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129073

HOMESPUNGRAFTS

BY

E.KENNETHBAILLIE

ABERDEEN,SOUTHDAKOTA DIRECTOROFART

NORTHERNSTATETEACHERSCOLLEGE

THEBRUCEPUBLISHINGCOMPANY

MILWAUKEE

FORGLADYSANDBRUCE

Copyright,1952,E.KennethBaillie

MadeintheUnitedStatesofAmerica

FOREWORD

Hereisabookforyou

hobbyists,teachers,occupationaltherapists,

youthleaders,BoyandGirlScouts,andhomedemonstrationgroups.

ThroughouthisyearsatNorthernStateTeachersCollegeatAber-

deen,SouthDakota,Mr.Bailliehasgiventheartdepartmentthere

aspecialdistinctionthroughhiscarefulandinspireddevelopmentof

countlessvaluableandoftenoverlookedmaterials.Hehasstarted

manyyoungteachers,artists,andcraftsmenonsuccessfulcareersin

theschoolsandincommercialartandcraftfields.Byhimtheyhave

beentaughttousethematerialsaboutthemsincerely,sympathetically,

andcreativelywithvariedandfascinatingresults.

Iftherewereanyreasonformythoughtsormynameappearing

onthispage,itwouldnotbewiththeintenttoaddanythingtoan

alreadycomplete,rich,andusefulbook.Thereare,however,three

haditsorigin.Ihavebeen"raised"onhomespunmaterialsandfeel simplereasons.IamanativeofSouthDakota,wherethispublication

theirworth,andIhaveknownE.KennethBaillieforthemanyyears

throughwhichhehasworked,played,dreamed,andlivedhis

"Homespun."SoitiswithtrueandsincereappreciationthatIadda

wordofintroductiontorecommendahelpfulandinspirationalbook. treated

Inthesepagesthepotentialofeachnativematerial

wood,metal,

leather,glass,felt,andother"native"craftmedia

hasbeenexplored,

mapped,and charted.

Sources

for

these

materials

are

exhaustively.

Artisanelusiveelementwhichhasbeendefinedinmanyterms.Here

wehaveitdefinedandimplementedintheanswerstothequestions,

"Whattodo?""Whattodowithit?"and"Howtodoit?"Thisbook

answersthesequestionsandalltheanswersareclear,concise,simple,

anddirect.Theartist,teacher,craftsman,andyouthleaderwilldis-

coverhereawealthofmaterialwhichhewillnotonlyrecognizefor

itsoutstandingworthbutwillputtoimmediateandconcreteuse.

ROBERTSILL

PREFACE

Thematerialinthisbookwascompiledbytheauthortoprovide

interestingandusefulcraftprojectsforstudents,teachers,youth

leaders,occupationaltherapists,hobbyists,andvarioussocialorganiza-

tionswhichengageincraftworkaspartoftheiractivities.Theseor-

ganizations,incidentally,mightnotonlyfindhereinrecreationalactivi-

tiesbutalso"fundraising"sourcesthroughthesaleofhomespun

articles.

TheprojectsinHOMESPUNCRAFTSweredevelopedbytheauthor

andcompletedasclassassignmentsunderhissupervisionatNorthern

StateTeachersCollege,Aberdeen,SouthDakota.Thematerialhadits

beginningduringthedepressionyears,whenstudentsandinstructor

alikecastaboutfor"native"materialswithaneyeforusablemedia

intheschool,thehome,orinthechurch,withwhichtocarryontheir

artandcraftactivities.Thisbecameincreasinglynecessarybecause

ofalackoffundsforprofessionalartmaterials.DuringWorldWarII,

homespunwascontinuedinthecraftclassesatNorthern,notbecause

ofalackoffunds,whichthenwereample,butbecauseofthescarcity

ofstandardartmaterials,asituationwhichatthepresentwritingis

beginningtorecuronasmallscale.

Tocompletemostofthearticlesinthisbookthehomespunway,

usedordiscardedmaterialssuchasthosedescribedonpages9and10

canbeused.Thesourceofsupplyof"nativematerials'*isinexhaustible: craftmaterialswhichcanbesalvagedfromusedarticlesofclothing,

itreplenishesitselfconstantly.By"native"materialismeantthose

householdarticles,etc.,whichhaveservedtheirpurposeandcollect

inattics,schoolstorerooms,andsimilarplaces.Merchantswillgladly

donatelastseason'smerchandisetoschoolsandchurcheswhenadvised

astohowitwillaidtheusers.

