................................................................87 Redefining Offset Curves.......................................86 About Curves on Surfaces ....................................................................91 To Select Curves for Edit ....................................................................................................................................................95 To Create Curve Connections Using Tangent Constraints ........................85 Creating Curves .....................................................................................................................94 About Editing Curve Tangents ......................................................................86 To Create a COS by Points ...................92 To Constrain Point Movement While Editing .................................................................................................................................................................87 To Create a COS by Drop.................................................................................................................................................................................................92 To Edit Curve Points..................................................................................87 Example: Offset of a Curve On Surface.....................................................

.............................................................................98 To Combine Curves...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Style Parameters .............. 106 Example: Loft Surface ..........................................99 To Redefine a Radial-Path Planar Curve ......98 To Split a Curve ................ 105 About Surfaces...............................................99 To Make a Curve Planar Between Its End Points ................................................................................................................................. 106 About Triangular Surfaces.................................... 103 To Offset Multiple Planar Curves ......................................................... 100 About Importing Curves ............................ 105 To Create a Boundary Surface .................................. 105 To Obtain Information on Parameters ............................................................. 104 To Make Style Parameters Visible .............................. 105 Surfaces .................................................................... 107 To Create a Blend Surface ..............................................................................................................99 About Making Curves Planar Between Their Endpoints .............. 104 About Parameters in Style ........................................................................................................ 104 To Edit Parameters Outside Style ................................................................................................................... 103 To Convert Multiple Curves ........................................................ 102 To Change the Tangent Options for Multiple Curves............................... 105 About Composite Surfaces .............................................................................................................................................. 101 About Multiple Curve Edits ........98 To Extend a Curve ............................ 102 To Change the Location of Multiple Points ...................................................................Table Of Contents Tip: Setting the Secondary Tangent Type................................................................. 101 Editing Multiple Curves .................................................98 To Add Points to Curves ........................................................................................................... 103 To Change References for Multiple Planar Curves ................................................................... 101 To Edit Multiple Curves ........................................................................ 107 vi ................................................................................................................................................................ 106 To Create a Loft Surface ............................. 100 To Import Curves .................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................... 113 About Internal Curves in Triangular Surfaces.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 To Connect Surfaces .................... 120 To Select Entities............................................................................................................................................................................... 121 To Copy Style Geometry Proportionally..... 123 To Get Information on Selected Entities .................................................. 115 About Trimming Surfaces........................................................................................................... 116 To Delete Trimmed Surfaces .............. 117 Connections ...... 111 About Internal Curves ........................................ 117 About Curve Connections..................................................................... 120 Copying Curves with Soft-Point Constraint Proportionally ................................................. 120 Style Editing Tools ............................................................. 116 To Redefine Trimmed Surfaces .............................. 120 Using Selection for Move and Copy......................................................................................... 121 Example: Copy Proportional ................ 121 To Move and Copy Style Geometry........................................................... 120 About Moving and Copying Style Geometry ..... 115 About Editing Surfaces ..................................................................... 118 About Surface Connections ............................................................................................................................... 122 To Get Information on Style Features ................. 118 Controlling Surface Connections in Composite Surfaces.............................................. 123 vii ..................................................................................................... 123 To Unlink COSs ......... 119 About Surface Connections with Triangular Surfaces.................................................................................................................................................................... 115 To Trim a Surface ................................................................................................. 117 About Direct Manipulation of Curve Tangents .... 116 About Redefining Trimmed Surfaces ........................................ 117 To Create Curve Connections Using Tangent Constraints ..................................................... 123 To Repeat a Style Command ..................................................................... 122 To Redefine Geometry............................................... 108 Example: Creating Uniform Blend Surfaces .......................................Table Of Contents Example: Creating Radial Blend Surfaces ...............................

.................................................... 131 To Remove....Table Of Contents Deleting Geometry .......................................................... 133 About Creating Geometry from Sketches .................................................................................................. 123 About Deleting Geometry.............. 124 About Automatic Surface Regeneration .......... 133 viii ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 132 To Align the Inserted Sketch ............................................................................................................... 125 Curve and Surface Analysis .......................... 127 Pro/ENGINEER Integration ........................................................................ 124 About Automatic Curve Regeneration ........................................................... 126 About Curvature Plots ............................. 132 Example: Aligning a Sketch.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 To Insert a Sketch on a Default Datum Plane...................................... 125 To Resolve a Style Feature.................... 128 To Redefine or Reroute Style Features ............................................................................................................... 128 Trace Sketch ........................................................................................ 123 To Delete Geometry ............................... 124 Regeneration................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 To Create Style Parameters in Pro/ENGINEER.................. 125 About Resolve Mode................................. 129 About Fitting Sketches .......... 124 To Regenerate the Style Feature................................................... and Hide a Sketch ... 128 To Resolve Style Features from Pro/ENGINEER .............................................................................................................................................................................. 129 About Trace Sketch.............. 128 Redefining Features .................................................................................................. 124 To Delete Curve Points ................... 129 Example: Trace Sketches on Datum Planes and Planar Surfaces ................................................ 130 To Insert a Scene .... 129 To Insert a Sketch on a Datum Plane or a Planar Surface ........................................................................................ 124 About Style Regeneration ............................................................................................. Show............................................ 126 About Curve and Surface Analyses in Style ........... 128 Rerouting Features.

..................... 139 ix .................................. 134 Index ................................................................ 134 Glossary of Terms..............................................................................................................................................Table Of Contents Glossary ...............................

Style
Using Style
Tutorials

An Overview of the Style Tutorials
This project contains several short tutorials addressing different Style functionality. The tutorials are: • • • • • • • • • Overview of the Style User Interface Overview of Modeling Techniques Creating Curves and Surfaces Understanding Connections Redefining Surfaces Using Proportional Update Creating Curves On Surface (COSs) Using the Internal Resolve Mode Using Style with Reference Data

Overview of the Style User Interface
The Style module has its own user interface (similar to Sketcher), and it requires some explanation as to what actions the various icons, dialog boxes, and menus perform. The following figure shows the Pro/ENGINEER window with the Style interface displayed. The Style Quickbar is displayed horizontally at the top of the window, and the Style Toolbar is displayed vertically at the right of the window.

1

Style - Help Topic Collection

Style Toolbar
The geometry tools in the following figure duplicate many of the functions found on the Styling menu: Select Set the active datum plane Create curves Edit curve Create COS by projection Create surfaces Connect surfaces Trim quilts Done

Style Quickbar
The tools on the Quickbar shown are commonly used functions in Style.

2

Curvature: curvature. section options Reflection Draft Check Slope Display the Saved Analysis dialog Hide all saved analyses Delete all curvature saved analyses Delete all sections saved analyses Styling Menu The Styling menu contains several commands. radius. max. Offset: curve or surface Shaded Curvature: gaussian. normal options for surface.Style Style Analysis Quickbar The tools on the Quickbar shown are commonly used analysis functions in Style. tangent options for curve. position options for cross sections and position for highlight. tangent. 3 . radius. Sections: curvature.

Style . 4 .Help Topic Collection Style Commands on Other Menus The Edit menu contains several Style commands. The View menu also has Style options.

If you click Styling > Preferences. the following dialog box opens: Shortcut Menus The shortcut menus are as follows. 5 . curvature plots. and surface mesh. Right-click anywhere in the main window to open the view shortcut menu.Style Style preferences are available on the Styling menu to set preferences for display.

Right-click an endpoint (not a soft-point) on the curve to open the point shortcut menu. Right-click a soft-point to open the soft-point shortcut menu. 6 .Style . Right-click an internal point (not a soft-point) on the curve to open the point shortcut menu.Help Topic Collection Right-click a tangent to open the tangent shortcut menu.

Style Right-click anywhere on a selected curve (not on a point) to open the curve shortcut menu. 1 Vertical sash 7 . Four-View Layout In Style you can work in a single view as in top-level Pro/ENGINEER. Click again to return to single view. or you can click (or click View > Show All Views) and switch to the four-view layout shown.

redefining surfaces.Style .zip The File Open dialog box opens. and understanding surface connections. For more detailed tutorials on each subject. opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window. consisting of a parametric cylinder and a datum point.Help Topic Collection 2 Horizontal sash Overview of Modeling Techniques This tutorial demonstrates an overview of some basic Style modeling techniques. 8 . The cylinder height is 270. 1. refer to the Table of Contents for individual titles. To Build Four Curves In this exercise you use a cylinder as the basic shape for a pitcher and build four curves to define the shape of a spout. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_overview_start. Select isdx_overview_start. including creating curves and surfaces. The start part. The point is offset from the surface by 30. and the radius is 80. 2.prt and click Open.

4.Style 3. Click Insert > Style. The shape consists of four curves—two curves on surfaces (COSs) and two free curves. Click COS. Now create a spout shape at the top of the cylinder. 5. 7. Click (or middle-click). 8. 6. Select two locations on the surface on which to create two points of a COS to be the side of the spout. Select two locations on the surface on which to create two points of the COS to be the bottom of the spout as shown in the following wireframe model: 9 . Click . The Style dashboard displays the curve-related options.

Hold down SHIFT and select two locations to create two points of a free curve to be the top edge of the spout (one point is snapped to the datum point. See the preceding figure. Displaying Points When a curve references some other geometry. Click Free. 11. 14. 10 . and the points on the curve are said to be soft. Click (or middle-click). Middle-click. the other to the COS). A point is displayed in one of four shapes depending on what it references.Help Topic Collection 1 Two free curves 2 Two COSs 9. the curve is said to be the child of the other geometry. • A free point in space is displayed as a solid dot. 13. 10. Click .Style . 12. Hold down SHIFT and select two locations to create two points of a free curve to be the outer edge of the spout (one point is snapped to the datum point and the other to the COS).

2. The Style dashboard displays the Surface-related options. 1. To Build a Surface This exercise shows how to build surfaces from curves. 3. Click . See the following figure: 11 . Click . and a solid or surface edge is displayed as a circle. facet data. • A soft-point referencing a surface or solid face is displayed as a hollow square. select the four curves you created previously. Holding down CTRL. • A fixed point is fully constrained and is displayed as an x. The surface is created.Style • A soft-point referencing a curve.

2. Right-click the tangent to display the following tangent shortcut menu: 12 . Select the free curve that is the top edge of the spout. 1. 4.Help Topic Collection To Connect the Free Curves to the Surface The type of connection between curves and surfaces makes a tremendous difference in the shape of the transition from the curve to the surface.Style . 3. Click to edit the selected curve. Click the endpoint that lies on the surface to display the tangent.

7. Click . 1. Repeat this procedure for the other free curve. When you modify a component of a superfeature. and internal history. Select the Style surface. To Connect the Style Surface to the Pro/ENGINEER Surface Even though the curves are now connected. 2. relations. Understanding Updates The Style feature is a superfeature that contains curves. you must update its children using . surfaces. Select Surface Tangent. you must still make surface connections. it has an internal regeneration and update mechanism. Click . Click 8. 6. For this reason. The connection icons are displayed as arrows on the surface as shown in the following figure: 13 . resembles a traffic light.Style 5. to regenerate the feature.

14 . Clicking with SHIFT held down removes the connection. Click on the connection arrows to change their direction and level. and then make the spout surface centerline continuous.Help Topic Collection 3.Style . The curve that lies on the center plane must be flat (either a planar curve. To Create Normal Tangency In this exercise. Click Clicking on the end of the icon changes the connection direction. you connect the top and bottom horizontal curves of the Style surface to be normal to a datum plane. o o o 4. Clicking in the middle of the icon raises the continuity level (if the curve connections allow). or a free curve with a 2D shape). . The two criteria for establishing normal tangency are: • • The curves that run into the center plane must have tangents of type Normal where they touch the center plane.

5. Turn on the display of datum planes. 7. Connect the surface to the datum plane. 3. Click and select the curve for editing.Style 1 Curve on the center plane 1. 6. Select the datum plane. Repeat steps 2 through 5 for the bottom horizontal curve. Right-click the tangent to display the tangent shortcut menu. Select Normal from the menu. 2. 1 Connect this edge 2 To this plane 15 . Click the endpoint of the top horizontal curve that is attached to the datum point to display the tangent. 8. 4.

1.Style . To Redefine the Style Feature In this exercise you redefine the Style feature and edit the two curves on surfaces (COSs) to change the shape of the spout. 1. they are likely these "normal to plane" connections. Merge the two surfaces into one quilt. Select the Style feature.Help Topic Collection Note: If you see surface connect icons that do not have a neighbor surface. 2. To Exit the Style Feature Exiting the Style feature allows you to merge the two surfaces into one quilt. 16 . Click (Done).

Select one COS. 7. to regenerate the feature. 17 . Move the points of the curve. 5. 4. 10. Middle-click to repeat. 9.Style 2. Move the points of the curve to modify the shape of the curve. Right-click to display a shortcut menu in the feature tree. 8. Select the other COS. 3. 6. Click 11. Click . Click . 12. being careful to keep the centerline curve on the centerline plane so it mirrors correctly. Exit the Style feature. Click Edit Definition.

To Open the Start Part In this exercise you open and set up the base model of a toaster. 1.Help Topic Collection Now you can modify the datum point parametrically to increase or decrease the depth of the spout opening. Creating Curves and Surfaces The techniques presented here are examples of the curve and surface creation tools. In this procedure you learn how to modify the surfaces of a toaster model by inserting a blister to reduce the weight and improve its aesthetics. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_create_curve_surf.Style . The techniques you use can be applied to many products.zip 18 .

The start part opens. as shown in the following figure: 19 . drag the Insert Here arrow up until it is just below the datum curve.Style The File Open dialog box opens. the features below it are suppressed in the Model Tree and in the graphic window. Select isdx_create_curve_surf. 3. Note that after you have moved the insert arrow.prt and click Open. 2. In the Model Tree.

2. and the datum plane to define the drop's direction. To Create a COS by Drop 1. onto the outer curved surface of the extrusion. Click Insert > Style to create a new Style feature. as shown in the preceding figure. the curves to drop onto it. 3.Style . 4. Click to indicate the target surface. The type of feature you create is called a COS by Drop. To do this you drop three lines of the sketched rectangle.Help Topic Collection Create Curves on the Model In the next exercises you create three curves to drop onto the surface of the toaster model as you begin shaping the side of the model to improve its aesthetics. Select the surface on which to drop the COS and middle-click. Select the top and side curves of the sketched rectangle as indicated in the following figure: 20 . COS (Curve on Surface) is a special kind of curve constrained to lie on a single surface.

Both curves will have midpoints attached to the datum points.Style 1 Select these curves 2 Select this surface 5. Click . 7. Click Planar from the dashboard. and the Surfaces text box on the dashboard is filled with names of the entities you selected. Type 80 in the Offset box and press ENTER. Select the Right datum plane as the direction for the drop. Click Refs to open the Planar or Free dialog box. 3. 2. 6. Create the Remaining Curves In this section you will create two more curves: one to define the bottom of the surface. When you select the datum plane the curve is dropped onto the surface. To Create the Curve for the Blister 1. Click to finish the COS. The curve will be on planes that pass through each datum point. 21 . 4. and another to create the blister in the side of the toaster.

22 . Click to complete the curve. This creates a planar curve at the base of the model.Style . 3. 4. 5. Hold down SHIFT while you select the midpoint and move it toward the datum point PNT1 until the point highlights in red. Click and select the end points of the curve. Click . 11. Right-click on the curve and select Midpoint. Click . This snaps the midpoint to PNT1. Click . 12. Click Free. 7. This snaps the midpoint to PNT3. 6. Hold down SHIFT while you select the midpoint and move it toward the datum point PNT3 until the point is highlighted. 5. To Create the Bottom Curve 1. This also converts the end points to soft-points. The new curve lies in a plane 80 units offset from the bottom surface. 6. The midpoint is created. Middle-click to complete the curve.Help Topic Collection The active datum plane moves to pass through PNT1. 7. Hold down SHIFT and click to create a point at the bottom of each vertical drop curve. Click Planar. 9. Click . 9. Click . Click and select the end points of the curve. 10. 13. Click Free. 14. Right-click on the curve and select Midpoint. 11. This process also converts the end points to soft-points. Click Yes to convert the curve to a free curve. 8. The midpoint is created. 2. 8. 10. Hold down SHIFT and click each of the vertical COSs that you dropped onto the surface in the previous exercise. Middle-click to complete the curve. Click Yes to convert the curve to a free curve.

select four boundary curves (the two vertical drop curves. the planar curve. 3. 2. 2. Create Surfaces and Change Connections With the five curves on the model you will create two surfaces. and the bottom curve) to create the bottom surface. To Create the Surfaces 1. Holding down CTRL. and then edit the default surface connections. 23 . Click . Click . Hold down CTRL and select the two surfaces. Holding down CTRL. Click . Click to complete the curve. The connection arrows are displayed on the model. The surfaces look like the following figure in a wireframe display: To Break the Default Surface Connections 1.Style 12. select four boundary curves (the three drop curves and the planar curve) to create the top surface and middle-click. 4.

