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12/24 kV medium voltage

installation with switchgear
type AX1
MANUAL
Installation
Commissioning
Operations and Maintenance
Environment and recycling
1VET954300-905 e rev D
WARNING and NOTE
This document contains WARNING and NOTE information where appropriate to point out safety related or other important
information. It is of the utmost importance that the specifically marked warning texts are observed.
OPTIONS
Standard as well as extra equipment are described in this Manual. Non standard equipment is described as an option in the text.
Parts included as standard may change and are evident from the applicable order documents.
TRADEMARK
AX1 is a registered trademark belonging to ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd in Switzerland.
NOTE
The contents of this Manual are protected in accordance with copyright law and may not be reproduced without permission from
ABB Distribution AB.
ABB Distribution AB reserves the right to change the contents of this Manual without prior notice.
ABB Distribution AB takes no responsibility for deficiencies and errors in this Manual or for the consequences of incorrect use
of the Manual.
CE-MARKING
This product complies with the demands in accordance with the EU-diretive 89/336/EEC + 92/31/EEC (EMC-directive) as well
as 72/23/EEC + 93/68/EEC (low voltage directive).
Copyright © ABB Distribution AB 2000
AX1 Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS
1VET954300-905 e rev D iii
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 General.........................................................................................................................7
1.1.1 What is described in this Manual................................................................7
1.1.2 Writing conventions....................................................................................7
1.1.3 Associated documents.................................................................................8
1.1.4 Product information and references............................................................8
1.2 What is AX1?...............................................................................................................9
1.3 Brief description of the switchgear AX1 ................................................................... 11
1.3.1 Main circuit enclosure .............................................................................. 11
1.3.2 Operating enclosure ..................................................................................14
1.3.3 Lower frame..............................................................................................16
1.4 Cubicle types..............................................................................................................19
1.4.1 Sectioning .................................................................................................20
1.5 Technical data ............................................................................................................21
1.6 Standards....................................................................................................................23
2. SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1
2.1 General.......................................................................................................................25
2.2 Warnings ....................................................................................................................26
2.3 Personal safety ...........................................................................................................26
2.4 Equipment safety ....................................................................................................... 27
2.5 To bear in mind during installation and when working on the switchgear................27
3. INSTALLATION
3.1 General.......................................................................................................................29
3.2 Transport and unpacking............................................................................................ 29
3.3 Demands on the switchgear room..............................................................................31
3.4 Switchgear placement ................................................................................................34
3.5 Assembling the lower frame...................................................................................... 35
3.6 Installation and assembly of equipment in the lower frame ......................................40
3.6.1 Installation of power cables ......................................................................42
3.7 Assembling the switchgear cubicle on the lower frame ............................................45
3.8 Joining the busbar ......................................................................................................47
3.9 Installation of the support cubicle (termination cubicle) ...........................................52
3.9.1 Earthing.....................................................................................................53
3.10 Installation of control cables...................................................................................... 55
3.10.1 Cables for 110 V DC power supply.......................................................... 56
3.10.2 Opto-cables ...............................................................................................57
3.10.3 Signal cables .............................................................................................58
3.11 Installation of separate auxiliary equipment ..............................................................59
TABLE OF CONTENTS AX1 Manual
iv 1VET954300-905 e rev D
3.11.1 Voltage indication, passive....................................................................... 59
3.11.2 Emergency stop........................................................................................ 60
3.12 Assembling the switchgear’s end plates.................................................................... 61
3.13 Assembling the lower frame’s end-plates, intermediate plates and front ................. 62
3.14 Supplementary work and installation inspection ...................................................... 63
4. COMMISSIONING
4.1 General ...................................................................................................................... 65
4.2 Installation inspection ............................................................................................... 65
4.3 Inspection of control cable connections.................................................................... 66
4.4 Inspection of the support cubicle .............................................................................. 67
4.4.1 Batteries and power distribution .............................................................. 67
4.4.2 Star coupler for optical fibres................................................................... 68
4.4.3 Cross connections (connection interface) ................................................ 68
4.5 Inspection of the switchgear cubicle......................................................................... 69
4.6 Voltage feeding protection and control equipment ................................................... 70
4.7 Checking parameters................................................................................................. 71
4.8 Setting a password..................................................................................................... 71
4.9 Arc eliminator system............................................................................................... 72
4.9.1 Activating the arc eliminator system........................................................ 72
4.9.2 Resetting the arc eliminator system ......................................................... 74
4.9.3 Connection of one or more extra sensors................................................. 75
4.9.4 Testing the arc eliminator system............................................................. 76
4.10 Energising the high voltage circuits.......................................................................... 77
4.11 Functionality test ....................................................................................................... 78
4.11.1 Locally in the switchgear ......................................................................... 78
4.11.2 From the master control room or operating centre................................... 78
4.12 Acceptance inspection before commercial operation ............................................... 79
5. OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
5.1 General ...................................................................................................................... 81
5.1.1 Cover over the bay computer enclosure................................................... 81
5.1.2 Operating mechanism's sliding cover ...................................................... 82
5.2 Front of the bay computer (buttons, LEDs, display)................................................. 83
5.2.1 Background lighting and contrast ............................................................ 84
5.2.2 Arrow keys ............................................................................................... 85
5.2.3 C- and E button ........................................................................................ 86
5.2.4 Local/Remote button................................................................................ 87
5.3 Bay computer’s functions.......................................................................................... 88
5.3.1 Choice of operating mode (levels) ........................................................... 88
AX1 Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS
1VET954300-905 e rev D v
5.3.2 Changing passwords ................................................................................. 88
5.3.3 Object selection in the main window........................................................89
5.3.4 Indication of protection functions.............................................................89
5.3.5 Technical level ..........................................................................................89
5.4 Supervision ................................................................................................................90
5.4.1 Supervision of the switchgear and switching devices .............................. 90
5.4.2 Supervision in the support cubicle............................................................92
5.4.3 What is not supervised in the AX1? .........................................................92
5.5 Alarm signals from the switchgear ............................................................................93
5.5.1 Internal relay fault (IRF)........................................................................... 93
5.5.2 A-alarm.....................................................................................................94
5.5.3 B-alarm.....................................................................................................94
5.5.4 C-alarm.....................................................................................................95
5.5.5 MR-alarm (auxiliary voltage supervision)................................................95
5.6 Alarm handling ..........................................................................................................95
5.7 Gas supervision..........................................................................................................97
5.7.1 Density monitor ........................................................................................97
5.8 Switchgear operations................................................................................................99
5.8.1 Operating the switching devices ...............................................................99
5.8.2 Activating the arc eliminator ..................................................................100
5.8.3 Resetting the arc eliminator system........................................................100
5.8.4 Earthing...................................................................................................102
5.8.5 Indication messages ................................................................................104
5.8.6 Indication of protection functions...........................................................104
5.9 Compiling statistics for operations and maintenance support .................................105
5.10 Maintenance of the switchgear ................................................................................106
5.10.1 measures with an alarm...........................................................................106
5.10.2 General/Ocular inspection .....................................................................107
5.10.3 Check the ventilation terminals on the main-circuit enclosure...............108
5.10.4 Operation of the circuit-breaker..............................................................108
5.10.5 Checking the operation of the disconnector ...........................................108
5.11 Trouble shooting ......................................................................................................109
TABLE OF CONTENTS AX1 Manual
vi 1VET954300-905 e rev D
6. ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING
6.1 General .....................................................................................................................113
6.2 Material ....................................................................................................................114
6.3 A few facts about SF
6
-gas........................................................................................115
6.4 Life cycle..................................................................................................................116
6.4.1 Installation...............................................................................................116
6.4.2 Operations and Maintenance...................................................................116
6.4.3 Scraping and recycling............................................................................117
AX1 Manual INTRODUCTION
1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-7
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 GeneraI
1.1.1 What is described in this ManuaI
The contents of this Manual follow the procedures for working with AX1. This
means that sections in the Manual follow the sequence in which work should be
carried out starting with the Installation chapter. The Installation chapter deals with
transport and unpacking and then procedures follow in the correct order.
The thought behind this form of presentation is to assist those working with AX1.
Other important considerations were that the quality of work should be the best
possible and the risk of forgetting anything should be minimised. The arrangement
of the Manual also makes it possible to easily introduce improvements when
updating and to refine the description of work stages.
It has been our ambition to describe the work process stage by stage, but as reality is
frequently different with many activities taking place at the same time the
descriptions may not always correspond with the method you select. Despite this, it
is a logical description method that should assist all personnel coming into contact
with AX1.
The Manual includes the following sections:
• Introduction (this section)
• Safety when working with AX1
• Installation
• Commissioning
• Operations and Maintenance
• Environment and recycling
1.1.2 Writing conventions
The following writing conventions have been applied throughout this Manual:
• Abbreviations are explained the first time they appear in the chapter or section.
• Text appearing on signs on the product are reproduced exactly where possible.
• Accepted English technical terms have been used instead of less known
Swedish terms, e.g. the term “time-out“ has been used instead of a Swedish
term.
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1-8 1VET954300-905 e rev D
1.1.3 Associated documents
In addition to this Manual, the following are included in the delivery of the medium
voltage installation AX1:
• Line diagrams/assembly diagrams
• Hole pattern drawing for the floor
• Operating diagram
• Circuit diagram (IEC 1082)
• Equipment list
• Wiring table
• Cable harness list
• Manual for the bay computer REF
• REF graphical configuration
• REF list of variables
• Manual for battery carriage (if included in the delivery)
• Test protocol for operating test and site test
1.1.4 Product information and references
Medium voltage switchgear AX1 is described in many different publications and
even in a multimedia presentation on CD-ROM. All material can be ordered from
ABB Kraft AB on telephone int. + 46 (0)21-320800 or ABB Distribution AB
(Arboga) on telephone int. + 46 (0)589-85100.
Product information and reference material:
• Brochure, 1VET 954300-912
• Product catalogue, 1VET 954300-903S, ver 2.0
• Environment publication, “Questions and Answers about SF
6
“.
AX1 Manual INTRODUCTION
1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-9
1.2 What is AX1?
The switchgear system AX1 is system for the distribution of medium voltage in
power and industrial installations. It is a complete switchgear system, prepared and
operations tested on delivery.
A switchgear consists of a number of switchgear cubicles with connecting
equipment and one or more support cubicles. The support cubicle can be fitted with
equipment for power supply and computer equipment as well as terminals for
regulation and control equipment. The support cubicle is the interface between the
switchgear and the master control equipment. The support cubicle can be placed
anywhere in the switchgear line, but should be placed as the outside left cubicle to
facilitate future expansion.
Figure 1-1. Medium voltage switchgear AX1 with three switchgear cubicles and a
support cubicle to the tar lett.
AX
200008
Bay computer
Lower frame
(cable compartment)
Display for
battery monitoring
Lower frame
(with battery carriage)
Support cubicle Switchgear cubicles
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AX1 is modular based and primary encapsulated. The switchgear is divided into
three enclosure modules:
• Main-circuit enclosure for main-current paths and connection equipment.
• Operating enclosure for operating devices and bay computer including low
voltage cables.
• Lower frame that also makes up the enclosure for power cable termination.
Figure 1-2. The switchgears encapsulated modules.
200009
Main circuit enclosure
Lower frame
Operating enclosure
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1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-11
1.3 Brief description of the switchgear AX1
The medium voltage switchgear AX1 is not just a medium voltage cubicle, but also
a complete switchgear system/installation. From a definition point of view AX1 is a
primary encapsulated and air insulated switchgear. This means that all high voltage
parts are housed in the encapsulated main circuit enclosure and are inaccessible
from the outside. The primary operations: current breaking, disconnecting and
earthing all take place fully protected in the SF
6
environment in a common
equipment enclosure, which results in high operating and personal safety.
1.3.1 Main circuit encIosure
TubuIar busbar system
AX1 has tubular busbars formed in a triangle. This design gives uniform dielectric
fields and permits short phase clearance and a compact design, at the same time as
the magnetic field has been reduced.
EncapsuIated switching devices
The switching devices are integrated in one and the same enclosure with SF
6
gas, as
the insulation and protective gas against external environmental impact.
• Disconnector/earthing switch
The disconnection and earthing operations are combined. The earthing switch
complies with the higher standard demands of five closing operations against
the short-circuit current as the switch is used for connection to earth. The
disconnector/earthing switch has one electrical operating mechanism per
phase.
• Circuit-breaker
The circuit-breaker is of the auto-puffer type and is a further development of
ABB’s tried and tested SF
6
circuit-breaker. The circuit-breaker has a 3 pole
spring-loaded operating mechanism.
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Active arc eIiminator
AX1 is equipped with active arc protection in the form of an arc eliminator. It is
located in the incoming feeder cubicle and protects the switchgear and any
personnel in the service passage from arc damage/injury. The arc is short-circuited
to earth within 5 ms. This prevents pressure and thermal damage from occurring
and toxic arc gases from forming. Pressure relief systems in the switchgear or
switchgear room are not required, which give immense freedom when setting up the
switchgear.
Figure 1-3. The switchgear´s primarv enclosure
200012
Arc eliminator
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1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-13
CoiI spring contacts
Coil spring contacts are used on all dismountable connection points in the main-
current circuits and on moving current transmission points inside the switching
devices. The technique is based on tried and tested ABB-patent.
Coil springs contacts can be found in the following areas:
• Tubular busbar system (as connectors for the busbar).
• Upper connection on the switching device.
• Lower connection on the switching device.
• Cable connections (with snap-in connections).
• Operating current contacts on the circuit-breaker.
• Operating current contacts on the disconnector/earthing switch.
Figure 1-4. Spring coil contact
The spring coil contact has been given its name because current transmission takes
place via springs. As the springs have many coils there are a large number of current
transmission points, which gives among others a lower transmission resistance. Two
or more springs (independent of the current strength) with opposite coil directions
are placed in each spring groove so that they do not engage when turned.
970025
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1.3.2 Operating encIosure
Operating mechanism
The operating mechanisms for the switching devices are located in the operating
enclosure.
• Disconnector/earthing switch
Disconnector/earthing switch is operated by an electrical operating mechanism
per phase. The operating mechanism is replaceable in the earthed position.
• Circuit-breaker
The circuit-breaker is operated by a spring operating mechanism which is
common to all three phases. The closing spring is loaded by an electric motor.
The tripping spring is automatically loaded when the circuit-breaker is closed.
The operating mechanism can be removed, even when in use.
• Arc eliminator
The arc eliminator's operating mechanism is integrated in the arc eliminator.
Tripping is activated by a very fast magnet and a capacitor. The tripping pulse
comes from an arc guard via the arc eliminator's monitoring unit.
Figure 1-5. Placement ot the operating mechanisms in the operating enclosure.
Operating mechanism f
Operating mechanism f
the circuit-breaker
disconnector/earthing
switch
200016
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1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-15
Bay computer
The bay computer REF contains the functions for object control, protection,
measuring and monitoring. The front houses function keys and a display which
shows single line schematics, alarms measurement values and text messages. The
bay computer in the switchgear cubicle can be connected radially (star) via an opto-
cable to a star coupler in the support cubicle (with LON communications as a type
of local network for data transmission).
Figure 1-6. Bav computer REF
Disconnection
Breaker
Remot e
Use ar r ow keys
L
R
R
L
F
C
E
ABB Network Partner REF 541 FEEDER TERMINAL
Arc killer
200007
INTRODUCTION AX1 Manual
1-16 1VET954300-905 e rev D
1.3.3 Lower frame
The lower frame is an individual enclosure separate from the switchgear cubicle and
can therefore be assembled on site in advance. The cable assembly can be
completed before the switchgear cubicle is fitted to the lower frame by using a
dummy assembly. The lower frame can easily be adjusted so that it stands level as
the entire weight of the cubicle is not loading the adjustable feet.
CabIe connection <1250 A
Cable connections are from ABB Kabeldon, type SOC 630. They have an outer
layer of a conductive material, which is earthed, or are fitted with an earthed metal
sheath. The cable connections are single phase encapsulated, which means that an
insulation fault only results in an earth fault. The switchgear cubicle’s connector is a
630 A standard cone designed for 1250 A. SOC 630 is only available in two sizes,
for cables greater than or less than 150 mm
2
, which makes the choice of connection
and assembly very easy. SOC 630 can take cables up to 300 mm
2
.
Other cable connectors that can be used are, for example, Elastimold, Pirelli,
Raychem and ABB Energiekabel. Note that even these must be of a type that has a
conductive outer layer and that in some cases it is only possible to use two parallel
cables due to the size.
CabIe connection >1250 A
Cable connections are from ABB Kabeldon, type SWA. They are fitted with an
earthed metal sheath. The cable connections are single phase encapsulated, which
means that an insulation fault only results in an earth fault. The connectors in the
switchgear cubicle are intended for snap-in cable connectors for currents over 1250
A up to 3150 A.
SWA/.... are intended for cross-sections 500, 630, 800, 1000 and 1200 mm
2
. They
are also suitable for a smaller (<500 mm
2
) or a greater (>1200 mm
2
) cross-section,
but this must be checked in each specific case.
SWA/.... is available in two models. SWA/Cu for cables with copper conductors and
SWA/Al for cables with aluminium conductors.
AX1 Manual INTRODUCTION
1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-17
Measurement
A new technique is used in AX1 for current and voltage measurement.
Conventional instrument transformers have been replaced by sensors integrated in
the circuit-breaker or in the cable connectors. However, it is fully possible to
supplement with standard current transformers of the ring core type if required.
The measurement technique with sensors offers a number of benefits:
• Linearity is achieved across the entire measurement range (no saturation).
• The number of variants is limited. One size covers the entire measurement
range, from a few ampere up to short-circuit currents.
• No reconnection between different measurement ranges.
• Nominal currents, burdens, accuracy classes do not need to be defined.
• Current and voltage sensors can be integrated in a unit.
• Low operating losses.
• Smaller footprint and lighter than conventional instrument transformers, which
means a more compact cubicle design.
Figure 1-7. Cable connector with integrated measurement sensors
970015
Connection box
for connection
cable connection
to the sensors
Outer cone for
INTRODUCTION AX1 Manual
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Current measurement using Rogowski coil
A Rogowski coil is used for current measurement. It is a circular coil wound on a
core of non-magnetic material. The material is temperature stable. The
measurement, as on a conventional current transformer, is isolated from the primary
current.
The Rogowski coil in AX1 can measure currents from a few ampere up to short-
circuit current, which gives great measurement accuracy even with high fault
currents. The same measurement signals are used for protection and measurement
functions.
Each sensor, including the connection cable to the bay computer, is co-tested and
the measurement error is defined in the form of a correction factor on the sensor.
Compensation for any measurement error is made in the bay computer by means of
the correction factor. It is therefore important to ensure that the right connection
cable is connected to the right sensor.
Figure 1-8. Current and voltage sensors in the cable connector
Voltage measuvement using capacitive voltage dividevs
Sensors for voltage measurement can withstand voltages up to 24 kV. There is a
voltage sensor for measuring and protection and a separate sensor for indicating.
These are located in the cable connector or in the lower post insulator for the busbar.
970039
Rogowski coil for current measuring
Sensor for voltage measurement
Sensor for voltage indication
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1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-19
1.4 CubicIe types
The medium voltage switchgear AX1 consists of the following cubicle types:
• Incoming feeder (circuit-breaker) cubicle. Standard design with cable
connections from the front at the bottom (options for cable connections from
the rear at the bottom).
• Outgoing feeder (circuit-breaker) cubicle. Standard design with cable
connections from the front at the bottom (options for cable connections from
the rear at the bottom).
• Disconnector cubicle.
• Support cubicle (low voltage cubicle). Makes up the interface to the master
control and protection equipment. Available with or without voltage
transformer.
– Support cubicle without voltage transformer requires a longer busbar joint
if placed in the centre of the line.
– With conventional voltage transformers, auxiliary voltage supply 110 V DC.
• Support panel for wall mounting.
Figure 1-9. Cubicle tvpes in the AX1 tamilv
970046
Incoming
Outgoing
Disconnector cubicle.
Support cubicle
circuit-breaker cubicle
circuit-breaker cubicle
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1.4.1 Sectioning
Sectioning is done with a sectioning cubicle or by connecting a circuit-breaker
cubicle and a disconnector cubicle on the lower side using an interconnecting joint.
Figure 1-10. Sectioning with a circuit-breaker cubicle and a disconnector cubicle.
970046a
Sectioning
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1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-21
1.5 TechnicaI data
Table 1-1. Technical data tor AX1
AX1 has been tested and complies with all six criteria for arc testing in accordance with (the more
stringent) older Swedish standard SS 436 21 03 appendix a. AX1 and in doings so more than meets the
criteria in IEC 298.
N.B. Also see the rating plate on each switchgear cubicle.
Table 1-2. Tvpe ot connection and cable cross-sections
*) For some types of connections that are not an ABB brand, max 2//630 mm
2
.
Rated voltage 12 kV 24 kV
Insulation level (BIL) 75 kV 125 kV
Rated current 630 - 3150 A 630 -2500 A
Short-circuit current 3 s 16 - 40 kA 16 –31.5 kA
Arc test 1 s 16 - 40 kA 16 - 40 kA
Rated current
A
Rated
voItage
kV
Cubic
Ie
width
mm
Connection CabIe cross-section
630 - 1250 12 and 24 650 Outer cone max. 3//300 mm
2 *)
2000 12 and 24 650 Snap-in max. 2//300 - 1200 mm
2
2500 -3150 12 975 Snap-in max. 4//300 - 1200 mm
2
2500 24 975 Snap-in max 4//300 - 1200 mm
2
INTRODUCTION AX1 Manual
1-22 1VET954300-905 e rev D
Figure 1-11. Switchgear cubicle AX1

