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CATALOGUE OF EGYPTIAN RELIGIOUS


PAPYRI IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM

COPIES OF THE BOOK


PR(T)-M-HRW
FROM THE XVIIlTH TO THE XXIlND DYNASTY

1938
CATALOGUE OF EGYPTIAN RELIGIOUS
PAPYRI IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM
CATALOGUE OF EGYPTIAN RELIGIOUS
PAPYRI IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM,

COPIES OF THE BOOK


PR(T)-M-HRW
FROM THE XVIIlTH TO THE XXIlND DYNASTY

I. DESCRIPTION OF PAPYRI WITH TEXT

By
A. W. SHORTER, M.A.
ASSISTANT KEEPER IN THE DEPARTMENT
" "" OF" EGYPTIAN AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES
4-

LONDON
THE BRITISH MUSEUM
1938
Sold at

THE BRITISH MUSEUM and by


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PREFACE
The collection of Egyptian religious papyri in the British Museum
consists, for the purpose of this Catalogue, since all the religious texts
which have also a literary character have been published in Select Papyri
in the Hieratic Character and Hieratic Pafiyri in the British Museum, of
copies of the books of spells and directions for the dead in the underworld,

placed in the tomb with other funerary furniture. The commonest of these
books, called by the Egyptians Pert-em-heru, generally known in modern
" 1
times as The Book
Dead," for inadequate reasons is a miscellany,
of the ,

containing much ancient material, which was standardised under the


Eighteenth Dynasty, though not in a rigidly fixed form. The finest

illustrated copies of this miscellany in the collection


-
have already been
published by order of the Trustees of the British Museum
in photographs
or facsimiles, 2 and a further group of the papyri in the collection was used
3
by Professor Edouard Naville in his comparative edition. The publication
of the remaining copies of this book will be the first subject undertaken in
this Catalogue ; but as the book changed greatly during the late period,
the form used after the Twenty-second Dynasty, known as the Saite

recension, must be the subject of a later part of the Catalogue. In the


first partthe papyri belonging to the period commencing with the
all

Eighteenth Dynasty and ending with the Twenty-second will be described,


andthe readings given in the hitherto unpublished copies will be printed

1
See The Book of the Dead, by Sir E. A. WALLIS BUDGE. (British Museum, 1933) Pp. 1-2. .

2
.Photographs of the Papyrus of Nebseni in the British Museum. 1876. Out of print.
The Papyrus of Ani, the Book of the Dead. (Editions 1890, 1894, 1895.) Out of print.
The Book of the Dead : Facsimiles of the Papyri of Hunefer, Anhai, Kerasher and
Netchemet, with supplementary text
from the Papyrus of Nu. 1899. 2 10s.
The Papyrus : the funerary papyrus of Princess Nesitanebtashru, Daughter
Greenfield
of Painetchem II and Nesi-Khensu, and Priestess of Amen-Ra at Thebes, about B.C. 970.
1912. 2 10s.
All these, with the exception of the and the first two editions of the
photographs,
papyrus of Ani in facsimile, in 1890 and 1894, contain transcripts and translations by Sir
E. A. Wallis Budge, D.Litt., Litt. D.
3
E. NAVILLE Das aegyptische Todtenbuch.
:
Berlin. 1886.
vi PREFACE

in the form of an apparatus criticus on a standard text. The standard text


is not conflated, but is the best text offered by any one papyrus in the
" "
collection for the chapter concerned, and for this purpose the system of
" "
numbering the chapters used by Lepsius has been adopted for conveni-
ence.

This first fascicle is devoted to the papyri containing the text of


Chapters I-XVII. Twelve facsimiles illustrate the hieroglyphic or
hieratic hands of as many different documents. In the second fascicle will

be given descriptions of the unpublished drawings and paintings illustrating


"
the text, the so-called vignettes," and reproductions of important ones.
Translations of interesting texts not previously dealt with have been
included in the introductory notes to the chapters. This is the first edition
ofan Egyptian text with an apparatus criticus of this kind, and constitutes
a departure from the reproduction of. manuscript copies of parallel texts .

in extenso, the method favoured, for instance, by the late Professor Naville.

The volume is thework of Mr. A. W. Shorter, M.A., Assistant Keeper in the

Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities.

SIDNEY SMITH.

DEPARTMENT OF EGYPTIAN AND


ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES.

5th February, 1938.


INTRODUCTION
via THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Trans-
literation
INTRODUCTION
THE STANDARD TEXT.
In cases where a chapter is preserved by more than one of the manu-
scripts published for the first time in this work, a version, drawn from
papyri already published and termed here the standard text, has been
printed at the top of the page. The variations in the new manuscripts
from this standard text are recorded in the apparatus criticus printed
below it. The standard text is supplied by the papyrus of Nu (B.M.
No. 10477) whenever possible, but where a chapter is wanting or incomplete
in Nu the papyrus of Nebseny (B.M. No. 9900) is employed.
1
Where both
these manuscripts fail, the standard text is supplied from the papyrus of
Any (B.M. No. 10470), or from other British Museum manuscripts already
published, or from Naville's Todtenbuch or Grapow's Religiose Urkunden.
A departure from this principle, however, is made when only one of the
newly published manuscripts preserves the text of any chapter. In this
case the new text, printed in full, replaces the regular standard text and
apparatus criticus.

THE APPARATUS CRITICUS.


(1) The method of English transliteration employed is that used by
Dr. Alan Gardiner in his Egyptian Grammar.

(2) At the head of every chapter the manuscripts containing it are


listed in approximate
chronological order, and this order is followed as
far as possible when they are quoted in the apparatus criticus.

(3) When a manuscriptis not mentioned in the apparatus criticus it is

implied that it presents the same reading as that of the standard text,
unless (a) the passage in
question is omitted, in which case a statement to
this effect will be found at the head of the
chapter, or (b) the text is here
destroyed, in which case a statement to this effect will be found either at
the head of the chapter, or earlier in the
apparatus criticus at the point
where the destruction begins.
(4) The table printed on the opposite page contains spellings of certain
words which occur
frequently in the manuscripts named there. It is

1
In the texts from Nu and has been transcribed as when takes
Nebseny & a s a it
the place of that determinative.
x THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

assumed, therefore, that in the said manuscripts these words always follow
the spellings in the table unless a contrary indication is given in the
apparatus criticus.

(5) The apparatus criticus records all variant spellings except, unless

unavoidably necessary, interchanges of the signs and ^ f^, and <=,\ , [1

and Neither the standard text nor the apparatus criticus records
.

the conventional epithets m^ -hrw and nb im/h which follow the name of
the deceased.

(6) assumed throughout that hieratic manuscripts substitute^ ^


It is
for $, the determinative employed by hieroglyphic manuscripts.
(7) The signs, often meaningless, which are employed in hieratic
manuscripts to fill the space above or below the final sign of a word, are
transcribed in the apparatus criticus as . , \\ ,
or , according to their
appearance in the original.
Signs enclosed within square brackets are restorations by the
(8)
editor. Empty square brackets ],[],[, placed respectively at the beginning,
in the middle, or at the end of a word, indicate that an unknown number of

signs is lost.

r n
(9) enclosing a sign indicate that in the original manuscript it is

not clear.

(10) A
comment enclosed in curved brackets, unless it be stated other-
wise, applies only to the manuscript mentioned immediately before it.
" "
E.g., in the entry wn-i A,B,M,MA ("^ restored) duplicate on page 26
of the text, the statement in brackets refers only to MA.

INTRODUCTORY NOTES AND TRANSLATIONS.

Translations are given only of those texts which are of special interest,
and attention is drawn to their most important features in the Introductory

Notes.
INTRODUCTION. XI

ABBREVIATIONS OF THE TITLES OF PUBLICATIONS.

A.Z. Zeitschrift fur agyptische Sprache und Alter-


tumskunde. 22 vols. Leipzig, 1863
Budge, Hunefer, etc. The Book of the Dead ;
facsimiles of the Papyri
of Hunefer, Anhai, Kerasher, and Netchemet,
with supplementary text from the Papyrus of
Nu. With transcripts, translations, etc., by
E. A. W. Budge. London (British Museum),
1899.

Budge, Text (1898) The Book of the Dead. The Chapters of Coming
Forth by Day. By E. A. W. Budge. (Three
vols.) London, 1898.
Budge, Text (1910) The Book of the Dead. The Chapters of
Coming Forth by Day, or the Theban Recen-
sion of the Book of the Dead. The Egyptian

hieroglyphic text edited from numerous


papyri, by E. A. W. Budge. (Three vols.)
London, 1910.
Budge, Trans. The Book Dead, an English Translation,
of the
etc., by W. Budge. (Three volumes
Sir E. A.

reprinted in one volume.) London, 1923.


Gardiner, Eg. Gramm. Egyptian Grammar. By A. H. Gardiner.
Oxford, 1927.
J.E.A. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. 23 vols.
London (Egypt Exploration Society), 1914
Moll., Pal. Hieratische Palaographie. By G. Moller. (Three
vols.) Leipzig, 1909-1936.
Nav. Das agyptische Todtenbuch der XVIII bis XX
Dyriastie, aus. verschiedenen Urkunden
zusammengestellt und herausgegeben von E.
Naville. (2 Bande und Einleitung.) Berlin,
1886.
P.S.B.A. Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archae-
ology. 40 vols. London, 1879-1918.
CATALOGUE
XIV THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

REGISTER OF ABBREVIATIONS EMPLOYED FOR THE MANUSCRIPTS, IN


ALPHABETICAL ORDER.

:>reviation.
CATALOGUE
Passages described as unidentified will be given in extenso either separately, at the end
with those chapters in subsequent fascicles with which they appear to be
of the work, or
connected.

9900. Hieroglyphic. Length 77 ft. 1\ ins. x height 1 ft. 1^ ins. (23 m. 66 cm. X 34 -3 cm.).
Glazed in 33 sheets. Burton, acquired 1836. Plate I.
A NEBSENY
Book of the Dead for (nbsny) M] with vignettes drawn in black and red. For
AA/WVA
(I
]
(J
] ^I ,

description see under Bibliography.


Date : XVIIIth Dynasty.
Provenance : Memphis (Glzeh or Sakkarah).

Bibliography :
(I) Photographs of the Papyrus of Nebseni in the British Museum. Published by the
Trustees of the British Museum. London, 1876.
(2) A. MASSY Le Papyrus de Nebseni exemplaire hieroglyphique du Livre des Marts
:

conservA au British Museum, traduitpar A. Massy. Gand, 1885.


(3) NAV. :
passim. For description see Einleitung, pp. 48fi.
(4) BUDGE : Text (1898), passim.
Text (IfilO), passim.
,, Trans., passim.
(5) SIR P. LE PAGE RENOUF :The Book of the Dead. Translation and Commentary.
Paris, 1907 (reprinted from the Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology,
1892 onwards), passim.

9901. Hieroglyphic. Length 18 ft. X height 1 ft. 3| ins. (5 m. 48-6 cm. x 39 cm.). Glazed
in 8 sheets. Clot Bey, acquired 1852.
f^n
Book of the Dead for HERP-NEFER (hrw-nfr) [Tl A> I 4sfl
^^ fine coloured vignettes. For
description see under Bibliography.
Date :
Early XlXth Dynasty (reign of Seti I).

Provenance : Thebes.

Bibliography : (1) NAV. :


Einleitung, pp. 59, 60.
'

(2) BUDGE :
Hunefer, etc.

(3) Hymn to Ra' and Chap. CLXXXIII in BUDGE : Text (1898) ; Text (1910) ; Trans.

9903. Hieroglyphic. Length X height 10 ins. (1


See. also 9904. 5ft. 2| ins. m. 58-7 cm. x
Aw 25 -4 cm.). Glazed in 3 sheets. Barker, No. 219 (?), acquired 1833. Plate II. A
Book of the Dead, in good condition, for AST-EM-AKH-BAT (tst-m-fabU) n
il Q
/ i7
lS*w
if, with
/ v

large initial vignette in colour of deceased offering to Osiris, and small vignettes in black line.
The text faces right and reads from right, i.e., is not retrograde. Titles of chapters, etc., are in
red. For further description see under Bibliography.

Date : XXIst Dynasty.


Provenance : Dair al-Bahri (?).
'

r\
"""'
Bibliography : NAV. :
Einleitung, pp. 67, 68 (where, in title of deceased, insert H before wsr,
1 AAAAAA
and translate " Chief of the concubines of Amen-mighty-of-countenance"). Naville has made
use only of the text and vignette of
Chap. CXXIII.
2 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
9904. Hieroglyphic and Hieratic. See also 9903. Length 13J ft. x height (greatest) 12J ins.

(4m. 11 -5 cm. x 31-2 cm.). Glazed in 6 sheets. Barker, No. 217, acquired 1833.
" "
Book of the Dead, in good condition, for the mistress of a house, the musician-priestess of Amen

d | cTT
-
I
AST-EM-AKH-BAT (ist-m-t^-blt)
I

\\
JJ
/

O
- \]/ W,
/
-

5J*0
n/~t

<^
*?

daughter of,

a woman named MAAT-EM-HEBU (mM-m-hbw) *=2?"n


This papyrus was almost certainly intended for the same person as 9903.
- [\
r C)
lb\
_S^ A
8
<=ii
I __
VO^
O 7
, with coloured

The owner's
vignettes.
name is the same, and the style of the large initial vignette identical. The hieroglyphic portion ol
the text is mostly arranged in vertical columns, faces right and is retrograde. Portions, however,
are written in horizontal lines, facing right but retrograde, at top and bottom of papyrus, outside

the ruled frame enclosing the texts and vignettes. The hieratic portion is as follows, (a) 3 pages

of 18, 21, and 18 horizontal lines respectively, varying in measurement from height 9 ins. to

llf ins., and width 8f ins. to 9| ins. (6) Vertical columns (Chap. CXXV, Negative Confession).
(c) Horizontal lines written at top and bottom of papyrus as described above in the case of the

hieroglyphic portion. Titles of chapters, etc., are in red. Contents as follows :

Sheet 1 (hieroglyphic) : Prayer to Osiris, with large vignette of deceased offering to the god. Chap. I
(concluded).

Sheet 2 (hieroglyphic) :
Chaps. I (begun), LVI (with vignette), IX, LXXXIA (with vignette), LXXVII
(with vignette), LXXXIX (fin., with vignette), XXXB (begun, with vignette).

Sheet 3 (hieroglyphic) :
Chaps. XXXB (fin.), LXXXIX (begun), XVII (cont.).
Sheet 4 (hieroglyphic) : Chaps. XVII (begun), LX (with vignette), CXXXVIII (with vignette).
Sheet 4 (hieratic) : CXXV (Introd., begun), VI, LXI.
Chaps.
Sheet 5 (hieratic) :
Chaps. CXXV (Introd., fin.), CXXV (Negative Confession, with vignettes).
Sheet 6 (hieratic) :
Chap. CXXV (Address) Vignette of Judgement, with speech of Thoth (hieroglyphic)
. .

Chap. CXXVI (vignette only).


Date : XXIst Dynasty.
Provenance : Dair al-Bahri (?).

Bibliography : Mentioned (with inaccurate description) in NAV., Einleitung, p. 68.

9948. Hieroglyphic. Length 3 ft. llf ins. x height 8| ins. (1 m. 21 -5 cm. x 21 -6 cm.).
Glazed in 2 sheets. Blacas. Plate X.
" "
Book good condition, for the mistress of a house and musician-priestess of Amen
-
of the Dead, in
" ", r\ jt\ /S
7
%
' ' t
'

*\ j*-i
i I

c==l \ t\ f

sic
=-LJ WAAW H DAU-SU-EN-MUT (dl-sw-n-mwt) @ J, /ww fTf . A\
(^ I cT i AAWA /
| A QT n Wtj <o xi

(variants
of the name occur without A/WWV ;
it is also written
czS>(w (I [I
Q7\www A\ "^jr

and 2=f 1
with vignettes coarsely drawn in black. The text, which is very garbled, faces
'
w i/

right and is retrograde.

Sheet 1 :
Prayer to Osiris, with large initial vignette of deceased offering to him. Chaps. XVII, I (fin.)

Sheet 1: Chap. I (begun).

Along the top of the papyrus (both sheets) run vignettes of Chaps. XVII, XVIII.
Date: XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.
Provenance : Unknown.
CATALOGUE 3

9953. Hay, acquired 1868. 4 sheets.

Consists of two different papyri, A and B.

A. Hieroglyphic. Two large fragments, length 10 ins. x height 8J ins. (25 -3cm. X 20 -8 cm.), ^
and length 10J ins. x height 7J ins. (27 cm. X 18-5 cm.). Glazed in 2 sheets.
"
Book of the Dead for the "inspector" ("$\ ^f )
SU-EM-NEB (sw-m-nb)
ly af and the

" ^~^ ~~~ [ i


mistress of a house ( J) ) PETY (pty) with remains of coloured vignettes.
I] I] J).
The text faces right but is retrograde. The titles of chapters, etc., are in red.

Sheet \ : Chaps. IX, LXXXIA (with vignette).


Sheet 2 :
Chap. CXLIV (with vignette).
Date : XXth Dynasty.
Provenance : Unknown.

B. Hieroglyphic and Hieratic. Large fragments (length of largest 11 \ ins. = 29 cms.).


, Height of papyrus 1 ft. 4J Glazed in 2 sheets. Plate IV.
ins. (41 cm.). Q
" "
Book of the Dead for the chief keeper of the archives of the Lord of the Two Lands
U
n^=q kjY f)m WAAAA ^37 J
KHAY (fry) \ (1 fen, with coloured vignettes.

The text on sheet 1 is in hieroglyphs, that on sheet 2 (except phap. CL) is in hieratic written both
in vertical -columns and horizontal lines. All the text (both hieroglyphic and hieratic) in vertical
columns faces right but is retrograde. Titles of chapters, etc., are in red. Only partly described
by Naville. Contents as follows :

Sheet 1 :
Chap. XV.
Chaps. LXXXVI-LXXXVIII ; LXXXIA.
Fragments of unidentified vignettes.
Sheet 2 :
Chaps. CL (vignettes with legends), CLXXXI (?), CLXXIII (with vignette).
Fragments of two unidentified texts.
Vignettes of Judgement and CXXVI (fragments only).

Date : XXth Dynasty.


Provenance : Unknown.

Bibliography : NAV. :
Einleitung, p. 66.

9957. Hieroglyphic. Fragments of varying size glazed in 11 sheets. Other fragments are
mounted with papyrus No. 9962 t Hay, acquired 1868. 1
Book of the Dead, in poor condition,
showing evidence of burning, for an unnamed person, the spaces
intended for the name having been le.ft blank. It is illustrated with coloured vignettes. The
text faces right and The
is partly retrograde. following chapters and vignettes occur :

II, vignette of XV, XVII, XVIII (with vignettes), XLII, XCII, CXXV
(Negative Confession), CXXV
(Address), CXXXIV (with rubric of CXXX), CXLVI (with remains of a vignette), CXLIX (with
vignettes), CLXXX, and other fragments.
Date : XlXth-XXth Dynasties.

Provenance : Unknown.
4 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
9962. Hieroglyphic. One large fragment (length 7f ins. x height 8| ins. 19-5 cm. X =
22-7 cm.) and other smaller fragments mounted, with fragments of papyri 9955,
9957, on 3 out of the 8 sheets which bear this number. The remaining 5 sheets
consist of fragments of papyri 9955, 9957. Hay, acquired 1868.

Book of the Dead for the scribe HQ USER-1JAT 1=^'/fCn, with coloured vignettes.
(
V I Is)
]
/
(wsr-hit) |

II a* ^ I i

The text faces right but is retrograde. Titles of chapters, etc., are in red. The contents are :

Chapters IB, XCII, CXLVII (with a vignette), CXLIX.


Date : XVIIIth-XIXth Dynasties.

Provenance : Unknown.

9969. Hieroglyphic. Fragments, largest length 5J ins. x height 8J ins. (13-5 cm. x
20-7 cm.), glazed in 1 sheet. Meyrick.
" "
Book of the Dead for the mistress of a house ( )
NEFERTARY (nfrt-try)
'

f x^-li
T
A<=> ft
with coloured vignettes. The text faces right and is Titles of
(1(1 J| , retrograde.

chapters, etc., are in red. The chapters contained in the fragments are :

I, XI (?), XXX (A or B), LXXVII, LXXXIII, LXXXIV with vignette, LXXXV, LXXXVI,
CX (?), CXLVI (?), and unidentified fragments.

Date: XlXth Dynasty.

Provenance : Unknown.

9971, 9972. See under 10466.

9988. Hieroglyphic. Two large fragments, which do not join, (a) Length 9f ins. x height
12| ins. (25 cm. x 32-5 cm.) (b) length 17 ins. x height 8 ins. (44-5 cm. X
;

22-7 cm.). Glazed in 1 sheet. Sams, No. 24, acquired 1834. Plate XI.

Book of the Dead for SHEMS(U) (sms(w) )


n I
_A n and his mother REGT (rgt) W> J\, with
<=

coloured vignettes. Text faces right but is retrograde. The titles of chapters, etc., are in red.

Fragment (a) : Vignette of baboons adoring the sun-disc, which is between the arms of the Western
Mountain. Text of hymn to Amen-Ra'.

Fragment (b) : 1 .
Vignette of Shems and Regt facing left, the former adoring. Continuation of same
text (?).

2. Vignette of Shems and Regt facing right before the shrine of Osiris (the god himself is not preserved),
the former burning incense and pouring'a libation upon an altar of offerings. Text of an offering-

prayer to Osiris.

Date : XlXth-XXth Dynasties.

Provenance : Unknown.
CATALOGUE 5

10013. Length 5 ft. 1 in. x height (greatest) Dins. m. 55 cm. X 22-9 cm.). >
Hieroglyphic. (1
^
Glazed in 3 sheets. Salt, No. 827.
" "
Book of the Dead, in fair condition, for the scribe of the temple of Amen-Raf, king of the gods
^^ ^^ o 1ll/
( $1 MWAA [1
*w"
1 ^S. T *^~~, with coloured
1
") HERU-NEFER Uir-nM
'

\ I la I i I T w\S Q<i^>-
vignettes. The text faces both right and left, and is read from right or left accordingly (i.e., is
not

retrograde). Important parts of the text are divided into columns by red vertical lines instead of
black.

Sheet 1 :
(a) Large initial vignette showing Horus accompanied by Ammut, addressing Osiris who
sits enthroned within a shrine.

(6) Speech of Thoth to Osiris, claiming that deceased is justified (7 lines).


(c) Prayer of deceased to Osiris (9 lines) .

(d) Vignette of Thoth recording the result of the weighing of deceased's heart.
Sheet 2 :
(a) Vignette of the weighing of the heart by Anubis, in presence of the deceased and the

goddess of the West, who has P instead of a head. The two eyes as well as the heart of the
o
Above, a prayer to the goddess of the West (2 lines)
(b)
deceased are in the pan of the scales.

Vignette of Raf-Harakhte enthroned in his barque, sailing upon v


-
J, the symbol of the sky.
.

Beneath the latter is the great serpent Apopis, whose body curves into eight loops.

(c) Hymn to Raf-Harakhte (Chap. XV, 9 lines).

Sheet 3 :
(a) Deceased adoring, before a table of offerings above the scene, the vaulted ;
lid of a
funeral coffer. A short offering-prayer, of which the beginning is obliterated.
(6) Prayer to the deities of the West (11 lines).

(c) Chap. C (= CXXIX) with vignette.

Date : XXIst Dynasty.


Provenance : Unknown.

10014. Hieroglyphic. Length 9 ft. If ins. X height (greatest) 1 ft. 1 in. (2 m. 79-3 cm. x
33 cm.). Glazed in 4 sheets. Barker No. 212, acquired 1833. Plate VI.
"
Book of the Dead, in good condition, for the divine father beloved of the god, the superintendent of 1

"
mysteries in Karnak, the superintendent of the sailors of the barque of the temple of Amen

, .*
* ' ' " f
i

AMEN (<V-i) all , with coloured vignettes. The text faces right but is retrograde.

The titles of chapters, catchwords, etc., are in red. Contents as follows :

Sheet 1 :
Large initial vignette of deceased (holding a ceremonial fan shaped like a paddle) adoring
Osiris ; above, a prayer to Osiris for food-offerings.

Chaps. IX, CLXXXI, CXLVI1I (with vignettes), CXXXVIII (with vignette), LVII (with
vignette), CXLVII (7th portal).
Sheet 2 :
Chaps. CXLVII (lst-6th portals), CXLIV (with vignettes), LXXXIX (with vignette), LIII
and CLXXXVII (with vignette of deceased adoring).

Mf^ __flJSf^iOi]/
"
1
To this is added, in one place, pure of hands in Karnak
"
( ^\ M V M ill
6 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Sheet 3 :
Chap. CXXV (Negative Confession, with vignettes).
Sheet 4 :
Chap. CL ; vignette of Chap. CXLIX (14th lit) ; vignette of Chap. CX (with legends).
Date : XXIst Dynasty.
Provenance : Thebes (probably).

10020. Hieroglyphic. Length 8 ft. 1 If ins. x height 1 ft. 5| ins. (2m. 74 -4 cm. x44-lcm.).
Glazed in 4 sheets. Barker, No. 213, acquired 1833.
"
Book of the Dead, in good condition, for the divine father of Amen-Raf, king of the gods, scribe
of the sacred records of the temple of Amen 1 , superintendent of the treasury of the temple of
Amen, scribe of the treasury of the temple of Amen, chief keeper of the records of the treasury

of the temple of Amen, superintendent of arboriculture


"
(
An |(]<WW\A(]
^ Id ]
Isfc
I

\\-J l/ww* | =f | I

qr-~-. A e^a cm ^ < A i"


1
""! s,-c
n efffi
I

t_J
A/WWi JJ IT CQ-ZI
JWVVVX [I I cp ^
I | 1 '
A '

\\ 7^0
with coloured vignettes, of which the colour has deteriorated in places. The text faces right and
PA-EN-MAAT

reads from right, i.e., is not retrograde. Titles of chapters and catchwords are in red.

