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to wake someone up despertar

Her mother wakes her up at 8 o'clock. Su madre la despierta a las ocho.

to wake up despertarse
I wake up very early. Me despierto muy temprano.

to get up levantarse

to make the bed hacer la cama

to get dressed vestirse

to get ready preparase

to have a shower ducharse

to have a bath bañarse

to have a wash lavarse

to clean your teeth lavarse los dientes

to brush your teeth cepillarse los dientes

to wash your hair lavarse el pelo / la cabeza

to dry your hair secarse el pelo

to brush your hair cepillarse el pelo

to comb your hair peinarse

to dry your hands secarse las manos

to have a shave afeitarse

to clean your shoes limpiarse los zapatos

to put on makeup maquillarse / pintarse

to put in your contact lenses ponerse las lentillas

ponerse la dentadura postiza;

to put in your false teeth
ponerse los dientes postizos

to have breakfast desayunar / tomar el desayuno

to have lunch almorzar / comer

to have dinner cenar

to cook lunch, to get lunch ready hacer la comida

to feed the cat / dog dar de comer al gato / perro

to water the plants regar las plantas

to switch on the radio / television poner la radio / televisión

to listen to the radio escuchar el radio

to watch television / telly ver la televisión / tele

to go to school / work / university / the ir al colegio / al trabajo / a la universidad

office / a la oficina

to catch the bus / train tomar / coger* el autobús / tren

to start work empezar a trabajar / entrar a trabajar

to get home (from work) llegar a casa

to go home ir a casa

to get undressed desvestirse / desnudarse

to go to bed acostarse

to set the alarm clock poner el despertador

tomarse un descanso / echarse una

to have a rest

to fall asleep dormirse

to oversleep quedarse dormido

to have a sleepless night pasar la noche en vela

to suffer from insomnia tener insomnio / sufrir de insomnio

*Note: Be very careful with these two verbs depending on which Spanish speaking country
you are in.
In Spain, it is very common to use the verb "coger".
However, this has a completely different, sexual meaning in certain South American
countries. So, if you are in South America, it's safer to use "tomar".


What time do you get up? ¿A qué hora te levantas?

¿Con qué frecuencia vas al cine?

How often do you go to the cinema?
¿Cada cuánto vas al cine?

I go to the cinema once / twice a week / Voy al cine una vez / dos veces a la
month / year. semana / al mes / al año.

I sometimes / never go to the theatre. A veces / Nunca voy al teatro.

I often go to the theatre. Voy al teatro a menudo.
How long does it take you to get to work? ¿Cuánto tardas en llegar al trabajo?

Where do you live? ¿Dónde vives?

How much coffee do you drink? ¿Cuánto café bebes?

What do you usually have for breakfast? ¿Qué sueles desayunar?

How do you get to school? ¿Cómo llegas al colegio?

What time do you go to bed? ¿A qué hora te acuestas?


A lot of these verbs are reflexive e.g. to wash my hair = lavarse el pelo.
In English, the verb does not change but the possessive adjective before hair changes to
reflect who is doing the action.
In Spanish, the verb is reflexive and changes to reflect who is doing the action.
Note: normally in Spanish, it is not normally necessary to use the subject pronoun (Yo,
Tú, Él, Ella, Nosotros, Vosotros, Ellos, Ellas). However, if you need to distinguish between
a girl and a boy then it is possible to include it (see below).

I wash my hair. Me lavo el pelo.

You wash your hair. Te lavas el pelo.

He washes his hair. Se lava el pelo

She washes her hair. Se lava el pelo.

We wash our hair. Nos lavamos el pelo.

You wash your hair. Os laváis el pelo.

They wash their hair. Se lavan el pelo.

He washes his hair in the morning but she Él se lava el pelo por la mañana pero ella
washes her hair in the afternoon. se lava el pelo por la tarde.