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COLLEGE/DEPARTMENT: DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE

SUBJECT: HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 01


TIME SCHEDULE: WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY 11:30-1:30
ROOM: NOO7

SEAT WORK NO.: SEATWORK NO. 2


SEAT WORK TITLE: GREEK BUILDING AND STRUCTURES
SEAT WORK DUE: OCTOEBR 17, 2018

REFERENCES
WEB: https://www.britannica.com/search?query=stoa+of+attalos
https://www.athenskey.com/stoa-of-attalos.html
https://www.greeka.com/sterea/delphi/delphi-excursions/treasury-athenians.htm
https://www.coastal.edu/intranet/ashes2art/delphi2/sanctuary/siphnian_treasury.html
http://www.kronoskaf.com/vr/index.php?title=Stoa_Basileios
https://www.revolvy.com/page/Brauroneion

STUDENT: JACINTO, EDWARD C.


INSTRUCTOR: AR. N.K LATOGAN. MS ARCH.
I. INTRODUCTION
The Ancient Greece is very famous of its architectural designs specially with the temples but not only the
temples of Greece. There are also the other structures which are famous of its architecture design, they
also have theatres, public squares, stadiums, and monumental tombs.
II. OBJECTIVES OF THE SEATWORK
The said seatwork aims to identify and define the ancient buildings and structures built by the Ancient
Greece Civilization. The seatwork tends to answer the following sub-questions.

 What are the Ancient Buildings and Structures built by Greece Civilization?
 What are the uses and physical aspects of the structures?
III. CONTENTS OF THE RESEARCH
Most of the buildings and structures built by the Greek people are made of stone but with their own skills
of architecture, they made outstanding structures.

Buildings and Structures of Greece in Ancient time

Theatre of Dionysus
Theatre of Dionysus, prototype of Greek theatres, situated on the south side of the Acropolis in Athens, in which
all extant classical Greek plays were first presented. Development on the site began with the creation of the orchestra, a
circular floor of earth 60 feet in diameter with an altar at the centre. Placed adjacent to temples of nature and of the
fertility god Dionysus, the orchestra was used for dramatic performances, which, together with a procession and sacrifice,
composed the annual spring festival of the god. During the 5th century BC, the theatre served as the locus of the contests
in which the plays of Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschylus, and Aristophanes (which developed from the Dionysian tradition)
were first performed. At the time, the auditorium, perhaps with wooden benches, was set into the hillside, and the skene,
or building serving as the background of the play, was built on the opposite side of the orchestra.

1https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=Theatre+of+Dionysus&rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&so
urce=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjq1ZKW54zeAhVXUd4KHcRDDm4Q_AUIDigB&biw=160
0&bih=789#imgrc=QvATo18fCKwH4M:

Stoa of Attalos
Stoa of Attalos, a two-floor building, is one of the most impressive buildings in the Athenian Agora. It was built by, and
named after, King Attalos II of Pergamon, who ruled between 159 BC and 138 BC. The Stoa of Attalos is thought to have
been a kind of ancient commercial center with 21 shops on each floor lining the western wall. Visitors may get an idea of
everyday life in ancient Athens through the collection of everyday objects which were unearthed in
excavations. The stoa's dimensions are 115 by 20 meters wide (377 by 65 feet wide) and it is made of marble from Mt.
Penteli and limestone.

https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=Stoa+of+Attalos&rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&tbm=isch&source=i
u&ictx=1&fir=BFsPKjvJOF0J5M%253A%252Cb0EoKMzTOuuwUM%252C_&usg=AI4_-
kRtKO6D_FNrYUdo2QS16p4VOpF2fw&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwid9qHO54zeAhWQMd4KHbYNDycQ9QEwBHoEC
AAQCA&biw=1600&bih=789#imgrc=BFsPKjvJOF0J5M:

Treasury of the Athenians


The Treasury of the Athenians is one of the most impressive buildings in the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. The
treasuries were actually buildings where the city-states used to safeguard their loots from wars and their offerings to god
Apollo. Many treasuries existed around the temple, such as the Treasury of the Sifnians and the Boetians, but the most
impressive treasury that survives till today is the Treasury of the Athenians. This relatively small building hosted trophies
from important military victories of the Athenians and also many items that had been offered to the temple. The Treasury
was constructed at the beginning of the 5th century BC and was the symbol either for the domination of democracy in
Athens or for the victory of Athens over the Persians in the Marathon Battle.
2https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=Athenian+Treasury&rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&stick=H4sIAAAAAAAA
AONgVeLSz9U3sExPyUrPNZJPL0pNTU5VSCrNzEnJzEsvVkjMS1EoLikqTS4pLUotPsXICVJtXFaSbHyKkQPEzjIpi4cKm5inFZ
SfYkQyECphlmyRXgGXyMqpqIJyyoorzTJgpprmWhgXQiUyzCxMsnOgEkm5pk

