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Kabar Itah

Edition 13: January-March 2007

Editorial Comments on the Musrenbang Process

From time to time I find it necessary to remind the


field staff about what we are actually attempting to
accomplish, because sometimes that is not
directly reflected in the activity they are involved
with.
A few days ago we had a discussion about how
best to organize a nursery for rubber seedlings in
one village. The villagers proposed to give each
person their own small plot within a larger plot that
had been specially set aside for the nursery.
Altogether about 42 people would be involved in
this particular village.
On the surface this appears to be a logical
arrangement, as each person is responsible for
raising their own seedlings. However, given that
our overall objective is to foster the strengthening
of local governance - in other words to facilitate
Government officials and village representatives discuss 2008
and support the strengthening of how the planning options for economic development in Gunung Mas District
community functions working together as a
community – then it would make more sense to
This is the second full season that level, just doesn’t happen without
find a way to collectively manage the nursery plot,
YTS has engaged with the substantial support and oversight.
and not divide it up into individual plots.
Musrenbang process, the annual This is something YTS is very familiar
This would mean finding a few people in the group government-sponsored with, as a large part of its work is
who would be willing and able to invest the time in development planning process that focused on community development
tending all of the seedlings. They would have to be extends from Village to Subdistrict to planning. The planning process
available every day, especial in the early weeks, District to Province over a three month requires a lot of facilitation and other
because it is a sensitive time in the seedlings’ period, starting every January. support to make sure it happens
development. properly, especially in the beginning
It is highly instructive to participate in
because everyone is learning.
By giving over trust and responsibility to others, the entire process, because it very
the larger group would strengthen as a group, and clearly shows how difficult it is to If the first step doesn’t happen
hopefully the effect of this would eventually ripple achieve the main aim of the properly, how is it possible for the
through the community, demonstrating the value Musrenbang, which is to make sure subsequent steps to function,
of collective action. that planning is informed with the because they are supposed to be
needs and aspirations of the dependent on inputs from
This is a small example, but it illustrates well community. In reality, community participatory village planning?
how easy it is to forget the wider objective when inputs are seldom well-represented, Therefore from a content perspective,
engaging with the community, and how good and when they are, they are very the process is flawed from the
opportunities can be lost if the institutional setting quickly lost in the process, as beginning, and hence what happens
is not organised correctly. government needs and interests take in reality is that those who take part,
over the agenda. mainly government officials, dictate
the content of the planning, which is
Bardolf Paul The process is bedeviled by some
far from reflective of the needs and
Director very basic shortcomings:
aspirations of villagers.
First, the overall grasp of what is
In order to improve the Musrenbang
needed to make the process fully
process, and make it adhere to its
functional is missing. The very first
primary objective, several changes
step, participatory planning at village
are required:
Kabar Itah ƒ Provide information to villagers well before the Musrenbang process that provides for all
Kabar Itah is the quarterly newsletter process starts on the government services, representative voices to be heard, so a
of Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta (YTS), an
afiliation of Kalimantan Surya Kencana
programs, priorities, and indicative budgets. balanced consensus can be achieved.
(KSK), a mineral exploration company. ƒ Provide technical and financial support for a ƒ Provide resources and a mechanism for
meaningful participatory planning process in selecting village representatives to attend all
Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta every village, and allow sufficient time for it . stages in the Musrenbang process
Patrons ƒ Establish a viable mechanism that compiles ƒ Set a realistic timetable for the entire process,
Jend. (Purn) Soetriman
and consolidates data from each village for with fixed times for each event at each stage in
Sumbin Gaman
Susilowati each stage in the Musrenbang, so that nothing the process, and circulate well in advance
is lost in the process
If these items can be addressed properly, the
Supervisors ƒ Design and facilitate a review and Musrenbang would fulfill its promise of equitable
Maulithawati Mustafa
Rini Ariani Sulaiman
consolidation process for each stage in the bottom-up planning.
Rashidah MacDonald

