You are on page 1of 10

January 10, 2002

Case Study 1: Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments’ Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan
Project Background ARTIMIS, the Advanced Regional Traffic Interactive Management Information System, is one of the earlier ITS systems deployed in the United States. The system provides traffic management and traveler information on 88 miles of the most heavily traveled freeways in the greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky region. ARTIMIS represents a remarkable partnership between the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT), Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (KYTC), and OhioKentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments (OKI). The Cincinnati region’s population is approximately 1.85 million, with approximately 3.3 million daily trips during the morning and afternoon peak periods. Vehicle miles traveled (VMT) during the peak periods is estimated at 22 million miles. The Texas Transportation Institute’s The 2001 Urban Mobility Report estimates that 63 percent of peak period travel on the Cincinnati region’s freeways is in congested conditions. The population in the region is expected to exceed 2 million by 2010. ARTIMIS began limited operations in June 1995 and the system was completed in December 1998, with ongoing expansion and enhancements. • Traveler advisory telephone service (TATS) – 211 landline and mobile, which was recently changed to 511, the first in the nation to implement; Highway advisory radio (HAR); Freeway service patrol (FSP) vans, otherwise known as CVS/Samaritan vans; Ramp and reference markers; Vehicle detectors; Total station electronic surveying equipment; and Operations control center (OCC).
ARTIMIS Coverage Area

• • • • • •

The ARTIMIS components and services include: • • Closed circuit TV cameras (CCTV); Electronic dynamic message signs (DMS); In order to assess the effectiveness and performance of the ARTIMIS program, and to develop a strategic decision making framework for future system

congestion. and IDAS provides a consistent approach for estimating the future impacts of the regional ITS architecture. Assess emergency response agency perception of ARTIMIS. and energy impacts. involved the application of the ITS Deployment Analysis System (IDAS). was used to provide estimates of the benefits of ARTIMIS. did not have the historical “before” and “after” data available for the evaluation study so they were wrestling with an approach to conduct the analysis. and personal interviews.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies enhancements. air quality. the KYTC. and Identify system benefits. particularly safety. This case study describes the use of IDAS for these two studies. focus groups. had the technical capabilities to apply the IDAS program for these studies. • • The evaluation of ARTIMIS was centered on the following key issues that the participating agencies needed addressed: • • • • Evaluate the public perception of ARTIMIS. as well as other performance indicators. The last objective. Project Goals and Objectives The major goals of the ARTIMIS program are to: • • • Improve motorist safety. Evaluate system performance. quantify the benefits of ARTIMIS. Since historical data (before the deployment of ARTIMIS) for comparison of performance indicators were not available for a “before” and “after” evaluation. which maintains the region’s travel demand model among other responsibilities. ODOT. Several studies have been conducted locally evaluating the individual components of ARTIMIS and results from these studies could be used as inputs into IDAS. Existing Agency Technical Capabilities OKI’s data services department. and Improvement in the quality of life by providing advanced traveler information to motorists. In order to evaluate the system benefits of ARTIMIS and estimate the impacts of the proposed ITS program plan using IDAS. The system benefits task focused on identifying and quantifying the benefits of ARTIMIS including mobility. However. and air quality. The first three objectives were addressed through the use of surveys. IDAS provides the capability for estimating the impacts for these. and Improve air quality. Additional advantages of IDAS that led to OKI’s selection of the tool for the system benefits evaluation included: • OKI and the partner agencies were interested in estimating the systemwide impacts of ARTIMIS. OKI. and The development of a regional ITS architecture/ITS program plan. and other agencies in the region commissioned two studies: • • An evaluation of ARTIMIS. the region’s travel demand model data was obtained from the OKI data services department and used in the analysis. OKI opted to have consultants conduct the IDAS analysis due to limited staff resources. travel times. including: • • • Quick identification and clearance of incidents. which was developed concurrently with the evaluation effort. ARTIMIS strives to achieve these goals through the functions performed by the Advanced Traffic Management System (ATMS) and the Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS). accidents. OKI and the study partner agencies 2 . Improve travel times. IDAS default impact values are user modifiable with numbers that better represent conditions in the Cincinnati region. Enhancement of public safety through roadway network surveillance. IDAS.