Select the Style quilt. Hold down SHIFT and click on the middle of each connection arrow to break the connection.Style . Make a Solid Cut with the Style Quilt 1. 3. 24 . Select the icon for trimming.Help Topic Collection 3. 5. The arrows are displayed as dashed lines. Click to finish the Style feature. Click to finish the cut. Click Side 1 (red) to make a solid cut using the Style quilt. Click Edit > Solidify. 4. 2. Click . 4. The resulting model looks like the following figure: 6. Resume all of the later features to reapply them to this new solid shape.

Style Understanding Connections In the tutorial Creating Curves and Surfaces you made a solid cut in the model of a toaster to lighten the model's contours.zip The File Open dialog box opens. or load the start part for this tutorial. In this tutorial.prt. Curve connections use the concept of leader/follower (parent/child) curves. and the surfaces will follow. Connect the curves. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_connect_redefine. 2. To load the start part: 1. Begin with the toaster model as it was at the end of the Creating Curves and Surfaces tutorial. The leader maintains its shape while the follower adapts its shape to meet the leader. you learn how to use Style connections to round the edges of the cut.prt and click Open. isdx_connect_redefine. About Curve to Curve Connections The key to establishing connections between surfaces in Style is to first make connections between the parent curves. Select isdx_connect_redefine. 25 . blending them smoothly with the rest of the model.

Click . Select one of the free curves. Click one of the curve's endpoints to activate its tangent.Help Topic Collection To Redefine the Free Curves In this exercise. 2. you redefine the two horizontal free curves shown in the following model: 1. Select the Style quilt and right-click.Style . 5. Select Edit Definition. 3. 6. 4. Right-click on the tangent to display the following shortcut menu: 26 .

Arrows point in the direction of influence (from parent to child). The two criteria for establishing centerline tangency are as follows: • • The curves that run into the center plane must have tangents of type Normal where they touch the center plane. 1 No connection (G0) 2 Tangent connection (G1) 3 Curvature connection (G2) About Normal Connections As you make surface connections. Select the other free curve and repeat the steps 5 through 8. you may notice connection icons where there is no apparent connecting surface as shown outlined by the white box in the following figure. 10. A leader surface does not change its shape. Click the curve's other endpoint and repeat the two preceding steps for its tangent. 9. or a free curve with a 2D shape). 27 . Surface connection icons are displayed on the surface as shown. Select Surface Tangent. About Surface Connections Surface connections use the concept of leaders (parents) and followers (children). These are connections to the datum plane. Click to regenerate the feature. 8.Style 7. while a follower surface changes its shape to meet the leader. The curve that lies on the center plane must be flat (either a planar curve.

you must still make surface connections. These connections change according to the following rules: o o o Clicking on the end of the icon changes the connection direction (if the curve connections allow it). The cut is updated to look like the 4.Help Topic Collection To Make Style Surface Connections Even though the curves are now connected. Select both Style surfaces. Click each connection icon. Clicking in the middle of the icon raises the continuity level (if the curve connections allow it). Click following figure: 28 .Style . Click . 2. 3. Clicking in the middle of the icon with SHIFT held down removes the connection. 1. to complete the Style feature.

opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: 29 . Freeform modifications can create sculpted appearances by varying the length of curve tangents.Style Making Further Modifications The final cut shown in the preceding figure could be modified by free form or by parametric methods. The start part as shown in the following figure.prt and click Open. 2. Redefining Surfaces In this tutorial you learn how to redefine Style surfaces by changing boundary references and adding internal curves.zip The File Open dialog box opens. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_surface_redefine. Select isdx_surface_redefine. Parametric modifications can be made to the initial rectangle and the datum points. To Create a Curve to Redefine a Surface 1. and by varying the type of surface connections of the two Style surfaces.

Right-click and select Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. See the following figure. The white arrow shows the new curve being added. Select the Style quilt in the Model Tree. 30 .Style .Help Topic Collection 3.

Move one endpoint of the new curve to the bottom of the vertical curve. 1. Select the FRONT datum plane as shown in the following figure: 31 . 5. 3. Click 2. 4. Right-click on the curve and select Midpoint to add a midpoint to the and press SHIFT to snap the midpoint to PNT3. 10. to select the active datum plane. Click . 7. 5. The internal curve changes the shape of the surface by adding loft. To Redefine the Boundary References of the Surface 1. 8. click near the bottom of one vertical curve and then click near the bottom of the other. Select the new curves for the surface boundary. Click to finish the surface definition. Holding down SHIFT. Click . To Add Internal Curves to the Surface In this exercise you create an internal curve on the redefined surface.Style 4. Click . Click the Boundary selection arrow. Middle-click to complete the curve. 3. Right-click and select Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Click . and repeat for the other endpoint. 2. Click curve. 9. Select the bottom Style surface. 6.

0 by default. Edit the curve shape as desired. Right-click and select Edit Definition on the shortcut menu.Help Topic Collection 4. 6. to finish the Style feature. 3. Select the Style surface. creating a planar curve on the FRONT datum plane. Select the new internal curve as shown by the arrow in the next figure. Hold down SHIFT and snap to the top curve of the surface. and middle-click. 7. 5. The offset should be 0. 4. 5. 32 . Click Planar from the Style dashboard. 2. Click 6. Click . Click . then snap to the bottom curve.Style . Click the Internal selection arrow. Add the Internal Curve to the Surface 1.

Style

Using Proportional Update
Proportional update allows a curve's free points to move in proportion to the softpoints. So, the curve retains its shape proportionally while being edited. In this tutorial you modify the shape of a vacuum cleaner model to reduce its internal volume while maintaining the overall design intent. First, you see a simple example of proportional update with a single curve. The next figure shows a curve with two soft-points snapped to two other curves, which is the minimum requirement for a curve to change proportionally.

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The next figure shows the results of an edit moving the right soft-point when the Proportional Update option is turned off for this curve. Only the point being dragged is moved.

The next figure shows the same edit on the curve when Proportional Update is turned on. You can see in Figure 3 that the other points on the curve move in proportion to the point being dragged.

To Begin the Exercise
1. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_proport_update.zip The File Open dialog box opens.

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2. Select isdx_proport_update.prt and click Open. The model, as shown in the following figure, opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window:

To Redefine a Feature Proportionally
Proportional update works when a curve has two (or more) soft-points, so you need a construction curve to guide the proportional change. The construction curve is built onto the two ends of a profile curve, and then unlinked from it. 1. Select the feature STYLE-BODY-LOWER from the Model Tree, right click and select Edit Definition.

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Now the model appears as is shown in the figure below. You will create a construction curve between the top corners and unlink the soft-points. 2. Click .

3. Snap (by clicking and holding down the SHIFT key) to the top corners of the profile curve creating a new curve.

1 Soft-points created by snapping 2 Top profile curve

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Select the top profile curve. 12. Repeat the steps for the other endpoint of the profile curve. 5. 11. Click Unlink to unlink the soft-point. Right-click on one of the soft-points to open the shortcut menu shown below: 6. If you click one of the endpoints now and move it. Press the SHIFT key while you click to select one endpoint. Click and select the curve. 37 .Style 4. 9. only the one point moves. 7. Click the front endpoint and move it to see that the curve scales proportionally now. Select the Proportional Update option from the Style dashboard. 8. and repeat step 5 & 6 for the other softpoint on the curve. and then drag the endpoint to snap to the end of the construction curve. Click the front endpoint and move it to see that the curve scales nonproportionally. 10.

The final model is shown in the following figure. Both curves have proportional updates turned on. Select the front (vertical) curve. 38 .Style . Click . 1. Now edit the shape of the top curve. 6. 3. Undo the last edit where you moved the curve in the previous procedure. 5. 4.Help Topic Collection 1 Profile curve is resized proportionally now To Make Proportional Updates to the Rest of the Model You may want the front (vertical) curve on the model to move proportionally when it is updated. 2. Click to complete the Style feature. Select the Proportional Update option. until you are satisfied with the shape.

prt and click Open. To Create the Curve Profiles In this exercise you will create two curves and drop them on the model's surfaces to shape the front edge of the model.zip The File Open dialog box opens. 39 . consisting of two flat surfaces that act as the top and front faces of the model. 2. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_create_cos_start. The start part. opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window. The start part opens. Select isdx_create_cos_start.Style 1 Curves with proportional updates Creating Curves on Surfaces (COSs) This tutorial teaches you to create Curves on Surfaces (COSs) by dropping curves on a surface or by creating points for the curve on a surface. 1.

10. Click . 9. 5. 8. Click to change the active datum plane. Click to specify the active datum plane. Click Insert > Style. Create two datum planes that are offset from the FRONT and TOP datum planes. Create a curve that is the profile for the front face of the model.Style . as shown in the following figure. Middle-click to complete the curve. 40 . 4. 7. 6.Help Topic Collection 3. Select the DTM1 datum plane.

Select the FRONT datum plane. Select the TOP datum plane to specify a direction for the drop. 10. Click . 2. Middle-click to complete the curve.Style 11. 13. Create a curve that is the profile for the top face of the model. The following figure shows the dropped curves. 7. 3. The following figure shows the two curve profiles. Middle-click again. Select the curve on the DTM1 datum plane and middle-click. Click . 12. Select the front surface and middle-click. 5. 4. The Style dashboard opens. 6. 1 Two curves To Drop the Profile Curves onto the Surfaces 1. Middle-click to complete the curve. Select the curve on the DTM2 datum plane and middle-click. 8. 41 . Select the DTM2 datum plane. 14. Select the top surface and middle-click. 9. Click .

4. Repeat step 2 and connect the other ends of the dropped curves. Click . Click . Hold down the SHIFT key and snap to the ends of the dropped curves to create a free curve that connects the two ends. 2.Style . 42 .Help Topic Collection 1 Two dropped curves To Create a Fillet Surface from the Dropped Curves 1. 3.

Click Planar on the dashboard. 17. Click the Internal selection arrow on the Style dashboard. The Select dialog box opens. Select the planar curve as the internal curve. Click 8. A boundary surface is created. 43 . Click OK in the Select dialog box. 11. as shown.The Style dashboard and the Select dialog box open. Repeat steps 12-13 for other endpoints of planar curves. 14.Style 5. 16. 10. 7. 20. 15. 6. Click . Repeat step 5 for other endpoints of the free curves. Click . 19. Click . 18. 9. Select the four boundary curves. 12. Right-click on an endpoint of the free curve and select Surface Tangent on the shortcut menu. Click OK in the Select dialog box. Create a planar curve on the RIGHT datum plane by holding down the SHIFT key and snapping the endpoints of the planar curve to the dropped curve. Click on an endpoint of the planar curve. Move the tangent to edit the shape of the planar curve. 13. .

Repeat the above trimming quilt operation for the front surface. The following figure shows the boundary surface. 25. 44 .Style . The following figure shows the two trimmed surfaces. 23. 27. Click . Click to trim the surface using the dropped curves. 26. Click . 24. Select the smaller of the two meshed surfaces. 22. Select the top quilt and middle-click. Select the dropped curve on the top surface and middle-click.Help Topic Collection 21.

3. 2. 4. To Create COSs 1. you will create four curves on the surface. Click COS. 45 . as shown in the following figure. Create a COS. Click . Click Insert > Style to create another Style feature.Style To Add Detail to the Surfaces using COS In this exercise. and use them as boundary curves to create a detail surface on the front of the model.

Style .Help Topic Collection 1 Curve on Surface (COS) 5. Use the SHIFT key to snap each COS to the end of the other. Repeat steps 4-5 to create four COSs as shown in the following figure. Middle-click to complete the curve. 46 . 6.

9. 47 . Create a planar curve and snap the endpoint to the COSs near the front and top surface. Select this midpoint and move it slightly inside to modify the shape of the planar curve as shown. 8. Select the RIGHT datum plane as the active plane. Click . Right-click on the planar curve and click Add Midpoint on the shortcut menu.Style 1 Four curves on surface (COSs) 7. 11. Click . A midpoint is added. 12. 14. Click . 10. Right-click on the endpoints of the planar curve and click Surface Tangent on the shortcut menu. 13.

Click . 2.Style . Select the fillet surface that you created earlier from the dropped curves and middle-click. The portion between the COSs from the surface is removed. 3. The final quilt is as shown in the following figure. Select the four COSs created earlier and middle-click. 48 .Help Topic Collection 1 Planar curve To Trim the Fillet Surface 1.

Click OK in the Select dialog box. 7. 5. Click OK in the Select dialog box. The Style dashboard and the Select dialog box opens. Select the planar curve as the internal curve. Click . The surface is created. 49 . Click the Internal selection arrow on the Style dashboard.Style 4. 6. 8. 10. The Select dialog box opens. Select the four COSs as the boundary curves. Click . The final model is as shown in the following figure. 9.

Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_resolve_mode.zip The File Open dialog box opens.prt and click Open.Style . The following part opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: 50 . One unique aspect of Style's internal resolve mode is the ability to continue working on a model even though regeneration has failed. Select isdx_resolve_mode.Help Topic Collection Using the Internal Resolve Mode In this tutorial you learn how to use Style's internal resolve functionality to fix failed updates within the Style feature. 2. To Understand Resolve 1.

51 . Select the Style feature in the Model Tree. Right-click and select Edit Definition.Style 3. 4.

The Delete dialog box is displayed. and Style must be able to handle the children after the parent curve is deleted. Other methods to access the Resolve dialog box are: o o Try to exit a Style feature that has a failure. o o o o Delete—Deletes the children. 7.Help Topic Collection 5. Click Edit > Delete (or press DELETE).Style . The Regenerate traffic light turns yellow because entities are out of date. Clicking the yellow traffic light opens the Resolve dialog box and turns the light red. Select the internal curve on the top of the phone. Suspend—Suspends the failure for later resolution. 6. The Resolve dialog box opens. 52 . Click Suspend. Click Edit > Resolve. Unlink—Removes the internal curve from the surface. Cancel—Cancels the Delete command. The Delete dialog box appears because the entity you are deleting has children.

Style

A blocked entity is a child of a failed entity. The regeneration system does not try to regenerate children of failed entities, but considers them blocked.

8. In the Resolve dialog box, select the name of the failed entity (SF-21) and notice that the explanation is "Missing reference for internal curve." 9. Click Unlink to unlink the failing reference. 10. Click the traffic light to regenerate the feature. The light changes from red to green indicating the regeneration is complete and successful.

Make Another Change to the Phone Model
1. Select the Style curve shown by the arrow at the top of the phone.

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2. Click

.

3. Click on the endpoint of the curve to display the tangent. 4. Right-click on the tangent to display the tangent shortcut menu:

5. Select Natural. 6. Click 54 to see the failure.

Style

The Resolve dialog box opens with the failure of entity SF-21. The explanation is "Cross curves are not consistent with surface connection," because you have just broken a curve connection, but Style is trying to maintain the surface connection. In Style, the Resolve dialog box does not prevent you from further work. In this case you can use 7. Click . to remake all curve connections and resolve all features.

8. Click on the curve's endpoint to display the tangent. 9. Right-click on the tangent to display the tangent shortcut menu. 10. Select Tangent. 11. Click and see the feature regenerate successfully.

Make a Third Change to the Phone
1. Select one of the short vertical curves on the side of the phone. 2. Click .

3. Click on a curve endpoint to display the tangent. 4. Right-click on the tangent to display the tangent shortcut menu. 5. Select Natural. 6. Click Edit > Resolve to see the failure in the Resolve dialog box. This failure is the surface connection normal to the TOP datum plane. 7. Click Unlink to unlink the failed surface connection. 8. Click and see the feature regenerate successfully.

Other Options on the Resolve Dialog Box
• —Redefine the failed entity, for example, by selecting new boundary curves for a surface. —Operate on the failed entity. Completely unlink all references. If the failed entity is a COS, planar curve, or drop curve, the Unlink option also converts the curve type to free. —Convert a planar or COS curve to a free curve. —Delete the failed entity. —Obtain information about the failed entity.

