You are on page 1of 10

Class: XII

Chemistry
Marking Scheme 2018-19

Time allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 70

Q No SECTION A
Marks
1. On heating ZnO , it loses oxygen and there is excess of Zn2+ions in the crystal. 1

OR
When silicon is doped with phosphorous (group 15 element), the increase in 1
conductivity is due to the delocalised negatively charged electrons.

2. Associated colloids 1

3. t 23g eg3 1

OR
The orbital splitting energies, Δ t are not sufficiently large for forcing pairing of 1
electrons in the tetrahedral coordination entity formation.

4. B 1

5. Poly   hydroxybutyrate  co    hydroxy valerate 1

SECTION B
+ –
6. HBr → H + Br
i 1    n
n 2
i 1   ½
T f  iK f m ½
8.1 1000
T f  (1   )1.86 x x
81 100
T f  3.53 ½

T f0  00 C ½
T f  T f0  T f' ½
½
T f'  3.5340 C

OR
Mole fraction of water ,  H 2O  0.88
Mole fraction of ethanol ,  C2 H5OH  1 0.88 ½
= 0.12
n
 C2 H 5OH  2
n1  n2 ……………(1)

1
n2= number of moles of ethanol.
n1 = number of moles of water.Molality of ethanol means the number of
moles of ethanol present in
1000 g of water.
1000
n1   55.5 moles
18 ½

Substituting the value of n1 in equation (1)

n2 ½
 0.12
55.5  n2
½

n2  7.57 moles
Molality of ethanol ( C2H5OH) = 7.57 m

Alternatively,
½
Mole fraction of water = 0.88
Mole fraction of ethanol = 1-0.88 = 0.12
Therefore 0.12 moles of ethanol are present in 0.88 moles of water.
Mass of water = 0.88 x 18 =15.84 g of water.
Molality = number of moles of solute (ethanol) present in 1000 g of
solvent (water) ½
= 12 x 1000 / 15.84
= 7.57 m
Molality of ethanol ( C2H5OH) = 7.57 m

7.(a) Reaction : Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction. ½


IUPAC : 2-Bromopropanoic acid. ½
(b) Reaction : Rosenmund reduction reaction. ½
IUPAC : Benzaldehyde. ½

OR
½
i) 2-Methylbut-2-enal
CH3 ½
CH3-CH=CH-CHO
½
ii) Pent-2-enal
½
CH3-CH2-CH=CH-CHO

8.(a) Tert-butyl peroxide acts as a free radical generating initiator(catalyst) 1


(b) CH2 = CH- CH = CH2 ½
C6H5 – CH= CH2 ½

2
9. Step 1 : Formation of protonated alcohol. ½

Step 2 : Formation of carbocation.


1

Step 3: Formation of ethane by elimination of a proton.

10. (i) Zero order reaction ½


(ii) Slope represents –k ; Intercept represents [R]o ½+½
(iii) mol L1 s 1 ½

11.(a)
1

(b)
1

12.(i) Since Ti4+/Ti3+ has lower reduction potential than Fe3+/Fe2+, it cannot be reduced in 1
comparison with Fe3+/Fe2+ ions.
Hence Ti4+ cannot oxidise Fe2+ to Fe3+. ½

(ii) As the value of reduction potential increases the stability of +2 oxidation increases. 1
Therefore correct order of stability is
Cr3+/Cr2+ < Fe3+/Fe2+ < Mn3+/Mn2+ ½

3
SECTION C

13. 3 ½
r a
4
3
143.1  a
4
a = 330.4 pm ½
zM ½
 3
a NA
2 x 93
 10 3 ½
(330.4 x10 ) x 6.023 x 1023
  8.58 g / cm3 ½+½

14.(a) Molecules of benzoic acid dimerise in benzene, the number of particles are reduced. 1

(b) The intermolecular interactions between ethanol and acetone are weaker/ the 1
escaping tendency of ethanol and acetone molecules increases on mixing / the
vapour pressure increases.
(c) 1
Due to osmosis, a bacterium on fruit loses water, shrivels and dies.

15.
CH3
A: CH3-CH-CH2-OH 1

CH3

B : CH3-CH-COOH
½

CH3

C : CH3-CH = CH2 ½

CH3
½
D : CH3- CH- CH3

OH

½
A and D are position isomers.