E.KENNETHBAILLIE

Foreword

CONTENTS

........

Preface.........

NativeMaterials

.......

5

6

9

SECTION1 LEATHER

LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse. SnapshotFolder

Boys'orGirls'Billfold

.

.

.

.

.......

StationeryCaseandWritingPad .

.

.

DeskSetWithLeatherCorners

.

MetalBookEndsWithLeather SaltandPepperShakersandSportswearButtons .

StarCoinPurseorRosaryCase

Boys'andGirls'LeatherBelts

Children'sBookmarks

.

.

.

.

"Shower"BabyShoes

.

. .

.

.

.

SECTION2 WOOD

DecorativeCarvingBoard

.

.

Lamp,FruitBowl,andJewelBox .

.

.

MetalNamePlateforDesk

SpoolToyforBaby

.

.

.

.

.

. .

.

RusticBookEnds

.......

RusticDoorKnocker....... .......

RusticWhatnot

.......

RusticBirdhouseWithBath......

CampComfort

SECTION3 METAL

ChristmasTreeOrnaments .

ChristmasTreeAngel

.

. .

. .

.

.

.

.

HolidayCandlesticks.......

DarningKitforTraveling......

Children'sToyDrum

AluminumorCopperBudVase

.

.

.

.

.11

14

16

.18

22 20

.26 .24

.28

30

.33

.35

38

40

.42

45

48

50

52

54

.57 .59

62

64

66

.68

LetterHolder........

70

AshTrayorPinTray

NapkinRingorBracelet

......

Bracelet,MoneyClip,andTieClasp

.

.

.

SECTION4 FELT SECTION5 GLASS

.

. .

FeltandPlasticCosmeticKit

.....

.

.

PottedCactusPincushionfortheFlowerStand

FeltPumpkinTeaCozy

Hot-DishHolderorTablePad

FeltHandbag........

FeltandFurEarMuffsforGirls

Child'sSwissBonnet.......

. .

.

.

PullmanSlippersandCase .

FeltandYarnToyBunnyorBeanbag

NeedleBookandThimbleHat

DecorativeMirrorsandMirrorPicture HangaDecorativePlateorPictureWithoutaFrame

.

.

.

.

StudioBottle .

.

.

HowtoCutGlassBottles .

HurricaneLampsandLantern

SandwichTray

.

.

.

.

. .

.

.

.

. .

.

.

. . .

.

MirrorPlaceCards

.......

IndoorGardenUnderGlass .

MirrororPlateGlassCenterpiece

. .

.

.

. .

.

.

NecktieorTowelRack BrightentheKitchenWithGlassware

PotHolderandTTowelRack

. .

LapelPinsandEarrings LampShadeandCabinCurtains .

DollHats

.

.

.

.

.

SECTION6 VARI-GRAFT

.

.

.

.

.

.

Life-of-the-PartyHats.......

.

.

PaintedStonePaperweightandBlockPrints

ARecordCraft

.......

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

HandmadeChristmasCards .

FunWithEasterEggs

.

72

74

.76

80

.82

85

88

93 90

95

.98

.100

102

.

106

.109

.111

.119 .114

.124 .116

122

.127

.135 .130

133

.138

140

143

.145

148

.151

.154

.156

8

NATIVEMATERIALS

Felt Feltmaybesalvagedfromwomen'sandmen'sdiscardedfelt

hats,collegepennants,theworncoveringfromabilliardtable,etc.

Mostwomen'sready-to-wearshopsanddepartments,ormillinery

storeswilldonatelastseason'shatstoorganizationssuchasthoselisted

above,especiallytoScouttroopsandCampfireGirlsgroups.

cutattheseamandrolledflatwithsomeinstrumentsuchasa sourceoftininbrightsilverandgoldofseveraltones.Topsandbot- Tin.Vegetableandfruitcansgivethecraftsmananabundant

tomsaresalvaged,togetherwiththeremainderofthecanwhichis

rollingpin.

Wood. Scrapsofsomeverybeautifulwoodscanbefoundinthe

kindlingpile.Orangecratesandappleboxeshavegoodwood.Flat

disksofwoodorshortchunksfromthelargerbranchesofadead

orfallentreeserveasabasicmaterialformanycrafts.

