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BACCAY III Year: 2010 Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact Nos.: Mobile No. 09067325836; Tel. No. (035)225-1506 ABSTRACT
The City of Dumaguete city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People. It is a capital city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is a city of the South of the Philippines which is inhabited by loving, caring and hospitable people as history unfolds. The purpose of the study was to trace the old names and historical background of the streets in Dumaguete City. Another aim was to find out the brief development profile of the streets during the Spanish occupation, American rule and the renaming of streets in 1990s as a reflection of the present City development. Finally, the hierarchy and chronology of Dumaguete City street names with respect to the cultures, traditions and aspirations of Dumagueteños was examined. Historical qualitative method of conducting research was utilized in this study. Interviews were conducted to prominent Dumagueteños who had better experiences and knowledge of street history. Resolutions and ordinances were gathered from the archives of the City Hall. The results of the study revealed that most of the streets during the Spanish occupation were based on the names of Roman Catholic saints to signify the religiosity of the people living along the streets. During the American occupation, most of the names of the major streets during the Spanish occupation were retained. This was the time that there were so many streets being constructed and developed and named from different prominent American personalities in government and military. The naming and renaming of streets in 1990 was highlighted with the names of local politicians, heroes and heroines. The authors recommend that before anyone else in the local legislative council in Dumaguete City proposes to change the name of any street, one must first consider the
the City of Dumaguete has also adopted some Filipino practices of naming streets for the city however it has certain unique way distinct of being Dumagueteños. antique style of frame and above it is the new name. Dr. the etymology of street names are based on numbers. trees. in-depth interviews and consultations with proper coordination from the National Historical Commission of the Philippines rather than changing the original name directly to a favored politician or rich businessman. Some places in the country have names with reference to our national hero. Jose Rizal and the characters of his novels. For example. it is just a commonly held surname such as Smith). landmarks. however. self-descriptive names. On the other hand. Buildings are often given numbers along the street to further help identify them. great Philippine Presidents. heroes and heroines. in an original-Filipino modern design concept. types of commerce or industry. trees (a combination of landscapes and trees such as "Oakhill" is used often in residential areas). flowers. 2010) The naming of streets varies from one place to another in any parts of the world. . It is a capital city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. The street name usually forms part of the address. and some others are using the grid-based naming systems. or the surname of an important individual (in some instances.) In the Philippines. distinguished politicians and personalities particularly those who held positions during the Spanish and American occupations in the country. (Ibid. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY A street name or odonym is an identifying name given to a street. surnames of given individuals. The City of Dumaguete city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.com. in the United States. landscapes. It is a city of the South of the Philippines which is inhabited by loving. trees. It is also recommended to have two street signs indicating the old and the new name where old names would bear intricate. (http://www. most streets are named after numbers.wikipedia. themes. Basically. destinations.historical and cultural value attached to the streets through a comprehensive study. most of the names are based on the list of Roman Catholic saints. landscapes. caring and hospitable people from all points of history. landmarks and among others. famous or distinguished individuals such as politicians and presidents. August 20.
more and more business establishments are sprouting and continue to fill in every gap along the streets of Dumaguete City. Major streets in Dumaguete City were renamed during the American occupation. in this study. This research also presents the short development profile of each street from the past to the present as it reflects to the quality of life of the people of Dumaguete City. The old calles before are now the hubs of progressive businesses evident of a strong economic condition of the City. As years go by. Major streets in Dumaguete City were developed during the Spanish occupation in the country.In this research. most of the streets have been developed and concreted. STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVES The main reason of why this study is being conducted is to find out the historical significance of the names of streets in Dumaguete City from the past to the present as basis for future references. More streets were also added during this time. the history of streets are presented in three periods namely. At present. . Specifically. Caridad Aldecoa-Rodriguez that the American period was marked by progress in democratic government. popular education. the callles during the Spanish rule. Furthermore. economic development. streets during the American occupation and finally the renaming of old street names and naming of unnamed names during the 1990s up to the present. According to historian Prof. this research is aimed at: 1. 1890 when Dumaguete City became the capital city of Negros Oriental that more street developments where undertaken to boost the socio-economic condition of the place and the people. Renaming of streets has been a common practice everywhere.) tracing the old names and historical background of the streets in Dumaguete City. It was during the time when Negros Island was divided into two provinces namely Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental on January 1. improved hygiene and sanitation and cultural development. the researchers have included pictures of some significant developments along the streets to highlight its strong economic contribution to the City¶s development.
