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Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking

Delegate’s Guide Book

ALSA Indonesia Study Trip in Bali
“Reaching Out The Harmony of Globalization Through Cross-Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking” Cultural



Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking

ALSA Indonesia National Board 2010-2011
Keshia Sifra Pandeiirot

Greetings from Indonesia! Globalization and the world’s changing order has become the current issue which is complicated yet challenging. This issue provides human beings with power and troubles. Several nations take globalization as a good opportunity for their economic sector to be developed and broaden. On the other hand, other nations take globalization as a threat, since they have not ready yet to face this era. This paradox situation shall be considered as the disparity of human’s understanding and ability to handle this circumstance. Culture is one of the potential ways to facilitate all nations to peacefully engage cooperation and communication to strengthen their relationship which hopefully could lead this world to a better situation. That is why, this year ALSA Indonesia would like to initiate this idea by creating an event which will be the place for ALSAians to gather and exchange their knowledge as well as promoting their cultures which namely ALSA Study Trip in Bali 2010. This event will take place in Bali, one of the world’s most beautiful islands, on the 6th until 10th November 2010 with the theme “Reaching out

Cindy Nur Fitri
Secretary General

Devyta Wijaya
First External Affairs Officer

Rizky Aliansyah
Second External Affairs Officer

Mario Gideon Mandang
First Internal Affairs Officer

Second Internal Affairs Officer

the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking”.
There will be symposium, table discussions, legal visits and cultural performances on this event. Should you have any queries, don’t hesitate to contact the undersigned. We are looking forward for your participation. Let’s live, learn and lead with culture! Keshia Sifra Pandeiirot Project Officer, President of ALSA Indonesia

Universitas Diponegoro Faculty of Law Jl. Imam Bardjo, SH No.1 Semarang 50241 – INDONESIA Phone +6285691791833 +6283869696921 +622749206900



It is my distinct honor and pleasure to welcome you to the Study Trip in Bali. it is suitable to choose culture as the main theme of this event. All of these activities are related to culture in a globalization world. As Indonesia is very rich with culture and tradition. held by ALSA Indonesia. and a fun Academic Visits! Take care and see you soon. Realizing the condition of globalization. Take your time to explore the study guide and do some research regarding the topic. we will discuss about current issues and try to seek a resolution. Devyta Wijaya ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. The member of ALSA around Asia are the future leaders of Asia and even the world. The delegates could find the way to live. a fruitful discussion in Table Discussion and Table Rotation. Table Discussion and Table Rotation (you can find the program details enclosed). Truly yours. we have 2 Symposiums.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Academic Visits.LEARN. My name is Devyta Wijaya and I’m in charge of Academic Activities and Delegate Relations in this event. so you can familiarize yourself with the subject matter. For Academic activities. Study Trip in Bali is the very first Study Trip held by ALSA Indonesia. we pick the theme “Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization from Cross-Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking”.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Greetings from Academic Activities Coordinator Dear delegates. I’m wishing you an enlightment in Symposiums. learn and lead with culture is our goal.

and the interaction trough communication with the globalization principles emerged.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Our Visions: • to focus a global vision on the promising future of Asia • to promote an awareness of justice • to facilitate the recognition of the social responsibilities on law students.Study Trip ALSA International Activities are: . Since the information technology growth rapidly.Student Trainee Exchange Program (STEP) . took place in Jakarta during the 1989 ALSA conference. responsible. committed and ALSA at glance Asian Law Students’ Association Asean Law Students Association (hereinafter ALSA) was formed on May 18th 1989 by a group of law students from ASEAN countries. Therefore.ALSA Magazine . as well as promoting friendship among the students and to facilitate the exchange of information and newest legal issues.LEARN. Taiwan. Asian Law Students' Association (ALSA) is a nongovernmental and nonpolitical organization whose members consist of the law students from Asian Countries. ALSA accepted it as a strong motivation to expand the network and friendship between the law students in ASEAN countries with law students from the rest of Asian countries.ALSA Conference (AC) . The agreement to form ALSA.ALSA Forum (AAF) . Our Objectives: • to understand and appreciate the diversity and share the ideals of law in society through exchange and communication among Asian law students • to motivate law students to develop a creative spirit through a network of joint activities among Asian law students • to encourage the enhancement of the capabilities of Asian Law students to become internationally minded. Malaysia. which are Indonesia. on September 7th. socially academically legally skilled. Annual events of ALSA are: .AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Singapore and Thailand. and Hong Kong) agreed to merge their organizations through the Tokyo Agreement to become Asian Law Students' Association (ALSA). The purposes of ALSA are to promote a better understanding and appreciation to different legal systems on each country. Philippines. More than 10000 law students in Asia joint to ALSA.ALSA International Academic Program (AIAP) . Korea.International Video Conferences (IVid) ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. China. 2002 ALSA and the other Asian countries which unified in the Asian Law Students' Association (Japan.

AND LEAD WITH CULTURE .LEARN.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.