Leather.Leatherfromsoiledortornleatherjackets,women's

discardedleatherpurses,men'swornbillfolds,andkidglovessupply

theleathercraftsmanwithamplematerial.Manyyardsofleather

lacingcanbecutfromasinglegloveandisstrongaswellascolorful,

Paper. Manytypesofpaperareusableincraftwork.Savegreeting

cardsofalltypesandthegoldandsilvermetallicpapersongreeting

cards.WallpaperandthedecorativewrappingsfromChristmaspack-

agesareveryhelpful.

Glass. Gingerale,wineandpopbottles,attractiveandcoloredglass canbefashionedintoattractiveitems.

colognecontainers,fruitjuiceandciderjugsareversatilebasesfor

projectsinglass.Glassfrombrokenwindowpanesisavaluablecraft

medium.Savetheconvexglassfromovalpictureframesandwall

clocks.Smallmirrorsfromanylady'spurseorlargeunusedmirrors

Paints. Manycraftsrequiresometypeoffinish.Hoardbitsof

householdpaint,lacquers,enamels,shellac,andvarnish.Thesewill

befoundstoredingarages,barns,andthehome.Withasupplyof

nailpolish,theabovewillsufficeforthisnecessarycraftmedium.

Miscellaneous. Assupplementarycraftmaterials,collectbitsof

fancywrappingcordsandribbonslikethoseusedtotieChristmas

gifts.Alsosavealltypes,sizes,andcolorsofbeadsandotherdiscarded

orbrokenjewelry.Sequinsfromhats,scarves,anddressesareavery

effectivedecorativematerial.Tablesaltorsugar,withnailpolish

willgiveasparklingcoattowoodortinarticles.

Cotton. Cottonisusedtoagreatextentinstuffingandpadding

articlesmadeoffelt.Itissuggestedthatpaddingfromanupholstered

chairorsofabesavedwhenfurnitureistoberecovered.Cottonbatting

leftoverfromquiltingandscrapsofcottonfromthemedicinechest

willcomeinhandy.

Tools. Ingeneral,specialtoolsarenotrequiredforthearticles

presented.Theaveragerunoftoolsfoundaroundthehomeandin

theschoolwillsuffice.Assemblesandpaper,steelwool,,hammers,

pliers,screwdrivers,andsawsofalltypes.Gatherbrushesofallsizes;

pocketknives;razorblades;officeequipmentsuchasapaperpunch

andscissors; andsewingequipmentincludingneedles,thimble,

threads,andpinkingshears.Thesewillgivethecraftsmananabundant

supplyoftoolswithwhichtofashionartisticandusefulobjectswith

aprofessionaltouch.

ProfessionalHelps.Artcompaniesandartsuppliesforthosewho

requirecertainmaterialsandtoolswillbefoundinthebackof

thebook.

Patterns. Patternsareshownintheillustrationsforsomeofthe

craftproblems.Thesepatternsarenotgiveninfullsize.Wherepat-

ternsarerequired,itissuggestedthattheyberedrawn.Tomakea

pattern,ruleasheetofpaperintooneinchsquares.Onthissquared

sheetredrawthepatternstotherequiredmeasurements.

10

SECTION1 LEATHER

LEATHERORPLASTICCOINPURSE

MATERIALS

Leathers: Soft-grainedleathers,preferablycalf,areexcellentfor

tooling.UselargerpiecesforthecoinpurseinPlate1;smallerones

forlacing.Leatherforlacing(Fig.5).

Decorations: Metalnailheadsfromaformalgowncanbeused

fordecoration,ifdesired.

Linings: Thecoinpursemaybelinedwithscrapsilkorthethin

kidwithwhichsomepursesarelined.

OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolishto

securetheendsofthelacing,andwaxorpasteshoepolishtofinish

theleather.

TOOLS

Pencilandrulerformakingpatterns;razorbladeforrippingapart

theoldpurse;metal-edgedrulerandcuttingboardforcuttingleather;

leathertoolorasteelknittingneedleorlarge,smooth-pointednail

formodelingleather;andleatherpunchorpaperpunchformaking

lacingholes.