The model data included both network files and travel demand files (trip tables) representing the a. in.m..Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies Additional Data.m. For the benefit/cost analysis. The IDAS default impact values for the ITS components included in ARTIMIS were adjusted to reflect results from various studies that had been conducted on the ARTIMIS system including: • The public perception (market research) and emergency responder perception interviews conducted in other tasks of the ARTIMIS evaluation study.5 hours from 6:00 a. to 6:30 p.and out-of-vehicle travel times. peak periods. 3 .m. were evaluated and incorporated into the IDAS model replacing the default values. and park and ride transit. Analysis Method and Assumptions IDAS analysis were conducted separately for the two studies: • • The ARTIMIS Evaluation.5 hours from 3:00 p. A few of the IDAS default impact values were adjusted to reflect results from various local studies as shown in the table above. the individual ARTIMIS components were deployed in IDAS according to information provided by the operations control center. county. Year 2010 networks and trip tables were used in developing the ITS program plan. and Accident statistics from state. A two-percent growth factor was applied to the travel demand model trip tables to reflect the population increase in the Cincinnati area between 1995 and 1999 for the ARTIMIS evaluation study. to 8:30 a. and The regional ITS architecture/ITS program plan.m. peak period represented 3. turn prohibitors. ARTIMIS Evaluation For the evaluation effort. walk to local transit. The a. Technical Assistance or Training Needs In addition to the data obtained from the OKI travel demand model to conduct the analyses. including all auto. ARTIMIS Operations: The First Three Years.. and local agencies obtained from interviews and various agency websites. volume-delay curves. Other parameters. Data were obtained from the OKI regional travel demand model to use as inputs into the IDAS model. and vehicle occupancies from the OKI model.m. • • • • • The adjusted impact values used for the ARTIMIS evaluation are identified in the table on the following page. prepared by Kentucky Transportation Center. ARTIMIS Telephone Travel Information Service: Current Use Patterns and User Satisfaction. Inc.m. Year 1995 model files were used for the ARTIMIS evaluation. These data were imported into the IDAS software to conduct the analysis. the study utilized data from various other sources in order to better represent conditions in the Cincinnati region. prepared by the Kentucky Transportation Center. and maps obtained from the ARTIMIS system. Evaluation of Reference Signs Draft Research Report. to represent traffic conditions before ARTIMIS was deployed. referred to as the ITS Program Plan. Four separate modes were obtained from the OKI model. kiss and ride transit.m. peak period represented 2. and the p. the evaluation plan estimate of capital and operating costs for the ARTIMIS system were based upon data provided by OKI and the ARTIMIS operations control center. The auto occupancy for the auto trip table was 1. prepared by the Kentucky Transportation Center. Evaluation of Advanced Surveying Technology for Accident Investigation Research Report.m.36 persons per vehicle. It was assumed that most of ARTIMIS’ benefits occur during the peak periods and that this approach would produce a more conservative estimate of average annual benefits. facts and statistical information. prepared by TRW. such as baseline travel time skims (zone to zone). and p.

