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Course : Foundation in Science Course Code : FHSC1014

Year/ Trimester : Year 1 / Trimester 1 Course Title : Mechanics

1. Refer to the figure shown below and assume that the collision of the two masses is

completely inelastic.

(b) What is the ratio of the final kinetic energy to the initial kinetic energy?

[Answer: (a) 5.00 m/s; (b) 1/3]

bullet is fired into a 250 g

block that is initially at rest at

the edge of a table of height

1.00 m. The bullet remains in

the block, and after the

impact the block lands 2.00

m from the bottom of the

table. Determine the initial

speed of the bullet.

[Answer: 143 m/s]

through a pendulum bob of mass M as shown in

figure. The bullet emerges with a speed of v/2. The

pendulum bob is suspended by a stiff rod of length

and negligible mass. Show that the minimum value

of v such that the bob will barely swing through a

complete vertical circle is

4M

vmin gl

m

initial speed of 5.00 m/s at a height of 0.300

m, a 1.50 kg ball swings downward and

strikes a 4.60 kg ball that is at rest.

(a) Find the speed of the 1.50 kg ball

just before impact.

(b) Assuming that the collision is elastic,

find the velocities of both balls just

after collision.

[Answer: (a) 5.56 m/s; (b) –2.83 m/s, 2.73 m/s]

1

5. As shown in figure below, ball A with a mass of mA = 2.00 kg is attached to a support

by a cord of length 70.0 cm, and it is held horizontally. After release, it swings

downward and striking block B which is with a mass of 3.00 kg and initially stay at

rest on a frictionless tabletop.

mA = 2.00 kg

L = 70.0 cm

mB = 3.00 kg

(b) Assuming that the collision is perfectly elastic which the momentum and

kinetic energy both conserved, what are the velocities of each mass

immediately after impact?

[Answer: (a) 3.71 m/s; (b) vA = –0.745 m/s, vB= 2.97 m/s]

(b) State one (1) difference between elastic collision and inelastic collision.

(c) As shown in figure below, a canon of mass 1000 kg launches a cannonball of

mass 10.0 kg at a velocity of 100 m/s.

(d) A 2.0 kg body A is moving with a speed of 5.0 m/s towards right, it collides

with a 4.0 kg body B which is moving with a speed of 6.0 m/s towards left.

A B A B

Before After

Collision Collision

If the collision is a perfectly elastic collision, determine the velocities of both

A and B after the collision.

[Answer: (c) 1 m/s; (d) –9.67 m/s, 1.33 m/s]

2

7. A ball of mass m = 0.45 kg is attached to the end of a horizontal cord and rotated in a

circle of radius 1.3 m on a frictionless horizontal surface.

If the cord will break when the tension in it exceeds 75 N, what is the maximum speed

the ball can have?

[Answer: 15 m/s]

8.

held in this orbit by a light cord connected to a dangling block (mass m) through a

central hole as shown in figure. Show that the speed of the puck is given by

mgR

v

M

9. (a) A 3.0 kg ball swings in a vertical circle at the end of an 8.0 m cord. When it

reaches the top of its path, its velocity is 16 m/s.

(i) What is the tension in the cord?

(ii) What is the critical speed (minimum speed before the cord slackens) at

the top?

(b) Car A uses tires for which the coefficient of static friction is 1.1 on a particular

unbanked curve. The maximum speed at which the car can negotiate this curve

is 25 m/s. Car B uses tires for which the coefficient of static friction is 0.85 on

the same curve. What is the maximum speed at which car B can negotiate the

curve?

[Answer: (a) (i) 67 N, (ii) 8.9 m/s; (b) 22 m/s]

10. A small ball is fastened to a string 24 cm long and suspends from a fixed point P to

make a conical pendulum as shown in figure above.

P

15° 24 cm

The ball described a horizontal circle about a centre point which is vertically under

point P, and the string makes and angle of 15° with the vertical. Find the linear speed

of the ball.

[Answer: 0.40 m/s]

3

11. A large spinning swing revolving about a vertical axis is shown in figure below.

The swing with a cable length of l = 8.0 m and a load with a mass of m = 70.0 kg

(total mass of the passenger and the chair) is swung from the edge of a rotating disc

with a radius of r = 5.0 m.

The load is moved in a horizontal circular path with the cable making an angle of

inclination θ = 50° with the vertical axis. Neglect the air resistance and the mass of

the cable.

(a) Sketch the forces which act on the load.

(b) Calculate the tension in the cable.

(c) Determine the linear speed of the load.

[Answer: (b) 1.07 × 103 N; (c) 11.4 m/s]

12. A smooth road has a bend of radius of curvature 60 m and is banked at an angle of

15° to the horizontal as shown in the figure below.

(a) At what speed will the car travel round the bend without skidding?

(b) What will happen to the car while rounding the bend if its speed is less than

that calculated in (a) above?

[Answer: (a) 12.6 m/s]

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