PROCEDURE

1.Witharazorblade,riptheleatherpurseattheseams.Cleanthe

leatherwithcleaningfluidorsoapincoolwater.Soakwrinkled

leatherinwater;thenwithpins,stretchitonaboarduntildry.

Renewtheleatherfinishwithpastefloorwaxorpasteshoepolish.

2.Drawthehalf-pattern(Fig.2)onafoldedpieceofpaperandcut

itout.Whenunfoldeditwillbeacompletepattern(Fig.4).Make

apatternoftheslot(Fig.3).

3.Drawtheoutlinesofthepatternsontheleatherwithapieceof

pointedchalkorsoapshavedtoasharpedge.

4.Usingarazorbladeandametal-edgedruler,cuttheleather(Figs.

11

1and3).Dampentheleatherandfoldit(Fig.2).Pressitfora

halfhourunderabook.

5.UsecommerciallacingormakethelacingasshowninFigure5.

Attachthenailheadsforthedesign, if desired,beforelacing.

Plasticlacingcanbeusedifdesired.

6.Fortooling,soaktheleatherthoroughlyincoolwaterandremove

theexcessmoisturebypattingwithasoftcloth.Tracethedesigns

onthewetleatherwithaleathermodelingtooloraknitting

needle.Then,removethepaperpatternandworkthedesigndeep

intotheleatherandletitdry.

7.Cutthefourslits (Fig-1). (Fig.1)fortheslot(Fig.3).Inserttheslot

8.Punchholesforthelacingasillustrated(Fig.2).Lacethepurse

withanovercastorblanketstitch.Fortheovercaststitch(Plate1,

Fig.1),thelengthofthelacingmustbethreetimesthedistance

aroundthearticle;fortheblanketstitch(Plate6,Fig.5),the

lacingmustbefivetimesthisdistance.Dipthesewingendofthe

lacinginclearnailpolishandletitdry.Startlacingatthetopleft

cornerandendatthetoprightcorner.Leaveaboutll /2in.oflacing

atbothends.Pushtheendsbackintothefoldandsecurethem

withglue.

12

Pi-ASTIC

COINPURSE

LADES'DISCARDEDPURSES*

DIPTfPOFLACING

>NNAIU

TO

TOMAKELACINGHOUES

TOGET44E1*&PUMCH.

.

EDGE

MAKEA

44ALF

PATTERN

F

''g'

TC-AZORBLADE

BOYS'ORGIRLS'BILLFOLD

MATERIALS

Leather: Leatherfrom ladies' discardedenvelope-type purses,

heavierleathersforthebillfoldsinPlate2andlightweightkid

forlacing.

OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolish,and andcuttingboardforcuttingleather;andleatherorpaperpunch.

waxfortheleather.

TOOLS

Pencilandrulerformakingpatterns;razorblade,metal-edgedruler,

PROCEDURE

1.Ripapartthepursesattheseamswitharazorblade.Prepare

theleatherasinSection1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse,"step1.

2.Figure1 is ahalfpattern.Itrepresentshalfthelengthofthe

billfold.Usethissamepatternforthelining(3%in.wide),the

divider(3%in.wide),andthecover(3%in.wide).Figure2

showsthepocketpattern

maketwo.Figure3illustratesthe

arrangementofallpieces.Onseparatepiecesofpaper,drawall

threehalfpatterns.Foldeachpatternatthedottedhalflineand

cut.Unfolded,eachpatternwillbefullsize.Notethehemat

thetopofthecoverpiece(Fig.1).Foldthishemonthedotted

lineandroundbothendswitharazorbladeasillustrated.

3.Drawtheoutlineofeachpatternonapieceofleatherof

correspondingsize.

4.Cuttheleathertosizewithametal-edgedrulerandrazorblade.

Cutaroundacoinforroundedcorners.Onepocketshouldbecut

withareversedpattern.Alsocutouttheopeningasshownin

thelining(Fig.1).

5.Placethefivepiecesofleathertogetherintheirproperpositions,

withthecoverinreversetotheotherpieces.Foldbackthehem

ofthecover.Fastenthepiecestogetherwithpaperclipsandthen

punchforlacing.

14

BOYS'OR.GIftLS 1 BILLFOLD

Klsivi,

* DISCARDEDLEATHER

OR-PLASTICPURSES-

ALL

OHICATfcfERANDCUT

ENTIRELYWIT4+-RAZORBL^DB

-ANDEDG0MSTALT

FOR

VLEFTCARD"POCKET.

e*

Z)

:TOR-RtOVfTPOCKCT,

Plate2

6.Lacethearticle,startinginthelower,left-handcorner(seeSection

1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse,"steps5and8).