000 members who are law students from: Sriwijaya University .Padjadjaran University – Diponegoro University . In the meantime. such as: Legal Coaching Clinic ALSA Care Environmental Project (WWF Supporter: Sahabat Harimau) ALSA Weekly Legal Review ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.Jenderal Soedirman University .Sam Ratulangi University .AND LEAD WITH CULTURE .Brawijaya University – Syiahkuala University Annual events of ALSA Indonesia are: Musyawarah Nasional (National Assembly) Pramusyawarah Nasional (Pre-National Assembly) Outward Bound Rapat Pimpinan (National Governing Council) National Seminar and Workshop Moot Court Competition ALSA Indonesia also has annual academic.Gadjah Mada University Hasanuddin University . ALSA Indonesia has more than 1.University of Indonesia . Divides into 12 Local Chapter which is consist of diverse state universities around Indonesia and headed by a National Board.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking ALSA National Chapter Republik Indonesia ALSA Indonesia is one of ALSA’s founding father. social and environmental project.Airlangga University Jember State University .LEARN.

high quality and quantity of manpower. This event has the following details: Date : November 6th – 10th 2010 Participants : 50 delegates from across Asia (ALSA members) Activities : annexed Theme: “Reaching Out The Harmony of Globalization Through Cross-cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking” Globalization and the world’s changing order has become the current issue which is complicated yet challenging. is one of the potential way to promote cooperation and exchange communications among Asia nations. This paradox situation shall be considered as the disparity of human’s understanding and ability to handle this circumstance. learn.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking ALSA Study Trip 2010 Study Trip is one of the most favorite ALSA events for its members. ALSA Thailand. exquisite cultural properties and also prosperous natural resources. But apparently. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. This issue provides human beings with power and troubles.LEARN. Asia as one of the prominent continent which is granted with a strategic geographical location. it is honor for ALSA National Chapter Indonesia to host this year and the very first ALSA Indonesia Study Trip 2010. On the other hand. Some nations take globalization as a good opportunity for their economic sector to be developed and broaden. ALSA Japan and ALSA Malaysia had successfully hosted this event on the previous occasions. and lead with culture. should have hold the key factors of harmonization of globalization.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . In the meantime. since they have not ready yet to face this era. Culture. Culture is not only something from the past that we can only enjoy and have it as a heritage but moreover it is the time for the future leaders to take the challenge to live. some nations take globalization as a threat. which fully promote the communication and joint activities among Asian law students. Communications and cooperation is the main key for Asian countries to start its step to unite and develop together. most of Asian countries still far left behind with the European countries and Latin American countries which is currently engaged their integration to strengthen their cooperation with regard to prepare their region for the open market era. There are colorful activities on this event including academic activities and culture exchange activities.

Symposium 2: Local Wisdom as Global Solution Objectives: • To give an introduction to participants about the local wisdom in Indonesia and Bali in particular • To give an understanding to participants about how to make the law lives in harmony with the society and how important this situation • To open the participants’ mind about how local wisdom can be used as global solution. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Academic Activities: Symposiums Symposium 1: International Patent Protection Towards Cultural Heritage Objectives: • To give an understanding to participants about International Patent Protection • To give a deeper knowledge to participants about the importance of International Patent Protection and how it works overseas • To give an understanding to participants about the relation between International Patent Protection and Cultural Heritage.LEARN.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE .

religious. Cultural Property The United Nations term "cultural property" includes sites having archeological (prehistoric). But if culture is clearly delineated for the purposes of state management and the creation of new intellectual properties. middens. and other artifacts recovered in the exploration of past civilizations. So speak up and don’t let your thoughts remain unspoken! Table Discussion A: Cultural Claims and Cultural Property Disputes as a Challenge of Diplomacy A. and to exploit culture have assumed a new urgency.LEARN. Table Discussion of ALSA events is a very traditional one. The rapid loss of cultural property in many countries is irreversible and often unnecessary. having participants from different countries to talk about the same issue is very interesting and try to find a solution for the issue is even more challenging! The resolution that you will made together with the fellow delegates in TD will be submitted to UNESCO as the document. Municipal governments see cultural amenities.1. it is also evoked in anti-globalization movements that contest growing forms of corporate hegemony. There will be 4 groups of Table Discussion. Then there is the intellectual property. therefore. A. the languages. shrines. Cultural property can be divided into several categories and ancillary issues. preserve. the music and the writings. the bones and ceremonial burial items of the ancestors. attractions. and unique natural values. and social values as important resources to attract labor and capital and engage in cultural planning exercises as they seek to brand urban space. the delegates will discuss about culture and globalization. Background Under conditions of globalization. There is the "real property. Cultural property. the ideas and practices. paleontological. The ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Rural spaces become culturalised as traditions are constructed to establish market distinctions for local goods and traditional knowledge is valorized in international environmental treaties. maintain.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Table Discussions In this Study Trip." comprised of the land. encompasses both remains left by previous human inhabitants (for example. legal claims to protect.1. and battlegrounds) and unique natural environmental features such as canyons and waterfalls.1. Cultural diversity has become a matter of state concern and fears of cultural homogenization animate movements to promote a revitalized realm of cultural policy. historical.

