Ley Line Research
There has been much debate on the existence of Ley lines and what they have been used for. In this report I will try to look at a few.
The Oxford English dictionary quotes the word Ley - a field temporarily under grass [middle English]Ley line – a hypothetical straight line connecting prehistoric sites etc (variant of lea) Lea – a meadow or field [old English]
Alfred Watkins (1855-1935), a locally well-known and respected Herefordshire businessman, 're-discovered' Ley Lines on 30 June 1921, whilst looking at a map for features of interest noticed a straight line that passed over hill tops through various points of interest, all of which were ancient. The sites mentioned include Stone Circles, Standing Stones, Long Barrows, Cairns, Burial Mounds and Churches. At the time of his discovery, Watkins had no theory about alignments but on that June afternoon saw "in a flash" a whole pattern of lines stretching across the landscape. He set about noting and measuring these sites to help support his theory. His first book entitled, "Early British Trackways" was published in 1922 and was the result of a lecture he had given the previous year. Four years later, in 1925, he described his vision in a book he titled The Old Straight Track:
"Imagine a fairy chain stretched from mountain peak to mountain peak, as far as the eye could reach, and paid out until it reached the 'high places' of the earth at a number of ridges, banks, and knowls. Then visualise a mound, circular earthwork, or clump of trees, planted on these high points, and in low points in the valley other mounds ringed around with water to be seen from a distance. Then great standing stones brought to mark the way at intervals, and on a bank leading up to a mountain ridge or down to a ford the track cut deep so as to form a guiding notch on the skyline as you come up.... Here and there, at two ends of the way, a beacon fire used to lay out the track. With ponds dug on the line, or streams banked up into 'flashes' to form reflecting points on the beacon track so that it might be checked when at least once a year the beacon was fired on the traditional day. All these works exactly on the sighting line."
He summarised these straight tracks or “ley lines” as he called them were the remnants of prehistoric trading routes. He went on to associate ley lines with the Greek god Hermes (the Roman Mercury, the Norse Woden) who was the god of communication and of boundaries, the winged messenger, and the guide to travellers on unknown paths. Watkins identified Hermes-Mercury with the chief god of the Druids and argued that:
"A Celtic god, Tout, or in its Romanised form Toutates, is supposed to be what Caesar referred to, and this name has been found on a Romano-British altar. It is a fact that sighting mounds called Tot, Toot, Tout, Tute and Twt abound all over the Kingdom and the root is probably Celtic... The fact that such mounds are mark-points on trackways strengthens the link..."
http://paranormal-inspectres.co.uk - Paranormal Inspectres Powered by Mambo Generated:12 May, 2010, 17:00
Luckily a handful of people kept the interest alive right through to the 1960's when a new cycle of theories emerged. or "leys" as they were now called. Shortly after the publishing of the Old Straight Track.C. the clearing of tracks through the forest lights the way and marks the "ley of the land. in his seminal book The View Over Atlantis. John Michell. It is possible that Watkins' experience stemmed from some half-recollected memories of an account of that presentation." located in Sussex. drenched with light. Therefore. including viewpoints and photographs. ley lines. Major F. 2010. ley lines were taken up by. a meadow which is open to the sun and therefore. A few years later. 17:00
. Although he also believed that the image of the actual ley surveyors/designers can be seen by looking at the chalk figure known as "The Long Man of Wilmington. William Henry Black gave a talk titled Boundaries and Landmarks to the British Archaeologicial Association in Hereford in September 1870. They &ldquo.uk .Paranormal Inspectres Powered by Mambo Generated:12 May. By 1974.
Watkins later books were "The Ley Hunters Manual" (1927) and the "Archaic Tracks Around Cambridge" (1932). Physically." and others of the same design in the Southern parts of Britain to the markings on the pampa/ground close to Nasca. Peru.akin&rdquo. Here he speculated that "Monuments exist marking grand geometrical lines which cover the whole of Western Europe". and in 1989 by Aquarian Press. Speculation as to their meaning and purpose continued after Watkins' death in 1935." They believe the connection between ley and light are significant on several levels. Taylor in the 1930's was the secretary. became linked with UFO sightings. plus other esoteric subjects having to do with the Earth."