4
16. C6H5 CH2Cl will undergo SN1reaction faster. ½
The carbocation formed by C6 H5 CH2Cl gets stabilized through resonance. ½
Greater the stability of carbocation, greater will be its ease of formation from the
respective halide. 1

OR

Cl ½
CH3-CH-CH2Cl
½

CH2Cl-CH2-CH2Cl ½

CH3-CH2-CHCl2

½
Cl
½
CH3-C-CH3
½
Cl
The following isomer will exhibit enantiomerism:
Cl
CH3-CH-CH2Cl

IUPAC name: 1,2-Dichloropropane.

17.(a)
N-OH 1

HOOC - CH2 - CH2 - CH2 - CH2 – COOH


(b) 1

5
O
(c) C
1
NH
C
O

18.(i) It is unstable at cooking temperature. 1


(ii) Excessive hydrogencarbonate can make the stomach alkaline and trigger the
production of even more acid. Metal hydroxides being insoluble do not increase the 1
pH above neutrality.
(iii) Aspirin has anti blood clotting action. 1

19.(a) Amylopectin. 1
(b) C- 2 1
(c) Two peptide linkages. 1

OR
(1) Glucose does not give 2,4- DNP test. 1
(2) Glucose does not give Schiff’s test. 1
(3) The pentaacetate of glucose does not react with hydroxylamine. 1
(4) Glucose does not form the hydrogensulphite addition product with NaHSO3.
(Any three points )

20. 2 N 2O5 ( g )  2 N 2O4 ( g )  O2 ( g )


At t = 0 0.5 atm 0 atm 0 atm
At time t 0.5  2 x atm 2 x atm x atm
pt  pN2O5  pN2O4  pO2
½
=  (0.5  2 x)  2 x  x =  0.5  x
x  pt  0.5
pN 2O5  0.5  2 x
½
 0.5  2( pt  0.5)
= 1.5 – 2pt
At t = 100 s ; pt = 0.512 atm
pN2O5  1.5  2  0.512  0.476 atm
2.303 p ½
k log i
t pA
½
2.303 0.5 atm
k log
100s 0.476 atm
2.303 1
k  0.0216  4.98 104 s 1
100s
OR 1

The Arrhenius equation: k  Ae  Ea / RT


Ea
Taking log on both sides: log k  log A 
2.303RT

6
Ea (1)
For reaction (i) log k1  log A  1
2.303RT
Ea (2)
For reaction (ii) log k2  log A 
2.303RT
Subtracting (i) from (ii)
1
k E (1)  Ea (2)
log 1  a
k2 2.303RT
k 24.9 1000
= log 1   4.342
k2 2.303  8.3  300
k1
 anti log( 4.342) = 2.198×104
k2
21.
(a) Negative charge is developed on the sol. ½
Sol is represented as AgI / I  ½

(b) Adsorption of reactants on the solid surface of the catalysts increases the rate of
reaction. 1

(c) Na3PO4 ½
Hardy-Schulze rule ½

22.
(a) Leached gold complex is treated with Zinc and gold is recovered by displacement
method ½
 2
2 Au[(CN ) 2 ] (aq)  Zn(s)  2 Au (s)  [Zn(CN ) 4 ] (aq)
½
(b) Zirconium iodide is decomposed on a tungsten filament; electrically heated to 1800
K. Pure Zr metal is deposited on the filament. ½
ZrI4  Zr  I 2 ½

½
Silica is added to the ore and heated. It helps to slag off iron oxide as iron silicate
(c)
½
FeO  SiO2  FeSiO 3 (slag )

OR
(a) NaCN is used as depressants to separate two sulphide ores ( ZnS and PbS) in Froth (1)
Floatation Method.

(b) Carbon monoxide forms a volatile complex of nickel, nickel tetracarbonyl. (1)

(c) Coke is used as a reducing agent to reduce zinc oxide to zinc. (1)

23. Co2+ : [Ar]3d7 Sc3+ : [Ar]3d0 Cr3+ : [Ar]3d3


(a) Co2+ and Cr3+ have unpaired electrons. Thus, they are coloured in aqueous 1
solution.Sc3+ has no unpaired electron. Thus it is colourless.

Metal copper has high enthalpy of atomisation and enthalpy of ionisation. Therefore 1
(b) the high energy required to convert Cu(s) to Cu2+(aq) is not balanced by its
hydration enthalpy.