7.Foldandpressthebillfoldunderaweightforseveralhours.

IS

SNAPSHOTFOLDER

MATERIALS

Leather: Alargeenvelope-typeoflady'spursewillfurnishenough ClearCelluloidorPlastic: Clearcelluloidfromoldbillfoldsor

leatherfortiefolderinPlate3.Asmall,thinpieceofleatherlines

thehingeofthefolder.Makeleatherlacing(Plate1,Fig.5).

SilkLining: Purseliningsmaybeusedforthewindowlining.

frostshieldsfromcarwindowswillmakepanesforthewindows.

OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolish,and

waxfortheleather.

TOOLS

Pencil,paperclips,razorbladestoripapartthediscardedleather,

metal-edgedrulerandaboardforcuttingtheleather,andleather

orpaper.punch.

PROCEDURE

1.Ripapartthepurseandpreparetheleather(seepage11,step1).

2.Makethepatterns.

3.Laytwopiecesofleatherbacktoback.Drawtheoutlineofthe

patternonthetoppiecewithchalkorpencil.Thewindowmats

maybemadefromseparatepieces.Maketheinsertsfromlighter

weightleather.Alargerfoldermaybedesired.Alwaysmakethe

windowslightlysmallerthanthepictureitwillframe.Themat

shouldbethesamewidthonallsides.

4.Placethematpieceandthecoverpiecesbacktoback,clipthem

togetherwithpaperclips,laythemonasmoothboard,andcut

witharazorbladeandametal-edgedruler.Useasmallcointo

shaperoundedcorners.Keepthesepiecesclippedtogetherfor

punching.Cuttheotherpieces.

5.Cutlininginoneortwopiecesfromscrapsilk.

6.Placetheinsertbetweenthecoverandthematsandpunchholes

forlacing.

7.Lacethearticle(seepage12,steps5and8).

8.Insertsnapshots,foldtheholder,andweightdown.

16

SNAPS44OT

L-AD1ES

ORPLASTICPULSES

Plate3

17

STATIONERYCASEANDWRITINGPAD

MATERIALS

Leather: Adiscardedlady'sheavyleatherpurse,largeenoughto

makethecover(Plate4,Fig.3)inoneortwopieces,thetwocorners

(Fig.4),,andthepocket(Fig.5).Leatherlacingisrequired(Plate

1,Fig-5)

..

CardboardandBlotter: Onepieceeachofcardboardandcolored

blotter,1054by7l /2in.(Figs.6and7).ThecardboardinFigures6

and7shouldbequitestiffsinceitisusedasabackingfortheblotter,

whichinturnisthewritingsurface.Largecoloredblottersmaybe

purchasedataschoolsupplystoreoraprintshop.Unfoldedsta-

tioneryisindicatedforthisarticle.Notethatabookofstampsand

apenmaybekeptconvenientlyinsidethecase.

OtherMaterials:

Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolish,

andwaxfortheleather.

TOOLS

Pencilformakingpatternsandpaperclipsforholdingleather

whilelacing,steel-edgedruler,razorblades,woodorglasscutting

board,andaleatherorpaperpunch.

PROCEDURE

1.Ripthepursewitharazorblade.PreparetheleatherasinSection 1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse,"step1.

2.Onalargesheetofwrappingpaper,placetwosheetsofstationery

sidebyside,1in.apart(Fig.1).Usingapencilandruler,draw

aline l /2in.fromtheedgeofthestationery,enclosingthetwo

piecesinonelargepattern.Iftheleatherisnotlargeenoughfor

thecover,usetwopieces(Fig.3).Figures4and5arepatterns

forcornersandthepocketforthestationery. drawtheoutlines.

3.Laythepaperpatternsontheunglazedsideoftheleatherand

4.Laytheleatheronacuttingboard,and,usingasteel-edgedruler

andrazorblade,cuttheleather.

IS

STATIONERYCA3>WRITINGPAD

LADIES'DISCARDEDLEATHERPURSES.