• • •

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imported scan curves. The following figure which shows part of a model of an engine air intake. Select isdx_reference_data_1.Style .prt and click Open. Using Style with Reference Data Style features can build geometry that references most other types of geometry. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_reference_data_1. you learn how Style can create smooth freeform blends between two Pro/ENGINEER parametric features. . 2. This tutorial demonstrates the main Style tools for this. 3. opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window. Part 1: Freeform Blending between Pro/ENGINEER Features In this exercise. and facet data. You will create the surfaces to blend these parts together.Help Topic Collection • —Perform a local regeneration on the failed entity. Click Insert > Style. 1. including other Pro/ENGINEER solid data. Click 56 .zip The File Open dialog box opens. 4.

You will notice the edge is briefly highlighted when you snap to it. Click an endpoint to display the tangent. you will create two kinds of tangent connections. Click . Tangent Edge Connection 1. b. d. Select one of the curves attached to the interior of the existing surface. but if you have doubt as to what entity you are snapping to. Click Show Sel Bin to open the Selections dialog box. Click Accept. Create four free curves that attach to the surface edges as shown below. use the Sel Bin as described below: a. select the edge you want your curve snapped to. From the Query bin. 57 . To Connect the Curves to the Surfaces To successfully use the Style curves to create surfaces for the intake model. 2. 3. Right-click to open the shortcut menu. Make sure you attach these Style curves to the edge in each case. edge and surface. c.Style 5.

3. length and angle of the tangent vectors for the smoothest shape. Click . 5. 6. Right-click the tangent to display the tangent shortcut menu. Changes to the parent parametric features will flex the Style surfaces. 6. Repeat for the other curve attached to the interior of the surface edge. To Create Surfaces You can use solid or surface edges as well as datum curves as boundaries for Style surfaces. Middle-click to repeat to build three Style surfaces. and editing the Style curves will also change the shape of the Style surfaces.Help Topic Collection 4. 2. Right-click the tangent to display the shortcut menu.Style . You can adjust the connection length. 58 . Click an endpoint to display the tangent. 1. Repeat steps 1 through 5 for the other three curves. 3. Select Surface Tangent. Repeat steps 2 through 4 for the other endpoint of the curve. 5. 4. 1 Endpoints with tangent connections Surface Tangent Connection 1. Select Tangent. 2. Select four boundary curves. Select one of the remaining curves.

and you will create a new Style feature that references scan curves that you select. you will learn that Style features can reference scan data. 2. Drag the following file into the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: isdx_reference_data_2. The start part has scan curves.Style Part 2: Scan Data In this part of the tutorial. Select isdx_reference_data_2.prt and click Open. 1.zip The File Open dialog box opens. The following part opens in the Pro/ENGINEER graphics window: 59 .

6. You will use the curve tool to create curves with soft-points on the scan data. you do not need many points to define the shape. 4.Style . Hold down the SHIFT key and click to create a second curve on the scan section. you can create two more curves to define a closed rectangle for a surface. Notice that the soft-points float along the scan data. Click . After you have the two curves defined. Hold down the SHIFT key while you define points on the scan lines making a curve. 3. 5.Help Topic Collection For this exercise. Typically. 60 . Click Insert > Style to create a new Style feature. and you can use the curve edit to refine the shape after it is defined. you will concentrate on only the main spoke of this wheel.

Select the four curves you just made. 61 . 8. and middle-click. 9. Click to exit the Style feature.Style 1 First two curves on scan line 2 Two curves across scan line 7. Click .

You can use this technique to capture design intent from a facet model. Remember. 5. this is not intended to be accurate fitting (as in Restyle. Rebuild the surface and add the internal curve. Redefine the Feature 1. Now you can add an internal curve by building a curve just as you built the first two boundary curves for the surface. 2. 3. Click .Help Topic Collection Analyze the Data You can analyze the deviation of the surface from the scan data. Press the SHIFT key and click to define points on the curve across a scan line. Select the Style surface from the Model Tree and right-click to select Edit Definition. Click . for example) but rather capturing design intent.Style . Part 3: Facet Data A technique similar to the one used in Part 2 to build the surface on scan data can be used to build curves and surfaces onto facet data. 4. You may find it necessary to modify the surface by editing the defining curves or adding internal curves to the surface. 62 .

Click Insert > Shared Data > From File. The facet model shown below appears: Next.Style First open an empty part and import the scan data. 10.stl file and click Open.zip file and click Open. 5. Select the phone. 63 . Click OK when you are satisfied with the curves. 9. 4. 6. 1. Click Insert > Style. The Open dialog box opens. 3. you start Style to build a surface directly onto the model. The Import Options dialog box opens. Click File > New > Part. 8. Select the phone. Build four curves directly on the area of the model that you want to capture. Click the following link and save the file at a location of your choice: phone. Click .zip 2. 7. Click OK.

Style . Click .Help Topic Collection 1 Boundary curves 11. 12. Select the four curves as boundary curves. 64 .

Style features are called superfeatures because they can contain limitless numbers of curves and surfaces. The user can create truly free Style features and take advantage of the parametric and associative Pro/E capabilities. Style features are flexible. You may want to create another curve to use as an internal curve to refine the surface. The new Style user interface offers the best of both worlds—it is a self-contained. they have their own internal parent/child relationships. You can accomplish all of the following tasks with Style: 65 . Changing the color of the surface will make comparison with the facet reference easier. and can also have relationships with other Pro/ENGINEER features.Style 13. intuitive modeling environment and also a Pro/ENGINEER feature. and to combine multiple elements into superfeatures. User Interface About Style Features Style is a design environment within Pro/ENGINEER that allows you to create freeform curves and surfaces quickly and easily. You also may add points to the boundary curves to hold them closer to the facets.

Style toolbar—contains shortcuts for the Styling menu commands. Style quickbar—contains shortcuts to the Style commands found in the Edit. a special curve type that lies on a surface. View. the four views are displayed as shown: Top view Front view Isometric/Trimetric/ User-defined Right view Note: The isometric/trimetric view is identical to the single view in Pro/ENGINEER. isometric/trimetric. or displays all four views at once. you can display and work in four model views at one time. and Analysis menus. The multiple-view environment is a powerful feature in Pro/ENGINEER. display curvature plots. Style commands in the Edit. • • • • • • • The Style environment consists of the following elements: • • Styling menu in the top menu bar—contains the main set of Style commands for curve and surface creation and modification. Multiple views support direct 3D creation and editing of geometry. and Info menus—commands such as those to undo and redo Style curve operations. Multiple-view display—switches between top. Edit individual geometric entities or a combination of entities in the feature. enter Resolve mode. Create simple features or multiple-element superfeatures.Help Topic Collection • Work in single. Analysis. In the multiple-view environment. Create curves and surfaces at the part level. 66 . Multiple views allow for the creation of curves in 2D (specifying the third dimension after the 2D shape) or directly in 3D. View. Create internal parent/child relationships for Style features. front. and set Style preferences (surface mesh). Create surfaces from boundaries that do not have to be trimmed to corners. The views are positioned in the window as shown below: Top view Front view Isometric/Trimetric/ Right view User-defined • • • About Multiple Views A multiple-view environment is available in Style as an alternative to modeling in a single view. You can edit geometry in one view and simultaneously view the geometry in the other views.Style . Create a Curve on Surface (COS). Create parent/child relationships between Style features and model features.and multiple-view environments. and right views.

grid spacing. Curve from Datum—Converts curves or edges created outside Style to Style Free curves. display. regeneration. 67 . one each at the top and side of the Pro/ENGINEER window. Trace Sketch—Opens the Trace Sketch dialog box where you create trace sketches from the referenced images. and surface mesh. (You can also enable snap by pressing and holding the SHIFT key while you press the mouse button.Style A four-view display allows you to resize the panes by dragging the sash that divides the view into four panes. Offset COS—Allows you to offset a COS on the same surface as that of the COS or perpendicular to the surface on which it lies.) Curve—Displays the options to create Style curves using interpolation or control points. from A Styling menu is added to the menu bar. By default it is turned off. Surface—Displays the options to create three or four boundary surfaces from boundary and internal curves. Internal Plane—Opens the DATUM PLANE dialog box where you create datum planes internal to the Style feature. Curve Edit—Allows you to edit a curve or multiple curves by dragging points or tangents. Curve from Surface—Allows you to create a free or COS curve from an isoparametric line of a surface. and two Style toolbars are added. Snap—Toggles snapping on and off. finalizing all geometry in the Pro/ENGINEER geometry database. Click or Styling > Quit to cancel all changes to the current Style feature. To Exit Style Click or Styling > Done to save and exit the current Style feature. You can also click the toolbar. Drop Curve—Displays the options to drop a curve onto a surface to create a COS. Set Active Plane—Allows you to set the active datum plane for geometry creation and edits. Styling Menu The Styling menu contains the following options: Preferences—Opens the Styling Preferences dialog box that allows you to set preferences for surface connections. To Start Style Click Insert > Style on the top menu bar to start Style.

surfaces. internal datum planes. Definition—Allows you to redefine Style geometry. Copy—Duplicates the selected Style curves and allows you to position them. retaining the original proportions when the endpoints of the first curve in the selected geometry are moved to new positions during duplication. Optional references for surfaces include internal curves and connections. Copy Proportional—Duplicates the selected geometry. Note: Move and copy functionality in Style applies to Style curves only. This command is also available on the shortcut menu. See Undo above. Undo—Undoes the last Style operation. Drop curves have no optional references. Done—Exits Style. Edit Menu The Edit menu contains the following options for Style: Regenerate All—Allows you to regenerate geometry locally within Style. only the entities contained in the Style feature are regenerated and not the entire Pro/ENGINEER model. 68 . Quit—Cancels all changes to the Style feature. Softpoints are preserved during a copy if valid. Delete—Deletes selected Style curves. It applies to planar and free curves but not COSs. Additional options on the Edit. Redo—Redoes the last Undo operation. Convert—Allows you to convert curves from one type to another. Move—Allows you to reposition selected Style curves. Trim—Allows you to trim surfaces and quilts using a set of curves.Style . Resolve—Allows you to resolve a Style feature that has failed regeneration. Opens the Resolve dialog box.Help Topic Collection Surface Connect—Displays the options to change connections between surfaces. Analysis. otherwise this option is disabled. and Info menus allow you to control Style views and access information about Style entities. Opens the appropriate dialog box where you can edit entities such as curves or surfaces. Unlink—Breaks the associativity between Styling entities and any of their optional references. Optional references for curves include soft-points. completing the Style feature and finalizing all geometry in the Pro/ENGINEER geometry database. View. During Style regeneration. View Menu The following Style options are on the View menu: Show All Views—Displays all four views for modeling. or trimmed quilt pieces.

Style Show Next View—Displays the next view counter-clockwise from the active view when you are in single view display. Clear All Curvatures—Removes all displayed curvatures from the display. Allows you to highlight section curves on the surface or display cross-sections parallel to the selected reference plane. You can use Hide. Shaded Curvature—Evaluates and displays the smallest and largest normal curvature values for every point on a surface. Offset—Evaluates and displays an offset for a selected set of curves. Unhide. Hide All—Hides all saved analyses. Orientation—Adjusts the view as follows: • • • • • Default Orientation—Adjusts the view to the saved default view. Previous—Displays the model in the previous view. or surfaces. Delete All—The following options are available: • • • • Delete All—Deletes all saved analyses. Refit—Fits the object to fully display it in the graphics window. Delete All Offset—Deletes all saved offset analyses. Delete All Curvature—Deletes all saved curvature analyses. Reflection—Displays curves that represent the reflection due to linear sources of light on a surface when viewed from the specified direction. The following Style options are available when you click Analysis > Geometry: Curvature—Evaluates and displays the curvature of curves. Saved Analysis—Displays the Saved Analysis dialog box. Mathematically. edges. especially across shared boundaries. or Unhide All. Active Plane Orientation—Adjusts the view so that the active datum plane is normal to the screen. the curvature is equal to 1/radius. Analysis Menu The following Style options are on the Analysis menu: Show Curvature—Displays the curvature plot on the selected curves. Reorient—Opens the Orientation dialog box where you can specify the view orientation. Delete All Sections—Deletes all saved sections analyses. edges. Sections—Evaluates surface continuity. 69 . Clear Curvature—Removes the curvature plot for the selected curves. or surfaces. Visibility—Allows selective display of entities.

Show All Views Show Curvature Clear All Curvatures Regenerate All 70 . Note: You can modify certain Style parameters outside Style by clicking the check boxes next to these parameters in Style. Style Toolbars Two Style toolbars are added to the Pro/ENGINEER interface by default when you are creating a Style feature. The traffic light is green when the model is up-to-date. edge. Displays a color plot of the draft. The Quickbar is added to the top of the window. Slope—Displays. in color. Toggles between showing four views or one full size view. the slope of a surface relative to a reference plane. Executes the last Style tool (command) that you used.Help Topic Collection Draft—Analyzes a part design to determine if a draft is necessary for the part to be used in a mold. and the Toolbar is added to the right side of the window. curve. Regenerates any Style features that are out of date. Displays the curvature plot for each selected curve. yellow when the model is out-of-date. or datum axis on a part. Redoes the undo Style operation. Clicking Info > Feature outside Style also displays the information about these parameters. Info Menu The following Style options are on the Info menu: Entity—Displays information about selected Style entities in an information window. by default.Style . Removes all curvature plots from the display. Style Quickbar The following icons are available in the Quickbar which is. displayed at the top of the graphics window: Icon Command Undo Redo Repeat Description Undoes the last Style operation. coordinate system. Current Feature—Displays information about the current Style feature in an information window. and red when there has been a failed regeneration.

Displays the options for trimming surfaces using curves on the Style dashboard. Completes the Style feature finalizing all geometry in the Pro/ENGINEER geometry database and exits Style. Allows you to set the current datum plane for geometry creation and edits. which allow you to create a COS (Curve on Surface) by projecting it onto a surface. Allows you to create datum planes internal to the Style Feature. Change the Style Tools option to Top or Left. 3. Curve Edit Drop Curve Surface Surface Connect Trim Done Quit To Customize the Style Toolbars You can reposition the toolbars using the following procedure: 1. Click Tools > Customize Screen. Change the Style option to Right or Left. 4. Cancels all changes and exits Style. Click Toolbars. Displays the curve creation options on the Style dashboard.Style Style Toolbar The icons on the Toolbar provide shortcut access to the most common Style operations located on the Styling menu. The Customize dialog box opens. which allow you to create curves. Displays the options for creating connections between surfaces on the Style dashboard. Displays the options for editing curves on the Style dashboard. 2. Displays the options for creating surfaces from boundary and internal curves on the Style dashboard. By default the Toolbar contains the following icons: Icon Command Select Set Active Plane Internal Plane Curve Description Allows you to select Style geometry. Displays the curve projection options on the Style dashboard. 71 .

