0 views

Uploaded by Rushabh Patel

poij

- Heat Loss in Fins
- Blast Freezer
- Ada 319141
- Heat transfer problems
- Radiation preheating can trigger transition from deflagration to detonation
- Unit1 Conduction
- En 15255Cooling Load Calculation-Gen Criteria Validation Procedures19!09!2007l
- Introduction to Heat Transfer Module
- Natural Convection
- Active Pot Control Using Alcoa Starprobe-starprobe_tms2011
- Sc F1 - Chapter 7
- 5 IntroductionToHeatTransferModule.pdf
- 5_2
- Natural Convection
- Sc F1 - Chapter 7
- Calc
- Lesson Plan in Science 7
- thermal lab 2 manual
- PREDICATION OF NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT
- An estimation of thermophysical properties

You are on page 1of 17

Experiment – 5

AIM: Study and calculate the efficiency of fin in natural and forced convection.

DESCRIPTION:

Extended surfaces of fins are used to increase the heat transfer rate

from a surface to a fluid wherever it is not possible to increase the value of the

surface heat transfer coefficient or the temperature difference between the

surface and the fluid. The use of this is very common and they are fabricated in a

variety of shapes. Fig 1. Circumferential fins around the cylinder of a motor cycle

engine and fins attached to condenser tubes of a refrigerator are a few familiar

examples.

It is obvious that a fin surface sticks out from the primary heat transfer

surface. The temperature difference with surrounding fluid will steadily diminish as

one move out along the fin. The design of the temperature distribution is the fin. The

main object of this experimental set up is to study the temperature distribution in a

simple pun fin.

APPARATUS:

duct. The other end of heater is connected to the suction side of blower air flows fast

through the fin perpendicular to its axis. One ends of the fin products outside the

duct and is heated by the heater. Temperatures at five points along the length of the fin

are measured by Chromel Allumel Thermocouples connected along the length of the fin.

The air flow rate is measured by Orifice meter fitted on the delivery side of blower.

Schematic diagram of setup is shown in fig. 2. While the details of the pin fin as shown in

fig. 3.

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

SPECIFICATIONS:

2. Dia. of the Fin : 12.7 mm.

3. Dia. of the Orifice : 32 mm.

4. Dia of delivery pipe : 50 mm.

5. Coefficient of discharge Cd : 0.64 mm.

6. Centrifugal Blower : single phase Motor.

7. No. of thermocouples on fin : 5 [1 to 5 as shown in fig. 3.]

8. Thermocouple (6) reads ambient temperature inside of the duct.

9. Thermal Conductivity of fin material ( Brass) :

95 Kcal/hr-m- oC. (In MKS Units)

110 W/m oC. (In SI Units)

10. Temperature indicator : 0 - 300 o C.

with compensation of ambient temp. up to 50 o C.

11. Dimmerstat for heat input control 230 V 2 Amps.

12. Heater suitable for mounting at the fin end outside the duct

: 400 W ( Band type).

13. Voltmeter : 0 - 100 / 200 V.

14. Ammeter : 0 - 2 Amps.

THEORY :

Consider the fin connected to its base to a heated wall and transferring

heat to the surrounding (Fig. 4).

Let,

A = Cross Sectional area of the fin.

P = Circumference of the fin.

L = Length of the fin.

Ti = Average Temperature of the fin

TF = Duct fluid temperature.

Ɵ = (Ti - TF) = Rise in temperature.

The heat is conducted along the rod and also lost to the surrounding

fluid by convection.

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Let,

h = Heat Transfer Coefficient.

K = Thermal Conductivity of the fin material.

Applying the first law of thermodynamics to a controlled volume along

the length of the fin at X, the resulting equation of heat balance appears as :

d2 Ɵ hPƟ

− =0 .................. (1)

d x2 KA

Ɵ = C1 emx + C2 e-mx ..................(2)

h.P

Where, m=

K .A

with the boundary conditions of Ɵ = Ɵ0 at x = 0.

