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Original Title: Quiz 2

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Quiz 2

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Quiz 2

Name:

ID:

Group:

Date:

Answer all questions (40 marks)

1. When a certain force does not involve physical contact between two

interacting object, it is called

a. contact force

b. net force

c. field force

2. When an object is pressed against a surface, the force that’s perpendicular to

the surface is called

a. static Friction Force

b. gravitational force

c. normal Force

3. In Newton’s 2nd law, the acceleration is inversely proportion to the

a. weight

b. mass

c. force

4. When a satellite orbiting the earth is experiencing a force due to the earth, the

satellite would apply a force on earth due to the satellite which is called the

a. gravity

b. action

c. reaction

5. The turning effect of a force is called

a. moment

b. couple

c. equilibrium

6. When an object tends to maintain its initial state of motion, it follows the

a. law of inertia

b. Newton’s 2nd law

c. Newton’s 3rd law

7. A body of mass, 20 kg falls to the earth from a height of 150 m above the

surface of the earth. What is the speed of this body just before it touches

ground?

a. √294 m/s

b. √2940 m/s

c. √30000 m/s

8. Which of the following is not a measure of the same quantity as the other?

a. Newton- meter

b. Joule

c. Watt

9. Which of the following is not true about power?

a. the SI unit can be J/s or Watt

b. it is a vector quantity

c. rate of transfer of energy

10. An object of mass m is launched vertically upwards with a certain velocity.

Considering that the air resistance is negligible, which of the following

statements is true?

a. the kinetic energy of the object has maximum value at the highest

b. the potential energy of the object increases uniformly with time as the

object goes upward

c. by the Law of Conservation of Energy, the total energy of the object is

constant as the object upward

11. Work is said to be done on the object by the force. If you are required to

calculate work, you have to depend on two variables except

a. force

b. distance

c. time

12. A force does positive work when

a. It has a vector component in the same direction as the displacement

b. It has a vector component in the opposite direction as the displacement

c. the net force is equal to zero

13. When a golf club hits a golf ball, the change in momentum of the club

is_______the change in momentum of the ball.

a. less than

b. greater than

c. equal to

14. Given that the engine has a constant thrust of 889.6 N, how much power did it

transfer to the rocket while travelling at its maximum speed of 313.9 m/s?

a. 279 kW

b. 289 kW

c. 299 kW

15. The energy needed to raise a load of mass 10 kg is 100 J. The height of the

load at the end of the process is

a. 1.0 m

b. 10.0 m

c. 98.1 m

16. A car with power 100 kW produces a constant force of 5000 N. The velocity

of the car at this power is

a. 0.02 m/s

b. 20 m/s

c. 0.05 m/s

17. A 740 kg car traveling 19 m/s comes to a complete stop in 2.0 s. What is the

force exerted on the car during this stop?

a. 85 N

b. 850 N

c. 7000 N

18. A woman is pulling a mass on a rough horizontal floor with constant velocity.

The quantity of work done by the woman is:

a. Zero

b. The same as the work done by friction

c. Larger than the work done by friction

19. The law of of____________ of momentum states that momentum is neither

created nor destroyed.

a. gravitation

b. conservation

c. preservation

20. A box of mass 5.0 kg is accelerated from rest by a force across along a floor at

a rate 2.0 m s-2for 7.0 s. Find the net work done on the box. (use work-energy

theorem)

a. 3.5x102J

b. 4.9x102J

c. 5.0x102J

21. A horizontal force P pulls a 10 kg mass across the floor at a constant speed as

shown in Figure 2. The coefficient of sliding friction is 0.50. Calculate the

work done by the force P in moving the 10 kg mass through a distance of 4 m.

a. 146J

b. 200J

c. 255J

22. A 1.0 kg ball falls to the floor. When it is 0.7 m above the floor, its potential

energy exactly equals its kinetic energy. How fast is it moving?

a. 3.7ms-1

b. 4.5ms-1

c. 6.9ms-1

23. What is the spring constant of a spring that stretches 2.00 cm when a mass of

0.600 kg is suspended from it?

a. 0.300 Nm-1

b. 2.94 Nm-1

c. 30 Nm-1

24.

A rubber ball of mass m1=2kg is moving to the right with speed v=20 m/s . It

collides elastically with another ball of mass m2=5kg , which is sitting at rest.

m2 is larger than m1. What is the speed of the ball v2, after the collision if v1=

-30m/s?

a. 4.5ms-1

b. 20ms-1

c. 28 ms-1

25. A stationary truck is pushed using a force of 2F. If the truck remains

stationary, what is the work done by the truck?

a. remains constant at zero

b. F/2

c. remains constant but non-zero

26. The symbol for momentum in physics is the letter ___.

a. m

b. p

c. l

27. Which of the following statements is not correct?

a. energy is the capacity to do work

b. power is the amount of work done in a unit of time

c. the unit of power is the joule

28. Work-Energy Theorem states that

a. kinetic energy is always constant

b. energy cannot be transferred

c. work is equal to the change in energy

29. In a car, it is important to wear seatbelt because?

a. You will be fined if you don't

b. the windscreen will accelerate towards you until it hits you.

c. In an accident, your momentum will make you carry on at the same

speed until you hit the windscreen.

30. Determine the momentum of a 60-kg halfback moving eastward at 9 m/s.

a. 540 kgm/s east

b. 540 kgm/s west

c. 6.67 kgm/s east

31. A car possesses 20 000 units of momentum. What would be the car's new

momentum if its velocity were doubled?

a. 10000 units

b. 20000 units

c. 40000 units

32. 50-kg cart, A is pulled with a 1.0-N force for 1 second; another 0.50 kg cart, B

is pulled with a 2.0 N-force for 0.50 seconds. Which cart has the greatest

acceleration?

a. cart A

b. cart B

c. cart A and cart B

33. _______ is a change in momentum.

a. Impulse

b. Gravity

c. Mass

34. When you multiply force times distance, you can find which of the following?

a. power

b. work

c. none of the answers

35. Work done divided by the time interval gives ______.

a. force

b. power

c. efficiency

36. __________ measures how fast work is done.

a. energy

b. power

c. efficiency

37. A 1.0 kg rock moving at 8.4 m/s will have___ of kinetic energy.

a. 11.6 J

b. 35.3 J

c. 39. 1 J

38. Applying a force for a longer time increases the change in _________.

a. mass

b. gravity

c. momentum

39. An objects momentum can be calculated by multiplying the velocity of the

object by its_____.

a. time

b. mass

d. length

40. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed' is a statement of the

a. law of Conservation of Electric Charges

b. law of Conservation of Energy

c. law of Conservation of Matter

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