Modifier Keys The following modifier keys are available during Style operations: Modifier Key Right-click Left-click CTRL + left-click Command All commands All commands Selection Action Shortcut menu appears. Hide—Turns the display off for the selected entities. Unselect Last—Allows you to unselect the last geometric entity that you selected. Show Sel Bin—Shows the geometry in the Style Query Bin. Previous—Selects the previous item in the Style Query Bin during the selection process. Unhide All Entities—Displays all the previously hidden entities as well as entities that were not hidden. Right-click while performing a task to access its shortcut menu. Curve Edit—Displays the curve editing options on the Style dashboard. Edit Definition—Allows you to redefine the selected Style curve or surface. Regenerate All—Allows you to regenerate the Style feature. Active Plane Orientation—Displays the model with the active datum plane parallel to the screen.Help Topic Collection Shortcut Menus There are several shortcut menus available with Style.Style . Selection (default) Cancel selection of previously selected entity Select multiple entities Middle-click All commands Complete current operation 72 . The default shortcut menu contains the following commands: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Next—Selects the next item in the Style Query Bin during the selection process. Surface—Displays the surface creation options on the Style dashboard Default Orientation—Sets the views to their default position. Isolate—Turns the display off for all the entities other than the selected entity. Set Active Plane—Allows you to set the current datum plane for geometry creation. Curve—Displays the curve creation options on the Style dashboard.

the pointer is followed by a snap cursor. When the SHIFT key is pressed and the mouse button is held down. If you do not have the file /. copy it from the systems area by entering the following: 73 . Extend Point Horizontal/Vertical drag lock SHIFT + ALT CTRL + ALT Curve Edit Curve Create and Edit Curve Edit ALT Constrain tangent angle while tangent vector is visible Constrain tangent length while tangent vector is visible CTRL + ALT Curve Edit Enabling the ALT Key Use the following procedure to correctly configure the ALT key to work on systems running the Common Desktop Environment (CDE). CTRL CTRL + SHIFT ALT Selection Selection Curve Create and Edit Copy geometry then move Move geometry without copying Normal drag lock For more information on configuring the ALT key on UNIX.Style Repeat Double-click SHIFT Selection Curve Create Curve Edit Redefine Snap to existing geometry.dt/dtwmrc in your home directory. refer to the topic Enabling the ALT Key. snapping is turned off. When the SHIFT key is not pressed. Note: You can also snap to existing geometry by using Styling > Snap in the top menu bar. including the following systems: • • • • Sun Solaris Hewlett Packard HP-UX IBM AIX Compaq OSF1 1.

move ALT<Btn3Down> window f. snapping is turned on only when the SHIFT key is pressed and the mouse button is pressed. vertices. and facets.Help Topic Collection cp /usr/dt/config/C/sys. entities are highlighted indicating they are selected for snapping.dt/dtwmrc 2. While snapping is on. Click Show Sel Bin to open the Style Query Bin which displays the selected entity's name. datum planes. As you press the mouse button and drag the snap cursor across the screen.Style . About Snapping in Style About Snapping In Style you can snap curve points to other existing entities. Curve points can be snapped to the following: datum points.minimize 3. any geometric entity that you copy or move snaps to the nearest available geometric entity. curves. Note: If there are multiple entities in one place available for snapping—as in the case of several curves intersecting the same point—you can verify which entity is selected in the Query Bin as follows: • • Click the right-mouse button to open the default shortcut menu. If you use the SHIFT key. quilt and solid edges. Edit the file to comment out the following lines with a pound sign (#) at the beginning of each line: ALT<Btn1Down> icon|window f. Enable Snap With the SHIFT Key Press the SHIFT key and hold down the mouse button. a snap cursor (identifiable as a red +) follows the pointer. 74 .dtwmrc ~/. quilt and solid surfaces. Restart the window manager by logging out. and then logging back in. To Enable Snapping There are two ways to enable and use snapping as discussed below: Enable Snap With a Menu Option Click Styling > Snap to turn on the Snap option (default is off). When snapping is on.

3. Surface—When turned on. according to the option you set. Toggle the Default Connections option for surfaces off or on. To Display Surface Mesh Displaying the surface mesh allows you to more carefully check surface quality. connections are established automatically when you create surfaces. Click Styling > Preferences to open the Styling Preferences dialog box. o 5. You may want to turn this off if your Style feature contains many surfaces and you need more interactive control for curve edits. the child surfaces within the Style feature are automatically regenerated during the modification of a parent when the display mode is wireframe. the child curves within the Style feature are automatically regenerated during the modification of a parent. and surface mesh. Enter a value for Grid spacing to change the number of lines displayed on the grid of the active datum plane. 1. Set Surface Mesh options—these let you set display preferences for the surface mesh. Off When Shaded—Displays the surface mesh except when the model is shaded. Available options are as follows: o o o On—Displays the surface mesh. 1. 6. It computes a set of closely-spaced isolines on all surfaces. Modify the Surface Mesh quality. Off—Turns off display of the surface mesh. Click Styling > Preferences. You may want to turn this off if your Style feature contains many surfaces and you need more interactive control for curve edits. Toggle the Auto Regenerate options off or on. Shaded Surface—When turned on. 7. Available options are: o o Curves—When turned on. 8. if possible. The surface mesh is displayed with the values specified in the Surface Mesh container. You can increase or decrease the number of mesh lines displayed in both directions.Style Setting Preferences To Set Style Preferences Use the Preferences dialog box to set preferences for display. When turned on. The Styling Preferences dialog box opens. curvature plots. Select Grid to display the grid for ease of modeling. Click OK to close the dialog box. 4. 2. the child surfaces within the Style feature are automatically regenerated during modification of a parent when the display mode is wireframe or shaded. 75 .

Multiple views support direct 3D creation and editing of geometry. 4. Asynchronous datum planes that you create while within Style are listed in the model tree above the Style feature and are hidden by default. the internal datum plane becomes active by default. It is important to be aware of the current setting of this plane whenever you are building curves. Multiple views allow for the creation of curves in 2D (specifying the third dimension after the 2D shape) or directly in 3D. In the multiple-view environment. click On to turn on surface mesh plotting. They are internal to the Style feature. even as you define points for a curve. You can access the Active Plane Orientation command in the following ways: • Click View > Orientation > Active Plane Orientation. which is indicated by the grid display. and the Top 76 . You can reset an active plane at any time. Under Surface Mesh. use the slider to set the quality for surface mesh. Active Plane Orientation reorients the model so that the active datum plane is parallel to the screen. Under Surface Mesh.Help Topic Collection 2. A four-view display allows you to resize the panes by dragging the sash that divides the view into four panes. Views and Datum Planes About Multiple Views A multiple-view environment is available in Style as an alternative to modeling in a single view. click Off When Shaded. To see the meshes only in the wireframe display mode. all unconstrained points are projected onto the active datum plane. On creation. 3. The multiple view environment in Style is particularly useful if you need to use several different datum planes which are not parallel with the default datums. the four views are displayed as shown: Top view Front view Isometric/Trimetric/ User-defined Right view Note: The isometric/trimetric view is identical to the single view in Pro/ENGINEER. You can edit geometry in one view and simultaneously view the geometry in the other views. An active plane is set when you enter the Style environment.Style . About Setting the Active Plane Orientation When you define curves in Style. The Front view (lowerleft) is oriented with the active datum plane parallel to the screen. You can easily align the four views to any datum using the Active Plane Orientation command. The internal datum planes that you create within a Style feature are not listed in the Model Tree.

Unhide All Entities—Available as a button on the shortcut menu. The Style entities within that Style feature get displayed. Note: Internal datum planes are not displayed outside the Style feature. Unhide All Entities. This option displays all the previously hidden Style entities. Sketch curves in the Front. Pro/ENGINEER displays a warning message to let you know that some entities are hidden. This option displays all the previously hidden features or Style entities. The specified view is oriented with the active datum parallel to the screen. Repeat this step with various depths to easily create a family of cross curves or sections without having to make any additional datums. Top. No change is made to the other views. This option suppresses the display of all the Style entities except the selected entities. Some common scenarios include the following: • Sketch all points of a curve in one view. When a feature is redefined within the current session. Unhide All—Available using View > Visibility. then move the mouse to another view and click once to set the depth of the curve. • Press the right mouse button in any view. About Selective Display of Entities Selective display of the geometric entities in Style is available using the following functionality: • • • Hide—Available as a button on the shortcut menu. This option suppresses the display of the selected Style entities. all the hidden entities remain hidden. in the current Style feature within the current session. and Right views by repeating the above steps to create the skeleton curves of the model without having to reorient the display. and Isolate as icons to the Style tool bar using Tools > Customize Screen. • 77 . Use the isometric/trimetric view to get a good 3-D feel for the shape as you work. Note: You can add Hide. Isolate—Available as a button on the shortcut menu. and internal datum planes created in Style. When redefining a Style feature. surfaces.Style and Right views are oriented to their respective 90-degree rotations of the active datum plane. all the hidden entities are displayed when you select Done or Quit to exit the feature. Creating and Editing Curves in Multiple Views Style curve creation and editing are customized so that you can take full advantage of the multiple view environment. and then click Active Plane Orientation. • The selective display in Style works on curves.

The specified plane becomes the active plane. Optionally. The views are in the active plane orientation. click View > Show All Views or Note: This command is also on the default shortcut menu. Click View > Orientation > Active Plane Orientation. then switch to edit mode and drag the points or tangents in the other views. the following procedure allows you to display the model with the active datum plane parallel to the screen. The model view adjusts with the active plane parallel to the screen. If you choose not to change the depth. 2. To Show All Views • • Click or View > Show All Views to display all four views for modeling. Example: Four-View Display The following picture shows the four-view display in Style. Click or Styling > Set Active Plane. the curve points stay at their default positions when you complete the curve. before setting the model view to the active plane orientation. To Set a View to the Active Plane Orientation In Style. In general. This shows a true 3-D (non-planar) curve without having to rotate any views. This makes it easy to create and edit Style geometry. Use the following procedure: 1. make sure you have specified the datum plane you want to be the active plane. right-click and select Active Plane Orientation on the shortcut menu. defining the depth of any point on a curve can be postponed until after you enter a series of points. Click anywhere along the green line to set the depth for those points. again.Help Topic Collection • Sketch the 2-D shape of a curve in one view. To return to a single view. The view types are as displayed: Top view Front view Isometric/Trimetric/ User-defined Right view 78 . Select a datum plane.Style . Observe the shape changes in the other views as you drag. To Set the Active Plane If you are working in Style. Style also displays the horizontal and vertical directions for this plane. The green line displayed indicates when one or more points can have their depth adjusted.

The arrow indicates the direction in which you can drag the sash. You can also drag the intersection of the two sashes horizontally and vertically. double-click the sash. Move the pointer over the sash that divides the view into four panes. The sash location and the corresponding pane size apply to a single window only within the current session. Drag the sash. 79 . Note: You cannot drag the sash beyond a certain limit. o o o You can drag the vertical sash horizontally and the horizontal sash vertically. To reset the sash to the center. To Resize the Panes in a Four-View Display 1. The pointer changes its shape to a double-headed arrow. double-click the sash.Style 1 Vertical sash 2 Horizontal sash To reset the sash to the center. 2.

Choose the desired constraint option from the DATUM PLANE menu. Repeat steps 2 and 3 until you have established the necessary constraints. This command is also available on the shortcut menu. Pick the necessary references on the model. This internal datum plane is not seen at the top level in the model tree. Optionally. 2. 4. This plane is active by default and is displayed with a grid. 80 .Help Topic Collection To Show the Next View Click View > Show Next View to display the next view counter-clockwise from the active view when you are in single view display. • When creating or defining Style features. For more information about constraining the datum plane. click on the Style toolbar. You can reference any Style entity such as Style curve endpoints. and other internal datum planes besides the regular Style references for creating the internal datum planes. Create a datum plane while creating a feature so that the datum plane is internal to the active feature. This datum plane is inserted in the model tree before the active feature and is hidden by default. 3. not the screen layout. Note: Only the view orientation. refer to the topic About Datum Planes from the Part Modeling module of Pro/ENGINEER Help. The advantage of using an internal datum plane is that it can have references to other entities in the current Style feature. Style also displays the horizontal and vertical directions for the internal datum plane. changes. Click Styling > Internal Plane. About Creating Datum Planes You can create datum planes in Style using these methods: • Create an asynchronous datum plane while creating a Style feature. To Reset a View Click View > Orientation > Default Orientation to reset views to their default orientation. Style surface vertices. To Create an Internal Datum Plane To create an internal datum plane in the active Style feature. If you clicked OK. you can create datum planes as internal to the Style feature. the internal datum plane is created.Style . You can select any curves and surfaces as references for the internal datum plane. 5. 1. Click OK to create the datum plane or Cancel to cancel the datum plane creation. but you must create datum points and datum axes asynchronously.

Style About Modifying and Regenerating Internal Datum Planes You can: • Modify an internal datum plane created in Style by using the top level Edit command. An internal datum plane can reference geometry defined in the Style feature in which it is created. 81 . Therefore. but you cannot unlink it from its parent feature. Delete an internal datum plane by selecting the internal datum plane and clicking Edit > Delete from the top menu bar. an internal datum plane can regenerate successfully only if the parent features also regenerate successfully. You can modify these parameters. Example: Internal Datum Plane Through a Blend Section The next figure shows an internal datum plane that passes through a blend section. Display information about the selected internal datum plane in the Style feature using Info > Entity on the top menu bar. • • • • • Example: Internal Datum Plane Offset from a Datum Plane The next figure shows the internal datum plane DTM1 created by specifying an offset from the TOP datum plane. Note: You cannot modify or redefine the internal datum planes within Style. Using the Feature Edit command displays the numeric parameters used to create the internal datum plane. Resolve an internal datum plane. Regenerate internal datum planes in the same way as other Style subfeatures. and Isolate options to show or hide internal datum planes. Hide. Use the Show.

82 .Help Topic Collection Curves Understanding Curves About Creating Curves in Style A curve is any path drawn through two or more defining points.Style . creating good curves is the key to creating a feature with high-quality surfaces. A set of internal points and endpoints define the curve. because all surfaces are defined directly from curves. In Style.

The tangent determines the direction that the curve flows through the point. but 83 . may be "soft" points or "fixed" points. The curvature at each point is a measure of how rapidly the curve is changing direction. However. A straight line has zero curvature at each point. Curves typically have a different curvature value at every point. Constrained—Points that are constrained in some way. About Defining Points for Curves You create curves by defining points with the Curve tool. and a curvature. They are projected by default onto the current datum plane. a tangent.Style 1 Tangent for selected endpoint 2 Internal point 3 Endpoint Every point on a curve has a position. To create a curve you first specify two or more points. There are two basic categories of points: • • Free—Points that are unconstrained. and a circle has a constant curvature at each point that is equal to the reciprocal of the radius. you can change the direction and magnitude of a tangent to an endpoint. Free points are displayed as small white dots. The tangents of internal defining points are created and maintained by Style—you cannot change them.

In single-view display mode. the points are fixed because the plane forms an intersection with the other entity. If there is a possibility of snapping to multiple entities. y. the entity you are snapping to is highlighted briefly. edge. surface. • Point Types In Style you can create and edit curves in two modes: • • Interpolation point editing Control point editing Interpolation Points By default. When you create fixed points. and z. and then click anywhere along the green line to specify the depth of the point. Note: To snap. Previous. or click Styling > Snap. 84 . A fixed point is displayed as an x. Soft points on free curves become fixed points if the option Lock to Point is used. You can edit the curve by clicking and dragging the points that actually lie on the curve. Soft-points are displayed as open circles when they reference other curves and edges. There are several ways a soft-point becomes a fixed point: • • A curve is snapped to a datum point or vertex. Style displays the interpolation points of a curve while creating or editing the curve. A soft-point is considered partially constrained—it can slide on its parent curve.Help Topic Collection their depth may be specified from another view. you can use the shortcut menu and click Next. you can rotate the view until you see the green line through the point. quilt or solid surface. If you are working in 4-view display mode. It cannot slide on its parent because it is constrained in x. scan curve. see the note above on snapping which applies to fixed points as well. press the SHIFT key while holding down the mouse button. Soft-points are displayed as open squares when they reference surfaces. edge or facet. Soft-Points Create a soft-point by snapping to any curve. you can specify the depth in one of the other panes where the green depth line is visible. When planar curves are snapped to existing entities. or facet.Style . Lock to Point will move a soft-point to the nearest defining point on its parent curve. Fixed Points A fixed point is a fully constrained soft-point. or Show Sel Bin to select the referenced entities. As you create a soft-point.

Creating Curves To Create a New Curve 1. Select Free. 2. Define points for the curve. 85 . or COS to specify the type of curve you want to create. Click or Styling > Curve to open the Style dashboard.Style Editing Control Points Select the Control Point option on the Style dashboard to display a curve's control points. 3. Planar. COS—creates a Curve On Surface. a curve that is constrained to lie on a specified single surface. o o o Free—creates a curve that lies in three-dimensional space. Only the first and last control points on a curve can be soft-points. You can edit the curve by clicking and dragging these points. Planar—creates a curve that lies on a specified plane. You can create Style curves using control points as well as interpolation points. Example: Curve Control Points The next figure displays the control points of a curve.

