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SSC JE

Indian Constitution
(भारतीय संविधान)
Complete Constitution in a Summarized Way
 Content
Basic Structure of Constitution
Indian Constitution
Parts & Articles
Schedules
Important Amendments in Constitution
Borrowed features of the Constitution
Previous Year Questions of SSC JE
 Basic Structure of Constitution
Original::
Parts: 22
Articles: 395
Schedules: 8
Present::
Parts: 25
Articles: 448
Schedules: 12
 Parts & Articles:

Part I: Article 1-4 (Union & its Territory)


Part II: Article 5-11 (Citizenship)
 Part III: Article 12-35 Fundamental
Rights
Article 14-18 (Right to Equality)
Article 14: Equality before law.
Article 17: Abolition of Untouchability.
Article 18: Abolition of Titles.
➢ Article 19-22 (Right to Freedom)

Article 19- Protection of certain rights


regarding freedom of speech etc.
Article 21- Protection of life and personal
liberty.
Article 21A- Right to Education.
➢ Article 23-24 (Right against Exploitation)

Article 23- Prohibition of traffic in human beings


and forced labor.
Article 24- Prohibition of employment of children
in factories etc.
Article 25-28 (Right to Freedom of religion)
Article 29-31 (Cultural and educational rights)
Article 32-35 (Right to Constitutional Remedies)
Article 32- Remedies for enforcement of rights
conferred by this part.
(Heart & Soul of Indian Constitution- Dr. B. R.
Ambedkar)
Part IV- Article 36-51 (Directive Principle of State
Policy)- Ireland
Part IVA- Article 51A (Fundamental Duties)- USSR
➢ Part V Article 52-151 (The Union)

President, Vice President, Council of Ministers,


Attorney General Of India, Parliament, Union
Judiciary, CAG
Article 52- The president of India.
Article 54- Election of President.
Article 66- Election of Vice President.
Article 76- Attorney General of India.
Article 108- Joint sitting of both houses in certain
cases.
Article 124- Establishment & Constitution of
Supreme Court.
Article 148- CAG of India
 Part VI Article 152-237 (The States)

Governor, Advocate General, State


Legislature, High Courts.
Article 165- Advocate General for the state.
Article 214- High courts of the states.
Part VIII Article 239-242 (The Union Territories)
Part IX Article 243-243O (The Panchayats)
Part IXA Article 243P-243ZG (The Municipalities)
Part XI Relation Between the Union and The
states.
Part XV- Article 324-329 (Elections)
Article 324- Election Commission.
Part XVII- Article 343-351 (Official Languages)
Part XVIII- Article 352-360 (EMERGENCY
PROVISIONS)
Article 352- National Emergency
Article 356- State Emergency
Article 360- Financial Emergency
Part XX- Article 368 (Amendment of the
Constitution)
Schedules:
1st Schedule: The states, the Union Territories
7th Schedule:
List 1: Union List (97 items)
List 2: State List (61 items)
List 3: Concurrent List (47 items)
8th Schedule: List of Recognized languages.
10th Schedule: Anti Defection Law
11th Schedule: Powers, Authority & Response of
Panchayats
12th Schedule: Powers, Authority & Response of
Municipalities
 Important Constitutional Amendments

1st Amendment, 1951: Made several changes to


the Fundamental Rights
24th Amendment, 1971: Power to the Parliament
to amend any part of the constitution including
Fundamental Rights.
36th Amendment, 1975: Sikkim Became 22nd
state of India.
42nd Amendment, 1976: (Mini Constitution)
It added Fundamental Duties to Indian Constitution.
Fundamental Duties were added in Part IVA and
Article 51A.
It was recommended by Swaran Singh Committee.
52nd Amendment, 1985: Anti Defection law
(added as 10th Schedule in Indian Constitution)
61st Amendment, 1989: Voting age decreased
from 21 to 18.
69th Amendment, 1991: Delhi made NCR.
71st Amendment, 1992: It included Konkani,
Manipuri and Nepali language in the 8th
schedule.
73rd Amendment, 1993: It added Panchayats in
Part 9 and 11th Schedule was made.
74th Amendment, 1993: It added Municipalities in
Part 9A and 12th Schedule was made.
92nd Amendment, 2003: Bodo, Dogri, Maithili &
Santhali added in 8th Schedule.
101st Amendment, 2017: GST
 Borrowed features of the
Constitution:
United States of America:
Fundamental Rights
Preamble of Constitution
Impeachment of the President
Independence of Judiciary
Note:
Germany:
Fundamentals Rights are suspended during emergency.
Britain:
Parliamentary government
Single Citizenship
Bicameralism
Ireland:
Directive Principles of State Policy
Method of Election of President
USSR (Russia)
Fundamental Duties
The ideals of Justice (social, economic and
political)
South Africa:
Amendment of the Constitution
Australia:
Concurrent list concept
Joint sitting of Parliament
France:
Concept of Republic
Japan:
Concept of Procedure established by law
Canada:
Centrifugal form of federalism (center is
stronger than states)
Centre appoints the governor at the states
 Previous year Questions
QUE:1- The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the
Indian Constitution are borrowed from the
______________ constitution.
1) United States.
2) Canadian
3) British
4) French
QUE:2 - Which of the following is a characteristic of a
"First Past the Post" electoral system?
1) Candidate who wins the elections gets majority of
votes
2) Voter votes for a candidate.
3) Voter votes for the party
4) Every party gets seats in the legislature in
proportion to the percentage of votes that it gets
 First Past the Post:

A voting system in which a person is elected


because they get more votes than anyone else
in the area that they want to represent.
Major democracies using this: US, UK and
Canada.
QUE:3 - In the Indian Constitution, as per
Fundamental Rights, Abolition of Untouchability is a
__________.
1) Right to equality.
2) Right to freedom of religion
3) Right against exploitation
4) Right to Constitutional remedy
QUE:4- In the Indian Constitution, the idea of
Residual Powers has been borrowed from the
_________ Constitution.
1) French
2) Canadian.
3) Russian
4) British
QUE:5- Article 42 of the Indian Constitution "Provision
for justice and humane conditions of work and
maternity relief" deals with?
1) the Union Government
2) the State Government
3) the fundamental rights of the Indian Citizen
4) the directive principles of state policy.
QUE:6 - In the Indian Constitution, as per
Fundamental Rights, Prohibition of forced labour is a
__________.
1) Right to equality
2) Right to freedom of religion
3) Right against exploitation.
4) Right to Constitutional remedy
QUE:7 - The A quasi-federal form of government of
the Indian Constitution are borrowed from the
______________ constitution.
1) Irish
2) United States
3) British
4) Canadian.
QUE:8 - Which of the following countries follows the
"First Past the Post" electoral system?
1) Israel
2) Netherlands
3) UK.
4) Denmark
QUE:9 - The Institution of the Speaker and his role of
the Indian Constitution are borrowed from the _____
constitution.
1) British.
2) French
3) Irish
4) Canadian
QUE:10 - Which of the following is false with
reference to Presidential type of executive?
1) President is the head of the Government
2) President is head of the state
3) The President is usually directly elected by the
people
4) President is accountable to the Legislature.
QUE:11 - Which of the following subjects is included
in the Concurrent List?
1) Banking
2) Trade Unions.
3) Agriculture
4) Police
QUE:12 - The Principles of Liberty, Equality and
Fraternity of the Indian Constitution are borrowed
from the _________ constitution.
1) French.
2) Irish
3) Canadian
4) United States
QUE:13 - Which of the following is false with
reference to Parliamentary type of executive?

1) President or Monarch may be the head of the state


2) Prime Minister is the head of the Government
3) The Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party
in legislature
4) The Prime Minister is not accountable to the
legislature.
QUE:14 - Judges can hold office till _____.
1) Till reaching the age of retirement.
2) For 5 Years
3) Tenure is decided by President
4) Tenure is decided by Parliament

Note: Current age of retirement for Supreme Court


judges is 65 years while High Court Judges is 62
years.
QUE:15 - The Directive Principles of State Policy of
the Indian Constitution are borrowed from the _____
constitution.
1) Irish.
2) British
3) United States
4) Canadian
QUE:16 - Which of the following subjects is included
in the Union List?
1) Ports.
2) Land
3) Agriculture
4) Liquor
QUE:17 - Which of the following states does not have
a bicameral legislature?
1) Bihar
2) Karnataka
3) Gujarat.
4) Jammu and Kashmir

Note: Seven Indian States- Andhra Pradesh,


Telangana, Bihar, Jammu
Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.
QUE:18 - The Power of Judicial Review and
independence of the judiciary principle of the Indian
Constitution is borrowed from the _______
constitution.
1) British
2) Irish
3) Canadian
4) United States.
QUE:19 - All of the following are powers of the Rajya
Sabha, except one. Select the wrong option.

1) Can give the Union parliament power to make laws


on matters included in the State list
2) Approves the Proclamation of emergency.
3) Considers and approves non money bills and
suggests amendments to money bills
4) Exercises control over executive by asking
questions, introducing motions and resolutions
QUE:20 - All of the following subjects are part of the
State List, except:
1) Land
2) Airways.
3) Liquor
4) Police
QUE:21 - The First Past the Post system of election
within the Indian Constitution are borrowed from the
______________ constitution.
1) Irish
2) Canadian
3) United States
4) British.
QUE:22 - The Fundamental Right to move freely
throughout the territory of India is what type of Right?
1) Right to liberty and Personal freedoms.
2) Right to Equality
3) Right against exploitation
4) Right to Constitutional remedy
QUE:23 - Which of the following subjects are part of
the Union List?
1) Banking.
2) Agriculture
3) Police
4) Public Heath
Thanks