Sheet 1 :
Large initial vignette of the deceased adoring Osiris, who is attended by Isis and Nephthys,
with prayer to Osiris for offerings.

Sheet 2 :
Chaps. I (with vignette) ;.
XIII (= CXXI) ; VIII (with vignette) ;
LX with vignette of LIX ;

unknown chap, with title :


"
Chapter of giving clothes to the spirit
"
( <WWA o
ft (Sic)
fwwwIsL^") ^ ;
XXXIII (with vignette); LVI ; LXXXIX ; CXXXVIII ;

CXLVIII (with vignette) ; CXLI ; XXXB (with vignette).


Also the following vignettes :

(a) The deceased paddling a boat on water. This vignette stands next to a vignette (illustrating
Chap. I) showing the funeral boat, containing the mummy, on a sled, and a soul-bird (6/) is shown

flying from the former boat to the funeral one in order to visit the mummy.
. -
(b)'Vignettes
........
of deceased repelling pig and crocodile by the recitation of spells (cp. vignettes of Chaps.
'

xxvnpaprio4^i), xxxi, xxxn).


(
C) Vignettes of Chaps. LXXXI, LXXVIII, LXXXIII, LXXXVI.
Sheet 3 :
(a) Vignettes of Anubis weighing the heart. Speech of Anubis (8 lines).

(b) Vignette, of Chap. CXXVI and address to gods of the underworld '(4 lines).

(c) Chap. CXXV (Negative Confession, with vignettes).


Sheet 4: Vignettes of Chap. CX (with legends) ; Chap. CL ; vignette of Chap. CXLIX (14th lit).

Date: XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.


Provenance : Thebes (probably).

10036. Hieratic. Length 2 ft. Q\ ins. x height 9| ins. (77-5 cm. x 25-1 cm.). Glazed in
1 sheet. Sams, No. 38.

Variant of the temple library (


:
te/r6-priest j"^ [ j
.
CATALOGUE 7

"
Book of the Dead, with very faded text, for the mistress of a house (nbt pr), the musician-priestess
^~<
(Swfj/0 of Amen
"
SHEPSET-NES-MUT-ANKHTA (3p st-ns-mwt-(nM) R r -^-,'\\ $
4Jj ^ j |

(variant 3^s*- J@ \\ T" daughter of the prophet (hm-nir) of Amen-Raf, king of


\
]

T _Jj*o ID/ (1 ) '

v.

^-=. ^ T PI (? o /www
T
'

the gods, JED-KHENSU-AUF-ANKH (dd-hnsw-lw-f-fnh)


W ^ "
1@M
1 /VWW\ T **
0a ,
with a
. CS23 I 1

large partly damaged, showing the deceased offering to Raf-Harakhte-Atum,


initial vignette,

accompanied by a prayer for offerings in hieroglyphic. The hieratic text is in 3 pages '(average
measurement : width 7J ins. x height 8 ins.) of 19, 18, and 14 lines respectively. The titles of

chapters, etc., are black in pages 1-2, but red in page 3.

Contents : Chaps. I (with Supplement), XXIII, LVI, LXI, LXXXIA.


Date : XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.
Provenance : Unknown.

10040. Hieratic. Length 1 ft. 9 ins. x height 9| ins. (54-5 cm. x 24-1 cm.). Glazed in
\|
x

1 sheet. Presented by Col. Howard Vyse.


"
Book of the Dead, in fair condition, for the divine father of Amen " f^j \l\\/ U NES-AMEN
1-WAW )
*-<
-*- fj
1
I" ""!
(ns-imn) with large initial vignette, drawn in black, of the deceased adoring Osiris.
,
w |

,1
(I
] /WWV\
,

Above the vignette is a prayer for offerings in hieroglyphic. The hieratic text is arranged in a page

of 19 lines (width 13| ins. X height 8| ins.) and contains the beginning of Chap. XVII, with the
title and catchwords in red.

Date : XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.


'
Provenance : Unknown.

10064. Hieratic. Length (of continuous portion only) 34 ft. 7 ins. (10 m. 54 cm.) x height
12f ins. (32-4 cm.). Glazed in 20 sheets. Salt Collection. Plate XII.
"
Book

(
of the Dead for
/ j^tOftAAAM
\f
/ AAAAAA
_J (wvwv
F=q
,

7777
A
]
the priest (wfb) and chief captain of the barque of the temple of Amen"
/<?,<?
(0 fem VQig
_Q )>1
ft "7L

1
'CV
^Kv r-rt*. J&.
^f
|_ _J l\ i"""
I

P^
fV \

^ AJWW\ ^f /
)
PA-EN-NEST- w I
I
-^ 1
!

'=

' ~ Tr:~'
D ^
TT
'

=^^=1 ,
D TT
l

TAUY u& c=???=' with


(pi-n-nst-tnoy)
AAAAAA Od tr~3 \\H.\\ (hieratic^,
AAAAAA O \> \>
(hieroglyphic),

coloured vignettes. The document is continuous only up to sheet 13, after which consists of it

fragments. The vignettes are accompanied by explanatory legends in cursive hieroglyphic. The
height of the pages of hieratic text varies from 10 to 1 If ins., and the width from 7$ to 12J ins.
"
Titles of chapters, etc., are in red. The papyrus is dated (sheet 1, line 34) in the fifth year,
the third month, the . . .
day under the Majesty of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt,
" ' ' ' /* =N
Amen-em-apt of the XXIst Dynasty
y f ^
10iiM. Oll^
^^<=>ID I 1W w^n
-"?
r/i^ek
I

V-
V\ (I
1 AAAAAA _Q<^S-
n
(I
1
_
l_
n
-iJI"^)
i^ I
p^>. The chapters which may be identified are as follows :

1
In the mutilated section of the papyrus
(sheets 14-20) the fragments have beea mounted in some
confusion. The portions of text on these sheets, therefore, are simply enumerated as they occur, without
further classification.
THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Sheet 1 :
(a) Chap. CLXXVIII (fin.) and un- Sheet 9 (cont.) XXVII.
identified text. XXVIII.
(b) Chap. CX (vignette with legends) . XI.
(c) Vignette of deceased being lustrated by II.

priests. IV.
XLIII.
Sheet 2 :

Chaps. CLI.s
LXI (second occurrence).
Unidentified text.
VI.
CLXXVII (= BUDGE, Text
V.
(1898). Chaps. CLI (p. 382),
CV with vignette.
CXXXVHA).
XLVII.
CX (text).

CLXXVIII CHI (first occurrence) .

(begun).
CIV with vignette.'
Sheet 3 Chap. CXLIX with vignettes.
XCVI-XCVII with vignette.
Sheet 4 Vignette of Hall of Judgement, con- XCIV.
taining :
CHI (second occurrence) with
(a) Vignette of deceased, with soul (bi) vignette.

perching on his left arm, introduced X.


by Thoth. Above, speeches of Thoth XC.
(5 vertical cols.) and deceased (7 CXXXI.
vertical cols.). CXLI-CXLII (begun).

(b) Chap. CXXV (Negative Confession, with Sheet 10 :


Chaps. XXXVIII A-B (fin.) with
vignettes) .

vignette.
(c) Vignette of soul (b/), standing on a heap LVI.
of offerings, adoring Osiris. Above, XIII.
speech of Osiris (8 vertical cols.). CXXXVIII.
(d) Vignette of Chap. CXXVI.
CXXIII.
Sheet 5 :
Chaps. CLIII (fin.) with vignette.
Unidentified text.
CXXV (Introduction). XII.
CXXV (Address).
LVIII.
Sheet 6 :
Chaps. XXVI. LVII.
CXXXV.
CXXXII.
CLII.
CLXXXIX.
CXLVIII with vignette.
LIII.
CLIHA with vignette.
XCI.
CLIII (begun).
XLIV.
Sheet 7 :
Chaps. CXLV (fin.) with vignettes.
XCIII.
CXLVII with vignettes.
L (A-B).
Sheet 8 :
Chaps. CXLI-CXLII (fin.).
CLXXXVIII.
CXLVI.
CXVII-CXVIII.
CXLV (begun).
XXXIV.
Sheet 9 Chaps. CLXXIX.
LXI (first occurrence). XXXV.
XXXB with vignette. LXXIV.
XXIX. XLV.
CATALOGUE 9

Sheet 10 (cont.) LXIIIA. Sheet 13 :


Chaps. C with vignette.
CLVI. CXXXVIB with vignette.
CLV. CXXXVIA (?) with vignette.
LXXIX. XCVIII with vignette.
LXXV. XCIX with vignette.
LXIIIB.
Sheet 1 1 :
Chaps. CIX with vignette.
VIII.
CXIV with vignette.
XIV.
CII with vignette.
LXXVIII with vignette.
CXIX.
VII.
Sheet 14 :
Chaps. CXXXVIA with vignette.
XXXIX. CXXXIV with vignette.
I.
XLII with vignette.
LXXII.
XLI.
II.
XXXI with vignette.
III.
XXXII with vignette.
XL LXV with vignette.
(= 2nd version, BUDGE,
XCII.
op. cit.,p. 109) with vignette.
LXVIII.
XXXVI with vignette.
XXXIII with vignette. LXIX.
Unidentified text.
XXXVII.
CI.
XXXVIIIB.
LIV.
Sheet 15 :
Chaps. XV (= version in pap. No.

LV. 10094)

XXXVIII A-B cxxx.


(begun).
CXXXVIA.
Sheet 12 :
Chaps. LXXXII with vignette. CXXXIV.
LXXVII with vignette. LXIV
LXXXVI with vignette. CXXXIII with vignette.
LXXXV with vignette. CXXXVIA.
LXXXIII with vignette. Sheet 16 :
Chaps. CLXXXI.
LXXXIV with vignette. LXXIX.
LXXXIA with vignette. XV = NAVILLE XVB. III.
LXXX with vignette. And unidentified fragments.
LXXXVII with vignette. Sheet 17 :
Chaps. XVII.
LXXXVIII with vignette. XVIII.
LXXVI. XXIII-XXVI.
CXV with vignette. XXVIII.
CXVI. CLXXX.
CVIII. CLXXXI.
CXII with vignette. Sheet 18: (a) Vignette of Osiris standing in shrine.
CXIII with vignette. (b) Chaps. XVII.
CIX. XVIII.
CVIII. Sheets 19, 20 : Small fragments, unidentified.

Date : XXIst Dynasty, in 5th year of King Amen-em-apt, i.e., c. 1038 B.C.
Provenance : Thebes (probably).
10 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
10093. Hieratic. Length 4 ft. Of ins. x height 9f ins. (1 m. 24 cm. x 24-5 cm.). Glazed in __>
2 sheets. Anastasi, No. 10. Plate VIII.
^
"
Book of the Dead, in fair condition, for the prophet of Amen-Raf, king of the gods, the royal scribe

of the troops of the entire land "( U'w MAR


6 i-$ vww ft

VL UI
| (

LSJ.VAAAA I =f I I I
I

I =f | |sl *&> I I I I \><=>)


)

PA-DA-MUT (pt-dl-mwt) /< . o^Cx, son of "the divine father (it-ntr) of Amen-Raf, king

of the gods, NES-PAUTY-TAUY " (ns-ptwty-t/wy) _^ /\S r>> , with large initial vignette,

in red and black, of the deceased offering to Osiris. Above the vignette is a prayer for food-offerings
in hieroglyphic. The hieratic text, written in a good, firm hand, is in five pages ;
the average

page measurement is height 7| ins. X width 8 ins. ;


the average number of lines per page is 17.

The text is Chap. XVII, with title in black, but catchwords in red.

Date : XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.

Provenance : Unknown.

10096. Hieratic. Length 4 ft. 7f ins. x height 8 ins. (1 m. 42 cm. x 20-7 cm.). Glazed
in 2 sheets. Plate IX.
"
Book of the Dead, in good condition, for the front priest of Amen-Raf, king of the gods, the divine
" ==^ """^
father of Mut the great, lady of Asheru ( f* (j
1 Ci T I

Q "1
(]
V IAAVWM AAA/WA 1 AAA/VVA I T I ' I I

JED-MUT (dd-mwt)
" "^ \^\ f m hieratic '

\\ O \
i.e., Jd-mwt-iwf-tnti}, son of "the divine fa.ther of Mut" KHENSU-MES
f/wwv\ M^,

(hnsw-ms)
^ I II . On the right, after a blank margin 6 ins. in breadth, is the large initial
fTj
A/WVAA Tl 1 1 I

vignette, very roughly drawn in black, of the deceased offering to Osiris. Above, a short
offering-formula in hieroglyphic. On the left, 3 pages of hieratic text (all in black), of 12, 14

and 4 lines respectively, the average size of the full page being height 6J ins. X width 14} ins.

Contents as follows :

Sheet 1: Chaps.
CXC(^AAJU-j
if
^ |
l_^^C ^A^ to |- 4, (.^ } jr,
4 *.
^A-OcJAQS LV ,

CXLVIII (begun).
^
S//e< 2 :
Chaps. CXLVIII (fin.).'

CXXXV.
IB.

Date : XXIInd Dynasty or later.

Provenance : Unknown.

10281 . Hieratic. Fragments of leather, with average measurement of length 5J ins. x. height

6^ ins. (13-5 cm. x 16-5 cm.). Glazed in 13 sheets. Anastasi, acquired 1839. >
CATALOGUE 11

Book of the Dead, now-so darkened as to be practically illegible, which, perhaps, was originally intended
as a standard text for the use of scribes, but which was later adapted for a person named

NEBfA ?)-MES (nb(-i ?}-ws)


1
vft
S
(
\
=v&vv&
.Sf 2S
?
/
)
For description see under Bibliography,
1

but add, in correction, that Section I of the document contains Chap. XVIII (begun) as well as
Chap. XVII, and that Section II therefore unquestionably followed on Section I.

Date: Early XVIIIth Dynasty (not later than reign of Thothmes III).

Provenance : Unknown.

Bibliography : Published and discussed by A. W. SHORTER in J.E.A ., Vol. XX, pp. 33ff.

10448 Hieratic. Fragments, the largest of which measures, length 1\ ins. X height 6& ins.

(19 cm. x 15-5 cm.). Glazed in 1 sheet. Chester.

Book of the Dead for a musician-priestess (?) of Amen (?.... (I (I W\ *a ....)


\ \ i 1 2i//wwv\ '
(\ ."""'. ,_ ff.

AMENT . . . .
Imnt) ....(I The text is written in a good hand, and consists of
(
I A/WW\ O Jj.
i_[

fragments of two pages, containing Chap. XVII. No words are written in red. The width of

one page is preserved, and measures 7 ins,

Date : XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.


Provenance : Unknown.
/

10466. Hieroglyphic. Fragments, largest length 12 ins. x height 6| ins. (30-5 cm. x

16-2 cm.). Glazed in 21 sheets. Of these, sheets No. 16-21 originally bore the U
numbers 9971, 9972, and are Malcolm papyri.
x II""'. X
Book of the Dead, very fragmentary condition, for "the Ship's Captain" PA-SER
in ( t, j
^^. ^^7
A
$. son of the Judge
(^) QENBTA (frbti)
J] (j ^Sandof
"the

mistress of a house" (nbt pr) ANTA-AREM(A) (cnt-lrm(-i)) (ill J],


and his
^A^^AA U 1 i ,
- fl\_[

wife (?) "the mistress of a house" (nbt pr) HENUT-TAUY \hnwt-ttwy) 5 J).
A fifth

person who finds an isolated mention in the papyrus is "the Royal Scribe" ( I

\ T
MERYUY (mrywy) *^S_ (I [I
*^\
M [I
Wi. The papyrus is illustrated with coloured vignettes, and

the text faces right but is retrograde. Titles of chapters, etc., are in red. The following chapters
and vignettes are represented among the fragments, together with others too fragmentary to

identify. The Chapters are here mentioned in their numerical order :

Vignette of deceased receiving food-offerings ;.. Chaps. VI, vignette of XV, XVII (with a vignette),
XXIII, vignette of XXVI, XXVIII, XXXII (with vignette), LVII (with vignette), LXII (or
LXIIIA ?), LXIV, LXXXIX, XCIX, C, CVIII, CXXV (Introduction, Negative Confession,
Address), CXXX, CXXXVIA (with vignettes of CXXXVI A, CXLII, CXLV (with
B), vignettes),
CXLVIII (with vignettes), CXLIX, CLIII (?), CLIIIA (with vignette), CLIV.
Date : XlXth Dynasty.
Provenance : Unknown,
12 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
10470. Hieroglyphic. Length 78 ft. x height 1 ft. 3 ins. (23 m. 77cm. x 38- 1 cm.). Glazed
in 37 sheets. Acquired 1888.
-

Book of the Dead, in excellent condition, for ANY (my) V\ (I (I M5s, with magnificent coloured

vignettes. For description see Bibliography.

Date : XlXth Dynasty.


Provenance : Thebes.

Bibliography :
(1) The Papyrus of Ani, the Book of the Dead. Facsimile. London (British Museum),
1890.

(2) The Papyrus of Ani, the Book of the Dead. Facsimile. Second edition. London
(BritishMuseum), 1894.
(3) E. A. W. BUDGE The Papyrus of Ani, the Booh of the Dead. The Egyptian Text,
:

with interlinear transliteration, and translation, etc. London (British Museum), 1895.

(4) BUDGE Text (1898), passim.


:

(5) BUDGE Text (1910), passim.


:

(6) E. A. W. BUDGE The Book of the Dead : : The Papyrus of Ani, Scribe and Treasurer
of the Temples of Egypt, about B.C. 1450. (Description, Egyptian text and reduced
coloured facsimile.) 2 vols. London (Philip Lee Warner), 1913.
(7) BUDGE :
Trans., passim.

10471 .
Hieroglyphic. Length 47 ft. 1| ins. x height 14 ins. (14 m. 35 -4 cm.
See also 10473.
X 35 -6 cm.). Glazed in 22 sheets. Acquired 1888. Plate VII.
" "
Book of the Dead, in excellent condition, for the royal scribe and military commander
^ -
/I
( I
(KPl

n,|Si
*\
I i/#
6jt 1

I
\
1 NEKHT (nht)
AAftAAA g?!J
** M
. ffi
and "his sister, his beloved, the musician

-
priestess of Amen, the mistress of a house" V K^=^_ * -fl *wwv\ I

O
(

\& Ci O HM/WVA O |
/ )

o
1
> f\
-Y\
m
THUAU (ti)
Tk (I
v\ JU, with magnificent coloured vignettes. Most of the latter are painted in

a register above the text, and do not always correspond with it in position. The text throughout

(except on sheet 21) faces towards right and reads from right, i.e., is not retrograde. Titles of
chapters, catchwords and rubrics are in red. At the end of the papyrus is a blank section about
5J ins. wide, but the beginning portion of the document is missing, and was probably torn off in

ancient times. For further description see under Bibliography.

Sheet 1 :
Chap. CXLV with vignettes. Sheet 6 :
Chap. LXXII (fin.) with vignette.
I (begun) with vignette. CXXXVIA) (first occurrence)

Sheet 2 :
Chap. I (fin.).
CXXXVIB I with vignettes,

II with vignette. (begun)

XVII (begun) with vignettes.

Sheet 3 : XVII (cont.) with vignettes. Sheet 7 :


Chap. CXXXVIB (first occurrence
fin.).
Sheet 4 :
Chap. XVII (fin.) with vignettes. LXIV (first occurrence) with
XVIII (begun).
vignettes.
Sheet 5 :
Chap. XVIII (fin.) with vignettes of A text with title and vignette
XVII. of Chap. XCI.
LXXII (begun).
IX (begun).
CATALOGUE 13

Sheet 8 :
Chap. IX (fin.) with vignette. Sheet 15 :
Chap. LXXII (fin.).
VIII with vignette?' LXXXIX.
CXVII. LXV (begun).
CXVIII. LXXXIA with vignette.
LX. LXV (fin.).
LXIIIA with vignette. LXXVII with vignette.
XXIII with vignette. LXXXV with vignette.
XXXVIIIA with vignette. CLIIIA (begun) with vignette.
XIII. of Chaps. CLV,
Vignettes
Rubric of Chap. CXXV CLVI.
(Address, begun) with vig-
nette of Chap. CXXVI. Sheet 16: Chap. CLIIIA (cont.).
CLV.
Sheet 9 : CXXV (Address, fin.).
Rubric of Chap.
CLVI.
Chap. CXXXVIA (second occur- )
with vig- V.
CXXXVIB nrence)
ettes. J

LXXX. XCV with vignette.


CIII with vignette.
CXLVIII (vignette of; with
XL with vignette.
legends) .

LXXXII (begun). LXXXVIII with vignette.


XXXVI (second occurrence)
Sheet 10 :
Chap. LXXXII (fin.) with vignette.
with vignette.
CXXV (Address) with vig-
XXXI with vignette.
nette.
XLII (begun).
Sheet 11 :
Chap. CXXV (Negative confession)
with vignettes.
Sheet 17 :
Chap. XLII (cont.).
Sheet 12 :
Chap. CXXV (Introduction) with XLII (in tabular form) with
vignette. vignettes.
XCIX with vignettes. CXLIX (begun) with vig-

Sheet. 13 :
Vignette of Chap. CX with legends.
nettes.

Chap. LXXXIII )
[ with vignettes. Sheet 18 CXLIX with vignettes.
LXXXIV J
:
Chap. (cont.)

LXXXVI (begun).
Sheet 19 :
Chap. CXLIX (fin.) with vignettes.
Sheet 14 :
Chap. LXXXVI (fin.) with vignette. LXIV (second occurrence ;

LXXXVII with vignette. begun) .

XXXVII with vignette.


XXXVI (first occurrence) with Sheet 20 :
Chap. LXIV (second occurrence ; fin.).

vignette. Some vignettes of Chap.


XXXIII. CXLIX (?).
LXXII (begun) with vignette. Chap. CLIA (vignette of funeral

Vignette of Chap. LXXXIX. chamber with texts).

Sheet 21 Chap. : XV
(Hymn to Raf), with fine vignette occupying whole length of sheet, showing
deceased and wife in the garden of a private house, adoring Osiris enthroned, who is attended by >

-^ >T) I 5f (""

the goddess Maat. Behind the two deities, on the extreme left, the arms of a female figure project
-
'< .
. A . -.U J r, \.Q
j
from above a mountain, holding the sun-disc. -E0> IS-

Sheet 22: Blank.


14 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Date :
Early XlXth Dynasty.
Provenance : Thebes (for details see BUDGE : Facsimiles of Egyptian Hieratic Papyri in the British
Museum. 2nd Series (1923), 9).

Bibliography :
(1) Description of papyrus and text of Chap. XV (sheet 21) in BUDGE : Text (1898) ;

Teit (1910). Translation of Chap. XV (sheet 21), and vignettes of Chaps. XXXI, XXXVI,
XXXVII, XL in BUDGE, Trans.
(2) BUDGE: Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection, Vol. I, frontispiece. (Sheet 21,

reproduced in colour.)
" "
(3) S. R. K. GLANVILLE Note on : the Nature and Date of the Papyri of Nakht,
B.M. 10471 and 10473. J.E.A. XIII. 50ff.

10473. Hieroglyphic. See also 10471. Length 4 lOf ins.


ft. x height 14 ins. (1 m. 49-9 cm.
\2/v i] -dl x 35 -6 cm.). Glazed in 3 sheets. Acquired 1888.
Fragmentary Book of the Dead on vellum, for the "royal scribe and military commander"
y p\ ^ < (f,
\ /WWVA 0k ffi

NEKHT
|

with fine coloured vignettes. The main text


*
(~\ ln I Wl '

) (**&') *3\'

faces towards right and reads from right, i.e., is not retrograde. Titles of chapters, etc., are in red.

For description see under Bibliography.


Sheet 1 . Initial vignette of deceased and family adoring Osiris, with text containing address to that
god, and names and titles- of deceased and family.

Sheet 2 :
Chap. XXXB with vignette.
XXVI.
XXXA.
Sheet 3 :
Chap. CXLIV.
CXLVI.
Date : Late XVIIIth Dynasty.
Provenance : Thebes (for details see BUDGE : Facsimiles of Egyptian Hieratic Papyri in the British
Museum. 2nd Series (1923), 9).

S. R. K. GLANVILLE Note on the Nature and Date of the


" B.M.
Bibliography : :
Papyri" of Nakht,
10471 and 10473, J.E.A. XIII. 50ff.

10477. Hieroglyphic. Length 65 ft. 3 ins. x height 1 ft. \\ ins. (19 m. 90 cm. x 34-3 cm.).
Glazed in 30 sheets. Acquired in 1888. Plate III.

Book of the Dead for NU (nnw or nww ?) S) ^/)


with coloured vignettes. For description see
under Bibliography.
Date: XVIIIth Dynasty (probably reign of Amenhetep III).

Provenance : Thebes (Kurnah).

Bibliography :
(1) BUDGE: Hunefer, etc. (description and hieroglyphic transcript of the papyrus).
(2) BUDGE: Text (1898), passim; Text (1910), passim; Trans., passim.
(3) For dating see K. SETHE, A.Z. LXVII, p. 117.