In 1974. And say that Ley lines are part of the Earth's energy system. with each other. ley lines and geomancy.
Paul Devereux believed it was the occultist Dion Fortune in her 1936 novel The Goat-Foot God (republished in 1971 by S. Northamptonshire) who invented the idea that ley lines were "lines of power" linking prehistoric sites. making the sites more special by connecting and networking them together. The Straight Track Postal Portfolio club was formed enable people to exchange and circulate information. linked Watson&rsquo. who discussed them within the context of geomancy.The identification of leys as ancient traders' routes was as far as Watkins was prepared to go. In the 1960s. the word ley to leoht (light illumination) and Middle English lea meaning "pasture land. some time before Watkins. but the deaths of Alfred Watkins and Major Taylor and the advent of the Second World War meant that the club closed.
However. a German expert.co. were collected under the umbrella term of "Earth Mysteries. New York.
Chuck Pettis and The Geo Group believe that the ley-line system exists as an independent circuitry with the capacity to affect consciousness. it was suggested that ley lines followed lines of cosmic energy in the Earth and could be detected using dowsing rods."
In 1969.s theory of the chalk figure of "The Long Man of Wilmington. at times. Maria Reiche. Weiser. despite the fact that numerous ley lines travelled up prohibitively steep hillsides. the building of monuments served to reveal or mark the network.
a sort of cosmic roadway system upon which people travelled in pre-Renaissance times&rdquo. with darkened groves of trees glowing with soft light. And that the ley-line inshoot or outshoot and accompanying water spring are the universal prerequisites for power centres. lay.
The power centre radiates a universal energy that affects consciousness and can also be influenced and changed by consciousness. And that if a person sits or lies over a ley line for an extended time will tend to become hyperactive. First. And it is the union of the two that determines the site selection of monuments.
They state that the average length of a ley line is twenty to thirty miles long.
In their description of what a ley line feels like they say that a vertical field extends up from the line and the nature of this field is yang or energetic. lines were delineated by cleared hilltop notches (ley). 17:00
. This can work to advantage in healing or in situations where extra energy is useful.
They state that at every point where ley lines enter the Earth (inshoots) and at approximately 70% of the nodes where ley lines leave the Earth (outshoots). the width of the Roman road. They describe this as an etymological sequence. A magical mystery tour!
They go on to say that Ley lines and light are very closely related. the negative aspects of extra energy will be manifest in tension.Paranormal Inspectres
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Generated:12 May. And if the ley line is negative. At this point. seeing an aura of lighted lines passing through earthworks and stone circles.uk . but always maintaining a depth of 265 feet. They penetrate and leave the Earth vertically at nodes. and then the fields. although the length can vary from only a few feet to thousands of miles. it makes a 90 degree rightangle turn and travels in a perfectly straight line as seen from a "birds-eye view" and in an undulating motion as seen from the side. by creating a holistic field. Ley lines are cosmic forces originating outside of the Earth. and lee applying to each stage of ley landscape development.
http://paranormal-inspectres. relative to the surface of the Earth. In fact. then woodland through which the ley line passed was cleared (lay). anxiety. as silt becomes sedimentary rock over time. Imagine standing on a hilltop at dusk. the ley line may cause an unhealthy situation. The penetrating nodes are called power centres.The quote the word ley as related to ley. and neurosis. which domesticated the landscape were cleared (lee) with the names ley. lee and lay. &ldquo.co. filled with sacred cosmic light. The width of the line varies. but if someone is already very energetic. which is greater than either of the two energies taken separately.. When the ley lines enter they continue to a point 265 feet below the surface of the Earth. strong human emotions experienced over time at a power centre create layers of consciousness that future visitors can feel and experience. They go on to state that a horizontally travelling ley line exits the Earth by again turning 90 degrees and passing straight through the centre of the Earth and coming out the other side.
