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6061 aluminium alloy

• 6061 is a precipitation hardening aluminum alloy, containing magnesium and


silicon as its major alloying elements. It has good mechanical properties and
exhibits good weldability. It is one of the most common alloys of aluminum for
general purpose use.
• It is commonly available in pre-tempered grades such as, 6061-O (solutionized),
6061-T6 (solutionized and artificially aged), 6061-T651 (solutionized, stress-
relieved stretched and artificially aged).

Basic properties
• 6061 has a density of 2.70 g/cm³ (0.0975 lb/in³).

Chemical composition

• The alloy composition of 6061 is:


• Silicon minimum 0.4%, maximum 0.8% by weight
• Iron no minimum, maximum 0.7%
• Copper minimum 0.15%, maximum 0.40%
• Manganese no minimum, maximum 0.15%
• Magnesium minimum 0.8%, maximum 1.2%
• Chromium minimum 0.04%, maximum 0.35%
• Zinc no minimum, maximum 0.25%
• Titanium no minimum, maximum 0.15%
• Other elements no more than 0.05% each, 0.15% total
• Remainder Aluminum

Mechanical properties
• The mechanical properties of 6061 depend greatly on the temper, or heat
treatment, of the material. Young's Modulus is 10x10^6 psi (69 GPa) irrespective
of temper.

6061-O

• Annealed 6061 (6061-O temper) has maximum tensile strength no more than
18,000 psi (125 MPa), and maximum yield strength no more than 8,000 psi (55
MPa). The material has elongation (stretch before ultimate failure) of 25-30 %.

6061-T4
• T4 temper 6061 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 30,000 psi (207 MPa)
and yield strength of at least 16,000 psi (110 MPa). It has elongation of 16%.

6061-T6

• T6 temper 6061 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 42,000 psi (290 MPa)
and yield strength of at least 35,000 psi (241 MPa). More typical values are
45,000 psi (310 MPa) and 40,000 psi (275 MPa), respectively.[3] In thicknesses of
0.250 inch (6.35 mm) or less, it has elongation of 8% or more; in thicker sections,
it has elongation of 10%. T651 temper has similar mechanical properties. The
famous Pioneer plaque was made of this particular alloy. A material data sheet [4]
defines the fatigue limit under cyclic load as 14,000 psi.

Uses
• 6061 is widely used for construction of aircraft structures, such as wings and
fuselages, more commonly in homebuilt aircraft than commercial or military
aircraft.
• 6061 is used for yacht construction, including small utility boats.[6]
• 6061 is commonly used in the construction of bicycle frames and components.
The alloy 7005 aluminum is also popular for bicycle frames, and 7075 aluminum
is used for other components.
• 6061 is used in automotive parts, such as wheel spacers.
• 6061 is used in the manufacture of aluminum cans for the packaging of foodstuffs
and beverages.
• 6061 was the material used for the Pioneer plaques.

Welding

• 6061 is highly weldable, for example using tungsten inert gas welding (TIG) or
metal inert gas welding (MIG). Typically, after welding, the properties near the
weld are those of 6061-0, a loss of strength of around 80%. The material can be
re-heat-treated to restore -T4 or -T6 temper for the whole piece. After welding the
material can naturally age and restore some of its strength as well.

Extrusions

• 6061 is an alloy used in the production of extrusions—long constant–cross-


section structural shapes produced by pushing metal through a shaped die.

Forgings
• 6061 is an alloy that is suitable for hot forging. The billet is heated through an
induction furnace and forged using a closed die process. Automotive parts, ATV
parts, and industrial parts are just some of the uses as a forging.