2% Incident Management (Freeway Service Patrol and Reference Markers) ITS Program Plan 2006 The following are the ARTIMIS enhancements and additions planned for the year 2006 in the ITS program plan included in the analysis: • • • • • • • • • • Enhancement of existing ARTIMIS components.42% 15% IDAS Default 55% 10% 42% Adjusted Value 22. Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky airport kiosks. Parking management system for stadiums. and Expansion of traveler information delivery. Truck-oriented traveler information. and advanced snow plow systems. Freeway bridge snow and ice removal. Advanced public transportation systems. and management components.5% 10% 17. Emergency vehicle traffic signal preemption. ITS Program Plan 2010 The 2010 ITS program plan is more extensive and includes the components in the 2006 plan plus the following: • • • • Ramp metering. Various incident detection. Highway-rail intersection safety systems. Snow and ice detection and management. verification.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies Comparison of Impact Values Used for the ARTIMIS Evaluation Impact Measure Reduction in incident duration Reduction in fatalities Reduction in emissions and fuel Telephone and Web Information Services Market penetration (percent using the service) Time savings per traveler Dynamic Message Signs Percent time sign is on and disseminating information Percent vehicles that save time Time savings Highway Advisory Radio Percent vehicles tuned into broadcast Percent vehicles that save time Percent time of extreme conditions Time savings per traveler 25% 25% 10% 4 minutes 5% 25% 2% 4 minutes 10% 20% 3 minutes 10% 24% 17 minutes 1% 15% 0. response. 4 . and Red-light running enforcement system. Arterial operations upgrades.

• • These impacts were monetized to produce a benefit/cost ratio for the ARTIMIS evaluation (see following table).6 percent) during the p. peak period monetized benefits were multiplied by a factor of 1. Due to the constraints of IDAS.g.m. peak period and 500 hours saved during the p. the reduced time for incident detection/verification was found to reduce the number of fatality accidents (with an offsetting increase in the number of injury accidents). It is also estimated that ARTIMIS resulted in a reduction of 1. as the emphasis of ARTIMIS is on incident detection. The ITS program plan results are further divided into year 2006 versus 2010. truck-related components were not included in the analysis. Improving air quality – The ARTIMIS program resulted in a reduction of 0. The ITS projects modeled in IDAS for the ITS program plan only include those for which the deployment specifics were identified.m. response. IDAS estimated that an average of 12. The 2010 OKI. peak period and 1.m.m. ARTIMIS results in an annual savings of approximately $136 million to the Cincinnati region.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies The OKI ITS program plan consisted of two milestone years of deployment.16 tons (3. However. peak periods combined). peak period due to ARTIMIS. and p. and/or departure time.m. peak period. the a. some ITS components were not included in the analysis (e. and 6. • Travel time reliability – Travel time reliability measures the time savings realized by motorists under situations of non-recurring congestion caused by incidents such as crashes or vehicle breakdowns on freeways. timing of improvements.7 percent) of nitrous oxide emissions during the a. The 2006 trip estimates were derived based on interpolation between the 1995 and 2010 trip tables. peak periods due to ARTIMIS. due to the limitations of the OKI model.m.m.m. ARTIMIS Evaluation The IDAS analysis of the ARTIMIS system produced the following findings: • Mobility (time savings) – This measure is the time savings realized by motorists through the use of traveler information components. peak period and 4.000 hours of unexpected delay is saved daily during the a. the project team developed the capital costs and operating and maintenance (O&M) costs were estimated based on the ratio of current average annual O&M to capital costs for the ARTIMIS system. peak period. These time savings are primarily realized through changing of travel routes. bridge snow and ice removal). peak period and 0.m. this measure had the greatest benefit.940 hours saved during the p. 2006 and 2010.m.m.46 tons (3.5 percent) during the p.6 percent) during the p.m. The a. Research has not revealed any statistically significant change in the overall accident rate due to the deployment of incident management systems. peak period. peak period. For the ITS program plan results.50 tons (3.m. existing plus committed (E+C) a. peak period results were estimated based on factors from the ARTIMIS evaluation results. and p.m. peak period travel demand model was used for both the 2006 and 2010 scenarios. The combined a.m. In addition. and management. and target impacts. as the regional model does not have truck trip tables and trip times.m. peak period.63 to estimate the total peak period benefits (a.. As shown.8 percent) during the a. ARTIMIS was found to produce approximately 360 hours saved daily by travelers during the a. The benefits of ARTIMIS outweigh the costs by a significant margin and result 5 .2 percent reduction in fatalities during the a. time period was used for the ITS program plan analysis as the OKI a. IDAS Analysis Results The IDAS analysis results are presented separately for the ARTIMIS evaluation study and the ITS program plan.8 percent) of hydrocarbons during the a.m. including geographic location. over 85 percent of the total benefits. peak period model is better validated.47 tons (4. Improving motorist safety – IDAS estimated a 3. implementation methodology. estimated costs.m. Carbon monoxide was reduced by 3.01 tons (4. and p.m. For the benefit/cost analysis.67 tons (3.m. As shown in the table below.