200001
D
W
H
H.
Height 2240 mm with 800 mm high lower frame
Height 2040 mm with 600 mm high lower frame
W.
Width 650 mm or 975 mm
(additional 140 mm with end plate)
D.
Depth 1050 mm
Weight 650 mm cubicle: 400-450 kg max 20 kg/cm
2
Weight 975 mm cubicle: 500-550 kg max 20 kg/cm
2
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1.6 Standards
The medium voltage switchgear AX1 complies with standards as set out in
table 1-3.
Table 1-3. Standards
Standard TitIe/Scope Date of issue
IEC 60056 Circuit-breakers 1992, amd 2 1995
IEC 60129 Disconnector and earthing switch 1984
IEC 60137 Cable glands above 1000 V 1973
IEC 60185 Current transformers 1987
IEC 60186 Voltage transformers 1987
IEC 60298 AC metal-enclosed switchgear 1990, amd 1 1996
IEC 60529 Degree of protection (IP-code) 1989
IEC 60660 Insulators of organic material 1979
IEC 60694 Common clauses for switchgear 1996
IEC 60932 Enclosed switchgear to be used in severe
climatic conditions
1988
IEC 60044-8 Electrical current transducers 1999 CDV
IEC 60044-7 Electrical voltage transformers 1999-12
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AX1 Manual SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 2-25
2. SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1
2.1 General
Working on a switchgear installation always involves a safety risk, both personal
and to the equipment.
During assembly and installation when there is no high voltage in the switchgear,
risks are usually when lifting or due to pinch injuries, nevertheless electrical safety
must be observed as power tools, among others, are used during the installation
work. However, the greatest risk is when work is carried out in a switchgear room
where there may be equipment already commissioned in operation.
When commissioning the risks, both personal and to the equipment, are great
bearing in mind the installed equipment is voltage fed for the first time.
During operations and maintenance the risks mention above exist, but there is
also a risk of damaging the equipment fed from the switchgear, for example, process
equipment or the personnel working on the process.
When recycling or disposing of material in the switchgear the impact on the
environment can be negative if the equipment is not handled in the proposed
manner.
However, the most obvious danger when working with the medium voltage
switchgear is the mortal danger involved when working with an electrical
installation if the applicable electrical safety regulations are not followed and if the
personnel carrying out the work lack the requisite training and knowledge of the
electrical installation.
Reference literature:
• High current regulations ELSÄK-FS 1999:5 issued by Elsäkerhetsverket.
(Elsäkerhetsverkets regulation’s on the design and maintenance of electrical
high current installations).
• High current guide published 2000 issued by Elektriska
Installatörsorganisationen EIO, Elsäkerhetsverket, Svenska Elektriska
Kommissionen SEK and Svenska Elverksföreningen (Guide to high current
regulations).
• Applicable standards, see table 1-3.
SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 AX1 Manual
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2.2 Warnings
In this Manual there is WARNING and NOTE information where appropriate to
point out safety related or other important information. It is of the utmost
importance that the specifically marked warning texts are observed. Warning texts
have the following appearance with a general warning symbol in the margin. In
some cases the general symbol has been replaced by a special symbol.
WARNING
This is how a warning text is marked. This gives a warning that extra care
must be exercised to avoid personal injury or damage to the equipment.
N.B. Observation texts are marked in this way. This gives important information
that can facilitate the work or to remind about things that can be easily
forgotten.
WARNING
The general symbol has been replaced by a symbol with an arrow that
symbolises electrical flashover in warning text directly related to electrical
safety.
2.3 Personal safety
The following should be observed:
• Only use approved lifting equipment.
• Use cautious lifting techniques and exercise care so that back and pinch injuries
are avoided.
• Only use double insulated power tools.
• Only wear approved flameproof protective clothing.
• Follow all instructions on electrical safety and work earthing.
• Exercise great care when working in or next to an energised switchgear.
• Bear in mind that a switchgear in remote mode can be operated from another
position or via protective and automatic operations.
• Bearing in mind that a switchgear in the vicinity can be operated by protective
and automatic operations.
• It is recommended that emergency stop buttons are located by each output from
the switchgear room. Responsibility for setting up and placement rests,
according to applicable provisions, completely on the owner of the installation.
AX1 Manual SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 2-27
WARNING
Always disconnect the voltage and earth the busbar and possible rear
feeds when working in the main-circuit enclosure.
2.4 Equipment safety
The following should be observed:
• Avoid static discharge when working with the bay computer REF. An earthed
wrist strap (ESD-protection) must be worn and the supplier's instructions
observed if, for some reason, you need to open a bay computer.
• Exercise care so that no tools or equipment that can cause short-circuiting are
used or forgotten after installation.
• Do not change the protection settings and blocking without be completely
aware of the consequences. A changed protection setting can affect the
protection’s selectivity and jeopardise the operation of the entire installation.
2.5 To bear in mind during installation and when working on the
switchgear
• During work on the switchgear all essential cordoning off and signs must be
arranged to prevent unauthorised persons from coming into contact with the
switchgear.
• Always draw up a list of procedures to be approved by the supervisor or safety
officer before work on the switchgear is started.
• Always point out safety risks discovered while working with the switchgear to
your supervisor or safety officer.
SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 AX1 Manual
2-28 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-29
3. INSTALLATION
3.1 GeneraI
A delivery of a medium voltage switchgear AX1 normally takes place in two stages.
First the lower frame for each AX1-cubicle is delivered to the site in kit form, and
then 1 to 2 weeks later the switchgear cubicles are delivered. This allows the
installation site to be prepared through assembling the lower frame, levelling and
anchoring. Requisite holes for cables in the concrete floor should be made before
setting up the lower frame, see section 3.3 page 31.
On delivery the switchgear cubicle and other equipment is assembled on the
completed lower frame.
N.B. We recommend, even with simultaneous deliveries of the lower frame and
switchgear, that the installation should be performed in the lower frame, for
cable connection and the assembly of any cable current transformers, before the
switchgear cubicle is assembled on the lower frame. The working space will
then be better and this will have a favourable effect on the quality of the work.
3.2 Transport and unpacking
The switchgear cubicle is supplied covered in plastic and strapped vertically to a
pallet. All equipment, for example, the operating mechanisms and the bay
computer are assembled in the cubicle on delivery. The switching devices are
locked in the disconnected position during transport for reasons of safety. Use a fork
lift truck when unloading. There are no lifting eyes, but lifting beams can be fitted to
the cubicle’s ends if the plastic sheet is opened. Alternatively, lifting straps can be
used if these are placed under the bottom of the pallet so that the pallet bears all the
weight of the AX1-cubicle when lifting.
When unloading inspect for signs of transport damage. Also check the number of
packages against the delivery note and order documents.
Allow the packaging to remain in place as long as possible. If the switchgear is to be
stored before installation the following applies:
• The switchgear may be stored outdoors under a rain cover/roof with
undamaged/unopened transport packaging for a maximum of three (3) days.
• Storage shall take place in a tempered (warmer than 15 °C) and dry indoor
building when storing for longer than three days.
• When storing equipment packed for export in plywood or wooden crates this
should be done under a rain cover/roof. Storage/storing can then be done for a
maximum of 12 weeks.
• A tempered and dry indoor building (warmer than 15 °C) is recommended for
storage periods greater than 12 weeks.
• Option. Against an extra charge the switchgear can be quoted packed in a fully
welded aluminium bag and export packed in a plywood or wooden crate.
Storage/storing can then be done for a maximum of 60 months (5 years).
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-30 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
If the storage directives are not followed the equipment can be exposed to corrosion
which means a risk of impaired operation. The warranty undertaking no longer
applies with incorrect storage.
Contact the supplier if there is uncertainty about an appropriate storage
environment.
The switchgear cubicle stands on a transport pallet on a cellular foam bottom block
so that the protruding cable glands (external cone connectors) are not damaged.
WARNING
The cable glands will be damaged if the cubicle is lifted from the pallet
with the bottom block and then placed on a flat surface.
Figure 3-1. The switchgear cubicle must not rest on the cubicle´s cable glands.
If, for some reason, the switchgear cubicle cannot be transported vertically, for
example due to confined doors or elevators, it should be placed on its back on the
transport pallet.
Complaints about missing or damaged components should be made to the supplier
as soon as possible.
200050
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-31
3.3 Demands on the switchgear room
The room where the switchgear will be setup should comply with building standard
demands made on electrical rooms as soon as the installation is start. Due to the
switchgear’s unique characteristics the room does not need to be equipped with
special devices for pressure relief or for the evacuation of flue gases. The room shall
be ventilated in accordance with building standards. The floor should be of the
following type:
• Concrete floor with a flatness according to building standards (class B as set
out in BYGGAMA).
• Switchgear floor/raised floor (intermediate floor type ISO Floor or the like)
that withstands the weight of the switchgear) approved for electrical rooms.
Plan the type of fire seals to be used on cable lead-throughs in the floor, walls or
ceiling at an early stage. Bear in mind that a sealing system also protects against
water, gas, smoke, pressure and small animals. Many sealing systems can also be
ordered with EMC protection (Electromagnetic compatibility) and protection
against electromagnetic pulses and interference (EMP/EMI).
Most sealing systems require rectangular metal frames or round metal sleeves for
embedding or building-in, which makes it necessary to plan and prepare the cable
lead-throughs before the switchgear is installed.
Concrete fIoor
Holes for power cables should be made as small as possible so as not to weaken the
floor more than necessary. The holes should be sealed if necessary once the cables
have been installed to protect against fire and small animals.
Bear in mind it is not permitted to route single phase cables in individual holes with
reinforcement steel between the holes. This allows eddy currents to be formed in the
reinforcement steel, which can have a negative effect on the strength of the floor.
N.B. If single phase cables are routed through holes with reinforcement steel
between them, a slot should be made between the holes so that a gap is
obtained to separate the reinforcement steel.
Figure 3-2. Cable holes with slots in the concrete tloor
970042
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-32 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
Switchgear fIoor on framework
If the room has an intermediate floor, a switchgear floor, the lower frame’s support
feet must be placed so that they rest on the sections in the floor’s framework. Place
the lower frame directly on the floor and then have a “bottom“ where the cable lead-
throughs must made. It can be appropriate to use a sealing system with build-in
frames that are bolted in position for lead-throughs in the intermediate floor
Figure 3-3. Placement ot the lower trame on the switchgear tloor
200002
Sections for the intermedi
Lower frame
1200
300 600 300
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-33
Measurements only apply for cable connectors type SOC 630. Other measurements may apply for other
types of cable connectors.
Figure 3-4. Holes in the tloor tor cables.
A W Connection
120 mm 218 mm Snap-in type
170 mm 480 mm Outer cone type SOC 630
This row of holes is normally used
for single and three phase cables
Front
(650)
(1050)
A A
W
185
185
140
approx. 20 - 40 mm
690 35
AX1 cubicle
View from above
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-34 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.4 Switchgear pIacement
The switchgear can be positioned with its rear against a wall or free-standing on the
floor. With a free-standing arrangement switchgear can be separated and positioned
back-to-back.
• The service area in front of the switchgear should comply with applicable
standards and provisions.
• There must be a ceiling clearance of at least 0.4 metres to permit installation
and future maintenance.
• There should be a clearance of at least 0.5 metres at one end of the switchgear.
If possible this amount of clearance should be left at both ends of the
switchgear.
When assembling applicable installation drawings should be followed.
Figure 3-5. Example ot the AX1 assemblv
970041
Minimum
0.4 metres
Minimum
0.5 metres
Min distance to
the opposite cubicle line
according to applicable standards
the wall and
The length of the switchgear = nx975 mm + nx650 mm + 2x140 mm (end plates)
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-35
3.5 AssembIing the Iower frame
Each lower frame is supplied in kit form as a flat-pack.
The lower frame (packaging) is available in a number of variants:
• lower frame for outside left cubicle
• lower frame for outside right cubicle
• lower frame for cubicles in the cubicle line
The lower frame is available in two standard heights, 600 mm and 800 mm, and in
two standard widths, 650 mm and 975 mm.
Assemble the lower frame as set out in the supplied instructions.
Essential tools are TORX screwdrivers.
Figure 3-6. Lower trame tor three switchgear cubicles
970029
Left
Right
Cubicle line
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-36 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
AssembIy on the concrete fIoor
1. Measure and mark out the low frame’s (switchgear’s) position on the floor
using chalk.
2. Make any holes required for cable lead-throughs and fit any embedment frames
or metal sleeves following the instructions provided by the manufacturer of the
sealing system.
3. Fit the anchoring brackets on the lower frame. Do not tighten the bolts.
N.B. The number of anchoring points is dependent on the floor. Four-six (4-6)
anchor points is usually sufficient even for a line with up to five (5) cubicles.
4. Adjust the frame's support feet so that the lower frame stands horizontal.
Adjustment range 0-15 mm.
Figure 3-7. Anchoring bracket with adiustable support teet
5. Check using a spirit level that the frame is flat.
6. Mark out where the expansion bolts for anchoring the lower frame need to be
placed.
7. Fit the anchor bolts (expansion bolts) in the concrete floor.
8. Bolt the lower frame to the concrete floor. Do not tighten the nuts.
9. Tighten the locking nuts on the feet.
10. Tighten the nuts on the anchor bolts.
970010
Adjustable support feet
Hole for anchor bolts
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-37
Figure 3-8. Anchoring the lower trame to the concrete tloor
200003
Concrete floor
Support sleeve
Anchor bolt
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-38 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
AssembIing on the switchgear fIoor
1. Measure and mark out the low frame’s (switchgear’s) position in the room
using chalk on the floor sections.
2. Make any holes required for cable lead-throughs and fit any embedment frames
or metal sleeves following the instructions provided by the manufacturer of the
sealing system.
3. Fit the anchoring brackets on the lower frame. Do not tighten the bolts.
N.B. The number of anchoring points is dependent on the floor. Usually 4-6
anchoring points are sufficient, even for the largest lower frame.
4. Adjust the frame's support feet so that the lower frame stands horizontal.
Figure 3-9. Anchoring bracket with adiustable support teet
5. Check using a spirit level that the frame is flat.
6. Mark out the position for the anchoring bracket holes in the floor and drill the
holes for the bolts.
7. Bolt the lower frame to the floor sections. Check that the anchoring hooks are
turned so that they lock against a floor profile.
8. Tighten the locking nuts on the feet.
9. Tighten the nuts on the anchor bolts.
970010
Adjustable support feet
Holes for anchor bolts
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-39
N.B. The rear adjustable feet should be placed on the outer edge when anchoring
the support cubicle. Otherwise the battery carriage cannot be driven fully into
the cabinet.
Figure 3-10. Rear anchor point tor anchoring the lower trame on the switchgear tloor
Figure 3-11. Front anchor point tor anchoring the lower trame on the switchgear tloor
200005
Anchor bolt
Floor profile
Support sleeve
Carrier profile
Floor tile
Anchoring hook
Anchor bolt
200004
Carrier profile
Floor profile
Anchoring hook
Support sleeve
Anchor bolt
Floor tile
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-40 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.6 InstaIIation and assembIy of equipment in the Iower frame
For comfortable and efficient installation work, it is recommended to always install
and assemble all equipment in the lower frame before the switchgear cubicle is put
in place. This means savings in time as well as a comfortable working position, but
most important of all, the quality of the work will be better.
The following should be carried out before the switchgear cubicle is lifted on the
lower frame:
1. Install the power cables including anchoring.
2. Insulate and fit the cable screens with cable lugs for connection to the earth
rail.
3. Assemble and install conventional cable current transformers of a ring core
type (if these are to be included).
4. Seal the cable holes according to the approved fire seal class.
N.B. A dummy assembly should be used to install the power cables. The dummy
assembly has cable glands in exactly the same positions as on a switchgear
cubicle and ensures that the cable installation will fit when the switchgear
cubicle is lifted in position.
Figure 3-12. Snap-in cable connectors
200031
120 218
185
185
65
130
275 275
A
A = 600 or 800 mm
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-41
Figure 3-13. Outer cone cable connectors
200032
480 170
170
185
185
A
A = 495 or 695 mm
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-42 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.6.1 InstaIIation of power cabIes
Power cables should be fitted with enclosed and prefabricated terminators, type
SOC 630 or SWA or the like, i.e. standard outer or inner cone connectors (snap-in
connection). The cable connections shall have a conductive outer layer material,
which is earthed. The cable termination shall be single phase encapsulated, which
means that an insulation fault only results in an earth fault.
WARNING
An earth screen core kit should be used on three phase cables.
WARNING
If there is a reserve cubicle that will not be connected, the cubicle’s main
connection should be fitted with a blanking termination in order to provide
protection.
On designs with snap-in cables, end terminations should also be fitted in the spare
connection tubes that are not used, i.e. that do not have a cable connected. End
terminations are of the same type used to terminate busbars.
The current and voltage sensors are integrated in the cable connection device. There
is a voltage sensor for measuring and protection and a separate sensor for indicating.
In addition to the integrated sensors, a conventional cable current transformer can
be installed in the lower frame. The current transformers for charge metering are of
a ring core type. These are assembled around the cable connection device.
CabIe connections from beIow
1. Route the cable in the lower frame.
2. Insert the cable through any cable transformers.
3. Terminate the cable according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
4. Check that the cable screen is long enough to be routed to the cubicle’s earth
rail. The cable screen can be jointed if necessary with a conductor that has at
least the same cross-section as the screen. The cable screen must be insulated
with a plastic sheath, fitted with a cable lug and connected to the cubicle’s
earth rail.
WARNING
On three phase cables the cable’s earthed screen should be moved up
using a core screen kit, which prevents flashover between the phases. The
screening kit consists of a copper sock per phase. These are fitted to the
cable’s outer conductive layer. The copper socks are joined to the cable’s
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-43
copper screen and sealed using insulation tape. Core screen kits from
Kabeldon type PSST or the like are recommended.
5. Ensure that the distance between the cables in the same phase is at least 30 mm.
6. Secure the cables in the cable bracket.
Figure 3-14. Securing the cables in the cable bracket
7. Secure the cable transformers.
8. The cable’s earth conductor must be returned insulated through the transformer
and connected to the cubicle’s earth rail. If the earth conductor is not returned
through the transformer, this will result in the protection not working as
intended.
970013
Cable clamp
Cable bracket
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-44 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
Figure 3-15. Assemblv ot cable current transtormer
N.B. See the Manual about single phase enclosures.
970027
Earth conductor
Cable clamp
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-45
3.7 AssembIing the switchgear cubicIe on the Iower frame
Check the identity of the cubicle carefully before assembly. Start the assembly
process with one of the outer cubicles to the left or right of the switchgear line. It
does not matter from which end you start.
N.B. Switchgear cubicles that are mechanically identical can differ with regard to
the bay computer’s software.
The AX1 service trolley is used when assembling the switchgear cubicle on the
lower frame. (Can be hired from ABB Distribution AB).
WARNING
Risk for pinch or back injury. Exercise care when lifting and handling the
switchgear cubicle. Think about lifting in a manner that is easy on your
back and always wear protective gloves. Mind your feet when lifting with
the service trolley.
1. Remove the packaging around the cubicle (straps and plastic cover).
N.B. The sensor cables must be removed from the sensors in the cable connectors
before the cubicle is lifted on the lower frame. Reconnect the cables as soon
as the cubicle is in position.
Check that the right sensor cable has been connected to the right sensor and
on the right connection.
2. Place the switchgear cubicle on the service trolley.
3. Drive the service trolley to the lower frame, directly in the centre where the
switchgear cubicle is to be fitted.
4. Check that the beam, with the earth rail on the front edge of the lower frame, is
removed.
5. Lift so that the lower edge of the switchgear cubicle is a few centimetres above
the frame top beam.
6. Drive the service trolley so that it is only a few centimetres from the front edge
of the lower frame.
N.B. If the switchgear cubicle stands with one end against the wall the end plate
must be fitted before the cubicle is lifted into position.
7. Slide the switchgear cubicle into position on the lower frame. The cubicle
weighs 400-550 kilograms and can slid into position by two persons.
8. Bolt the cubicle to the lower frame using the four bolts supplied.
Join the busbar with tubular busbar joint. When assembling one switchgear cubicle
the busbar is joined between this and the cubicle assembled immediately before.
Joining is described in the following section.
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-46 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
Figure 3-16. Service trollev tor the operating mechanism and the switchgear
cubicle.
200039
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-47
3.8 Joining the busbar
The busbars are joined by inserting the coil spring contacts into the tubular busbar.
The coil spring contacts are available in two lengths. The short coil spring contacts
are used for joining between switchgear cubicles.
A tubular busbar joint consists of the following parts:
• Aluminium joining piece with silver plated contact surfaces.
• Two or four springs
• O-rings
• Sealing sleeves
N.B. The springs are supplied mounted on the coupling. If a spring is removed or
needs to be replaced it can be fitted in any direction. The direction of the
spring does not affect the transmission resistance in the coupling. However,
we recommend that springs in the adjacent grooves have opposite spring
directions.
Figure 3-17. Coil spring contact tor ioining busbars
970025
Sealing sleeve
Spring coupling (two or four springs
O-ring
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-48 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
N.B. Check the coil spring contacts before assembly so that they are not damaged
and that all components are assembled correctly.
Figure 3-18. Coil spring contact in cross-section
In the following assembly sequence the designation cubicle 1 is used for the right-
hand cubicle and cubicle 2 for the left-hand cubicle, for two cubicles to be joined
with the busbar (layout from the right outside cubicle towards the left in the
switchgear line).
Figure 3-19. Inserting the coil spring contact
200006
Sealing sleeve O-ring Spring
Jointing piece Busbar
Groove for sealing sleeve
970034
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-49
Assemble the coil spring contacts for all three phases in the following manner (the
description refers to one phase but all three phases should be assembled at the same
time):
1. Clean the coil spring contact where the springs will rest using a wiper type
Scotch sprite.
2. Apply a thin layer of Fomblin grease type OT-20 on the coil spring contact’s
springs and contact surfaces.
3. Rock in the cubicles against each other and against the lower frame.
4. Bolt together cubicle 1 and cubicle 2 using the four bolts.
N.B. Aluminium spacers should be placed between the cubicles. (Note the spacers
are manufactured of the same type of aluminium section as the cubicle
corners.)
Figure 3-20. Securing two cubicles to each other
5. Remove both sealing sleeves from the coil spring contacts.
6. Bolt cubicle 2 to the lower frame.
7. Slide the bar half-way out through the spring contact. Fit the sealing sleeve on
the spring contact.
980002
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-50 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
Figure 3-21. Joining using the ioining tool
Figure 3-22. Jointing using the screw tvpe iointing tool (used with tour
springsioint)
8. Slide the coil spring contact to the correct length by using the joining tool.
980001
Joining tool
200037
200036
The rear section of the tool is
in the other cubicle’s hooked
busbar
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-51
9. Slide the left and right sealing sleeves in position, i.e. so that they sit in their
grooves on the coil spring contact.
WARNING
The coil spring contacts must be assembled with the great care and highest
possible standard of workmanship. It is especially important to apply
Fomblin grease to the springs and contact surfaces and that the joint is
turned a few times clockwise and anti-clockwise to minimise transmission
resistance. It is also very important that the sealing sleeves sit in their
grooves.
10. Continue in the same way (steps 1-9) with the other cubicles and busbar joints
in the switchgear line.
11. Fit the terminators on the busbar assembly. The terminators are conical and
should be pushed in the tubular busbars by hand and then locked using the
appropriate locking bolts.
N.B. End terminators must always be fitted in the ends of the busbar section.
Figure 3-23. End terminators on the busbar section
200011
End terminator
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-52 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.9 InstaIIation of the support cubicIe (termination cubicIe)
The support cubicle is fitted to the lower frame in the same way as other switchgear
cubicles. A floor plate must be fitted for the battery carriage to assist movement of
the carriage. The floor plate is supplied with the battery carriage.
1. Fit the floor plate in the lower frame.
2. Fit the rear and side plates on the lower frame.
3. Connect the ribbon cable for the display unit in the connection box to the
connector on the battery carriage.
4. Connect 110 V DC cables to the fuse protected terminals.
5. Connect the alternating current for maintenance charging to the appropriate
terminals.
6. Slide in the battery carriage in the support cubicle.
Figure 3-24. Batterv carriage in the support cubicle
WARNING
The battery carriage, 110 V DC, may only be used if the maintenance
charge is connected. The batteries can be destroyed if loaded without
maintenance charging.
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-53
3.9.1 Earthing
When all the switchgear cubicles have been assembled, the cubicle’s earth rails
need to be connected to each other. The vertical cubicle earth rail should be placed
between the horizontal earth rails. The earth conductors and screens should be
connected to the earth rails. All earth conductors and screens connected to the earth
rail shall be fitted with cable lugs for 12 mm connection bolts.
The switchgear’s earth rail should be joined with the installation’s earth line
network (earthing point) via a secure earth connection. The connection to the
installation’s earth line network should be made from the earth rail in a cubicle
located as close to the centre of the switchgear line as possible. Alternatively an
earth connection can be placed at each end of the switchgear line.
WARNING
It is extremely important that the earthing of the switchgear and cables is
carried out in the correct manner. Incorrect or missed earth connections
mean mortal danger to those personnel working on the switchgear.
Incorrect earthing also means that equipment can be damaged through a
protective relay not functioning as intended.
Figure 3-25. Principle view ot the earthing svstem
970050
Earth lug
Earthing rails
Cubicle earth rails
Screens and
earth conductor
(installation’s earth line network
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-54 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
Figure 3-26. Earthing rail on the lower trame
The switchgear cubicle should also be connected with a secondary earth circuit. The
connection rail for the secondary earth can be found in the cable compartment on
top of switchgear cubicle.
Figure 3-27. Secondarv earth connections on top ot the switchgear cubicle
970009
Through earth rail
Opto-cables
SECTIONS for
Connection of the secondary earth
200020
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-55
3.10 InstaIIation of controI cabIes
The following cables should be routed from the support cubicle to respective
switchgear cubicles and between switchgear cubicles (the cable harnesses are
prefabricated at the factory):
• Opto-cables for the process bus (connection to the bay computer).
• Signal cables.
• Power supply cables for 110 V direct current/ alarm cables / voltage metering
cables.
The cables are routed in the three way cable channel on top of the cubicle. Each way
in the cable channel is reserved for a specific type of cable.
Figure 3-28. Cable compartment on top ot the switchgear cubicle
Figure 3-29. Connector top ot switchgear cubicle
Cables for power supply and metering
Opto-cables
SECTIONS for
Signal cables
200021
Opto-cables
SECTIONS for
200020
XM50
XM51
XM52
XF57
XM54
XM53
XM55
XM56
Power supply Alarms Voltage metering
External trip signal
XM53-XM56 Signals to/from the bay computer (REF)
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-56 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.10.1 CabIes for 110 V DC power suppIy
Connect the cable for the 110 V power supply from the support cubicle to each
cubicle’s power supply connectors. The switchgear cubicle’s 110 V connection is
made via the connector marked XM50. The power supply cable (cable tail) is
equipped with a connector and marker. The connectors are marked H1.XF50,
H2.XF50 etcetera. H1.XF50 is intended for the cubicle closest to the support
cubicle, H2.XF50 for the next cubicle, etc. Each output from the support cubicle
feeds an arbitrary number of switchgear cubicles each with two 110 V voltage lines.
The cables are supplied in standard lengths adapted to the position of each cubicle
calculated from the support cubicle. Cable cross section is 2.5 mm
2
.
Figure 3-30. Example ot the 110 J DC power supplv
970052
MM+
MM-
MR+
MR-
XF50 H.1
XF50 H.2
XF50 H.3
XF50 H.4
XF50 H.5 XF50 H.6
Opto-cables
SECTIONS for
200020
XM50
XM51
XM52
XF57
XM54
XM53
XM55
XM56
Power supply
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-57
3.10.2 Opto-cabIes
Connect the opto-cables between the star coupler RER 111 by the support cubicle
and each switchgear cubicle’s bus connection module RER 103 on top of the
cubicles.
Figure 3-31. Connection ot the opto-cables
N.B. Handle the opto-cables carefully. Optical fibres are especially sensitive to
mechanical damage such as bending and pressure.
Bear in mind the following when installing the opto-cables:
• The minimum bending radius is 35 mm.
• Do not tighten cable ties too tight so they cut into the opto-cable’s insulation.
• Opto-cables should be routed in conduit.
980003
Rx
Rx
Tx
Rx
Tx
Tx
Rx Tx
Rx Tx
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-58 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.10.3 SignaI cabIes
Connect the signal cables from the support cubicle to each cubicle’s signal
connector on the top of the cubicle. The cables are supplied in standard lengths
adapted to the position of each cubicle calculated from the support cubicle.
Figure 3-32. Connecting the signal cables
970051
A A
A-A
Opto-cables
SECTIONS for
200020
XM50
XM51
XM52
XF57
XM54
XM53
XM55
XM56
Alarms Voltage metering
Signal for external trip
XM53-XM56 Signals to/from the bay computer (REF)
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-59
3.11 InstaIIation of separate auxiIiary equipment
Any separate auxiliary equipment supplied with the main delivery is installed and
operations tested and ready-to-run on delivery from the factory. When
supplementing on operational switchgear the voltage supply to the switchgear must
be deenergised.
3.11.1 VoItage indication, passive
The voltage status is checked by a fixed voltage sensor. The voltage indication
consists of the following:
• Capacitive voltage sensor in the cable glands or post insulators.
• Single phase coaxial cable
• Front panel
• Display unit (option)
The display unit indicates if the voltage within a specific voltage range exists on all
phases. The voltage indication system requires no auxiliary voltage supply.
Figure 3-33. Front panel tor voltage indication
L1 L2 L3
IEC 61243-5 LMT
HR
VIS
200027
Bay computer
Voltage indicator
Front view
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-60 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.11.2 Emergency stop
The switchgear cubicle has no buttons on the front for the emergency stop.
We recommend that red push buttons for each emergency stop are placed in the
switchgear room next to each door representing an appropriate evacuation passage.
Connection of the emergency stop is evident from the switchgear drawings.
The emergency stop is connected according to the closed current method, which
means the cubicle cannot be made operational if these signals are undetected.
The emergency stop shall be connected in series. All circuit-breakers will be
switched off by pressing the emergency stop button.
Figure 3-34. Emergencv stop box
200035
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-61
3.12 AssembIing the switchgear's end pIates
When the switchgear line is set up and the cable installation completed the
switchgear end-plates should be assembled.
Assemble the end-plates on the outer ends of the switchgear as follows:
N.B. Check that the busbar terminators are fitted before the end-plates are
assembled.
N.B. Check that no tools or other foreign objects are left in the main enclosure
before fitting the end plates.
1. Screw the four spacers on to the cubicle.
2. Lift on and align the end-plates.
3. Fit the washers and dome nuts on the spacer bolts.
4. Tighten the four dome nuts.
N.B. End-plates must even be fitted to an individual switchgear cubicle set-up with
one end against the wall. The end-plates must then be fitted before the cubicle
is positioned on the lower frame.
Figure 3-35. Assemblv the cubicle end-plate
970033
Spacer
End-plate
Dome nut
Washer
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-62 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
3.13 AssembIing the Iower frame's end-pIates, intermediate pIates and
front
The lower frame can be fitted with end-plates and intermediate plates and a front.
The end-plates and front have no direction function except providing a degree of
dust protection and to form an obstruction against noxious animals. If necessary, the
lower frame can also be fitted with intermediate plates and rear plates.
Figure 3-36. End-plates and tront on the lower trame
970049
End-plates on the lower frame
Front
AX1 Manual INSTALLATION
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-63
3.14 SuppIementary work and instaIIation inspection
Use a check list during the installation inspection. The check list can also be used as
verification for the completed installation work.
When the installation is complete the following supplementary work and inspection
should be carried out:
1. Check that all assembly work complies with applicable drawings and
connection diagrams.
2. Check that the power cables are anchored, i.e. secured in the cable brackets.
3. Check, with parallel power cables with outer cone connectors, that cable
number two is strain relieved by the cable strain relief.
Figure 3-37. Cable strain reliet with parallel power cables.
4. Check insulation to earth using an insulation tester (megger).
5. Check the cubicle and unit marking and supplement with signs if necessary.
6. Check that tools, cable residue, insulation material or other foreign objects are
not left in the switchgear, operating areas and in the switchgear room.
7. Vacuum clean and dust if necessary.
8. Check that the top plates are fitted on all cubicles.
9. Shut the operating enclosure’s doors and covers.
10. Check that the end-plates on the switchgear’s outer ends are fitted and that the
dome nuts are tightened.
11. Check that the end-plates on the lower frame’s outer ends are fitted.
12. Check that the fronts are fitted on the lower frames.
200038
INSTALLATION AX1 Manual
3-64 1VET 954300-905 e rev D
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-65
4. COMMISSIONING
4.1 GeneraI
Once the installation has been completed the switchgear can be commissioned.
Commissioning can be carried out quickly and efficiently as most operations are
factory tested. Control, measurement and protection equipment based on digital
technology also means that new techniques have been used for current and voltage
supplies. Conventional instrument transformers have been replaced by sensors. No
reconnection is required for different measurement ranges. On AX1 one size of
sensor covers the entire measurement range.
Tools and instruments required for commissioning:
• Hand tools
• Universal instrument
• Test cables
• Insulation tester (megger) 1 kV
• Crank for manual loading of the circuit-breaker springs
WARNING
Exercise great care when commissioning the switchgear. Follow all the
safety regulations and directives from the supervisor and electrical safety
manager.
4.2 InstaIIation inspection
1. Check that the installation has been carried out correctly and that the assembly
site has been cleaned after installation.
2. Check that the switchgear’s end-plates have been fitted.
3. Check that the switchgear’s top plates have been fitted.
4. Check that the power cables are anchored correctly.
5. Check that cable number two on outer cone connectors is secured using a strain
relief.
6. Check that the lower frame’s front has been fitted.
7. Check that the cubicles’ earth rails are assembled and joined to each other.
8. Check that the switchgear is earth correctly.
9. Measure the earth point resistance.
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-66 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
4.3 Inspection of controI cabIe connections
1. Check using the connection documentation that all cables are connected and
tightened as well as that the connectors are inserted correctly and locked.
2. Check that the cable screens and earth conductors are connected to earth.
3. Check that all cables and connectors are correctly marked.
4. Check that all cables are routed correctly and secured with cable ties.
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-67
4.4 Inspection of the support cubicIe
4.4.1 Batteries and power distribution
The batteries are valve controlled lead batteries that are fully enclosed and do not
require to be filled with water. Pole terminations do not need to be greased as these
are silver-plated.
WARNING
All free metal components on the battery are energised. Contact can result
in serious injury. Exercise care and only touch plastic areas of the battery.
WARNING
Risk of explosion! Each battery cell is fitted with a valve which can
release hydrogen during all operating conditions.
Check and commission the power supply as follows:
1. Check that the mains voltage is connected for maintenance charging the
batteries.
2. Check that the battery connections are tightened.
3. Check the connection of the charger and battery fuse with the connection
documentation.
4. Make sure all miniature circuit-breakers, MCB (B1.9 and B1.10) for respective
cubicles are off.
5. Start the battery charger according to the supplier’s instructions.
6. Measuve the output voltage Ivom the battevies/vectiIiev on the tevminal as
set out in the connection documentation Iov the suppovt cubicle. The output
voltage shall be 110 V DC ±10%. Check the value on the rectifier’s display
unit.
7. Set the required alarm groups and levels according to the supplier's directions.
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-68 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
Figure 4-1. Support cubicle with batterv carriage
4.4.2 Star coupIer for opticaI fibres
Check that all bay computers and the supervision unit for the battery system are
connected correctly via the opto-cables to the star coupler in the support cubicle.
See the circuit diagram and the connection documentation.
4.4.3 Cross connections (connection interface)
The support cubicle is the interface between the switchgear and external objects and
contains connectors and terminal blocks for signals to and from these objects.
• Check all connection points according to circuit diagram and the connection
documentation.
• Check that terminal blocks with a disconnecting function are in the connected
position.
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-69
Figure 4-2. Support cubicle´s cross-connection section
4.5 Inspection of the switchgear cubicIe
1. Identify the phases in all cubicles.
2. Identify the cable’s phase at the “other end”.
3. Check that cable screens and earth conductors are connected to earth.
4. Check that the core screen kits are fitted if 3 phase power cables are used.
5. Measure the current distribution on the parallel power cable connection.
6. Insulation test using a 1 kV megger.
7. Check that all cables are anchored in the cable bracket.
8. Check that all cables routed through the floor and walls are sealed according to
an approved fire class method.
200022
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-70 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
4.6 VoItage feeding protection and controI equipment
When the inspection of the installation has been completed the protection and
control equipment should be voltage fed.
WARNING
Risk for pinch injury. The circuit-breaker’s closing springs are off-loaded
on delivery. When the bay computers are voltage fed the springs are
automatically loaded when the miniature circuit-breaker (MCB B1.10),
which protects the motor, is closed.
1. Connect the voltage supply to the protection and control equipment using
miniature circuit-breakers MCB B1.9 and B1.10 in respective switchgear
cubicles.
2. The bay computer displays run through a short test when voltage fed:
a. The nine LEDs come on simultaneously with different colours (red-green-
yellow-off).
b. The three LEDs for protection indication and the LEDs for Local/Remote
button come on briefly.
c. The display is tested at the same time by the display window briefly being
inverted.
d. After the display test the display returns to the normal mode (a standard
Mimic display) and the background lighting is dimmed automatically after
the specified time.
3. Check the power supply’s connection points if the test is not carried out.
4. Make sure the operating voltage is connected in the support cubicle and in
respective switchgear cubicles and switch on the miniature circuit-breakers
(MCB) B1,9 and B1,10.
5. Check that no alarms except “Cable not earthed” are indicated.
6. The bay computers have undergone extensive testing before delivery. If,
despite this, any abnormalities are suspected a functionality test should be
implemented. The functionality test consists of three parts: operations test,
Mimic-test and I/O-test. The operating test is described in the document
RE_54_ Operator's Manual
1 MRS750500-MUM EN.
N.B. The bay computer opens the circuit-breaker in the cubicle during start up.
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-71
4.7 Checking parameters
Parameters such as alarm levels, times, etc. are set for controllable objects in the
switchgear cubicle (circuit-breaker, disconnector, arc eliminator). Parameter values
should be set for the protection and measuring operations in the bay computer for
the switchgear cubicle in question before voltage feeding the main circuits.
N.B. By resetting the parameters in REF the operation of the emergency stop can,
for example, be changed.
4.8 Setting a password
Three passwords with different authorisation levels can be set to prevent
unauthorised persons from operating objects or modifying set parameters. It is
appropriate to select passwords for the different levels in association with
commissioning.
See the description for the bay computer or the section for operation and
maintenance of AX1.
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-72 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
4.9 Arc eIiminator system
At least one cubicle in a switchgear delivery contains one arc eliminator system.
The system consists of three arc eliminators, three trigger units and a controller. The
system also includes the cables between the component system parts.
When the auxiliary voltage is connected to the system the controller performs an
internal check of the system and starts to charge the capacitors. The charging time is
around 15 minutes. Ext pwv and Pos open come on when system is ready for use.
Other alarm LEDs should be dark, i.e. turned off after the system check.
4.9.1 Activating the arc eIiminator system
The energy to each eliminator is stored in a capacitor. The coil’s switching current is
controlled by a thyristor which is “triggered” from the arc supervision function in
the arc eliminator's controller. The activation signal comes from the detectors
located throughout the switchgear.
Figure 4-3. Arc eliminator svstem´s controller
Figure 4-4. Front ot the controller
200026
2 3 4 5 6 1
Arc Detectors
E
x
t
.