that answer. retarding resolution and increasing resentment.1. Cultural Claims and Disputes Disputes regarding cultural property are a common irritant in international relations. often cannot take into account the political. and who owns it. Indeed. and ethical climate into which a dispute was born or in which it continues to exist. Much also depends on the particulars of the bilateral and multilateral agreements. and so unresolvable—as evidenced by the long-running ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.2. which stipulate whether and to what degree one will honor another's export restrictions. whether for academic reasons or for their own reasons. A. "traditional legal norms are often incapable of addressing the special problems of cultural property. when the dispute is between nations.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking protection of these properties and the way in which indigenous cultures can deal with the people outside their culture who wish to learn about these things. That's probably why such disputes have a habit of becoming so emotional.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . These passions in turn harden the positions taken by the parties involved. religion. national pride. by its nature." Even when international law can provide a correct legal answer as to the ownership of a specific object. what the object is. politics. and national history. may have violated civil law. Therefore. such as conflicting evidentiary standards and statutes of limitations. illegally gotten cultural property is generally covered by a nation's stolen property laws. depending on which country we're talking about. But transport that cultural property across a border. while legally correct. if any. These disputes stir great passions because they touch upon questions of cultural identity. Therefore. and political grandstanding tend to take precedence over law. an import or an export prohibition. all but guaranteeing that this conflict will continue to simmer or that future relations between the parties will suffer. or a combination of the above. moral. they implicate a variety of legal norms and raise complex choice of law questions. this answer may be deemed illegitimate by one or more of the parties involved. are dealt with here. Because most cultural property disputes are international. Within most countries. between the countries in question. criminal law. some such disputes have remained unresolved for decades if not centuries.LEARN. Obviously.

which then controlled Greece Greece—a move that thereby saved them from destruction during Greece's War of Independence and by modern modern-day Greek air pollution. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education science. there is currently no permanent and universally acceptable framework for their resolution. Despite the frequency of cultural property disputes. UNESCO. were legally purchased by Lord Elgin from the Ottoman Empire. so far. provides each bearer of such expressions a sense of identity and continuity. It also had made some conventions regarding the illicit exportation and trafficking of cultural property as well as promote the restitution of objects to their countries of origin. known as intangible. Both nations regard the sculptures as their cultural patrimony. each dispute is approached on an ad hoc basis. Associate Members. with over 50 field offices and many specialized institutes and centres throughout the wor Most of world. and culture in order to education. which escalated about 20 years ago. and the human rights along with fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter. UNESCO had initiated work on a new multi lateral convention to require such international multi-lateral cooperation. Many years of research te undertaken by UNESCO on the functions and values of cultural expressions and practices have opened the door to new approaches to the understanding. Rather. insofar as he or she takes ownership of them and constantly recreates them. therefore the purchase shouldn't count. The organization is based in Paris. Yet Greece counters that the seller was an occupying force. This living heritage. through diplomacy. Britain holds that the sculptures. there are also national and regional offices.2.2. rather than in court.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . the field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries. UNESCO has 193 Member States and seven . Nations established on 16 November 1945. protection and respect of the cultural heritage of humanity. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.1. the rule of law. The Role of International Organization in Cultural Property Disputes A. further universal respect for justice. removed from the Parthenon in the early 19th century. Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO. Perhaps that's why Greece. has attempted to resolve the matter Greece. is a specialized agency of the United .LEARN. together with the states member had made some conferences to discuss about cultural property and illicit trade in particular. A. But Greece didn't exist as an independent nation until 1832 and patrimony laws can't be applied retroactively.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking brouhaha over the Elgin Marbles. UNESCO The United Nations Educational.

1. By creating educational programs and media campaigns in partnership with academia and the communications. In recent years. SAFE Saving Antiquities For Everyone (SAFE) is a non-profit organization (and bearing in mind it’s not an intergovernmental one) dedicated to preserving cultural heritage worldwide. A. It promote respect for the laws and treaties that enable nations to protect their cultural property and preserve humanity’s most precious nonrenewable resource: the intact evidence of our undiscovered past. if necessary. it offer concrete ways to invest in the shared stewardship of the world's cultural heritage. International Law Related to The Cultural Property Since the end of the Second World War. Its espouse accurate.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Its value positive.3. the existence of this kind of organization is also important to tackle the cultural property issue. The State Parties to this Convention "undertake to prohibit. professional research combined with dynamic outreach and public education.2. prevent and. several international conventions have been enacted to combat the theft. A.3. pillage or misappropriation of. it has received international recognition and its safeguarding has become one of the priorities of international cooperation (finally). With a positive approach. living heritage is very fragile. Its mission is to raise public awareness about the irreversible damage that results from looting. The awareness of individual is also very important because it’s the basis of cultural property protection. Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (The Hague 1954) and Protocols The Hague Convention was adopted in 1954 in response to the looting of the artistic and cultural patrimony of Europe during and after World War II.LEARN. innovative projects driven by passionate and determined individuals. Although it’s not an intergovernmental organization. A. and any act of vandalism directed ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. put a stop to any form of theft. smuggling and trading illicit antiquities. illicit exportation and trafficking of cultural property as well as promote the restitution of objects to their countries of origin. SAFE encourages ethical behavior to stop the trade in illicit antiquities from destroying the history that belongs to us all. collaborative. SAFE envisions a world in which looting and destruction of cultural heritage sites and the marketing and collecting of undocumented artifacts from such sites will be unthinkable.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking As a driving force of cultural diversity.2. legal and law enforcement communities.

