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News analysis Health Business

Kampala’s fat How Sitting, walking Customer data leaks could How to bring women,
and the hungry affect your memory spell doom for local banks youth to formal economy

Issue No. 544 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

Musisi
walks-out
The real story behind
By Agnes Nantaba

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Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
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Issue No. 544 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018

News analysis Business Health Arts Motoring

Cover story
Musisi walks-out
The real story behind

4 The Week
29 Comments
UPDF criticised over cover
up in city abduction The martyrdom of Khashoggi:
Discrediting, constraining,
or otherwise silencing
9 The Last Word
independent journalists is a key
Museveni’s forgotten railway unit: tool of repression
Why 30 years later, we should not
condemn but sympathise with the
36 Health
president’s fanciful and failed dreams
Sitting, standing,
14 Analysis walking: How do they
affect your memory?
Kampala’s fat and the hungry: KCCA,
WFP concerned as number of children
without food grows from 13.5% to 18%
39 Arts & Culture
27 Business
Forgotten art masters:
Customer data leaks could spell Why Uganda needs a
doom for local banks: BoU says national archive for art
it’s not responsible for secrecy of
customers’ information

STRATEGY & EDITORIAL DIRECTOR: Andrew M. Mwenda WRITERS:Ronald Musoke, Flavia Nassaka, Ian Katusiime,
MANAGING EDITOR: Joseph Were Agnes Nantaba, Julius Businge.
INVESTIGATIONS EDITOR: Haggai Matsiko DESIGN/LAYOUT: Sarah Ngororano
BUSINESS EDITOR: Isaac Khisa CARTOONIST: Harriet Jamwa
PHOTOGRAPHER: Jimmy Siya

PUBLISHER: Independent Publications Limited, Plot 82/84, Kanjokya Street, P. O. Box 3304, Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256-312-637-391/ 2/ 3/ 4 | Fax: +256-312-637-396 E-mail: editor@independent.co.ug | advertising@independent.co.ug
circulation@independent.co.ug | Website: www.independent.co.ug

2 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Offline

Activists from the group
code Pink dressed as
U.S. President Donald
Trump and Saudi Crown
Prince Mohammad bin
Salman participate in a
demonstration calling
for sanctions against
Saudi Arabia and against “One of the main challenges has been
the disappearance
of Saudi journalist to reconcile the competing interests
Jamal Khashoggi between political perspectives/decisions
in front of the U.S. and the strategic plans, policies,
State Department in
Washington. regulations and work plans of the KCCA
technical team.”Jennifer Musisi, KCCA boss in
her resignation letter

In promotion of
Politicon, an annual
nonpartisan political
convention, the “Baby
Trump” balloon that first
debuted in London this
summer is sent aloft in
Los Angeles, California,
on Oct.19
“I feel thrilled. I feel at
home.”American rapper Kanye West on a
visit in Uganda

A Honduran migrant
hits the shield of a
federal policeman
after storming
the Guatemalan
checkpoint to enter “To the administrators of Namboole
Mexico, in Ciudad
Hidalgo, Mexico on stadium, officials of FUFA and others
Oct. 19. who are used in these kinds of dirty
games, please know that Ugandans
are watching. No matter how much
pressure you get from the regime,
always do your job without fear or
favour.” Kyadondo East MP Bobi Wine on
his blocked Kyarenga concert

Senior Police US grant to Money the Bamugemereire
53 officers who were
reshuffled recently
Shs317bn Uganda for
refugee assistance
Shs23bn Commission is asking from
gov’t to continue its work