1 percent reduction in fatalities.000 $8. Improving air quality – The 2006 ITS program plan is estimated to result in a 3.000 $119. peak period.7 percent reduction in injury accidents. and a 1. peak period. This is significantly higher than the evaluation results due to the expansion of existing services.m.3 percent reduction in carbon monoxide and 5. and truck information. peak period. 1.3 percent reduction of nitrous oxide emissions (0.9 percent reduction of hydrocarbons. kiosks.91 tons).563.000 $135.m.811. • • • • • • The benefits and costs for the 2006 ITS program plan are summarized in the following table.142 hours of unexpected delay due to non-recurring congestion is estimated to be saved by travelers daily during the a.4 percent reduction of nitrous oxide emissions during the a. peak period.627 hours will be saved daily by travelers during the a.000 12:1 Annual Value ITS Program Plan 2006 The IDAS analysis of the short-term 2006 ITS program plan resulted in the following results: • Mobility (time savings) – Approximately 6.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies in a net benefit of $125 million per year with a benefit/cost ratio of 12:1.850.000 $123.m.27 tons) during the a. and a 1.292. Travel time reliability – An average of 4.15 tons).000 $174.000 $13.6 percent reduction in property damage only (PDO) incidents. 6 .1 percent reduction in carbon monoxide (0. It is estimated that the 2010 ITS program plan will result in a benefit/cost ratio of 9:1.596. It is The following table presents a summary of the benefits and costs for the 2010 ITS program plan.m. Improving air quality – The 2010 ITS program plan is estimated to result in a 1.871.m. peak period estimated impacts.m.m. and p.000 $2. Travel time reliability – An average of 10. ARTIMIS Evaluation – Benefits and Costs (Year 2000 Dollars) Performance Measure Benefits User mobility Travel time reliability Fuel consumption Accidents Emissions Total Annual Benefits Total Average Annual Cost Benefit/Cost Comparison $1.m. peak period. 2006 ITS Plan – Benefits and Costs Performance Measure Benefits User mobility Travel time reliability Fuel consumption Accidents Emissions Total Annual Benefits Total Average Annual Cost Benefit/Cost Comparison $26.000 $11. peak period impacts were estimated using a factor from the ARTIMIS evaluation effort.2 percent reduction of hydrocarbons (0.m.160. Improving motorist safety – IDAS estimated a 2.237. ITS Program Plan 2010 The IDAS analysis of the longer-term 2010 ITS program plan resulted in the following findings: • Mobility (time savings) – Approximately 8.450. the p. peak periods. including both the a. As mentioned previously.487.000 $13.5 percent reduction in fatalities.419 hours will be saved daily by travelers during the a.000 $2.000 12:1 Annual Value estimated that the 2006 ITS program plan will result in a benefit/cost ratio of 12:1.m.000 $11. 4.000 $180. Improving motorist safety – IDAS estimated a 4. and p.355 hours of unexpected delay is estimated to be saved by travelers daily during the a.511.m. 1.985. These results are based upon a combination of the a. peak period.753.

