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Abrg bearing area of the head of stud or anchor bolt, in.

do shaft diameter of anchor bolt, in.


du diameter of head of stud or anchor bolt or equivalent diameter of effective perimeter of an
added plate or washer at the head of the anchor, in.
eN'
eccentricity of normal force on a group of anchors; the distance between the resultant tension
load on a group of anchors and the centroid of the group of anchors loaded in tension, in.
eV' eccentricity of shear force on a group of anchors; the distance between the point of shear
force application and the centroid of the group of anchors resisting shear in the direction of
the applied shear, in.
f'c specified compressive strength of concrete, psi
fct specified tensile strength of concrete, psi
fr modulus of rupture of concrete, psi
ft calculated tensile stress in a region of a member, psi
fy specified yield strength of anchor steel, psi
fut specified tensile strength of anchor steel, psi
h thickness of member in which an anchor is anchored measured parallel to anchor axis, in.
hef effective anchor embedment depth, in.
k coefficient for basic concrete breakout strength in tension
kcp coefficient for pryout strength
l
load bearing length of anchor for shear, not to exceed 8do, in.; hef for anchors with a constant
stiffness over the full length of the embedded section, such as headed studs.
n number of anchors in a group
Nb basic concrete breakout strength in tension of a single anchor in cracked concrete, lb.
Ncb nominal concrete breakout strength in tension of a single anchor, lb.
Ncbg nominal concrete breakout strength in tension of a group of anchors, lb.
Nn nominal strength in tension, lb.
Np pullout strength in tension of a single anchor in cracked concrete, lb.
Npn nominal pullout strength in tension of a single anchor, lb.
Nsb side-face blowout strength of a single anchor, lb.
Nsbg side-face blowout strength of a group of anchors, lb.
Ns nominal strength of a single anchor in tension as governed by the steel strength, lb.
Nu factored tensile load, lb.
s anchor center-to-center spacing, in.
so spacing of the outer anchors along the edge in a group, in.
t thickness of washer or plate, in.
Vb basic concrete breakout strength in shear of a single anchor in cracked concrete, lb.
Vcb nominal concrete breakout strength in shear of a single anchor, lb.
Vcbg nominal concrete breakout strength in shear of a group of anchors, lb.
Vn nominal strength in shear, lb.
Vp pullout strength in shear of a single anchor in cracked concrete, lb.
Vpn nominal pullout strength in shear of a single anchor, lb.
Vsb side-face blowout strength of a single anchor, lb.
Vsbg side-face blowout strength of a group of anchors, lb.
Vs nominal strength of a single anchor in shear as governed by the steel strength, lb.
Vu factored tensile load, lb.
 strength reduction factor
 modification factor, for strength in tension, to account for anchor groups loaded eccentrically
 modification factor, for strength in tension, to account for edge distances smaller than 1.5h ef
 modification factor, for strength in tension, to account for cracking
 modification factor, for pullout strength, to account for cracking
 modification factor, for strength in shear, to account for anchor groups loaded eccentrically
 modification factor, for strength in shear, to account for edge distances smaller than 1.5hef
 modification factor, for strength in shear, to account for cracking