>LOTTERS,

,

AND.PLASTIC

LAT44ROR LACING-

S'

I -RULJET*WIT44A

STEEL

LEAT44ETIEDGE,U-A-Z1OR>LADE,

OftPAPER

.

1

3

5.AsinFigure1,placethepiecesofleatherbacktoback,clipthem

togetherwithpaperclips,andpunchholesforlacing.

6.Useanystyleoflacing(seeSection 1,"LeatherorPlasticCoin

Purse,"steps5and8).

19

SETWITHLEATHERCORNERS

MATERIALS

Leather: Leatherfromoneortwolady'sdiscardedpursesto

makethefourcornersandthescissorandknifesheathinPlate5.

Leatherforlacing(Plate1,Fig.5).

CardboardandBlotter: Useblottersabout18by24in.foran

officedeskandabout11by15in.foradesktopathome.

Wallpaper: Wallpaperofsimpledesignforthebackingofthe

deskpadorheavydecorativegiftwrappingpaper.

OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolish,and

waxfortheleather,

TOOLS

Pencilfortracingpatterns;metal-edgedruler,razorblades,and

boardforcuttingleather;steelknittingneedleorleathermodeling

toolfortoolingtheleatherifdesired;largesharpscissors;leather

orpaperpunch;andcarpenter'ssquareifavailable.

PROCEDURE

Sheath

1.Ripthepursesapartandpreparetheleather(seepage11,step1).

2.Laythescissorsandletteropeneronapaperinthepositionshown

inFigure6andtracelooselyaroundthemwithpencilFold

thedrawingdownthemiddlefromendtoendandcutout.

3.Unfoldandlaythepatternontwothicknessesofleather(both

finishedsurfacesup).Tracearoundthepatternwithapencilor

5.Clipthepiecesofleathertogetherandpunchholesforlacing. crayon.

4.Pintheleathertoaboardandcutboththicknessesatthesametime.

6.Lacethecorners(seepage12,steps5and8).

BlotterCorners

Figure 1 showsthefinishedblottercorner.Makefour,using

Figure2foraguide(seealsoFigures4arid5).Thecornersshould

begluedtothecardboardbaseasinFigure3.

Figure7illustrateslightweightleatherlinedwithlightweightcard-

20

DESKSET-S^LCATUER.CORNERS

L

^-F'.S^S.

i

SHOWING.FINISHED {

UNDERSIDE *-NOTE

-HOWTHEWALLPAPER

J i

'PARTLYCOVERSTHE

LATHERPASTING-FLAP

j \

^

BELOW5HOW5

CORNERSCUT

IFLAT-H-t"R15 (

'

OFLIGHTWHIGUT,

Tig,

~

>

.

_-

Js

PATTERN

CARDBOARD

Plate5

boardandshowsapastingflapwhichisgluedtotheliningbefore

thelargerflapsareattachedoverthebase.

Plasticorleatherettemaybeusedinsteadofleather.Itmaybe

morepracticalinthelowergrades.

21

METALBOOKENDSWITHLEATHER

MATERIALS

Metals: Scrapaluminum,flashingcopper,orfurnacemetalfor

thebookendsinPlate6

willhaveit.

ifnotavailableathome,atinsmith'sshop

Leather,Plastic,andFelt: Leathersfromladies'discardedpurses.

Feltorplasticmaybeusedinplaceofleather.Feltalsomaybeused

forpaddingundertheleather.Leatherforlacing(Plate1,Fig.5). OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,clearnailpolishorshellac,and

waxfortheleather.

TOOLS

Pencilformakingpatterns,metal-edgedrulerandrazorblade,tin

snipsandmetalfile,andpaperpunchorleatherpunchforthelac-

ingholes.

PROCEDURE

BookEndsinFigure3

1.Ripapartthepursewitharazorblade.Preparetheleatherasin

Section1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse,"step1.

2.Makethepatterns.

3.Usingtinsnipsandthemetalpattern(Fig.1),cutouttwopieces

ofmetalforthebookends.Smooththeedgesofthemetalwithafile.

4.Placetheleatherpattern(Fig.1),whichis%in.largerthanthe

metalpatternallaround,overthetworeversedthicknessesof

leatheranddrawarounditwithchalk.

5.Laythetwopiecesofleatherbacktobackonaboardandcutthem

tosizewitharazorbladeandmetalruler.

6.Holdingtheleathertogetherwithpaperclips,punchholes%in.

fromtheedgeforlacing(Fig.6).