Executives
Bardolf Paul
Yuliani Kristinawati Meeting with the Governor
Asmiati
On 17 March YTS joined a presentation by KSK’s
Table of Contents
Mansur Geiger to the Governor of the province,
Edition 13, January-March 2007 Teras Narang. The presentation was designed
to provide a clear picture of current exploration
Editorial..................................... 1 and community development programs, and to
Comments on
give explanations on the reality and potential
Musrenbang Process ...............1 impact of a world class copper mine.
Pitching the Mining The session was very interactive: the Governor
Community in Jakarta .................. 2
responded very positively to the material and
Meeting with the Governor .............2
asked many questions about the potential mine
Social Mapping and issues of economic development at
Support for YUM.............................2 Drilling for copper in the KSK exploration area
community and regional levels.
World Subud Association Visit .....2
One of the prime issues facing KSK is the
More and more villagers
take up Rubber Production............ 3 Pitching the Mining Community difficulty in getting a forestry permit. The Governor
assured us that he would take care of such
Five More Villages in Jakarta difficulties himself, as he is keen to see the
join the YTS Network...................... 3
economy of the province develop more rapidly,
Final Workshop Wraps Up In Jakarta at the end of January, we presented our and he could see how important mineral
Global Mercury Project ..................4
strategy and approach for community development development was to achieving that.
Revising the Spatial Plan at an Australian mining conference called Austrade
for Central Kalimantan ..................4
2007. YTS attended this event together with
Agenda for 2nd Quarter ..................4 directors from our parent company, Kalimantan
Gold Corporation, and representatives from Oxiana Social Mapping Support for YUM
Limited, our new joint venture partner.
Published by:
Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta The topic of our presentation was: “The Key to In February and March, Yayasan Usaha Mulia, a
Jl. Teuku Umar No. 32A
Sustainable Development: Solutions from Jakarta-based development agency initiated a
Palangka Raya 73112
Central Kalimantan-Indonesia the Jungles of Kalimantan”, and we made the participatory social mapping process in six
Phone. +62 (0536) 3237184
following suggestions: villages close to Tengkiling, 35 km west of
Fax. +62 (0536) 3229187
Email:tambuhaksinta@gmail.com Palangka Raya. The objective was to obtain
ƒ That the mining companies in Indonesia baseline data on each community, particularly
establish an effective mechanism to pool details on education, health and livelihoods.
Editor & Layout
Mayang Meilantina resources and share results for finding Former staff member Ros Siana led the process
Kartie Vitamerry solutions on common issues. together with YUM local staff, and YTS provided
Editorial Staff
ƒ Mining companies in Indonesia should advice on the design and execution. A particular
Naumi collectively support the Musrenbang planning challenge was the large number of households
Saefudin Muthohar
Lihan
process as it is potentially the most effective – up to 900 in some cases.
Suwandi mechanism for fostering sustainable local
Simpei
Indra Partana development in Indonesia.
ƒ Focus non-mineral investment in capacity World Subud Association Visits
Bank Account development for good governance linked to the
Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta
Bank Danamon Musrenbang, especially with local government, In early February, the World Subud Association’s
Branch Palangka Raya as this is where one of the greatest needs is, chair Osanna Vaughn and vice chair Frederic
Number 11655412
because it is critically important to have Richard visited PT KSK and YTS in Palangka
We welcome any news, comments
smoothly functioning government services and Raya for a briefing on the activities of the
and articles related to community legislation. exploration team and the community
and regional development, and
we reserve the right to edit any
development group. This visit was part of a
Basically, these three points underline our focus
material in order to fit the avail- review of all activities currently taking place in
able space on collective action, working with the government
Kalimantan in order to get a better
bottom-up planning mechanism, concentrating on
understanding of the overall state of
capacity development for good governance.
development.
22 Kabar Itah - Edition 13
More and More Villagers take up Rubber Production

Rubber cultivation is very familiar to the province. This establishment could


Dayak people. For generations they have partner to share knowledge and experi-
been growing and tapping rubber trees ence with other similar institutes, such
in the forests surrounding their as the World Agroforestry Center in Bogor.
communities as a means of generating
extra cash income. One of the philosophies of this centre and
the government should be to support
In the past few years the government of local economic empowerment, starting
Central Kalimantan has been paying first with improving the existing livelihood
more attention to improving the quality and activities that people are most familiar
quantity of rubber production in the with. Local rubber production could easily
province, and has instigated programs to be improved with the introduction of
provide free hybrid rubber seedlings to appropriate management and
villagers, as part of a national movement professional practices through a program Local woman tapping rubber in Takaoi Village
for reforestation. YTS has been that runs over an extended period of time,
instrumental in helping villagers gain and is not just a short term or one-off
access to these seedlings. effort. This same approach could be Circumstances can vary widely from place
applied to other local livelihood activities, to place, even from village to village, and
Although rubber production has been
such as livestock or crop production. these differences have to be recognised
rising, there has been no effort to
introduce improved cultivation Current government programs focus on and well understood by those designing,
technologies and practices. Without providing limited quantities of free or soft planning, and overseeing any technical
these the possibility for productivity gains loans for seedlings, piglets or other assistance programs. There are many
is limited. Therefore, there should also material inputs. These programs have examples of waste and failure when this
be programs aimed at helping villagers very limited impacts, benefiting only a few is not taken into account.
improve their skills and knowledge on and creating a situation of dependency. It In 2007, YTS will continue to test a pilot
rubber production, in order to contribute would be far more effective to ‘empower’ program of technical support for rubber
to higher volume and better quality yields. local communities by increasing their growers that follows the above principles.
capacity to improve their production One new initiative is establishing village
One suggestion is to establish locally a
activities. The government could provide nurseries for propagating rubber
technology research and development
programs of continuous hands-on seedlings . This activity will be guided and
centre for rubber and other commodities
technical support to local producers that assisted by Fried Bandjang, our local
that could provide appropriate technical
would cover all stages of production and rubber expert.
support to rubber producers in the
post-production, including marketing.

