You are on page 1of 11

Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.

com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

Home / Technical Articles / Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors

It should be noted that the scope of motor testing depends upon the motor type and size, this being
indicated on the inspection forms.

Motor vibration shall be measured in a tri-axial direction, i.e.:

Point x axis – side of bearing housing at shaft height


Point y axis – top of bearing housing
Point z axis – axial of bearing housing at shaft height

1 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

The measurements shall be carried out with an instrument conforming to ISO 2954 (10-1000
Hz frequency range). With the motor at normal operating temperature, the vibration velocity shall not
exceed 2.8 mm/s RMS, or 4 mm/s PEAK, in any direction.

2 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

) y , g

50 µm for two-pole motors


60 µm for four-pole motors
75 µm for six-pole or higher motors

Bearing temperature rise limits following a ‘heat run’ of 3.5 – 4 hours are as follows:

Outer ring measurement max. 90 °C

3 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

Oil temperature max. 90 °C


Bearing temperature rise by RTD max. 50 °C
Lub. oil temperature rise from ambient max. 30 °C (for forced lub. oil systems).

When commissioning or re-commissioning motors, precautions shall be taken to


avoid excessive vibration caused by the phenomenon known as ‘soft foot‘; i.e. feet which do
not have solid flat contact with the base prior to the tightening of the holding-down bolts.

This may be measured and rectified during installation or detected during running by the loosening of
each holding-down bolt in turn while measuring motor vibration.

‘Soft feet’ are those which do not have solid flat contact with the base prior to the tightening of the
holding-down bolts; one or more feet may be ‘soft’ as shown in Figures 1 to 3.

The profile of the foot contact area may be as shown in Figures 4 to 6.

4 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

Figure 1 – Machine resting on 3 feet, foot 4 is raised or ‘soft’


Figure 2 – Machine resting on diagonal formed by feet 3 and 4, feet 1 and 4 are ‘soft’
Figure 3 – Bottoms of all 4 feet are not parallel with base, feet 3 and 4 are ‘soft’

NOTE: Re-machining of rotor feet is required in Figures 4 and 5; temporary use of wedge-shaped shims
may be acceptable (maintenance).

5 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

6 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

7 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

8 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

9 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

10 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.
Testing and commissioning procedure for electric motors | EEP https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/testing-and-commissioning-procedure-for-motors

Electrical engineer, programmer and founder of EEP. Highly specialized for design of LV/MV switchgears
and LV high power busbar trunking (<6300A) in power substations, commercial buildings and industry
fascilities. Professional in AutoCAD programming. Present on Google+

11 de 11 26/10/2018 02:56 p. m.