10541. Hieroglyphic. Length 13 ft. 9 ins. x height 13| ins. (4 m. 19 cm. x 34-6 cm.).
TO, Mounted uncut in a single frame. Presented by His Majesty King Edward VII, 1903.
Plate V.
"
Book of the Dead, in excellent condition, for the Lady of the Two Lands ( ),
the Royal
\ c^ <
.,, ./
CATALOGUE 15

. - "Xl
/1 \ /""l /
Attendant (
I
l\

f ),
the Royal Mother
"
NEJEMT ~
(ndmt) ( IVN 9.
^ ]
and
"
the Lord of
\ Yi- / V^^ T mNJ :
T i
'" i h
-^ I

the Two Lands ; the High-priest of Amen; Son of Raf, lord of diadems" HER-HERU-SA-AMEN

(hry-hr-s^mn)
' '

D 1 ,wvw O ^ S H ww* I
.
with coloured

vignettes. Part of the text, which is very corrupt, reads naturally, facing left or right, but the
greater part is retrograde, facing left or right. The titles of chapters, etc., are in red. Other
portions of this papyrus are preserved in the Lpuvre, Paris, and in the museum at Miinich (the
"
Murch " or " Mook " Collection).
The London portion contains :

(1) Hymns to Rar (Chap, XV), with vignettes of Raf-Harakhte, and of Nejemt and Her-Heru
adoring.
(2) Chap. CXXV (Introd.).

(3) Vignette of Judgement Scene.


(4) Chap. CI.
(5) Chap. C.
(6) Vignettes of Chap. XV (deceased pair adoring setting sun ;
adoration of rising sun by apes).

(7) Chap. I with vignettes.

(8) Chap. XVII with vignettes.


Date : XXIst Dynasty, reign of Her-Heru, about 1100 B.C.
Provenance : Thebes. (The royal cache'at Dair al-Bahri, discovered in 1881.)

Bibliography :
(1) A Guide to the Egyptian Collections in the British Museum (1909). Plates I, XLI
(vignettes of Judgement and of Chap. XV).
(2) A General Introductory Guide to the Egyptian Collections in the British Museum

(1930), fig.29 (vignette of Judgement).

(3) A description of the Paris section of the papyrus will be found in E. NAVILLE,
Einleitung, p. 108.
P. PIERRET : Recueil d' inscriptions inedites du Musee fgyptien du Louvre, Vol. II,

pp. 131ff.
(4) Mention of the papyrus of Nejemt is also made by K. WIEDEMANN, Beitrdge zur

agyptischen Geschichte, A.Z., XXIII, p. 83.


G. MASPERO : Les Mamies Roy ales de Deir el-Bahart, pp. 512, 649.
E. NAVILLE : Trois Reines de la XXI e Dynaslie, A.Z. XVI, pp. 29ff.
BUDGE :
Hunefer, etc., p. 45. yjyj
H. GAUTHIER : Livre des Rois, Vol. Ill, pp. 234, 33.6 (where, however, pap. No.
10541 is confused with No. 10490).

10703. Hieratic. Large fragments (length 3 ins. x height 6 ins. = 7-6 cm. x 15-2 cm.), .,

together with smaller fragments, glazed in 1 sheet. Old Collections No. 1450. ^
Book of the Dead for AST
^ TA .Y Portions of 10 lines
(/) J] Jk. J), daughter of . . .

(
T^v . . .

d* \J 1 \ J \ W^ /
of hieratic are preserved. The text is Chap. I, with title in red.

Date : XXIst-XXIInd Dynasties.


Provenance : Unknown.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITIC US
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 19

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY NOTES
An important variant of the title is given by GB which, instead of
" "
Day of burial ", reads First day of burial ". The vignettes of the funeral
procession which usually accompany this text, and the statement, frequently
"
contained in the title, that it is to be recited on the day of burial "," make
itclear that this spell, whatever its original purpose may have been, was

actually recited by the officiant at some stage of the funeral ceremonies.


That the conveying of the mummy to its tomb, the celebration of the
various magical rites and the ifuneral feast attended by the dead person's
relatives, together occupied more than one day is in itself a probability,
" "
and the explicit mention of a first day of burial provides actual evidence
that this was the case, at least when the funeral was carried out on an
elaborate scale.
The supplementary text, which is added on at the end of Chapter I,
is found only in certain of the papyri of the XXIst Dynasty and in
the Saite recension it does not occur in the earlier New Kingdom
;

manuscripts. The only XXIst Dynasty example already published is


that of Papyrus Greenfield, hence the new copy (incomplete) provided
by MA is of interest, and a translation of it is given here. The opening
words continue the subject dealt with at the end of Chapter I proper,
namely the weighing of the deceased's heart and her acquittal before Osiris
and the gods of the Underworld.

TRANSLATION.
According to MA.
. She has been [proved] 1 in many mouths. She has been confronted
. .

with her soul, and it has been found that her conversation upon [earth] 1
was sound.
Behold, she is in [thy presence] 1 O lord of the gods
,
She has reached
!

the [lake] 1 of the Two Truths. She appears gloriously as a god, she shines
as the Ennead which is in the sky. Her footsteps are lifted high in
1
Restored from the version in Pap. Greenfield.
20 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Kher-aha 1 that she may behold august Orion. She proceeds through Nun2
without being turned back. She beholds the lords of the Other World
(Dat). She partakes of the food of the Ennead and sits down with them.
The lector invokes for her the coffin, 3 and she hears the liturgy of offering.
She embarks upon the Neshemt*-\)oa.t without being turned back, her soul
being with its lord.

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri. Hieroglyphic. 10471 GB <

9969 T 6

10541 JB fo,
9903 A Aw
9904 B
9948 M 6

10020 IA
Hieratic. 10064 SA
10036 MA
10703 KB 7

Passages omitted, the omission of which is not noted in the apparatus criticus.

GB. Text ink: w (= Nu 4.49) to Iwnw (= Nu 4.51).


hrw-fy sw to hftyw-f (= Nu 4.53).
wn-i (= Nu 4.55) to %m (= Nu 4.56).
sdm-f (= Nu 5.4) to end.

JB. Text : Wsir (after wndwt-k, = Nu 4.48) to msw (=Nu 4.49).


wppyw (
Nu5.6) to wiwt (= Nu 5.7).
sw (after hsf) to hsw (= Nu 5.8).

1
The ancient Egyptian name of the district called Babylon by the Greeks, now occupied
by Old Cairo.
2
The primeval ocean.
3
I.e., addresses his magical utterances to the mummy lying within its coffin ?

* The sacred barque of Osiris at


Abydos.
5
Only a fragment of text preserved, from mdw to hiyt (Nu 4.51-52).
6
A garbled text. Only a reading here and there has been used.
7
Preserved, in a fragmentary form, only as far as hnf (Nu 4.51).
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 21

A. Text : wn-i (= Nu 4.56) to end.

B. Text : ink to hftyw (=Nu 4.49. For text substituted


seep. 23).
hrw-fy sw to hftyw -f (= Nu 4.53).
wppyw (= Nu 5.6) to wswt (= Nu 5.7).

IA. Title : hrw to prt( = Nu 4.46).


Text : n nswt n nhh ( Nu 4.47).
'hf-n-i
' (= Nu 4.47) to Dhwty (after irw n-i
= Nu
4.53).
hrw n kf ti
(= Nu 5.1)
i stknwyw (= Nu 5.3) to mi' (= Nu 5.8).

SA. Text :
wppyw (= Nu I;
5.6) to wtwt (= Nu 5.7).

Passages written in red.

GB. Title : hrw tpy n krs only (= Nu 4.46).

T. None

JB. Title : n n hit r dfdft only (= Nu 4.46).

A. ,, mdft nt pr m hrw m only (= Nu 4.46).

B. ,, hft-f-m mdft dd mdw in (= Nu


; 4.46).
Text : dd mdw in (= Nu 4.46).
()|)(=Nu5.3).
M. None.

IA. Text: gft\(=Nu 4.46).


,
= Nu 4.47).
SA. Title : kt mdft n irt. . . . fk m-ht (= Nu 4.46).
Text :
frftyw-f (= Nu 4.48).
y (=Nu4.49).

sbiw (= Nu 4.56).

MA. None.

KB. Title :
pr to fh.
Text : dd mdw in (= Nu 4.46).
22 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Nu 4.46-47.

Title.

N.
Tert:[Y)(|]~- (47)

In the following mss. the entire title + dd ? 3


MA ^nJJT KB
mdwin is
JB ^
replaced by variants thus
ra
:
[()]

down
|)
to
A/;

^ MA
; destroyed

d r ^ ' ^
"I *

O
N.
&
"-C3. in B, IA ; SA destroyed down to cfa-n-i.
MA destroyed. (j

Dhwty GB, A ^; JB, B om. ^ ; IA ^ ;


The title from hrw to Wsir is replaced thus :

MA destroyed down to nswt.


B '
-. ra Q c^.?^J => -
i i i i v.
n GB, JB, B om.
SA cy> 1 III o
s^o-.x\sX>\x;<x;<x:.-;xs
ixx
^>^>^>^.;-^>^>^7
- T
fy^
i

etc. (see
/

nswt GB, JB, A, B om. ^ MA, KB ; for .

below).

adds iw ; A adds im ; B, KB om. ^ ;

GB J>7 a
MA om. ^, adds im.
krs GB for (SI, ^ om. tfl
ink MA destroyed; KB prefixes
Wstr GB <s> N. _
(je.

ntr GB, IA ^ JB adds fi'.Bntr


tk GB, B, KB A (
for A )
__ for V ; SA "| ;
(as GB)

A for ^. *
w-Atf GB om. -^ SA om. <=> KB Arf
n B, KB >=> .

; ;

doubtful. gs [-rf^] A om. a Q ; IA om. ^ , adds

prt GB adds w /zw ;


B om. <=
; SA, KB =^1J) ; MA adds ^; KB
destroyed.
dd mdwin N. GB om B inserts ;
^ before N. ;
fhi-n-l JB 0= ;
SA
IA |f "^f
c
N. ; SA ] Wsir N. ; MA ^ for u_o ,
^ doubtful ; KB
ft ['] then destroyed down to hrw (Nu 4.48).

GB, JB 1 =z> n; A (om. ^)),


for IA rty
*
& VJT.D 3,QQS .
Jl ^^
^~** *
IJj '
lor
*
kr, B (^^fe(om. ^); SA <=> ;
A -^ ; B, SA om.

1
The bull is actually the angry type (GARDINER Eg. Grammar, E 2 in sign-list.) :

2 "
Cartouche containing the name the King's mother Ndmt." :

3
This sign, however, is possibly determinative of hrw (in mjf-hrw after name of deceased).
4 Or &, not stroke ?
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRIT1CUS 23

Nu 4.47-49.
A/WWX
O v&
(48) 1 li [>

O 1,

JBom. ;
SA I|U wndwt k GB om. ^ JB ;
T" ;
A^
ze>r GB, B, SA om. ^ ; JB om. ; A B om. o MA ^r!,^,^ 3 ; KB

A om. initial ; B, SA om. genitival "*


-E-tiJ
W >
A-
A ^=5. Rwfl-
-D
j^ d bA U
;A nc
IVi/i ^^^
j
*J-* ("I-*

KB destroyed down to hr-f (Nu 4.50).


MA destroyed.
JB om. i
;

\\
GB om. ^ A om.
after ^
B inserts
SA (3^ restored), MA i|2^^
;
;

|
>-<-<
;

j
.
o A ^ "

^ j] ,Jj
; SA prefixes (|
.

B om. o MA SA destroyed.
ze^" A *T"n ; MA om. "
.

;
\ P ;

m SA destroyed.
hrw GB om. ;
A om. p MA destroyed.
;

Wsir GBom.; JB-^-forj]; A^; B.^. w A om. initial ~~~


; MA
r GB om. JB places it aftr h of hftyw (sic)
; .
msw A ^ for p ; SA, MA ( j doubtful)
hftyw-f GB om. <
JB om. ^, \ , ;
\ for
\ .

for ^ ;
A om. ^, ~^i ior
^ }
E ~~~~i for Nwt JB prefixes ^ ;
A ^ for $ ; SA Q
^ ;
SA (-/restored), MA Q
^f_ ^. only visible ; MA ^ f or
$ .

hrw
MA
GB ^^^l|^^7 hrw; A ; B, JB ^ Q % \
;
A P^^ ; SA
Arz^ D
^ 1 f|
J
SA destroyed down
to Wsir; KB ]
?<
f ^_-^-. JB om. ^, for & A om. \, ;

fr ^} B see above under ink SA


', ;

GB for p ; JB for _p ;
A nw JB om. ;
B see above under ink.
|
; KB | , I ,
. .
Wsir A ^ ;
B see above under ink ; SA
n(y)-wi A om. ;
B

1
The four signs are not clear. Any sign following ?
2
The actual form of this sign in B is pj>).
3
The existence of the t is doubtful. See MA's writing of the word without it on p. 24.
4
Or k ?
24 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nu 4.49-51.

PJ&0)J S

hnriw A ^Q p ^ ; JB as A but om. <=>, Dhwty B om. $ .

*
a; B as A but om. <=>, ^>, j
; SA sw r SA adds [I
;
MA pp.

destroyed down to wndwt.k ;


MA PJU]*--^- Ara> JB, B, SA add dj) ; A ||j) ; MA J.

s&to JB om. ,
& for }$> ;
A --, for { J>, #,, JB adds .

Aj SAj MA add ^ B $.
I) )
^ ;

om. j
;
B } ^
$ MA ]$ -x, ^. for j ;

ft^jw/ JB
om. ^ ;
A om. ^, ^ for ^ ;

^/ A, Bom. MA^.; KB ]*-. ^ M


;
B for ^ ;
,1^^^; SA

destroyed down to mdw ; MA (Q restored)


wndwt-k
~ TB reverses order of N$ and J, ^ , /.
om. ^,.
31
^x for ^ .

om. j;
A d)^^!'^; B om. ^ ;
SA
hrw JB
wd< JB ,;B ; MA .

Hr A om. ;
B ^ ; SA, MA add 3^ ;
KB
i JB o for

B om. =>, insert |) before SA ]|ff ||)


^
; ;

fhi-n-i JB om. ;
A om. j^ ; SA j

C I

MA T i)' KB
^V^[; MA % ""
for l-a; KB fi Jij.

Q.^
n""
^ e Jr
*j| [,
., ,
then destroyed down to mdw.
. , . , ht-sr-wrt
' JB
J om. a ; A, Bfl.^.*^;
idtmw SA <="
Jr.A A, B for => ;
SA ] ; MA 4.^=..
as A >
but om -
^ ^ KB adds ' as A - but

for A -TT 1
xs
\& om> <=' adds ^/^^ ^A Ot
imyt T'\$[ ; JB A (| -fl-
; ; MA
Ar JB adds = MA <_,i ;
.
-fl"|^.
xx? > KB ^ .

rn-k JB om. ; B inserts ^ after ;


SA Iwnw T destroyed; SA, MA add 3^; KB
^ [ , then destroyed down to sm)f. ^^ .

1
Or o ?
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 25

Nu4.51.
v8

Heru-nefer 4.10-11.

Nu 4.51-52.

\\

Divergences from Heru-nefer : Ddw GB, A om. 2nd jj, jj> ; T ] |={ ''

p ]
?
o

GB destroyed down to Ddw


om. ; T JB, B om. 2nd jj
; MA jj^" 1

* .

(before msyi) JB om. O B ; ;


^^ .
Ddw rn-i GB, T, JB, A, B, MA om.
Ddyw GB om. JB \
A ^ for \, adds ;
jj I)
;
Divergences from Nu (cont.) :

^ ; B om. \, ^= for o ,
adds ^ ;
SA wn-i A, B, MA, KB duplicate .

jjjj Q ;
MA jjj^;
KB destroyed down to hn( KB prefixes <=>.

wn-i (Nu4.5l). hryt GBom. |;T'


st GB om. A ^.^; B ;

Ddw GB om. T ] jj=- ;


T
JB
A a for p, adds B ^ ; for 2nd jj
;

SA destroyed ; MA jjj^.
msyi GB S _>._., J]_^" ; TasGBbutom.
^, ^ forJJ; JB as GB but om. ._.

for ^ ;
A as GB but $ for ^, om.
B fe, ^ ^^ I
SA (^ not clear) as
r 1 Wsir GB
but ^\ for ^ ,
om. ;
MA^B _ [e :>j ^"
e
___

GB, JB, B om. 2nd T A om.


idbwy '
GB n >
Prfw jj ;
jj [ ;

2nd |, \ ;
SA g^ MA g o ;
r
^ n
.
adds om.

iwr GB (f|P^ T destroyed down to Ddw


; ',
GB \\"; JB
JB as A but Jf for ^8) ;
A |P^i^ ;
B A om. \\
;
B^ for \\
;
SA after \\

IP
III 1 1] TWV^ "^ IT-^ 1 -
J SA destroyed *
down to Wsir B only ; SA destroyed.
]

(before iikbyt) ;
MA as A but ^\ e for hrw JB, B, SA,MA add <fj)
;
A | ^) .

*m-i GB, JB, A, B, MA om. Wsir GB^;: A ^.


1
Sic, the god-sign being written in hieratic.
26 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Nu 4.52-55.

(ssjx-jLttl^^S
x
6 T_1T fldi

<

\\
(54) ^

r d 11
/WWVA
]
li \\ n iUJ i
A/WVAA

III I i i 7(55) I

hftyw-f GB, JB om.


^
^ ; A, MA om. ^, tftfJB A, IA om. B $ for^^ ;
|
;
^
*>f for
$| B ; for ^ ;
SA destroyed ^ M f!!*^!^!*!; SA MA
'
^- -
^^x
down to Wsir .
_
wn JB^">; A |fe; I A prefixes ^/,
Am -j^/
sw JB J \ "^ ^ si(
. sw ; MA 4Hdl om ** SA, MA prefix -
;
.

sz#.
^te>2 GB ^f^, Q
_p ; JB inserts n
R JB
C
^ j
;
A o^f) ; MA [^,] ^. before ^, om. ^ ;
A
1] (j

om. 2nd o
r
;
B om.
n JB om. A Jj^. LA reverses order of om.
;
_p ;
^n ,
p, j
;

Dhwty JB \\ i
(sic) for ty ;
A om. ^ .
SA, MA om. \, 2nd ^, |.

smif MA Pp. w B,IA,MAom.


hrw A om. ^ MA ;
j
.
-
if GB, IA om. t-fl; JB, A insert o after ",

PFsir A ^ N. om. LJ ;
B inserts \ after
(|
; SA 5
^
A/i!yw / JB om. ^ ;
A <~-
J77
-*-
; SA for t-J ;
MA ^ for t_J .

nf_
0>1-vf
"^T; MA om. ^, >< for ^. wrdw- GB om. ^p, |(l ; JB om. _p,
m ;

hrw-fy GB J^; JB inserts _p after J ;


A ^1 for i^,
om. ^ ;
B <=> '^'^ ",
s
IA
B^L-fl^; SA-^f^; MA 4=^. ^^i; SA, MA. 'f ^^^i^-
Irw n-i GB reverses order of j> and ~~~ ;
-ib GB, JB, B, IA ,
; SA, MA '^. 'O 1

JB _p "^ ;
SA \\ for ^ ;
MA ^^"^ (]
. siif/ JB prefixes , ,
'_.
.,i c for =, om. 1 1 1
;

Dhwty GB, JB, A, B om. ^ . A om. jj^,


^ i
for '
;
B om. ; IA bm.
wn-i A, B, M, MA (^ restored) duplicate _^, >
;
SA ^ for ==, om. HI ; MA
;
SA as A but inserts \\ above ^ .
r-^- D ^^ %$$
l
.

Hr JB adds ^ ; A, B, M ^ ;
IA (sic), nn A om. TV ; IA om.
SA, MA add j^ .
'

sStryw GB, JB om. => ;


A om. ^, \, <;
hrw JB Jp^ pO; M ^op' ;
SA adds ;
B om. cm, (j(j,
inserts x before =; IA
MA [e ,]. om. ; SA om. ^ MA ; (-~ restored) om.
hbs GB, JB, B, IA om. t- ; A, SA' (^ for *, \ I]
.

c
t-a) S for "^jf ;
M om. jf'^J ;
MA |f^j jR/'S^ GM om. ^ JB ;
i
for
\; A, B, IA,
for
c
jf LJ .
SA, MA oo for % om. ,
i M .

1
Traces of the J are visible.
27
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS

Nu 4.55-56.

cr^a
\\ (56)

1
wi JB, B duplicate ,
om. ^ ; SA, MA dr A inserts e before t-o ; B, IA insert x

duplicate .
before u ; SA, MA ^ for a .

hnf JB, MA prefix <=> .


sbiw JB )^j for | ^; A om. ^, ~-f for

Hr JB adds $ ; A, B ^ ;
IA (sic), SA, MA i
;
B p JV^ |
;
IA (|
for \, ^ for ||> ;

-f f or
| ^ MA
; p [ .

m w. m JB om.
tfm (Shm) JB for
^ S1 c
'

^ A om.
rf-to JB om. =, \\ for ^ ; A, LA om. ==; ;

and
;

B as above IA reverses order


B om. =, \ for \ ;
SA f^ ;
MA
om. ; SA,
;

MA restored) as
(
of

above.
-,

wn-i JB, B, MA duplicate A ;


f^. J^
k(h JB, A, B, IA, MA om. ;
SA ?
$ for ' ? .

JI^ ,
end of chap. ;
SA duplicates ,

pwy B, MA om.
lib JB inserts \\ before >-& ;
B inserts ^
inserts \\ over ^ .

hn( JB Ujsic for .

before -&.
Hr B^; A I (sic), SA, MA add %.
Wsir A, LA ^ ;
MA [c=s] r==, (f\ , ^ .

hrw f SA om.
JB ;

imy
SA om.
JB, MA -{}-|^ ; A, IA Ij-jj-
;
B -j}-^
e
^ ;
M GB, IA om. SA ;
^ (or ^ ?) ; MA
(j
.

m-
#w (Sw) JB ^> ^ for ^ ; A, IA e for hbw GB, MA om. \, o for m ; JB om.
^ ;
B reverses order of
1
and , adds ;
\> ' ' '
;
B Jj *o ; IA ^ ;
SA o
inserts

sA.MA-rfc;*. before HI.

i B om. ;
SA nw Wsir GB, B (Wsir spelt ^), IA (Wsir

JB*for%*; B^$; IA ^ ,-d \\ !

as B), SA for ;
MA w
* JB, IA, MA om.
JB, A om. Q ;
IA -|- ;
SA ^ for ^, irt JB, IA <s> MA ;
^ N (or ^
om.

JB ^ o ;
IA spelt as in Nu.

1 The same hieratic sign is used for both -- and . See MOLL., Pal. II, 111 and 545.
28 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nu 4.57-5.2.

(57) i|0 O v& /*?


Cl/ Ill <c=^gl i -J

(5-1)
^ '

I
VQi IVJfff: O _>
-n

>'"
Q/\/]

GBom. ;
JB-[j-^
?
;
MA destroyed. tdw GB f J ^ ; JB f for f ; B om. \,
#r GB, JB om. ;
B $ ;
IA ? ;
SA o^ ; adds *&> ; IA, MA f for f, om. ^ ;
SA
MA Qo^.
GB om. "^ B after the 6 strokes has ; Jr$ om.

7^0; IA om. 0; SA, MA insert \


n B om.
ki GB om. |,
adds ; JB ^ ;
B prefixes
MA om.
dnit GB dntt (om. Ij
,
<

f
7
) ^ ; JB
ti
;

GB.BT;"; JB
|
.

SA.MA^.
reverses order of
l|
and o, om. ^7 ;
B ;

O ink B spelt as in Nu.


IA om. SA
MA <=nwp<37
;

^ GB om. 2nd j^ B om. ^=^ adds ^


^' ; t ;

j;
adds^.
r 4
'

IAfT^>; SA ^ --; MA^ o [


?
.

Bom. GB om. ,
^^ ; JB 77T
S* C B
g'^p^l; IA om. SA^p^TrTl
wtb GB, IA ft ; B, SA om. $ .

MA ITTT-
;

Ddw JB o B JIM
" GB, IA om. \ ; for
under -- om
SA om. ^, adds 3^; MA Ri-stiw GB, JB insert '
,
duplicates fj ;

B, IA ^ for %, om. " "


;
SA "7

;
SA
for MA om.
B sP elt as in Nu IA om ^
'

^^ C| (j
;
|
.

B prefixes <=>, om. *** GE ^' J B om B


JB om.
'

imy- ;
Ij
;
IA-|- j

SA, MA om. I]
.

-# GB ./] ; JB om. ;
B ^j^, u ^ ; IA hU GE
IJ^; JB om. ^ ;
B f J ^ ;

IA
2^ SA for ;
j
.

iwA B spelt as in Nu. bi GB ^'; JB ^'; IA om. "


;

GB, JB, B, IA, SA, MA om. MA 2


ink (sic) SA, V^-
hm-ntr GB, JB om. B, IA om. "^ "
; . m B, MA ^=^ .

n MA V. GBjjflo; JB, SAefor^; B, lAom. .

1
Not clear ;
any vertical stroke under this sign ?
2
Doubtful in MA.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 29

Nu 5.2-4.

D
(3)

A
ir
I I I

(4) A/VWNA II

B spelt as in Nu. hrw JB ra


po ;
IA ,
.

sm B, IA, SA insert o before ^ . n GB, JB, B, IA, MA om.


M.f GB \ ^^ 1- 1
; JB as GB, but \\ for ^ , hbs GB eJS ; JB Jt-J> B f or ^= ;
^ ;

== for i
;
B HTC7T IA I
as GB but D IA H 1
for ^= :
3
SA r : for *= MA ;

for$; SAl^iJC; MA ^H^-.


^w^ GB om. ^ ;
B spelt as in Nu IA [^Lj ;
. tt GB, SA 7^ ; JB ;
B , ^ ;
IA
wr-hrp (w)-hmwl GB om. "^ JB f for ^ ;
tc
; MA see above under hbs (n
2
).

BT^.for^; lAom. ;
SA Nn-nswt B duplicates 1st ,
\\ for

IA inserts ^ before a ;
MA as Nu, but
to be restored.