Furthermore. Most recently.3. State Parties pledge to oblige antiquities dealers "to maintain a register recording the origin of each item of cultural property." (Article 1) Among other things. literature. Unfortunately.2. 2008. Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (UNESCO 1970) The problem of the illicit trade in antiquities—and the strong incentive for pillage of archaeological sites that it creates—was addressed at the international level by the adoption of the 1970 UNESCO Convention. 108 countries have ratified this Convention and 87 have acceded the Protocol. As of December 18. Sweden and Switzerland in 2003. each State undertakes to prevent the exportation of cultural property from a territory under its occupation during an armed conflict. cultural property" in time of war. Moreover. a State that occupies "the whole or part of the territory" of another State Party is obliged to assist the authorities of the occupied country with the protection of its own cultural patrimony. A. [and] description and price of each item sold" (Article 10a)—a requirement that would obviously serve as a very powerful deterrent to the illicit trade. and allows State Parties whose archaeological or ethnological patrimony is in jeopardy from pillage to ask other State Parties for help in protecting the affected categories of materials. prehistory. Iraq ratified in 1973. is specifically designated by each state as being of importance for archaeology. The Swiss ratification is particularly heartening news. The United States ratified the Convention on September 25. which on religious or secular grounds. 2003. Thus far 103 countries have joined the Convention. since Switzerland has long been a major center for the trade of art and antiquities illegally exported from other ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking against. this convention obliges State Parties to prohibit the importation of cultural property stolen from a museum or monument in another participating country (Article 7b). history. and Denmark.LEARN. on the alleged grounds that regulation of antiquities dealers is best left to state and local governments. art or science. declined to implement Article 10a. Britain and Japan joined the Convention in 2002. through measures that may include restrictions on imports and exports (Article 9). Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import. According to an annexed Protocol. including Iraq in 1968.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . the U. and to confiscate and return "cultural property imported into its territory either directly or indirectly from an occupied territory". The United States adhered in 1983—the first major art-market country to do so—and simultaneously passed specific implementing legislation: the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act. The convention defines cultural property as "property. names and addresses of the supplier.S.

and it aims to clarify the extent to which importing countries are obliged to respect other countries' export-control laws. it includes. More specifically. Questions A Resolution Must Answer (QARMA) Finally. in June 2003 the Swiss parliament adopted strong and comprehensive implementing legislation. The UNDIROIT Convention should thus be regarded as complementary to the UNESCO Convention on cultural property. A. for instance.4.3.3. The resolution should answer these following questions: 1. delegates have to make a resolution that is comprehensive as an answer to the issue. Moreover.LEARN. we witness the emergence of a new cultural politics of difference in place-based movements that draw upon international indigenous and human rights traditions to establish their claims to livelihood resources. as it does not impose particularly onerous obligations on participating countries. This Convention has received wide international support.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking countries. Thus far.3. A good diplomacy is needed to solve the problem challenged by the legal recognition of cultural assertions and the stakes and limitations of cultural claims. and of natural sites. and cultural survival. only a handful of countries have joined the UNIDROIT Convention. full enactment of Article 10a. How can we reduce the number of cultural property dispute? How can each country manage its cultural property’s protection? 2. such as buildings and monuments. such as geological formations and the habitats of endangered species of animals and plants. UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (UNIDROIT 1995) The UNIDROIT Convention aims to harmonize the laws of participating countries regarding claims for the return of stolen or illegally exported cultural property. How the countries utilize UNESCO as an intergovernmental organization to tackle the issue regarding cultural property? How can countries maximize the application of ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. A. it allows private individuals to bring claims for the return of stolen cultural property that has ended up in a foreign country.4. A. territories. After a fruitful discussion in the Table Discussion.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (UNESCO 1972) The 1972 UNESCO Convention on World Heritage aims at the preservation of immovable cultural property.