7
(c) Due to lanthanoid contraction the size of lanthanoid ion decreases regularly with
increase in atomic size. Thus covalent character between lanthanoid ion and OH- 1
increases from La3+ to Lu3+. Thus the basic character of hydroxides decreases from
La(OH)3 to Lu(OH)3

24.
(a) Isomer A: [Cr(NH3)4 BrCl ]Cl ½
Isomer B: [Cr (NH3)4 Cl2]Br ½
(b) Hybridisation of Cr in isomer A and B is d2sp3. 1
(c) Number of unpaired electrons in Cr3+(3d3) is 3
Magnetic moment = n(n  2)
1
= 3(3  2) = 3.87 BM
(deduct half mark for wrong unit/unit not written)

25.(a) A = AgNO2 ½
CH2 - NH2

B= ½

CH2 - C - NH2

C= ½

D = CHCl3 + KOH , Heat. ½

(b) Experiment Aniline Benzylamine


Azo dye test: 1
(i) Dissolve the amine in A brilliant orange red No dye is formed.
HCl, cool it and then dye is observed.
add cold aqueous
solution of NaNO2
and then solution of
 - naphthol
(ii)
Experiment Methylamine Dimethylamine
Carbylamine test:
To the organic A foul smelling No reaction. 1
compound add substance
chloroform and (isocyanide)
ethanolic potassium
hydroxide and heat
(or any other suitable test)

8
(c) A = CH3CH2CH2NH2 ½

B = CH3CH2CH2OH ½

OR

In strongly acidic medium, aniline is protonated to form the anilium ion which is
(a)(i) meta directing. 1

Aryl halides do not undergo nucleophilc substitution with the anion formed by
(ii) phthalimide. 1

NH3,  NaOH + Br2


CH3NH2 1
CH3- COOH CH3-CO-NH2
(b)(i)

NH2 NHCOCH3 NHCOCH3 NH2


- +
(CH3CO)2O Br2 OH or H
(ii) 1
pyridine CH3COOH

Br
Br

(c) p- Nitroaniline < Aniline < p- Toludine. 1

26.(a) Ecell decreases. 1


(b) Anode: Cl2 ↑ ½
Cathode : H2 ↑ ½
(c) Cu 2 (aq.)  Ni(s)  Ni 2 (aq.)  Cu(s) ½

E 0 cell  Ecathode
0
 Eanode
0

E 0 cell  0.34  (0.25)


E 0 cell  0.59V ½

½
2.303RT [ Ni 2 ]
Ecell  E  0
log
[Cu 2 ]
cell
nF
0.059 [0.01 ] ½
Ecell  0.59  log
2 [0.1 ]
½ +½
Ecell  0.6195V

OR
1
(a)  0
m ( CaCl2 )  0
Ca2
 2 0
Cl 

1
Conductivity of NaCl decreases on dilution as the number of ions per unit volume
(b) decreases.
9
Whereas molar conductivity of NaCl increases on dilution as on dilution the 1
interionic interactions are overcome and ions are free to move.

G*   R ½
(c) 1.29
  0.0129 S cm 1 ½
100
1000 
m  ½
C
1000 x 0.0129
m 
0.1
 m 129 S cm 2 mol 1 ½

27.
(a) (i)S atom in SF4 is not sterically protected as it is surrounded by only four F atoms, 1
so attack of water molecules can take place easily. In contrast, S atom in SF6 is
protected by six F aoms. Thus attack by water molecules cannot take place easily.

(ii) Chlorine water produces nascent oxygen (causes oxidation) which is responsible 1
for bleaching action.
Cl2  H 2O  2HCl  [O]

(iii) Due to inert pair effect Bi(V) can accept a pair of electrons to form more stable 1
Bi (III). (+3 oxidation state of Bi is more stable than its +5 oxidation state).

(b) (i)Phosphorus undergoes disproportionation reaction to form phosphine gas.


P4  3NaOH  3H 2O  PH 3  3NaH 2 PO2 1

(ii)On partial hydrolysis, XeF6 gives oxyfluoride XeOF4 and HF.


1
XeF6  H 2O  XeOF4  2HF
OR
(a) N.Bartlett first prepared a red compound O2+PtF6-. He then realised that the first 1
ionisation enthalpy of molecular oxygen was almost identical with Xenon. So he
carried out reaction between Xe and PtF6.
1
(b) (i) I2 < F2 < Br2 < Cl2 1
(ii) NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3

(i) 1
(c) 2 NaOH  Cl2  NaCl  NaOCl  H 2O
1
(ii)
2Fe 3  SO2  2H 2 O  2Fe 2  SO42  4H 

**********

10