7.Ifdesired,foraprofessionaltouch,cutfeltthesizeofthemetaland

glueittotheoutsidesurfaceofthemetalbeforecoveringwith

leather(Fig.6).

8.Lacethetwocoverpiecestogetherbacktoback,beginningatone

22

MLTALBOOKENDStf$j>LEATHER

5CTVA-T> \) ALUMINUM Oil

COPPER.FLASHING

WIT4+SCRAPLEATHER.

TOOLSt

OTt

TINSNIPSTOCUTMETALANDA

ft *-V

PENCIL,PfYPE-RFORPATTERNS,

RAZORCBI-ADE,5TLEDGEDRULER

TOCUTLHAT44ER.&A

PUNCH.LACEWIW

ORPLASTICWONG.

Plate6

corner(seeSection1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse/ 5 steps5and8).

Insertthemetalafterthreesidesarelaced.Completethelacing,

securingtheendsthroughthebeginningholewithclearnailpolish.

Figure3isthefinishedarticle.Figure5showsanotherstyleoflacing.

Afterlacing,bendthebookendoverachairrung(Fig.3).

BookEndinFigure4

ThebookendinFigure4canbemadeofcopperoraluminum.Finish

theedgessmoothlywithametalfileandpolishwithsteelwool,rubbing

inonedirectiononly.Useafine-grainedleatherwhichiscut l /2in.

smallerthanthemetal.Attachtheleathertotheoutsidesurfaceofthe

metalwithrubbercement.

STARCOINPURSEORROSARYCASE

MATERIALS

Leather: Alady'sleatherpurseofcalfskinorstiffleather,large

enoughtomaketherosarycase,andenoughforonecircleofthesame

leather,2%in.indiameter(Plate7,Fig.2).

Glue: Rubbercementwillholdtheleathersurfacestogetherforcon-

tinueduse.

steel-edgedruler;paperorleatherpunch;cuttingboard;andaweight Ruler,compass,andpencilformakingpatterns;razorbladeand OtherMaterials: Paperforpatternsandwaxfortheleather.

TOOLS

forpressingcreasesintheleather.

PROCEDURE

1.Ripapartthepursewitharazorblade.PreparetheleatherasinSec-

tion1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse,"step1.

2.MakethepatternsshowninFigures1and2includingalldottedlines.

3.Laythepatternsontheundersideoftheleatheranddrawaround

theedgeswithchalkorcoloredcrayon.Indicatetheblackdotson

theleather.Itisnotnecessarytotracethedottedlines.

24

STARCOINPURSEOliUOSA15YCASE

PUNCW

CUTTINGSOARS.AND OFCOOL

PRESSING

FIGsi>PATTERNNF^FOR-ROSARYCASE,

Plate7

4.Usingametal-edgedruler,cuttheleatheronasmoothboard(Fig.1).

CutthepieceinFigure2withaheavy,sharpshears.

5.WhentheleatherforthepartshowninFigure1hasbeencut,punch

outtheblackdotswiththesmallestpunchavailable.

6.Soaktheleatherincoolwaterandlayitflatonaboard.Pressout theexcesswaterwiththehandandcreaseasillustrated.Besureto

placethefinishedsideoftheleatherupandcreaseoutalongthe

longdottedlinesfromholetohole.Creaseinalongtheshortdotted

lines(Fig.1).

7.Havingmadethecreases,whiletheleatherisstillwet,placeitona

foldedcloth,coveritwithanotherfoldedcloth,andplaceaheavy

weightontop.Pressfor24hours,changingtheclothatintervals.

8.Whenthepurseorrosarycaseisdry,gluethecircularlining(Fig.2),

finishedsideup,totheinsidebottomofthecase.Pressuntilset.The

pursewillthensnapopenwiththepressureofthehand(Fig.3).

BOYS'ANDGIRLS'LEATHERBELTS

MATERIALS

Leather: Heavyleatherfromalady'sdiscardedpurseorleather

jacketforthebeltsinPlate8.Feltfromoldhats.

Buckles,Snaps,orTies: Bucklesfromalady'sorman'sdiscarded

belt(Figs.4and6).Snapfastenersmaybeusedonfeltbelts(Fig.5).

