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U2L3: Plant Growth Lab

Background: Factors in the plant’s environment, such as the amount of sunlight and water, play a role in
the health and life span of a plant. Green plants need sunlight to carry out photosynthesis. This process
allows the plant to make food that can be used later for growth and reproduction. Without light, the
plant cannot make food, and it cannot grow. This experiment will demonstrate whether or not light is
needed for a plant to grow.

Hypothesis: The seed with the most light will grow the tallest.

The independent variable in this lab is: The amount of light that each seed gets.

The dependent variable in the lab that I am measuring is: How tall each plant gets.


Bean plant seeds, soil, compost, fertilizer, 3 pots, and water.

Procedure: List the steps below of how to do this experiment. Add as many steps as needed.

1. Get all of the materials needed for the experiment.

2. Set up a graph to write down any growth

3. Put all of the materials into the pots

4. Give the plants different amounts of light

5. Remember to record any plant growth on the graph everyday

Data Use a few seeds/plants for each group. I listed 3 for each group as an example. Use more if you
Try using a few plants Length of the Plant (in centimeters) Observations
for each group.
Write any observations you make for
Day 2 Day 4 Day 6 Day 8 Day 10 each plants other than length such as
color, health, etc.

Plants L1 0 cm. 0 cm. 0 cm. 1.8cm. 5.3cm. It took a long time to start growing,
in the considering the amount of light this
light plant got.

L2 0 cm. 0 cm. 0 cm. 1.0cm. 4.6cm.


Plants D1 0 cm. 0 cm. 0 cm. 1.1cm. 4.7cm.

in the
dark D2

Conclusions: (Answer the 3 questions below and also write down any other conclusions in this

1. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) that your plants will grow into bean
plants (or other fast-growing plants that you used for your experiment) and not some
other type of plant (genetics, environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

Genetics is the main factor. Genetics prevents the bean from growing into any other

2. What is/are the main factor(s) that determine(s) the height of a plant (genetics,
environment, or both)? Explain your answer.

I think that both genetics and the environment determine the height of a plant. If both
parents are tall then the offspring will most likely be tall also. But, if a plant was not
getting enough sunlight or water, the plant might not grow as tall as it would be if it
were getting enough water and sunlight.

3. Use specific data from your experiment to defend or refute the following statements:
Plants continue to grow throughout their lives by producing new plant material.
Photosynthesis is required for this process to occur.

I think plants do not need photosynthesis to produce new plant material. The seed that
had no sunlight still grew even without any sunlight.