These recommendations focus on improvements to the ARTIMIS system. Expanded freeway service patrol to 13 hours per day from just the peak periods. Re-evaluate highway advisory radio (HAR) purpose and strategies. The greatest benefit of ARTIMIS is from the incident management components. response. specifically approaching freeway interchanges and on major arterials approaching freeway entrances. These should include consistent policies about removing • • These recommendations were incorporated into the ITS program plan and several of the recommendations from the evaluation study have already been implemented including: • • • • 24/7 ARTIMIS operations. Provide real-time video and data feed at the local agency dispatch centers. etc.000 $2. • Continue and expand public education and marketing campaign of ARTIMIS. and reasonable level of investment. fiber. arrival time.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies 2010 ITS Plan – Benefits and Costs Performance Measure Benefits User mobility Travel time reliability Fuel consumption Accidents Emissions Total Annual Benefits Total Average Annual Cost Benefit/Cost Comparison $33.300.000 $6. dispatch time. clearance time. Live video feed availability to emergency responders and the public. − Coordinate with emergency responders on how to minimize duration of an incident. to various emergency response and transportation facilities. The following additional actions are recommended based on the evaluation: • Review ARTIMIS incident records and state highway accident reports to identify locations with a high number of incidents. and management strategies in those areas.000 $95.).239. • Recommendations for ARTIMIS The following are the key recommendations. while still preserving their safety and the integrity of an investigation. expansion plans should focus on additional incident management improvements. Increase dynamic message sign (DMS) deployment. − − − − Expand ramp and reference markers to entire freeway system. Connections from the ARTIMIS operations control center (shown below) via radio.000 $3.528. etc.000 $10. Expand and densify incident detection. Expand and densify coverage of the freeway service patrol (FSP) vans. Develop OKI staff capability to evaluate benefits and costs of ITS alternatives.401.688. • 7 . which resulted from the ARTIMIS system benefits evaluation. Determine long-term future of HAR. Develop standardized regional incident management plans.899. and improve operability. specifically the telephone/web traveler information services to increase the use of the system.000 $49. and Increased media/marketing campaign.665. Therefore. verification.000 9:1 Annual Value abandoned vehicles and the collection of incident data to track progress (incident type.

the impacts and benefits of an ITS deployment1 are directly dependent upon the technologies adopted. OKI did not have the staff resources available to prepare the travel demand model data in the format necessary for direct import into IDAS. ramp metering and signal coordination system). • • Note: IDAS “deployments” can be a single ITS component (e. both within deployments as well as across deployments (this will facilitate the consideration of the benefits of integrated ITS deployments. However. the Tranplan files and OKI model documentation provided were well organized and thorough. as well as the avoidance of double-counting of benefits). is critical for confidence and comfort with the results. particularly impact values and benefits values (value of time. The operating philosophy and parameters that will influence the impacts of the different deployments. 2. Develop a matrix that shows the correspondence of the respective deployments to appropriate IDAS ITS analysis options.). making the import into IDAS relatively seamless. The appropriate coverage areas and impacts areas for the respective deployments. Matching the ITS components in ARTIMIS and the ITS program plan to the components available in IDAS required careful consideration prior to use of IDAS. The model data were easily converted into IDAS format through the use of TP+ and Viper. It is therefore important that the analyst has a thorough understanding of the following in order to accurately model ITS projects in IDAS: • • The different ITS technologies and systems that are deployed.g. and The interaction and synergies between different components. dynamic message sign.g. 1 8 . ramp meter) or involve multiple ITS components (e. 4.. The analysis of ITS benefits requires the aggregation of the different services provided into distinct cohesive clusters of ITS projects. incident costs. 3. This ensures that the right impacts assumptions are made for the respective deployments. • • • It is helpful to document these processes along the following lines: • Develop a list of technologies adopted and deployments along with the operational philosophies and parameters that affect the expected impacts. Produce a graphical illustration of the physical location (coverage) of these IDAS analysis options.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies ARTIMIS Operations Control Center To expand lesson-learned #3 above. Lessons Learned These are lessons learned from the implementation of IDAS. Agency review and approval of modifiable IDAS defaults. etc.. which can be modeled in IDAS. 1. the operational parameters and philosophies. The types and magnitudes of the resulting enduser services that are provided by the deployments. and the resulting services provided to the end-user. particularly the use of the components and possible synergies. The use of impact values from local sources better represented conditions in the Cincinnati region versus the use of national default values available within IDAS. List the end-user services provided by these technologies and services.