Five More Villages join the YTS Network


The two main areas of support are (1) to help each village
make an annual village development plan and present this to
the government through the annual Musrenbang planning
mechanism, and (2) to provide technical support for economic
development via a self-managed village development fund.
The village development plan is central to everything else, so
YTS makes a substantial investment to ensure that it is done
well and represents the local reality, especially the needs and
aspirations of every individual in the community.
With a well-developed plan, the village has a clear sense of
what realistically they can do to improve local conditions and
livelihoods, and the plan can be used to get outside support
from government or non-governmental agencies, such as YTS.
In the new villages the planning process has gone fairly well,
although due to overlapping with rice harvesting, the level of
participation was lower than expected. The variation between
Villagers create a village map during a participatory planning process in Takaoi Village
villages is always interesting. Even though they are culturally
homogeneous, belonging to the Dayak Ot Danum ethnic group,
there can be significant differences in social and institutional
In the beginning of this year, YTS invited five new villages to join dynamics, as well as in social and economic welfare, despite
our network, bringing the total to 17 villages that we actively having similar livelihood activities.
support. The new villages are Tumbang Tajungan and Tumbang
Some communities have good leadership and a strong level of
Takaoi on the Hamputung River, and Tumbang Siruk, Penda
social cohesion, while others may suffer from internal conflicts
Rangas, and Tumbang Sian on the Miri River.
and division. There can also be differences in access to good
Before a new village joins the network, the villagers are informed quality land and other natural resources, as well as economic
about how YTS works and what obligations and benefits there resources such as gold. These differences have to be well
are in joining. The entire village has to understand and accept understood and adapted to when providing support for
this, before we sign an agreement to work together. community development.
Kabar Itah - Edition 13 3
Final Workshop Wraps Up Global Mercury Project Revising the Spatial Plan
for Central Kalimantan

The new provincial spatial plan will provide a


long term framework for land use zoning and
development over the next 15 years. One of the
main concerns is sustainable land use,
balancing economic exploitation of natural
resources with protection and conservation of
rare, sensitive, and valuable habitats.
The spatial plan, therefore, is a strategically
important document that needs to be carefully
reviewed by a wide range of concerned and
interested parties, especially communities and
those working at the grass roots, and those
from the private business sector who are
working with natural resources such as forests
and minerals.
On February 21st in Palangka Raya, the
Budi Susilorini from UNIDO with District Head Duwel Rawing during Final Workshop government conducted a half-day public
consultation on the proposed spatial plan. The
Final Workshop main audience consisted of government
officials from five districts, with some non-
The UNIDO Global Mercury Project officially closed March 15th. Prior to that governmental and private sector organizations
a Final Workshop took place in the district capital of Kasongan. The project also taking part.
presented key findings, results and highlights to staff from district Mining,
Environment, Health and Education departments. The workshop was The event was not well-organised: the time was
opened by the District Head, Duwel Rawing, and altogether 50 people far too short, and insufficient information was
attended, including UNIDO’s Country Coordinator, Rini Sulaiman, and provided beforehand. This severely limited the
Assistant to the Country Focal Point, Budi Susilorini. The local community opportunity for meaningful feedback,
was well represented, and 2 executives from Kalimantan Gold Corporation commentary, and discussion.
took part, Mansur Geiger and Murray Clapham. The spatial plan that was presented contained
The highlight of the workshop, after discussions in working groups was the elements that appeared to be completely
commitment from the four major district departments to carry on various arbitrary, with no rationale basis for their
aspects of the project. Already the province has committed up to US$45 designation. One of these was the boundary in
million to address environmental issues created by artisanal miners. some cases for protected forests, which was
delineated as a series of straight lines. Forest
YTS will be distributing a multi-media CD-ROM that documents project boundaries never follow straight lines, so
activities and results. Copies are available on request from the YTS office. seeing this raises questions about the whole
basis for the plan.
Policy Workshop If the spatial planning mechanism is to be
The UNIDO policy advisor, Darmae Nasir, conducted a one-day Policy meaningful, there must be a much more open
Workshop March 30th with participants from the Katingan District government, and less time-bound arrangement. Inputs are
YTS staff, and others involved in the gold trade from the project area. needed from a much wider array of
stakeholders - from villagers in remote areas
The focus of discussions was a draft set of policy guidelines aimed at to those living in urban centres. Much more
controlling the distribution and handling of elemental mercury in order to time, information, and much better facilitation
minimize human health and environmental impacts. One guideline specifies is needed to ensure this will happen.
the use of fumehoods and retorts to capture mercury vapour during the
burning of gold-mercury amalgam by miners and gold shops.
A full report on the policy findings and recommendations will be included in
the project documentation package. Agenda for 2nd Quarter

April
• Participatory Rural Appraisal in 3 villages:
Tumbang Sian, Siruk, Penda Rangas
• Training for rubber and pig Interest Groups
May
• Village Management Group training
• Present planning outputs to Subdistrict
June
• Strengthen rubber and pig Interest Groups
Fumehood modification to capture and recycle mercury; adopted by 17 gold shops
Kabar Itah - Edition 13 4