They ask you to visualize mounded tree groves on ley lines and a grove of trees on the ley lightway. 2010. there is a water spring. but the average is 5-1/2 feet.
uk . given the high density of historic and prehistoric sites in Britain and other parts of Europe. ancient Greese and Scotland.co. dowsing or UFOs. This data has been published in "Places of power" (Paul Devereux. particularly where they ignore topography and require users to march up and down hills or mountains. geomagnetism. or to cross rivers at points where there is no portage or bridge. have claimed that the ley lines and their intersection points resonate a special psychic or magical energy.s.
A Scientific approach According to data obtained by investigators of ley line theories. have linked the appearance of ley lines with underground streams and magnetic currents. and are a product of human fancy. according to New Age geomancers. the ideas of a landscape crossed with straight lines had become conflated with ideas from various geomantic traditions. He has referred to the whole face of China being heavily landscaped in accordance with the laws of Feng Shui. John Mitchell&rsquo. Some geomantic researchers have investigated this phenomenon by studying telluric currents.
Some writers. Carlson.'
By the 1960&rsquo. 1990) and "Lodestone Compass: Chinese or Olmec Primacy?" (John B. and the Schumann resonance (among other physical phenomina). Captain Robert Boothby and Reginald Smith of the British Museum.Paranormal Inspectres
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. widely regarded as pseudoscientific. These theories often include elements such as geomancy. skeptics point out that straight lines do not make ideal roads in all circumstances. He found so many of these 'double lines' on sacred sites that he named them 'holy lines.
http://paranormal-inspectres. Regarding the trade-route theories. and may be easily ascribed to coincidence. can foster "harmony with the Earth" or reveal pre-historic trade routes.The new age approach Two British dowsers. Michell has claimed that Neolithic peoples recognised that the harmony of society depended on the harmony of the earth force. One suggestion is that. Science. finding straight lines that "connect" sites (usually selected to make them "fit") is trivial. some points along the lines possess higher magnetic energy than the average geomagnetic intensity. Underwood conducted various investigations and claimed that crossings of 'negative' water lines and positive aquastats explain why certain sites were chosen as holy. Current data is inconclusive.
A sceptical approach Some skeptics have suggested that ley lines do not exist. men built their temples where the forces of the earth were most powerful. Theories of magnetic interaction at ley line points suggest to some observers that these points were used to induct energy.s writing can be seen as an example of this. And so in China. mapping ley lines. Some similar believe these points on lines have electrical or magnetic forces associated with them. 2010. 1975).
The following websites will prove useful to anyone wishing to look into this topic further http://witcombe.. research needs to consider that the ley line could be wider than expected.co. it would be prudent to note all EMF anomalies. Whilst investigating places of worship. and map where they occur. &ldquo. are ley lines &ldquo.geo.org/wiki/Ley_line Hazel
http://paranormal-inspectres.Conclusion There are many other theories not looked at in this report and it contains only snippets of the original reports.Paranormal Inspectres
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Generated:12 May. The question remains. &ldquo.org/dowse1.
From the paranormal investigative standpoint.wikipedia.geometrical lines&rdquo.independent circuitry&rdquo.htm http://www.html http://www.prehistoric trading routes&rdquo.uk/leylines.htm http://en. 2010.remnants of &ldquo. &ldquo. it would need to be confirmed that the site is located on a ley line.holy lines&rdquo. then research ought to be conducted as to the possibility of the result being caused by ley lines. but again.. magical lines? Only the reader can descide what they believe.co. &ldquo. 17:00
.lines of cosmic energy&rdquo. such as Alvecote Priory.uk .mystical-www. should the fluctuations occur in a straight line which is only a few feet wide..edu/earthmysteries/EMLeyLines.sbc...