Where,

Ɵ1 = Tl - Tα and assuming the fin tip to be insulated.

dƟ

= 0 at x = L

dx

Now by Applying boundary condition in equation (2), we get the temperature

distribution:

Ɵ T−Tα cos ℎ 𝑚(𝐿−𝑥)

= = ………........ (3)

Ɵ0 T0 −Tα cos ℎ 𝑚𝐿

It is seen from the equation that for a fin of given geometry with

uniform cross section, the temperature at any point can be calculated by knowing

the values if T0 , Tα and X. Temperature T1 and TF will be known for a given

situation and the value of h depends on whether the heat is lost to the surrounding by

free convection or forced convection and can be obtained by using the correlation

as given below :

1. For free convection condition:

Nu = 1.1 (Gr.Pr)1/6 .... ....... .......10 -1 < Gr.Pr. < 104

Nu = 0.53 (Gr.Pr)1/4 .... ....... .......10 4 < Gr.Pr. < 109

Nu = 0.13 (Gr.Pr)1/4 .... ....... .......10 9 < Gr.Pr. < 1012

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Nu = 0.165 (Re) 0.466 ....... 40 < Re < 4000.

Nu = 0.174 (Re) 0.618 ....... 4000 < Re < 40000.

Where,

hL

Nusselt number, 𝑁𝑢 =

𝑘𝑎𝑖𝑟

𝑉𝐷

Reynold’s Number, 𝑅𝑒 =

𝑘𝑎𝑖𝑟

( 2 l 3 gT )

Grashoff Number, Gr

2

C

Prandtl Number 𝑃𝑟 =

𝑘𝑎𝑖𝑟

The mean film temperature is the arithmetic average of the fin

temperature and air temperature.

NOMENCLATURE :

N.sec./m2 . ( In SI Units).

KJ/Kg.k (In SI Units).

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

(In MKS Units).

W/m o C.( In SI Units).

(T1 + T2 + T3 + T4 + T5 )

= 5

T = Tm - TF.

Tm + TF.

TmF = 2

= Mean temperature

1

=

TmF + 273

The velocity of air can be obtained by calculating the volume flow rate

through the duct.

H .w

Q = Cd x d2 x 2g ( ) m3/Sec

a

4

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Where,

Cd = 0.64

Q = m/sec.

duct c/s Area

Tmf + 273

Vx = m/sec.

Tf + 273

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Tanh mL

= ..........(7).

mL

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE :

natural and forced conviction, the procedure is as under.

(I) Natural Convection.

adjust the voltage on dimmerstat to say 80 V (Increase slowly from 0 onwards).

also record the ambient temperature reading 6.

PRECAUTIONS :

1. See that throughout the experiment, the blower is OFF.

adjust the voltage on dimmerstat to say 100 V

2. Start the blower and adjust the difference of level in the

manometer with the help of gate valve.

3. Note down the thermocouple readings 1 - 5. at a time interval of

5 min.

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

(1) - (5) and also record the ambient temperature readings (6).

5. Repeat the same experiment with different manometer readings.

PRECAUTIONS :

1. See that the dimmerstat is at zero position before switching

NO the heater.

2. Operate the changeover switch of temperature indicator, gently,

3. Be sure that the steady state is reached before taking the final

readings.

OBSERVATION TABLE.

I Natural Convection :

Sr No V I (Amps) Fin Temperature( o C) Amb.(oC)

(volts) T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 Temp.

T6 = TF

1

2

3

4

II Forced Convection :

(volts) readings T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 Temp.

(mm) T6 = TF

1

2

3

4

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

1. Plot the temperature distribution along the length of the fin from

observed readings. (Fig 5)

get the value of h in natural convection.

locations along the length of the fin by using equation (3) and plot them (fig 5)

4. Calculate the values of heat transfer rate from the fin and the fin

effectiveness by using equation (6) and (7).

5. Repeat the same procedure for all other sets of observations.

1. Plot the temperature distribution along the length of the fin from

observe readings (Fig. 6)

2. Calculate the value of m and obtain the temperatures at various

locations along the length of fin by using equation (3) and plot them. (fig. 6).