GB,B, IA, SA, MA om. JB <=>. ; <


B^.
JB a for a-o B, MA om. IA ^;
; ;
stknwyw GB ^ for
op ; JB om. <=
o,
SA & for ao . transfers p to after 2nd (j
;
B inserts

GB ^T^ ; JB ^ for ^ B -x ; after = ; M inserts after Q, om.


for ^ ,
^ for ^ ;
IA ^ for ^ ^ SA ;
^ n.; SAom. 0^; MA p[.

for^ ;
MA|[. ; JB %L ;
B 1,7, ;
M
hr GB v sic ;
MAom. ^.
GB om. ,
|
; JB ^
^T for "^~ ;
SA om. ,
"7" for f$ ;
MA for , om. -; M ^ SA

ink B spelt as in Nu. GB


Ssp B, IA om. ;
SA e
^ for t-J ;
MA ^ B
r GB-rfifor B N. j] ;
^
fibsyt GB ej^ JB ; adds *
;
B adds L_a ; B om. SA p^ _^ MA ; ;

IA om. Q ;
SA om. ^ ,
adds ^ ',
MA -i GB ^ for %. ; JB ^,^ ;
B
om. ;
SA^.^; MAWsirN.
1
Probably no sign here.
2
Read S?
30 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nu 5.4-6.

I I I
n
W I I I I

I I I .11 A I El
^ I

A/WW\
n
U ^wwv
v
&o -J i

I I I A Q II
w ((^^ _/J
|

I /www

C" Jl
(6) JL_o >\\

111

hn' -in B hn( f .


4b}w B^ljlj,^; SA^Ijl]?; MA ^.
\
, end of fr JB 6 B reverses order of ^ and
;
MA ;

chap. ;
B spelt as in Nu.
as Nu but f^j to be restored.

JB om. ;
B <*>) SA ^."7- ;
hnkt JB 5 ;
B Koi
-

s( c .

MA ^ ^ JB ^' B %'^j SA %*'^; MA


'

O
K SI C .
biw ; ;

mi JB om. om. &.

sdm -in JB ^.\\ 7TT J sJ^ ^ j SA, WMto JB om. .ft.j ;


B Q for p ;
SA
MA A 77?

mti-f JB ^1^-^; B SA B c^> sic .

B spelt as in Nu.
di ^ n J B ~^TTT B om. SA
mn -in JB j ^ ^ ; B, MA asJB but insert .' ;

J Eom -^' B om.; SA


f before ;
SA as JB but inserts ^ *' *"&

MA as SA but om. e .
5

before Q.

MA om. B om. for


SA
f/ff-/ JB, n; ,

<
SA om tr-wy JB transfers J^>
\\ to after 2nd O;

mi SA om. B <=>Hf\o> SA as B, but om. I),


" for

rf -ft JB, B, MA om. -,


o for = ; SA om. 2nd G MA om \ w
-'
-

n SA om
Aws-/ B for *~ ;
SA ^_^T MA ^ ;
-

hms-tn SA, MA ^ for ^5).


WsirN.
i JB, SA, MA ^) B D ; om. hnf -in JB reverses order of *== and ~>~ .

1
This sign is doubtful in MA.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 31

Nu 5.6-9.
iiiiiiin
x I

. Vfl&llk
I JJ /WWV\ 1 I LL n n ]
I Py^N* VVWVA MI
r^ X
/WWVA
'1
J (7)'
V '\% --7T -*-.
i

I
J
AftAAAA
I I I Olll

/wwv\ V\ O '33
i i i _J5f^.vww\ I I I

J\
(8) o D i AA/WAA /WVAAA

i JB, B, SA, MA (j|fj)


.
^-/ B, MA -s for /.

wnnyw JB om. UJ ;
B ^; ;
SA om.
fop B adds j
.

MA pm. 2nd
2nd. ,
I
; ,
Wsir JB adds ss>\ B ^ ; SA
wiwt JB /*? ; B, SA, MA for <
MI.
w JB .

wppyw MA ^||J- (j|j)


SA MA
hsf JB ;

jwiwze' MA jj^J; EM'


6/tei MA om. fe .

MA om.
mrihw MA ^^..^
, , Snf B JL; SA
wnirftn MA om. jandir/.
, _,., J , ,

,, sw MA om.
wiwt MA tor MI.
,
. ,.

f
* -/ B MA sfor
'

wpirftn JBYH1: B^11 X ^ I^TTT; ' -/:

om.; MA & H J T
wiSwie- JB e= for o, om. ]^ B Jl ;
for ** ;

SA Tg for ^ om. fff ;


MA.
Cb
J
[_. -J -<^>-
^r-/ JB ^ (sic)

.-
for c-3 ; B,
T\
MA -s for /.
TV

,in i j=j. wrw JB om. gj) ;


B om. _p ;
SA om. _p ,

N.; SAV^^i MAV^^rN. a(Ms .

MA^^^l.
hn'-tn

r./
JB^ for-; MA om.
JB *&; B, MA 7^; SA
^ for <
^-
JB
-
;
^_
MA om.
(ifc); B ., for .
/; SA
-

T ^ A
.

JB^; B adds=; SA adds J^l,;


w JB, SA om.
TR '*-'- A R c=5
is ^^
c=> '

iJi-
" ^A
;A a<; TR
as
MA om.
Jo ^ |-" ,
\
. jx>,

but inserts before 2nd ^ om. A ;


*r-w JB inserts * before ^> ;'
IA <=- ;
SA
32 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nu 5.9.

Ckl r.
JB (sfe i) ;
B ^ for *
;
SA gm B adds ^ ; SAadds^; MA adds,
i^*^; MA toY^. wn-t B, MA -s for -i ; SA -/for -f.

JB adds *&*, end of chap. ; B, IA ^. iw B 1||^ ;


IA ^^ x
; SA, MA om.
Swn-i B gp c^3,~~~ N. lAom. -^ w/w B "H ^ IA
_ c_/^ ; ;
j^. "j^. "1 ^^ ll)^i ==s= >

SA om. ^, adds Wsir N. ;


MA om. ^", Om. ; SA "JU^ for 1^1; MA^]^^ for ffl.

B P ^^ I \
% ; IA om. ; MA om. (|
.

B s; IA om. ^ ; SA om. ;
MA w IA om.
l(\/\/3 .ft!^ QQ sp-i B -s for *, adds ^, ;
SA "^ for < :

n B, IA, SA, MA MA 1
for -i.

1
The signs of this word are arranged thus in the vertical column.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 33

CHAPTER I

SUPPLEMENT
MA continues
Ill III?

D
^1-
D
o

i
;1VK F=^:fe>'K
r-^i
L/wwwJ

Q A/WW\ ft /WW\A ~l
p ra 10
A , Q I I I I I J AAAAAA

"

I I n Dl RfAp ^^v^P

i L
34 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER IB

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri. Hieroglyphic 9962 R 1

Hieratic 10096 VA

VA2, cols. 1.14-2.4.

rn

AAAAAA
VA (contd.) I 31
II
o

R -> N.

(contd.) N. (2.1.)

R (contd).

AAAAAA B \\ ^\ T T
VA (contd.)
Ti

T
I
i
ro
vji
-
i6V
1
^.
fl T
i
I
i

R i
4-4-
n
(contd.) T LT J
VA (contd.) o\\ fAAAAA

j^rf3 AAAAAA \\
("I
I J.G
111 I I III o\\

(2)

D I

|
^1
AAAAAA IU^ &
\\ I SlC J-c-fa F

\\ AAAAAA I U I I I I

1
A fragment, preserving a few words only, down to hfiw.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS

VA (contd.)

.-te-
(3)
V '
\\

"
-t \~-r- J
_ -^
7
'

ffl \\

ill o\\
/WVW\ l\ f^ A/WW\ [

I I I o \\ I I I

* end of text.
36 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER II

INTRODUCTORY NOTES
"
Le Page Renouf 1 understood the solitary being who shines as
"
(i.e., in the capacity of) the moon to be the sun-god, and deduced from
this and other passages that the Egyptians had forestalled the discovery
of the Greek astronomers that the moon's light is borrowed from the sun.
In spite of the improbability of such a discovery on the part of the
Egyptians, and of the unconvincing nature of the arguments advanced
by him, Renouf 's interpretation of this passage would seem to find confirma-
tion in the variants of certain Twenty-first Dynasty papyri, which actually
" "
read Ra' who shines as the moon in the second of the two invocations.
This apparent confirmation is carried still further by pap. GB of
the Nineteenth Dynasty (translated below), which not only reads
"
O Ra', etc." in the first invocation, but in the title explicitly designates
"
the chapter as an adoration" of Ra", inserts a further statement to this
effect at the beginning of the text itself, and illustrates it with a vignette

showing the dead person worshipping the sun-god in hawk-headed form.


In view, however, of the fact that there is not a particle of evidence that
either the Egyptian or Mesopotamian observers arrived (or were able to
arrive) at the conclusion that the moon's light was supplied by the sun,
Renouf's explanation of Chapter II on an astronomical basis must be
rejected, but mythologically it may be regarded as sound, and amply
supported by the version of GB. We have then either a reference to the
very ancient conception of the sky- or sun-god with two eyes, the sun and
moon, through both of which he may be said to shine, or else the hidden
sun of night is thought of as shining dimly through the moon in some
mysterious manner. The conclusion, however, that such was the original
meaning of the chapter should be received with some caution, since the
corruption and misunderstanding of texts which prevailed in the Book of
the Dead make it also possible that the occasional reading of R' for w'
arose simply out of a scribal confusion of the two words, which are very
similar. The next stage in alteration would be the addition of a solar title

1
P.S.B.A. VI, 131, 132 ; XVII, 37, 38.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 37

and vignette such as those found in GB, a process which may be paralleled
in the case of other chapters. 1

TRANSLATION
According to GB.

Title :
Spell for adoring Ra'.

Text : Recitation by N. He says I adore Ra' when he rises in the


: :

eastern horizon of the sky. Ra' who rises as the moon !

solitary being who shines as the moon I come forth among !

thy multitude.
2 The Other World (dat] is opened. Lo, I am
come forth by day to do whatever I desire !

i
Nos. Abbreviations.
Papyri Hieroglyphic 10471 GB
9957 P3
Hieratic 10064 SA"
(first version)
10064 SA*
(second version)

Passages omitted, the omission of which is not noted in the apparatus criticus

GB. Title : m hrw to mt (= Nu 13.30).


Text :
twy to shw (= Nu 13.32).

Passages written in red :

GB. Title : nn dw).

SA". Title : n tomt (= Nu 13.30).


Text : dd mdw in (= Nu 13.30).
SA 6
. Title :
ky n n pr m hrw [ (= Nu 13.30).

1 See K. SETHE, Die Totenliteratur der alien Agypter, 18, especially note 2.
2
I.e., the multitude of stars covering the night-sky.
3
Only four words preserved, i wf psd m (= Nu 13.31).
38 THE BOOK (PRT)-M-HRW

Nu 13.30-33.

Title: ^T O

Text: N -

I .Mr?
n
N.
^|^ (32)

cm
N. (33) O
i

n n SAb prefixes fp. pr N. GB om. N. ;


SAa <=--

prt GB *^ ^|| ;
SA a SA b om.
,
<= . rSft-k GB ff^; SA a
^^
SA n SAb J^f
,
*.
to-y SAa SAb o e ,
!] [)
.

SA a adds ^ ;
SAb destroyed down to N. y mty SA a om Q
^
_

SAa om. o .

wAf ^ SA a e M _ .
s/
5A
a
^ f or .
a b
imyw SA SA om. ,

ddmdwin SAa ^\|, ,,^.


r

~ K
SA a
^^L^h SA b and
N. GB N. ^jji i Ji o
then destroyed down to pr.
!l iym o t=i '
'-''

wr SA SA om |
GB x
;
a
,
b
.
drf GB om. \. ; SAa ; \
*

b
wbn SAa SA o^-for |. , ist N. GB !|P<^^^; SA a

ith. GB om. a,
-
for <^; SAa SA b reverse, N. ^ .

order of -^ and |
.

pf G B adds ;
SAb as Nu, but to be
a b
I GB, P, SA H|); SA l|[,
and then
restored.
down to f Sit k.
destroyed
M SAa inserts <=> before o ;
SAb
w< GB, P om. ^ .
a b
wrrt-/ GB om. |)^ SA SA ^
GB om. X ;
P o for $ ; SAa o^ for
; ,

a
SA , , 7^; SA* nbt hr-tp ti.

b
fh GB 08>
1 A ;
SA a reverses order of * w GBom.; SA om. 2nd
b
and|. rnhw GBom.; SA -f-7"[.

1
In SA b the upright stroke is to be restored.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 39

CHAPTER III

No Abbreviation.
Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA 14, cols. 2.32-3.3.


*

. .
.]
N. (33) ,;, [m wr hnhnw ih m

N. [m imy kib'sn, ir n -f wd-mdw n ist R( m] 1 f R- 1

(col. 3.1) r|-


k N.

N -

/V/VAAAA

f I I I

(3)

1
Restoration from Nu. The lacuna in SA gives ample room for these words.
2 A trace of the god-sign is preserved.
40 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER IV

No. Abbreviation.
Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA9, col. 2.11-13.


I X
(12) 1 N.
J\ I ! 1

(13) x
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 41

CHAPTER V

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri Hieroglyphic 10471 GB


Hieratic 10064 SA

Passages written in red :

GB. Title : the whole of it.

Text : dd mdw in (= Nu 21.59).

SA. Title : all (so far as preserved) except \ which is in black.


Text : dd mdw in (=Nu 21.59).

Nu 21.59-60.

Title:
^ &
LJ'
^F31 - oa I I I

Text :
V) 11 I
1
AAAAAA
N -
(60) ''
s*
_--

MI

tm SA st GB om.
rdtt GB ^^ JI
;
SA , then destroyed ?myz0 GB :^[1]-
down to m krt-ntr. pr GB adds ;
SA as Nu, but to be

forf GB om. 77?' a(ids ^ . restored.

dd mdw in SA ^ |
'

j
in. Wnw GB om *
(sic) .

N. GB adds ^^- ;
SA prefixes Wsir. <nhGB adds >

;
SA adds _!,.
wdc GB^^S; SA -l3l
?
[.
then p; SA JPT?-
destroyed down to ^>r.
fr GB 3i ;
SA ~r
42 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER VI

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri Hieroglyphic 10466 1


U
Hieratic 9904 B
10064 SA

Passages written in red :

U. None.

B. Title : rt nrdit iry (=Nu 21.56).

Text : dd mdw (=Nu 21.56).


^ (= Nu 21.57).
SA. Title : the whole of it, except "j
in hrt-ntr.
Text :
[dd md]w in.

Nu 21.56-57.

Title: ^
:

n U destroyed down to (^-s,) i


Siwibty. N. B, SA Wsir N.
B (not
B adds
clear),

e .
SA n for a-j .
^ u prefixes ^ ;
B ^ ;
SA I)

B a
\\
5)2 S)2
Cl
.

;
SA
\\ r
u. SA= for ^
Jl

B <^ U, B adds
\forf); SA
; .

ir U adds \\ .

* B ^ J , | ,
in ; SA ] |
in. ip'tw U adds ^ ^^ ^ ; SA lj[.

1
Preserves only a few fragments of text.
2
See MOLL., Pal. II, 10, with note 1.

3
With uraeus on forehead ? Or N}? See note 2 above.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 43

Nu 21.57-59

N. j _j

A
1 1
(58)
V
'Mil
^ I)
i i i

I
AAAAAA
i
31 I HAAAAA

IWNAAA ~-rt><' I \N I O .ft.

III (59)

N. U om. W^rfr ;
B adds SA nb B, SA add .

ir-tw B ^^\ 777' SA as Nu (? or with <=>

r U destroyed down to ist. for a?).


Irt

kit
B
B,
^
SA \
; SA
for |)
adds

.
\\ .
w/
snZ B,
B prefixes J^.,

SA pe^ffv^.
om. <- ;
SA om. *~- .

shwt B inserts "


after = ;
SA J1J1J) [ ,
and then
Int Bl|H||for. destroyed down to smht.

ist U [ I] P]
Q
p ;
B inserts @ after <=
; SA
P[ ,
and then destroyed down to sdb. B I e I
; SA as B but om.
~
,
(j

hw n-f U om. e, for <


;
B J^^|. 11-
s^& U P^J-^i; B 3^; SA ]%*. Ai B J^, g^es^^ SA ^ for a. ;

im U rest of chap destroyed B om. ; ; SA ( B "^Ij ^, SA inserts ^ after


t) |
,'
.

duplicates ^, . iwtf SA for 2nd <=


, adds j
.

r B ;
SAom. n B, SA<=>.
rtyt j B adds J5^ ^ Qh YT^ T ^ ^ 00 TT? >
SA ifott oA tor ^nd ^ .

s "'
adds ^.^r3, x^, l
e
^ alTTT- iryi B, SAom.
iptwr-k Btj^-ff; SA HJLgTTf. wft w B, SA insert ^ before ^ .

nw SA adds >

(after o). ki-k B, SA 77^ for -A.


44 THE BOOK PR(T}-M-HRW

CHAPTER VII

No. Abbreviation.
Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA. 11, col. 1.30-33.

Title lost.

[dd mdw in fj QJ3 N. [i w mnh m it m


,-JU.

H I *
b^^
>\lV/\;\'M\
[
m
f
e
=a - o
1 n
J (j
1 AAA^AA AAAAAA

P \nwnw, iw mkt'i m ntrw nbw dt, ink sstf rn, dsr st r]


1

ip'i wdi'kwi sp sn.] 1


\\

1
Supplied from Nu 22.35-39. The lacuna in SA gives ample space for these words.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 45

CHAPTER VIII

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri Hieroglyphic 10471 GB


9903 A
10020 IA
Hieratic 10064 SA
Passages omitted, the omission of which is not noted in the apparatus criticus
GB omits sd wi irt Hr (= Nu 13.1) .

IA omits nn wnn-i im (=Nu 13.2).


SA omits wn n-i Wnw (= Nu 13.1).
Passages written in red
!

GB. Title : the whole of it. i

A. Title : n n wb}.
Text : dd mdw in.
LA. Title : the whole of it. = Nu 12.57.
Text : dd mdw in.
SA. Title : all that is preserved.
Text '
dd mdw in.
Nu 12.57-13.1.

Title: i
o
i AAAAAA

itimiiF MMM*
Text: 1
\AAAA
N. (13.1)
*
'

n n SA destroyed down to imnt. wn n-i A, IA om. $ .

wbi GB f J ;
A f%>; IA f\J.
Imnt GB, A, IA duplicate ^ ; SA inserts htm GB inserts _g>
after |^. ;
IA om. |^, ,

before c^a.. SA [, and then destroyed down to

m A, IA prefix S. ikr.

hrw IA o. tp-i A, IA om. "^.


dd mdw SA ^ i , ', , Dhwty GB ^ ;
A %> * ;
IA ^' ^ .

N. GB adds ^^; A N. ; SA Wsir- ikr GB om. | ; A, IA, SA (I) restored) insert

N. o before
46 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nu 13.1-3.
<5>-
I O I

i ,,

/WVAAA 1
/WWAA \\ I I I I

1 I I i

Hr A 55 ; I A (sic), SA add J^. wnn GB adds *$ ;


IA om. 2nd SA
sd wi A ^p ;
IA 2g| ; SA ^e ^j adds \\ .

e"^. im GB, lAom.


M IA as Nu, but the "
is a correction over mt A, SA -"-.

original
@ . wnn -I SA inserts before "^.
Hr A ^ ; I A (sic), SA add 3^. im A om.
//rf GB om. o ;
A "^ only ;
IA inserts Swtv A IA I J) SA f}
1
&
1
after^ ' SA m ^'-

^ .
^ <my A q-H- ; IA -fl- ^ ; SA
(

i 11
*
a == /
s c
== ft GB adds ;
I A x^ T ^
sA r?-
cm 'c^ \\ O i <= S Q .

R' GB | SA om.
^^
'
.
;

k,
c
X/ 53
^ ? end of chap.
GB om. ^ A, IA ^_.
itf

T^r GB-c^for A, IA
;

j] ;
^ ;
SA]]^^.
i GB J|_ for ^ ; SA ^ f 9r
$ .

fA'' GB prefixes ", om. ^ .

pw GB, A, IA add I) Ij ;
SA adds ( (|
^1,.
ir-k SA om. .

nn GB duplicates ; A, IA om. ; SA (]

Hi and then destroyed down to n-j '.


Hr GB adds ^ ;
A ^ ;
SA adds 3^,

A A tw GE^\ A, SAom.
imnty GB, ^^ ;
I om. .
;

Wsir GB ^4 for j]; A, IA^. m-m A om. 2nd 1v ; SA om.

rrf SA ]<-. frfw GB adds ^ |


fm Aadds-^; SA adds .: SA111[.

1
In the actual MS. the god does not hold any sceptre.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 47

CHAPTER IX

Nos. Abbreviations

Papyri Hieroglyphic 10471 GB


9953A N
10014 FA
9904 B

Passages omitted, the omission of which is not noted in the apparatus criticus ?

GB. Text : ink to itf-f (= Nu 12.46).

N. Text :
pt to end (= Nu 12.46-47). After imyt there follows
a blank column, but this would not have given the
scribe sufficient space for the remainder of the

chapter had he made use of it.

FA. Title : the whole of it.

Text :
isp to Wsir (= Nu 12.45-46).
(= Nu 12.47).
'
i ntr to wit

B. Text :
isp to Wstr (= Nu 12.45-46).

Passages written in red :

GB. Title : the whole of it.

N. None.

FA. Text : dd mdw in (= Nu 12.43).

B. Title : nn wbt (= Nu 12.43).


48 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nu 12.43-45.

Title: ^
Text: N. (44)

>'

(45)

n N destroyed down to N. itf-i GB om. ^ B om. ;


^, inserts under
'
"^-.

GBfJ;Bf,Jfl. Pfsiy GB sA for jj


.

imht GB, B * ^ .

i GB om. "$ ; N \\ for = for


N. GB adds ^< N ;
adds -f- [, and then \ \ ,
I] I)
,

destroyed down to SfSft ;


B ^ N. ^ ; FA, B om. (but see below, under

mry-f).
b} GB & i^gJ FA ^j B om. fy
;
1

; .

GB N
om. inserts \\ after p, om.
<} GB ^FA om.
; B j^jj ^ ; .

FA, B
|
;

om. (but see below, under mry-f).


j
;

SfSft GB om. 2nd N ]7;7 FA ; ; om. o,


inserts =before B om. j
;
j
.
ink B spelt as in Nu.

mk FA adds =. mry -f GB om. $ FA adds


;
^(j I]
***
*$
wl FA om. & !\ II a_avA
a
ii-kwi N ^(|
.A
[ , and then destroyed down
to wbi-i.
ii-n-i Njj[.
mrn-i GB prenxes <=>, om. "^" ; FA
y N destroyed ; FA, B
tw GB <*\ ; FA, B om. w GB *L : N FA
GB

^/^ GB om. ^ N < f or


^ B om. ^,
\
; ;

dlrf GB, FA, B om. ;


N om. o.
f or
mj-n-i GB om. jj^ N 5^^ <s and then
'

"^ .

; [,
kw

destroyed down to shry -i ;


FA J? "V ^ .
Wsir GB ** for jj ; N W sir N. ;
FA ]]<=-;

B^".

In the original MS. -^ is


represented by the hieratic form ot^idn (MotL., Pal. II, 159).
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 49

Nu 12.45-47.

D "
tQ, /WWW
TfV
V\I
O 5=2
i 'fJrvN

^w
ei
(47) tr"
|i

T i T

zs^>GB ^?. for %= ; N [' mry B ^ for


^)
.

& GB om.
n B om. ^, i
for i.
Swiy GB Q i i
^fj
. f^~O
LTD,
17A
rA,
T>
$
fl fl

JJL]
A ""XT'
^ .

>....
*//
/"T>
VJ.D < >
<s>-
. ! i

GB I
for 8, om. = ;
FA inserts
A GB prefixes ()
.
before =.
itf-i GB om. "^ ; N *~~ for ^ .

fh-kwi GB om. FA inserts after


fl
;
'

^. ;

Wslr GB 4?* for j]


N Pfsir N.
;
B inserts e after .

wn-n-i N om. 1st "^ to be restored

FA fori-fl.
, ;

tpr-kwi GB Q J
sic
-=.
^> ^ ; FA
ze>/^ GB, FA, B i
for 1 1 1
N ii^'^
" Jr
1
^| end of chap.
, ;

; destroyed.
i B
nU FA, B *=>.
M^ GB B
GB, FA q-J-;
N tj-fl-,
end of chap.; '

nb GB a a

pt fifl-T; . end f

FA om. o B 4- ^L chaP-

a
B spelt as in Nu. i B inserts <=> before

s/ FA, B om. B ^ds ^,^4^


50 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER X (=XLVIII)
No. Abbreviation.
Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA9, col. 3.17-21.

[01
Title :
\4>rt s m hrw r\ l
1<^>

Text: N. (18)
-J
1

\\

AA/WVA

O \\si

'

AAA ^ I- I
(21) N.

1
Restored from Any, sheet 18. The lacuna in SA gives ample space for these words,
but the traces of the word following n n are against prt.
2 In the'
original MS. the hieratic form of <Jldn (MoLL., Pal. II, 159) is actually written
here.
3 Restored from Nebseny, sheet 8. The lacuna in SA gives ample space for these words.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 51

CHAPTER XI (= XLIX)
No. Abbreviation.

Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA 9, col. 2.3-8.
~
Title: era (4)
v '
ffl

AAAAAA ./i

Text:

AA/WW
**
o W
o jjf O A \\

-
(6) I i I

D(E

a
^
<^ [\\]'
(8)
v

1
Space has been left for *\ to be supplied in black-; according to the custom of this
papyrus, but it has not been inserted.
52 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER XII (=CXX)


No. Abbreviation.
Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA 10, col. 1.22-25.

