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# KELANTAN STPM TRIAL 2010 maths t p2 1. The diagram below shows the triangle OQR.

X lies on the line OQ with the ratio OX : XQ = 2 : 1, and Y lies on the line RP with the ratio OY : YR= Q 3 : 2.
X T M

O
R Y P

The line YQ intersects the line RX at T. MT is parallel to OR. uu ur uu ur It is given that OR = 5a and OX 2b = uu ur % % (i) Find RQ in terms of a and b % % ur u uu ur uu ur (ii) Given that YT = m(b a ) and = − RT nRX , find the values of m and n. % (iii) Find the position vector of M, relative to O, in terms of a and or b . % % [ 10 m] 2. By using substitution y = vx, show that the differential equation can be reduced to x dy xy = 2 dx x − y 2

dv v3 . Hence show that the general solution can be = dx 1 − v 2
− x2

expressed in the form y = Ae 2 y 2 . where A is an arbitrary constant. 8m] 3. Express 3 sin θ +√2 cos θ in the form r sin( θ +α ) with 00 < α Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation 3 sin θ +√2 cos θ =1 for 00 < θ < 3600. [ 7m] < 900.

[

4. The rate of cooling of a certain liquid is proportional too the difference between the liquid temperature and the room temperature. Given that the room temperature is θ 0 and the liquid temperature at any time t is denoted as θ where θ > θ 0. Write down the differential equation that shows the relationship between θ and t. Given that the room temperature is 200 C and that the liquid temperature, initially at 1000 C decreases to 800C in 8 minutes, find the additional time taken for the liquid temperature to drop to 300C, [ 8m] 5. The diagram below shows two circles touching externally at the point R. PQ is a common tangent to both circles at points P and Q.The tangent at R meets PQ at T. PS is parallel toTR and QRS is a straight line.
S

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Q

R
j A c1

T

P

KELANTAN STPM TRIAL 2010 maths t p2

Show that (i) TQ = PT and QR= RS. (ii) the straight line PR is perpendicular to the straight line QRS. [ 6m] 6. Studies show that the difference between the tyre pressure of the front and rear tyres of a car, X is normally distributed with a mean of 25 Pa and a variance of 40 Pa2 . (i) Calculate the percentage of cars with tyre pressure difference more than 30 Pa. (ii) Calculate the value of m if P( X − 25 < m ) = 0.2 . [ 7m] 7. In a class of 20 students, 20 of them like pizza,7 students like fried chicken and the others like beef burger. Six students are randomly selected. Find the probability that : (i) Only one student likes to eat beef burger. (ii) At least two students like to eat pizza. (iii) an equal number of students from each category is selected. [ 6m] 8. The number of landslides occurring along a stretch of highland road in a month can be modeled by a Poisson distribution with a mean of 0.8.. (i) Find the probability that in any month chosen at random,more than 2 landslides occur. (ii) Find the probability than less than 3 landslides happen in a 4-month period. [ 5m] 9. X and Y are two independent random variables with probability distribution as given below.
x=0 0.4,  P ( X = x ) − 0.6, x =1  0, otherwise 
y =1 0.2,  0.3, y=2  , P (Y = y ) −  y=3  0.5,  0 otherwise 

Z is a random variable defined by Z= X+Y. (i) Construct a probability distribution table for Z. (II) Calculate E(Z) and Var(Z). 8m] 10. A continuous random variable X has the probability density function f(x) defined p(4 − x 2 ), 0 ≤ x ≤ 2  by: f ( x) −  0, otherwise  where p is a positive constant ; (i) Show that p = 3/16. (ii) Find the cumulative distribution function of X. 954/2 *

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KELANTAN STPM TRIAL 2010 maths t p2 (iii) Determine the mode of X. 8m] [

11. The table shows the distribution of profits ( in thousand RM) of 50 companies. Profit (x) 10<x<20 20<x<30 30<x<40 40<x<50 50<x<70 70<x< 100 No of companies 4 10 19 8 6 3

(i) Plot a histogram to illustrate the data. (ii) By using the grouped data, find the mean and standard deviation. (iii) State the type of skewness for this distribution. [ 9m] 12 The following data shows the masses,in kg, of durians sold by 23 farmers at a ‘Farmers’ Day Carnival’. 59 62 64 65 64 64 67 51 68 69 76 77 70 68 68 63 64 63 64 72 73 72 69 (i) Display the above data in an ordered stemplot. (ii) Find the mean and standard deviation. (iii) Draw a boxplot to represent the above data. Use your boxplot to identify the ‘outliers’. [ 10 m]

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