Click Free. or click the curve. To define the curve to lie off of the current plane. 3. 1. or click the curve. 2. To Create a Free Curve Free curves can lie anywhere in three-dimensional space. Any other value moves the datum plane by the specified amount. The curve is a child of the surface. to complete About Curves on Surfaces You can create a COS by manually specifying points through which you want the curve to pass on a surface or by dropping (that is. Click on the active plane to define the points for the curve. The default setting is 0. If you do not specify a depth. 6. 4. Middle-click to complete the curve and create another.Help Topic Collection 4. Click along the green line to determine the depth of the curve. To be able to modify the Offset value outside Style. 5. 5. Middle-click to complete the curve and create another. all points on a COS are constrained to lie on a single surface so that the curve is also on the surface. 2. 1. Click or Styling > Curve to open the Style dashboard. 3. Note: You can set curvature continuity for a valid COS. 6. If necessary. rotate the view. Middle-click to complete the curve and create another. to complete To Create a Planar Curve This creates a curve that lies on a specified plane at creation and does not allow you to move any of its points off of the plane while editing. Click Planar on the dashboard. the curve lies on the active datum plane by default. 86 . Click or Styling > Curve to open the Style dashboard. click the check box. Define points for the curve on the active datum plane. unless you convert it to a free curve.Style . click Refs to open the Planar or Free dialog box and enter an offset value. Click Styling > Set Active Plane to set the active datum plane to where you want to enter your first point. or click . projecting) a curve on a surface. 7. However. 4.0. Click Styling > Set Active Plane to set the active datum plane where you want to enter your first point.

Style orients the curve or curves normal to the selected datum plane and then drops them onto the surface. 2. Click or Styling > Drop Curve to open the Style dashboard. then you can edit the curves using the Curve Edit tool. 1. 87 . To Create a COS by Points In this procedure. When you define COS points. Click . Click COS. The Style dashboard opens. individual COS curves are created for each component of the composite surface. Select a datum plane. 2. Therefore. and Style creates a COS that goes through the definition points. 3. 3. About Offsetting Curves On Surface You can offset a COS on the same surface as that of the COS or perpendicular to the surface on which it lies using Styling > Offset COS. Click . Click Styling > Offset COS. and then middle-click. Define points along a selected surface. To Create an Offset of a Curve On Surface 1. To Create a COS by Drop 1. 4. Click or Styling > Curve to open the Style dashboard. Redefining Offset Curves Offset curves maintain history. Select a Curve On Surface (COS). and then middle-click. you can a create COS by specifying points on the individual components of a composite surface. Select a surface or surfaces on which to drop the curve.Style When you drop a curve on a composite surface. If you unlink the offset curves from the parent curve using Edit > Unlink. Select the curve or curves that you want to drop onto the specified surface. 5. you can use snapping functionality to snap to other vertices or datum points as long as they all lie on the same surface. you cannot edit offset curves using the Curve Edit tool. Similarly. but you can redefine them and change the offset options using Edit > Definition. you use the Curve tool to create a COS by defining points. o o An offset of the COS is created on the same surface as that of the COS. 2. 4.

Offset check box. 5. 6. and Normal check box are available on the dashboard. Click . This results in more than one offset curve. The next figure shows an offset of a COS which is perpendicular to the surface on which the COS lies. Example: Offset of a Curve On Surface The next figure shows an offset of a COS which lies on the same surface as that of the COS.Style . Click the Normal check box to offset the COS perpendicular to the surface on which it lies.Help Topic Collection o Offset box. Type a negative value to reverse the direction of the offset. Note: Some offset values can produce cusps or self-crossing curves where the curve splits into multiple curves to retain the cusp-point. 3. Type a value as the distance for the offset in the Offset box. Click the Offset check box to export the offset value for modification outside Style. 4. 88 .

89 .Style About Curves from Surface You can create a free or COS curve from an isoparametric line of a surface. Alternatively. When the parent curves are updated. the planes and the planar curves are regenerated. Click Free or COS on the Style dashboard. 4. Click . 7. The soft-plane can slide along its parent curve while remaining normal to the parent curve. the resulting curve from surface is limited to the edge of the trimmed surface. separate curves are created for each component of the composite surface. Select a point on the surface through which the curve must pass. 3. To Create a Curve from Surface 1. A composite surface. About Radial-Path Planar Curves You can create a curve that lies on a soft-plane that it is normal to the parent curve at a selected point on the parent curve. A curve from surface that displays the default orientation is created. Press SHIFT to snap the curve to the surface. 6. on the Style dashboard click the Options tab and type a value in the Value box. 2. 5. • • A trimmed surface. Drag the curve to slide across the surface and position it. Press CTRL and click on the surface to change the curve direction. Click Styling > Curve from Surface to open the Style dashboard. Curves from surface do not maintain history. If you apply Curve From Surface to.

90 . The default is Length Ratio. 4. Click or Styling > Curve. Click Planar on the dashboard. relative to the total length of the parent curve. Length Ratio—Maintains the position of the soft-plane to the percentage of the length from the start of the parent curve to the plane. Middle-click to complete the creation of this curve. Lock to Point—Locks the soft-plane at a defining point on the parent curve. Is normal to the parent curve at the selected point. Click Reference selection arrow under Planar or Free. finding the closest defining point on the parent curve. Parameter—Maintains the position of the soft-plane by keeping its parameter constant along the curve. To determine the position of the plane and how this position updates during regeneration. This is the default. Click the Value check box to export the value for modification outside Style. the value parametrically closest to the previous value is used. The Style dashboard opens. Type a value for the selected type in the Value box.Help Topic Collection To Create a Radial-Path Planar Curve 1. The soft-plane: o o Displays a grid that is similar to that of the active datum plane. If multiple intersections are found.Style . Click anywhere on the parent curve to construct a soft-plane at that point. typically an endpoint. or click Curve tool. Select points on the soft-plane to create the radial-path planar curve. Click the Refs tab. 7. 5. Offset from Plane—Determines the position of the soft-plane by intersecting the parent curve with a plane at a given offset. 2. 6. 3. Repeat steps 4-9 to create more curves. to complete and exit the Example: Radial-Path Planar Curve For explanatory purposes the next figure shows a merged image of three Radial-Path Planar Curves with their respective soft-planes in the curve edit mode. Select one of the following options in the Type box under Radial Plane. Length—Determines the distance from the start of the parent curve to the soft-plane. 9. 8. b. a. 10.

the curve retains its shape proportionally. 1 Parent curve 2 Soft-plane 3 Radial-path planar curve Editing Curves About Proportional Update A curve with proportional update allows the free points of the curve to move in proportion to the soft-points. 91 .Style Note: On the screen. you can only see the soft-plane associated with a radial-path planar curve that is being edited currently. During curve edits. A curve without proportional update only changes shape at the soft-point during edits.

Select the curve to edit. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. Click . you can define the datum plane or offset for the curve to lie on. 92 . planar. or at absolute distances from the coordinate system origin. The curve is projected onto the current datum plane. and COS—are displayed as options. Use the ALT key to drag points normal to the active plane. Use CTRL + ALT to move points vertically or horizontally with respect to the view. The three curve types—free. Click and drag a free point anywhere on the screen. If you change a free curve to a planar curve. Select the curve to edit. 1. You can perform editing tasks directly as described below: o o Click and drag a soft-point along the curve. 4. or surface. Select the curve to edit. You can also select the curve and then click 3. 2. Enter xyz coordinate values for placing the point of a Free curve. 2. . Select the new curve type. and planar curves can change to free. The coordinate values can be specified relative to the original placement. . 1. edge.Help Topic Collection To Select Curves for Edit You can select curves for editing in two ways—directly or using the Query Bin. o o o 4. Use of the Query Bin is helpful when you have to select one curve from a spot where many curves exist. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. Click To Change the Curve Type Free curves can change to planar. You can also select the curve and then click To Edit Curve Points 1. . 3. 2. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. Neither free nor planar curves can be changed to COSs.Style . Free points move in a plane parallel to the current datum plane and through the original position of the point.

You can also constrain the movement in this manner by pressing ALT. Parameter—Maintains the position of the point by keeping its parameter along the curve constant. The available options are as follows: o o Length—Determines the distance from the beginning of the referenced curve to the point. The available options are as follows: Free—Point movement is not constrained. Click Point to display the point movement options. You can also constrain the movement in this manner by pressing CTRL + ALT. Select the curve to edit. a curve point that is snapped to a surface is linked. If multiple intersections are found. Horizontal/Vertical—Point movement is constrained to either horizontal or vertical. the value closest parametrically to the previous value is used. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. 3. Normal—Point movement is constrained to normal to the current datum plane. This is the default.Style To Constrain Point Movement While Editing 1. Note: Linked indicates a state. 2. To Change the Soft-Point Type 1. but that none of the above soft-point types are applicable. You can also click Point from the dashboard to display the Soft-Point options. This includes soft points on a surface or a plane and soft-points to a datum point or vertex. Lock to Point—Locks the soft-point to a defining point on the reference curve. it is not an action. 3. For example. 2. finding the closest defining point on the parent curve (typically an endpoint). Under Point. select the Drag options. relative to the total length of the curve. 93 o o o o . The point becomes free and defined at the current location. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. Select the curve to edit. Offset—Determines the position of the point by intersecting the referenced curve with a plane at a given offset. whichever direction you move the cursor in initially. Linked—Indicates that the point is a soft-point. Right-click on the soft-point to display the soft-point shortcut menu. Length Ratio—Maintains the position of the soft-point to the percentage of the length from the beginning of the curve to the point. o Unlink—disconnects the soft-point from the parent geometry.

This is the value to offset the curve from its current position. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. Click . 4. Click Refs to display the Planar options. About Editing Curve Tangents Using curve tangents. Click and drag the end of the tangent vector to change its angle and length. Type a value for Offset. you can change the shape of the curve and create connections with another curve or surface. You display the tangent vector by clicking on the end point of a selected curve. In the case of a connected curve. You can align the tangent of a curve to another unconnected curve.Style . 6. • If the tangent is completely free you can change both length and direction by dragging the displayed vector. Direct manipulation of the tangent vector on the screen can be affected by settings in the Tangent options on the Style dashboard. Click the Reference selection arrow and select a new datum plane or a planar surface for the curve to lie on. You can swap the leader/follower direction (and the underlying soft-point) by clicking on the end of the leader tangent to move the arrow. 3. The follower tangent can be dragged to change length only (the direction is constrained by the leader). the tangent handle has two parts: a regular tangent vector on the leader and an arrow tangent vector on the follower. drag the grid display to change the offset value. • • • 94 .Help Topic Collection To Change a Planar Curve Position You can change the datum plane that a planar curve lies on. or you can offset a planar curve from its current position. or go to the next step. 1. 5. Most other constraints (such as Align or Fix Angle) allow you to modify only the length since the direction is constrained. Alternatively. 2. holding down the ALT key. About Direct Manipulation of Curve Tangents Direct manipulation of curve tangents that are not connected to another curve is quite simple. Select a planar curve. The leader tangent may have any of the other constraints (except Tangent or Curvature) applied. Changing the type of the follower tangent to anything except Tangent or Curvature breaks the connection with the leader curve.

o o o o o o 7. Under Properties. specify the following if applicable: o o o Angle—Type an angle into the Angle box to specify a tangent's exact angle. After you modify them. Click the curve's endpoint to display the tangent vector for a curve with interpolation points. Free—Uses a user–specified tangent. and is measured in degrees. changing the vector's length and position. 4. or go to the next step. 1. or right-click over the tangent vector to display the Tangent options. and you can drag the tangent freely. Natural tangents change to free as soon as you manipulate them. Click Tangent on the Style dashboard. if desired. Normal—Sets the current direction to be perpendicular to a reference datum plane that you select. but allows you to change the length by dragging. Click the tangent vector and drag it around the screen. Fix Angle—Sets the current direction. 2. Horizontal—Sets the current direction to horizontal relative to the grid of the current datum plane. 95 . select one of the following primary tangent constraints from the First box: o Natural—Uses the natural mathematical tangent for the defining points. if desired. but allows you to change length by dragging. the segment between the endpoint and the previous point is selected. Type a value in the Elevation box.Style To Change a Tangent's Directional Constraints You can change a curve's shape in two ways by changing its tangent's direction— click and drag the tangent vector on the screen. if desired. Vertical—Sets the current direction to vertical relative to the grid of the current datum plane. Elevation—Elevation is a measure of how much the tangent comes out with respect to the tangent reference datum plane. 3. the direction and length you specify are respected. or use the Tangent options on the Style dashboard. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. but allows you to change the length by dragging. Length—Type a value into the Length box to specify a tangent's exact length. Align—Sets the current direction to a reference location on another curve. For Curves with control points. 6. This is the default for newly–created curves. The tangent may change direction as you modify the defining points. Select a curve. 5. Under Constraints.

Note: The drag setting does not apply any constraints to the currently selected tangent. 4. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard.Help Topic Collection Note: You can specify elevation only for Free curves. . but only affects dragging any tangent using the mouse. Click Note: • • • Every tangent can have its own unique reference plane. While changing constraints. but the original tangent value of the leader curve is maintained. for constraining primary and elevation angle. which becomes the leader. o To Create Curve Connections Using Tangent Constraints 1. If the value of the tangent elevation angle is 90 degrees.Style . you can use the horizontal and vertical direction reference (H/V axis) of the datum plane. Length—Locks the current direction of the tangent so that only the length changes. Reference—Click the selection arrow to choose a new reference plane for this tangent. 9. 96 . You can constrain the control point tangents as well as interpolation point tangents. select one of the following primary tangent constraints from the First box that apply to connections with neighboring curves and surfaces: Symmetric—Sets the tangents of two adjoining curves to be the average of the tangents at the end points. Click Tangent on the dashboard. or right-click over the tangent vector to display the Tangent options. If the selected endpoint is a soft-point. Alternatively. 8. hold down the CTRL and ALT keys while dragging the tangent. 3. the tangent is constrained to follow the tangent of the neighbor. Alternatively. modifying the tangent angle has no effect on the tangent direction as the elevation controls the tangent direction. hold down the ALT key while dragging the tangent. Changing the Drag setting changes the way the tangent vector is directly manipulated on the screen: o o Free—Motion of the tangent is unconstrained. Angle + Elev—Locks the current length of the tangent so that only the angle and elevation change. Under Constraints. 2. Tangent—Same as symmetric. Select a curve and click the curve's endpoint to display the tangent vector. 10.

5. 5. the tangent gets projected on the tangent plane. Surface Curvature—sets the selected curve tangent to follow the crossboundary curvature of the parent surface. You can further constrain its placement by specifying the second tangent constraint. You can also add secondary constraints.Style Curvature—Same as tangent. 2. Optionally. Type the secondary constraint type in the Second box. Select the required curves with surface tangents for adding secondary tangent constraints. You can select those tangents with the primary tangent type Surface Tangent or Surface Curvature. Click or click Styling > Curve Edit. Click . The Tangent dialog box opens. but the original curvature value of the leader curve is maintained. 97 . You can also add secondary constraints. The following options create connections with neighboring surfaces: Surface Tangent—Sets the selected curve tangent to follow the tangent curvature of the parent surface. Select the tangent and click Tangent on the Style dashboard. 3. About Dual Constraints for Surface Tangents When the primary constraint on a curve tangent is Surface Tangent or Surface Curvature. This requires that the selected endpoint is a soft-point to a surface. Click . 4. This requires that the selected endpoint is a softpoint to a surface boundary. The following secondary constraints are valid: • • • • • • • Natural Free Fix Angle Horizontal Vertical Normal Align To Create Dual Constraints for Surface Tangents 1. you can also change the values of the available parameters by directly dragging the tangent as required.

there is an easy way to set secondary types. Right-click and select Combine. Click to complete the curve operation. Select a curve. 3. You can use the secondary constraint type Normal only if the active datum plane normal lies in the tangent plane. If there is more than one neighbor curve at the endpoint. then right-click again and choose Surface Tangent or Surface Curvature. The two curves are merged into a single curve. Click To Combine Curves 1. which changes shape in order to maintain smoothness. 3. 2. 98 . 2. Right-click on the tangent and select the secondary type for the tangent. Midpoint—Adds a point at the midpoint of the two existing points on each side of the selected location. 1. Select an endpoint of the curve. 5. The two resulting curves are joined by a soft-point at their ends. 4. Pro/ENGINEER prompts you to select which curve to combine with the selected curve. which can visibly change the shape of the curve.Style . To Split a Curve You can divide a single curve into two pieces at a selected point. to complete the curve. The original tangent type becomes the secondary. Right-click anywhere on the curve and select one of the following options: o o Add—Adds a point at the location selected. Click or Styling > Curve Edit. To Add Points to Curves When you add a point to a curve Style refits the curve through the defining points.Help Topic Collection Note: • • • You can constrain the control point tangents as well as interpolation point tangents. Click or Styling > Curve Edit. 4. You can use the secondary constraint type Align only if the curve tangent for the curve selected for alignment lies in the tangent plane. Tip: Setting the Secondary Tangent Type If you use the shortcut menu to set the tangent types.