p
w
r
E
x
t
.

T
V
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C
A
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B
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U

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L
3

E
T
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a
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Trigged
channel
Ext. TVOC
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-73
The controller gives the following indications:
Table 4-1. Indications on the controller
Text Colour Note/significance
Ext pwr Green Comes on if there is high
voltage
A-alarm Red Comes on if triggering is
not possible
B-alarm Red Comes on if triggering is
possible, but all system
parts are not OK.
A B-alarm is given during
capacitor charging. The
eliminators can not be
triggered.
ECU Fault Red Comes on with a controller
fault
Earth fault Yellow Comes on with an earth
fault on the ETU, ECU or
control cables.
L1 ETU Fault Yellow Comes on with a fault in
the trigger unit/operating
mechanism on phase L1.
Flashes when the capacitor
is charging
L2 ETU Fault Yellow As for phase L2
L3 ETU Fault Yellow As for phase L3
Pos open Green The arc eliminator is open
and ready for closing
Pos closed Red The arc eliminator is
closed, i.e. has closed
Ext TVOC Red Comes with a fault in the
tripping circuit for the
externally connected
TVOC
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-74 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
4.9.2 Resetting the arc eIiminator system
The arc eliminator system is rest after closing by using the resetting button on the
controller. The system then senses the functionality of the electronic circuits and
whether the capacitors are charged. If this is so, earth faults are reset automatically.
Resetting takes approx. 1 hour and when the system is reset Pos open and Ext pwv
are lit. Other alarm LEDs should be dark, i.e. turned off after resetting.
Figure 4-5. Resetting button on the controller
WARNING
Fatal voltage. The capacitors in the arc eliminator system are highly
dangerous to touch when charged. Exercise immense care with all work
on the system.
WARNING
Fatal voltage. Contact outlets on the controller (XM93, 94, 95) are highly
dangerous to touch. Exercise immense care with all work on the controller
and in its vicinity.
WARNING
The switchgear ought to be taken out of service immediately if an A-alarm
is indicated on the controller.
WARNING
If a B-alarm is indicated on the controller the cause should be investigated
and rectified immediately.
2 3 4 5 6 1
Ext. TVOC
Arc Detectors
E
x
t
.
p
w
r
E
x
t
.
T
V
O
C
A
-
a
la
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m
B
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fa
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fa
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fa
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lt
200034
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-75
4.9.3 Connection of one or more extra sensors
The switch Ext. TVOC supevvision on the controller should be set in the ON
position if one or more extra sensors (TVOC-units) are connected to the arc
eliminator system.
In the ON position even these extra sensors are supervised by the system.
The arc eliminator’s controller requires an input voltage of between 20 - 60 V on the
input EXT.TVOC in order not to indicate faults in the external trigger equipment.
The controller will give an alarm for a fault on the external trigger equipment with
deviating voltage.
If the voltage on EXT.TVOC input is higher than 80 V the controller can still
trigger. Voltage above 80 V occurs if any Triac on the arc guard starts to conduct
(arc has occurred).
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-76 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
4.9.4 Testing the arc eIiminator system
When connecting the mains voltage to the cubicle it takes approximately 20 minutes
before the arc eliminator system is operational. During this period the system is
checked internally and the capacitors are charged. When the system is ready the two
lights on the controller, Ext pwv (green LED) and Pos open (green LED) come on.
WARNING
The arc eliminator system should be tested in its entirety before the
installation is commissioned.
Test the system as follows:
1. Measure using a multimeter across the eliminator to establish that it is in the
open position.
2. Simulate an arc by applying a photo flash in the high voltage enclosure. The
eliminator should now go to the closed position.
3. Measure using a multimeter across the eliminator (verify) to establish that it is
in the closed position.
On the controller Ext pwv, B-alavm, L1-L3 Iault and Pos closed should now be lit.
L1-L3 flash to indicate that the capacitors are charging. A display also shows which
detector has seen the photo flash.
4. Press the Reset button to reset the eliminators.
The eliminators automatically return when the capacitors are charged. When
resetting is ready the controller indicates with Ext pwv (green LED) and Pos open
(green LED).
5. Verify that the eliminator returns to the open position by measuring with a
multimeter across the eliminator.
N.B. The arc eliminator does not normally need to be tested after the installation is
operational.
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-77
4.10 Energising the high voItage circuits
NOTE All applicable safety regulations should be reviewed before energising the
main circuits. Check with the electrical safety and operations managers.
WARNING
Fatal voltage. Exercise immense care when energising the high voltage
circuits.
1. Energising the switchgear’s busbar by connecting the incoming line’s circuit-
breaker.
2. Read off the voltage values on the bay computer to check that the busbar has
been energised.
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-78 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
4.11 FunctionaIity test
The functionality of all switchgear operations should be tested before commercial
operation.
4.11.1 LocaIIy in the switchgear
• Operations test the equipment.
• Check the measurement values.
• Check the alarms.
• Check the parameter settings.
• Setting parameters for the configured protection and measurement operations.
• Inspection of protection and measurement operations.
WARNING
High noise level. Wear ear protection during operations testing of a
circuit-breaker. The tripping of the closing springs produces a loud noise
that can impair hearing.
WARNING
Pinch risk. A loaded closing spring in a circuit-breaker has a large amount
of stored energy. Mind your fingers and hands when operating the circuit-
breaker.
4.11.2 From the master controI room or operating centre
• Operations test the equipment.
• Check the measurement values.
• Check the alarms.
• Check the statistic signals.
WARNING
Always inform persons in the switchgear room or in its immediate vicinity
before operations testing is carried out.
AX1 Manual COMMISSIONING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-79
4.12 Acceptance inspection before commerciaI operation
Once commissioning has been completed an acceptance inspection should be
carried out before the commercial operation of the switchgear.
The acceptance inspection should be carried out according to the customer’s
specifications and the demands set out in the contract.
COMMISSIONING AX1 Manual
4-80 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-81
5. OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
5.1 General
The medium voltage switchgear AX1 is designed for use under operating conditions
described in the IEC standards set out in chapter 1. The switchgear requires a
minimum of maintenance due to the well-thought out design and choice of
materials.
Local operations from the switchgear only require the switchgear’s upper cover to
be opened so that the bay computer is accessible.
5.1.1 Cover over the bay computer enclosure
To open the cover
• Press in the cover catch button in the
centre of the switchgear.
• Raise the cover.
• Push in the cover.
• The cover stays in the raised position.
Figure 5-1. Opening the bay computer enclosure cover.
Shutting the cover
• Pull the opened cover out a few
millimetres releasing the catch
holding the cover.
• Lower the cover and press it in to
engage the lock.
Figure 5-2. Shutting the bay computer enclosure cover
200052
200051
OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual
5-82 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
5.1.2 Operating mechanism’s sliding cover
Open the operating mechanism’s sliding cover by pushing in the catch buttons at the
same time as the cover is slid downwards while the catch is held in.
With 600 mm high lower frames the sliding cover must be removed to open the
entire operating enclosure. If you do not need to open the operating enclosure
completely slide the cover down as far as possible.
The sliding cover is removed by unscrewing the catch unit that locks the door in the
runners on the right-hand side of the door.
N.B. With a 800 mm lower frame. The cover can be removed if it is pulled down
completely.
Figure 5-3. Opening the operating mechanism enclosure door.
200014
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-83
5.2 Front of the bay computer (buttons, LEDs, display)
The bay computer REF is intended for protection, control, measurement and
monitoring. The front accommodates in addition to the function keys a display that
displays text messages and schematics. The messages are given as status, alarms
and instructions to the operator. The front panel of the bay computer is used for
local control and monitoring of the switchgear. Remote mode is indicated with
master control from a stationary computer. Local operations are only possible if
local mode is selected. The choice of Local/Remote operations is password
protected on delivery, see section 5.3.1.
The bay computer is described in full in the following documents:
• RE_54_ Operator's Manual, 1 MRS 750500-MUM EN
• RE_54_ Technical Reference Manual, 1 MRS 7500527-MUM EN
This section deals with the functions necessary to know for normal operations and
maintenance of the switchgear. For more detailed information please refer to the
above mentioned documents.
The bay computer’s front panel is identical in all switchgear cubicles.
Figure 5-4. Bay computer REF
Disconnection
Breaker
Remot e
Use ar r ow keys
L
R
R
L
F
C
E
ABB Network Partner REF 541 FEEDER TERMINAL
Arc killer
200007
On/Operations button
Off/Earth button
Object selection button
Local/Remote button
“Clear“ button
“Enter“ button
Alarm LEDs, etc.
Display with:
Free function button
LEDs for safety
Arrow keys
Connector for connection
of PC via opto-coupler
functions
- Main window
- Secondary window
OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual
5-84 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
The front panel has the following buttons and display:
• A display divided into a main window and a secondary window.
– The main window displays detailed information such as schematics,
object, incident, measurement values, operations, alarm and protection
parameters.
– The secondary window shows indications/alarm and help text for
protection functions and text providing
the operator with information about operating possibilities.
• A Local/Remote button.
• Three buttons for object control, I (On/Operations), O (Off/Earth), curved
arrow