Title : n/^
A [pr m? (23) 1
1

'
S ^ L~il~J
Text: ml 1 N. Q /WWW 0@^7\ Ojk 1\ f w l
|
y*U ^\ _Vi-^I^ <^^>Lr I
/^ J

(24) 1 ']
^ | ~^ \sbiW wss hr wsrt twy nt Gb hr mhtt]
1

[^ (|]l|

'

JVP
-i T_ffl^-l
0' ^V""*!!
cz^
_B^s.' i

^'KVKM: (25)
x ' ill
>;>i:r>f.'K>1;

1 Restored from NAVILLE : Le Papyrus Hieratique de Katseshni, pi. xxxiii. The lacuna
in SA gives ample room for these words.
2

3
Or perhaps ^ <
?

Rest of chapter destroyed.


Text not clear.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 53

CHAPTER XIII (= CXXI)

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri Hieroglyphic 10471 GB


10020 IA

Passages omitted, the omission of which is not noted in the apparatus criticus

GB : nnk to kd (= Nebs. 12.6-7).


.
i

IA : nnk to kd (= Nebs. 12.6-7).

Passages written in red :

GB. Title : rt n k m-ht prt m.

IA. Title, etc. : dd mdw in.


dd n pr m hrw dd-f.
54 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

NAV. I, 12, Pa.

Title :

Text: N.
1 1 1

Nebs. 12.6-8.
AAAA/VA Q v_^_"
A/WWV vQi St"

i i i

I I I

Title and text down to N. :


n(y}-wl s n
GB rr.

fk-n-i GB " for %* ;


I A inserts \\ over -^ ,

om. .
i

^
i

bik GB for M , om. Jj ; IA fir IA ^ sic

ir-n-i GB, IA om. m.


pr-n-i IA om. .

fk -i GB, IA om.
IA jjp s ; c for ^ .

GB *^^; IA
i) ntr GB *^ only ;
IA ^* J
*^ ,
n
nb GB prefixes .^ ^ : IA prefixes
Rf IA om.
iV--z GB, IA om. MI.
,h
lAf^j
GB GB adds : V}
fk-i *^^ ;
IA ,

m htp GB, IA om.


r GB om.
imnt GB, IA duplicate Q .

1
For the actual form of this sign appearing in the MS., see MOLL., Pal. II, 185, note 3,
left-hand sign.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 55

CHAPTER XIV
No. Abbreviation.

Papyrus Hieratic 10064 SA

SA 13, col. 3.14-18.

1
Title :
[rt n dr spt] <0> i

Text: "^ (111


U
1 N. (15)
l

[n k hf m ft hnty]
1

I /www ();

/S CSZl

o
/VAAAAA
I I I

(17)

\\

a e" \\ \\

1 Restored from NAV., II, 21, Ca. The lacuna in SA gives ample room for these words.
2
Restored from NAVILLE, Z,e Papyrus Hieratique de Katseshni, pi. XXIV.
3
Or => ? Sign uncertain.
4
Restored from C and Katseshni, The lacuna in SA gives ample room for these words.
56 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

CHAPTER XV.
INTRODUCTORY NOTES.
The custom of including hymns to the Sun-god in copies of the Book
of theDead first became general during the XlXth Dynasty they do not ;

appear, at the earliest, before the end of the XVIIIth Dynasty, and are
not found in the papyri of Nebseny, Nu or Yuaa. From the XlXth Dynasty
onwards, however, these hymns form an important feature of nearly every
papyrus, and are often accompanied by a vignette showing the adoration
of the rising or setting sun. These sun-hymns were designated by Richard
"
Lepsius Chapter XV," since they appeared after
"
Chapter XIV " in the
Turin papyrus, and the chapter number XVI
was, most unsuitably, given
by him to the accompanying vignette. Since Lepsius' formal numbering
of the chapters of the Book of the Dead has been generally retained by

Egyptologists, the hymns to the sun are grouped by us also under the
heading of Chapter XV, but we have gone further in including under this
number, for the sake of convenience, all solar hymns without exception,
"
some of which might otherwise have been termed Introductory " or have
been given no number at all.
It would appear, as Naville suggested, that no canonical text of
" "
Chapter XV was in existence during the New Kingdom. The hymns
in a great many papyri are different compositions,, and Naville was able to

present in his edition parallel texts of two only, which he called XVA II
and XVB III respectively. There are, however, a large number of phrases
which constantly recur in the hymns, and these are evidently stock
expressions on which the composing scribe was able to draw. Thus the
hymns edited in this volume, which are all addressed to the Sun-god
equated with Amen, god of Thebes, cannot be .identified as a whole with
other texts already published, but they abound in phrases and passages
which recur in those texts. The most important hymn, or group of hymns,
is the long text from the papyrus of Queen Nejemt (No. 10541 = JB), of

which a translation1 is given on pages 60ff It has been very badly copied
.

by an ignorant scribe, but the meaning is fairly clear throughout, and it


forms an interesting example of the solar hymns and litanies which had

1
Frequently only tentative.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 57

become so popular by the end of the New Kingdom, of which a unique


collection is to be found in Papyrus Greenfield. The following are the
chief points of interest in it.

The text opens (lines 1-8) with an address hi which Nejemt declares
that she knows the names of Ra/, of his soul (ba) and of his spirits (kau) .

The seven souls 1 and fourteen spirits 2 of Rar are then invoked, the epithet
applied to each describing an attribute of the god. The short hymn to
Amen-Raf-Khepra-Atum-Horus (lines 25-29) is paralleled in Papyrus
Greenfield3 and Naville's Todtenbuch* but the immediately following song
(lines29-32) of triumph over Apopis (Aapep), the great serpent-enemy of
Rar, does not seem to occur elsewhere. In each of seven verses the states
of the Sun-god and Apopis respectively are contrasted, the former being
said to be happy, the latter miserable. The four invocations which follow

(lines 32-37), addressed to four different forms of the Sun-god, are of special
interest since they are illustrated by a vignette in the papyrus of Khnemu-
em-heb 5 at University College, London. The invocations in the papyrus
of Nejemt implore the Sun-god to save the deceased from her enemies,
" " "
even as he himself is delivered from his first," second," third," and
" "
fourth enemies. These four enemies would appear to be the four forms
taken by the monster Apopis and are also mentioned in the Ritual for
judging from the latter text they seem to correspond
6
Overthrowing Apopis ;

with the four chief times of the day and night, i.e., dawn, midday, evening,
and midnight. In the papyrus of Khnemu-em-heb the Sun-god is shown
enthroned in his barque on the celestial waters, the vanquished serpent
" "
lying beneath it. An explanatory legend refers to the fourth Apopis
"
(or four Apopis-serpents "), while in the forepart of the Sun-god's boat a
scribe stands writing down a list of the slain enemies in the presence of
Osiris, lord of Ankh-tauy (a district of Memphis). This section of Nejemt's

hymn closes with prayers for protection (lines 37-39) addressed to the
goddess Hathor-Nebthetep, and to Sekhmet, who is here identified with
Mut, goddess of Asher, a district of Thebes. Nejemt in this passage asks
1
Cf. the address to the souls (bait) of Rar. BUDGE : The Greenfield Papyrus,
pi. LXXIX.
2
Cf. the address to the sixteen spirit's (kau) of Thoth, op. cit., pi. LXX, and to the

spirits (kau} of Atum, op. cit., pi. XCI.


3
Op. cit., pi. XXIX, 11.6-11.
4
Where numbered ISA I.
it is
5
Published and described by A. W. SHORTER J.E.A., XXIII, pp. 34ff.
:

Facsimiles of Egyptian Hieratic Papyri in the British Museum


6
BUDGE : (1910),
translation p. 22, lines 46, 53, and pi.
XVIII.
58 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
"
to be delivered from the evil influence of dead man or dead
1
woman."
In the next section lines 48-49 contain a reference to the activities of
"
the god Seth, the son of Nut," in the barque of the Sun-god, whose
enemies he is said to kill. This was one of the few benevolent functions
allowed him by orthodox Egyptian theology, and a collection of the
infrequent references to it in the texts has been made and studied by
G. Nagel. 2 To these the present example should be added, together with the
forcefulwords of Seth in Papyrus Chester Beatty No. I, in which he lays
claim to the throne of Osiris, saying "As for me, I am Seth, the greatest
:

of strength among the Ennead, and I slay the enemy of Ra<" daily, being
in front of the Barque-of-Millions, and no other god is able to do it. I am
entitled to the office of Osiris." 3
Of the remaining hymns, those which are not too fragmentary for use
are to be found in papyri O (= 9953B), (= 9988), and (= 10013). W EA
They are reproduced on pages 66-^68 and translated below. Their
theme is, as usual, the splendour of the Sun-god, his voyage across the
heavens, and his power which sustains all life.

TRANSLATION. ACCORDING TO W 1-11.


(1) Adoration of Amen-Raf, (2) bull in Heliopolis, who is over (3) all
4
the god's wives, the beautiful god, the lover, (4) who gives (?) life to every

living thing and to cattle.

(4-8) Homage unto thee, Amen-Ra/ ... by N. ! Thou art (??)

(9) the greatest of the sky, the eldest (10) of the earth, lord (11) of that which
exists, abiding (in ?) all things.

TRANSLATION ACCORDING TO 1.1-13.

(1) . .the roads of the sky. Osiris N. knows 5 how they conduct
.

(2) ... [Osiris] N. knows the place where they stand still (?), when . . .

(3) ... Osiris N. [knows the praises] which the crew speak when they
tow the barque of the two horizons. (4) [Osiris] N. knows the forms of Ra/,
and his phases which are in the (celestial) flood. Osiris N. knows. . . .

1
Paralleled in papyrus Greenfield, op. cit., p. 63 ( pi. LXXXIIZ).
The expression
occurs frequently in magical texts. &
2
Bulletin de I'Institut franf ais d'Archeologie orientate du Caire. Tome 28, pp. 33ff.
3
See A. H. GARDINER The Chester Beatty Papyri, No. 1, p. 16.
:

*
Restore a o ?

5
Emend to rh(w), third person singular of Old Perfective.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 59

(5) ... Osiris N. knows him who is in the Manjet-barque, and the great
shape which
1
in the Mesektet-l>a,rque. Osiris N. (6) ... thy [goings
is (?) ]

in Nut2 . Osiris N. is in the land of the living for ever and ever, one who
judges (7) ... who causes righteousness and destroys wickedness. Osiris N.
gives offerings to the gods, and invocation-offerings (8) [to the dead (?).
Thou settest (?),] O
peace, thou awakest in triumph
Amen-Rar, in !

O Amen-Rar, lord Oh, thou art beautiful, thou dawnest,


of the horizon !

[thou] glitterest ... (9) ... thou goest around, thou comest forth, thy
barque voyages, thou sailest. (10) thou gatherest together thy . . . . . .

members, thy [body] lives. ... (11) ... in the road of darkness. . . .

(12) [the crew]


. . of thy barque
. are glad of heart, the lord of the sky is
filled with joy. (13) ... jubilation .to Amen-Rar-Harakhte.
. . . . .

TRANSLATION ACCORDING TO EA 2.1-9.

(1) Homage unto thee who shinest forth in the sky, who illuminest his
lands ! The souls of Nekhen make jubilation to thee, the souls of the east
adore thee.
(2) Homage unto thee, Raf-Harakhte, beautiful god who comest
forth from the horizon !

Thou shinest forth, thou shinest forth !

Thou gleamest, thou gleamest !

Thou art brilliant, thou art brilliant !

Thou art on high. (3) Thy barque proceeds, and thou pursuest thine
enemy. Thy flesh lives, thy organs are strengthened, thy bones are
invigorated, thy limbs are made young, thy soul is august, thy power is
(4)
divine, when thou
turnest thy face to the beautiful West Hear the !

praise (5) of Osiris N. who is in thy following, when thou hast reached the
land of thy mother Nut !

Come (6) to me, my lord Raf, self -created one Grant thou bread !

[for] his belly, breath for his nose, natron (?) for his breast. The crew (7) of
3

4
thy barque, their hearts are glad, the sky is filled with joy, the great one in
the Other World (Dat) rejoices. O every god and every goddess (8) Let !

them give praise to Amen-Rar-Harakhte Shed thou thy light in the door !

of my tomb Anoint thou (9) my corpse with thy colour For Osiris N.
! !

1
I.e., the ghostly form assumed by the Sun-god for his journey through the underworld
of the dead during the night.
2
I.e., the sky.
3 the dead man's.
I.e.,
4
? Compare the version in 0, 1. 12, above.
60 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

TRANSLATION ACCORDING TO JB.

(1) Adoration of Rat when he shines forth in the two horizons, extolling
his soul (ba), placating his spirits (kau), and causing the steersman of the

(solar) barque to come at the call of (2) Osiris N.


/

Homage unto thee, Ra<" (Four times.)


!

Homage unto thee and unto thy soul !


(Seven, times.)
Homage unto thee and unto thy spirits
:
!
( ?weiW-times.)
Osiris N. (3) knows thy name, she knows the name of thy soul, and she
knows the names of thy spirits Thou art brilliant, Atum in (4) the sky,
!

Prince in the two horizons, Listener in the palace, King in the two horizons
and in the Other World (Dat), Ancient One in Nun !

Osiris N. knows (5) thy name and thy soul :

Soul pure of seed,


Soul sound of flesh,
Soul glorious and sound,
Soul of magic,
Soul of (divine) form,
Soul that is male,
Soul that copulates !

(6) N. knows the names of thy spirits :

Spirit of nourishment,
Spirit of food,
Spirit august,
Spirit that accompanies,
Twin spirits that create sustenance,
Spirit (7) that is prosperous,
Spirit that gleams,
Spirit that is mighty,
Spirit that is powerful,
Spirit that dawns,
Spirit that shines,
Spirit that is worshipful,
Spirit that is prepared !

Osiris N. has placated (8) thesethy beautiful names. She has placated
thy soul, she has placated thy spirit (ka). (Therefore) shine thou forth on
her beautifully, in peace, thou that placatest the two (?) gods in peace !
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 61

Dawn thou on (9) N., O Raf, as thou dawnest upon the arms of Isis Shine !

thou upon Osiris N. (10) as thou shinest upon Nephthys Hear thou the
!

voice of Osiris N., O Raf Let her be brilliant as thou art brilliant Hear
! !

thou her voice, (11) Raf, as thou hearest the voice of this thy soul !

Be thou gracious to her as thou art gracious to thy spirit (ka) Shine thou \

forth !
(12) Let thy heart be kind to Osiris N. as thy heart is kind to thy
protecting serpent Come thou! to Osiris N (13) She is Nephthys, she
!

establishes thy beauty. She is Hehu, she bears thee up, she is Hehu.
(14) Osiris N. treads the pure island, she beholds the god in Nun. She has
calmed the flood, (15) she has subdued the rebels for Raf1 she has destroyed ,

the enemies in their places. Come to Osiris (16) N., O Raf, that she may
subdue for thee the enemies, that she may destroy for thee those who have
again revolted, that she may make a slaughter (17) of those who storm
against thee Come thou to Osiris N.
!
Satisfy thou her spirit (ka)
! !

Give thou to her her soul to accompany her Behold, she has made !

jubilation to thee (18) Behold


! Osiris N. four times !

Rac dawns [as] the power of Heaven, alone, prepared, coming forth
from Nun, lord of diadems within (19) the shrine, whose soul is in the
forefront, whose light subdues, who sits upon the lap of Maat, who dwells
in the Two Districts. The two sanctuaries2 (20) -in Nun come unto him,
unto the gold of men and the fine gold of the gods. Dawn thou, O bull and
jackal Shine thou upon the arms of Isis (21) and Nephthys
! Thou heir !

whom the gods attend I am thy son, O Raf, on that beautiful day of
!

presentation. I am thy daughter, thy spirit (ka) at that thy birth (22)
thereon. She presents offerings to thee. She opens to thee the roads in the
west of Heaven. She shows thee the paths of the Other World (Dat).
She opens for thee thy face that thou mayest see with it. She uncloses
(23) for thee thine ears that thou mayest hear with them. Thou seest with
them, 3 thou hearest with them 4 Thou hast come, and I have said unto thee
! :

I am thy favourite among mankind.


5
I chew myrrh in thine honour upon
the lake of Desdes. I am one who speaks truth (24) to Raf, I am one
who repeats truth to Atum, one who exults therein unto Raf. Raf is
victorious over his enemies (even so) is Osiris N. victorious over her
;

enemies. .

1 "
Or, emending to <=>, those who rebelled against Raf."
2 of Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.
I.e.,
3
/ e., the eyes.
4
I.e., the ears.
5 In order to ensure that the speaker's prayers may be ceremonially pure.
62 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Adoration of Rar-Harakhte.

(25) Homage unto thee, Amen-Rac-Khepra-Atum-Horus, who


traverses! Heaven, great hawk with festively adorned breast, beautiful of
face, with two great plumes Thou awakest beautifully in the early
!

" "
morning, while the entire Ennead says to thee (26) Jubilation unto thee !

in the evening. Thou dost reverence (thy) mother, she sleeps and becomes

pregnant. Thou awakest at thy birth, and thy mother nurses thee every
day.
Rac lives, the criminal-serpent dies !
(27) Thou abidest, and thine
enemy is fallen. Thou traversest Heaven in life and well-being, thou
makest the sky festive as Ady ; thy barque passes the day, thy heart being
glad, while Maat appears at (28) thy prow. Rac shines forth, Rac gleams
from thy (sic) two horizons upon (his) mother at midday the crew of Rac ;

are in jubilation, heaven and earth are in gladness, when Amen-Ra.c-(29)


Harakhte is come forth in triumph three times.

Recitation by [Osiris N.] :

Homage unto thee, Rac ! Festive of plumes, great power coming forth
from Nun !

Exalted Rar every day


is
Apopis is ... . . .

Happy Rac every day Apopis is wretched.


is (30) ;

Powerful is Rac every day Apopis is weak. ;

Rac loves, every day Apopis hates. ;

Rac is drunken every day Apopis is thirsty. ;

(31) Rac is satisfied every day Apopis is hungry. ;

Rac opens (doors, etc.) every day Apopis is seized and burnt, ;

and away. Rac triumphs over Apopis four times


his strength is taken !

Osiris N. triumphs (32) over her enemy four times !

Rac-Harakhte, rescue thou Osiris N. from that enemy, that adversary,


even as Rac is rescued, kept back and freed (33) from this his first enemy !

Recitation by [Osiris N.] Homage unto thee, Rac, lord of Truth, who
:

is in his shrine, lord of the gods, rescue thou N. from that enemy, that

adversary, (34) even as Rac is rescued, kept back and freed from this his
second enemy !

Khepra in his boat, rescue thou Osiris (35) N. from that enemy,
that adversary, even as Rac is rescued, kept back and freed from this his
third enemy !
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 63

O Khepra, (36) dwelling in the whole earth, rescue thou Osiris N. from
that enemy, that adversary, even as Ra/ is rescued, kept back and (37)
freed from this his fourth enemy !

O
Hathor-Nebthetep of Heliopolis, rescue thou Osiris N. from those
who come against them (sic) on their (several) intents, (38) and let her not
happen among them !

O
Sekhmet, rich in magic, lady of Asher, goddess, lady in Heaven,
rescue thou Osiris N., guard and protect her from (39) the power of dead
man or dead woman, hidden and concealed, dead man or dead woman
(sic), and from every evil thing, in this the tenth month, the fifth-day festival
of this year and what appertains (?) to it.
1

(40) Adoration of Ra< when he shines forth in the eastern horizon of Heaven.
Recitation by [Osiris N.] Homage unto thee, Raf-Khepra-Atum-
:

Harakhte, august hawk, (41) bird of prey who gladdens the earth with his
beauty Thou awakest in peace, thy heart is glad, the two uraei are joined
!

to thy brow. Thou fliest to the sky, thou treadest the earth, thou over-
throwest the malignant criminal-serpent. (42) Thou dawnest from the
flood, thine Ennead beholds thy beauty, thy barque exults in gladness of
heart, the crew of Rar rejoice. Jubilation to thee, thou that knowest
Eternity, (43) thou King of Eternity Thy Majesty is in the Mesektet-
!

barque, thou art exalted as Ady. Thou voyagest to (thy) mother, thy
mother the cow receives thee, thy nurse of yesterday finds thee (44) in thy
form of Dweller in Heaven. Thou art the sun-disc of (?) Ba-neb-dedet,
O Atum-Harakhte Thoth, Hu and Saa are in thy following Maat is with
!
;

thee every day. Hail, in (45) the early morning When thou unitest with
!

the august flood, when all the gods are upon the hill in Hermopolis, in the
island of Desdes !
They perform aspersion through love of thee (46) when
thou hast illumined their shrines. Rar comes forth in triumph, after he has
overthrown his enemies in the course of every day. Lo, Osiris N. distin-
guishes thy names !

(47) Adoration of Raf in the evening.


Recitation by be recited daily
Osiris N., to Beautiful is the barque
:

of Raf in hour of the day Thou shinest forth beautifully


this beautiful !

(48) O sun, seven times The prow of the barque is towards the west, aloft.
!

The son of Nut has his weapons he has slain the tortoise, he has
;

1 See the uncorrupted version of this expression at the end of Chap. CXLVIII in the

Papyrus of Nu.
64 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

destroyed (49) the oryx, he has driven back the criminal-serpent. The
Uaj-ftsh jubilates, the Abtu-fish. is in festival, the gods are in Heaven
rejoicing. .
(50) Rar seizes (?) and illuminates the Two Lands amid
. .

rejoicing. The great favourite, Osiris N., is kept back and rescued from
that Seth (?).

(51) Adoration of Ra< when he sets in life.

Recitation by Osiris N. when her hands adore the sun-disc and she
extols the other forms. 1

Homage unto thee, who didst comprehend thine ownself, before thy
mother came into existence (52) and created thy name !

Homage unto thee, even as thy two eyes say to thee, after thou hast
passed over the road of eternity !

Homage unto thee, even as thy disc says to thee, when it arouses for
thee the terror of thee, and as thy spirit (ka) says to thee, when thy grasp
is mighty (53) O Atum !

Homage unto thee, even as thy crew say to thee, (thy crew) whose
divine forms the falcon has fashioned !

Homage unto thee, even as the worshippers say, the guardians of the
shrines of the sky !

Homage unto thee, even as the mouths of the worshippers say to thee,
(54) when they act as guides beside the barque upon their road !

Homage unto thee, even as thy mother says to thee, when she clasps
her arms about thee !

Homage unto thee, even as the twain say to thee in the Manjet-barque,
when it goes around (?)...
(55) Turn thou to me, Rar, even as thou turnest behind the head of
thy uraeus when it burns up for thee thine enemies !

Turn thou to me, Ear, even as thou turnest to the road of the West
and traversest (?) (56) the East !

Turn thou to me, Rar, even as the rays of the barque turn to me on a
day of heat.

Turn thou to me, Raf, even as thou turnest to the enemy who comes
forth from the egg !

1
I.e., of the Sun-god.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 65

Turn thou (57) to me, Rar, even as thou turnest to behold, when thou
hast found the .... who come forth on thy right !

Turn thou to me, Raf, even as thou turnest to the soul behind thee,

thy Upper Egyptian barley being thy grain every day !

.... (58)

Those who are seated (P) stand up for thee, the apes adore thee1
in the
shrine. Homage unto thee
. . . Thou who dawnest from the ! lotus-
flower, who upon the lotus-leaf, god (59) who purifies himself,
alightest
fashioner of the day, whose name mankind knows not Who traversest !

the sky so that this is not known from that Sole god the living soul ! . . .

in Heliopolis Bestower of Truth, who endows therewith


!
(60) . . . . . .

I (?) cause Rar to triumph over the enemy, I (?) placate thee, I (?)
extol
thee ! All thy chief names. ...
i

TEXT WITH VIGNETTE OF RAC-HARAKHTE.

(1) Recitation by [Osiris N.] :

Rar-Harakhte, great god, lord of sky and Earth, (2) maker of that
which is, creator of all that exists ! He shines forth (3) from the mountain (?),
he proceeds (?) to the mountain of Bakhu of bekhen-stone (?). (4-5) The
Seth-animal2 and the jackals receive him, (6) the souls of the East jubilate
(like apes) unto him. (7-15) Osiris N. knows those words which the souls
of the East say Osiris N. is in thy Council, Osiris
! She enters among the !

crew 'of Raf every day !

OVER VIGNETTE OF HER-HERU AND NEJEMT ADORING :

.(1) Giving of praise to Rar-Harakhte, (2) obeisance to his form,, by


(3) Osiris the Lord of the Two Lands, High-priest of Amen, Son of Ra/,
Lord of Diadems, (4) Her-Hera-sa-Amen. He says :

Homage unto thee, Raf, (5) at his shining forth, Atum


(sic) (6) in his

(sic)form (7) of earth ! Thou shinest forth in the eastern horizon (8) of the

sky, thou settest in the western horizon ; (9-10) this thy crew of Imperish-
able Stars rows thee ! Grant thou abiding and satisfaction to Osiris
(11)
the Lady of the Two Lands, (12) the King's Mother Nejemt, in thy presence,
for ever (?) !

1
Emending to hfdw ?
2 " "
Or pig ?
66 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri. Hieroglyphic. 9988 W


9953B O
10013 EA
10541 JB

W W 1-11.

(1) *' W(2) -=3) \\


>
c in i

'
StC
r

IN. T
r^,"^ o i

/WWV\ AAAAAA yy/JI [

[1

a
/11X AAAAAA
I
1 1)
V '
I I I i
w , ,
w ,
|

A o 1.1-13.