To Make a Curve Planar Between Its End Points 1. 3. Select Planar on Endpoints on the shortcut menu. if necessary. Select a curve. while making the curves planar between their endpoints. Click . Then press SHIFT + ALT. click the endpoint of the curve and click outside the curve. Select the end point and drag the curve to extend it. A point gets added to the curve. Right-click on a curve to display the shortcut menu. 5. 2. Click or Styling > Curve Edit. 4. The curves do not maintain history when they are made planar between their endpoints. press SHIFT + ALT. When you make curves planar between their endpoints the curves and their endpoints lie on a plane that is perpendicular to the active datum plane. Click or Styling > Curve Edit. About Making Curves Planar Between Their Endpoints You can make free curves planar between their endpoints. 4. The resulting curves change shape as they refit to the new defining points. 3. Select a point on a curve. To extend a curve by adding points to it. 6. To Extend a Curve 1. Click . 5. click Point and select Tangent or Curvature from the Extend list. Pro/ENGINEER modifies free tangents. This retains the number of points on the curve. The curve is split at the specified point. Right-click and select Split. 7. To extend a curve by adding a point along the tangent or curvature extension of the curve.Style 1. Click or Styling > Curve Edit. Click . Note: You cannot make curves planar between their endpoints if they contain constrained internal points or endpoints with tangent constraints. 2. and drag the new endpoint of the curve to the desired location along the tangent or curvature line. 99 . 2. Select a curve or a set of curves. Repeat the steps to add the required number of points. 4. 3.

Click or Styling > Curve Edit. typically an endpoint. hold down ALT and drag the softplane to reposition the plane dynamically along the parent curve. Type a value in the Value box under Radial Plane to reposition the plane along the parent curve. 8. Select one of the following options in the Type box under Radial Plane. Alternatively. About Importing Curves You can create new Style free curves by importing curve entities created outside the Style feature. The Style dashboard opens. Select a radial-path planar curve. finding the closest defining point on the parent curve. relative to the total length of the parent curve. 100 . Note: Change the reference to change from a radial-path planar curve to a planar curve. To change the position of the plane and how this position updates during regeneration. This is the default. 9. 5. Length Ratio—Maintains the position of the soft-plane to the percentage of the length from the start of the parent curve to the plane. Click the Reference selection arrow under Planar or Free. Click the Value check box if you want to export the value for modification outside Style. If multiple intersections are found. b. Offset from Plane—Determines the position of the soft-plane by intersecting the parent curve with a plane at a given offset. Lock to Point—Locks the soft-plane at a defining point on the parent curve. Click . a. Parameter—Maintains the position of the soft-plane by keeping its parameter along the curve constant. 7. Importing curves in this fashion is helpful when working with curves created from other sources such as IGES and Adobe Illustrator. Length—Determines the distance from the start of the parent curve to the soft-plane. Reselect a datum plane or curve reference. 2.Help Topic Collection To Redefine a Radial-Path Planar Curve 1. 4. 6. Click the Refs tab. Drag the points on the curve to edit the curve. the value parametrically closest to the previous value is used. 3.Style .

IGES) Datum curves created in Pro/ENGINEER Style curves created in another Style feature Curves created using Adobe Illustrator Note: • • • Pro/ENGINEER ignores any selected curves that already belong to the current Style feature. you can: • • • • • Change the point location by dragging the selected points on the selected curves. The new curves created in Style after importing the curves are independent of the original curves. To Import Curves 1. New Style free curves are created from the selected curves. 3. 2. Using the Styling > Curve Edit option for multiple curves. Move one point or tangent on multiple curves. Change the tangent type for selected curves. Some curves require an approximation. Select any curve or edge that is not a current Style curve or edge. or by entering the required values. • • • • Datum curves imported into Pro/ENGINEER (For example. This approximation is controlled by the internal tolerance. 101 .Style You can import the following types of curves into a Style feature. Change references for planar curves from one datum plane to another. Change the length and angle of the tangents for selected curves either by dragging the tangents. Click Styling > Curve from Datum. Create or redefine a Style feature. Offset multiple planar curves by directly dragging them or by entering the offset value. Multiple edits include the following: • • • Move multiple points or tangents on one curve. or by entering the values for the changed location. Editing Multiple Curves About Multiple Curve Edits Multiple curve edits are supported using Styling > Curve Edit. Move multiple points or tangents on multiple curves.

Select a curve to be edited. The coordinate values can be specified relative to the original placement. 2. Use CTRL + ALT to move points vertically or horizontally with respect to the view. 6. For multiple curve edits. 2.Help Topic Collection • • • Convert planar curves to free curves and vice versa. click and select the required curves. Select free points or tangents for editing on the selected curves using CTRL + click. Move points and adjust tangents as required. 1. Holding down the CTRL key. 3. Style does not allow you to: • • • Add points to or delete points from multiple curves. Make sure that no curves or points are selected by clicking in the graphics window outside the model. To Change the Location of Multiple Points 1. Drag the point selected last to drag all these points directly in the graphics window or click the Point tab on the dashboard to open the Point dialog box. Snapping of a point applies only to that point. 3. you can type the coordinate values for placing the point.Style . Make selected parameters for the selected curves visible. Select additional curves to be edited using CTRL + click. 5. All other points are moved without snapping. Perform combine or split operations on multiple curves Change the soft-point constraints. or at absolute distances from the coordinate system origin. Optionally. . Click to edit the selected curves as specified. Select points on the selected curves for changing the location using CTRL + click. To Edit Multiple Curves This is the generic procedure to edit multiple curves. 4. including the unlink operation. 102 . 4. Click Note: • • • • All these points are displaced by the same relative offset. Convert COS curves to free curves. Use the ALT key to drag points normal to the active plane.

Click . click Tangent on the dashboard and change the required tangent type using the Tangent dialog box. Curvature. In addition. or soft-points with plane offset constraints. type an angle into the Angle text box to specify a tangent's exact angle. Optionally. Surface Tangent. 2. 4.Style • You cannot drag constrained soft-points that are fixed such as points snapped to a vertex or a datum point. Holding down the CTRL key. Click . o o o Optionally. 5. Optionally. To change the tangent type. from the Style toolbar. Holding down the CTRL key. 2. You can also right-click on the tangent to display the Style shortcut menu and select the required tangent type. 4. you can also choose to change the datum reference for these curves. select the planar curves to be edited. Style offsets the selected curves with the specified value. Holding down the CTRL key. To Change the Tangent Options for Multiple Curves 1. Click the Reference arrow icon and select the datum plane to be used as a new reference for the selected curves. Select a planar curve to be edited. Select additional planar curves to be edited using CTRL + left-mouse button. 2. click on the curves to select them. Note: You cannot change the tangent types to Symmetric. click at the endpoints of the curves to select their tangents. To Offset Multiple Planar Curves 1. 3. soft-points at planar intersections with other curves. 5. or Surface Curvature while editing multiple curve tangents. Click Refs on the dashboard. Click Styling > Curve Edit or click 3. Type an offset value in the Offset box. type a value into the Length text box to specify a tangent's exact length. 103 . Click Styling > Curve Edit or click from the Style toolbar. To Change References for Multiple Planar Curves 1. Tangent. type an angle into the Elevation text box to specify a tangent's exact elevation angle.

Toggling the visibility for parameters is allowed at any time while editing the object. click Free on the dashboard and click . Parameters for internal datums are automatically visible outside the Style feature. 6. after selecting the COS curves. To convert COS curves to free curves. To convert planar curves to free curves. You can make the following types of Style parameters visible outside Style: • • • • Tangent Length. Select additional curves to edit using CTRL + left-mouse button. Length Ratio. Style Parameters About Parameters in Style Parameters in Style features are supported for modification outside the style feature. you can also choose to offset the selected curves with reference to this datum plane by entering a positive or negative value in the Offset box. click Free on the dashboard and click . Angle. Select a curve to be edited. Click the Reference arrow icon and select the datum plane to be used as a reference for the selected curves. Click Styling > Curve Edit or click 4.Help Topic Collection 3. Click Styling > Curve Edit or click . In addition. 5. and Offset from Plane Internal datum parameters such as translation offset and angular offset To Make Style Parameters Visible For Style parameters. after selecting the curves.Style . Click Refs on the dashboard. 3. Click to edit the selected curves as specified. after selecting the curves. 2. 6. . 104 . selecting the check box next to the parameter makes the parameter visible outside Style. but other types of parameters must be explicitly exposed. click Planar on the dashboard and click . To Convert Multiple Curves 1. 4. 5. Length. To convert free curves to planar curves. and Elevation Angle Offset Plane value for planar curves Soft point options Parameter.

During creation or redefinition. you must first make them visible by selecting the checkbox next to the parameter in Style. 105 . 2. The set of curves along a single boundary can consist of different types of curves. To Obtain Information on Parameters Visible parameters are displayed by entity using the Info menu. but they must join at the ends with tangent or curvature continuity. The defining curves of Style surfaces must either have soft-point connections. and select Edit. Outside Style. Composite surfaces are composed of a set of surfaces but are treated as a single entity. or blend) to another type by selecting a different set of defining curves. you can convert any type of Style surface (boundary. right-click. To edit the Style parameters outside Style. A cross curve is a curve that intersects the primary curve or curves. Loft Surface—Is created from a set of nonintersecting curves that flow in the same direction. such surfaces are treated as a single quilt. You need not trim curves back to absolute corners. Double-click the required dimension and type a new value for it. partial boundaries are supported. 3. Blend Surface—Is created from one or two primary curves and at least one cross curve. 1. Click Edit > Regenerate. You can check the parameters that have been exposed after completing the Style feature by clicking Info > Feature. About Composite Surfaces Surfaces with more than one curve as a single boundary or internal curve are composite surfaces. The surface normals of the component surfaces are oriented consistently with each other. These surfaces can also be composite surfaces.Style To Edit Parameters Outside Style To be able to edit parameters outside Style. or share vertices at the endpoints whenever two curves need to intersect. The model regenerates to reflect the changed parameter values. A set of primary curves with optional internal curves defines the complete boundary of the surface. Surfaces About Surfaces You can create the following types of surfaces using the Surface tool with one or more defining curves or edges: Boundary Surface—Has a rectangular or triangular boundary. Select the feature from the Model Tree. loft.

Note: To change the natural boundary of a triangular surface. if required.Style . Click . 4. Triangular surfaces have one degenerate edge. Press SHIFT and select multiple curves in a single internal curve. respectively. About Triangular Surfaces Triangular surfaces in Style are created in the same way as rectangular surfaces. Click opens. Click the Internal selection arrow on the Style dashboard if you want to select internal curves. 3. including Info. The surface is created. 7. Click on the arrows shown across the surface boundaries to modify connections between the new surface and its neighbors. Select three or four boundary curves to create a triangular or rectangular boundary surface. 2. The edge opposite the degenerate vertex is called the natural boundary. Surface utilities that are valid for rectangular surfaces are also valid for triangular surfaces. The Select dialog box opens. Click opens. You can change a triangular surface into a rectangular one by using Edit > Definition to add another boundary curve. Edit > Delete. and then click the selection arrow and select the new boundary. Edit > Unlink. the first boundary curve that you select is the natural boundary. To Create a Loft Surface 1. or Styling > Surface. Note: o o Press CTRL and select multiple boundaries. Click OK in the Select dialog box. 8. Press SHIFT and select multiple curves in a single boundary. View > Model Setup > Mesh Surface. The Style dashboard and the Select dialog box 2. but they have three boundaries instead of four. When you create a triangular surface. Edit > Definition. Select one or more internal curves. Note: o o Press CTRL and select multiple internal curves. Click OK in the Select dialog box. The Style dashboard and the Select dialog box 106 . 6. or Styling > Surface.Help Topic Collection To Create a Boundary Surface 1. click Options on the dashboard.

Select one or more cross curves that intersect the primary curve or curves. Note: o o Press CTRL and select multiple defining curves. To Create a Blend Surface 1. The Style dashboard and the Select dialog box 2. The surface is created. Select a set of nonintersecting curves that flow in the same direction to create a loft surface. Note: If you have selected two primary curves earlier. Press SHIFT and select multiple curves in a single defining curve. Click on the arrows shown across the surface boundaries to modify connections between the new surface and its neighbors. 107 . if required. 3. Note: o o Press CTRL and select multiple defining curves. then a loft surface is created which changes to a blend surface when you select cross curves. 4. or Styling > Surface. The blend surface is created and displayed. Click OK in the Select dialog box. Example: Loft Surface The next figure shows a loft surface. 5. Press SHIFT and select multiple curves in a single defining curve. 3. Click OK in the Select dialog box. Click . Click opens.Style 2. Select one or two primary curves. 4.

Press CTRL and select multiple cross curves. Under Blend. 6. Click . click the following: o o Radial—Creates a surface with a radial blend. 5. 8.Style . then select cross curves using Cross selection arrow. Click on the arrows shown across the surface boundaries to modify connections between the new surface and its neighbors. Press SHIFT and select multiple curves in a single cross curve. Uniform—Creates a surface with a uniform blend. 7. Click the Options tab. 108 . In Style. create a primary curve using the Curve tool as shown below.Help Topic Collection Note: o o o If you have selected two primary curves earlier. if required. Example: Creating Radial Blend Surfaces This example shows how to create radial and parallel blend surfaces. Set an active datum plane that is perpendicular to the plane on which the primary curve lies and create a curve that intersects the primary curve as shown.

Next.Style Create a blend surface using Styling > Surface. select the curve that intersects the primary curves using the Cross selection arrow on the dashboard. To create a blend surface. The following figure shows a blend surface that is created when the Radial check box is selected. first select the primary curve. 109 .

Help Topic Collection The following figure shows a blend surface that is created when the Radial check box is not selected.Style . 110 .

In Style. Create a blend surface using Styling > Surface. create two primary curves using the Curve tool as shown.Style Example: Creating Uniform Blend Surfaces This example shows how to create uniform and nonuniform blend surfaces. To create a blend surface first select two primary curves. Set an active datum plane that is perpendicular to the plane on which the primary curves lie. A loft surface is created. Create a curve that intersects the primary curves as shown. 111 .

Style . The following figure shows a blend surface that is created when the Uniform checkbox is selected. 112 .Help Topic Collection Next. select a curve that intersects the primary curves using the Cross selection arrow on the dashboard.

Style The following figure shows a blend surface that is created when the Uniform checkbox is not selected. provided you obey the following rules: • • You cannot add a COS as an internal curve. Internal curves cannot intersect consecutive (contiguous) boundaries. About Internal Curves In Style. 1 Correct 2 Incorrect 113 . internal curves are curves that define the shape of the interior of a surface. Any number of internal curves can be added to a Style surface. as shown in the following diagram.

1 Correct 2 Incorrect 3 Incorrect • An internal curve cannot intersect the surface boundary at more than two points. as shown in the following diagram.Help Topic Collection • Generally. as shown in the following diagram. 114 . internal curves must have soft-points wherever they intersect the surface boundaries or other internal curves. as shown in the following diagram. as shown in the following diagram. 1 Correct 2 Incorrect • The internal curve must intersect both borders of the surface. • If two internal curves cross the same borders. they cannot intersect within the surface.Style .

Note: • • Style creates a new subfeature within the active Style feature each time you use the trim operation. After a triangular surface has internal curves. Continue? If you click Yes. you can trim surfaces and quilts using a set of curves. the internal curves are deleted.Style 1 Correct 2 Incorrect About Internal Curves in Triangular Surfaces Triangular surfaces may have internal curves only if the internal curves that are perpendicular to the natural boundary pass through the degenerate vertex. and then regenerate. Edit the connections between surfaces using . Right-click to select Edit Definition on the shortcut menu and select the surface. By default. You can keep or delete the resulting trimmed quilt pieces. About Trimming Surfaces In Style. 115 . Pro/ENGINEER does not delete any of the trimmed pieces. Click Edit > Definition to add or remove boundary or internal curves. Pro/ENGINEER displays a message: Changing natural boundary will cause the internal curves to be deleted. Trimming a surface does not change its parametric definition. the natural boundary remains unchanged. you cannot change the natural boundary without first removing the internal curves. Any soft-points or COS do not change after the trim operation. About Editing Surfaces There are several ways that you can edit surfaces: • • • • Edit the boundary or internal curves using . If you try to change the natural boundary for a surface that has one or more internal curves. If you click No.