(Object selection).
• Eight LEDs for alarms.
• One LED to indicate interlocking.
• Three LEDs to indicate the following:
– Green (correctly connected auxiliary current, flashing indicates internal
relay fault)
– Yellow (protection function start).
– Red (protection function tripped).
• One section with four arrows and two buttons for (C) “clear/cancel“ and (E)
“enter“.
• Connector for connection of an optical PC-connection.
• Free programmable button (F). Not normally used. See configuration drawing
for the specific function.
5.2.1 Background lighting and contrast
Background lighting
The background lighting is normally dimmed. The display comes on when any
button on the panel is pressed.
Contrast
Press the E button and any of the arrow keys
• Arrow up to increase the contrast.
• Arrow down to reduce the contrast.
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-85
5.2.2 Arrow keys
The arrow keys are used to control parameters and the display’s cursor between
rows and characters in the menus and lists. Briefly pressing the up or down arrow
keys (less than a second) is a step up or down in a menu or lowest possible
increment up or down when setting parameters.
Figure 5-5. Arrow keys for moving the cursor
Up/Down arrows
Move the cursor up or down for selection of a row in a menu or to change the set
values/parameters.
Left/Right arrow
Move between “rows“ (left/right) and to select from the hierarchical levels.
Disconnection
Breaker
Remot e
Use ar r ow keys
L
R
R
L
F
C
E
ABB Network Partner REF 541 FEEDER TERMINAL
Arc killer
200007
Arrow keys
OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual
5-86 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
5.2.3 C- and E button
Pushbutton C (Clear/cancel) and E (Enter) are used as follows:
C
On user level:
• Undo changed parameter setting (before E button is pressed).
• Clear existing buzzer alarm (A, B, C alarms).
• Clear incident from list of incidents.
• Clear alarm for alarms no longer active on the alarm list.
On technical level:
• See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.
N.B. If C is held in for at least 5 seconds all indication messages are erased from
the secondary window.
E
On user level:
• Allows transfer to technical level, see section 5.3.5.
On technical level:
• See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.
N.B. If E is held in for at least 5 seconds all indication messages are erased from
the secondary window.
C
C
E
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-87
5.2.4 Local/Remote button
The Local/Remote button is used to select the operating mode.
Pressing the button steps forwards to the next operating mode. The LEDs indicate
the selected operating mode.
The Local/Remote button is password protected on delivery, see section 5.3.1.
Figure 5-6. Local/Remote button for selecting the operating mode
Local
Remote operations via stationary computer are blocked. Yellow LED, L on.
Remote (Remote)
Local operations blocked. Yellow LED, R on.
Disconnected
See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.
Logic
See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.
Local and logic
Remote operations blocked. LEDs L and unmarked on.
Remote and logic
Local operations blocked. LEDs R and unmarked on.
Disconnection
Breaker
Remot e
Use ar r ow keys
L
R
R
L
F
C
E
ABB Network Partner REF 541 FEEDER TERMINAL
Arc killer
200007
Local/Remote button
L
R
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5.3 Bay computer’s functions
5.3.1 Choice of operating mode (levels)
When controlling and monitoring from the bay computer REF there are two levels:
• User level
• Technical level
The user level is the level used for normal operations and maintenance. The
technical level contains information for programming of protection functions.
User level
Data is presented in four different displays on the user level:
1. Schematics (line drawings)
2. Measurement display
3. Incident display
4. Alarm display
Passwords
The bay computer offers three password levels to prevent operation of an object
either unintentionally or by unauthorised personnel, or the modification of set
parameters.
The following three passwords can be used:
Password 1 (schematics) gives the possibility to select the operating mode using the
logic button.
Default value is 1*****.
Password 2 (parameters) gives the possibility to set and change parameters.
Default value is 2*****.
Password 3 gives the possibility to select the technical level.
Default value is 3*****.
Password 1 can be set in two positions: activated/deactivated.
Password 2 is always selected.
Password 3 can be set in two positions: activated/deactivated.
On delivery all password are set to the default values. During commissioning it is
possible to select the safety level, i.e. determine which passwords shall be active
and which passwords should be chosen instead of the default values.
5.3.2 Changing passwords
Passwords can be changed as set out in the documentation for the bay computer
REF. See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.
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5.3.3 Object selection in the main window
Press the object selector button to step through the available objects until the
required object is highlighted (inverted text). The object is selected until the operate
command is given or until time-out. The time-out period can be set. Selection using
the object selector button is only possible when the operating method Local is
selected using the Local/Remote button.
5.3.4 Indication of protection functions
There are two kinds of indicating messages in the message window:
• Information on protection functions and conditions together with LED
indication.
• A text message without LED indication. This message is related to remote
monitoring (external).
The message in the secondary window has a special priority. If several different
indications are initiated simultaneously the message with the highest priority is
shown first.
The following priorities apply:
1. Internal fault IRF.
2. Relay protection tripped, CBFP (Circuit Breaker Failure Protection).
3. Start, blocking, monitoring.
4. Help messages.
The last captured and active message is shown in the help window according to the
predetermined priority.
Indication messages (priority 1-3) automatically give an overview of the protection
and condition circuits and internal faults in the protection functions. Indications are
shown in priority order in an incident list and remain until acknowledged.
Acknowledgement
Press button C for five seconds.
The help message (priority 4) assist the operator by displaying what should be done
next.
5.3.5 Technical level
The technical level is accessed from the schematics in the user level.
• Press E for five seconds to access the technical level.
• State the password if necessary.
• Return to the user level by pressing E for two seconds in the technical level’s
main menu. The technical level is described in detail in the documentation for
the bay computer REF.
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5.4 Supervision
5.4.1 Supervision of the switchgear and switching devices
The following functions are supervised in an AX1-cubicle with switching devices
and bay computer:
Circuit-breaker
Standard supervision
• Closing coil (Trip Circuit Supervision)
• Spring loading time for the motor
• Gas density
• Closing time
• Opening time
• Status indication
• Loaded/offloaded springs
Optional supervision
• Opening coil (Trip Circuit Supervision)
• Closing speed
• Opening speed
• Circuit-breaker wear
• Planned maintenance
• Inactivity alarm
Disconnector
• Running time
• Gas density
• Electrical locking of operations in earthed mode
• Status indication.
Status indication is conencted in series, which means all disconnectors must be
in the same position in order to give status indication on the bay computer. If
the signal is not available within 12 seconds after the start of operations the
voltage to the motors is cut and an alarm generated.
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-91
Arc eliminator
• Breakage in the trigger cable harness or an error in the thyristors' Gate-circuit
• Poor capacitor capacitance (<50%)
• Short circuit in the charging circuit
• Fault in the charging circuit
• Fault in the trigger circuit from the external arc guard
• IRF on the controller
• Capacitors not charged
• Earth fault
• Acceptable capacitance on the capacitors (>60%)
• High leakage current from the capacitors
Bay computer
• Supply voltage
• Temperature metering
• CPU watchdog
• Supervision I/O card
• Supervision of internal bus
Measurement
• Current metering circuit (option)
• Voltage metering circuit (option)
• Voltage sensing on the cable side
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5.4.2 Supervision in the support cubicle
Battery supervision system BRC 2000 has an alarm panel for 16 channels on the
front display. LEDs indicate the status of the battery system as follows:
Standard supervision
• Continuous charge high/low
• Over- and undervoltage
• Earth fault +/-
• Battery circuit fault
• Temperature fault
• Lost mains voltage
• Rectifier fault
• Blown fuse
• Capacity test
Non standard
• Low battery capacity
• Cell fault
• Remote communication
5.4.3 What is not supervised in the AX1?
• The arc detectors are not supervised.
The continuous operation of these is ensured by the following:
a. The arc detectors are fitted in the top, which means that they are not
covered by dust.
b. An extra amount of arc detectors are fitted, which means redundancy is
obtained.
c. The detectors only receive direct light and not reflected light.
• The extra release coil is not supervised.
This is due to the following:
The user has direct access to the release coil, which means it cannot be
monitored in the normal way. If the extra release coil needs to be supervised a
supervision relay type SPER can be fitted in the support cubicle.
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5.5 Alarm signals from the switchgear
In each bay computer as standard there are a number of relay outputs for alarms.
These are used to impart the switchgear cubicle’s status to the support cubicle.
Alarms (relay outputs) are commonly connected in the support cubicle where they
can be accessed on terminals.
N.B. These relay outputs are potential free.
All alarm contacts are of the type NO, Normally Open and have the same contact
data.
Signal contact data: Nominal voltage 250 V ac/dc
Continuous 5 A
Limiting making capacity
and conductivity under 0.5 sec 30 A
Limiting making capacity
and conductivity under 3 sec 8 A
Breaking capacity dc, when
the load’s time constant
L/R <40 ms at 48/110/230 V dc 1A /
0.25 A /
0.15 A
5.5.1 Internal relay fault (IRF)
Bay computer
• Supply voltage
• Temperature metering
• CPU watchdog
• Start-up check
• Supervision of I/O card
• Supervision of internal bus
When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the switchgear) the signal will
appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. Accordingly, it is a bay computer in
the switchgear that indicates the internal relay fault.
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5.5.2 A-alarm
Circuit-breaker/disconnector
• Density monitor alarm
• Supervision of one (1) release coil indicates the circuit fault (option)
Arc eliminator
• Breakage in the trigger cable harness or an error in the thyristors' Gate-circuit
• Poor capacitance on the capacitors (<50%)
• Short circuit in the charging circuit
• Fault in the charging circuit
• Fault in the controller
• Fault in the trigger circuit from the external arc guard
• IRF in the controller
When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal
will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. Accordingly, it is any bay
computer in the switchgear that indicates the A-alarm.
5.5.3 B-alarm
Circuit-breaker/disconnector
• The circuit-breaker's opening speed exceeded (option)
• The circuit-breaker's closing speed exceeded (option)
• The circuit-breaker's closing time exceeded
• The circuit-breaker's opening time exceeded
• The circuit-breaker's spring loading time exceeded
• Supervising one closing coil activated (option)
• Density monitor supervision for one (1) pole activated
• The disconnector's running time towards operating mode exceeded
• The disconnector's running time towards earth mode exceeded
• The disconnector's mode position is undefined
• Electrical locking of operations in earthed mode
• Auxiliary voltage supervision for motor spring voltage (MM)
• Inactivity (option).
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-95
• Pole wear (option).
Arc eliminator
• Capacitors not charged
• Earth fault
• Sufficient capacitance on the capacitors (<60%)
• Leakage current on the capacitors too high
When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal
will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. Accordingly, it is any bay
computer in the switchgear that indicates the B-alarm.
5.5.4 C-alarm
This alarm acts as a customer specific alarm. Only used when the customer requires
an extra alarm level. (option)
When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal
will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. Accordingly, it is any bay
computer in the switchgear that indicates the C-alarm.
5.5.5 MR-alarm (auxiliary voltage supervision)
• Auxiliary voltage supervision of the relay voltage (MR)
When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal
will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle.
This signal is connected in parallel in the support cubicle to give a common alarm.
5.6 Alarm handling
The following measures are recommended with an alarm:
IRF-alarm
One of the bay computers in the switchgear is down and the cubicle in question will
be taken out of service as soon as possible for maintenance, e.g. to change the bay
computer.
A-alarm
An A-alarm means it is impossible to release one (or more) circuit-breakers or that
arc eliminator operation is unavailable. The switchgear should be taken out of
service immediately and the cause of the fault repaired.
B-alarm
The cause for the B-alarm should be repaired as soon as possible.
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C-alarm
A C-alarm is defined by the user (customer) and therefore it is the user who
determines the degree of importance and appropriate actions for the alarm.
MR-alarm
The MR-alarm indicates that the bay computer has no supply voltage. This should
be rectified as soon as possible.
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-97
5.7 Gas supervision
For full isolation against earth potential the poles of the circuit-breaker should be
filled with SF
6
gas to the right pressure (2.8 bar overpressure). The switchgear is
equipped with analogue pressure switches and the pressure can be read off on the
controller or by using a portable instrument directly on the sensor. The sensor and
gas filling valves are accessible from the operating section. The amount of gas (a
few litres) that the circuit-breaker holds is relatively small compared to gas
insulated high voltage switchgear. SF
6
gas is stabile and odourless.
SF
6
gas must not be released to the atmosphere. The gas is handled by ABB, in the
workshop and during service work, using special extraction equipment. The gas is
heavier than air and can be poured/sucked into another container under controlled
conditions. SF
6
gas that is exposed to arcs contains poisonous and corrosive
substances in both gas and powder forms. Circuit-breaker poles must not be opened
under site conditions or by inexperienced personnel. Contact ABB who has
knowledge and the resources to recycle the gas.
5.7.1 Density monitor
The density monitor is fitted on a plate between the operating mechanisms for the
disconnector and the circuit-breaker.
A low gas pressure is indicated on the density monitor’s alarm unit by LEDs and on
the bay computer.
• If the gas pressure falls below 1.8 bars overpressure this is indicated by a
yellow LED.
• If the gas pressure falls below 1.5 bars overpressure the colour of the LED
changes to red.
Figure 5-7. Density monitor unit (alarm unit)
In connection with this, the corresponding alarm contacts in the density monitor's
alarm unit also make.
• If the gas pressure falls below 1.8 bar in one or more of the poles a B-alarm is
indicated on the bay computer.
• If the gas pressure falls below 1.5 bar in one of the poles a B-alarm is indicated
on the bay computer.
DENSITY MONITOR
L1 L2 L3
ALARM ALARM ALARM
200013
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• If the gas pressure falls below 1.5 bar in two or three of the poles an A-alarm is
indicated on the bay computer.
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5.8 Switchgear operations
5.8.1 Operating the switching devices
Local operation of switching devices such as circuit-breakers or disconnectors is
performed as follows:
1. Select local operation using the Local/Remote button. The yellow LED L
comes on. If the Local mode is already selected, go to point 3.
2. Enter the password 1 (if active).
3. Select operating mode Local.
4. Press the object selector button to select the object. The objects in the
schematics are highlighted one at a time (stepping) each time the object
selector is pressed.
5. Press the button I (On/Operations) or button 0 (Off/Earth). On-Off refers to
circuit-breakers while Operation/Earth refers to disconnectors.
Single-line schematics on the display indicate new status of the object.
Figure 5-8. Selecting an object
Selected object highlighted
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5.8.2 Activating the arc eliminator
The arc eliminator in the incoming enclosure is activated during commissioning.
After any function the eliminator must be activated again as soon as it has been
established that no remaining faults exist.
Figure 5-9. Arc eliminator svstem´s controller
5.8.3 Resetting the arc eIiminator system
The arc eliminator system is rest after closing by using the resetting button on the
controller. The system then senses the functionality of the electronic circuits and
whether the capacitors are charged. If this is so, earth faults are reset automatically.
Resetting takes approx. 30 minutes and when the system is reset Pos open and Ext
pwv are lit. Other alarm LEDs should be dark, i.e. turned off after resetting.
Figure 5-10. Resetting button on the controller
200026
2 3 4 5 6 1
Ext. TVOC
Arc Detectors
E
x
t
.
p
w
r
E
x
t
.
T
V
O
C
A
-
a
la
r
m
B
-
a
la
r
m
E
C
U

fa
u
lt
E
a
r
t
h

fa
u
lt
P
o
s
.
o
p
e
n
P
o
s
.
c
lo
s
e
d
L
1
E
T
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fa
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lt
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2
E
T
U
fa
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lt
L
3
E
T
U
fa
u
lt
200034
AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-101
WARNING
Fatal voltage. The capacitors in the arc eliminator system are highly
dangerous to touch when charged. Exercise immense care with all work
on the system.
WARNING
Fatal voltage. Contact outlets on the controller (XM93, 94, 95) are highly
dangerous to touch. Exercise immense care with all work on the controller
and in its vicinity.
WARNING
The switchgear should be taken out of service immediately if an A-alarm
is indicated on the controller.
WARNING
If a B-alarm is indicated on the controller the cause should be investigated
and rectified immediately.
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5.8.4 Earthing
The integrated SF
6
encapsulated switching device contains a disconnector/earthing
switch and circuit-breaker in the same enclosure. The incoming enclosure also
houses an arc eliminator.
When the circuit-breaker breaks the operating current the connections to the busbars
are opened. Thereafter the disconnector/earthing switch operates to the earth position.
The circuit-breaker closes again and the cable becomes earthed. The earthing switch
function complies with the demands of five closing operations against the short
circuit current as the circuit-breaker is used for the connection to earth.
The safety regulations state the an invisible break point is permitted under the
condition that a safe, mechanical indicator is provided.
WARNING
Open the cubicle’s sliding door and check on the mechanical indicator that
the disconnector is open and the earthing switch made before any work is
carried out on the cubicle.
WARNING
As the circuit-breaker is interlocked against making the cable live when
the disconnector is in the earthed position, the circuit-breaker will not
close to earth the cable if the cable is live.
With all work on the high voltage side of the switchgear cubicle, the operating
mechanism for the disconnector/earthing switch as well as the circuit-breaker’s
operating mechanism should be locked in the disconnected/earthed position
respective closed position. As an extra safety precaution all cubicles can be
equipped with an extra capacitive voltage indication that indicates whether the cable
side is deenergised.
Earthing of the busbar can only be carried out via the sectioning cubicle or by using
a portable earthing device, which is connected on the cable side in combination with
a closed circuit-breaker and disconnector.
WARNING
Lock the operating mechanism for the disconnector/earthing switch using
a padlock in the disconnected/earthed position before carrying out any
work on the switchgear.
Lock the circuit-breaker’s operating mechanism in the closed position
before carrying out any work on the switchgear.
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1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-103
N.B. The Local/Remote switch should be in the Local position when earthing.
Earthing the power cable
Conditions:
– Local/Remote button in Local position
– Circuit-breaker Closed
– Disconnector in Operation position
Temporary earth the power cable as follows:
1. Highlight the circuit-breaker (curved arrow).
2. Press O (Off/Earth). The circuit-breaker opens.
3. Highlight the disconnector.
4. Press O (Off/Earth). The disconnector switches to the earth position.
5. Highlight the circuit-breaker (curved arrow).
6. Press I (On/Operation). The circuit-breaker closes.
7. The cable is now earthed.
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5.8.5 Indication messages
The indication messages (priority 1-3) provide an automatic overview of the
following:
• Indication of the protection functions.
• Condition control.
• Internal relay protection faults.
The indications are shown in order of priority in a list in the incident window. These
are active until acknowledged. Acknowledge by holding the C button in for five
seconds.
5.8.6 Indication of protection functions
When a protection function is activated, the name of the function and the text
START are displayed in the help window. The protection also shows which phase or
phases the fault has occurred on.
When the activated protection function is blocked the text BLOCK is displayed in
the window.
When the activated protection function trips an object the text TRIP is displayed in
the window.
When the protection function gives a delayed tripping signal for the circuit-
breaker’s failure protection the text CBFP (Circuit Breaker Failure Protection) is
displayed in the window.
NOC3Low:START
L1, L2, L3
NOC3Low:BLOCK
NOC3Low:TRIP
L1, L2, L3
NOC3Low:CBFP
L1, L2, L3
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5.9 Compiling statistics for operations and maintenance support
Operations and maintenance support can be obtained from the statistics that can be
compiled with information from the bay-computer.
Information can be:
• Number of operations per circuit-breaker (wear value, option).
• Current, voltage (option), output (option).
• Protection functions (option).
• Operating times (option).
The statistics can be shown on a PC locally in an office or workshop, in the station’s
control room or transmitted to an operations centre.
The following values can be obtained for storage of statistics by the bay computer:
• Number of cycles.
• Busbar current (via the incoming cubicle).
• Outgoing current.
• Outgoing output (option).
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5.10 Maintenance of the switchgear
The integrated supervision system in the AX1 allows interval controlled
maintenance to be replaced by measures triggered by fault indication. An ocular
inspection of the switchgear at appropriate times, depending on the operating
conditions, is recommended as a supplement to supervision as set out in the
maintenance plan, table 5-1.
The fault correction maintenance is related to faults discovered in the switchgear
and is primarily based on making a diagnosis, from an alarm, that results in
rectification. The fault correction maintenance described in this manual involves the
replacement of faulty units. However, if you wish to attempt to repair faulty units,
this usually demands special knowledge which is not provided in this manual.
The overhaul of equipment should be carried out according to defined criteria, for
example a specific number of operations. The overhaul should be carried out by
authorised AX1-specialists.
WARNING
Fatal voltage. Exercise great care during work on the switchgear. Follow
all safety regulations carefully. Maintenance plan
5.10.1 measures with an alarm
Authorised service personnel should be contacted if there uncertainty regarding the
measures to be taken in the event of fault indication.
Table 5-1. Maintenance intervals for the switchgear AX1
Equipment/Action 10 years
1000
operation
s
2000
operation
s
10000
operation
s
Note
General/Visual inspection O With normal
environment
according to
SSG
Circuit-breaker/operation O
Check/clean the ventilation terminals on
the main-circuit enclosure
O
Operating mechanism for the circuit-
breaker/ocular inspection
O
Operation of the disconnector/earthing
switch
O
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Operations supervised in AX1 are evident from section 5.4, Supervision.
It is recommended that the general condition of the switchgear be checked in
connection with fault indication and subsequent fault clearance, see section 5.10.2,
General/Ocular inspection.
5.10.2 General/Ocular inspection
Check the general condition of the switchgear, for example:
• Surface finish (are there scratches?, visible corrosion?)
• Cable insulation (burnt?)
• Is there anything that looks, smells or sounds abnormal?
• Connectors and terminals (are they correctly made and tightened?)
• Pole bolts and connections in the battery system
• The cleanliness of the operating enclosure, bay computer enclosure and the
lower frame (clean with a damp cloth and vacuum cleaner if necessary)
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5.10.3 Check the ventilation terminals on the main-circuit enclosure
There are ventilation terminals in the base and on top of the main-circuit enclosure
to ventilate the enclosure. These terminals should be inspected when work is to be
carried out on the main-circuit enclosure or every ten years according to the
maintenance plan.
1. Deenergise the switchgear
2. Remove the top plate from the switchgear cubicle.
3. Check that no foreign objects are covering the ventilation terminals’ grilles.
4. Blow out each ventilation terminal using a hair dryer and check that the air
flows through.
Figure 5-11. Ventilation terminals in the bottom of the main-circuit enclosure
5.10.4 Operation of the circuit-breaker
Authorised service personnel should be contacted if there uncertainty regarding the
measures to be taken in the event of fault indication.
Operations supervised on circuit-breakers are evident from section 5.4, Supervision.
5.10.5 Checking the operation of the disconnector
Authorised service personnel should be contacted if there uncertainty regarding the
measures to be taken in the event of fault indication.
Operations supervised on disconnector/earthing switch are evident from section 5.4,
Supervision.
970036
Ventilation terminals
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5.11 Trouble shooting
Trouble shooting on a medium voltage switchgear AX1 is based on a fault initiating
an alarm. Acknowledged faults that still remain indicate that the faults still exist on
the switchgear. This means that trouble shooting and diagnostics followed by fault
correction measures need to be carried out. The fact that not all types of fault can be
anticipated must always be taken into consideration when performing trouble
shooting. Faults can occur that do not give an alarm, but result in other fault states or
malfunction. Trouble shooting is primarily based on knowledge of the switchgear’s
operation and knowledge of trouble shooting logic as well as experience of trouble
shooting. The trouble shooting chart below can therefore be seen as a guide rather
than a list of possible faults and causes.
WARNING
Follow applicable safety instructions when trouble shooting. Always
contact the responsible supervisor before trouble shooting is started.
N.B. condition or by inexperienced personnel. Contact ABB who has knowledge
and the resources to recycle the gas.
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Table 5-2. Trouble shooting chart
Equipment/Fault Cause Action Note
Circuit-breaker operating
mechanism
Springs not loaded.
Motor has no or too low
control voltage
Check connectors and cables Loading of the
springs shall auto-
start after closing
Faulty motor Check the supply voltage to
the motor.
Contact the service workshop
if the motor is faulty
The control system does
not give a signal that the
circuit-breaker is in
position.
Angle fault in the
loading device
Contact the supplier/service
workshop
The springs in the
operating mechanism
are not sufficiently
loaded. The circuit-
breaker is not fully
engaged.
Angle fault in the
loading device
Contact the service workshop The control system
does not give a signal
that the circuit-
breaker is in position.
The angle sensor is
damaged or loose
Contact the supplier/service
workshop
The angle sensor
consists of reading
forks on a circuit
board. The circuit
board is mounted
close to the pole
shaft on the device’s
lower left-hand
section.
Circuit-breaker operating
mechanism
The circuit breaker does
not close/open despite the
indication showing the
springs are loaded.
Operating coil does not
switch
Measuring the control voltage
with closing/opening.
Check the operating circuit,
operating coil,
closing/opening springs.
Operating mechanism for
the disconnector/earthing
switch does not function
The motors lack voltage Measure that there is
operating voltage
Check the connectors
Bay computer
“Is black“
No supply voltage Check the supply voltage and
connectors
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Bay computer
Object cannot be selected
Incorrect operating
mode
Check that the Local mode is
selected
Bay computer
Green lamp on display
flashes
Contact the service workshop
Table 5-2. Trouble shooting chart
Equipment/Fault Cause Action Note
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1VET 954300-905 e rev D 6-113
6. ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING
6.1 GeneraI
Environmental aspects have stood to the fore during the development of the
switchgear AX1. The environmental impact during the product’s service life from
material production to recycling have been assessed and evaluated using a LCA-
analysis (Life Cycle Assessment).
The life cycle assessment involves identifying the product’s environmental impact
during its entire service life. This includes: raw material, manufacturing, use,
recycling and depositing.
The factors that form the primary environmental impact are the material in the
switchgear, operating losses and the possibility of recycling. Factors such as
manufacture and transport are also worth evaluating, but only have a minor
significance.
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6.2 MateriaI
Raw materials with a low environmental impact have been chosen for the X1
switchgear. The compact design uses less material, which in itself results in less
impact on the environment. Aluminium has been used as far as possible in the actual
cubicles. The secondary enclosures and the lower frame are entirely made of
aluminium. Aluminium requires little energy to recycle. The main-circuit enclosure
is manufactured of stainless steel and alu-zinc (zinc coated sheet steel). The tubular
busbar system is manufactured of uninsulated copper that is easy to recycle.
Table 6-1. Main materials in AX1
Switchgear component Material Note
Tubular busbar system Copper/aluminium
Cubicle frame (operating
enclosure)
Aluminium
Cubicle frame (main-circuit
enclosure)
Alu-zinc and stainless
steel
Lower frame Aluminium
Doors and covers Aluminium
Ends Enamelled sheet
Lower frame’s cover plates Pre-enamelled sheet Enamelled scratch-proof
sheet
Bay computer Electronic components
Gold plated contacts
Plastics
Batteries
Switching devices Copper
Aluminium
Steel
Silver
Epoxy plastic
SF
6
-gas
Operating mechanism Steel
Spring steel
Brass
Diverse composite
materials
Cables Copper
Plastics
Gold plated contacts
AX1 Manual ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 6-115
6.3 A few facts about SF
6
-gas
An AX1 switchgear contains no components hazardous to man or the environment,
if the materials are taken care of and recycled correctly. The only element that can
have a long-term effect on the environment, however very small, is the SF
6
gas used
as an insulation gas in the switching devices. The gas must be taken care of and
recycled.
N.B. SF
6
-gas that escapes to the atmosphere makes a certain contribution towards
the greenhouse effect. Therefore handle the gas sensibly. Do not release the
gas into the atmosphere. Reuse the gas or destroy it when necessary.
The amount of SF
6
-gas in a switching device in AX1 is very little.
Properties
• The gas is not toxic. It is not hazardous to inhale as long as the oxygen content
in the surrounding air is sufficiently high.
• The gas is heavier than air. This means that leaking gas can collect, for
example, in cable trenches.
ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING AX1 Manual
6-116 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
6.4 Life cycIe
6.4.1 InstaIIation
Packaging (paIIets, pIastic wrapping, ties)
Wooden pallets with battens for the AX1-cubicle can be returned to the supplier.
ABB Distribution has a deposit system for pallets (more information can be
provided on request).
Other packaging, for example the plastic wrapping and ties, etc. can be sorted and
taken to an approved environment station.
Damaged paIIets
Pallets from ABB Distribution contain no toxic wood impregnation agent and can
therefore be burnt.
CabIe waste
Excess cable and cable waste should be taken to an approve environment station for
recycling.
Other materiaIs
Any other remaining material from the installation should be sorted and taken to an
approved environment station.
6.4.2 Operations and Maintenance
Operations
Operation of the switchgear is dependent on the objects and processes to be supplied
by the switchgear and it is therefore important to bear in mind factors that involve
lower operation losses as early as the planning stage. One such factor could be that a
cubicle for incoming supply is placed in the vicinity of the switchgear cubicle that
supplies large loads. In this way heat loss in the busbars can be reduced. A marginal
reduction in heat loss has immense significance over a period of 10-20 years.
Maintenance
• Handling SF
6
gas
– All regulations concerning the handling of SF
6
gas must be followed when
refilling the SF
6
gas and during the inspection of sealing system.
AX1 Manual ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING
1VET 954300-905 e rev D 6-117
• Replacing the units
– When replacing faulty units, the faulty unit should be sent to a service
station to undergo a possible service and repair. If it is not environmentally
or economically motivated to repair the unit it should be taken to an
approved environment station for destruction or disposal.
6.4.3 Scraping and recycIing
Gas fiIIed switching devices
Handle SF
6
gas with care to avoid gas leakage.
Contaminated SF
6
gas can be handled in several ways:
• ABB offers to take care of the circuit-breaker when the gas filled equipment is
to be scraped.
• Used gas can be filtered and reused.
• Gas suppliers can regenerate the gas.
• The gas can be destroyed.
– SF
6
gas is heated up together with lime. The natural products plaster and
felspar are then formed.
MetaIs
Metal components can be sorted and left to an approved environment station for
recycling.
EIectronics
Bay computers should be left with an approved electronic recovery company.
Batteries
Batteries should be left at an approved environment station or returned to the
supplier.
Non recycIabIe materiaI
Material that cannot be recycled should be left at an environment station for
destruction or disposal.
ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING AX1 Manual
6-118 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D
1VET954300-905 e rev D
010112
ABBPower Tecnology Products
Medium Voltage Products
SE-771 80 Ludvika, Sweden
Telephone: + 46 240 78 20 00
Fax: + 46 240 78 40 21

WARNING and NOTE This document contains WARNING and NOTE information where appropriate to point out safety related or other important information. It is of the utmost importance that the specifically marked warning texts are observed.

OPTIONS Standard as well as extra equipment are described in this Manual. Non standard equipment is described as an option in the text. Parts included as standard may change and are evident from the applicable order documents.

TRADEMARK AX1 is a registered trademark belonging to ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd in Switzerland.

NOTE The contents of this Manual are protected in accordance with copyright law and may not be reproduced without permission from ABB Distribution AB. ABB Distribution AB reserves the right to change the contents of this Manual without prior notice. ABB Distribution AB takes no responsibility for deficiencies and errors in this Manual or for the consequences of incorrect use of the Manual.

CE-MARKING This product complies with the demands in accordance with the EU-diretive 89/336/EEC + 92/31/EEC (EMC-directive) as well as 72/23/EEC + 93/68/EEC (low voltage directive).

