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Materials

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scaffold
Steel elements that are used for
workers to reach high levels in a
building, such as ceilings, high walls

arc
It is a curved beam whose radius of
curvature is very large in relation to
the width of the section.

cement
a building material that is a powder made of
a mixture of calcined limestone and clay;
used with water and sand or gravel to make
concrete and mortar

column
Vert ical st ruct ural element ,
used t o support slabs and
raised element s,

aluminum a silvery ductile


metallic element

cable very st rong t hick rope made of


t wist ed hemp or st eel wire

cast iron an alloy of iron containing so much carbon


that it is brittle and so cannot be wrought
but must be shaped by casting

compressor a mechanical device


that compresses gasses
Materials
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concrete
a st rong hard building
mat erial made wit h gravel and
cement

crank
a hand t ool consist ing of a
rot at ing shaft wit h parallel
handle

filter
device t hat removes
somet hing from what passes
t hrough it

iron a heavy ductile magnetic


metallic element

iron having a low carbon content


wrought iron that is tough and malleable and
so can be forged and welded

valve a mechanical device for


cont rolling t he flow of a fluid

truss a rigid framework of beams


that supports a structure