Yet. Culture defines our heritage and helps in our personal and national development. behaviour and instinct in the economic realm go back to our cultural upbringing. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). in many other it makes sense to use the ROs term to stress the more limited scope of a particular individuals. They have been established to foster cooperation and political and economic integration or dialogue amongst states or entities within a restrictive geographical or geopolitical boundary.1. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.1.2. European Union (EU).AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . or geopolitics. Culture And Regional Organization Culture is our legacy and our future.1. They both reflect common patters of development and history that have been fostered since the end of World War II as well as the fragmentation inherent in globalization. However. How can countries enact in a diplomatic way when they facing the cultural property disputes? What spesific measures need to be taken by countries immediately to tackle this problem? Table Discussion B: Culture As A Part of Regional Organization B. the Organization of American States (OAS). B. Background B. Most ROs tend to work alongside well-established multilateral organizations such as the United Nations. An essential part of our culture is our value system.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking international conventions that has been made by UNESCO? How the countries can also use other organizations to manage this problem? 3. Many economists and policy-makers tend to downplay the role of cultural values in business and economic decisions. their membership is characterized by boundaries and demarcations characteristic to a defined and unique geography. as a nation and as a region. While in many instances a regional organizations are simply referred as international organizations.1.Examples of ROs include the African Union (AU). the Arab League.LEARN. such as continents. Regional Organization Regional Organization (RO) incorporate international membership and encompass geopolitical entities that operationally transcend a single nation state. We draw upon it to shape our identities . such as economic blocks.

Laos. The organisation holds meetings. Bangladesh.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking We know that state members of Regional Organization’s home country. India. with ASEAN in a leadership position. the state member of a regional organization should utilize the differences of their culture to enrich the organization and to make it more solid. the state members should respect each other despite of the different culture. climate and shared historical experiences with each other and with countries outside the region. known as the ASEAN Summit. social progress. ARF objectives are to foster dialogue and consultation. Since then. Cambodia. and Vietnam. commonly abbreviated ASEAN is a geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia. and promote confidence-building and preventive diplomacy in the region. Malaysia. B. Singapore and Thailand. The members of the summit are all 10 members of ASEAN together with China. Furthermore.LEARN. it is consisted of 27 participants. the Philippines. Therefore. which was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . The ARF met for the first time in 1994. ethnic group. Beside the meetings among ASEAN countries. socioeconomic background. membership has expanded to include Brunei. the protection of the peace and stability of the region. multilateral dialogue in Asia Pacific region. there are behavioural inclinations that cut across societies of the state members that have been shaped through the centuries by common geography. Work habits. the People's Republic of ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. religion and professional experiences determine his/her values. Australia and New Zealand Beside those meetings above. As of July 2007. The current participants in the ARF are as follows: all the ASEAN members. Nonetheless. in a regional organization. official. and to provide opportunities for member countries to discuss differences peacefully. ASEAN also held a meeting with other neighbours country. ASEAN The Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Canada. Australia. where heads of government of each member meet to discuss and resolve regional issues. Burma (Myanmar). South Korea.2. as well as to conduct other meetings with other countries outside of the bloc with the intention of promoting external relations. The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asian forum held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region. Japan. cultural development among its members. energy and security and the summit has a role in regional community building. Its aims include the acceleration of economic growth. ASEAN have some other meetings. but the most famous one is The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) is a formal. views about time and life-opportunities vary from country to country. The summit has discussed issues including trade.

B. Mongolia. Papua New Guinea. Timor-Leste.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . territorial disputes and. more recently. hence. since both countries are the member of ASEAN.have been embroiled in occasional disputes over matters such the treatment of migrant workers. which has since been withdrawn. Russia. Malaysia has apologized for the use of the Balinese Pendet dance. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. the European Union. hence. mainly as plantation labourers and domestic maids. In June. These kinds of dispute bring both countries into high-tense relationship. The latest controversy is not the first time that Indonesians have been up in arms over the perceived theft of their cultural icons.1. Japan. India. It also struggling to obtain intellectual property rights to protect the region's various communal arts and cultural products on the international market. cultural and religious identities. Case of Cultural Dispute Between Countries Member of Regional Organization Indonesia and Malaysia often have a dispute over cultural heritage because of the neighboring location and similarity in some aspects. New Zealand. ASEAN as a regional organization has adopted approaches and strategies to enrich the existing value-systems of member countries and to consolidate a collective value system that will be the foundation of an emerging ASEAN community.LEARN. Jakarta stopped sending maids to Malaysia temporarily until the two countries agreed on new measures to provide better protection to the workers. claiming that the mistake was made by a production house paid by Malaysia's Tourism Ministry to produce the commercial. A similar spat erupted two years ago over the use of the Indonesian folk song “Rasa Sayange” in another Malaysian tourism advertisement. As in ASEAN. United States and Sri Lanka. and anger has been on the rise over reports of abuse of migrants by their Malaysian employers. Indonesia and Malaysia both predominantly Muslim . B. Pakistan.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking China. Both countries are the member of ASEAN. About 2 million Indonesians work in Malaysia. the organization should find a way in how to prevent this kinds of problem. cultural icons. Despite sharing ethnic. they already done some spesific measures such as held a conference regarding this or build a specialized agency. South Korea.3. and issues regarding the Taiwan Strait are neither discussed at the ARF meetings nor stated in the ARF Chairman's Statements. Current Situation Most of the Regional Organization realized that culture is one of the thing that can tighten the bond between countries member. North Korea.] The Republic of China (also known as Taiwan) has been excluded since the establishment of the ARF.3. it has form a committee on culture and information.