Copyright © ABB Distribution AB 2000

1VET954300-905 e rev D

AX1 Manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 General.........................................................................................................................7 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.1.4 1.2 1.3 What is described in this Manual................................................................7 Writing conventions....................................................................................7 Associated documents.................................................................................8 Product information and references............................................................8

What is AX1?...............................................................................................................9 Brief description of the switchgear AX1 ...................................................................11 1.3.1 1.3.2 1.3.3 Main circuit enclosure ..............................................................................11 Operating enclosure ..................................................................................14 Lower frame..............................................................................................16 Sectioning .................................................................................................20

1.4 1.5 1.6

Cubicle types..............................................................................................................19 1.4.1 Technical data ............................................................................................................21 Standards....................................................................................................................23

2. SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 General.......................................................................................................................25 Warnings ....................................................................................................................26 Personal safety ...........................................................................................................26 Equipment safety .......................................................................................................27 To bear in mind during installation and when working on the switchgear................27

3. INSTALLATION
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 General.......................................................................................................................29 Transport and unpacking............................................................................................29 Demands on the switchgear room..............................................................................31 Switchgear placement ................................................................................................34 Assembling the lower frame ......................................................................................35 Installation and assembly of equipment in the lower frame ......................................40 3.6.1 Installation of power cables ......................................................................42 Assembling the switchgear cubicle on the lower frame ............................................45 Joining the busbar ......................................................................................................47 Installation of the support cubicle (termination cubicle) ...........................................52 3.9.1 3.10.1 3.10.2 3.10.3 3.11 Earthing.....................................................................................................53 Cables for 110 V DC power supply..........................................................56 Opto-cables ...............................................................................................57 Signal cables .............................................................................................58 Installation of control cables......................................................................................55

Installation of separate auxiliary equipment..............................................................59

1VET954300-905 e rev D

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AX1 Manual

3.11.1 3.11.2 3.12 3.13 3.14

Voltage indication, passive....................................................................... 59 Emergency stop ........................................................................................ 60

Assembling the switchgear’s end plates.................................................................... 61 Assembling the lower frame’s end-plates, intermediate plates and front ................. 62 Supplementary work and installation inspection ...................................................... 63

4. COMMISSIONING
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 General ...................................................................................................................... 65 Installation inspection ............................................................................................... 65 Inspection of control cable connections.................................................................... 66 Inspection of the support cubicle .............................................................................. 67 4.4.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Batteries and power distribution .............................................................. 67 Star coupler for optical fibres................................................................... 68 Cross connections (connection interface) ................................................ 68

Inspection of the switchgear cubicle ......................................................................... 69 Voltage feeding protection and control equipment ................................................... 70 Checking parameters................................................................................................. 71 Setting a password..................................................................................................... 71 Arc eliminator system ............................................................................................... 72 4.9.1 4.9.2 4.9.3 4.9.4 Activating the arc eliminator system........................................................ 72 Resetting the arc eliminator system ......................................................... 74 Connection of one or more extra sensors ................................................. 75 Testing the arc eliminator system............................................................. 76

4.10 4.11

Energising the high voltage circuits .......................................................................... 77 Functionality test....................................................................................................... 78 4.11.1 4.11.2 Locally in the switchgear ......................................................................... 78 From the master control room or operating centre................................... 78

4.12

Acceptance inspection before commercial operation ............................................... 79

5. OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE
5.1 General ...................................................................................................................... 81 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.3 5.3.1 Cover over the bay computer enclosure................................................... 81 Operating mechanism's sliding cover ...................................................... 82 Background lighting and contrast ............................................................ 84 Arrow keys ............................................................................................... 85 C- and E button ........................................................................................ 86 Local/Remote button................................................................................ 87 Choice of operating mode (levels) ........................................................... 88

Front of the bay computer (buttons, LEDs, display)................................................. 83

Bay computer’s functions.......................................................................................... 88

iv

1VET954300-905 e rev D

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 5.3.5 5.4 5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3 5.5 5.5.1 5.5.2 5.5.3 5.5.4 5.5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8

Changing passwords .................................................................................88 Object selection in the main window........................................................89 Indication of protection functions.............................................................89 Technical level ..........................................................................................89 Supervision of the switchgear and switching devices ..............................90 Supervision in the support cubicle............................................................92 What is not supervised in the AX1? .........................................................92 Internal relay fault (IRF)...........................................................................93 A-alarm .....................................................................................................94 B-alarm .....................................................................................................94 C-alarm .....................................................................................................95 MR-alarm (auxiliary voltage supervision)................................................95

Supervision ................................................................................................................90

Alarm signals from the switchgear ............................................................................93

Alarm handling ..........................................................................................................95 Gas supervision..........................................................................................................97 5.7.1 5.8.1 5.8.2 5.8.3 5.8.4 5.8.5 5.8.6 Density monitor ........................................................................................97 Operating the switching devices ...............................................................99 Activating the arc eliminator ..................................................................100 Resetting the arc eliminator system ........................................................100 Earthing...................................................................................................102 Indication messages ................................................................................104 Indication of protection functions...........................................................104 Switchgear operations................................................................................................99

5.9 5.10

Compiling statistics for operations and maintenance support .................................105 Maintenance of the switchgear ................................................................................106 5.10.1 5.10.2 5.10.3 5.10.4 5.10.5 measures with an alarm...........................................................................106 General/Ocular inspection .....................................................................107 Check the ventilation terminals on the main-circuit enclosure...............108 Operation of the circuit-breaker..............................................................108 Checking the operation of the disconnector ...........................................108

5.11

Trouble shooting ......................................................................................................109

1VET954300-905 e rev D

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

AX1 Manual

6. ENVIRONMENT AND RECYCLING
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 General .....................................................................................................................113 Material ....................................................................................................................114 A few facts about SF6-gas........................................................................................115 Life cycle..................................................................................................................116 6.4.1 6.4.2 6.4.3 Installation...............................................................................................116 Operations and Maintenance...................................................................116 Scraping and recycling ............................................................................117

vi

1VET954300-905 e rev D

1752'8&7. Accepted English technical terms have been used instead of less known Swedish terms. e. Other important considerations were that the quality of work should be the best possible and the risk of forgetting anything should be minimised.21  . The Manual includes the following sections: • • • • • • Introduction (this section) Safety when working with AX1 Installation Commissioning Operations and Maintenance Environment and recycling  :ULWLQJ FRQYHQWLRQV The following writing conventions have been applied throughout this Manual: • • • Abbreviations are explained the first time they appear in the chapter or section. 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-7 . It has been our ambition to describe the work process stage by stage.1752'8&7. The Installation chapter deals with transport and unpacking and then procedures follow in the correct order. but as reality is frequently different with many activities taking place at the same time the descriptions may not always correspond with the method you select. Text appearing on signs on the product are reproduced exactly where possible. the term “time-out“ has been used instead of a Swedish term.AX1 Manual . it is a logical description method that should assist all personnel coming into contact with AX1. The thought behind this form of presentation is to assist those working with AX1.21  *HQHUDO  :KDW LV GHVFULEHG LQ WKLV 0DQXDO The contents of this Manual follow the procedures for working with AX1. This means that sections in the Manual follow the sequence in which work should be carried out starting with the Installation chapter.g. The arrangement of the Manual also makes it possible to easily introduce improvements when updating and to refine the description of work stages. Despite this.

+ 46 (0)21-320800 or ABB Distribution AB (Arboga) on telephone int. ver 2. + 46 (0)589-85100.. Product information and reference material: • • • Brochure.1752'8&7.21 AX1 Manual  $VVRFLDWHG GRFXPHQWV In addition to this Manual.0 Environment publication. 1VET 954300-912 Product catalogue. 1VET 954300-903S. “Questions and Answers about SF6“. the following are included in the delivery of the medium voltage installation AX1: • • • • • • • • • • • • Line diagrams/assembly diagrams Hole pattern drawing for the floor Operating diagram Circuit diagram (IEC 1082) Equipment list Wiring table Cable harness list Manual for the bay computer REF REF graphical configuration REF list of variables Manual for battery carriage (if included in the delivery) Test protocol for operating test and site test  3URGXFW LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG UHIHUHQFHV Medium voltage switchgear AX1 is described in many different publications and even in a multimedia presentation on CD-ROM. All material can be ordered from ABB Kraft AB on telephone int. 1-8 1VET954300-905 e rev D .

The support cubicle is the interface between the switchgear and the master control equipment. Bay computer Display for battery monitoring Support cubicle Switchgear cubicles AX Lower frame (cable compartment) Lower frame (with battery carriage) 200008 )LJXUH  0HGLXP YROWDJH VZLWFKJHDU $.AX1 Manual .21  :KDW LV $. prepared and operations tested on delivery. ZLWK WKUHH VZLWFKJHDU FXELFOHV DQG D VXSSRUW FXELFOH WR WKH IDU OHIW 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-9 ." The switchgear system AX1 is system for the distribution of medium voltage in power and industrial installations. but should be placed as the outside left cubicle to facilitate future expansion. The support cubicle can be placed anywhere in the switchgear line. A switchgear consists of a number of switchgear cubicles with connecting equipment and one or more support cubicles. The support cubicle can be fitted with equipment for power supply and computer equipment as well as terminals for regulation and control equipment. It is a complete switchgear system.1752'8&7.

Operating enclosure Main circuit enclosure Lower frame 200009 )LJXUH  7KH VZLWFKJHDU¶V HQFDSVXODWHG PRGXOHV 1-10 1VET954300-905 e rev D . The switchgear is divided into three enclosure modules: • • • Main-circuit enclosure for main-current paths and connection equipment.1752'8&7.. Operating enclosure for operating devices and bay computer including low voltage cables. Lower frame that also makes up the enclosure for power cable termination.21 AX1 Manual AX1 is modular based and primary encapsulated.

The earthing switch complies with the higher standard demands of five closing operations against the short-circuit current as the switch is used for connection to earth. (QFDSVXODWHG VZLWFKLQJ GHYLFHV The switching devices are integrated in one and the same enclosure with SF6 gas. The primary operations: current breaking. The disconnector/earthing switch has one electrical operating mechanism per phase. This design gives uniform dielectric fields and permits short phase clearance and a compact design. • 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-11 . which results in high operating and personal safety. but also a complete switchgear system/installation.1752'8&7. This means that all high voltage parts are housed in the encapsulated main circuit enclosure and are inaccessible from the outside. From a definition point of view AX1 is a primary encapsulated and air insulated switchgear. • Disconnector/earthing switch The disconnection and earthing operations are combined.AX1 Manual .21  %ULHI GHVFULSWLRQ RI WKH VZLWFKJHDU $. The circuit-breaker has a 3 pole spring-loaded operating mechanism. Circuit-breaker The circuit-breaker is of the auto-puffer type and is a further development of ABB’s tried and tested SF6 circuit-breaker. as the insulation and protective gas against external environmental impact.  0DLQ FLUFXLW HQFORVXUH 7XEXODU EXVEDU V\VWHP AX1 has tubular busbars formed in a triangle. disconnecting and earthing all take place fully protected in the SF6 environment in a common equipment enclosure. at the same time as the magnetic field has been reduced. The medium voltage switchgear AX1 is not just a medium voltage cubicle.

1752'8&7. which give immense freedom when setting up the switchgear. This prevents pressure and thermal damage from occurring and toxic arc gases from forming. Arc eliminator 200012 )LJXUH  7KH VZLWFKJHDU V SULPDU\ HQFORVXUH 1-12 1VET954300-905 e rev D .21 AX1 Manual $FWLYH DUF HOLPLQDWRU AX1 is equipped with active arc protection in the form of an arc eliminator.. The arc is short-circuited to earth within 5 ms. Pressure relief systems in the switchgear or switchgear room are not required. It is located in the incoming feeder cubicle and protects the switchgear and any personnel in the service passage from arc damage/injury.

21 &RLO VSULQJ FRQWDFWV Coil spring contacts are used on all dismountable connection points in the maincurrent circuits and on moving current transmission points inside the switching devices. which gives among others a lower transmission resistance. 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-13 .AX1 Manual . Operating current contacts on the circuit-breaker. 970025 )LJXUH  6SULQJ FRLO FRQWDFW The spring coil contact has been given its name because current transmission takes place via springs. Operating current contacts on the disconnector/earthing switch. Cable connections (with snap-in connections). Lower connection on the switching device. The technique is based on tried and tested ABB-patent. Upper connection on the switching device. Two or more springs (independent of the current strength) with opposite coil directions are placed in each spring groove so that they do not engage when turned. Coil springs contacts can be found in the following areas: • • • • • • Tubular busbar system (as connectors for the busbar).1752'8&7. As the springs have many coils there are a large number of current transmission points.

The operating mechanism is replaceable in the earthed position.21 AX1 Manual  2SHUDWLQJ HQFORVXUH 2SHUDWLQJ PHFKDQLVP The operating mechanisms for the switching devices are located in the operating enclosure. The tripping pulse comes from an arc guard via the arc eliminator's monitoring unit. Tripping is activated by a very fast magnet and a capacitor. The operating mechanism can be removed. The closing spring is loaded by an electric motor. • Disconnector/earthing switch Disconnector/earthing switch is operated by an electrical operating mechanism per phase.1752'8&7.. Circuit-breaker The circuit-breaker is operated by a spring operating mechanism which is common to all three phases. • • Operating mechanism f disconnector/earthing switch Operating mechanism f the circuit-breaker 200016 )LJXUH  3ODFHPHQW RI WKH RSHUDWLQJ PHFKDQLVPV LQ WKH RSHUDWLQJ HQFORVXUH 1-14 1VET954300-905 e rev D . Arc eliminator The arc eliminator's operating mechanism is integrated in the arc eliminator. even when in use. The tripping spring is automatically loaded when the circuit-breaker is closed.

AX1 Manual .1752'8&7. protection. The front houses function keys and a display which shows single line schematics.21 %D\ FRPSXWHU The bay computer REF contains the functions for object control. alarms measurement values and text messages. measuring and monitoring. REF 541 ABB Network Partner FEEDER TERMINAL Arc killer Disconnection Breaker Remote Use arrow keys L F R L R C E 200007 )LJXUH  %D\ FRPSXWHU 5() 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-15 . The bay computer in the switchgear cubicle can be connected radially (star) via an optocable to a star coupler in the support cubicle (with LON communications as a type of local network for data transmission).

are intended for cross-sections 500. which means that an insulation fault only results in an earth fault. SOC 630 can take cables up to 300 mm2. 800. or are fitted with an earthed metal sheath.1752'8&7. Elastimold. They are fitted with an earthed metal sheath. 630. but this must be checked in each specific case.. type SWA. 1000 and 1200 mm2. The lower frame can easily be adjusted so that it stands level as the entire weight of the cubicle is not loading the adjustable feet. for example....21 AX1 Manual  /RZHU IUDPH The lower frame is an individual enclosure separate from the switchgear cubicle and can therefore be assembled on site in advance. The cable connections are single phase encapsulated. Pirelli. &DEOH FRQQHFWLRQ ! $ Cable connections are from ABB Kabeldon... Note that even these must be of a type that has a conductive outer layer and that in some cases it is only possible to use two parallel cables due to the size. SOC 630 is only available in two sizes.. for cables greater than or less than 150 mm2. which makes the choice of connection and assembly very easy. which means that an insulation fault only results in an earth fault. The connectors in the switchgear cubicle are intended for snap-in cable connectors for currents over 1250 A up to 3150 A. is available in two models. &DEOH FRQQHFWLRQ  $ Cable connections are from ABB Kabeldon. SWA/. The cable assembly can be completed before the switchgear cubicle is fitted to the lower frame by using a dummy assembly. The cable connections are single phase encapsulated. Other cable connectors that can be used are. Raychem and ABB Energiekabel. SWA/Cu for cables with copper conductors and SWA/Al for cables with aluminium conductors. The switchgear cubicle’s connector is a 630 A standard cone designed for 1250 A. 1-16 1VET954300-905 e rev D . which is earthed. They have an outer layer of a conductive material. SWA/. type SOC 630. They are also suitable for a smaller (<500 mm2) or a greater (>1200 mm2) cross-section.

from a few ampere up to short-circuit currents. which means a more compact cubicle design. Low operating losses. One size covers the entire measurement range. accuracy classes do not need to be defined. burdens. However. it is fully possible to supplement with standard current transformers of the ring core type if required.1752'8&7.21 0HDVXUHPHQW A new technique is used in AX1 for current and voltage measurement. Smaller footprint and lighter than conventional instrument transformers. The measurement technique with sensors offers a number of benefits: • • • • • • • Linearity is achieved across the entire measurement range (no saturation). Connection box for connection to the sensors Outer cone for cable connection 970015 )LJXUH  &DEOH FRQQHFWRU ZLWK LQWHJUDWHG PHDVXUHPHQW VHQVRUV 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-17 . Conventional instrument transformers have been replaced by sensors integrated in the circuit-breaker or in the cable connectors. Current and voltage sensors can be integrated in a unit. Nominal currents. The number of variants is limited.AX1 Manual . No reconnection between different measurement ranges.

Compensation for any measurement error is made in the bay computer by means of the correction factor. There is a voltage sensor for measuring and protection and a separate sensor for indicating. which gives great measurement accuracy even with high fault currents. Each sensor. is isolated from the primary current. is co-tested and the measurement error is defined in the form of a correction factor on the sensor. It is therefore important to ensure that the right connection cable is connected to the right sensor. These are located in the cable connector or in the lower post insulator for the busbar.21 AX1 Manual Current measurement using Rogowski coil A Rogowski coil is used for current measurement. 1-18 1VET954300-905 e rev D .. The measurement. It is a circular coil wound on a core of non-magnetic material. The same measurement signals are used for protection and measurement functions. Sensor for voltage measurement Sensor for voltage indication Rogowski coil for current measuring 970039 )LJXUH  &XUUHQW DQG YROWDJH VHQVRUV LQ WKH FDEOH FRQQHFWRU 9ROWDJH PHDVXUHPHQW XVLQJ FDSDFLWLYH YROWDJH GLYLGHUV Sensors for voltage measurement can withstand voltages up to 24 kV. The material is temperature stable.1752'8&7. including the connection cable to the bay computer. as on a conventional current transformer. The Rogowski coil in AX1 can measure currents from a few ampere up to shortcircuit current.

Standard design with cable connections from the front at the bottom (options for cable connections from the rear at the bottom). Available with or without voltage transformer. Incoming circuit-breaker cubicle Outgoing circuit-breaker cubicle Disconnector cubicle. Support cubicle (low voltage cubicle). Support cubicle 970046 )LJXUH  &XELFOH W\SHV LQ WKH $. – – • Support cubicle without voltage transformer requires a longer busbar joint if placed in the centre of the line.AX1 Manual . Makes up the interface to the master control and protection equipment. auxiliary voltage supply 110 V DC. Disconnector cubicle. Standard design with cable connections from the front at the bottom (options for cable connections from the rear at the bottom). IDPLO\ 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-19 . Outgoing feeder (circuit-breaker) cubicle. With conventional voltage transformers.21  &XELFOH W\SHV The medium voltage switchgear AX1 consists of the following cubicle types: • Incoming feeder (circuit-breaker) cubicle. • • • Support panel for wall mounting.1752'8&7.

Sectioning 970046a )LJXUH  6HFWLRQLQJ ZLWK D FLUFXLWEUHDNHU FXELFOH DQG D GLVFRQQHFWRU FXELFOH 1-20 1VET954300-905 e rev D .21 AX1 Manual  6HFWLRQLQJ Sectioning is done with a sectioning cubicle or by connecting a circuit-breaker cubicle and a disconnector cubicle on the lower side using an interconnecting joint.1752'8&7..

1752'8&7. 4//300 .1200 mm2 max 4//300 . 2//300 .21  7HFKQLFDO GDWD 7DEOH  7HFKQLFDO GDWD IRU $. 7DEOH  7\SH RI FRQQHFWLRQ DQG FDEOH FURVVVHFWLRQV 5DWHG FXUUHQW $ 630 . 3//300 mm2 *) max.1200 mm2 *) For some types of connections that are not an ABB brand.40 kA 16 .40 kA 24 kV 125 kV 630 -2500 A 16 –31. 1% Also see the rating plate on each switchgear cubicle.5 kA 16 . max 2//630 mm2. 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-21 .AX1 Manual .3150 A 16 . Rated voltage Insulation level (BIL) Rated current Short-circuit current 3 s Arc test 1 s 12 kV 75 kV 630 . AX1 and in doings so more than meets the criteria in IEC 298.1200 mm2 max.40 kA AX1 has been tested and complies with all six criteria for arc testing in accordance with (the more stringent) older Swedish standard SS 436 21 03 appendix a.1250 2000 2500 -3150 2500 5DWHG YROWDJH N9 12 and 24 12 and 24 12 24 &XELF OH &RQQHFWLRQ ZLGWK PP 650 650 975 975 Outer cone Snap-in Snap-in Snap-in &DEOH FURVVVHFWLRQ max.

 1-22 1VET954300-905 e rev D . Height 2240 mm with 800 mm high lower frame Height 2040 mm with 600 mm high lower frame W.21 AX1 Manual H. Width 650 mm or 975 mm (additional 140 mm with end plate) D.1752'8&7. Depth 1050 mm Weight 650 mm cubicle: 400-450 kg max 20 kg/cm2 Weight 975 mm cubicle: 500-550 kg max 20 kg/cm2 H D W 200001 )LJXUH  6ZLWFKJHDU FXELFOH $..

amd 2 1995 1984 1973 1987 1987 1990.AX1 Manual . 7DEOH  6WDQGDUGV 6WDQGDUG IEC 60056 IEC 60129 IEC 60137 IEC 60185 IEC 60186 IEC 60298 IEC 60529 IEC 60660 IEC 60694 IEC 60932 7LWOH6FRSH Circuit-breakers Disconnector and earthing switch Cable glands above 1000 V Current transformers Voltage transformers AC metal-enclosed switchgear Degree of protection (IP-code) Insulators of organic material Common clauses for switchgear 'DWH RI LVVXH 1992.21  6WDQGDUGV The medium voltage switchgear AX1 complies with standards as set out in table 1-3.1752'8&7. amd 1 1996 1989 1979 1996 Enclosed switchgear to be used in severe 1988 climatic conditions 1999 CDV 1999-12 IEC 60044-8 Electrical current transducers IEC 60044-7 Electrical voltage transformers 1VET954300-905 e rev D 1-23 .

.21 AX1 Manual 1-24 1VET954300-905 e rev D .1752'8&7.

are great bearing in mind the installed equipment is voltage fed for the first time. the greatest risk is when work is carried out in a switchgear room where there may be equipment already commissioned in operation. Applicable standards. see table 1-3. (Elsäkerhetsverkets regulation’s on the design and maintenance of electrical high current installations). among others. process equipment or the personnel working on the process. for example. When commissioning the risks. Svenska Elektriska Kommissionen SEK and Svenska Elverksföreningen (Guide to high current regulations). but there is also a risk of damaging the equipment fed from the switchgear. When recycling or disposing of material in the switchgear the impact on the environment can be negative if the equipment is not handled in the proposed manner. During operations and maintenance the risks mention above exist. Elsäkerhetsverket. nevertheless electrical safety must be observed as power tools. risks are usually when lifting or due to pinch injuries. • • 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 2-25 . are used during the installation work. Reference literature: • High current regulations ELSÄK-FS 1999:5 issued by Elsäkerhetsverket.AX1 Manual SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 2. both personal and to the equipment. both personal and to the equipment. However. the most obvious danger when working with the medium voltage switchgear is the mortal danger involved when working with an electrical installation if the applicable electrical safety regulations are not followed and if the personnel carrying out the work lack the requisite training and knowledge of the electrical installation. However. During assembly and installation when there is no high voltage in the switchgear. High current guide published 2000 issued by Elektriska Installatörsorganisationen EIO.1 General Working on a switchgear installation always involves a safety risk. SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 2.

SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 AX1 Manual 2. Observation texts are marked in this way. Bearing in mind that a switchgear in the vicinity can be operated by protective and automatic operations. Bear in mind that a switchgear in remote mode can be operated from another position or via protective and automatic operations.3 Personal safety The following should be observed: • • • • • • • • • Only use approved lifting equipment. 2-26 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . This gives important information that can facilitate the work or to remind about things that can be easily forgotten. Only wear approved flameproof protective clothing. Responsibility for setting up and placement rests. This gives a warning that extra care must be exercised to avoid personal injury or damage to the equipment. WARNING The general symbol has been replaced by a symbol with an arrow that symbolises electrical flashover in warning text directly related to electrical safety. completely on the owner of the installation. 2. N. Follow all instructions on electrical safety and work earthing. Warning texts have the following appearance with a general warning symbol in the margin. It is of the utmost importance that the specifically marked warning texts are observed.2 Warnings In this Manual there is WARNING and NOTE information where appropriate to point out safety related or other important information. according to applicable provisions.B. Use cautious lifting techniques and exercise care so that back and pinch injuries are avoided. Exercise great care when working in or next to an energised switchgear. In some cases the general symbol has been replaced by a special symbol. It is recommended that emergency stop buttons are located by each output from the switchgear room. WARNING This is how a warning text is marked. Only use double insulated power tools.