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 3
week
UPDF criticised over cover
up in city abduction
There has been sharp criticism towards
the Uganda People’s Defence Forces
(UPDF) for the summary trial of the four
armed men who were captured on video
abducting Yusuf Kawooya, a member
of the Democratic Party (DP), in broad
daylight near Christ the King Church in the
city centre on Oct. 19. Onlookers gazed in
bewilderment as Kawooya was roughed
up, punched repeatedly with a gun butt and
after whisked off in a commuter taxi. The
armed men were arrested and tried before
the Unit Disciplinary Court of the army.
However the public demands more answers.
Some people have identified the armed men
City Oilers set new record in Ugandan basketball officers of the Police Flying Squad. Lawyer
Nicholas Opiyo said the army must provide
the full names, rank and army number of
The enduring success of the City Oilers Falcons’ record of six titles but no team these individuals if they are soldiers at all.
basketball team has given the Ugandan has ever come close to Oilers’ six in a He added that the name of the commandant
sports fraternity a new dimension. row, with Falcon only winning a hat trick on whose instructions they were acting
Last week, City Oilers won their sixth of titles from 2002-2004. City Oilers led should also be given. The video sparked
successive National Basketball League by Captain Jimmy Enabu, have continued outrage from Ugandans who demanded
title when they defeated Betway Power to beat opponents into submission season the security forces to take action on the men.
81-73 in game five of the finals. Fans in season out. Coach Many Juruni and Ugandans expressed shock on a scene that
have been blown away by the Oilers’ Oilers Chairman Mohammed Santur was reminiscent of the Idi Amin’s reign of
scintillating basketball and consistency have been praised for their management terror in Uganda. The incident was another
since they were first crowned kings style that has been a behind a rare success chilling episode in the increasing brutality
of local hoops in 2013. They equaled story in Ugandan sport. meted out on Ugandans by security forces.

ADF rebels strike near Ugandan border in DRC
Rebels of the Allied police sources. The attack
Defence Forces (ADF) killed has derailed efforts at
over 12 people and abducted curbing the deadly Ebola
15 others, including 10 which has hit parts of
children, in an overnight eastern DR Congo. World
raid near Beni, near DR Health Organisation Director
Congo’s eastern border with General Tedros Adhanom
Uganda. The attack is right Ghebreyesus condemned
in the centre of an Ebola the attack and said everyone
outbreak. Police recovered should work towards peace
the bodies of 11 civilians and fighting Ebola. In
killed in the town of Matete December last year, the ADF
north of Beni, and some rebels raided some areas
missing children aged five near Kasese in the eastern
to 10 years according to side of DRC killing scores.

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4 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Week
Airtel connects Palabek LGBT Agenda banned at IPU meet
refugee settlement Legislators meeting in Geneva have voted Abdulatif Sebaggala (Kawempe North),
to ban debate on the subject of Lesbian, Rose Kabagyeni (Kisoro District), Esther
Airtel Uganda launched a network site Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) at Anyakun (Nakapiripirit District), Paul
to enable telecommunication services at the Inter Parliamentary Union ever again. Akamba (Busiki) and Francis Mwijukye
Palabek Refugee Settlement in Lamwo The Ugandan delegation led by Speaker (Buhweju). They were supported by mainly
District, northern Uganda. Airtel also held Rebecca Kadaga led the move against representatives from China, Russia, African
a two-day health camp in Palabek. The two what they termed as a well-orchestrated and Arab parliaments. The LGBT agenda
events were aimed at promoting connectivity machination led by Canada and Belgium had been presented to the Assembly to be
and improving livelihoods in the settlement who had lobbied many delegates to vote in debated as an emergency item for the next
and the surrounding areas. The event favor of the motion. Uganda’s delegation 140th IPU Assembly.
was also attended by officials of Uganda comprises Mourine Osoru (Arua district),
Communication Commission, (UCC), the
Office of the Prime Minister and local area
leaders. Airtel MD V.G. Somasekhar said
the mast launch and health camp were
part of the company’s ongoing efforts to
ensure affordable and reliable countrywide
coverage of voice and internet services as
well as the provision of much needed health
services to different communities across
Uganda. Palabek is the newest refugee
settlement established in April this year and
is said to be hosting more than 34,000 South
Sudanese refugees. The Director for the
Rural Communication Development Fund
at the UCC, Nyombi Tembo commended the
company for investing in the two events.

Speaker Kadaga raises a placard at the IPU Assembly

Courts set target for clearing sexual violence cases
Ugandan courts are perennially circuits of Mukono, Moroto, Soroti,
burdened by case backlog. Now the Masaka, Gulu, Bushenyi and Mbale.
judiciary has set a target of clearing Also included are Chief Magistrates
1000 sexual violence cases within Courts of Nabweru, Iganga Lira,
40 days. Thirteen special sessions Kapchorwa, and Sironko. Yorokamu
will be conducted in different parts Bamwine, the Principal Judge,
of the country from November to said each judicial officer has been
December 15. A statement from the assigned between 50 and 100 cases
judiciary’s public relations office for disposing of within 40 days.
said the sessions will commence with Bamwine added that the judicial
a training on Oct. 29. The criminal officers are expected to take into
sessions will be funded by United account the plea bargain procedure.
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). He made the remarks while chairing
The selected courts are the High a high-level Justice Law and Order
Court criminal division, High Court Sector (JLOS) stakeholders meeting.