etc.1. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. and in other hand also promote culture. higher pay. education have always been an important issue for many sectors.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking B. Most theories look at communication as a process. Education in A Globalization Era From centuries to centuries.1. Background C.4.1. How can the nations enhance the cooperation in culture among the member of regional organization? How can nations utilize culture to tighten the bond of the member of regional organization instead of causing a dispute? 2. The disparate education level of countries is still clearly seen.1. As for globalization. Questions A Resolution Must Answer (QARMA) Realizing that culture is one of the most important instrument in regional organization. How can the regional organization prevent the possible cultural dispute of its country member? How can the regional organization react if there’s any cultural dispute between its counties member? Table Discussion C: Education As A Foundation of Multicultural Communication C. How can the regional organization accommodate the different culture of each country member towards the union of the organization? What spesific measures should be taken by the regional organization in order to promote culture in its region? 3. The diversity of culture between nations could caused a gap in the communication.2. education take a very central position as main foundation to compete with other nations. hence understanding and high solidarity is needed to reach an effective communication. The resolution should answer these following questions: 1. TD B will find a resolution about how to use culture to make a solid regional organization. C. In the Global community. Multicultural Communication Researchers and educators can use communication theories to understand and improve multicultural communication. self acknowledgment. and in recent decades this view has become its own field of research in a variety of disciplines.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE .LEARN. this should be realized by the global community as a global problem and the young generation as the future leaders should take this challenge to make a better education to reach the harmonization of globalization. the communication is very intense between nations to nations or even from person to person. A good education promised a career advancement.

the outcome may result in conflict for the minority groups. the complexities of multicultural communication become obvious. however. reserved and expressive cultures. It is very important to study nonverbal language before speaking with people from a different culture. the taciturn Japanese and Germans may regard such displays as childish and immature. Even if we do not have the opportunity to study other cultures in depth. Other differences are topics of conversation. Based on these models. While establishing relationships with people is the most effective way to accomplish this task.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . In East and Southwest Asia. If the majority culture uses communication to promote the political or sociological agendas of that group.and low-context cultures. From a philosophical perspective. To be effective in multicultural communication we must anticipate audience expectations. the differences are striking: the way people greet each other. however. philosophers also consider its necessity in the situation. people feel uncomfortable with too much eye contact. Latins seem to wear their hearts on their sleeves. intense eye contact than reserved cultures. marketing promotion slogans are translated into ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. These factors influence the intensity of the communication and focus particularly on the peculiarities of emotional responses between the participants as well as the respective degrees of satisfaction regarding the communication. the other participant must be satisfied through the communication as well. They trust people who show their feelings openly and distrust those who mask their emotions. Because we are becoming a more globalized world and our borders continue to disappear as companies merge with overseas companies. people often do not have this opportunity. However. When communicating with someone from a different culture. Even to walk side by side talking and walking at the same time would be “impersonal and cold”. the primary aims of communication are to promote one’s self or to develop a sense of identity. and how hand or facial gestures might be interpreted. In observing other cultures. People in North America maintain moderate eye contact. and even the way visual information is seen and perceived. collectivism and individualism. some of the most important concepts to know are the differences between high. More expressive cultures tend to have more direct. dress. which can be known only through the study of the culture. its localization.LEARN.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking When analyzing communication. They would see this as a sign of dishonesty. and the activity through which the communication occurs. what topics are appropriate for discussion. In contrast. negotiate and resolve conflict. most North Americans would not be comfortable with a person who would not look them in the eye. particularly if they are approaching the communicative process as a means to develop self-identity The need for effective multicultural communication is becoming more prevalent in the world as countries do more business globally and borders disappear. we must know some basic concepts.

2. science and culture in the Southeast Asian region. Most of the field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries. but it is a standard that must be achieved C. with over 50 field offices and many specialized institutes and centres throughout the world. SEAMEO Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) is another international organization (regional organization it is) that concerned in Education.LEARN. UNESCO The United Nations Educational. Its mission is to enhance regional sian understanding and cooperation and unity of purpose among SEAMEO Member Countries and achieve a better quality of life through: • • • the establishment of networks and partnerships the provision of an intellectual forum for policy makers and experts the promotion of sustainable human resource development ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. The scope of SEAMEO of course only covered the Southeast Asian. there are also national and regional offices. Communicating effectively with people from other cultures is not simply a s problem to be overcome. The Role of International Organization in Education and Multicul Multicultural Communication C.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking many languages. correspondence with people from other cultures. audience preferences must be accommodated. Nations established on 16 November 1945.2.2. Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO. and new technology becomes more prevalent. It will take effort to learn the most appropriate ways to communicate. UNESCO has 193 Member States and seven . further universal respect for justice. SEAMEO was established on 30 November 1965 as a chartered international organisation whose purpose is to promote cooperation in education.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Associate Members. is a specialized agency of the United . The organization is based in Paris.2. Student exchange programs pr are becoming increasingly popular If people travel to another country or even have written popular.1. and the human rights along with fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter. and culture in order to education. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education science. C. and it should not be perceived as such. the rule of law.