3=5*
Y <,
o 1 1

|
AAAAAA
I I I I

fl j- f^m 11: S&<^);-;

e o
a^^
HalltasUN
i
11
I

1
Stc, last sign black.
2 an
In the original MS. $ and ^ are not distinguishable from each other. ^ in 1. 7 is

exception.
3
An unknown amount of text missing ?
4
_j^ stands in the original MS. See MOLL., Pal. II, 292, note 4.
8
The rest of the line, containing an unknown number of signs, is missing.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 67

IK 2 O 4^ 33 N -

?-'" f I
j

I
AA/WV*

of
'

S i i t

ftcsa o <02-
VWVAA
A [J]^ o
1

(8) iio e
l
I (]
o a

n O

^Si^?i^^
Sv v> ^V*' V' VV> N v> ^ V> N V' > ^ V*> VV"' N V-' > V' X V*> vv>
4&&4^&&%fc&&&&&&&r>'&&fc>&?>'&&&
\^^/<*^\^\-?< s^f^^S^^^^ T'&ft &&&.
1

1
N V-> vv> N V
l
^A
/VNA/W\
'XSvii-A J\

^^

D
I I

U A/WW\ |1^^I?
(I-VA/WAA^ IO]\\
M 1O
68 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

EA 2.1-9.

Oil
\\ s I

= f rOi D
1
o \\ _
\\
w
\\

A
a _ n
" XT
N
n (

T
Hh
\\

,/>> \\
^ '
|\> .A

,?, (7)

^
1\
Ji '

n
o
111

A/WWV _ XT
J\
_G=jL

n ^fl I V^
X
1
... -x-
sic
I
*Y|

I'l S *-: $5*'

- iv <
2>

O
I Sl D II

MM
D

o
n
I
I I
D II

1 In the original MS. the goddess appears to be holding -9- (?).


2 This sign is probably meant the original appears to show confusion with
;

(hieratic).
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 69

ft

U
D 'Cfi)
<
4>
c* \\ \\

\\ \\ F=3
1 I

(5)

AAAAAA
sic I AAAAAA

t\\ (6) N. ^ 2%
U

I II

U
I

1
A corrupt hieratic bird-sign is used.
70 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

LJ.
n - 11
,

UU| <a> . Ui
I I I
\

U
I

U
I

U
I

U
I

U
I PJL
-..
-- ...... ,._.,

N. =3
o D .
s
(8)
v '
(3 D

U T
oD C.
D i iH o D
I

I
sic

- a@

D O s'<=

, T
N -
o
A
D AA/WNA StC '
- 1

sic Oi
s (12) A N.

^ N. (13)
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 71

in o

..
T
N.

(17) N. U A D

AAAAAA f$\ I

N.

"
ii

D II

AAAAAA fi^ I

fllT
H AAAAAA
\\
AAAAAA
I \\ I A H^=__ AAAAAA

AAAAAA
cjcjqi
|

1 1 1 i I ll

<
2I >

t\ o D' I
'52
AAAAAA
AAAAAA
111:
"
T
Ui P'" (22)
V ' ?
~T i
f AAAAAA j,

^=P5
III I <5 D | Olll

I I
I
III

oo AAAAAA
O O
(23)
\ '
III

AAAAAASIC P SIC AAAAAA


\\
O
frr; t fr? A
Quite possibly there was no sign under t.
72 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

(24)
O fl

o O O I I I

o .

SIC
N
-
i i i

-tA -

d o <
sic

(25)
O

O
I

27 >
f <

n A D }
-f~
;0
1 A

<
28 >

i'
cm SIC O Q ! O ra ra 6
\\"s. I I I I

Ml -A a
1 1 1

O AAAAAA
/SAAAAA

D D

a n

o o
D D

1
Actually with ram's horns under the plumes.
2
Less probably ^. The sign is corrupt.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 73

/WWV\
AAAAAA
44* /WWV\

(31)
O fl
O
fl I vl I

W
(7) S=5 O \\
KZ7
1 0\\S

o Illl
sic

(32)
D D

D
/WVW\ / SIC D \\ **
.
\\ sic -1HTJL

(33)
V '
o

^ O i

l-sH 111
D
N.
(P.

o
n
(35) N.

1 1 1

'
*~~ ox
O
i

/WVAW / SC sicQ

D O/ sic

il "7^ II "f (
37
).o^ ?5^
IK^_ O Illl

o
/WNAAA ... _ N.
D i
111 1AAAAAA
I I I

/VAAAAA

Do Mi (38) \\ I I I

^jj
osilI
1
^ ^
<r^ LJ
I n
l 1-
o
\\
SIC
AAAAAA

1
In the original MS. the goddess has no urseus.
74 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

I
sic
\\ In"
I I I

ffi
>lcO II o NN O j
ftAAAAA

%J Do
(40)
v i
i
J
w Jr^
I
m
cSi

I O

DO Qsic
\\

(42)

o
l \N2Ul I I I

o
(43) i' \\ NN

ra \\

(3 d
AAAAAA
ftAAAAA
(44)

=* in

& (45)
NN o I Sfl \\

111
(2
/WWVA /WWW " ftAAAAA

I I I
(46) I I I

1 In the original MS. the signs are grouped in the column thus :
~$ .

etc>
2
In the original MS. the hawk has nothing on its head.
3 a mixture of ^ and
In the original MS. the sign is
f.
4
Indistinguishable from H .

5
In the original MS. the cow wears no crown.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 75

O O

//f7\
(47)

Sic
111/ TVT
IRT N.

a^I i Si in a

r-rc-i
(49)

.4.

/WWV\ i X
111 ra .
n ft
o
na \\
\\

-rf-

(51) a

a@ n
1

^ _
I

m (52)

*
P
O
/VAAftAA r I
[.
O
Ui
I

1
Indistinguishable from H .

2
In the original MS. the sign is a mixture of
^ and
76 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

*\o I
- WAAAA
(54) 'ill

T I
T AAAAA
I I I

stc
\\

V I sic Q2
A
(55) S O

F (56)

O O

sfc

(57)

000
I I

1
In the original MS. the hawk has nothing on its head.
2
Or possibly _) ?
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 77

o (58) lend!
I

A/WW\ /WWW
*' n ra AAAA/VA

> I I I
o @ 1r \\ DIM

11 I II
O I CZDI
I

D D \\

iTi
o
SIC f~\

N.
(2 II Ml

Text with vignette of Rar-Iiarakhte.

\\ (2) AiWVSA
(1) .
/WSAAA

o sic n

US
i

L-fl
(4) /WVW\ ^dj D
\\

(5) (6) ^^ f\/\/1

OQ
H
1

N - *!
Jc^lQ
I

(10) N. (11)

O O
I I I

Over vignette of Her-Heru and Nejemt adoring.


3
O \\
(2) ftAAAAA
(3)

QS (4)
A @
O
Indistinguishable from
78 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

(5)

&
cm (8)'
v
* SQ^J
|J o
D
F=R
=*=
on
fJWW\
^ I

(10) o c^z:i P4-* (ii) []]


(12)

^T^ ^-= s
i>
stc
I
J
Dl- c=>l
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 79

CHAPTER XVII.

Nos. Abbreviations.

Papyri Hieratic (early New 10281 1


ZA
Kingdom)

10471
Hieroglyphic ^GB
99572 'P
10541 JB
9904 B
%

Hieratic (late New 100643 SA


Kingdom) 10040 NA
10093 TA
104484 FB

The Principal Text, which is taken from the papyrus of Nebseny, has
been divided into numbered sections following the arrangement in
H. Grapow's Religiose Urkunden.

Passages omitted, the omission of which is not noted in the apparatus criticus :

Title : GB. prt m hrw (Nebs. 13.14).


B. nirr st (Nebs. 13.16).
NA. hit-f-m to imnt (Nebs. 13.14).

***

1 A fragmentary text. See A. W. SHORTER J.E.A., XX,


: 33ff., especially on the later
"
substitution of an individual's name for the impersonal word man."
2
Only a few words of this text are preserved, in a fragmentary condition, from bf to

grh (Nebs. 13.26-27).


3
A fragmentary text.
4
Only portions of this text are preserved, in a fragmentary manner, from krsw to shd
(Nebs. 14.11-24).
80 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Text : ZA. m-m ribw hh (Nebs. 14.9).


GB. srd tw to pty rf st (Nebs. 13.32-34) .

m-m ribw hh (Nebs. 14.9).


kyddto Wsir (Nebs. 14.11).
htm to miw pwy (Nebs. 14.19).
J

pty rfsw to [ph w] i (Nebs. 14.27-15.19).


tst dr-s sfwt-i, NU-ht
(Nebs. 15.21).
JB. nnk Tmw m (Nebs. 13.16).
. rnw / to kmsm-f (Nebs. 13.19-20).
w/d-wr rn n ky, ky dd (Nebs. 13.35).
rn wf, wid-wr (Nebs. 13.35-36).
The British Museum section of the papyrus ends
after the word Snw(Nebs. 13.46), but the text is
1
continued in the Paris section.
B. rn / to Rr (Nebs. 13.26).
dt,irnhh (Nebs. 13.27).
pty rfst to end (Nebs. 13.41-15.28).
NA. ir-n-tw-sto [imntff pw (Nebs. 13.24) .

iw to prw / (Nebs. 13.28-29) .

TA. ir-n-tw-s to [imntf] 2 pw (Nebs. 13.24) .

iw to prw / (Nebs. 13.28-29).


pty rf sw to Hr-mhnty-n-irty (Nebs. 14.15-17).
bf pw nimy Tfnwt (Nebs. 14.18).

niryw-stiwto end (Nebs. 14.31-15.28).


FB. fhf-n hpt-n to bwyfy (Nebs. 14.16).

Passages written in red :

Title : ZA. 3
GB. h/t-r-m to fnhy (Nebs. 13.14-15).

JB. sihw (Nebs. 13.14).


n n prt m hrw (Nebs. 13.14).
B. n n pr m hrw m hrt-ntr.
SA snnttoprm (Nebs. 13.15).
NA. rf n pr m hrw to in (Nebs. 13.14-15).
1
See NAV., Einleitung, p. 109.
2
Omitted in Nebseny.
3
Only a fragment of the title is preserved.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 81

Text :
pty rfsw (orst) throughout
all MSS. save FB, in which

always black.
it is

ky dd (either spelt out or written ^) throughout all


MSS., with the following exceptions GB red only:

in the following passages. Nebs. 13.19 13.21 ; ;

13.23; 13.24; 13.27; 13.47; 14.8.

JB. $ at the end of dd is black (= Nebs. 13.24).


Black in Nebs. 13.26 (after dsf].
B. always black.
TA. black in Nebs. 13.19 13.21
; ;
13.23 ;

13.25-26; 13.27; 13.30; 13.31.


FB. always black.
t_s phr in GB (Nebs. 13.48).

The following passages also are written in red ink :

ZA. d/d/thf (Nebs. 14.5).


ir'didiwsrt (Nebs. 14.7).
irgrt (Nebs. 14.9).
lrgrttiwyfy (Nebs. 14.16).
/
psny (Nebs. 14.21).
ir to hsb (Nebs. 14.26).
pw (after rtpp) (Nebs. 14.27).
hrywfhw-sn (Nebs. 14.39).
ir hrw to t/wy (Nebs. 15.5).
ir rw to fy (Nebs. 15.25).

irpfsh n-itowpt-i (Nebs. 15.26).


ir W/dyt nbt wnmwt (Nebs. 15.27).
ir fr-sn to im-sn (Nebs. 15.27-28).
JB. ntr fi hpr dsf (after pty rf sw) (Nebs. 13.19).
SA. r-k n-i (Nebr. 14.14).
irgrhpfn rht-r(Nebs. 14.22).
ir grh pf n hsb <wi (Nebs. 14.26).
irtosdt (Nebs. 14.43).
rf, pds tp (Nebs. 15.25).
ir (after irt R< pw)
(Nebs. 15.27).
TA. ind-hr-tn m nbw (Nebs. 14.2.)
(ji) (Nebs. 14.22).
82 THE BOOK PE(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.14-15.

Title: ra
>1TTT PI A
O
I i I I

Jill

fflll N. ^ A
"

hit-t-m ZA destroyed down to iw ;


B - fab GB reverses order of n and J, om. fl
;

o NA TA
ra for hit-f-m to fnhy ; JB j| 'Ji^ ft ;
fj *l)l)^;

SA destroyed down to snt.

stsw GB om. p, tfl for ==; JB J^ for s^ GB for


'

JB ^ for 11 J SA

\, |) for ==, duplicates f or NA ^ for

shiw GB -'^j**,; JB as GB but inserts


hmst GB om. n ; JB 0^1 ;
SA _^_/^\ ;
NA
%=^> before 1 1 1
.

_^_(jff\'^*;
TA as NA but adds *~- .

hit GB <= JB om. ra(*).


;
w TA om.
ih GBom. ; JB f^fl _. sh
fl
JBfTl.
J Oil
GB fr ,
J2f&-; JBtaw* fejL- prt GB, SA, NA, TA om. a .

JB prefixes "^ , om. <=>; NA, TA m GB, TA om.

prefix ^ ,
om. o .
*' GB ^'^ SA NA TA V^- ' - '

hrw JB ra^o ; TA ra e
^". fnhy GB prefixes <=, inserts"^" after -|-,

W NA, TA^ V
.
adds SA, NA, TA | 7"^.
;
Jj.

in ZA prefixes ] <^ f J
x
GB,
^w GB^; NA-^for M. ;
TA^y^-^.
TA
fl
;

m TA .

7tw GB 9 JB om. | TA om. 77^-

mryf GB inserts =>


; ;

after adds J^
B ^ N. ;
SA destroyed down to iww ;

^, NA TA rjo^N.
_

- ; JB inserts <=> after


^ ; NA ZA destroyed down to nnk (Nebs.
& p^i "^
-
n
4 4
n
u
sill I .1
H
<~. > TA
'x < =.
<&
oil
^^
i
13.16) ; GB om. A; JB om. ;
NA om. <=,

1
Or
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 83

Nebs. 13.15-17.

(16) I I I

AA/WVA "

Text : Section I. /WWW

/WWVA
A/WWV i i i
(17)

T d'
mni -f GB ess for = ; JB om. ;
B for wfw ZA ^^[ e>
^] then unusable until
=
,
^ |

sss for ; NA ^ fl
?
|
?
I

J
1
*T~ ; TA stsw GB om.
(Nebs. JB 13.18); ^ ;

^\^2_- -Sjfl^^' B J^^m^-.' SA j^ NA as


(
;

iw-w GB' JB, B, SA, NA, TA om. !.


GB but adds ^ TA wf (spelt as SA). ;
^
ihw GB ^ ; JB ^ for
\ ; B, SA, NA m JB, TA om.
om. p, in. Nnw GB ^> JB inserts 31? under <^=> ; ;

JB, NA, TA om. B om. ^ SA, TA for


^; NA
;
^^
in GB om. <=> JB duplicates <=>; TA 1 1

$\ *^^*
;
OOO^^ ^ ^.
n
^f GB ^0,^ f ; JB ^ ^^ ;
B
st GB -gr JB ;
~p=* ; SA, TA }
e .

^0, J ^ ;
SA Wsir N., then destroyed down
TA s'c/ NA
i!^> to pw; Wsir N. 2,3^ TA j]^s>.^ N.
;

fc
GB,B77;-JB ; SA,NA,TA~. m GB, TA om.
GB prefixes ""p B om. SA, NA, TA Q GB
/^>y ; ;
JB "^ for
H ;
after n
reads ^,
add=. B reads ^, NA reads j^ 1
^, TA reads
GB om. "^ ;
TA
JB ftTi TA om. ^ta m NA,
CA
ort. H
'
^R " wvw
.. ^
>
u ,___
&</ GB om. ^, =; JB, B, NA om.
yj(|

NA ft^ ^) ^ 3 ;

TA inserts ~~~ before *^ .

r vfi"!?
r~t A
V ^ "D n
v CA
"wwwwty hkit GB om. Q NA j ^ e^^ TA om. , /^*TI r . > ; ;
** Jj Oi\
r^^>7 I
jlp I
> \J-13

irt-n-f GB, NA, TA om.


o
destroyed down to m NA, TA Wsir N.
.

;
"
r#&ze> ZA destroyed down to wn-f; GB JB% &-; NA^fl); TA
JS-J) B om. 777; NA
;

m GB om. w TA om.
wn-f ZA
for H^.
^^
B om.
; GB,
SA,
NA
TA duplicate
om. H
; JB Sit-f GB om.
before
,

*
*=; JB, Bom. ^; TA
"^ ; ; . inserts .

1
The hieratic form of this sign used by the original MS. is MOLL., Pal. Ill, 387.
84 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.17-18.

T,

AA/WVN
(18) I I I

sic
11: ! [Jooil
GB om. o ;
B om. o, adds < ;
SA kn ZA ,*
for c^ ;
GB ^"^^^Zl; JB
NA SAjfor^; NA
?

l
j
c=; I^
e
T7T -
TAf^, ^IkUv B^^Zl;
irt-n-f GB, JB, SA, NA.TA om. a ;
B om. J for c^ ;
TA n for ca.

wi GB, JB, B, SA, NA, TA om. imy ZA, TA \ for


\ ;
GB prefixes ,

sir GB om. = ; JB adds . inserts


-j}-
before |^ ; JB -fl-^,. jj>\
>
B
)^ : NA -"
-&.; SA prefixes ,
-|-
for
[)
;
NA

C^ GB om. =; JB prefixes |^, om. Q, ZA, NA, TA EE


^ ;
GB == ; JB,
adds ^; B om. Q ; SA, TA .om. o, B, SA om. ^ .

ist GB, JB add \ ;


SA Wsir N., then

nswyt GB, B ^ ^ ] ; JB as GB but destroyed down to mw (Nebs. 13.19) ;


TA
adds ^ ;
SA -|^ | [,
then destroyed down om.
to hr-f; NA, TA as GB but add ^. rdi ZA destroyed down to Hmnw ; B, TA
M-n-f GB om. o, adds ^.^j^^; JB add & .

^^^^ T* wvw\A
om. o ; NA
"KT A
TA ^_
om. u ^_ ;
A
.
n-f NA ;
TA om.
wm JB % ;
NA ^Ifp TA ^e ; .
msw GB,Bom.jfj; JB^forjSjNAjHp*;
n GB ^ ; JB, TA om. B -A. NA ; ;
text TAom. \, \ for $k .

destroyed (see above, under wnri). GB B


bdgt om. o, ^ for JB ^ for
= B, ft ;

GB =
;

hprt for Q ; JB om. ; NA, TA om. o, w for NA 1 for 5, TA


Bi I ;

for Q .

stsw ZA ]^; GB L_fl for


^,
om. = ; JB
E A^TTT B ;
^ ^ om for - " ;
NA
om. j>, in, ^ for =>; TA om. p, yv

for=.
5z& NA peej^.
iww ZA, GB, JB, B, NA, TA ^ for !. ^www ZA ]o ;
GB EE ; JB, NA om. ^ ;

* B TA B but om.
hr-f ZA, GB, JB, B, SA ; NA, TA j^i.
E E "7 o ;
as .
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 85

Nebs. 13.18-20.

Section II. (19) 1


D
o\\ in i
[* JJ
/WWV\
AA/VWV
mi
Section III.
;: <20) in
D
i! I I I

I I I

in
ink JB prefixes !pf ^ ; NA.TA Wsir (spelt rnwf GB ~j~ ;
B ^|) ; NA ^ f or !
;

j]
<E>
^ in TA) N. TA j^
for
|j)
,
om. < .

ntr ZA, NA, TA add ^ ; GB, B add


:
.
r / w QB ^TUl :
B |J)!; NA 1
,
TA
r/ ZA adds j ; GB adds a; B ^T| ;
NA
IZJi
G ^ '
TA a(ids 3^
j]
.

A/- NA (^ to be restored), TA add =. ^r ZA, NA (first two signs restored), TA

ir ZA down to Nnw GB, B p w 3 om.


destroyed ;

add^ NA, TA add


;
^.y
m GB, B, NA, TA om.
ft GBadds -; B j^fl NA^e^; TA ^ ww .y ZA om. m J GB, NA, TA om. ;

addsflj^. B ;

hpr NA, TA add =. rn JB for B adds ||j)


;

mw GB, SA, NA, TA add JB om. B '&* for d5l.


; ;

JB, NA, TA om.


iVw^ ZA]^.; GB om. ^^ JB, B om. ^ r^./ ZA ^[, then destroyed down to
; ;

SA, NA ^^ for ft TA for


| f
_^.y-. QB) j B> B -^i^
;
NA ? .
;
"
;

pw GBaddsljlj. TAom.
// ZA, GB, JB prefix \, om. $

SA, NA, TA prefix


B ()^- NA adds e TA adds ^^ ; ;
^ .

^ _

ntrw
t)nn GB, JB, B, NA add
.
TA ^ ;

pw GB adds
SA adds .

.Rr ZA, NA, TA ^fj^; JB prefixes ^; imyw- GB JB om. ;


B |^ for
l|-|j-; t)

B ^ ;
SA destroyed down to ntrw (before SA -j}-|^\\ ;
NA as SA but adds e |
;
TA
imyw, Nebs. 13.20). as SA but e ! for \\.

kmim ZA J^ ^\.|^,[, then destroyed -ht-f ZA ]^!-^; GB ^7|; JB om ^ ;

downto^iiy; B ^^.J.,. B, TAom. J|; SA^*^"; NA^^-^ .

1 In the original MS. the -^s^-sign has an urseus attached (see MOLL., Pal. II, 573).
86 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.20-22.

Section IV.
A/WWA

0\\
^ 4-z^ <
21 >
k 111
A no
lo

a DO

Section V. = (22)

(?) ZA, B _-. for ; GB prefixes wbn-f ZA r oi for


| ; JB om. w, SA,

,
-*- for ; SA Wsir N., then NA, TA for
^,
inserts
j^
before *.
destroyed down to Re ; NA PFsiy N. iht SA ^^>^-; NA as SA but \ for \\,

~\Jii TA >
]]
<s:>
-^ N -
duplicates <^ ; TA as SA but duplicates

adds
hsf-f ZA^for-j; GB.Bvfu; JB^for ,
j.

NA ^^^f^ 1 TA iiUt ZA GB *&&***> J B om 2nd Q2 SA


<f JL^
-
' > .
; ;
P ,?,

m TA om. TA add .
;
NA adds )
.

iw B i^. ^^ (sic) ZA, GB, B, SA, NA, TA 7"; JB


pty JB a^^fl). om.

Tm ZA *oi[, then destroyed down to Rf ; pt SA ^ ; NA adds ^ TA <=^. ;


'

GB, B insert
|^^> before
^ ; JB inserts nnk ZA r^-, [,
then destroyed down to sw ;

^ before ^ ; NA Ij8^^; TA l)o^^ f


GB, JB J& j]^ ;
SA N. ;
NA j]o^
pu> GBaddst)!).
N. ;
TA j]
<*>
^ N.

imy GB, B add |^\\ ; JB -|j- 1^\\ ; NA, TA sf SA destroyed down to sf (after ir, Nebs.

om. 13.22) ;
TAaddsi.
itn-f GB, JB om. ^ ;
B a for o, om. ft ; <-{ JB ], te
for
1]
; NA, TA < for
^ .

NA [|^0o^^_. ^-Aw' GB, JB, B ^ for ; NA, TA


kydd NA adds & to ky TA^. ;
T=L-
i?f ZA ]^ ; JB "ST ^ ;
B | ; SA, TA <2w/ B *
^ ; NA inserts e before o, adds ;

o^ NA ^o^.
;
TA inserts e before o .

pw ZA to be restored ; SA, NA, TA om. pty JB a


^.,|) NA J
^{^^ .

1
Quite possibly there was no sign over /.
2
Space has been left for a sign of this size, but not filled.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 87

Nebs. 13.22-23.

I I I

o A/WVW-^,
I
I

I
/wwv\ j
\ 1 1
o ra 1 I

/WWV\
IB IV I I I

ir B adds \\ . Hr GB j^ B %*w; NA ;

sf TA adds i .
ky Ad ZA destroyed down to dhn tw ;

Wsir GB &; JB jj<=^ ; B ; SA hrw GB |; JB ? NA;


rae o,;
TA
rD@ o
dwi ZA *^ r e~ K
1

[,
then destroyed down to pw B ^ ; TA adds
Nb-r-dr ;
B *
g ;
SA inserts e before 0, GB, B, NA, TA om.
adds ^; NA fc^go,; TA inserts e iw[-ri] GB, B, NA ~^ for
|
; JB as GB but
before o , adds .
]
sic
for
I)
TA Wsir N.
;
^ fJ
e
^.
.Rr JB |j;
B om. ;
SA o^; NA, TA mn-wyn GB f^ )^g (j
; JB ^<; for

hrw GB om. ; JB J^ ; SA ra[, then ^.^,^


ic
',
TA om.
destroyed down to mn-wyn; NA ro
j^Jpf ',
dhn-tw ZA prefixes =>, om. ~~; GB om.
TA ra e
"T", .
^ ; JB om. ^) ;
B L_a for
^ ; SA
pwy GB, TA om. ; JB ^_ ; B ;
^ ^^'
e TA^
Mm tw GB J^ 1^. g JB inserts ^ before ;
^ s^ GB ; JB = for Q, om. \^f ;

% B Jll^.^' NA PlJJI^e^; TA
'inserts
| before ^, om. Q p . TA
fyftyw GB *g- ; JB ^ for
^ ,
om. ; B pw SA D
[,
then destroyed down to ntr
om. ^ ,
*~*i tor ;
NA "^ for ,
om. n i
; (after hi, Nebs. 13.25) ;
TA J^_ ^ .

TA -* for - . ftf ZA, GB, B ; NA ^


TA om. ;

Nb-r-dr B adds (Hv>- ; NA om. 1st <=>. Wsir ZA j]<=>[^] ; GB ^^ B ^_ ;

5
hn< TA adds -^
.
"

T^-
shfri-tw ZA J^ for =^; GB om. == JB ;
\\ in ZA destroyed down to pty ; GB, B om. ;

for o ; B JJ^; NA pjVL oe TA as B ; JB ; NA. (j^.


but ^ for ==, adds g.
.

