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son Dished Heads : Head Types Head Types ‘We manuficture a range of dished beads and cones to varying shapes and standards. This inchules Torispherical, 2:1 S Henispherical, Shalow Head, Cones and Cones for Pressure Vessels, Flat, Inverted Dish and Inverted Cones. sm Elipsoidal, Ler Torispherical. : A Torispherical heads are the most common type of head used for the manufacture of = pressure vessels and usualy the most economical o fom LKR The L.C.R is equal to the L.D of the head or less. We normally suggest allowing the 1LC.R. tw be between 90% to 95% ofthe LD ofthe head T The LK.R needs to be between 6% and 10% of the LCR ofthe head ‘The S.F is normally between 10mm and 30mm depending on the diameter and thickness ‘ofthe head to be formed. INSIDE Len 2:1 Semi-Ellipsoidal. 2:1 Semi-Elipsoidal heads are deeper than a torispherical head and therefore stronger and able to resist greater pressures, These heads are more difficu to form. ‘owning tothe greater depth required, As a resul these are more expensive to form than a torispherical head, but may alow a reduction in material thickness as IH SF LKR INSIDE the strength greater. The LCR is 0.8 ofthe O.D of the head, The LK.R is 0.154 of the O.D of the head. The maximum diameter we can forma 2:1 Sem Elipsoidal head to is 2310mm LD. The S.F is normally between 10mm and 30mm depending on the diameter and thickness of the head to be formed, Hemispherical. Hemispherical heads allow more pressure than any otber bead. However, the hemispherical head isthe most expensive to form, as they consists of a mumber of petals or gores, The number of which depends on te size of the head and the thickness ofthe plate to be used. The depth of the bead is balfof the diameter. Hemispherical heads are ako used in architectural applications by joising two hemispheres together to forma spherical ball, Other common. ishedheads.com aullocuments/160%-Head-Types 18 son Dished Heads : Head Types applications are for stainless steel cooking kettles wih steam jackets, o7 \ IR Shallow Head. ur SF s ~ Shallow heads are the most i - ‘common type of head used for the LKR ‘manufacture of atmospheric tanks and vessels and usually used on T horizontal tanks fabricated to ‘AS1692. These heads are not suitable for pressure vessels and @INSIDE INSIDE not recommended for tanks or vessels with external loads. Le. agitators, nozzies with high loads. If DEPTH “ unsure, you should have the design checked We normully suggest allowing the LC.R to be between 1.5 to 2.0 times the LD of the head, This can be adjusted ifyou require a specific depth of head, The LK.R for these heads is usually 32mm, Sram or 76mm depending on the diameter and customer requirements The S.F is nonnally between 1mm and 30mm depending on the diameter and thickness of the head to be formed, $ Cone. = j Cones are the most common type of head used forthe manufictue of atmospheric tanks A ss E_.,__andespecilly stains steel tanks, However they can be used in the manuficture of B%_pressure vessels subject to certain tera as listed below. (Cones for pressure vessel) Cone anges are variable and are at the dsertion of the customer. LKR |The LKR for most cones & usualy 25mm, 32mm, Siam, 76nan oF 102mm depending onthe dametr, thickness and customer requirements. We are able to form ger t Jkmckks on some cones, subject tothe material thickness and cone ang Cones for Pressure Vessels. INSIDE ‘The maximum internal apex angle for cones to be used in the fabrication ofa presswe ‘vessels 120 Degrees, The LK.R for cones to be used in the fabrication ofa pressure vessels need to be a minimum of 6% of te inside diameter ofthe vessel The S.F is nommally between 10mm and 30mm depending on the diameter and thickness of the head to be formed, @INSIDE Flat. LKR A fat end with a knuckled outer edge. ‘Typically used as bases on vertical atmospheric tanks and lds for smaller tanks J ‘The LK.R for mst fiat ends is usually 25mm, 321m and 5mm depending on the