5. Select one or more quilts to be trimmed. Select the trimmed surface that you want to redefine.Style . unlink. Select the curves that you want to use for trimming the quilt. Pro/ENGINEER displays an error message. You can toggle the selection. Style displays the mesh regions in colors that indicate your earlier choice of keeping or deleting them. 3. Select trimming curves such that the trimmed quilt pieces are not created. you can only cancel the trim operation. • To Redefine Trimmed Surfaces 1. that is. • • Copy. you can • • • • Use an already trimmed surface for another trim operation. Click to trim the selected surface. 4. Use the Info and Analysis options on the top menu bar for information and analysis of the trimmed surfaces. Style removes all the trims created after the trim that you are about to redefine or insert. 2. When redefining or inserting a trim in a nested trim operation.Help Topic Collection When using the trim operation. If you select all the trimmed pieces for deletion. Click on the surface mesh to select the trimmed pieces that you want to keep or delete. Create COS. 2. and soft-points on the trimmed surfaces just like any other Style surfaces. Right-click and select Edit Definition. move. dropped curves. Style allows nested trim operations. Create connections across the trim boundaries. Style does not allow you to do the following. If creating or redefining the trim does not result in a valid trimmed quilt. About Redefining Trimmed Surfaces • • You cannot redefine the trim operation if it does not create trimmed pieces. To Trim a Surface 1. 116 . The quilt is trimmed using the selected curves if they form valid trim pieces. If you select a trimmed surface for redefining the trim operation. Click or click Styling > Trim. or convert trimmed surfaces. These trim features are restored and resolved after you complete the trim operation.

• About Direct Manipulation of Curve Tangents Direct manipulation of curve tangents that are not connected to another curve is quite simple. If the selected endpoint is a soft-point. which becomes the leader. The following kinds of connections can be made between curves: • Symmetric—sets the tangents of two adjoining curves to be the average of the tangents at the end points. To Delete Trimmed Surfaces To delete a trim surface that is created as a subfeature of the Style feature. In Style. the tangent handle has two parts: a regular tangent vector on the leader and an arrow tangent vector on the follower. You can: o o o Select the mesh regions to delete. This requires that the selected endpoint is a soft-point to a surface. Tangent—same as symmetric. but the original curvature value of the leader curve is maintained. Surface Curvature—sets the selected curve tangent to follow the crossboundary curvature of the parent surface. while a follower curve adapts its shape to meet the leader. Cancel the deletion of the deleted mesh regions. • If the tangent is completely free you can change both length and direction by dragging the displayed vector. The 117 • . In the case of a connected curve. curve connections use the concepts of leader and follower curves. Select a new curve or curves to trim the quilt.Style Style displays the mesh regions in different colors that indicate your earlier choice of keeping or deleting them. Most other constraints (such as Align or Fix Angle) allow you to modify only the length since the direction is constrained. select the trimmed quilt piece and click Edit > Delete. This requires that the selected endpoint is a softpoint to a surface boundary. • • The following options create connections between curves and neighboring surfaces: • Surface Tangent—sets the selected curve tangent to follow the cross-boundary tangent of the parent surface. but the original tangent value of the leader curve is maintained. Curvature—same as tangent. A leader curve maintains its shape. the tangent is constrained to follow the tangent of the neighbor. Connections About Curve Connections Curve connections are created using Styling > Curve Edit.

5. but there is no shared tangent or curvature across the boundary. which becomes the leader. 3. To Create Curve Connections Using Tangent Constraints 1.Help Topic Collection follower tangent can be dragged to change length only (the direction is constrained by the leader). If the selected endpoint is a soft-point. Under Constraints. Click or Styling > Curve Edit to open the Style dashboard. A leader surface does not change its shape while a follower surface changes its shape to meet the leader. This requires that the selected endpoint is a softpoint to a surface boundary. This requires that the selected endpoint is a soft-point to a surface. Select a curve and click the curve's endpoint to display the tangent vector. 4. You can also add secondary constraints. 118 . The following options create connections with neighboring surfaces: Surface Tangent—Sets the selected curve tangent to follow the tangent curvature of the parent surface. but the original curvature value of the leader curve is maintained. About Surface Connections Surface connections. You can swap the leader/follower direction (and the underlying soft-point) by clicking on the end of the leader tangent to move the arrow. 2. Tangent—Same as symmetric. Surface Curvature—sets the selected curve tangent to follow the crossboundary curvature of the parent surface. Surface connections in Style are as described: • Matched (G0)—The surfaces share a common boundary. Curvature—Same as tangent. like curve connections. Click Tangent on the dashboard. or right-click over the tangent vector to display the Tangent options. Click . select one of the following primary tangent constraints from the First box that apply to connections with neighboring curves and surfaces: Symmetric—Sets the tangents of two adjoining curves to be the average of the tangents at the end points. • • You can align the tangent of a curve to another unconnected curve. are based on the concepts of leaders and followers.Style . the tangent is constrained to follow the tangent of the neighbor. but the original tangent value of the leader curve is maintained. Changing the type of the follower tangent to anything except Tangent or Curvature breaks the connection with the leader curve. The leader tangent may have any of the other constraints (except Tangent or Curvature) applied. You can also add secondary constraints.

Selected—Shows the connections between the selected surfaces. The arrows between the surfaces represent the connections between the surfaces. 5. Press the SHIFT key and click the middle of the arrow to return to matched connection. or position continuity of the associated boundary curves. Click or click Styling > Connect to open the Style dashboard. or of other Style surfaces that occur earlier in the model tree. if desired: o o All—Shows the connections between the selected surfaces and all adjacent surfaces. Click the middle of the arrow to toggle between tangent or curvature connection. o o o Click the end of the arrow to change the leader/follower. Modify the Icon Length value to change the size of the connection arrow. Curvature (G2)—The surfaces are tangent continuous across the boundary. Click . 3. such as Pro/ENGINEER surfaces. 6. inverting the leader-follower relationship at one of the handles inverts all others along the boundary. Connections within the composite surface operate as a group and are shown in a different color. 4. Style surfaces are followers of any non-Style surfaces. A matched connection has no connection except the shared boundary curve. Click the connection arrow to change the connections between surfaces.Style • • Tangent (G1)—Two surfaces have a common boundary. 119 . tangent. 2. if desired. To Connect Surfaces This procedure describes how to set connections between adjoining surfaces: 1. The continuity for composite surfaces is the maximum given the curvature. Controlling Surface Connections in Composite Surfaces You can control connections across the composite boundaries but you cannot control connections within the composite surfaces. and that at every point along that boundary they are tangent to each other. Change the surfaces for which connections are displayed. For example. and share curvature along the common boundary. Select a set of surfaces. The arrow points from the leader surface to the follower.

Click Select tool) and select geometry directly in the main window. the planar constraints are not violated. if necessary. The copy may be unlinked. Copy duplicates the selected geometry and allows you to position it.Help Topic Collection About Surface Connections with Triangular Surfaces Surface connections to triangular surfaces are handled similarly as other connections with the following additional restrictions: • • The surface's natural boundary may be a leader or follower of another surface with G1 or G2 connections. Click anywhere in the window background to unselect all objects. 2. The two edges that are not the natural boundary may be G1 leaders only.Style . Press CTRL and drag on selected curves to copy and move them. • • Move allows you to reposition Style geometry. Style Editing Tools To Select Entities 1. Use the following methods for selecting geometry with the Select tool: o o o o Click on an unselected object. CTRL + click on a selected object to unselect it. For example. Soft-points are preserved during a copy. CTRL + click to select additional objects. Then. if you want to delete multiple surfaces. About Moving and Copying Style Geometry Move and copy functionality in Style applies only to Style curves. when you click Edit > Delete. in which case references to the geometry being copied are unlinked. Using Selection for Move and Copy Use the following shortcuts in the Select tool for moving and copying curves: • • Press CTRL + SHIFT and drag on selected curves to move them. all selected surfaces are deleted at once. Copy Proportional duplicates the selected geometry. hold down the CTRL key and click on each surface. but not COSs. retaining the original proportions when the endpoints of the first curve in the selected geometry are moved to new positions during duplication. For planar curves. • 120 . The functions apply to planar and free curves.

the x. Uniform under Options on the dashboard is on by default. if necessary. The default bases of the two vectors are the endpoints of the first curve in the selection set. 4. 3. You must remove the soft-point constraints to copy them proportionally or copy the constrained curves proportionally along with the parent curves. Two vectors that indicate the original and new positions of the two defining points of the first curve in the selection set are visible. Click Edit > Move or Copy. To Move and Copy Style Geometry 1. if necessary.y. Select one or more curves. 3. 5. Click the Unlink check box to remove any references to the geometry being copied. or enter xyz coordinate values to specify where to place the moved or copied geometry.z coordinate values are treated as offsets from the geometry's original position. Click . However. Press CTRL and drag the selected curves to copy and move them. the copied curves preserve the relationships that exist between the individual curves in the set of curves selected for copying. Note: Use the following shortcuts for moving and copying curves: • • Press CTRL + SHIFT and drag the selected curves to move them. A copy of the curve or set of curves is created. 2. To Copy Style Geometry Proportionally 1. Click Edit > Copy Proportional. If you click the Relative check box. 121 . Copying Curves with Soft-Point Constraint Proportionally Soft-point constraints do not allow you to copy curves proportionally. Click the Unlink check box to remove any references to the geometry being copied. Position the geometry by dragging. Select a curve or a set of curves.Style Copied curves do not maintain history with the original curves. The heads of the two vectors are offset proportionally from the bases. Unlink on the dashboard is off by default. 2. o o o o o o o The Style dashboard opens.

Clear the Uniform check box to scale the copy nonuniformly in each coordinate. Click Edit > Definition. 5. To Redefine Geometry 1. 2. Example: Copy Proportional The next figure shows a proportional copy of a single curve. Drag the arrow heads of vectors to scale. double-click the entity that you want to modify. translate or rotate the copied curve. The next figure shows proportional copies of a set of curves. surface. Modify the entities as desired. drop COS. 122 . Click . Select a curve. 3.Help Topic Collection 4. Alternately.Style . or surface trim. 6.

To Repeat a Style Command Click or middle-click to repeat a Style command. geometry ID. Since this operation cannot be undone. references. You cannot relink dropped curves that you have unlinked. 2. and you are prompted to delete. Deleting Geometry About Deleting Geometry If you attempt to delete parent geometry without deleting the children. This is also true for COSs by point. Information including the name. type. Surface connections can be deleted to unlink followers. Note: You can obtain information on an entire Style feature. you must confirm the conversion. Click Edit > Convert. the references. the children are highlighted. Unlinking a dropped curve breaks the associativity between curves created with the drop operation. geometry ID. 3. or suspend that geometry. and their visibility state appears in an Information window. modifications you make to the projected curve are propagated to the dropped curve during regeneration. referenced features.Style 4. 1. Internal curves can be removed from child surfaces. including all its component entities by clicking Info > Current Feature. you can unlink the child from the parent instead of deleting it. 2. Click . Curve connections can be deleted to unlink followers. type. referenced features. Information including the name. 123 . and their visibility state appears in an Information window. To Get Information on Style Features Click Info > Current Feature to obtain information on the current Style feature. Select the COS that you want to unlink. In cases where the parent being deleted is not essential to regeneration of the child. Note: You cannot redefine internal datum planes. Click Info > Entity to obtain information on selected entities. To Unlink COSs If a dropped curve is linked to the projected curve. To Get Information on Selected Entities 1. unlink. as in the following examples: • • • • Soft points can be converted to fixed points on free or planar curves.

To delete a point. Select a curve. Note: If you attempt to delete parent geometry without deleting the children. Regeneration About Style Regeneration The Style feature has an internal regeneration mechanism that regenerates entities only if they are out of date because their parents have changed. you can choose not to select this option to avoid the impact on performance. To Delete Curve Points Use the following procedure to delete curve points. yellow when the model is out-of-date.Style . or suspend that geometry. Suspension causes the children to fail to regenerate. only the entities contained in the Style feature are regenerated and not the entire Pro/ENGINEER model. Any entities that are upto-date are not regenerated. 124 . 4. 3. To Regenerate the Style Feature During Style regeneration. and you are prompted to delete. you can suspend the children. unlink. Click . if necessary. To Delete Geometry To delete any type of Style geometry except curve points and curve segments. Click Edit > Regenerate All to regenerate all Style features that are out of date. 1. The traffic light is green when the model is up-to-date. the children are highlighted. and red when there has been a failed regeneration. select the geometry you want to delete. If the Style feature is complicated. The option is set using the Styling > Preferences dialog box. The Auto Regenerate > Curves option allows you to automatically regenerate curves.Help Topic Collection If you choose not to delete or unlink the dependent children. with a large number of curves. Click or Styling > Curve Edit. and then click Edit > Delete. The selected geometry is deleted. 2. right-click and select Delete. all entities are regenerated. About Automatic Curve Regeneration By default curves automatically regenerate during editing. If you click Edit > Regenerate All. and you will have to resolve them at a later time.

If you click Shaded Surface from the Auto Regenerate options. if a child curve fails to regenerate. all children of the original curve.Style Automatic regeneration applies to all curve edit operations. The next auto-regeneration again tries to update the failed entity. In the case of splitting a curve. • Editing the curves that are used to create a surface automatically regenerates the surface. the processing of other non-dependent child curves is completed. only the wireframe surfaces get automatically regenerated. the Style feature automatically regenerates surfaces during editing. are updated. While automatically regenerating curves. About Resolve Mode Although you can continue to work with a Style feature that has unresolved internal entities. the surface does not regenerate. • • • Multiple curve edits are allowed. To Resolve a Style Feature 1. 125 . Curves that are children of a modified curve are updated. The system automatically enters Resolve mode under the following conditions: • • You attempt to exit Style and there are failed features. both wireframe and shaded surfaces get automatically regenerated. The Preferences dialog box opens. All directly dependent curves that are not created as surfaces or COS by dropping curves on a surface are allowed. you cannot exit Style until all entities are resolved. While automatically regenerating curves. such as curves having aligned tangents. can create the parent-child relationship. • • If you click Surface from the Auto Regenerate options. Pro/ENGINEER does not display the Resolve dialog box. Click Edit > Resolve to open the Resolve dialog box. While automatically regenerating surfaces. About Automatic Surface Regeneration By default. Typically. a child curve contains a soft-point on the parent. and therefore of both resulting curves. You attempt to regenerate a failed feature. To set the surface regeneration options. click Styling > Preferences. but other situations. If the edited curves do not form a valid closed boundary. Any COSs and dependent children are also updated so as to lie on the regenerated surface. You must resolve this by editing the curves so as to form a valid surface boundary and clicking the • icon. Editing the internal curves also automatically regenerates the surface.

Style . to unlink this entity from all of its failed references. to delete this entity and all of its children. 3. You can resolve the failure by choosing one of the following resolve actions: o Click entity. Click Failed to list all failed internal entities. The Explain box displays a description of the failed subfeature. 4. Curve and Surface Analysis About Curvature Plots A curvature plot is a graphical representation that shows the curvature at a set of points along a curve. Click on the failed subfeature in the list.Help Topic Collection 2. The curvature plot shows the curve smoothness and mathematical curvature by displaying lines that are perpendicular to the curve (normals). the children are highlighted. unlink. Click Click Click Click to display the information dialog for the selected unresolved o o o o to redefine the unresolved entity. o o Click to attempt regeneration of the unresolved entity. Select an item in the list to highlight it in the view. the greater the amount of curvature. The longer these lines are. and you are prompted to delete. to convert a planar or COS curve to a free curve. Select an item in the list to highlight it in the view. Click Blocked to highlight all entities that cannot be regenerated until a failed parent is resolved. If you attempt to delete parent geometry without deleting the children. Click Close. Select an entity in the list to highlight it in the view and to see an explanation of the failure. 126 . or suspend that geometry. Curvature plots are used to analyze the smoothness of a curve.

the relative size of the plot. It is often helpful to use curve and surface analyses to evaluate the quality of your curves and surfaces as you edit them in Style. When you edit the 127 . You can change the number of plotted segments. a corner or crease in the curvature plot does not indicate a crease in the curve.Style 1 Area of relatively high curvature 2 Area of relatively low curvature Ideally. 1 Abrupt change in curvature Curvature plots are interactive. only a sharp change in the curvature. The curve is still tangent continuous internally. They update as the curve is modified. Dips and bumps in the curvature plot are signs that the curve has a rapid change in shape. However. About Curve and Surface Analyses in Style You can create and save curve and surface analyses in Style using Analysis > Geometry. a curvature plot should be smooth. and the type of curvature.