Jose Rizal Avenue Gov.) examining the hierarchy and chronology of Dumaguete City street names with respect to the cultures. METHODOLOGY In conducting this research. Mariano Perdices Street Mayor Joe Pro Teves Street Mayor Deogracias Pinili Street H. Silliman Avenue Sta. Catalina Street . traditions and aspirations of Dumagueteños. Cecilia Calle Sta. The researcher made a gathering of secondary data particularly on the published materials on the local history of Dumaguete City and Negros Oriental. Furthermore. SUMMARY. Jose Rizal Avenue Alfonso III Street Cervantes Street Urdaneta Street H. interviews with some Dumagueteños and local historians are also conducted. Catalina Street Renaming/Naming of Streets in the 1990s Present Street Names Mayor Ramon Teves-Pastor Street Dr. 3. picture documentation of various street developments was also observed to highlight major street developments along the streets. Finally.2. descriptive -historical method was used. Silliman Avenue Sta. CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION The following table summarizes the streets in Dumaguete City during the Spanish and American occupations and the naming and renaming of streets during the 1990s up to the present: Street Names During Spanish Times Calle Real Calle Marina Calle Alfonso XIII Calle de Cervantes Calle Urdaneta Calle Sta.) finding out the brief development profile of the streets during the Spanish occupation. American rule and the renaming of streets in 1990s as a reflection of the present City development and finally. Catalina Street Names During American Times Real Street Dr. Resolutions and Ordinances from the City Archives.
Jose Romero Highway Calle Real Valencia Provincial Road . Lorenzo G. Juvenal Somoza Street Lamberto Macias Street Manuel LajatoTeves Street Sen. Henry Langhaim Street Libertad Street Mayor Jacinto Katada Street Flores Avenue Noblefranca Street Mabini Street Dr. Drive Ramon Escano Road Veterans¶ Avenue E. Rosa Street Colon Street Ma.Teves Street Ma. Blanco Road Engr. Locsin Street Calle City Hall D. Jose Romero Highway Venancio G. Rovira Road Calle Alfonso XIII Dr. Juvenal Somoza Street Lamberto Macias Street Manuel LajatoTeves Street Sen. Drive Ramon Escano Road E. Larena Drive Dr. Eduardo Miciano Road Venancio G. V. V. Cristina Street Luke Wright Street Taft Street Independencia Street Hibbard Avenue Dr.Street Names During Spanish Times Calle San Jose Calle San Juan Calle Sta. Blanco Road Engr. Aldecoa Sr. Rosa de Lima Calle Colon Calle Reina Street Names During American Times San Jose Street San Juan Street Sta. Locsin Street Burgos Street L. Larena Drive D. Aldecoa Sr. Cristina Street Luke Edward Wright Street William Howard Taft Street Independencia Street Hibbard Avenue William Atkinson Jones Street Burgos Street Leopoldo Rivera Road Taclobo Old Road Sillilam Campus Libertad Street Mayor Jacinto Katada Street Piapi Beach & Lo-oc Road Noblefranca Street Apolinario Mabini Street Banica Road Laguna Road or Daro West Drive Piapi Beach Road Extension North Road North Piapi Road Mango Avenue Dumaguete South Road Renaming/Naming of Streets in the 1990s Present Street Names San Jose Street San Juan Street Sta.J.J. Rosa Street Sen.