As funding becomes more and more competitive.000 or more. improved intersections. The projects began in December 1999 with the majority of the IDAS related tasks being conducted between October 2000 and August 2001. In the eyes of many MPO Board members. highway corridors in need of capacity expansion must be This is one of four case studies describing the application of the ITS Deployment Analysis System (IDAS) software program. These include: • • • Monitoring and evaluation of transportation system performance. These case studies illustrate innovative approaches in conducting ITS planning and program development. Identification of alternative strategies to mitigate congestion. Future Usage of Data and/or Technical Approaches Developed As an MPO. which includes ITS. Now.. and reporting IDAS results. ITS improvements do not have the same visibility as added lanes. 9 . with IDAS. Typically. TMAs that are in non-attainment for ozone or carbon monoxide must conduct additional analysis. running. IDAS is well suited to address these requirements as it can be used to analyze alternative ITS strategies and test tradeoffs of traditional highway and transit infrastructure options.Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies • Develop a matrix for each IDAS ITS improvement that lists the default IDAS impact values and the adjusted impact value. there is an available tool to analyze ITS strategies. adding lanes) can be justified. These CMS requirements are to be addressed by Transportation Management Areas (TMAs) with populations of 200. technical memorandums. OKI is now including ITS recommendations in regional long-range transportation plans. and the final report. computer time. IDAS can also provide a policy tool for justifying ITS investments. it is only then that traditional additional capacity (e. It adds a new dimension to understanding how technologies can assist travelers and makes it easier to bring these technologies to the OKI region. or transit expansion. In metropolitan areas such as Cincinnati. The cost for the IDAS runs was approximately $99. In addition to providing a planning tool for CMS. These costs exclude agency staff time. Until recently. OKI is interested in using IDAS in the future to satisfy the Congestion Management System (CMS) requirements. It has been difficult to convey the magnitude of potential ITS benefits in comparison to the relatively low cost for an assortment of dispersed technologies. travel.000. along with the explanations for the adjustments (as shown in the table on page 4). This cost included work associated with the systems benefits analysis including setup. With IDAS. presentations. and Assessment of the effectiveness of implemented actions. OKI felt there was no tool available to effectively quantify the performance of ITS technologies as required for the CMS. analyzed for reasonable travel demand reduction and operational management strategies. If analysis shows that these strategies cannot fully satisfy the need for added capacity. OKI needs this ability to compare ITS performance with other potential projects. meetings.g. MPOs sign off on the transportation investments in metropolitan areas. decision makers can begin to see the estimated benefits of an ITS system or of ITS expansion. IDAS can help with planning as well as programming. Project Cost and Schedule The IDAS analysis was conducted for two projects. including the ARTIMIS Evaluation and the Regional ITS Architecture/ITS Program Plan.

Case Study 1: OKI Evaluation of ARTIMIS and ITS Program Plan IDAS Case Studies Contacts This work was performed under contract with: For further information. D. AICP Deputy Executive Director OKI 801-B West Eighth Street.W.C.. 1300 Clay St. OH 45203 Telephone: (513) 621-6300 Fax: (513) 621-9325 Web: www. PE.oki. please contact: Federal Highway Administration Planning and Environment Office of Metropolitan Planning and Programs 400 7th Street. Suite 1010 Oakland.camsys. Cambridge Systematics. CA 94611 Telephone: (510) 873-8700 Fax: (510) 873-8701 Web: www. 10 . 20590 The Case Study was prepared by: Dory Montazemi. Inc. Suite 400 Cincinnati.