This analysis is dynamically updated when you edit the feature definition. All the Style tools are available. If Quick Fix > Reroute or Fix Model > Reroute are used to change the external references of a Style feature. save your model. The Edit > References command is executed from within the general Pro/ENGINEER environment. you remain in the general Pro/ENGINEER environment to execute the reroute. It is good practice to create some curves and surfaces. but cannot save or retrieve them. To Resolve Style Features from Pro/ENGINEER When a Style feature fails to regenerate and Resolve mode is invoked. The analysis is dynamically updated. use saved geometry analysis on the Style geometry. Pro/ENGINEER Integration To Redefine or Reroute Style Features Redefining Features Clicking Edit > Definition (or right-click the Style feature in the Model Tree and select Edit Definition) returns you to the Style environment. You cannot save your model inside Style. Continue creating or editing in Style. To Create Style Parameters in Pro/ENGINEER User parameters for Style features are created similar to other Pro/ENGINEER user parameters. Rerouting Features Clicking Edit > References (or right-click the Style feature in the model tree and select Edit References) can be used to reroute the external references of a Style feature. 128 . clicking Quick Fix > Redefine or Fix Model > Redefine enables you to return to the Style environment. Create a curve or surface analysis on any existing Style geometry and save it. Create these analyses outside Style and save them.Help Topic Collection definition of the Style feature. and then use Edit > Definition to add more elements. There are two ways to use the curve and surface analyses in Style. the saved curve or surface analysis is dynamically updated with respect to the changed definition. Style has its own internal Resolve tool to navigate and fix failures. • While creating a Style feature or editing its definition. clicking Edit > Definition allows you to add as well as edit elements. if required. As Style features are superfeatures. • Note: You can also use the Measure and Model analyses in Style.Style . exit Style.

3.Style 1. top. if any. the curves are defined and maintained in the same feature as the sketches. In order to fit the sketch. The referenced image or sketch is used as an underlay for creating geometry when you manually trace the key features of the sketch. 4. you can reference and use images to model a part within the Style feature. o o The image is added to the selected datum plane on the screen. To Insert a Sketch on a Default Datum Plane 1. 5. or right. Using Style. Select any default datum plane in the Trace Sketch dialog box. you have to identify an origin and specify the scale of the sketch. The name of the image is added to the name of the selected datum plane in the Trace Sketch dialog box. Browse to the required image and select it. a user-defined datum plane. Click Open. in the Trace Sketch dialog box. To Insert a Sketch on a Datum Plane or a Planar Surface 1. Select the parameter type Feature. refer to the topic About User Parameters from the Pro/ENGINEER Fundamentals module of Pro/ENGINEER Help. A scene is a set of correlated images and curves created in Pro/CONCEPT. About Fitting Sketches Fitting the sketch to a view is a very important step in creating a good model geometry using sketches. When working with a scene. Click Tools > Parameters to open the Parameters dialog box. Trace Sketch About Trace Sketch You can import a sketch into Style on one of the three default datum planes: front. or a planar surface. 2. 129 . The Trace Sketch dialog box opens. The Trace Sketch dialog box opens. Clear the selection of views. You can also reference a scene for creating geometry in Style. Click . 4. Fitting the sketch before you begin tracing curves ensures that your geometry is located and scaled correctly. For more information. Click Styling > Trace Sketch. Click Styling > Trace Sketch. 2. Click OK. 2. The Open dialog box opens. Select the Style feature from the Model Tree. 6.

4. Example: Trace Sketches on Datum Planes and Planar Surfaces The next figure shows trace sketches on a user-defined datum and a planar surface. Browse to the required image and select it. Select a datum plane or a planar surface.Help Topic Collection 3. Click OK. o o The image is added to the selected datum plane or planar surface on the screen. The names of the datum plane or planar surface and the image are added to the list in the Trace Sketch dialog box. 6. 5. Click File > Open Sketch or click . 7. The Open dialog box opens.Style . Click Open. 130 .

Style The next figure shows a mobile phone keypad as the referenced image applied to a planar surface. o o The images are added to the datum planes on the screen. To Insert a Scene 1. The names of the datum plane and the image are added to the list in the Trace Sketch dialog box. 5. This image is used as an underlay to manually trace the key features of the keypad and create geometry. Click Styling > Trace Sketch. Click File > Open Scene to open a set of sketches and related curves from a Pro/CONCEPT scene file. Navigate to the required scene and select it. 3. 2. 4. Click OK in the Open File dialog box. The Trace Sketch dialog box opens. The Open File dialog box opens. Click OK in the Trace Sketch dialog box. 131 .

To permanently remove a sketch. . o o 132 . the origin can be at the center of the wheel when the length of the wheel base is known. Click Styling > Trace Sketch. select the sketch name in the Trace Sketch dialog box and click o . The Move and Scale dimensions get adjusted relative to the values you typed. Show. To show all the hidden sketches. To display the hidden sketch. Depending on your selection. 4. You can select a value between zero and 180 degrees.Help Topic Collection To Remove. Rotate—Use the slider to rotate the sketch with respect to the origin.0). click Sketch > Show All. 1. For example. o To replace an existing sketch. select the sketch name and click To hide all the sketches. Note: To make alignment of the sketch easier. under Model Origin. 3. whereas a value of 100 makes the sketch totally transparent. and Hide a Sketch 1. Click OK. To hide a sketch. select the sketch name and click . type the X and Y coordinates for the new origin. The sketch is scaled proportionally to match the dimension. The Trace Sketch dialog box opens. click Sketch > Remove All. or click Vertical to fit the sketch vertically. 5. o o o o o To remove all the sketches. type the value of the horizontal or vertical dimension and click Fit. 2. 2. To Align the Inserted Sketch After inserting the sketch in Style. make sure that the View > Show All is not selected. A value of zero means a completely opaque sketch. click Sketch > Hide All. Adjust the following values if required: o Transparency—Use the slider to change the value between zero and 100. Move—Use the sliders to move the sketch horizontally or vertically. click Horizontal to fit the sketch horizontally. Under Fit. If you do not want the origin to be located at (0. select the sketch name in the Trace Sketch dialog box and click or click Sketch > Remove. you can proceed to align the inserted sketch using the Trace Sketch dialog box.Style . Drag the dimensioning bars in the graphics window to align the sketch with the origin as well as a known dimension in the sketch.

Example: Aligning a Sketch The next figure shows the side sketch of a car. you can also use other tools such as Sketcher to create geometry using the trace sketches. and fit your sketches well and line up the origin consistently for all views in Style. you can create geometry using the sketches as a guideline. Clear the Trace Sketch check box and click OK. If you fit the sketch vertically. you may need to scale it horizontally. you can start creating the geometry. adjust the sketch as follows: o o If you fit the sketch horizontally. If you have fitted the sketch to the view and the origin and the sketch is to scale. The wheelbase is the known dimension. The Model Display dialog box opens. 133 . This Note: Click retains the aspect ratio of the sketch.Style 6. If the sketch is not to scale. You can: • • • Create the outline of the model using the Style curves Connect the curves Define regions in such a way that you can create surfaces later Note: Sketches that you have created in Style remain in the graphics window even after you complete the Style feature. • • Click View > Display Settings > Model Display. To clear the display of the Trace Sketch data when you are not working in Style. The dimensioning bars are positioned so that the origin is at the center of the front wheel. Therefore. About Creating Geometry from Sketches After you create. you may need to scale it vertically. insert. Clear the selection to scale the two dimensions separately. to lock the horizontal and vertical dimensions for scaling.

Any entity that references another entity. A description of the connection between two curves or along the shared boundary between two surfaces. Control points display the underlying B-Spline mathematics of a curve or surface. For example. A surface that has more than one curve as a single boundary or internal curve. A surface that is created from one or two primary curves and at least one additional curve that intersects the primary curve or curves. Position-continuous connections have only the shared boundary. It accommodates a wide variety of shapes and conveniently exchanges geometry between applications. How much a curve or surface bends at any given point. a composite surface is composed of a set of surfaces but is treated as a single entity. but not shared tangents or curvature. See Parent. The complete boundary of the surface is defined by a set of primary curves with optional internal curves. In Style. See Surface.Style . A curve that defines the outer boundary of a Style surface. See Follower Connection. a surface is a child of the boundary curves that were used to create it. Tangent-continuous connections have the same tangent at every point along the boundary. A straight line has zero curvature. Control points do not necessarily lie on the curve or surface. See Curve on Surface. Specifies how a smooth join between two curves or surfaces is to be computed.Help Topic Collection Glossary Glossary of Terms Term B-Spline Surface Definition A parametric surface (also known as a NURBS surface) that is commonly used in geometric modeling. Curvaturecontinuous connections have the same curvature at each point along the boundary. Child Composite Surface Connection Continuity Level Control Points COS Curvature 134 . Blend Surface Boundary Curve Boundary Surface A surface that has a rectangular or triangular boundary. Outside Style such surfaces are treated as a single quilt. and Regenerate.

Fixed Point. Fixed points always lie on a curve. Mathematical terms for continuity levels. See Endpoint. A curve that defines the shape of a surface. A graphical representation that shows the curvature at a set of points along a curve. A point at the end of a curve. G2 is curvature continuous. and Soft-point. One of the points used to define a curve. See Internal Point. G0 is position continuous. but is not one of the boundary curves. A free or COS curve that is created from an isoparametric line of a surface. See Internal Point and Control Point. G1.Style Curvature Continuous Curvature Plot See Continuity Level. An object with one or more parents that will change if the parent object is changed. A smooth path in space which is defined by two or more points. G1 is tangent continuous. In some cases. See Connection. A type of connection in which the leader surface governs the direction of its follower surface along the shared boundary. Parent. See Continuity Level. The leader surface does not change. and Child. A type of connection in which the follower surface assumes the direction of its leader surface along the shared boundary. One of the defining points of a curve that is not an endpoint. Curvature plots are used to analyze the smoothness of a curve. Curve Curve from Surface Curve on Surface Drag (cursor) Endpoint Fixed Point To press and hold the mouse button while you move the mouse to a new position. A curve that lies on one or more surfaces. See Design History. A pattern on or referencing the active datum plane of equally spaced horizontal and vertical lines that can be used as a guide during feature creation. See Connection. A mechanism for remembering how the individual entities in the Style feature were constructed so that any changes to 135 Follower Connection G0. objects can be unlinked to remove the dependency on the original geometry. G2 Grid Internal Curve Internal Point Leader Connection Linked Object Local History .

Lines that approximate the contours of the surface. Y. See Child. A position in space that is defined by X. Child.Style . The tangent at the endpoint of a curve that is computed when no fixed tangent is specified. The plan. and Regenerate. A vector that is perpendicular to a curve or surface or datum at a given point. For example. Design History. See Parent. Several parents can make an entity. a natural tangent is recomputed whenever the curve changes shape. For example. A curve in which every point on the curve lies on a particular plane. the boundary curves that are used to create a surface are its parents. Settings that determine user choices for items such as display and point creation. Also called flow lines or parametric lines. Preferences are remembered throughout a session and can be restored in later sessions if desired. and Regenerate. side and rear views. Copy of a curve that retains the proportions of the original curve. See Local History. A curve that lies on a soft-plane that it is normal to the parent curve at a selected point on the parent curve. Planar Curve Point Preference Proportional Copy Radial-Path Planar Curve Regenerate 136 . The process of recomputing child geometry when parent geometry has changed. Loft Surface A surface that is created from a set of non-intersecting curves that flow in the same direction. Mesh Natural Tangent Normal NURBS Orthographic Views Parent An entity that is used to define another entity. and Z coordinate values. See B-Spline Surface. To insure a relaxed curve shape. the regeneration process would recompute the surface. when the endpoints are moved to a new position of the first curve in the selected geometry are moved to new positions during duplication. if a boundary curve is changed. so that any changes to geometry are propagated throughout the feature.Help Topic Collection the Style feature were constructed.

During curve edits. A plane that references Style curves. datum curves. flat area into a 3D continuous area in model space. To turn on snapping. See B-Spline Surface.Style Snapping An option that directs the cursor to gravitate to points. and can be slid along the reference curve during curve edits. edges. A point that references Style curves. An association of four intersecting curves that make an enclosed area. The direction of a curve at a particular point. curves. and surfaces. click Styling > Snap. the planes and the planar curves are regenerated. When the parent curves are updated. 137 . See Continuity Level. The cursor is followed by a snapping cursor (a crosshair) when snapping capability is turned on. the soft-plane can slide along its parent curve while remaining normal to the parent curve at all times. Soft-plane Soft-point Surface Tangent Tangent Continuous View The multiple view environment in Style allows for the creation of curves in either two dimensions (specifying the third dimension after the 2-D shape) or directly in 3-D. Soft-points are created by snapping to existing reference geometry. A surface is a mathematical transformation that maps a simple. and surfaces. or hold down the ALT key as you move around the screen. edges.

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..... 78 ALT key..................................... 82 defining points for................ 74 Analysis menu analysing curves and surfaces .......................... 123 Curves from Surface G geometry copying .....83 defining points .... 82.............65 creating curves from surface........... 126 Curve connections Style curves ........ 77 creating radial-path planar curves89... 120... 87 D datum plane specifying the active plane in Style ....... 127 Style options in . 126 Curvature plot....78 datum plane ............ 77................................................. 104 creating and editing in multiple views ...........89 Curves from Surface.. 103 Curves ........................................ 69 C Curvature plot Style curve ....................................................................... 83 deleting in Style ........................................ 123 editing multiple . 76 F Features Style ...............87.................................................................................................. 94...78 datum planes .................................... 66...65 Features .......... 86............... 101 offsetting .... 117 Curve connections ......................... 121................................................ 69 Analysis menu....... 78 active plane ......... 123 geometry .....89 Curves on surfaces Style COSs .................... 123 M multiple views about............. 86.... 83.......................... 87 Curves on surfaces ........ 70...............70 Info Menu ................ 123 I Info Menu Style options in .......................................73.... 103 converting multiple ..................... 122 deleting in Style .......................................... 90 creating using Style .....................................................................Index A active plane specifying in Style.........80 defining points for curves........ 117 Curves changing tangent parameters multiple .............................83 139 ....

. 123 Style features ....... 108.................. 74 Style creating curves in .................................. 125 setting current datum plane...... 106 creating loft ............................ 126 Style entities getting information on ............. 126 curve connections . 123 moving and copying geometry .................75 Surface mesh display......75 surfaces ..... 124............. 123................................................................................ 75 regeneration ......................... 116 Surfaces .....67 surface connections in............. 95.... 125........................76 starting ............ 121 preferences.................. 74 in Style . 108... 117 Curves on surfaces................................ 121....... 75...........................75 Surfaces creating blend........................ 106 deleting in Style ... 118 Surface connections .......... 125 S snapping enabling .............................................. 79 P plane specifying the active plane in Style ....................... 78..........105... 103 trace sketch 140 .... 78 Preferences Style .............. 106.. 123 Surface connections Style surfaces ......... 123 T tangent......... 82...... 105....... 111 views ..................... 118 Surface mesh display Style surfaces .............78 Style ................... 82 curvature plots ....... 65 information on features ............... 75 R Regeneration Style features................... 123 Style entities .................. 86 features......65. 107......... 67................ 111 creating boundary ..................................... 124 resolving feature .................................. 86. 94.......... 105.................... 120 surface mesh display ............105........................................ 123 trimming .................... 124 Regeneration ............................Style – Help Topic Collection multiple views ......... 75 Preferences...... 74 snapping .. 124 Resolving features Style ............................. 123 Style features getting information on ........ 78 plane ........................... 118.......... 117..... 66...118.......... 76.... 107...............115......... 76. 125 Resolving features ...............................................

.. 115 141 ............. 78.......................68 View menu ..................... 77.........Index V View menu Style options in .66....... 129 removing .............66............................... 129 hiding........................................68 Views creating and editing curves in .........................80 Style 4-view .............. 80 aligning inserted ........... 132 trace sketch... 132 creating geometry from ............ 129 trimming redefining surfaces................. 133 fitting .......................... 76....................... 76............................................77 next view ....................... 78 Views ..... 116 trimming .80 previous view .......................................... 132 inserting ...........................

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