Nino Road Councilor Boni Catarata Road George Sy Street Fiscal Ramon F. Dela Vina Street Tan Pedro Teves Street Dr. This was to promote commerce and trade due to the abundance of commercial and agricultural wealth of the City having had port where all kinds of ships could call aside from the fact that Dumaguete was the most important town on the east side of Negros Island having the most number of people. Moreover. The results of the study also revealed that most of the streets during the Spanish occupation were based on the names of Roman Catholic saints to signify the religiosity of the people living along the streets.J. 1890. These accounts were the basis of making Dumaguete as the capital of Negros Oriental when it separated from Bacolod as the capital of one island Negros on January 1. Dela Vina Street Tan Pedro Teves Street Dr.H. Vicente Guzman-Sinco Road Scout Jojo Magbanua Street San Vicente Road Sto. del Pilar Street & E. Most of the names of the major streets during the Spanish occupation were retained and were only . still there were more streets being constructed and developed and named after from the different prominent American personalities in government and military. Vicente Guzman-Sinco Road Scout Jojo Magbanua Street San Vicente Road Sto. Centeno Road San Jose Extension M. In addition.Street Names During Spanish Times Calle Legaspi Street Names During American Times Legaspi Street New Claytown Road Batinguel Road Andres Bonifacio Street Renaming/Naming of Streets in the 1990s Bishop Epifanio Surban Street Diego R. Centeno Road Present Street Names Bishop Epifanio Surban Street Diego R. Nino Road Councilor Boni Catarata Road George Sy Street Fiscal Ramon F. the researcher further concluded that during the time of the American rule in the country. Blanco Road Extension Based on the above table and the presentations in the preceding parts of this research. the researchers have found out that there were numerous streets being constructed during the time of the Spanish occupation in the City. these streets were considered to be the major streets of the City at present where most of the developments are evident.
The naming and renaming of streets in the 1990s particularly in the years 1995 and 1997 started when the City Government of Dumaguete created an Ad Hoc Committee on Naming of Unnamed Streets of Dumaguete City and Suburbs. In addition. facilities and even residential houses were constructed thus giving no option to the American government but to construct more streets to provide access to these recent developments in terms of infrastructures in the City. Cristina Street American Street Names Being Retained Up to the Present Dr. Councilor Eduardo J. Silliman Avenue Luke Wright Street William Howard Taft Street Burgos Street Noblefranca Street . During this period. This was the time that the Committee headed by its Chairman. schools. Jose Rizal Avenue H. 233 series of 1997 of the City Council. The report of the Ad Hoc Committee was adopted thru Resolution No. Dr.translated into English instead of the original Hispanic names. These said resolutions became the basis of many approved ordinances in naming and renaming various streets mentioned in the Ad Hoc Committee reports. Rosa Street Sta. The researcher further concluded that there are numerous names of streets during the Spanish period and American rule were retained such as the following: Spanish Street Names Being Retained Up to the Present Sta. Catalina Street San Jose Street San Juan Street Ma. Jose Rizal was also being honored when the American government renamed Calle Marina in honor of our national hero. Perdices had made some proposals to name unnamed streets and renamed some major and minor streets. The researcher concluded that in the naming and renaming of streets in the 1990s. the researcher also found out that the main reason why the American leaders constructed more streets in Dumaguete City because of the fact that there were many buildings. In addition. it was highlighted with the names of local politicians. heroes and heroines. some national heroes and local politicians were also honored by naming some streets in their names. 70 series of 1995 and Resolution No. The present names of the streets now were the result of this move by the City government. The naming of streets during this time in honor of distinguished American personalities cannot be questioned for a clear reason in the point of history of this humble City.
As a recommendation. however. . The chronological accounts of Dumaguete City streets evolved from Hispanic names and names of Roman Catholic saints to the names of famous American personalities in politics and military to national and local politicians. heroes and heroines. antique style of frame and above it is the new name. one must first consider the historical and cultural value attached to the streets through a comprehensive study. roads. That before anyone else in the local legislative council in Dumaguete City proposes to change the name of any street. and avenues. prominent businessmen. in-depth interviews and consultations with proper coordination from the National Historical Commission of the Philippines rather than changing the original name directly to a favored politician or rich businessman. boulevards. To avoid confusion in the maintenance of records and postal matters. 2. 3. the researcher would like to emphasize the following points to consider in consonance with the revised guidelines formulated by the National Historical Commission of the Republic of the Philippines in the naming and renaming of streets as follows: 1. Many historical events occurred in the city¶s streets. Recommended names for streets should be appropriate in terms of historical value and significance to the street to be named or renamed. it is also recommended to have two street signs indicating the old and the new name where old names would bear intricate. in an original-Filipino modern design concept. The City Government should adhere strictly to the revised guidelines formulated by the Commission so as not to erase an important part of our heritage on street history and its development. 4. the researcher concluded that every street in Dumaguete City served as witnesses of its local history and being considered integral to its character.Independencia Street Libertad Street Hibbard Avenue Leopoldo Rovira Road Mayor Jacinto Katada Street Apolinario Mabini Street Finally.
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