Do not change the protection settings and blocking without be completely aware of the consequences. Always point out safety risks discovered while working with the switchgear to your supervisor or safety officer. A changed protection setting can affect the protection’s selectivity and jeopardise the operation of the entire installation. you need to open a bay computer. for some reason. 2. • • 2. • • 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 2-27 .4 Equipment safety The following should be observed: • Avoid static discharge when working with the bay computer REF.5 To bear in mind during installation and when working on the switchgear • During work on the switchgear all essential cordoning off and signs must be arranged to prevent unauthorised persons from coming into contact with the switchgear. Exercise care so that no tools or equipment that can cause short-circuiting are used or forgotten after installation. An earthed wrist strap (ESD-protection) must be worn and the supplier's instructions observed if.AX1 Manual SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 WARNING Always disconnect the voltage and earth the busbar and possible rear feeds when working in the main-circuit enclosure. Always draw up a list of procedures to be approved by the supervisor or safety officer before work on the switchgear is started.

SAFETY WHEN WORKING WITH AX1 AX1 Manual 2-28 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .

167$//$7.21  .AX1 Manual . First the lower frame for each AX1-cubicle is delivered to the site in kit form. Option. before the switchgear cubicle is assembled on the lower frame. Against an extra charge the switchgear can be quoted packed in a fully welded aluminium bag and export packed in a plywood or wooden crate. and then 1 to 2 weeks later the switchgear cubicles are delivered. lifting straps can be used if these are placed under the bottom of the pallet so that the pallet bears all the weight of the AX1-cubicle when lifting. that the installation should be performed in the lower frame. even with simultaneous deliveries of the lower frame and switchgear. but lifting beams can be fitted to the cubicle’s ends if the plastic sheet is opened. Storage/storing can then be done for a maximum of 12 weeks. for example. 3-29 • • 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . levelling and anchoring.3 page 31. A tempered and dry indoor building (warmer than 15 °C) is recommended for storage periods greater than 12 weeks.167$//$7. All equipment. Also check the number of packages against the delivery note and order documents. Requisite holes for cables in the concrete floor should be made before setting up the lower frame. Storage/storing can then be done for a maximum of 60 months (5 years).  7UDQVSRUW DQG XQSDFNLQJ The switchgear cubicle is supplied covered in plastic and strapped vertically to a pallet. Allow the packaging to remain in place as long as possible. There are no lifting eyes. When unloading inspect for signs of transport damage. for cable connection and the assembly of any cable current transformers. Storage shall take place in a tempered (warmer than 15 °C) and dry indoor building when storing for longer than three days. Use a fork lift truck when unloading. see section 3. the operating mechanisms and the bay computer are assembled in the cubicle on delivery.21  *HQHUDO A delivery of a medium voltage switchgear AX1 normally takes place in two stages. On delivery the switchgear cubicle and other equipment is assembled on the completed lower frame. This allows the installation site to be prepared through assembling the lower frame. If the switchgear is to be stored before installation the following applies: • • • The switchgear may be stored outdoors under a rain cover/roof with undamaged/unopened transport packaging for a maximum of three (3) days. 1% We recommend. When storing equipment packed for export in plywood or wooden crates this should be done under a rain cover/roof. The working space will then be better and this will have a favourable effect on the quality of the work. The switching devices are locked in the disconnected position during transport for reasons of safety. Alternatively.

21 AX1 Manual If the storage directives are not followed the equipment can be exposed to corrosion which means a risk of impaired operation.1* The cable glands will be damaged if the cubicle is lifted from the pallet with the bottom block and then placed on a flat surface. 200050 )LJXUH  7KH VZLWFKJHDU FXELFOH PXVW QRW UHVW RQ WKH FXELFOH V FDEOH JODQGV If.167$//$7. The warranty undertaking no longer applies with incorrect storage. :$51. Contact the supplier if there is uncertainty about an appropriate storage environment. for some reason. Complaints about missing or damaged components should be made to the supplier as soon as possible. it should be placed RQ LWV EDFN on the transport pallet. the switchgear cubicle cannot be transported vertically. The switchgear cubicle stands on a transport pallet on a cellular foam bottom block so that the protruding cable glands (external cone connectors) are not damaged. 3-30 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .. for example due to confined doors or elevators.

&RQFUHWH IORRU Holes for power cables should be made as small as possible so as not to weaken the floor more than necessary. Switchgear floor/raised floor (intermediate floor type ISO Floor or the like) that withstands the weight of the switchgear) approved for electrical rooms. This allows eddy currents to be formed in the reinforcement steel. walls or ceiling at an early stage.AX1 Manual . Most sealing systems require rectangular metal frames or round metal sleeves for embedding or building-in. The floor should be of the following type: • • Concrete floor with a flatness according to building standards (class B as set out in BYGGAMA). 1% If single phase cables are routed through holes with reinforcement steel between them. Bear in mind it is not permitted to route single phase cables in individual holes with reinforcement steel between the holes. Bear in mind that a sealing system also protects against water. 970042 )LJXUH  &DEOH KROHV ZLWK VORWV LQ WKH FRQFUHWH IORRU 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-31 . gas.167$//$7. The room shall be ventilated in accordance with building standards. which can have a negative effect on the strength of the floor. which makes it necessary to plan and prepare the cable lead-throughs before the switchgear is installed. a slot should be made between the holes so that a gap is obtained to separate the reinforcement steel. Many sealing systems can also be ordered with EMC protection (Electromagnetic compatibility) and protection against electromagnetic pulses and interference (EMP/EMI). pressure and small animals. Plan the type of fire seals to be used on cable lead-throughs in the floor. The holes should be sealed if necessary once the cables have been installed to protect against fire and small animals. smoke. Due to the switchgear’s unique characteristics the room does not need to be equipped with special devices for pressure relief or for the evacuation of flue gases.21  'HPDQGV RQ WKH VZLWFKJHDU URRP The room where the switchgear will be setup should comply with building standard demands made on electrical rooms as soon as the installation is start.

.167$//$7. a switchgear floor. the lower frame’s support feet must be placed so that they rest on the sections in the floor’s framework. It can be appropriate to use a sealing system with build-in frames that are bolted in position for lead-throughs in the intermediate floor Lower frame Sections for the intermedi 300 600 1200 300 200002 )LJXUH  3ODFHPHQW RI WKH ORZHU IUDPH RQ WKH VZLWFKJHDU IORRU 3-32 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .21 AX1 Manual 6ZLWFKJHDU IORRU RQ IUDPHZRUN If the room has an intermediate floor. Place the lower frame directly on the floor and then have a “bottom“ where the cable leadthroughs must made.

167$//$7.AX1 Manual . 20 . Other measurements may apply for other types of cable connectors. )LJXUH  +ROHV LQ WKH IORRU IRU FDEOHV 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-33 .21 This row of holes is normally used for single and three phase cables (1050) W A A Front 185 AX1 cubicle 185 (650) 140 35 690 approx.40 mm View from above $ 120 mm 170 mm 218 mm 480 mm : &RQQHFWLRQ Snap-in type Outer cone type SOC 630 Measurements only apply for cable connectors type SOC 630.

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The switchgear can be positioned with its rear against a wall or free-standing on the floor. With a free-standing arrangement switchgear can be separated and positioned back-to-back. • • • The service area in front of the switchgear should comply with applicable standards and provisions. There must be a ceiling clearance of at least 0.4 metres to permit installation and future maintenance. There should be a clearance of at least 0.5 metres at one end of the switchgear. If possible this amount of clearance should be left at both ends of the switchgear.

When assembling applicable installation drawings should be followed.

Minimum 0.4 metres Minimum 0.5 metres

Min distance to the wall and the opposite cubicle line according to applicable standards

970041

The length of the switchgear = nx975 mm + nx650 mm + 2x140 mm (end plates)

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Each lower frame is supplied in kit form as a flat-pack. The lower frame (packaging) is available in a number of variants: • • • lower frame for outside left cubicle lower frame for outside right cubicle lower frame for cubicles in the cubicle line

The lower frame is available in two standard heights, 600 mm and 800 mm, and in two standard widths, 650 mm and 975 mm. Assemble the lower frame as set out in the supplied instructions. Essential tools are TORX screwdrivers.

Left Cubicle line Right

970029

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1VET 954300-905 e rev D

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1. 2. Measure and mark out the low frame’s (switchgear’s) position on the floor using chalk. Make any holes required for cable lead-throughs and fit any embedment frames or metal sleeves following the instructions provided by the manufacturer of the sealing system. Fit the anchoring brackets on the lower frame. Do not tighten the bolts.

3.

1% The number of anchoring points is dependent on the floor. Four-six (4-6) anchor points is usually sufficient even for a line with up to five (5) cubicles. 4. Adjust the frame's support feet so that the lower frame stands horizontal. Adjustment range 0-15 mm.
Hole for anchor bolts

970010

Adjustable support feet

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5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Check using a spirit level that the frame is flat. Mark out where the expansion bolts for anchoring the lower frame need to be placed. Fit the anchor bolts (expansion bolts) in the concrete floor. Bolt the lower frame to the concrete floor. Do not tighten the nuts. Tighten the locking nuts on the feet.

10. Tighten the nuts on the anchor bolts.

3-36

1VET 954300-905 e rev D

167$//$7.AX1 Manual .21 Anchor bolt Support sleeve Concrete floor 200003 )LJXUH  $QFKRULQJ WKH ORZHU IUDPH WR WKH FRQFUHWH IORRU 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-37 .

2. 3. 6. even for the largest lower frame. 9.21 AX1 Manual $VVHPEOLQJ RQ WKH VZLWFKJHDU IORRU 1. Tighten the locking nuts on the feet. Do not tighten the bolts. Make any holes required for cable lead-throughs and fit any embedment frames or metal sleeves following the instructions provided by the manufacturer of the sealing system. 7. Holes for anchor bolts Adjustable support feet 970010 )LJXUH  $QFKRULQJ EUDFNHW ZLWK DGMXVWDEOH VXSSRUW IHHW 5.167$//$7. Mark out the position for the anchoring bracket holes in the floor and drill the holes for the bolts. 3-38 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . Check that the anchoring hooks are turned so that they lock against a floor profile. Check using a spirit level that the frame is flat. Adjust the frame's support feet so that the lower frame stands horizontal. 1% The number of anchoring points is dependent on the floor. Fit the anchoring brackets on the lower frame. Measure and mark out the low frame’s (switchgear’s) position in the room using chalk on the floor sections. Tighten the nuts on the anchor bolts. 8. Usually 4-6 anchoring points are sufficient. 4.. Bolt the lower frame to the floor sections.

21 1% The rear adjustable feet should be placed on the outer edge when anchoring the support cubicle. Anchor bolt Support sleeve Floor tile Anchoring hook Floor profile Carrier profile 200005 )LJXUH  5HDU DQFKRU SRLQW IRU DQFKRULQJ WKH ORZHU IUDPH RQ WKH VZLWFKJHDU IORRU Anchor bolt Anchor bolt Support sleeve Floor tile Floor profile Anchoring hook Carrier profile 200004 )LJXUH  )URQW DQFKRU SRLQW IRU DQFKRULQJ WKH ORZHU IUDPH RQ WKH VZLWFKJHDU IORRU 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-39 . Otherwise the battery carriage cannot be driven fully into the cabinet.167$//$7.AX1 Manual .

Assemble and install conventional cable current transformers of a ring core type (if these are to be included). The dummy assembly has cable glands in exactly the same positions as on a switchgear cubicle and ensures that the cable installation will fit when the switchgear cubicle is lifted in position. but most important of all. 3. The following should be carried out before the switchgear cubicle is lifted on the lower frame: 1. Seal the cable holes according to the approved fire seal class.21 AX1 Manual  . it is recommended to always install and assemble all equipment in the lower frame before the switchgear cubicle is put in place..QVWDOODWLRQ DQG DVVHPEO\ RI HTXLSPHQW LQ WKH ORZHU IUDPH For comfortable and efficient installation work. 4. Install the power cables including anchoring. 1% A dummy assembly should be used to install the power cables. Insulate and fit the cable screens with cable lugs for connection to the earth rail. This means savings in time as well as a comfortable working position. the quality of the work will be better. 2. A 120 A = 600 or 800 mm 218 185 185 275 65 130 275 200031 )LJXUH  6QDSLQ FDEOH FRQQHFWRUV 3-40 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .167$//$7.

21 A 170 170 A = 495 or 695 mm 480 185 185 200032 )LJXUH  2XWHU FRQH FDEOH FRQQHFWRUV 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-41 .167$//$7.AX1 Manual .

1* An earth screen core kit should be used on three phase cables. Terminate the cable according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The cable termination shall be single phase encapsulated.1* On three phase cables the cable’s earthed screen should be moved up using a core screen kit. end terminations should also be fitted in the spare connection tubes that are not used. that do not have a cable connected.167$//$7. :$51. End terminations are of the same type used to terminate busbars. The cable screen can be jointed if necessary with a conductor that has at least the same cross-section as the screen. Insert the cable through any cable transformers. The screening kit consists of a copper sock per phase. :$51. 3..QVWDOODWLRQ RI SRZHU FDEOHV Power cables should be fitted with enclosed and prefabricated terminators. These are assembled around the cable connection device. The current transformers for charge metering are of a ring core type.21 AX1 Manual  . Route the cable in the lower frame.e. type SOC 630 or SWA or the like. i. Check that the cable screen is long enough to be routed to the cubicle’s earth rail. &DEOH FRQQHFWLRQV IURP EHORZ 1.e. On designs with snap-in cables. In addition to the integrated sensors. standard outer or inner cone connectors (snap-in connection). The copper socks are joined to the cable’s 3-42 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . which means that an insulation fault only results in an earth fault. 2. 4. fitted with a cable lug and connected to the cubicle’s earth rail.1* If there is a reserve cubicle that will not be connected. :$51. The current and voltage sensors are integrated in the cable connection device. The cable connections shall have a conductive outer layer material. The cable screen must be insulated with a plastic sheath. i. which prevents flashover between the phases. which is earthed. the cubicle’s main connection should be fitted with a blanking termination in order to provide protection. These are fitted to the cable’s outer conductive layer. a conventional cable current transformer can be installed in the lower frame. There is a voltage sensor for measuring and protection and a separate sensor for indicating.

AX1 Manual

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copper screen and sealed using insulation tape. Core screen kits from Kabeldon type PSST or the like are recommended.

5. 6.

Ensure that the distance between the cables in the same phase is at least 30 mm. Secure the cables in the cable bracket.

Cable bracket Cable clamp
970013

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7. 8.

Secure the cable transformers. The cable’s earth conductor must be returned insulated through the transformer and connected to the cubicle’s earth rail. If the earth conductor is not returned through the transformer, this will result in the protection not working as intended.

1VET 954300-905 e rev D

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Earth conductor

Cable clamp

970027

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3-44

1VET 954300-905 e rev D

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Check the identity of the cubicle carefully before assembly. Start the assembly process with one of the outer cubicles to the left or right of the switchgear line. It does not matter from which end you start. 1% Switchgear cubicles that are mechanically identical can differ with regard to the bay computer’s software. The AX1 service trolley is used when assembling the switchgear cubicle on the lower frame. (Can be hired from ABB Distribution AB).

:$51,1* Risk for pinch or back injury. Exercise care when lifting and handling the switchgear cubicle. Think about lifting in a manner that is easy on your back and always wear protective gloves. Mind your feet when lifting with the service trolley.

1.

Remove the packaging around the cubicle (straps and plastic cover).

1% The sensor cables must be removed from the sensors in the cable connectors before the cubicle is lifted on the lower frame. Reconnect the cables as soon as the cubicle is in position. Check that the right sensor cable has been connected to the right sensor and on the right connection. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Place the switchgear cubicle on the service trolley. Drive the service trolley to the lower frame, directly in the centre where the switchgear cubicle is to be fitted. Check that the beam, with the earth rail on the front edge of the lower frame, is removed. Lift so that the lower edge of the switchgear cubicle is a few centimetres above the frame top beam. Drive the service trolley so that it is only a few centimetres from the front edge of the lower frame.

1% If the switchgear cubicle stands with one end against the wall the end plate must be fitted before the cubicle is lifted into position. 7. 8. Slide the switchgear cubicle into position on the lower frame. The cubicle weighs 400-550 kilograms and can slid into position by two persons. Bolt the cubicle to the lower frame using the four bolts supplied.

Join the busbar with tubular busbar joint. When assembling one switchgear cubicle the busbar is joined between this and the cubicle assembled immediately before. Joining is described in the following section.

1VET 954300-905 e rev D

3-45

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However. The short coil spring contacts are used for joining between switchgear cubicles. The direction of the spring does not affect the transmission resistance in the coupling. If a spring is removed or needs to be replaced it can be fitted in any direction.21  -RLQLQJ WKH EXVEDU The busbars are joined by inserting the coil spring contacts into the tubular busbar.167$//$7. Sealing sleeve Spring coupling (two or four springs O-ring 970025 )LJXUH  &RLO VSULQJ FRQWDFW IRU MRLQLQJ EXVEDUV 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-47 . A tubular busbar joint consists of the following parts: • • • • Aluminium joining piece with silver plated contact surfaces. we recommend that springs in the adjacent grooves have opposite spring directions. The coil spring contacts are available in two lengths. Two or four springs O-rings Sealing sleeves 1% The springs are supplied mounted on the coupling.AX1 Manual .

970034 )LJXUH  . for two cubicles to be joined with the busbar (layout from the right outside cubicle towards the left in the switchgear line).QVHUWLQJ WKH FRLO VSULQJ FRQWDFW 3-48 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .167$//$7.. O-ring Spring Sealing sleeve Groove for sealing sleeve 200006 Jointing piece Busbar )LJXUH  &RLO VSULQJ FRQWDFW LQ FURVVVHFWLRQ In the following assembly sequence the designation cubicle 1 is used for the righthand cubicle and cubicle 2 for the left-hand cubicle.21 AX1 Manual 1% Check the coil spring contacts before assembly so that they are not damaged and that all components are assembled correctly.

AX1 Manual . Clean the coil spring contact where the springs will rest using a wiper type Scotch sprite. 6. Slide the bar half-way out through the spring contact.) 980002 )LJXUH  6HFXULQJ WZR FXELFOHV WR HDFK RWKHU 5. 4. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-49 . 2.21 Assemble the coil spring contacts for all three phases in the following manner (the description refers to one phase but all three phases should be assembled at the same time): 1. Apply a thin layer of Fomblin grease type OT-20 on the coil spring contact’s springs and contact surfaces. 3. Bolt together cubicle 1 and cubicle 2 using the four bolts. (Note the spacers are manufactured of the same type of aluminium section as the cubicle corners. Rock in the cubicles against each other and against the lower frame.167$//$7. 7. Fit the sealing sleeve on the spring contact. Bolt cubicle 2 to the lower frame. 1% Aluminium spacers should be placed between the cubicles. Remove both sealing sleeves from the coil spring contacts.

21 AX1 Manual Joining tool 980001 )LJXUH  -RLQLQJ XVLQJ WKH MRLQLQJ WRRO 200036 The rear section of the tool is hooked in the other cubicle’s busbar 200037 )LJXUH  -RLQWLQJ XVLQJ WKH VFUHZ W\SH MRLQWLQJ WRRO XVHG ZLWK IRXU VSULQJVMRLQW.167$//$7..

8. 3-50 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . Slide the coil spring contact to the correct length by using the joining tool.

11. End terminator 200011 )LJXUH  (QG WHUPLQDWRUV RQ WKH EXVEDU VHFWLRQ 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-51 . i. It is also very important that the sealing sleeves sit in their grooves. The terminators are conical and should be pushed in the tubular busbars by hand and then locked using the appropriate locking bolts.1* The coil spring contacts must be assembled with the great care and highest possible standard of workmanship.AX1 Manual . Fit the terminators on the busbar assembly. 1% End terminators must always be fitted in the ends of the busbar section. 10. Continue in the same way (steps 1-9) with the other cubicles and busbar joints in the switchgear line.167$//$7. Slide the left and right sealing sleeves in position. :$51. so that they sit in their grooves on the coil spring contact.21 9. It is especially important to apply Fomblin grease to the springs and contact surfaces and that the joint is turned a few times clockwise and anti-clockwise to minimise transmission resistance.e.

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1* The battery carriage. Fit the floor plate in the lower frame. Connect the ribbon cable for the display unit in the connection box to the connector on the battery carriage. A floor plate must be fitted for the battery carriage to assist movement of the carriage. Fit the rear and side plates on the lower frame. 6. may only be used if the maintenance charge is connected. 2. The batteries can be destroyed if loaded without maintenance charging. 1. Slide in the battery carriage in the support cubicle. The floor plate is supplied with the battery carriage. Connect 110 V DC cables to the fuse protected terminals. 110 V DC. 3. 5. )LJXUH  %DWWHU\ FDUULDJH LQ WKH VXSSRUW FXELFOH :$51. Connect the alternating current for maintenance charging to the appropriate terminals. 3-52 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . 4. The support cubicle is fitted to the lower frame in the same way as other switchgear cubicles.

The switchgear’s earth rail should be joined with the installation’s earth line network (earthing point) via a secure earth connection.167$//$7.1* It is extremely important that the earthing of the switchgear and cables is carried out in the correct manner.21  (DUWKLQJ When all the switchgear cubicles have been assembled. :$51. The vertical cubicle earth rail should be placed between the horizontal earth rails. Alternatively an earth connection can be placed at each end of the switchgear line.AX1 Manual . Cubicle earth rails Earthing rails Screens and earth conductor 970050 Earth lug (installation’s earth line network )LJXUH  3ULQFLSOH YLHZ RI WKH HDUWKLQJ V\VWHP 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-53 . The earth conductors and screens should be connected to the earth rails. The connection to the installation’s earth line network should be made from the earth rail in a cubicle located as close to the centre of the switchgear line as possible. the cubicle’s earth rails need to be connected to each other. All earth conductors and screens connected to the earth rail shall be fitted with cable lugs for 12 mm connection bolts. Incorrect or missed earth connections mean mortal danger to those personnel working on the switchgear. Incorrect earthing also means that equipment can be damaged through a protective relay not functioning as intended.

The connection rail for the secondary earth can be found in the cable compartment on top of switchgear cubicle.21 AX1 Manual Through earth rail 970009 )LJXUH  (DUWKLQJ UDLO RQ WKH ORZHU IUDPH The switchgear cubicle should also be connected with a secondary earth circuit.167$//$7. SECTIONS for Opto-cables 200020 Connection of the secondary earth )LJXUH  6HFRQGDU\ HDUWK FRQQHFWLRQV RQ WRS RI WKH VZLWFKJHDU FXELFOH 3-54 1VET 954300-905 e rev D ..

21  . Power supply cables for 110 V direct current/ alarm cables / voltage metering cables.167$//$7.AX1 Manual .QVWDOODWLRQ RI FRQWURO FDEOHV The following cables should be routed from the support cubicle to respective switchgear cubicles and between switchgear cubicles (the cable harnesses are prefabricated at the factory): • • • Opto-cables for the process bus (connection to the bay computer). SECTIONS for Opto-cables Signal cables Cables for power supply and metering 200021 )LJXUH  &DEOH FRPSDUWPHQW RQ WRS RI WKH VZLWFKJHDU FXELFOH XM53-XM56 Signals to/from the bay computer (REF) XM55 XM56 XF57 XM54 External trip signal XM53 XM50 XM51 XM52 SECTIONS for Opto-cables 200020 Power supply Alarms Voltage metering )LJXUH  &RQQHFWRU WRS RI VZLWFKJHDU FXELFOH 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-55 . Each way in the cable channel is reserved for a specific type of cable. Signal cables. The cables are routed in the three way cable channel on top of the cubicle.

The cables are supplied in standard lengths adapted to the position of each cubicle calculated from the support cubicle..2 XF50 H.5 mm2.167$//$7. The power supply cable (cable tail) is equipped with a connector and marker.1XF50 H. etc.XF50 for the next cubicle. XM55 XM56 XF57 XM54 XM53 XM50 XM51 XM52 SECTIONS for Opto-cables 200020 Power supply 970052 MM+ MMMR+ MRH. Cable cross section is 2.XF50 is intended for the cubicle closest to the support cubicle. The connectors are marked H1.3 XF50 H. Each output from the support cubicle feeds an arbitrary number of switchgear cubicles each with two 110 V voltage lines. H2.4 XF50 H.21 AX1 Manual  &DEOHV IRU  9 '& SRZHU VXSSO\ Connect the cable for the 110 V power supply from the support cubicle to each cubicle’s power supply connectors.XF50 etcetera.XF50. The switchgear cubicle’s 110 V connection is made via the connector marked XM50.6XF50 )LJXUH  ([DPSOH RI WKH  9 '& SRZHU VXSSO\ 3-56 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . H1. H2.5 XF50 H.

21  2SWRFDEOHV Connect the opto-cables between the star coupler RER 111 by the support cubicle and each switchgear cubicle’s bus connection module RER 103 on top of the cubicles. Bear in mind the following when installing the opto-cables: • • • The minimum bending radius is 35 mm. Tx Rx Tx Rx Rx Tx Rx Tx Rx Tx 980003 )LJXUH  &RQQHFWLRQ RI WKH RSWRFDEOHV 1% Handle the opto-cables carefully.167$//$7. Optical fibres are especially sensitive to mechanical damage such as bending and pressure. Opto-cables should be routed in conduit. Do not tighten cable ties too tight so they cut into the opto-cable’s insulation. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-57 .AX1 Manual .

.167$//$7.21 AX1 Manual  6LJQDO FDEOHV Connect the signal cables from the support cubicle to each cubicle’s signal connector on the top of the cubicle. The cables are supplied in standard lengths adapted to the position of each cubicle calculated from the support cubicle. XM53-XM56 Signals to/from the bay computer (REF) Signal for external trip XM55 XM56 XF57 XM54 XM53 SECTIONS for Opto-cables XM50 XM51 XM52 200020 Alarms Voltage metering A A-A A 970051 )LJXUH  &RQQHFWLQJ WKH VLJQDO FDEOHV 3-58 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .

 9ROWDJH LQGLFDWLRQ SDVVLYH The voltage status is checked by a fixed voltage sensor.167$//$7.AX1 Manual .QVWDOODWLRQ RI VHSDUDWH DX[LOLDU\ HTXLSPHQW Any separate auxiliary equipment supplied with the main delivery is installed and operations tested and ready-to-run on delivery from the factory. Single phase coaxial cable Front panel Display unit (option) The display unit indicates if the voltage within a specific voltage range exists on all phases.21  . The voltage indication system requires no auxiliary voltage supply. The voltage indication consists of the following: • • • • Capacitive voltage sensor in the cable glands or post insulators. When supplementing on operational switchgear the voltage supply to the switchgear must be deenergised. Bay computer Voltage indicator IEC 61243-5 LMT HR VIS Front view 200027 L1 L2 L3 )LJXUH  )URQW SDQHO IRU YROWDJH LQGLFDWLRQ 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-59 .

.167$//$7. The emergency stop shall be connected in series. Connection of the emergency stop is evident from the switchgear drawings. 200035 )LJXUH  (PHUJHQF\ VWRS ER[ 3-60 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .21 AX1 Manual  (PHUJHQF\ VWRS The switchgear cubicle has no buttons on the front for the emergency stop. We recommend that red push buttons for each emergency stop are placed in the switchgear room next to each door representing an appropriate evacuation passage. The emergency stop is connected according to the closed current method. All circuit-breakers will be switched off by pressing the emergency stop button. which means the cubicle cannot be made operational if these signals are undetected.

3. Assemble the end-plates on the outer ends of the switchgear as follows: 1% Check that the busbar terminators are fitted before the end-plates are assembled. Tighten the four dome nuts. Spacer End-plate Dome nut Washer 970033 )LJXUH  $VVHPEO\ WKH FXELFOH HQGSODWH 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-61 . 1% Check that no tools or other foreign objects are left in the main enclosure before fitting the end plates.AX1 Manual . Lift on and align the end-plates. 1. 1% End-plates must even be fitted to an individual switchgear cubicle set-up with one end against the wall.21  $VVHPEOLQJ WKH VZLWFKJHDU¶V HQG SODWHV When the switchgear line is set up and the cable installation completed the switchgear end-plates should be assembled. Fit the washers and dome nuts on the spacer bolts. Screw the four spacers on to the cubicle. The end-plates must then be fitted before the cubicle is positioned on the lower frame. 4. 2.167$//$7.

End-plates on the lower frame Front 970049 )LJXUH  (QGSODWHV DQG IURQW RQ WKH ORZHU IUDPH 3-62 1VET 954300-905 e rev D .. If necessary. The end-plates and front have no direction function except providing a degree of dust protection and to form an obstruction against noxious animals.167$//$7. the lower frame can also be fitted with intermediate plates and rear plates.21 AX1 Manual  $VVHPEOLQJ WKH ORZHU IUDPH¶V HQGSODWHV LQWHUPHGLDWH SODWHV DQG IURQW The lower frame can be fitted with end-plates and intermediate plates and a front.

cable residue. 2. 11.e. Check that all assembly work complies with applicable drawings and connection diagrams. 12. 200038 )LJXUH  &DEOH VWUDLQ UHOLHI ZLWK SDUDOOHO SRZHU FDEOHV 4. Check the cubicle and unit marking and supplement with signs if necessary.AX1 Manual .167$//$7. secured in the cable brackets. Check. 9. 3. 6. Check insulation to earth using an insulation tester (megger). Check that the end-plates on the lower frame’s outer ends are fitted. Shut the operating enclosure’s doors and covers. 5. 7. Check that the top plates are fitted on all cubicles. 8. Check that the fronts are fitted on the lower frames. Check that the power cables are anchored. Vacuum clean and dust if necessary. with parallel power cables with outer cone connectors. 10. operating areas and in the switchgear room. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 3-63 . When the installation is complete the following supplementary work and inspection should be carried out: 1. Check that the end-plates on the switchgear’s outer ends are fitted and that the dome nuts are tightened. The check list can also be used as verification for the completed installation work. that cable number two is strain relieved by the cable strain relief. i. Check that tools.21  6XSSOHPHQWDU\ ZRUN DQG LQVWDOODWLRQ LQVSHFWLRQ Use a check list during the installation inspection. insulation material or other foreign objects are not left in the switchgear.

21 AX1 Manual 3-64 1VET 954300-905 e rev D ..167$//$7.

Follow all the safety regulations and directives from the supervisor and electrical safety manager.  . 3. 5.1*  &200. On AX1 one size of sensor covers the entire measurement range. Commissioning can be carried out quickly and efficiently as most operations are factory tested. Check that the lower frame’s front has been fitted. Check that the switchgear is earth correctly.21. Check that the cubicles’ earth rails are assembled and joined to each other. Check that the switchgear’s end-plates have been fitted. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-65 . 9. Conventional instrument transformers have been replaced by sensors. Tools and instruments required for commissioning: • • • • • Hand tools Universal instrument Test cables Insulation tester (megger) 1 kV Crank for manual loading of the circuit-breaker springs :$51. Check that the power cables are anchored correctly.1*  *HQHUDO Once the installation has been completed the switchgear can be commissioned. Check that the switchgear’s top plates have been fitted.21. 4. measurement and protection equipment based on digital technology also means that new techniques have been used for current and voltage supplies.QVWDOODWLRQ LQVSHFWLRQ 1. 2.66. 7. Check that cable number two on outer cone connectors is secured using a strain relief. 6.AX1 Manual &200. Check that the installation has been carried out correctly and that the assembly site has been cleaned after installation. Measure the earth point resistance.66. Control. 8.1* Exercise great care when commissioning the switchgear. No reconnection is required for different measurement ranges.

QVSHFWLRQ RI FRQWURO FDEOH FRQQHFWLRQV 1.&200.21. Check that the cable screens and earth conductors are connected to earth. Check using the connection documentation that all cables are connected and tightened as well as that the connectors are inserted correctly and locked. Check that all cables and connectors are correctly marked. 4. 4-66 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . 2. Check that all cables are routed correctly and secured with cable ties.1* AX1 Manual  .66. 3.

Contact can result in serious injury. 0HDVXUH WKH RXWSXW YROWDJH IURP WKH EDWWHULHVUHFWLILHU RQ WKH WHUPLQDO DV VHW RXW LQ WKH FRQQHFWLRQ GRFXPHQWDWLRQ IRU WKH VXSSRUW FXELFOH. :$51.1* Risk of explosion! Each battery cell is fitted with a valve which can release hydrogen during all operating conditions. The output voltage shall be 110 V DC ±10%. Check the connection of the charger and battery fuse with the connection documentation.10) for respective cubicles are off. Set the required alarm groups and levels according to the supplier's directions. Start the battery charger according to the supplier’s instructions. MCB (B1. Check and commission the power supply as follows: 1. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-67 .66. Check the value on the rectifier’s display unit. 4. :$51.1* All free metal components on the battery are energised. Make sure all miniature circuit-breakers. 5. 7.AX1 Manual &200. 2. Pole terminations do not need to be greased as these are silver-plated. Check that the mains voltage is connected for maintenance charging the batteries. Check that the battery connections are tightened.QVSHFWLRQ RI WKH VXSSRUW FXELFOH  %DWWHULHV DQG SRZHU GLVWULEXWLRQ The batteries are valve controlled lead batteries that are fully enclosed and do not require to be filled with water.21.1*  . 3. 6.9 and B1. Exercise care and only touch plastic areas of the battery.

66.&200. See the circuit diagram and the connection documentation.1* AX1 Manual )LJXUH  6XSSRUW FXELFOH ZLWK EDWWHU\ FDUULDJH  6WDU FRXSOHU IRU RSWLFDO ILEUHV Check that all bay computers and the supervision unit for the battery system are connected correctly via the opto-cables to the star coupler in the support cubicle.21.  &URVV FRQQHFWLRQV FRQQHFWLRQ LQWHUIDFH.

• • Check all connection points according to circuit diagram and the connection documentation. Check that terminal blocks with a disconnecting function are in the connected position. The support cubicle is the interface between the switchgear and external objects and contains connectors and terminal blocks for signals to and from these objects. 4-68 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .

Identify the cable’s phase at the “other end”. Insulation test using a 1 kV megger.AX1 Manual &200. Check that the core screen kits are fitted if 3 phase power cables are used. Measure the current distribution on the parallel power cable connection. 8.21. Check that cable screens and earth conductors are connected to earth. 6.1* 200022 )LJXUH  6XSSRUW FXELFOH V FURVVFRQQHFWLRQ VHFWLRQ  . Check that all cables routed through the floor and walls are sealed according to an approved fire class method.66. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-69 . Identify the phases in all cubicles. 2. 3. 5. 7. 4.QVSHFWLRQ RI WKH VZLWFKJHDU FXELFOH 1. Check that all cables are anchored in the cable bracket.

6. which protects the motor. :$51.&200. The functionality test consists of three parts: operations test. When the bay computers are voltage fed the springs are automatically loaded when the miniature circuit-breaker (MCB B1.1* Risk for pinch injury.10. b. 1. After the display test the display returns to the normal mode (a standard Mimic display) and the background lighting is dimmed automatically after the specified time. c. The bay computer displays run through a short test when voltage fed: a.66. d. The three LEDs for protection indication and the LEDs for Local/Remote button come on briefly. The circuit-breaker’s closing springs are off-loaded on delivery. 1% The bay computer opens the circuit-breaker in the cubicle during start up. 4. Make sure the operating voltage is connected in the support cubicle and in respective switchgear cubicles and switch on the miniature circuit-breakers (MCB) B1.21. The operating test is described in the document RE_54_ Operator's Manual 1 MRS750500-MUM EN. any abnormalities are suspected a functionality test should be implemented. 3. If.9 and B1.10 in respective switchgear cubicles. Mimic-test and I/O-test.9 and B1. 5. Check the power supply’s connection points if the test is not carried out. Connect the voltage supply to the protection and control equipment using miniature circuit-breakers MCB B1. The nine LEDs come on simultaneously with different colours (red-greenyellow-off). is closed. 2. The bay computers have undergone extensive testing before delivery. The display is tested at the same time by the display window briefly being inverted. Check that no alarms except “Cable not earthed” are indicated. 4-70 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . despite this.10).1* AX1 Manual  9ROWDJH IHHGLQJ SURWHFWLRQ DQG FRQWURO HTXLSPHQW When the inspection of the installation has been completed the protection and control equipment should be voltage fed.

for example.  6HWWLQJ D SDVVZRUG Three passwords with different authorisation levels can be set to prevent unauthorised persons from operating objects or modifying set parameters.1*  &KHFNLQJ SDUDPHWHUV Parameters such as alarm levels. 1% By resetting the parameters in REF the operation of the emergency stop can. disconnector. Parameter values should be set for the protection and measuring operations in the bay computer for the switchgear cubicle in question before voltage feeding the main circuits. arc eliminator). times. are set for controllable objects in the switchgear cubicle (circuit-breaker. be changed.AX1 Manual &200. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-71 . etc. See the description for the bay computer or the section for operation and maintenance of AX1. It is appropriate to select passwords for the different levels in association with commissioning.66.21.

e. The charging time is around 15 minutes. i. Other alarm LEDs should be dark.closed L1 ETU fault L2 ETU fault L3 ETU fault Earth fault Ext. The system also includes the cables between the component system parts.21. When the auxiliary voltage is connected to the system the controller performs an internal check of the system and starts to charge the capacitors. three trigger units and a controller. turned off after the system check. ([W SZU and 3RV RSHQ come on when system is ready for use. open Ext. The coil’s switching current is controlled by a thyristor which is “triggered” from the arc supervision function in the arc eliminator's controller. The activation signal comes from the detectors located throughout the switchgear. pwr A-alarm B-alarm . TVOC 1 2 3 4 5 6 Trigged channel )LJXUH  )URQW RI WKH FRQWUROOHU 4-72 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D Pos. TVOC ECU fault Pos.  $FWLYDWLQJ WKH DUF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP The energy to each eliminator is stored in a capacitor.1* AX1 Manual  $UF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP At least one cubicle in a switchgear delivery contains one arc eliminator system. 200026 )LJXUH  $UF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP V FRQWUROOHU Arc Detectors Ext. The system consists of three arc eliminators.66.&200.

Comes on with a controller fault Comes on with an earth fault on the ETU.AX1 Manual &200.QGLFDWLRQV RQ WKH FRQWUROOHU Text Ext pwr A-alarm B-alarm Green Red Red Colour Note/significance Comes on if there is high voltage Comes on if triggering is not possible Comes on if triggering is possible. ECU or control cables.21.e. i. has closed Comes with a fault in the tripping circuit for the externally connected TVOC ECU Fault Earth fault Red Yellow L1 ETU Fault Yellow 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-73 .1* The controller gives the following indications: 7DEOH  .66. The eliminators can not be triggered. but all system parts are not OK. Comes on with a fault in the trigger unit/operating mechanism on phase L1. Flashes when the capacitor is charging L2 ETU Fault L3 ETU Fault Pos open Pos closed Ext TVOC Yellow Yellow Green Red Red As for phase L2 As for phase L3 The arc eliminator is open and ready for closing The arc eliminator is closed. A B-alarm is given during capacitor charging.

1* If a B-alarm is indicated on the controller the cause should be investigated and rectified immediately. 1 hour and when the system is reset 3RV RSHQ and ([W SZU are lit. Exercise immense care with all work on the controller and in its vicinity. Resetting takes approx. open Ext.closed L1 ETU fault L2 ETU fault L3 ETU fault Earth fault Ext.1* AX1 Manual  5HVHWWLQJ WKH DUF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP The arc eliminator system is rest after closing by using the resetting button on the controller.21. Other alarm LEDs should be dark.1* The switchgear ought to be taken out of service immediately if an A-alarm is indicated on the controller. If this is so. :$51.&200. The system then senses the functionality of the electronic circuits and whether the capacitors are charged. Arc Detectors Ext. i.1* Fatal voltage. earth faults are reset automatically. TVOC ECU fault Pos.0  ) are highly dangerous to touch.1* Fatal voltage. The capacitors in the arc eliminator system are highly dangerous to touch when charged.e. Exercise immense care with all work on the system. pwr A-alarm B-alarm 200034 )LJXUH  5HVHWWLQJ EXWWRQ RQ WKH FRQWUROOHU :$51. TVOC 1 2 3 4 5 6 Pos.66. :$51. Contact outlets on the controller (. :$51. turned off after resetting. 4-74 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .

If the voltage on EXT. The arc eliminator’s controller requires an input voltage of between 20 .AX1 Manual &200. Voltage above 80 V occurs if any Triac on the arc guard starts to conduct (arc has occurred).21.TVOC input is higher than 80 V the controller can still trigger.60 V on the input EXT.66.TVOC in order not to indicate faults in the external trigger equipment. The controller will give an alarm for a fault on the external trigger equipment with deviating voltage. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-75 .1*  &RQQHFWLRQ RI RQH RU PRUH H[WUD VHQVRUV The switch ([W 792& VXSHUYLVLRQ on the controller should be set in the 21 position if one or more extra sensors (TVOC-units) are connected to the arc eliminator system. In the 21 position even these extra sensors are supervised by the system.

66. The eliminators automatically return when the capacitors are charged. Measure using a multimeter across the eliminator (verify) to establish that it is in the closed position. On the controller ([W SZU. :$51.1* The arc eliminator system should be tested in its entirety before the installation is commissioned.21. ([W SZU (green LED) and 3RV RSHQ (green LED) come on. L1-L3 flash to indicate that the capacitors are charging. A display also shows which detector has seen the photo flash. 3. 4-76 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . 4. 2. Measure using a multimeter across the eliminator to establish that it is in the open position. Press the Reset button to reset the eliminators.&200. 5. The eliminator should now go to the closed position. 1% The arc eliminator does not normally need to be tested after the installation is operational. %DODUP. When resetting is ready the controller indicates with ([W SZU (green LED) and 3RV RSHQ (green LED). Verify that the eliminator returns to the open position by measuring with a multimeter across the eliminator. During this period the system is checked internally and the capacitors are charged. When the system is ready the two lights on the controller. // IDXOW and 3RV FORVHG should now be lit. Test the system as follows: 1. Simulate an arc by applying a photo flash in the high voltage enclosure.1* AX1 Manual  7HVWLQJ WKH DUF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP When connecting the mains voltage to the cubicle it takes approximately 20 minutes before the arc eliminator system is operational.

Energising the switchgear’s busbar by connecting the incoming line’s circuitbreaker.AX1 Manual &200.66. 2. Check with the electrical safety and operations managers. 1. :$51.21.1*  (QHUJLVLQJ WKH KLJK YROWDJH FLUFXLWV 127( All applicable safety regulations should be reviewed before energising the main circuits. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-77 .1* Fatal voltage. Read off the voltage values on the bay computer to check that the busbar has been energised. Exercise immense care when energising the high voltage circuits.

1* High noise level.  )URP WKH PDVWHU FRQWURO URRP RU RSHUDWLQJ FHQWUH • • • • Operations test the equipment. Check the alarms. Inspection of protection and measurement operations. A loaded closing spring in a circuit-breaker has a large amount of stored energy. Setting parameters for the configured protection and measurement operations. Check the statistic signals.21. :$51.66. Mind your fingers and hands when operating the circuitbreaker.1* Pinch risk. Wear ear protection during operations testing of a circuit-breaker. Check the measurement values. Check the parameter settings. Check the measurement values. 4-78 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .&200.1* AX1 Manual  )XQFWLRQDOLW\ WHVW The functionality of all switchgear operations should be tested before commercial operation.  /RFDOO\ LQ WKH VZLWFKJHDU • • • • • • Operations test the equipment. :$51. Check the alarms. :$51.1* Always inform persons in the switchgear room or in its immediate vicinity before operations testing is carried out. The tripping of the closing springs produces a loud noise that can impair hearing.

1*  $FFHSWDQFH LQVSHFWLRQ EHIRUH FRPPHUFLDO RSHUDWLRQ Once commissioning has been completed an acceptance inspection should be carried out before the commercial operation of the switchgear. The acceptance inspection should be carried out according to the customer’s specifications and the demands set out in the contract.AX1 Manual &200.66. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 4-79 .21.

1* AX1 Manual 4-80 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .&200.66.21.

Lower the cover and press it in to engage the lock. Local operations from the switchgear only require the switchgear’s upper cover to be opened so that the bay computer is accessible.1 General The medium voltage switchgear AX1 is designed for use under operating conditions described in the IEC standards set out in chapter 1.1 Cover over the bay computer enclosure To open the cover • • • • Press in the cover catch button in the centre of the switchgear. The cover stays in the raised position. Raise the cover. Opening the bay computer enclosure cover. 200052 Figure 5-1. The switchgear requires a minimum of maintenance due to the well-thought out design and choice of materials. 200051 • Figure 5-2. Shutting the bay computer enclosure cover 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-81 . OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. Shutting the cover • Pull the opened cover out a few millimetres releasing the catch holding the cover. Push in the cover.1. 5.

2 Operating mechanism’s sliding cover Open the operating mechanism’s sliding cover by pushing in the catch buttons at the same time as the cover is slid downwards while the catch is held in.1. With a 800 mm lower frame.B. N. The sliding cover is removed by unscrewing the catch unit that locks the door in the runners on the right-hand side of the door. With 600 mm high lower frames the sliding cover must be removed to open the entire operating enclosure.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. 200014 Figure 5-3. The cover can be removed if it is pulled down completely. If you do not need to open the operating enclosure completely slide the cover down as far as possible. Opening the operating mechanism enclosure door. 5-82 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .

For more detailed information please refer to the above mentioned documents. Local operations are only possible if local mode is selected. Bay computer REF 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-83 . The choice of Local/Remote operations is password protected on delivery. The bay computer’s front panel is identical in all switchgear cubicles. Remote mode is indicated with master control from a stationary computer. LEDs. measurement and monitoring. 1 MRS 7500527-MUM EN This section deals with the functions necessary to know for normal operations and maintenance of the switchgear.3. see section 5. The bay computer is described in full in the following documents: • • RE_54_ Operator's Manual.2 Front of the bay computer (buttons. The front panel of the bay computer is used for local control and monitoring of the switchgear.Main window . control. Disconnection Breaker Display with: . etc.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5.Secondary window Free function button LEDs for safety functions Connector for connection of PC via opto-coupler Arrow keys Remote Use arrow keys L Local/Remote button L F R R “Clear“ button C E “Enter“ button 200007 Figure 5-4. display) The bay computer REF is intended for protection. 1 MRS 750500-MUM EN RE_54_ Technical Reference Manual. alarms and instructions to the operator.1. The messages are given as status. The front accommodates in addition to the function keys a display that displays text messages and schematics. ABB Network Partner FEEDER TERMINAL REF 541 On/Operations button Arc killer Off/Earth button Object selection button Alarm LEDs.

Three LEDs to indicate the following: – – – Green (correctly connected auxiliary current.2. Red (protection function tripped). Free programmable button (F).1 Background lighting and contrast Background lighting The background lighting is normally dimmed. I (On/Operations). See configuration drawing for the specific function.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual The front panel has the following buttons and display: • A display divided into a main window and a secondary window. One LED to indicate interlocking. • • • One section with four arrows and two buttons for (C) “clear/cancel“ and (E) “enter“. – The main window displays detailed information such as schematics. 5. curved arrow (Object selection). Three buttons for object control. flashing indicates internal relay fault) Yellow (protection function start). Not normally used. object. – • • • • • A Local/Remote button. The display comes on when any button on the panel is pressed. 5-84 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . The secondary window shows indications/alarm and help text for protection functions and text providing the operator with information about operating possibilities. operations. Contrast Press the E button and any of the arrow keys • • Arrow up to increase the contrast. Connector for connection of an optical PC-connection. Eight LEDs for alarms. O (Off/Earth). measurement values. Arrow down to reduce the contrast. incident. alarm and protection parameters.

Arrow keys for moving the cursor Up/Down arrows Move the cursor up or down for selection of a row in a menu or to change the set values/parameters. Left/Right arrow Move between “rows“ (left/right) and to select from the hierarchical levels.2. Briefly pressing the up or down arrow keys (less than a second) is a step up or down in a menu or lowest possible increment up or down when setting parameters. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-85 .AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. ABB Network Partner FEEDER TERMINAL REF 541 Arc killer Disconnection Breaker Remote Use arrow keys L F R L R C E Arrow keys 200007 Figure 5-5.2 Arrow keys The arrow keys are used to control parameters and the display’s cursor between rows and characters in the menus and lists.

If C is held in for at least 5 seconds all indication messages are erased from the secondary window. 5-86 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .5. N.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. If E is held in for at least 5 seconds all indication messages are erased from the secondary window. N.3 C. On technical level: • See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.and E button Pushbutton C (Clear/cancel) and E (Enter) are used as follows: C C C On user level: • • • • Undo changed parameter setting (before E button is pressed). E E On user level: • Allows transfer to technical level. see section 5. On technical level: • See manual 1MRS750500-MUM. C alarms). Clear incident from list of incidents. B.2. Clear existing buzzer alarm (A.3. Clear alarm for alarms no longer active on the alarm list.B.B.

The LEDs indicate the selected operating mode. Remote and logic Local operations blocked. L on. ABB Network Partner FEEDER TERMINAL REF 541 Arc killer R L L Disconnection Breaker Remote Use arrow keys Local/Remote button R F L R C E 200007 Figure 5-6. Yellow LED. Remote (Remote) Local operations blocked.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5.4 Local/Remote button The Local/Remote button is used to select the operating mode. Local and logic Remote operations blocked. Yellow LED. LEDs R and unmarked on.1. see section 5. R on. LEDs L and unmarked on. Disconnected See manual 1MRS750500-MUM. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-87 . Pressing the button steps forwards to the next operating mode. Logic See manual 1MRS750500-MUM.2.3. The Local/Remote button is password protected on delivery. Local/Remote button for selecting the operating mode Local Remote operations via stationary computer are blocked.

Schematics (line drawings) Measurement display Incident display Alarm display Passwords The bay computer offers three password levels to prevent operation of an object either unintentionally or by unauthorised personnel. Password 2 (parameters) gives the possibility to set and change parameters. The following three passwords can be used: Password 1 (schematics) gives the possibility to select the operating mode using the logic button. During commissioning it is possible to select the safety level. User level Data is presented in four different displays on the user level: 1. 5. determine which passwords shall be active and which passwords should be chosen instead of the default values.2 Changing passwords Passwords can be changed as set out in the documentation for the bay computer REF. Default value is 3*****. i. See manual 1MRS750500-MUM. 3.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. Password 3 gives the possibility to select the technical level. 2. The technical level contains information for programming of protection functions. 5-88 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .3.3.e. Password 3 can be set in two positions: activated/deactivated. 4. Default value is 1*****. Default value is 2*****.1 Choice of operating mode (levels) When controlling and monitoring from the bay computer REF there are two levels: • • User level Technical level The user level is the level used for normal operations and maintenance. Password 2 is always selected. or the modification of set parameters. On delivery all password are set to the default values.3 Bay computer’s functions 5. Password 1 can be set in two positions: activated/deactivated.