4. Calculate the value of heat transfer rate from the fin and the fin

effectiveness by using equation (6) and (7).

5. Repeat the same procedure for all other sets of

observations.

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

CALCULATIONS :

calculation by using the theory. It is expected that observed temperature should

be slightly less than their corresponding calculated values by radiation.

II) The insulated tip boundary condition can be visualised on the

plot of calculated temperatures.

T1 + T2 + T3 + T4 + T5

=

5.

Where,

T1 to T5 = Temperature of Fin

Tm + TF.

=

2

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Where,

TF = T6 = Temp. of Fluid (Air)

ii. Kinematic Viscosity = m2/S

iii. Gravitational Acceleration g = 9.81 m2/Sec

iv. Prandil Number Pr =

v. Density = Kg/m3

vi. : Coefficientof Volumetric expansion = 1/( TmF+273) K-1

vii. Dynamic Viscosity = N.S/m2 OR Kg/m3

g . . L3 . T

=

2 . T = Tm - TF

Nu = 0.53 (Gr.Pr)1/4 .... ....... .......10 4 < Gr.Pr. < 109

Nu = 0.13 (Gr.Pr)1/4 .... ....... .......10 9 < Gr.Pr. < 1012

Nu x KAir

=

D

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Where,

D = Diameter of Fin

7. Slope (m) :

hc

=

KA

Where,

c = Circumference of Fin

A = Area of Fin

8. Effectiveness of Fin ( )

tanhmL

=

mL

(II) Forced Convection :

1. Average fin temperature (Tm )

T1 + T2 + T3 + T4 + T5

=

5.

Where,

T1 to T5 = Temperature of Fin

Tm + TF.

=

2

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Where,

TF = T6 = Temp. of Fluid (Air)

ii. Dynamic Viscosity = N.S/m2 OR Kg/m3

iii. Density = Kg/m3

H .w

= Cd 4 x d2 x 2g ( )

a

Q

= m/sec.

duct c/s Area

Tmf + 273

= Vx m/sec.

Tf + 273

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

7. Reynolds Number :

VD

Re =

Nu = 0.174 (Re) 0.618 ....... 4000 < Re < 40000.

Nu x KAir

=

D

Where,

D = Diameter of Fin

10. Slope (m) :

hc

=

KA

Where,

c = Circumference of Fin

A = Area of Fin

11.Effectiveness of Fin ( )

tanhmL

=

mL

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

1 TO 5 – THERMOCOUPLE LOCATIONS

Heat Transfer from Pin-Fin Apparatus

- Heat Loss in FinsUploaded byRemo Ram
- Blast FreezerUploaded bybhaskar
- Ada 319141Uploaded byRangga Hendri Prasetyo
- Heat transfer problemsUploaded byMohamed H. Shedid
- Radiation preheating can trigger transition from deflagration to detonationUploaded byv_karlin
- Unit1 ConductionUploaded bySiddesh Attavar
- En 15255Cooling Load Calculation-Gen Criteria Validation Procedures19!09!2007lUploaded bypophoria
- Introduction to Heat Transfer ModuleUploaded byCèsar Rivero
- Natural ConvectionUploaded byRudonja Nedžad
- Active Pot Control Using Alcoa Starprobe-starprobe_tms2011Uploaded byAntonSman
- Sc F1 - Chapter 7Uploaded byAzrul Effindi
- 5 IntroductionToHeatTransferModule.pdfUploaded byRoberto Gutierrez
- 5_2Uploaded byAerospaceAngel
- Natural ConvectionUploaded byLuthfy Aditiar
- Sc F1 - Chapter 7Uploaded byZarmilia Achik Lia
- CalcUploaded bysebaversa
- Lesson Plan in Science 7Uploaded byrogilie
- thermal lab 2 manualUploaded byNavaneeth
- PREDICATION OF NATURAL CONVECTION HEATUploaded bySattar Al-Jabair
- An estimation of thermophysical propertiesUploaded byWilhelm Röntgen
- Buoyancy-Aided Mixed Convection With Conduction and Surface Radiation From a Vertical Electronic Board With a Traversable Discrete Heat SourceUploaded byAjay Shukla
- ENGR135_LAB04 Free ConvectionUploaded bygigabyte3235840
- B_1_171129_CONDUCTION_v_25Uploaded bySandeep Mishra
- cfd assignment2Uploaded byspacegirl_tanvi
- Femlab Heat Transfer TutorialUploaded byclaude
- Us 6158499Uploaded byRohan Dutta
- Research PaperUploaded bySubharthi Sarkar
- Cardoso, R2Uploaded byOjeda S. Greif
- HMT nov2010Uploaded byravichandran1917
- conduction_heat_transfer_risha_2feb18.pdfUploaded byjaibalayya