3. The most recent collaboration is with The Republic of Korea. However. especially literacy skills. many countries have an active Ministry of Education. life skills and cultural understanding of students. such as foreign language learning. Thailand. SEAMEO has done some projects and events. though implementation may need to proceed in steps. People in more remote or agrarian areas are sometimes unaware of the importance of education. whereas this is much more of a rarity in the supposedly "more educated" countries where much of the population is in fact monolingual.LEARN. Valuing folktales as a tool for improving the quality of primary education. while working towards some short-term achievements. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. this project aims to promoting cultural understanding and exchange through folktales. Education As A National Affairs The basis of education of course depends on each country. for example. C. outside intervention should be conditional on an impact assessment of national capacities at various levels. it is not at all uncommon for students in many developing countries to be reasonably fluent in multiple foreign languages.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization in collaboration with the Asia Pacific Centre of Education for International Understanding (APCEIU) organized the SEAMEO-APCEIU Regional Meeting on the Use of Asian Folktales in Classrooms on 10-11 August 2010 in Bangkok. partners should commit to a long-term investment in capacity development.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking In order to achieve its goals. the degree of education is actually much higher than in industrialized countries. Sustainable capacity development requires complex interventions at the institutional. it’s also cooperate with other organization such as UNESCO and some countries outside the Southeast Asian countries. they should embrace an integrated set of complementary interventions. strategies must be context relevant and context specific.1. the number and seriousness of the problems faced are naturally greater. and in many subjects. there is no development. But without capacity. organizational and individual levels that could be based on some foundational principles: • • • • • national leadership and ownership should be the touchstone of any intervention.3. A study conducted by the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning indicates that stronger capacities in educational planning and management may have an important spill-over effect on the system as a whole. Current Situation C. In developing countries.

org ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. and the curriculum in relation to labor force needs and global competition.wikipedia. and a low acceptance rate for good universities. therefore we must be ready for a multicultural communication that has been more intense past years. • • Due to globalization.itu. What spesific measures should be taken by the international organization to solve this problem? How can the resolution by the international organization implemented evenly? 3. student academic performance and standardized testing.unesco. and unequal access to educational technology join other perennial issues in education such as gender bias and the bilingual education debate. New problems. over structured.4. How to make people still develop and respect their own identity while trying to make a multicultural communication? Sources: http://www. increased pressure on students in curricular activities Removal of a certain percentage of students for improvisation of academics (usually practised in schools. after 10th grade) The problems of education commonly relate to funding. there are uniform. How to make education as a foundation of this communication is very important.nyu.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . The educational system as a social institution and individuals’ educational experiences and levels of attainment are key factors in addressing other social problems. In some http://www. Questions A Resolution Must Answer (QARMA) We are now living in a borderless world. How to tackle the multicultural communication problem? Such as the different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. overcrowded and unsafe schools. TD C will seek the way to tackle this problem and make a resolution that should be answer these following questions: 1. teacher quality and the status of the teaching profession. inflexible centralized programs from a central agency that regulates all aspects of education.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking A lack of good universities. is evident in countries with a high population racial imbalances and equal educational http://www. such as teacher shortages. C.LEARN. How can each country enhance its education level in a globalization era? How can countries cooperate with the international organization to tackle the multicultural communication issue? http://www.

delegates will visit some famous places of interest of Bali and experience its exquisite traditional culture. Garuda Wisnu Kencana Designed and built by Nyoman Nuarta. the statue is picturing Lord Wisnu. as the source of wisdom. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. Diplomatic Discussions Building Diplomacy with Culture Prospective trip: Foreign Consulate in Bali Prospective activities: Consulate visit and discussions and watch cultural performance and attraction Trips Cultural Trips In cultural trip. the perennial goodness. the Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue or GWK and its pedestal building will be standing 150 meters tall with its wings span 64 meters across. Made from more than 4000 tons of copper and brass. there will be a visit to courts and or law firms’ aims at letting students learn more about different legal systems and working conditions of lawyers of each country. Here are the visits: 1. Here are some places of interest on the trip: 1. one of Indonesia’s foremost modern sculptor.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . usually. riding on the back of the mythical bird Garuda as the manifestation of conscience toward Amerta.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Academic Visits In other ALSA International events. interact with Pecalang and other culture of Bali. Traditional Living Law: Law Lives in Harmony Introduction of Pecalang and how it works in Balinese living laws and customs Venue: Deputy of Cultural Bali Activities: Lectures and explanation about Pecalang (Balinese traditional police and public security) and Prajuru in Bali. the academic trips will be different yet interesting to join. On our upcoming ALSA Indonesia Study Trip 2010. 2.LEARN.