The last captured and active message is shown in the help window according to the predetermined priority. The object is selected until the operate command is given or until time-out. 5.4 Indication of protection functions There are two kinds of indicating messages in the message window: • • Information on protection functions and conditions together with LED indication. 2. Help messages. • • • Press E for five seconds to access the technical level.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. 5.3.3 Object selection in the main window Press the object selector button to step through the available objects until the required object is highlighted (inverted text). The technical level is described in detail in the documentation for the bay computer REF. Acknowledgement Press button C for five seconds.3. 5-89 1VET 954300-905 e rev D . 3. Internal fault IRF. The help message (priority 4) assist the operator by displaying what should be done next. A text message without LED indication. Start. The time-out period can be set. 4. Return to the user level by pressing E for two seconds in the technical level’s main menu. Indications are shown in priority order in an incident list and remain until acknowledged. If several different indications are initiated simultaneously the message with the highest priority is shown first.5 Technical level The technical level is accessed from the schematics in the user level. blocking. State the password if necessary. Relay protection tripped. CBFP (Circuit Breaker Failure Protection). The message in the secondary window has a special priority. This message is related to remote monitoring (external). The following priorities apply: 1. monitoring. Selection using the object selector button is only possible when the operating method Local is selected using the Local/Remote button. Indication messages (priority 1-3) automatically give an overview of the protection and condition circuits and internal faults in the protection functions.3.

4. 5-90 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .1 Supervision of the switchgear and switching devices The following functions are supervised in an AX1-cubicle with switching devices and bay computer: Circuit-breaker Standard supervision • • • • • • • Closing coil (Trip Circuit Supervision) Spring loading time for the motor Gas density Closing time Opening time Status indication Loaded/offloaded springs Optional supervision • • • • • • Opening coil (Trip Circuit Supervision) Closing speed Opening speed Circuit-breaker wear Planned maintenance Inactivity alarm Disconnector • • • • Running time Gas density Electrical locking of operations in earthed mode Status indication.4 Supervision 5. which means all disconnectors must be in the same position in order to give status indication on the bay computer. If the signal is not available within 12 seconds after the start of operations the voltage to the motors is cut and an alarm generated.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. Status indication is conencted in series.

AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Arc eliminator • • • • • • • • • • Breakage in the trigger cable harness or an error in the thyristors' Gate-circuit Poor capacitor capacitance (<50%) Short circuit in the charging circuit Fault in the charging circuit Fault in the trigger circuit from the external arc guard IRF on the controller Capacitors not charged Earth fault Acceptable capacitance on the capacitors (>60%) High leakage current from the capacitors Bay computer • • • • • Supply voltage Temperature metering CPU watchdog Supervision I/O card Supervision of internal bus Measurement • • • Current metering circuit (option) Voltage metering circuit (option) Voltage sensing on the cable side 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-91 .

which means that they are not covered by dust. b.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. which means redundancy is obtained.4. The continuous operation of these is ensured by the following: a. The extra release coil is not supervised. If the extra release coil needs to be supervised a supervision relay type SPER can be fitted in the support cubicle. LEDs indicate the status of the battery system as follows: Standard supervision • • • • • • • • • Continuous charge high/low Over. This is due to the following: The user has direct access to the release coil. • The arc detectors are fitted in the top.4. which means it cannot be monitored in the normal way.2 Supervision in the support cubicle Battery supervision system BRC 2000 has an alarm panel for 16 channels on the front display.and undervoltage Earth fault +/Battery circuit fault Temperature fault Lost mains voltage Rectifier fault Blown fuse Capacity test Non standard • • • Low battery capacity Cell fault Remote communication 5. c. An extra amount of arc detectors are fitted.3 What is not supervised in the AX1? • The arc detectors are not supervised. The detectors only receive direct light and not reflected light. 5-92 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .

5 sec Limiting making capacity and conductivity under 3 sec Breaking capacity dc.5.25 A / 0. it is a bay computer in the switchgear that indicates the internal relay fault. These are used to impart the switchgear cubicle’s status to the support cubicle. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-93 . All alarm contacts are of the type NO.B. Normally Open and have the same contact data.1 Internal relay fault (IRF) Bay computer • • • • • • Supply voltage Temperature metering CPU watchdog Start-up check Supervision of I/O card Supervision of internal bus When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the switchgear) the signal will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. N. when the load’s time constant L/R <40 ms at 48/110/230 V dc 250 V ac/dc 5A 30 A 8A 1A / 0.5 Alarm signals from the switchgear In each bay computer as standard there are a number of relay outputs for alarms.15 A 5. Signal contact data: Nominal voltage Continuous Limiting making capacity and conductivity under 0.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. Alarms (relay outputs) are commonly connected in the support cubicle where they can be accessed on terminals. Accordingly. These relay outputs are potential free.

2 A-alarm Circuit-breaker/disconnector • • Density monitor alarm Supervision of one (1) release coil indicates the circuit fault (option) Arc eliminator • • • • • • • Breakage in the trigger cable harness or an error in the thyristors' Gate-circuit Poor capacitance on the capacitors (<50%) Short circuit in the charging circuit Fault in the charging circuit Fault in the controller Fault in the trigger circuit from the external arc guard IRF in the controller When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. Accordingly.5.5. 5. it is any bay computer in the switchgear that indicates the A-alarm. 5-94 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .3 B-alarm Circuit-breaker/disconnector • • • • • • • • • • • • • The circuit-breaker's opening speed exceeded (option) The circuit-breaker's closing speed exceeded (option) The circuit-breaker's closing time exceeded The circuit-breaker's opening time exceeded The circuit-breaker's spring loading time exceeded Supervising one closing coil activated (option) Density monitor supervision for one (1) pole activated The disconnector's running time towards operating mode exceeded The disconnector's running time towards earth mode exceeded The disconnector's mode position is undefined Electrical locking of operations in earthed mode Auxiliary voltage supervision for motor spring voltage (MM) Inactivity (option).OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5.

5. Only used when the customer requires an extra alarm level. it is any bay computer in the switchgear that indicates the C-alarm. 5.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE • Pole wear (option). Accordingly.6 Alarm handling The following measures are recommended with an alarm: IRF-alarm One of the bay computers in the switchgear is down and the cubicle in question will be taken out of service as soon as possible for maintenance. This signal is connected in parallel in the support cubicle to give a common alarm. 5.g. it is any bay computer in the switchgear that indicates the B-alarm. Accordingly. to change the bay computer. The switchgear should be taken out of service immediately and the cause of the fault repaired.5 MR-alarm (auxiliary voltage supervision) • Auxiliary voltage supervision of the relay voltage (MR) When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. (option) When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle.5. B-alarm The cause for the B-alarm should be repaired as soon as possible. 5. Arc eliminator • • • • Capacitors not charged Earth fault Sufficient capacitance on the capacitors (<60%) Leakage current on the capacitors too high When this contact makes (in any bay computer in the AX1 switchgear) the signal will appear on the terminal in the support cubicle. A-alarm An A-alarm means it is impossible to release one (or more) circuit-breakers or that arc eliminator operation is unavailable.4 C-alarm This alarm acts as a customer specific alarm. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-95 . e.

5-96 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . This should be rectified as soon as possible. MR-alarm The MR-alarm indicates that the bay computer has no supply voltage.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual C-alarm A C-alarm is defined by the user (customer) and therefore it is the user who determines the degree of importance and appropriate actions for the alarm.

5. The sensor and gas filling valves are accessible from the operating section. Circuit-breaker poles must not be opened under site conditions or by inexperienced personnel. using special extraction equipment. Contact ABB who has knowledge and the resources to recycle the gas. If the gas pressure falls below 1. SF6 gas is stabile and odourless.7 Gas supervision For full isolation against earth potential the poles of the circuit-breaker should be filled with SF6 gas to the right pressure (2. If the gas pressure falls below 1. in the workshop and during service work.5 bars overpressure the colour of the LED changes to red.7. SF6 gas must not be released to the atmosphere.8 bar in one or more of the poles a B-alarm is indicated on the bay computer. A low gas pressure is indicated on the density monitor’s alarm unit by LEDs and on the bay computer. • • If the gas pressure falls below 1. The switchgear is equipped with analogue pressure switches and the pressure can be read off on the controller or by using a portable instrument directly on the sensor. The amount of gas (a few litres) that the circuit-breaker holds is relatively small compared to gas insulated high voltage switchgear.1 Density monitor The density monitor is fitted on a plate between the operating mechanisms for the disconnector and the circuit-breaker. DENSITY MONITOR L1 ALARM L2 ALARM L3 ALARM 200013 Figure 5-7. the corresponding alarm contacts in the density monitor's alarm unit also make.5 bar in one of the poles a B-alarm is indicated on the bay computer.8 bars overpressure this is indicated by a yellow LED.8 bar overpressure). The gas is handled by ABB. The gas is heavier than air and can be poured/sucked into another container under controlled conditions.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-97 . • • If the gas pressure falls below 1. Density monitor unit (alarm unit) In connection with this. SF6 gas that is exposed to arcs contains poisonous and corrosive substances in both gas and powder forms.

5 bar in two or three of the poles an A-alarm is indicated on the bay computer. 5-98 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual • If the gas pressure falls below 1.

Press the button I (On/Operations) or button 0 (Off/Earth). Selecting an object 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-99 . 4. 3. Single-line schematics on the display indicate new status of the object. Select operating mode Local.1 Operating the switching devices Local operation of switching devices such as circuit-breakers or disconnectors is performed as follows: 1. 5.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. Selected object highlighted Figure 5-8. If the Local mode is already selected. Enter the password 1 (if active). go to point 3. On-Off refers to circuit-breakers while Operation/Earth refers to disconnectors. The yellow LED L comes on. Press the object selector button to select the object.8. The objects in the schematics are highlighted one at a time (stepping) each time the object selector is pressed. Select local operation using the Local/Remote button. 2.8 Switchgear operations 5.

TVOC ECU fault Pos. TVOC 1 2 3 4 5 6 Pos.closed L1 ETU fault L2 ETU fault L3 ETU fault Earth fault Ext. 200026 )LJXUH  $UF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP V FRQWUROOHU  5HVHWWLQJ WKH DUF HOLPLQDWRU V\VWHP The arc eliminator system is rest after closing by using the resetting button on the controller. The system then senses the functionality of the electronic circuits and whether the capacitors are charged. Arc Detectors Ext.e. open Ext. pwr A-alarm B-alarm 200034 )LJXUH  5HVHWWLQJ EXWWRQ RQ WKH FRQWUROOHU 5-100 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . turned off after resetting. i. Other alarm LEDs should be dark. Resetting takes approx.8. 30 minutes and when the system is reset 3RV RSHQ and ([W SZU are lit.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. If this is so. earth faults are reset automatically. After any function the eliminator must be activated again as soon as it has been established that no remaining faults exist.2 Activating the arc eliminator The arc eliminator in the incoming enclosure is activated during commissioning.

1* Fatal voltage.1* The switchgear should be taken out of service immediately if an A-alarm is indicated on the controller. :$51. Exercise immense care with all work on the system. :$51. Contact outlets on the controller (.0  ) are highly dangerous to touch. Exercise immense care with all work on the controller and in its vicinity. :$51.1* If a B-alarm is indicated on the controller the cause should be investigated and rectified immediately.1* Fatal voltage. The capacitors in the arc eliminator system are highly dangerous to touch when charged.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE :$51. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-101 .

5-102 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . With all work on the high voltage side of the switchgear cubicle. As an extra safety precaution all cubicles can be equipped with an extra capacitive voltage indication that indicates whether the cable side is deenergised. the operating mechanism for the disconnector/earthing switch as well as the circuit-breaker’s operating mechanism should be locked in the disconnected/earthed position respective closed position. Thereafter the disconnector/earthing switch operates to the earth position.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. When the circuit-breaker breaks the operating current the connections to the busbars are opened. The incoming enclosure also houses an arc eliminator. mechanical indicator is provided. WARNING Lock the operating mechanism for the disconnector/earthing switch using a padlock in the disconnected/earthed position before carrying out any work on the switchgear. The earthing switch function complies with the demands of five closing operations against the short circuit current as the circuit-breaker is used for the connection to earth. Earthing of the busbar can only be carried out via the sectioning cubicle or by using a portable earthing device. Lock the circuit-breaker’s operating mechanism in the closed position before carrying out any work on the switchgear. WARNING As the circuit-breaker is interlocked against making the cable live when the disconnector is in the earthed position. The safety regulations state the an invisible break point is permitted under the condition that a safe. WARNING Open the cubicle’s sliding door and check on the mechanical indicator that the disconnector is open and the earthing switch made before any work is carried out on the cubicle.8. The circuit-breaker closes again and the cable becomes earthed. the circuit-breaker will not close to earth the cable if the cable is live.4 Earthing The integrated SF6 encapsulated switching device contains a disconnector/earthing switch and circuit-breaker in the same enclosure. which is connected on the cable side in combination with a closed circuit-breaker and disconnector.

2. The disconnector switches to the earth position. 5. 7. Earthing the power cable Conditions: – – – Local/Remote button in Local position Circuit-breaker Closed Disconnector in Operation position Temporary earth the power cable as follows: 1. 4. The circuit-breaker closes. The Local/Remote switch should be in the Local position when earthing. Highlight the disconnector. 6.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE N. Highlight the circuit-breaker (curved arrow). Highlight the circuit-breaker (curved arrow). The cable is now earthed. Press O (Off/Earth). Press O (Off/Earth). 3.B. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-103 . Press I (On/Operation). The circuit-breaker opens.

L3 When the activated protection function is blocked the text BLOCK is displayed in the window. The indications are shown in order of priority in a list in the incident window.8. NOC3Low:START L1. L2. L3 When the protection function gives a delayed tripping signal for the circuitbreaker’s failure protection the text CBFP (Circuit Breaker Failure Protection) is displayed in the window. NOC3Low:BLOCK When the activated protection function trips an object the text TRIP is displayed in the window. NOC3Low:CBFP L1. L2.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. L3 5-104 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .6 Indication of protection functions When a protection function is activated. the name of the function and the text START are displayed in the help window. L2.5 Indication messages The indication messages (priority 1-3) provide an automatic overview of the following: • • • Indication of the protection functions. These are active until acknowledged. Internal relay protection faults. Acknowledge by holding the C button in for five seconds.8. 5. The protection also shows which phase or phases the fault has occurred on. Condition control. NOC3Low:TRIP L1.

Busbar current (via the incoming cubicle). option).AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. Outgoing output (option). The statistics can be shown on a PC locally in an office or workshop. Operating times (option). Outgoing current. Protection functions (option). in the station’s control room or transmitted to an operations centre. The following values can be obtained for storage of statistics by the bay computer: • • • • Number of cycles. Current. voltage (option). Information can be: • • • • Number of operations per circuit-breaker (wear value. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-105 . output (option).9 Compiling statistics for operations and maintenance support Operations and maintenance support can be obtained from the statistics that can be compiled with information from the bay-computer.

The overhaul of equipment should be carried out according to defined criteria. However. The fault correction maintenance described in this manual involves the replacement of faulty units. this usually demands special knowledge which is not provided in this manual. The fault correction maintenance is related to faults discovered in the switchgear and is primarily based on making a diagnosis. depending on the operating conditions. WARNING Fatal voltage. The overhaul should be carried out by authorised AX1-specialists. for example a specific number of operations. that results in rectification. 5-106 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . An ocular inspection of the switchgear at appropriate times. from an alarm. Maintenance intervals for the switchgear AX1 1000 operation s 2000 operation s 10000 operation s Equipment/Action General/Visual inspection 10 years O Note With normal environment according to SSG Circuit-breaker/operation Check/clean the ventilation terminals on O the main-circuit enclosure Operating mechanism for the circuitbreaker/ocular inspection Operation of the disconnector/earthing switch O O O 5. is recommended as a supplement to supervision as set out in the maintenance plan. if you wish to attempt to repair faulty units. Exercise great care during work on the switchgear.10 Maintenance of the switchgear The integrated supervision system in the AX1 allows interval controlled maintenance to be replaced by measures triggered by fault indication. Maintenance plan Table 5-1.10.1 measures with an alarm Authorised service personnel should be contacted if there uncertainty regarding the measures to be taken in the event of fault indication. Follow all safety regulations carefully.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. table 5-1.

2 General/Ocular inspection Check the general condition of the switchgear. smells or sounds abnormal? Connectors and terminals (are they correctly made and tightened?) Pole bolts and connections in the battery system The cleanliness of the operating enclosure. It is recommended that the general condition of the switchgear be checked in connection with fault indication and subsequent fault clearance. visible corrosion?) Cable insulation (burnt?) Is there anything that looks.10.10. see section 5. bay computer enclosure and the lower frame (clean with a damp cloth and vacuum cleaner if necessary) 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-107 . 5. Supervision.4. General/Ocular inspection.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Operations supervised in AX1 are evident from section 5. for example: • • • • • • Surface finish (are there scratches?.2.

3 Check the ventilation terminals on the main-circuit enclosure There are ventilation terminals in the base and on top of the main-circuit enclosure to ventilate the enclosure. Deenergise the switchgear Remove the top plate from the switchgear cubicle. 5. 3. Check that no foreign objects are covering the ventilation terminals’ grilles.5 Checking the operation of the disconnector Authorised service personnel should be contacted if there uncertainty regarding the measures to be taken in the event of fault indication.4 Operation of the circuit-breaker Authorised service personnel should be contacted if there uncertainty regarding the measures to be taken in the event of fault indication.10. Supervision. Supervision.10. Ventilation terminals 970036 Figure 5-11. Operations supervised on circuit-breakers are evident from section 5. Ventilation terminals in the bottom of the main-circuit enclosure 5.4. These terminals should be inspected when work is to be carried out on the main-circuit enclosure or every ten years according to the maintenance plan. Operations supervised on disconnector/earthing switch are evident from section 5. 5-108 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5. 4. 2.4. 1. Blow out each ventilation terminal using a hair dryer and check that the air flows through.10.

The trouble shooting chart below can therefore be seen as a guide rather than a list of possible faults and causes.11 Trouble shooting Trouble shooting on a medium voltage switchgear AX1 is based on a fault initiating an alarm. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-109 . Trouble shooting is primarily based on knowledge of the switchgear’s operation and knowledge of trouble shooting logic as well as experience of trouble shooting. This means that trouble shooting and diagnostics followed by fault correction measures need to be carried out. Always contact the responsible supervisor before trouble shooting is started. Contact ABB who has knowledge and the resources to recycle the gas. Faults can occur that do not give an alarm. condition or by inexperienced personnel. Acknowledged faults that still remain indicate that the faults still exist on the switchgear. The fact that not all types of fault can be anticipated must always be taken into consideration when performing trouble shooting.B. but result in other fault states or malfunction.AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE 5. WARNING Follow applicable safety instructions when trouble shooting. N.

closing/opening springs. Trouble shooting chart Equipment/Fault Circuit-breaker operating mechanism Springs not loaded. operating coil. Cause Action Note Motor has no or too low Check connectors and cables Loading of the control voltage springs shall autostart after closing Faulty motor Check the supply voltage to the motor. The motors lack voltage Measure that there is operating voltage Check the connectors No supply voltage Check the supply voltage and connectors 5-110 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . Operating mechanism for the disconnector/earthing switch does not function Bay computer “Is black“ Operating coil does not switch Measuring the control voltage with closing/opening. Angle fault in the loading device Contact the service workshop The control system does not give a signal that the circuitbreaker is in position. Contact the supplier/service workshop The angle sensor consists of reading forks on a circuit board. Contact the service workshop if the motor is faulty The control system does not give a signal that the circuit-breaker is in position. The circuitbreaker is not fully engaged. Check the operating circuit. The angle sensor is damaged or loose Circuit-breaker operating mechanism The circuit breaker does not close/open despite the indication showing the springs are loaded. Angle fault in the loading device Contact the supplier/service workshop The springs in the operating mechanism are not sufficiently loaded.OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual Table 5-2. The circuit board is mounted close to the pole shaft on the device’s lower left-hand section.

Trouble shooting chart Equipment/Fault Bay computer Object cannot be selected Bay computer Green lamp on display flashes Cause Incorrect operating mode Action Check that the Local mode is selected Contact the service workshop Note 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 5-111 .AX1 Manual OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Table 5-2.

OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE AX1 Manual 5-112 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .

operating losses and the possibility of recycling.5210(17 $1' 5(&<&/. The factors that form the primary environmental impact are the material in the switchgear. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 6-113 .5210(17 $1' 5(&<&/. The environmental impact during the product’s service life from material production to recycling have been assessed and evaluated using a LCAanalysis (Life Cycle Assessment).1*  *HQHUDO Environmental aspects have stood to the fore during the development of the switchgear AX1. use. The life cycle assessment involves identifying the product’s environmental impact during its entire service life. recycling and depositing. manufacturing. This includes: raw material. but only have a minor significance. Factors such as manufacture and transport are also worth evaluating.AX1 Manual (19.1*  (19.

(19. which in itself results in less impact on the environment. Switchgear component Tubular busbar system Cubicle frame (operating enclosure) Material Copper/aluminium Aluminium Note Cubicle frame (main-circuit Alu-zinc and stainless enclosure) steel Lower frame Doors and covers Ends Aluminium Aluminium Enamelled sheet Enamelled scratch-proof sheet Lower frame’s cover plates Pre-enamelled sheet Bay computer Electronic components Gold plated contacts Plastics Batteries Switching devices Copper Aluminium Steel Silver Epoxy plastic SF6-gas Operating mechanism Steel Spring steel Brass Diverse composite materials Cables Copper Plastics Gold plated contacts 6-114 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .5210(17 $1' 5(&<&/. The secondary enclosures and the lower frame are entirely made of aluminium. Aluminium requires little energy to recycle. The compact design uses less material. The main-circuit enclosure is manufactured of stainless steel and alu-zinc (zinc coated sheet steel). 7DEOH  0DLQ PDWHULDOV LQ $. Aluminium has been used as far as possible in the actual cubicles.1* AX1 Manual  0DWHULDO Raw materials with a low environmental impact have been chosen for the X1 switchgear. The tubular busbar system is manufactured of uninsulated copper that is easy to recycle.

for example. The gas is heavier than air. Therefore handle the gas sensibly. Do not release the gas into the atmosphere.5210(17 $1' 5(&<&/. if the materials are taken care of and recycled correctly. The only element that can have a long-term effect on the environment. 3URSHUWLHV • • The gas is not toxic. The gas must be taken care of and recycled. 1% SF6-gas that escapes to the atmosphere makes a certain contribution towards the greenhouse effect. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 6-115 . is the SF6 gas used as an insulation gas in the switching devices. This means that leaking gas can collect. Reuse the gas or destroy it when necessary.AX1 Manual (19. in cable trenches. It is not hazardous to inhale as long as the oxygen content in the surrounding air is sufficiently high.1*  $ IHZ IDFWV DERXW 6)JDV An AX1 switchgear contains no components hazardous to man or the environment. however very small. The amount of SF6-gas in a switching device in AX1 is very little.

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Wooden pallets with battens for the AX1-cubicle can be returned to the supplier. A marginal reduction in heat loss has immense significance over a period of 10-20 years.  2SHUDWLRQV DQG 0DLQWHQDQFH 2SHUDWLRQV Operation of the switchgear is dependent on the objects and processes to be supplied by the switchgear and it is therefore important to bear in mind factors that involve lower operation losses as early as the planning stage. 2WKHU PDWHULDOV Any other remaining material from the installation should be sorted and taken to an approved environment station. 6-116 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D . ABB Distribution has a deposit system for pallets (more information can be provided on request). can be sorted and taken to an approved environment station. etc. Other packaging. One such factor could be that a cubicle for incoming supply is placed in the vicinity of the switchgear cubicle that supplies large loads. 'DPDJHG SDOOHWV Pallets from ABB Distribution contain no toxic wood impregnation agent and can therefore be burnt. 0DLQWHQDQFH • Handling SF6 gas – All regulations concerning the handling of SF6 gas must be followed when refilling the SF6 gas and during the inspection of sealing system. for example the plastic wrapping and ties. In this way heat loss in the busbars can be reduced. &DEOH ZDVWH Excess cable and cable waste should be taken to an approve environment station for recycling.

If it is not environmentally or economically motivated to repair the unit it should be taken to an approved environment station for destruction or disposal.5210(17 $1' 5(&<&/. Gas suppliers can regenerate the gas. %DWWHULHV Batteries should be left at an approved environment station or returned to the supplier. the faulty unit should be sent to a service station to undergo a possible service and repair. The natural products plaster and felspar are then formed.AX1 Manual (19. Contaminated SF6 gas can be handled in several ways: • • • • ABB offers to take care of the circuit-breaker when the gas filled equipment is to be scraped. 1RQ UHF\FODEOH PDWHULDO Material that cannot be recycled should be left at an environment station for destruction or disposal.1* • Replacing the units – When replacing faulty units. The gas can be destroyed. 0HWDOV Metal components can be sorted and left to an approved environment station for recycling.  6FUDSLQJ DQG UHF\FOLQJ *DV ILOOHG VZLWFKLQJ GHYLFHV Handle SF6 gas with care to avoid gas leakage. Used gas can be filtered and reused. – SF6 gas is heated up together with lime. (OHFWURQLFV Bay computers should be left with an approved electronic recovery company. 1VET 954300-905 e rev D 6-117 .

(19.5210(17 $1' 5(&<&/.1* AX1 Manual 6-118 1VET 954300-905 sv rev D .

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ABBPower Tecnology Products Medium Voltage Products SE-771 80 Ludvika. Sweden Telephone: + 46 240 78 20 00 Fax: + 46 240 78 40 21 1VET954300-905 e rev D 010112 .