^/-/ GB om. ^j
1
^ ; B om.
srf ZA, JB om.
s*c
before
i
; GB om. ^ ; B om. r, -in (sic) GB ^ ; JB ^^ ;
B ^ ; NA,
inserts
J ^. TA^,^.
1 The hieratic form of this sign used by the original MS. is MOLL., Pal. Ill, 387.
88 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.24-25.
D
Section VI. (24) (<
o\\l:

\\ (W\ i in 4- 1: 3S
o D o (25)
(wo
i

i ra^Ts ^

4 A L&-i .mK^_ \\ l I I I

ir-n-tw GB, JB, NA om. ;


B ^ ; TA pw GB
oo
B i

<M-ntrw GB 0^ E )
=

j
e

] ; JB 03 "^ ( J ,
; B
ZA
^^^j TA ;
as NA but om. \\, inserts >
nw GB adds ~ ;
JB^^, ? ;NA adds ^;
before nttw. TA adds |
.

hft JB adds "^ ;


TA ^^. pw GB, JB, NA, TA om.
wd-i GB 4-Uj; NA * for \& ; TA rdi-n GB, B, NA, TA om.
fir ZA, NA, TA ^,0^ ; B ^ .

hi ZA ra
j^[, then destroyed down to fi ;.

sy ZA, NA PO ; GB, JB, B, TA sw. GB inserts


(| (|
before ^ ;
B om. ;
TA
imnt GB, B duplicate o ;
TA |_io^>. adds .

Ti ^^^ TT> Q
pw B GB
j /~* I *! T!> *~1
om. Mtr
|||i; JiJ p ,
Jo
| l(|
.

ir-n-tws GB om. ; JB adds \\ ;


B 6 GB, B, SA, NA, TA om.

om. . r-s JB !)|^ ; TAadds p..

r JB ;
B om. fhi-n JB om. ~~ ; SA, NA, TA om. A .

bsw ZA ^jj [ ,
then destroyed down to words rhrn-f JB 4_o for t_a ;
SA inserts e after

inserted before pw GB ;
^ |
; JB, B %' !
. for LJ; NA aa"V^ ;
TA
ntrw JB spelt as in Nebs.

wd B adds "^ .
sy GB ~; JB ; SA, TA p ; NA
Wsir GB ^^ ;
B ^ .

nb JB adds j
. hr-sn GB, JB, B J^ ;
SA . for <=> ; NA
smt GB om. c^~) ; JB om. : B inserts after inserts i after <=> ; TA inserts i after => ,

o om.,
!
. oforR.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 89

Nebs. 13.25-26.

Section VII.
Ci\\

Ti

0\\
Section VIII. J o-
Ji Q\\

-i SA ||[,
then destroyed down to Wsir ; 6/ ZA ]^ GB &%,' ;- ;. P fe]
?

^' ; JB %J ;

NA, TA om. ^ ,
add Wsir N. NA, TA^ ^. 1

i G*B, JB, B ^ for i


;
NA "^JL ;
w NA om.
Rf ZA, NA ^,0^ P "^f, then destroyed ;

ntr JB "I
!
sic .
down to bnw ;
TA 0^.
pw GB, JB,Baddl)l|; NA,TAaddl)HJL.
d ZA, JB, TA om. *; GB om. | B GB
;

ds-f adds f ^'.J JB om.


inserts under = NA ""^a ^
i
; .
iw^ ZA destroyed down tor/; JB *= Ij (|
.

2^ ;

JB om. (sic).
NA, TA Wsir N.
NA for; TA
p.

ZA prefixes *=()
p^for--. to GB, JB ^ 2
for
5 SA,
'

"^ JB
rf ;
TA ^^ 2
for
^; NA
pw GB, NA add I)
;
p adds JB
Wsir ZA destroyed down to b) GB ^ (|

JB prefix D p ;
B ^ .
;

adds (j I) ^; B adds j^fl I


SA adds ^ ;

TAadds(j(]f.
Ay' ^ GB om. ; JB om. \ \
;
SA ff
Iwnw P destroyed SA ; NA, TA add j^ .

NA adds u to ky ;
TA ^. |[ ;

#&z0 GB, SA, NA om. |j) j


; JB om. ~ try GB^
r n

B TA | for Bfl^^; SAl ^ NA


^, om.
;
adds "^ ;
|
.

<=> as for
-R f JB a ? ^ ; B ^ ; SA, TA
GB, P, JB, B, SA om. o\\ ; NA e. for

rn-f SA destroyed down to bnw ;


NA
^If^
1
'
TA in s ert s
^)
before ^- . GB, JB, SA om. ;
P ;
B ^ ;
TA
1 trace of any sign visible here the papyrus may possibly have been
But no ; left blank.
2
Hieratic form of general bird determinative (= M5LL., Pal. I, II, 217).
3
Sic ? No n ? Papyrus damaged here.
90 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.26-28.

JC
ii /ni.
Section IX.
^,(28)ftp|

o\\

ntt GB, JB, SA, NA ^ ;


P ^"TTT '
B om., nhh GB, JB, SA, TA om. ^ ;
NA om.
but see under previous word ; TA om. 2nd A
to be restored.
< ='
wn P destroyed down to hrw ; JB adds fl
;
hrw P a^ Jlo^ NAra^; TA rae ;
^ 1
.

SA destroyed down to ir (before nhh) ;


TA pw GB, JB ^ ; P, SA om.
duplicates ,
adds ^ . ir JB l\
sic
;
B add \\.

pty JB a^Jt,i||. grh P zs


[ ; SA ^fp^o ,
; NA, TA insert

rf ZA the <=> to be restored ;


NA *-=- sic . Q before 1
^, add Oi.
Wsir GB ^ ;
B ^ .
pw JB DS.C; SA, TAom.
pw ZA the n to be restored. ink B ^"^ ; SA, NA, TA Wsir N.

ntt ZA destroyed down to hh (after mtwt, tfhs .GB ^F ;


B ^^ ;
SA destroyed down
Nebs. 13.35) ; GB, JB, B, NA ^ ; TA to mtp-f; NA as GB but adds j^ ;
TA as

om. GB but adds \\


j^ .

wn GB adds "^ ;
NA [^j? e ; TA adds e . m NA, TA om.
ntr fi GB ~^~!n~-
a
^p ; JB ^p^tcsa Q
^g,
Prw-f GB Q for
\, om. m ; JB
B~^"V G T,?, P NA 1<
' ra
""=!<-.; B, TA om. %, .; NA
TA as NA but om. pw
; .

Ay
-^
dd B adds =n A.\ O a _ rdi-n(-i) GB, Badd^; JB for

Swtyi GB p^|; JB
; NA, TA add \\ to
/^i GB, JB i for >

nhh GB, JB, B, TA om, ^ ;


NA B> B sze,

^ze< B om. ir B adds \\ .

ir SA the
I]
to be restored. lihs GB =^r ;
B

In the original MS. this sign is without the ram's horns.


TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 91

Nebs. 13.28-30.

\\ 'Bi I I

(30)
\\

"^ ""11 <==>


I
.sal ^

Hr JB prefixes ^ f^,;
B ~~~
JLu^ V'
1
NU-ht B^jn^
^^ldc> '
^A TT^^-
Id O-*T '
NA
; TA as SA but j^ for j^ .

Tfl (replacing text in mn . .


sn QB Qm Jst _ ; JB 3; B -
Nebs, down to pw, after mswf,).
ior 1st *ftA "A*
.

70 GB om.
rv = A S* GB B SA TA m
ndi
'
TTD
GB t
for .
a
; JB
*
gS for a.
- - -

itf-f GB ^. r GB, JB ^ ; B f ; NA, TA om.

^ JB <=.s. tp-f JB ?', ^'^- ;


SA [.
then destroyed

Prw-f GB om. for in ; JB om. %, down to ffty ',


NA inserts before H^. ;

<=> for .A .
e i

GB om. ^ ; JB om. for


w B om.
wn-sn GB om. ; JB |jg TA ; duplicates
pw JB om.
inserts \\ before -.
fr Badds \\; TA
Arty For ^^ _g^ GB has ^^ B has ^. x ,
<
*
i
>
.

JB prefixes ^*^, ^^ 1 1
f r

^A x
^-^ ^ A prenxes
/^/ JB om. * ;
SA ai^- ;
NA the a to l^. <=> ^-'

be restored ;
TA inserts
S^
before *-=- .
for \\, ^
mt GB, B om. <=>
;
* JB
** tjp j*
|j.
A ; for ^
y*
iskTA ^
SA, NA have TA has ^ .
wy GB jSj^
^,
pwlr-n GB, JB, B, SA, NA, TA om. mn GB om. ;
B inserts o before NA
ist JB | for
^ ; B om. (^ ; SA, TA ^
^ to be restored.

for
^ ; NA as Nebs, but the last three tp-f NA, TA insert ^ before <.
signs have been written upon o^, which ky dd NA adds \\ to ky ;
TA "^
show through .
'

ir GB, JB, B, NA, TA om.

1
Hieratic form of general bird determinative (= MOLL., Pal. I, II, 217).
92 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW '..

Nebs. 13.30-31.
O o
\\ ]\\

(31) a
\\

Section X;
31 I

/WW\A n /""\

ify GB prefixes !j
, om. \\
,
2nd ^ ; JB ^ / B om. ^~; NA "^~
for *~- ; TA inserts

prefixes ^"s om. \\


;
B prefixes lj,
om. ^ before * .

wn-i GB duplicates ;
B om. ^ ; SA
wrty GB ^.; JB, B om. \\ ; NA ]N. ; NA Wsir N. for $ ;
TA A\\
TA J^i. li
JJ
<2>-^
"^f
iwwtsfc N.

ftfy GB ^; forfl(^ JB has \ fe < GB om. ^ ; JB ;


B "^ ^ ; SA,
B has J^, SA has QS NA has 'C

iwi B inserts over A-; SA t=^ for "^,; \\

twy^ GB, B insert


|^ before
Q JB ;
NA ^||^K^; TA inserts over A, <~~ \\

SA, NA as JB but add TA as JB but \\


;
for .
'

adds.*,.
*
itf-i GBom. ^;' JB^-fqr ^; B 1

4- GB, JB, B t ^ SA, NA, TA


SA for -^^ ; NA tfj
<wwww t >
for

rf JB <=.s.'<:.

Tm GB, JB, B insert | before ^ SA, ; st GB, JB, B, SA, NA, TA sw.
NA I]8S^^; TA I^J^^for ^. iht SA destroyed down to $(d-tw; NA.
ky dd SA \JJ dd NA adds to ky TA
;
\\
',
om. o, adds ^ ;
TA inserts \\ after ^,
^^
,.
sic duplicates en adds ,
^ .

Myfy GB,TA^; JB om. B^,^_; pw TA om. ;

SA as GB but ? for NA ^^-. nt GB, B ~*~" ;


.

/< GB om. $ JB inserts ^ before ^,


slc
pw JB ^i SA a then destroyed down
;
[, ;

to wn-i. ^for ^ B q^S.^. NA f or

^
; ;
^
Swty GB om. ],\', JB om. ] for , "nx ;

B om. "DX; NA^for (j^; TAom. p, s^j GB, JB insert m before ^ B inserts ;

before^; NA^|^^; TA tj^|^.


<
for nx.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 93

Nebs. 13.32-33.

Section XI. (32) i i i

C3
D N.
i i i

D
Section XII. (33)

>\\ >\\
0\\

dr GB LJ for n, adds ^ ; JB om. =>, shrw-i JB, B flj^,*?


5
;
SA destroyed down
adds o; B ^ f or ; NA, TA ^ for . to wfb-twi TA *^ for
;
^ .

GB B inserts B, TA om. o
<^
?
iwt-i om. ; JB e
^> for
\& ;
dwt JB adds ; .

rafter &, om. ^, "^; NA S


4*
K
' ^'^ JB 1^ B ^T^TTT^ ; TA-

TA om. o ,
* for
^. 1 \\ MK
fysr GB = for -*-, om. ^ ; JB a_n for L-o
1
JB

NA J!_ ff^^ TA as NA but J^ for ^ ;


r/ JB
JB, B, TA sw.
dwt-i JB om. i^sic; B om. Q; NA om.
si!
!

wfb-twi B ; SA ]N. ;
TA
for
"^ ; TA om. Q ,

B, SA, TA om.
f/ JB<=>fc.
hrw JB ^po; SA ra[, then destroyed
st GB, JB, B, TA sw.
down to rhyt ;
TA m e "^ .

mswt JB fliP
Q>
^ ; ; TA
;
NA om. \
prefixes , ,

TA
papyrus ;
m JB n^ ^^ m xs
>
B w :

TA /^]^^ w.
1 1 1
;
TA om. -

sSwy JB ^ "^^ ;

pw TA om. JB \* for

n B, SA, TA om. JB \ for *, ^.


sic
for

e
^ ;
B inserts

N. JB ^-sic N. ;
B om. ; SA, TA Wsir N. .
under -= ;
TA \\

1
The e is uncertain. What is apparently a corrupt form of it is written before the last
sign of the preceding word.
94 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.34-35.

(34)

/WVAAA . | Vt '1

(35)' 31 I

Nn-nswt B duplicates 1st ,


* for ^ . rn JB om. j .

JB ^^ ;
B prefixes ^sic; TA ky GB, B om. ^ ; TA for ^ \\ .

o r JB ens for csn ;


B for =
\> .

JB f^ 1 1 1
I
B prefixes j^ , om. Q ;
pw GB om.
~"" ===
TA J1 e III'
GB for 1; JB for TA
Tll^^fii: B JB \\ ;
JB as ' but ,;, ,;,

bird is ^; SA [
B !

B
n TA om. ~=
GB inserts a before ; JB j

B
for ^ ;
B ^_^j j^^ ; TA inserts

pw JB,

JB om.
SA add [j

B
I];
adds

under = SA
before ~=,
^ for Q .

ff o; inserts i
;
ky dd SA |f? dd ; TA adds \\ to ky.

j^ for
|
;
TA inserts J^e before
J
.

im s TA adds ^ .

pty 'JB D^O^(. GB adds JB ^ SA, TA Ji -hh


j
;
j
;
j
.

rf SA destroyed down
TA duplicates to ky dd.
rn
j^
for
^ , .

st JB, B, TA sw. n TA om.


hh TA ^i
wf TA adds &,.
.
|

rn TA duplicates
^ for ^ wid-wr B ,
for 3=1 SA destroyed .

n TA om.
downto^oy; TA ^.ll
*
^ tt
=
wf GB, JB, B, TA om.
rn TA duplicates ~~~, ^ for & .
.

wid-wr GB
"'"
| "^
for
"^ JB inserts n TA om. ;

before *; B (l^ * for


TA ky TA adds 5
; \\.

ky dd B om. TA adds to ky. ;


\\
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 95

Nebs. 13.35-37.

i i i

Section XIII.
IS I

! . \\

I i i i

<t- G*B om. \ ; JB '"T"^ r=a ; B om. hr TA ^i.


2nd o ;
TA ^ for 1=0, om. HI. rA*--l GB om. ^; JB om. <=>, ;
B
-M ZA],;,; GB, JB add TA |
;
!

^. .

\K^^^^. == ~ >
rn ZA, GB add

duplicates
B duplicates

r" -
~~- ,
-a
^ for
;

"^ .
;
TA
^
a
^ destroyed
, ,
down
,

to N-ir-f;
,T ,
GB
ZA - then destroyed down to wit ** '
'
'

ze'f

GB, B,
n

TA om.
l
[,

Jj .
;

f JB ^ m for '
B v .*" TA T-
TA om.

m JB om. I, ; B duplicates ;
TA \$ I
SA ]j^| ;
TA as B but
^
duplicates ^ for ^. for
^, adds

^
, j.

ky JB adds ^ B adds TA ; ;
adds \\ .
pfy JB a
^^{|| TA ^l)i^ ; .

ir B adds \\ . st GB, B, SA, TA sw.


grt GB l^s":; B om. TA J^ for ;
Q. Ri-stiw JB inserts i under -e- ;
B o^ for

ntr JB "]. 1 1 1
; SA QO for 1 1
1, adds j
;
TA om. 1 1
1,

pwy JB om. ;
TA adds J^. adds!^. '

JB om __a; B
st c
f/ GB om. fl;
,

J^^; #t JB n^ .

SA ^
GB
for
fl
;
TA inserts "^e before
B om. .-; TA prefixes
fl
. sbi GB, B *
^ ; JB c-a for

TA prefixes |^
^ ; SA
im-s -^>- for ; destroyed down to ibdw ; ,

Rf
A.
B^; SA o^;
/^T>
TA ^,0^. .
rsy GB om.
^
.
; ; TA
pw GB ^^. jH*^ n
[j=.
n
q^ .

sl
'

i.

dsf JB = e for ; TA "^[*. m B om. GB,


$m -i GB inserts before \&
&J.
B ; om. \$ <1-J.
; #-/?/ ZA 1^ * -* **-*+ ; GB
SA ty [, then destroyed down to mittyw ; JB "^"1)'^'" ;
B om. ;
TA as JB, but
.
.
for adds o.
,
96 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.37-39.

(38) fj I I

Section XIV.

fl W
sbt
ZA^^cm, then destroyed down to Tw GB t)^_^ ^^,'; JB \^_ $*
ky dd ; GB, B *
^ ; JB ^ for
^ TA ; B prefixes (]_, inserts ^.^ before

GB, JB om. ,
;
B ^ ;
TA om. \\
, hr-s TA^.flo.
adds I .

wdrf B c^^*; TAom.


(sic) GB tfhj^ ; JB prefixes (j
;
B sht-ifrw
- GB ^ for p
_1 ;
'
TB
**

B i for Q, inserts m, i under =>, om.

duplicates o TA JJJ^ ^^.^j wi110


;
'

grt GB om. ;
TA J^ for => .
spr-i ZA ]-^^ GB om. "^ TA^^. ; ;

JB ens for on B ;
^ ;
TA S3 for
*
CD. r TA adds ^ .

'

GB ^p; JB om. Q,
B ; ti GB ^
JB prefixes GS for ^^^
; , ;

u ^ ^ TTT TA as B but ^ f or
^ , B ^
TA Ste
T
om. <=. w TA om.
ibdw GB f j; JB f
for
f ;
B om. \ ;
/Wyze' ZA ^[i then destroyed down to
SA ]M, O ;
TAfJ^o.
pw TA om. B as JB but cm for
^ ;
TA as JB, but

&y SAp. \\ cm for


^ ^
,
for
^ .

dd B adds ^ .
pr-i GB om. "^ TA u_ for ^. ;

n
wit ZA ^j ^^ [ ,
then destroyed down to m TA <=>.
spr-i. sbt GB, B * JB cm for "fp TA ^ ; ;
^^
n GB, JB, B, SA, TA om. for 1

^.
pw TAadds fjtjJL- ^sr GB Q for
| ;
B adds o ;
SA [< .j^;
n GB om. o, adds ^; JB om. o ;
TA^forfl.
B om. o, ^ for ; SA ^i\.[, then

destroyed down to dsr ; TA si GB, JB, B, SA, TA sze.


TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 97

Nebs. 13.39-41.

I I

(40)

I
-A
uiumi

.&. HO D DO
^ Jb O
I
I

sht-iirw ZA ]e ; GB .a* for


^, adds J^ ;
sfeze< GB ^^jj; JB ;
B om.

JB
Q si
|^''
c
tar'\, \ sic
for
\ ;

n
B *
for

om.
for

for
; SA1S-1
'

;
TA
,
inserts i under <=>, om. i
, dupli-

cates o , adds ; SA inserts i after = ,


Sw JB om. ^ .

destroyed after ^ down to stsw ;


TA ky dd to <?/< :

ZA e for =>; GB $ for Q ;


B om. o ; GB(]^|, ^
TA ^ =. -Jl- ?
&. D
TA
i

for a. fl *" * r\ ' i

\ S I I c-a -^ e

r/ ZA, GB, JB, B, TA om. WWArt * ^j\


WvV i_ _

B
dfiw ZA ^\[, then destroyed down to SA <=>=l| fl *"& [,
then destroyed

GB ^4.'.'' B down to Imyw-bih.


imyw-ht (Nebs. 14.1);
C3O Jj U ^ "-*
^^^ ^_^ ._ *wvw _^^_
III*

TA om.
mmr ' J mmr
"
hi JB om. a ;
B f'f TA adds ;
.
.
\\ i ;fe" i i i i
'

transfers to before ^j TA inserts


A/^ GB ^ for
^ JB om. ^ ;

Q
, adds -^ ;
before
< >
^
(j(|

.
^

B om. TA J^O ^.
j
;
_j
GB inserts
^^ before ^, adds ; JB
B om. & TA == for Q
TA
grt ^ ^^
^
.
',

inserts
j^ before ; .

sbi GB,B *^; JB ^ ;


TA for GB inserts |^ before ^ ; JB as GB, but

TA
prefixes (j ^^ ;
B inserts
|^ ^> before ^ ;

pwy .

^sr GB o for B inserts Q before TA B om.


| ;
fl
;
A>"/ GB, JB f> -*- TA om i; e ;

JLfrfl. wdi-f Bom. ^INC) TA ijk^ ^. ;


11

sfo GB *
^ ; JB prefixes ,
cm for
^ ; iht TA inserts after ^ adds j^ \\
, .

iibtt GB, JB add coa TA adds ;


i
.

PW JB a
j^
sti:
;
B om. pn GB, B, TA ~^" JB^. ;

n TA om.
^ B ==,
98 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.41-43.
AAAA/VN
Section XV.
I

\\\ AAAAAA o
[Ml
wwv\ ra
1 I I
Ci\
(42)

0=-
d _ o^? i i i 111

43 ) D
I == CJ ^JT^^W (

iwjw- GB ()-{j-c=; JB prefixes lj<| ;


B w/ GB _|^if
* ; JB as GB but om. A ;

,!,
e e (W, [ } then destroyed down
-bfh GB . ii for JB B inserts
.
; ; ^ to m (before hrt-hrw) ;
TA as GB but
before
^ ;
SA 2^1 TA as SA but om. >
j
.
inserts e after "^. .

Q TA
JJMW GB insert **vv
before j
I
; JB, SA,
**
.
if
.

Fv TA
xx nm
U1H,
M.

om. B om.
j
'
;
a insert -v-"
sv before j.
i
x, f f
sff-y
m
Gr> om. n>
\/,
m ;
TD
JB om.
-
3J
.

,
TA
1A
* SA, TA om. C3ne=.'^a
fwy-tn
Jf GB om. %
Jf
\\
;. JB
J n o%^
Jfin ;
B w.}~f
,~~*
GB inserts A before
w
f
JB 4-0 for ;

om. i
, duplicates
-~ ;
SA adds ;
TA --
^^
--' TA L"
om. V.addsV-
B as in Nebs. SA then hpr TA adds j]
.

spelt ;
jj [ ,

down to "hi TA Wsir N. -^ m TA om.


destroyed ',
P J
.

pwy JB, TA pw. imyw- GB Ij-jj-^j; TA ]]o% &. ^


hpr GB, JB add vT ;
TA adds <=. -bth GB ^^ JB om. TA om. I
s1'"
J
i
; i,

adds 3^.
Rf GB om. JB ;

st GB, TA sw. Hw GB prefixes ,


om. ^; JB
snf JBom.^.;
pw GB adds (| I)
. TA
GB inserts \ \
A
before A ;
SA]^; TA Sii GB prefixes j[^; JB
inserts e before
adds ^ a v; TA
.
^ .

JB adds ? ; SA om. 2nd ,


adds ? ; wn JB TA adds e
duplicates ;
.

TA inserts =^= under t=m.. m-ht GB om. A TA ^ for A. ;

f
JB 2,^ ;
SA o^; TA Tfsir N. </ GB prefixes om. ^ JB prefixes I),
;
(),

TA om. adds -^ TA prefixes ;


I]
.

1 omitted by the scribe and afterwards inserted


In the original MS. these signs were first

above the word.


TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 99

Nebs. 13.43-45.
W AAA/WV /7\

f~\ f~\ |

Section XVI. "A ra


O I

D
(44)

X
i i i

A/WWV
(4

GB inserts
<=\ before ^ ; JB inserts pw GB adds ; JB J|_ ;
TA .

u
(] [)

J^.^ before $ ; TA "fllty,. ^/- GB JB


1
L_a for
for ,
adds ^ ;

m TAom. '

j; TA D^^^L^.

Ar^Aw GB S^; JB ^^1 ^.^o ; SA Stf JB ^^ TA y-j. ;

& raT, TA AJL raT,- w GB adds .tk J B om :


-

'f J B 2,? / GB u_a for - JB for


\ UJ ;
\ sic
,

nb TA om. for TA ^ for


"
;
o.

iw
mh-n-i
TA adds o^ N.
SA "^
j] ^ jj ^
then destroyed down to
. dnv GB
adds o
JB ^
"^o TA as GB, but
.
;
^ ;

,
[

pw ;
TA om. hrGB ^^ ; JB adds Q\
sic
; TA adds \ .

M GB, JB add ^ . n GB om.


m-ht GB om. A ; TA ^ for A .
# GB, JB 1 Uj for 2nd ^; TA adds ^ .

Aft-s(c) GBra\l|l]j2_; JBra\^J^ ;


Hr JB SA ^^. ^ ;

TA ra^J^.po. Aney GB om. \\,


^
for ^> ;
SA a for
^>,
Am JB J,^"' TA ra g^3 6
;
,
.
I
for is ; TA ? for is .

pw GB adds JB om. SA () I]
; ;
]fl
; TA StS GB prefixes ,
|^> for ; JB
adds i
Qfl.
i U
prefixes ,
= f or ^ ; SA ;
TA
1
(h) GB, JB i_a for j; SA e^ for ~j; 5-J^-
TA e^^ for o. < GB, JB \<=>.

rhwy GB om. ^^ ; SA, TA duplicate 'f. grt SA adds =. ;


TA = for o.

pty JBa^^il); SA a
[, then destroyed Dhwty GB ^ ; JB, SA, TA insert

down to Hr (after^). after ^.