Figure9,alsooffelt,requireslongstripsoffeltcutfromahatbrim

(Fig.10).Ajeweledclipwillmakeanattractivebuckleforeitherbelt

(Fig.12).

BeadsandSequins: Woodenorplasticbeadsfortheendsoftheties

(Fig.9).Sequinsandseedbeadsstrungonthestitchingthread,givea

sparklingtouch(Fig.6).Nailheadsfromanoldscarfareshownin

Figure5.

OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolish,and

waxfortheleather.

TOOLS

Pencil,compass,andrulerformakingpatterns;razorblade;metal-

edgedruler;scissorsorpinkingshears;needleandthread;and

26

BOYS'&GIRLS'LEATHERBELTS

44A-TS

MAKE-PATTERNSCFIgs,1^^-3JTORAbOVE

Plate8

leatherpunchorpaperpunchformakingholesineitherleatherorfelt

(Figs.4and6).

PROCEDURE

1.Ripapartthepursewitharazorblade.Preparetheleatherasin

Section1,"LeatherorPlasticCoinPurse/'step1.

2.MakeanenlargedpatternofoneofthedesignsinFigures1,2,or3.

Figures7and8showhowtomakethepatternforFigure4.

3.Onleatherorfelt,makeseveraltracingsofthepatternselected.Cut

themwitharazorbladeorsharpscissors.Placethepiecestogether

andthenmeasurethewaistlineofthewearertodeterminethenum-

beroflinksrequiredforthebelt.

4.ForFigure4twostrapswillalsobeneeded.Onesecuresthebuckle

tothebeltandisinsertedasillustratedwithbothendsthenbeing

sewedtogether.Thesecondfitstheotherendofthebelt.Thestrap

isdoubledandtheholesarepunched.Stitch,oruserubbercement

togluethestrapends.

5.ForthebeltinFigure6,cutthestrapsaspartofthetwoendpieces.

Thepiecesoverlaponehalfandaresewedtogether.Usebeads,

nailheads,orsequinsasillustrated.

6.Figures7and8showhowtomakethepatternforFigure1.Figure4

illustratesthepieceslinkedtogether,beginningatbothendsofa

doublethickness,unfoldedlinkinthemiddleorback.Strapsare

attachedwhenenoughpieceshavebeenlinkedtogethertofitthe

waistline.

7.Ifabuckleisnotavailableornotdesiredonafeltbelt,themethod

showninFigure9maybeused.

CHILDREN'SBOOKMARKS

MATERIALS

leather,whiteorcoloredplastic,orleathercutfromalady'sdiscarded Leather,Plastic,Felt,orGlazedChintz: Scrapsofupholstery

purseforthebookmarksinPlate9.Feltfromanoldhatisalsousable,

aswellaschintz.Leatherforlacing(Plate1,Fig.5).

28

CHILDREN'SBOOKMARKS

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Plate9

Paints: Coloredenamels,cartouch-uppaints,ornailpolish.

Sequins,Beads,andLacing: Bright-coloredsequins,beads,orbut-

tonsforanimaleyes;coloredplasticfishline,yarns,orfancycordsto

beusedforlacingthe"Nite-cap."

OtherMaterials: Paperforpatterns,glueorclearnailpolish,and

waxfortheleather.

TOOLS

Pencilfordrawingpatterns,razorbladeandmetal-edgedruler,

paperpunch,scissors,andanelectricburningtoolifdesired.

PROCEDURE

NOTE:Sincethisprojectisforthethird-gradelevelandabove,the

procedureispresentedaccordingly.

1.RedrawandenlargethepatterninFigure4andtraceitontocard-

board.AlsodrawandcutthepatterninFigure2fromcardboard.

Allowthechildrentousethecardboardpatternfortracingonthe

materialoftheirchoice.

2.Onleather,useaburningtoolorcartouch-uppaintwithafine

brushtodrawtheanimalfeatures,excepttheeyes(Fig.4).Attach

sequineyeswithglue,orsewbuttonsorbeads.

3.FoldandpunchthebookmarkinFigure2asillustrated.Laceas

inFigure1,orsewwithcoloredyarnsaspicturedinFigure3b.

Figure1islacedwithplasticfishline,theedgeisscalloped,anda

borderofbeadsorsequinsissewedtothematerial.Feltmaybe

handledinthesamemanner.Chintzshouldb,esewedasillustrated

inFigure3b.