Festival Park. Bhatara Rudra. Street Theater. in Uluwatu’s case. the statue of Garuda. At present time. especially the young generations about the importance of preserving and cultivating world’s cultural heritage.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . God of the elements and of cosmic force majeures. Amphitheater. Dreamland Beach located about one hour from Denpasar. For tourist who loves Surfing also able to test their skill here because this beach also has good waves. The cultural park will provide attractions for both local and foreign visitors with supporting facilities such as Lotus Pond. Bali’s most spectacular temples located high on a cliff top at the edge of a plateau 250 feet above the waves of the Indian Ocean. Exhibition Hall.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking The statue and its pedestal will be surrounded by more than 240 hectares cultural park which was once an abandoned and unproductive limestone quarry. This beach has white shore with very beautiful cliff around it. and the hands of Wisnu have been placed temporarily in three different plazas within the park. located in Jimbaran.LEARN. Uluwatu lies at the southern tip of Bali in Badung Regency. the statue of Wisnu. 2. Dreamland Beach This beach is an alternative beach in Bali besides Sanur Kuta and Nusa Dua which is quiet yet extremely beautiful. 3. in which dwell major deities. GWK Cultural Park is intended to educate. Ulu Watu Pura Luhur Uluwatu is one of Bali’s kayangan jagat (directional temples) and guards Bali from evil spirits from the SW. ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE. This make Dreamland beach different from other Beach in Bali. as well as Jendela Bali the Panoramic Resto and souvenir shop. Bukit area. maybe as good as Uluwatu waves and even better than the waves in Kuta.

ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Yet in 16th century. Social Events Welcoming Party Welcoming party with the theme “Balinese Luau Party” will introduce you to the beach in Bali. The cozy ambience give you chances to know other delegates and share some stories. and for this farewell party the theme is “Mardi Gras Mask Party” so the delegates should wear a mask and the dresscode is formal suit for men and dress for the women. On this trip. Farewell Party Finally the Study trip has to end. it was rebuilt by a reformer priest. delegates will be given opportunity to watch an exquisite and exotic live performance of Kecak Legong Fire Dance. delegates will dress up in their traditional costume and have to perform any cultural performance to show the delegates from other countries your culture. Pedanda Wawu Rauh.LEARN. Cultural Night In this very exquisite and fun cultural night of ALSA. Besides the temple. the temple shows off the old and new structural combination. remember it has to be an unforgettable one! Don’t forget to bring souvenirs to exchange with your fellow delegates.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . each delegation will have to perform a performance. Uluwatu is now becoming famous among the surfing experts that dare to challenge the surf break. In this welcoming party the dresscode is casual beach attire. In the farewell party. After experiencing some renovations in 1949 and 1980.

2010 07.00 .15 Opening Ceremony 09.30 City tour to Dreamland Beach 14.22.18.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking Schedule Saturday.09.00 Visit to Consulate of Brazil: Diplomatic Discussion 16.30 Breakfast .00 Welcoming dinner: Balinese Luau Party Sunday. November 6th.00 .00 Visit to Pemda Bali: Introduction of Pecalang 14.17. 2010 07.30 Symposium 1 11.15.08. dinner .15.19.LEARN.30 . registration and check in 19.30 .30 .00 Table Discussion 10.12. November 7th.30 Breakfast 08.15 .11.00 Breakfast 08.15 Coffee breaks 15.00 Back to hotel.12.00 Dinner 19. 2010 .00 .15.00 .12.30 Farewell Party: Mardi Grass Mask Party Wednesday.00 .late Cultural Night Tuesday.AND LEAD WITH CULTURE .00 Symposium 2 15.00 .00 Table Discussion Monday.00 .30 Ulu Watu Temple seeing Kecak Legong Fire Dance 20.00 Table Rotation .00 City tour to Garuda Wisnu Kencana 11. July 14th 09.00 Delegate’s arrival.30 .00 .10.00 . November 9th. 2010 07.00 .30 Lunch Break 12.00 .30 .00 Delegate’s check out ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.00 .12.14.30 .00 .30 .30 Lunch and Journey 12.30 Table Discussion 18.08.00 . November 8th.15 .21.30 Journey 15.30 Lunch break 12.

AND LEAD WITH CULTURE . Acommodation and Publication Cindy Nur Fitri Head of Table Discussions Caretakers ASIAN LAW STUDENTS’ ASSOCIATION LIVE.Reaching out the Harmony of Globalization through Cross Cultural Understanding and Global Lawmaking The Organizing Committee Project Officer Keshia Sifra Co-Convener I Academic and Delegate Relations Devyta Wijaya Co-Convener II Non Academic and Technical Rizky Aliansyah Co-Convener III Transportation and Trips Mario Mandang Co-Convener IV Caretaker and Welfare Munawar Co-Convener V Administration.LEARN.