JB; TAm.
t

Am fr SAadds^
1
In the .form a_o.
100 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.45-47.

t-4-

Section XVII.
1 1 1

AAAA/VA AAAAAft /WW1A

\\ \\ O

oai i _ ai
ra

1. f IP Z
nn GB, JB add ^ ; SA "], [ , then destroyed nt GB .

down to tr-s ;
TA u w rB^^; TA o^.
m TA om. GB TA
x s
^^Hf ; JB r-n-l \\ \\

dbfwf GB prefixes f^TTT f^. JB inserts ;


\\

under ^, adds ^; TA inserts ? before * -.


TIP-
TA x
\ for A .

few GB om. ^>, l_fl"vjjT


for o; JB om.
for
J ;
TA ^ for
j
;
TA om.

GB ^ ; JB ; TA '"

g/^
GB JB TA 1=-'
TA for o
'

=
'

"
om. GB -
B TA
' insert after

wdit GB ^ ;
TA inserts \ after *, adds ^, -<
s GB !3L I JB adds f .
British

Museum TA
tr-s
GB^ ; JB ^ for o, om ; SA portion of the papyrus ;

n GB, JB, TA om. nw GB


nSny GB S for ~^ JB for om. im-s
^
;
(m)TAaddo.
I
;
SA^
Q
N ^; TA for .
<<./ GB for o ^ ;
TA prefixes

s^ GB, SA, TA sw JB
~ .
sy GB TA .
;
S(V "^" ;
|e
M SA ? for i. r-ws- GB prefixes f^..
pw GB adds I) (j
.
nn TA ^. GB,
GB, JB om. |^ SA down GB ^^>'B "^ TA J
temwi destroyed
;
bg-s ;

to nb ;
TA for o \\ .
wi SA adds o TA om. ;

1
In the form 4 o .
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 101

Nebs. 13.47-49.

AAAAAA
AAAAAA \\ I
AAAAAA

LJ ffl

Section XVIII.
\ (48) O
AAAAAA
AAAAAA
D
D AAAAAA

AAAAAA

^-,' (49)^ AAAAAA


AAAAAA I 1

SAijf?^; TA^. mi-n-i GB inserts


j^ after
^; SA ]
N. ;

SA r
lfe 1?1
L-wwv.J
;
TA adds \\ .
TA inserts "W /0<\V /*t*vV
after 5>>
^ adds Wsir N -

irt-f SA ? for i.
Rf GB om. ;
SA o^ TA ;
^^.
pwy GB, TA om. SA adds c== .

pw SA J^
;
!| I]
.

ms3 GBadds ^; SA j|[l\ ; TA j|^ .

mr sy GB, SA om. \\ ; TA o for \\ .

^ SA -~~ ;
TA om.
hr GB, SA, TA ^ .

sf TA adds i
after o .

wn-s GB duplicates SA duplicates TA


GB, SA
; ,

hpdw If ;
"f.
inserts \\ before P ; TA duplicates ,
Mht-wrt GB om. 1st o, ^, for SA
before p, adds
~=s[, then destroyed down to
inserts \\ c,.

hr SA om. ;
TA ^i .

rmyt GB om. |^ ;
SA = ^ [,
then wdi -f GB wdi / wdi / (om. fl
in each case) ;

destroyed down to mrn-i ; TA <=


nw GB adds TA adds ."
nn GB ;
TA $(
.
j
; ,.

n GB om.
snwt-s GB om. Q TA oP Q -

^
;

nwt GB om. ;
SA for
j
;
TA om. o, !
.

fhf-in GB om. TA %~~"n .


f|
;

nt GB .

rf GB prefixes l|
.

TA .=^.
pt
"
GB ^ ;
TA inserts after
ky dd SA (|(|
. dd ; TA |
.

GB om. 2nd ;
TA twt SA g [ ,
then destroyed down to it

1
Or
102 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 13.49-14.2.
CW=><
o '

Section XIX. J (14.1)

I O" 11

a (2) *

^> TA J^. nwn GBaddsJ,-; TA


TA om. Imyw-fr ZA ] GB ^^
[
; ;
TA
Rf TA o^.
<ftev GB e for o ; TA G for o adds
,
i
GB ^.
r GB, TA om. ZA |[; GB o for ,
adds i; TA
mst / GB om. \ ;
TA om. o, inserts

before *~- .
hry-tp ZA [, then destroyed down to

rf GB | .

Hpy ; GB adds -^ ;
TA ^i ^.
6 GB om. wry GB inserts => after -^t, adds K<=^ ;
TA
TA == for
grt c> .
inserts <=> after "^s. ,
adds ^^
M/fi-wf GB om. 1st , $3 ; TA rib GB, TAaddi .

oBv- st GB, TA sw.


wdit GB ^ ; TA inserts \ after o, adds Msii TA om. \\
.

nt GB -"~~ .
Hpy ZA ]^ TA inserts after o ;
<a .

r n

rr GB ^ TA oj^. ;
Dwi-mwt-f ZA *^ ren ^'= = '^ >-<_-, 5^; :

rib GB, TA om. GB inserts o_o before ^; TA inserts

hr
^e^ before j^, o for <^, adds t.
Kbh-snwf ZA [| [,
then destroyed down

SA ] N. ; TA Wsir N. to hi GB ;
[^ ^ "l"^ ; SA (first sign to be

SA destroyed down to kbh-snw /. restored), TA


TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 103

Nebs. 14.2-4.

Section XX. /WWVA


I I I
!

I
^. itc I I I

/WVW\ I
AA/WV*
on .III I I I

-C2>- '"
i i i I I
(4) I I
i!
!i MI i
I

ind-hr-tn GB om. =, j
for <=>; SA o for Htp-s-hws GB om. first - =, j^, ,
W
u
'

^, ^ for = TA o ;
for
"^ ,
inserts
^ for W
TA ^JL,!* ^J^TTT ^-
;
1

after ^ wl GB ^
SA ] N. TA ~~ PFs^ N.
sic
; ;

,_ . T-, ii-toi GB \fe for SA .A e TA om. i

now 1 A j^
i
i

j& .
aa -
; ;

mtrt GBp^for
ru =^-
, , ,

= SAt^^J^
^ ;
r ,/ ^
^
, , - ,

;
Ay<
' SA *

*^
F.
-

Cici 1 ^' 1
dr-tn ZA, TA *2
f r GB om. ; SA
TA as SA but pp
for
^, om. 2nd ^.
down toir-n hpw.
destroyed
didit GB om. ^ ; SA, TA ii^1 ^- dwt TA om. ^, " "
i

^ ZA ; GB, TA f^f ; SA "f[, then nb ZA adds o GB om. ;


].

to wi (after m-tn). W' 1 ZA destroyed down to ipwy ; GB


destroyed ^own

ir-n-tn GB <= for first ~~~ ;


TA <=>\\ for
* TCV O
4 fl
first .

TA
Srt ZA r
V for ^ ;
GB om. tf ,
... ;
TA
^ QB Qm ^^ JA .

^^"uj- i^zey GB, TA for \ \ j


.

isftyw ZA HP[, then destroyed


down to
^^ ZA-jj-S^e^'; GB
ty'tn\ GB^for\ J TA IflP^^^v! *^-- 1

Sms ZA inserts e before A; GB om.

GB, TAom.
GB, TAom. &

1 A. H. GARDINER, A.Z. LXXIII, 74.


Sic, see
104 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Nebs. 14.4-7.

I
WVWV ^
(7) D
(5)
i i i i

o\\

Do
(7)

...._.. ^m& TA
om
inserts a before om. *- -

^, . \ !

hi inserts before GB inserts


ir n ZA destroyed down to ir k ;
SA ^ .
;

st-sn GB, SA om. !


;
TA jj ^ (1 ,7,
.

Ara TAju^,. ti ZA3 adds SA ;

Pf SA l|m|; TAasSAbut^for fl. ZA om. SA f or


e ;
\ \ ; TA inserts e

mi SA writes legs j^ TA writes legs ^ ;


.
after o .

ir-kZA [Q] ^^; ?


SA, TA om. . Dwi-mwt / ZA *
j^s ^ ^! [ ,
then destroyed

im TA adds =*=. down to HpS ; GB inserts o_u before


"j^ ;

^>i!y
SA a
[,
then destroyed down to Msti. SA *^ ^'^o^'^-; v
TA as SA but
inserts e before
st GB, TA sw. *| ,
^ before j^} .

GB TA
tin ZA om. ;
GB adds ^ ;
TA adds Kbh-snwf
J inserts "VVVVVt
after j^
IA
; SA,

ribw TA <^>.

wfi ZA for 2nd =>, om. 2nd o, c


w TAadds !.

doubtful
p

; GB ^$7 K ; TA ^^ Q 4 J
pi GB ^ st<!
;
SA destroyed down to imyw
(before mw, Nebs. 14.7).
S^ ZA destroyed down to didst GB om.
;

hp$ ZA ]^^ ;

TA^.V'-
^w TA
v
adds ^
GB TA
(j i]
.
ZAom. ; ?; ;

Awf TA om. didiw ZA^tjtjr.f,-!


GB, TA om. S
GB, TA duplicate
.

o. Set
but adds
ZA \forO; GBom.
^ TA
;

1
There was probably no sign here.
2 See note 1, p. 103.
3 Both ZA and TA, like the hieroglyphic texts, use <= in spelling this word.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 105

Nebs. 14.7-10.

i i i

iwvvw
1 1
(8)

II
D' AAAAAA
/WW\A P I O I I I

N.
I I I
(9) Jo
B ra
mm
(10)

isftyw ZA (1
[,
then destroyed down to Sbkw ; srmt ZA j^ |^a [ , then destroyed down

GB *=*> for
^ ;
TA inserts
|
before p, \\ to rib ; GB prefixes ,
om. j^, p for <=*
;

f or o ,
^ for . TA prefixes JL, inserts i
,
Q before j^ .

imyw-ht GB biw GB om. TA ^.' "** ;


j
.

Htp-s-hw-s hftywf GB for


^, (jfc
adds ^? ;
TA
prefixes ,
"^ for , (
.

Sbkw ZA e^ for ;
GB inserts
I]
before grt TA =. for o .

eQ
dwt GB ^ TA [1 ;
^ .

ZA om. ;
GB adds w& ZA adds [^] GB adds o ;
.

rnn
r
ZA--^.e |
; GB -fl-f^v; SA ]ke [!]; iryt(-i) ZA, GB om. TA tj'V'^^.^- ;

ZA om. GB duplicates -=>


'

; .

z 3
mw GB t)^-,^:^
1
;
TA adds ^ . N. ZA SA ] N. TA Wsir N. ; ;

Htp-s-hws ZA ^PJ^S. C ,M[> tnen De- SA destroyed down to Dwt-mwt-f;


stroyed down to wsr/; GB ^^^ ; SA TA
inserts Q a after =s= ,
the hand in A-7 holds
|
TA prefixes ^ |7T'^ i

instead of whip ;
TA ^^*~~ t&'^J5 -

^ ^r ZA ^(j
TA prefixes ^, adds ^
; .

M GB adds l)(j
; SA (? for TA add .), . A/ / ZA inserts rci" before A TA ^ for A 1
; .

2?f GB prefixes SA T" [c; I; TA ht TAadds ?.

nt ZA, GB, TA om.


'

fry dd SA destroyed down to N. ;


TA mwt-f ZA, GBom. ; TA ^^-^.
wnn-s TA inserts \\ before p, adds /Aw ZA destroyed down to Hpy ; GB om.

m-fyt TA ^ for A .

GB ** 7 TAom.
106 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 14.10-12.

r\
p / r\ MAw
IV 1 a

GB Ij g I
;
TA lj
a e J^. m-st ZA destroyed down to Wsir (after *) ;

Hpy ZA ]D ;
GB om. ^ ; TAinserts GB f ;
TA adds j.
(||)^

e after a . % rsw GB om. p, ^ for iss-j ;


TA

Dwi-mwt-f ZA *\el=="^^_^; GB FB ^Hf ]^- 1

inserts ^ before ", om. & ; SA n GB, TA om. FB destroyed. ;

GB
l"^^ ^ ^ TA '
1 1
'
as ZA but ^) for ===
^
'

ky dd TA "~ ~ FB ^=. '^ then ; I]


\\
, destroyed
o for ^=-, adds * .
t

down to /to.
Kbh-snwf ZA ^Jl^le^fi then de-

stroyed down to Hr-mhnty-n-irty ; GB


ZA spelt as usual, but the jj
to be
inserts ~~~ after
j|
; SA j^^^l^ *^-; 1

restored.
TA as SA but om. ^ . JJ
act
T^ A
I A ~*^*A
.

mt-n-(i)t-f GB om. "V, ; SA, TA duplicate ZA as Nebs, but to be restored GB


;
j

hr(y)-bik / GB inserts
J^ before
(),
om. =^, 7 ZA destroyed down to ki-n-rdi-n /, etc. ;

adds ^ ;
SA destroyed down to ihw ; TA FB destroyed.
J>JL J^\^ ^'^- tywy GB, TA [) % \
SA () \^ ;
FB as SA
r
Hr-mhnty-n-irty ZA ] ff)^^ ^^^ ; GB but om. .
.

s/ ^zei i ZA s^ pw Q ~~ ; GB """"7^!] f)
,' ikdfyd GB ^^c^,^ ,'
SA destroyed down
TA st [|
. to -f sy FB "^
;
[,
then destroyed down

tnpw GB om. ^ . to -hnty-hwt-f.


TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 107

Nebs. 14.12-14.
a==
aW 1 >WWV\ <WVW
<ww
u 5^J J

(13)^.0^0^
V
/WWW d I
r~vn

r cm
C<^>
A nil
]. i
o^o >-/ n Ji

o r
\\ L

k;-n-rdi-n-f-nbi- ZA destroyed down to <=>, GB ; TA 5 for

rest as Nebs, but <^? for


^ ; GB
FB
^^ 2
-^^,^~J'(|f], ;
TA3 om. first ,
isb-hr- GB Jft ; SA, TA isb ^i ;

^ after and after for J


inserts $ 'A<=>'

^
a < . I

(j,

GB om. SA A for * TA
ZA [ffl^r ra^[; GB -pr-m-htht ; ;

-bnty-hwt-f

then destroyed down to N-ir-f-.


JkoQ.
1
^' FB as TA but fl to be
ma- GB ^" ^_ ; SA _-^ o -[
?
,
then
restored, om. <^=, adds ^.
destroyed down tor-k (1. 14, in mir-k n-i).

fk-hr-imy-wnwt-f ZA destroyed down to y/ _ m_


-p^_ om
(in^^y y/sw, Nebs. 14.15) ;
GB inserts ^ -grh- TA inserts o after
jj,
adds .

before ;
- TA om.
~'trw
IQ]
i
[ ,
then destroyed down
GB om. TA ^i ; i.
to -insy.
" GBom. ^ TA |.i^B '^. ;

d$r-irty-GB prefixes ^'=, om. Qjj^,


adds
GB, TA om.
^; SA destroyed; TA for
^; FB
N-ir-f- GB ^1|=>^ TA om. ;
\
,
=> for
destroyed. 2nd <=>, inserts ^ after ^\, adds after i era ;

-ht- SA destroyed ; TA u ^ ;
FB
destroyed. / GB om. ^) ;
FB ^ for jh
.

1
Or GARDINER, Eg. Gramm., E.2 ? The sign is partly destroyed.
2
Actually the angry bull, GARDINER, op. cit., E.2.
3
The ordinary bull-sign *&l is used.
4 A trace of the legs is preserved.
5 See note 1, p. 103.
108 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 14.14-16.

] pA
I

Section XXI. O
\\ \\O [\\]

(16)

D I

\\

grt GB om. TA, FB ;


for a. = GB &%."^~ ^ ^ SA ] !* st<:
; TA
hrw TA m Q"^*, FB destroyed down to pw.
; fe< ^ ^^ FB as TA but insert *^~
;
before

pf TA adds \\ .
first
^.
n TA om. pty FB D [ ,
then destroyed down to Wsir.
r
wi GB, TA om. \\ . Wsir ZA adds n ; GB ^^ ; SA
r-k GB, TA prefix I).

m SA to be restored ? FB om.

dd GB om. rk-f ZA, V[ FBGB .for V- ;

Wsir GB ^^ SA j]o^. ; y ZA destroyed down to &/ FB destroyed. ;

^>z0
FB as Nebs, but D to be restored. Ddt GB om. o ;
SA destroyed down to hnt

n GB om. FB ]^.
(Nebs. 14.17) ;

#r SA, TA, FB o^.


gm-n-f GB prefixes f ~^ .

mi GB, TA, FB om. SA &J\^. '

\\
;
b, ZA^ GBfcV'' ra Vll^'
1

r-k GB, SA, TA, FB prefix .

im FB om.
im TA adds =
FB om. ;
I]

Rf ZA, FB oj^.
mi-n-i tw GB om. $ SA -^
4r *$v r
j^.L'
"""""

;
^
*t?v

th( n ZA f [Hf]? GB inserts ^ before .

then destroyed down to tiwy-fy TA ;


:

ZA destroyed down to fypr GB inserts


_>f; FB(|e _>.. ;

c before
Jwj5> GB om. \\
; TA, FB ^f=^ f|
.

imntt GB, TA a FB by by GB om. 2nd ky.


prefix <=>, duplicate ;

rhr-n GB inserts A before .

ink TA Ws^r N.FB ] N. jtpr ZA ^].


^
;

biwyfy GB ^%."^" TA ; ;
FB 6ey-^ ZA for GB ^ ;
for

ir GB prefixes .

GB om. \\
; TA, FB grt FB =
for o .
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 109

Nebs. 14.16-18.

\\

o \\ 511 \\O fe=? [\\]

D \\ AA/VAAA
io

tjwyfy |iii|; GB ZA $3' ;


GB ; TA
FB !|0 then [, destroyed down to nd-. Re ZA, TA oj^.
Hr GB ^. . h 6/ ZA^j'; GB
ZA^j' ;
TA
* For = ZA .has
^ GB ,
has Q ,
FB has <| . TTrfr GB
-^r- ZA.FBom. ; GB ;
TA
1
-<// ZA.FB TAom.
r
-mhnty-n-irty ZA f|J] for ffJJ!
,
inserts \\ ^cr^ imy ZA -[}-f^\ ; GB as ZA but prefixes (j
;

before2nd iGB^,;,^; SAff|^^; TAom.


FB as SA but inserts before o and 'f Sw ZA inserts o before ^ .

before-^. ^ ZA^V
^w GB om.
kydd SAff?^; TA^.
ir SA, TA, FB
n ZA om -

_%.
6y^ ZA fc,"VJ^;
TA, FB om. r>^ ZA ^ for Sx-

ZA inserts <=> before \\


; GB om. \\ . bfwyfy ZA prefixes [#] ,
%, for
^, e for

SA X [ , then destroyed down to grh (Nebs.


^ I GB ^ V '
TA V^
14 19)/
"
* TS FB @
' -

gi__^ |
Pwy ZA om GB TA -
5 -
e
ZA TA om -
'

ZA, TA |-V v
; GB as ZA but

destroyed down to the passage inserted by prefixes (j


.

certain MSS. after grhpwy n (Nebs. 14.19). Ddt GB om. o ;


TA v-^j o .

1 In this MS. the god-sign is to be restored.


2 Hieratic form of general bird determinative (= MOLL., Pal. II, 217).
110 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW

Nebs. 14.18-20.
[] /WWW X
Section XXII. D <
\\ _

ffi [/wwvv] ?
i i i

D
8I\ m^i r

(20)

Ink TKWsir N. ^ , adds ^ FB prefixes ;


fl
, inserts ^
miw ZA V ?
for ; GB om. \ ;
TA before
^
adds | ,
.

hftyw ZA ^-f for -


;
SA [K ^O ] jjjjjji ',
TA
GB adds ; TA .
H^.Q^ FB for o, \\ T for .

'B_^_; TA^^;. <>/ SA^for-^.


r
iSd ZA Q 2i[ then destroyed down to pty SA n[, then destroyed down to rn-f',

Iwnw GB -@* for Q TA e


; for
Q ;
^ . FB ^(j ^(
.

y GB, TA om. miw ZA []<=jj [l)e]^


?
i?; TA <=>s c
gfjlj^j ;

gs-/ GB om. TA om. < ; . FB (]<=> gljlja^!.

m TA om. ^zey FB TA, .

Jwnre' TA adds ^ . tt GB
ZA ~T TA as GB but adds
;
^ ;

^rA SA ]i
TA inserts e before ^=", adds.
; ^=1= FB as GB but adds
'^ '=.
I
k

pwy ZA, GB ^_ SA, TA add =. ;


^f ZA^o^; GB ^, TA, FB ;

% TA om. ~~"
o^.
After n ZA, GB, TA, FB insert the dd-tw ZA inserts before^; GB as Nebs.,
t is to be noted that the scribe first
following words :

j> e ymmm,
T/ o >^>/>>T-
<$.
\
I
^
--f
i i i
began writing dd-n . . . , then he erased
the n, which is still visible, and Wrote ^
s over it TA om.
GB
i
;

n-f TAom.
miw ZA FB
^
"
g[; TA, Jljljyj.
'

m ZA to be restored ; TA, FB om.


DG
ra<so, dd FB adds ~~.
TA nn *ST ^ f* "n A
ZAJ^; GB om. ^ TA e gj i- for
c* t rr A ffl _f a\
i n i o\\ stc
Sii ; .
^j
.

r-f TA=>.
ZA ; SA prefixes H, miw GB OQ TAom. % FB ODOVi. ; ;

inserts ^ before ;
TA inserts ^ before sw m FB om.
1
Destroyed up to here.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 111

Nebs. 14.20-22.

/SAAAAA
/WWV\
(21)

_
I III

AAAAAA
I AAAAAA

D A A/WWA
| AAAAAA |
| I I 'III
nn ZA, GB.TA,FB add ^. d ZA destroyed down to rf (Nebs. 14.25) ;

zV / ZA inserts <=> before ;


TA ^7 ^ GB -fr for TA e~f for FB ~^ for ;
()
;
?
i

().

hpr tA adds FB if. =^ sic


; / TA, FBom. ^.
w/ ZA destroyed; GB sic for =>; SA m TA om.
TA inserts before *<^. /WMW TA, FB add ^ .

tl^si) *T" j^
wnn TA, FB add
pw ZA
\\ .
destroyed ; SA om.
n TA om. SA ^ msw GB om. \$; TA, FB (f|p\ .

GB, ; .

miw ZA glje|!f SA FB as
S^ GB om. a$i; TA J^wj FB J^w. ;

;
Jj(]l]Y; TA,
^ze- TA, FB om.
SA but add j
.

hr TA, FB^i.
ky dd SA |f? dd TA ;
^ ;
FB adds \\ to ky.
w/c GB r
prefixes
-
'
,'
om. II
u
;
'
FB om. (1
u
wnn ZA ||]? ; SA, TA, FB add \\.
GB, TA, FB
t
hr om.
$w FB ^ for .
^)
ir>n-sn GB =>== ; TA ^(1o ;
FB o2\\

pw SA, TA, FB om. for .

hr GB, TA om. FB 1> ; <


. .
zf SA the is to be restored.
(|

to TA, FB ^. FB om. TA
grt GB, SA, ; merged into
imyt-pr ZA destroyed down to ^^w ; GB following word, q.v.
1

om. "jyj ;
SA destroyed down to ir (after grh SA adds ; TA ;* for
|,
adds ;

*r--sn, Nebs. 14.22) ; TA Jj- V\. ; FB FB inserts ^ after


A
.

n Gb FB om. TA om.
Wsir GB ^^ rhi-c GB SA e^ for L_a ;
TA
u
PT/ GB om. TA, FB ;
*

for o .

D csn
ZA .
; TA fk-sn GB Ji
^p7^; TA
sc FB for ;
vs A
v vx

.A!
n
1 1 1

1
These two signs are doubtful in FB.
2
Or possibly <=> ?
112 THE BOOK PR(T)-M-HRW
Nebs. 14.22-24.
n. a .ft. n cs \\ n Q
D v 1^
7T JS^s. L
^I^JIfWI F=^

Section XXIII. 1)4


Iu

/wvw\ fl /vwvwsic AA/WVA

ft nsnj I Ml O \\ Co]
ra
24 >
111 PI LI i i
<
ra

ram z
pw GB adds I] (|
; SA, TA, FB om. iht-f TA ^icm^l^^^; FB inserts \\

itbty GB o for \\
; SA destroyed down to hr ;
after o, duplicates cm, ^ for i^-.

TA.FB,.
pt GB TA, FB Ar SA the is to be restored FB ^i TA, .
prefixes 7" ;
;

fhf-n GB inserts ^ before Ut GB Jljfi^-;


SA JH","; TA
r w GB, TA, FB om.
iwfy GB, SA, TA, FB -^ for .

r/w GB Oa^L-fl ^,^fl


(?)

" snwf SA Q"^.


TA 0^
m TA om.
%ftw FB add ^
SA, TA, j
.

# TA, FB P=^.
slfdd GB pf"^; SA, FB ^ for y^; TA
TA, FB om.
j^ before 1st =, ^ for y^.
;
inserts
^ TA, FB^. hr TA, FB J> . .

"
rdr-f TA J* e ;
FB inserts before stsw GB p^j SA P^[, then destroyed
;

down to N. TA P^f==>; FB om.


;

imy- GB ;TA^o^fk;FB Sw FB p e ^ .

didi TA adds ^
FB adds ;
j
.

tn TA "~" .

-swht / TA, FB insert jk before * .

n FB ^ .

psd GB inserts \ before ^ ; TA o for


^ ,

rr/ TA, FB insert ^ before < .

adds j^; FB O for $.


shd TA, FB o for | end of FB. ;

m FB om.
tiwy GB adds TA adds ;
j
.

i/-/ GB om. ^ ; FB om *. fhw-f GB ^


TA1 FB , ofor g, add ^.

1
In TA the is to be restored.
TEXT WITH APPARATUS CRITICUS 113

Nebs. 14.24-26.