- Computer Repairing RequestUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 4. emissivityUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 2.ice conveUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 1. Composite WallUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 0.HMT 1-3Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- Fpe Winter 2017Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- Efp SolutionUploaded byRushabh Patel
- T PatelUploaded byRushabh Patel
- Student Upload Sample 1yUploaded byRushabh Patel
- Triz FINALUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 02-08-2018Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- 2131005Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- yzuw44zytuwembty2y9u-signature-4aa7d94a378fffb4ecb5482841aaed28609995562df1f578fa49773d4cacc280-poli-170324085346Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- Dead Stock Verification ofUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 403Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- Viva EntryUploaded byRushabh Patel
- fhtUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 5thUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 0Faculty DetailUploaded byRushabh Patel
- Mech1Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- 3rd semUploaded byRushabh Patel
- 2990001Uploaded byRushabh Patel
- One Page Report - CopyUploaded byRushabh Patel

- P. E. Cladis, Helmut R. Brand and Harald Pleiner- Fluid Biaxial Banana Phases: Symmetry at WorkUploaded byKonnasder
- Power ConsumptionUploaded byKartikey Gupta
- Tensile Strength - Simple English Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded byAr Rupam Khunger
- Report Topic 4 - Titanium DioxideUploaded byRalph Fujita
- Honeycomb Attributes and PropertiesUploaded byJulia Garcia
- Preparation and Characterization.pdfUploaded byTomas Jefferson
- Drilling HydroulicsUploaded byLeopard Eyes
- Ce2251 Soil Mechanics - 2marksUploaded byrohit sharma
- 6. Synthesis of Poly PyrrolUploaded byiaset123
- phychmUploaded byInie Dimaano
- IEEE Research Paper - Organic Thin Film TransistorsUploaded bynader akhdar
- Mtech fjhhUploaded byMuthyala Akhil
- Owl DistUploaded bypmarteene
- report 2011-05-07.okUploaded byYGWH
- jntuk_m_tech_r16_md_syllabus.pdfUploaded byBajibabu Indurthi
- Principles of Siphonic Roof Drainage SystemsUploaded bysasan49
- 10_columns.pptUploaded byVv4H
- 36th Ramlal WadhwaAwardLectureUploaded byjuan pablo tangarife mota
- ThreePathInterference.pdfUploaded byShweta Sridhar
- Heat Exchangers - IntroductionUploaded byAbraham Juarez Luis
- Panagiotou and Restrepo 7-Story DBD - Final Rev 11MAY-1Uploaded byJorge Luis Garcia Zuñiga
- CFX_Combust_Radiation_14.5_L01_Intro.pdfUploaded byPratik Sankhe
- CBE Course Description July 2012.docUploaded byPhuong Le
- IMPACT STRENGTH AND TOUGHNESS OF FIBER COMPOSITE MATERIALSUploaded byVíctor Fer
- Winch DesignUploaded byzeek77
- 75599Uploaded byamdeva
- Auckland Uni International Formblock TestUploaded byNoe Landaverde
- 1.2929599Uploaded bysagar1503
- Referat Case StudyUploaded byRazvan Buzila
- ChassisUploaded byShukri Faez