Siphnian Treasurey
The Treasury was built at Delphi by the people of Siphnos, sometime before 525 BC, after a lucky strike of silver on their
island. The porch is supported by Caryatids (figures of women), and there are friezes on all sides. The friezes show: the
war of the gods and Giants; the Judgement of Paris; the gods and a duel at Troy; a procession. The east pediment shows
the struggle between Apollo and Herakles for the Delphic tripod. The quality of the carving makes this an important
monument for the dating of Archaic Greek sculpture.

3https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=siphnian+treasury&rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&source=lnms&tbm=
isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjky7mX6IzeAhXFdN4KHQkQBVwQ_AUIDigB&biw=1600&bih=789#imgrc=HRNQqOAM
LEyA-M:
Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus is regarded as the best preserved ancient theatre in Greece in terms of its perfect
acoustics and fine structure. It was constructed in the late 4th century BC and it was finalized in two stages. Originally the
theatre had 34 rows of seats divided into 34 blocks by stairs and walkways.

4https://www.google.com.ph/search?rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&biw=1600&bih=789&tbm=isch
&sa=1&ei=EtDGW_J5jdn5BtSGtIgJ&q=ancient+theatre+of+epidaurus&oq=ancient+theatre+of+e&gs_l
=img.3.0.0l2j0i24k1l3.3421.11463.0.13552.22.18.1.2.2.0.718.2167.3-3j1j0j1.5.0....0

Stoa Basileios
The Stoa Basileios (Royal Portico) was erected around 500 BC. The Persians captured the city in 480 BC and destroyed
most of its buildings. However, the Athenians managed to repair the Stoa Basileios and it continued to be in use
throughout the Classical Period. It was the seat of the administration of the Archon Basileios the second-in-command
magistrate elected for one year. He was responsible for the administration of the Mysteries, of the Epilenaia (festival of
Dionysos), of the torch races and of many sacrifices. He was also responsible to judge lawsuits involving homicide and
impiety.

5https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=Stoa+Basileios&rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&source=lnms&tbm=isch
&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjF94SU6ozeAhVVFogKHek-ApwQ_AUIDigB#imgrc=KfJYDr62L_3htM:
Brauroneion
The Brauroneion was the sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia on the Athenian Acropolis, located in the southwest corner of
the Acropolis plateau, between the Chalkotheke and the Propylaia in Greece. It was originally dedicated during the reign
of Peisistratos. Artemis Brauronia, protector of women in pregnancy and childbirth, had her main sanctuary at Brauron,
a demos on the east coast of Attica. The sanctuary on the Acropolis was of an unusual trapezoidal shape and did not
contain a formal temple. Instead, a portico or stoa served that function. The stoa measured circa 38 by 6.8 m; it stood in
front of the southern Acropolis wall, facing north. At its corners, there were two risalit-like side wings, each about 9.3 m
long, the western one facing east and vice versa. North of the east wing stood a further short west-facing stoa. All of the
sanctuary's western part, now lost, stood on the remains of the Mycenaean fortification wall. All that remains of the
eastern pare are foundations for walls, cut into the bedrock, as well as some very few architectural members of limestone.

6https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=Brauroneion&rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyl4b76ozeAhX
OdHAKHeF8BSYQ_AUIDigB&biw=1600&bih=789#imgrc=eQosnvmmzQ1gPM:

The Basilica Cistern


The Basilica Cistern, is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that lie beneath the city of Istanbul, Turkey. The
cistern, located 150 metres southwest of the Hagia Sophia on the historical peninsula of Sarayburnu, was built in the 6th
century during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian

7https://www.google.com.ph/search?rlz=1C1GGRV_enPH773PH773&biw=1600&bih=789&tbm=isch&s
a=1&ei=_9TGW6D4G9DR-QaS-Z-
4CA&q=%09The+Basilica+Cistern&oq=%09The+Basilica+Cistern&gs_l=img.3..0l3j0i24k1.210885.210885
.0.211421.1.1.0.0.0.0.271.271.2-1.1.0....0...1c.1.

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