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Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 5
Week
Kenyans ask Raila to focus on new AU role Britam unveils Windows
Glass insurance
Kenyans have hailed was a twist early this
Opposition leader year when Raila and Britam Insurance Company (Uganda)
Raila Odinga on his Uhuru had a famous Limited has unveiled a new product dubbed
new appointment as handshake at State “Windows Glass Cover” (WGC) which is
the African Union House which the two an extension of its already existing motor
Special Envoy on men said was the start third party insurance cover. Speaking
Infrastructural of a reconciliation during the unveiling of the cover on Oct.22,
Development and process to heal Kenya. Edward Nambaffu, General Manager, said
asked him to fully Since then the country the company’s product development team
devote himself to it. has been embroiled in reviewed its Motor Third Party Liability
Many commenting on talk about Kenyatta’s (MTPL) policy, one of the only two statutory
social and mainstream succession in 2022 of compulsory insurance covers, with a view to
media say the former which Raila is a key improve it and make it more responsive to
prime minister and figure. In a statement, the needs of motorists in Uganda. Nambaffu
leader of National AU says Raila brings stated that under Ugandan laws, MTPL
Super Alliance (NASA) with him a rich provides for a maximum liability limit of
should steer clear of energy sector. political experience and Shs1 million per person per accident and/
Kenyan politics which With the new AU strong commitment or a maximum of Shs10million shillings per
has sharply divided the role, President Uhuru to the ideals of Pan- accident. He added sometimes it does not
nation since the 2017 Kenyatta and his Africanism and African provide adequate compensation in cases
elections. Raila will be deputy, William integration, as well of accidents where the different glasses
the first holder of the Ruto, and many other as a deep knowledge are broken or damaged. “It is also a fact
new office established Kenyans have said Raila of infrastructure that many motorists are not in position
to promote integration, is well suited for the development. Raila to regularly afford comprehensive motor
cross-border trade job and should use to served as Energy, insurance,” he explained. The Windscreen
and regional projects, push for infrastructural Roads, Public Works, and Door Glass Cover Policy bridges
including railways and development across and Housing minister the gap between Motor Third Party and
roads as well as in the the continent. There between 2001 and 2005. comprehensive cover.

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6 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Humour Did you know?

This car costs Shs1.8 billion

I
t is called the Ford GT supercar, has a
starting price of US$ 500,000 (Approx.
Shs1.8 billion), and until now, only
1000 cars have been produced.
And you don’t just walk into a Ford
showroom and buy a GT; you have to
apply to buy one. According to Road and
Track reporting, cars produced for the 2017
Lord Mayor Erias Lukwago celebrated the resignation and 2018 model years were reserved for
of the KCCA executive director Jennifer Musisi.
selected buyers, and the 2019 model year
cars will be for buyers who were passed
over in the initial selection process.
Ford builds its GT models at an ultra-
low-volume production facility in Canada,
where it started production of the current
model in December 2016.
Originally, Ford said it would build
only 1,000 of the GT models, but that
apparently was making some would-be
buyers unhappy. Citing “unprecedented”
demand, the automaker recently said it’s
increasing the production of the Ford
GT from an initial run of 1,000 cars to
1,350 cars. “The response to our Ford
GT has been unprecedented, with initial
demand outstripping supply by more
than six-to-one. By extending the Ford GT
production run for a limited period, we’re
able to maintain the exclusivity of the
ultra-desirable supercar while offering the
Government ministries, departments and agencies have been ownership experience to a greater number
warned ahead of a tough financial year 2019/20. of customers,” said Hermann Salenbauch,
Ford Performance director, in a statement.
To obtain one of the 350 extra GT
models, Ford said it is “re-opening the
application window to customers hoping
to join the exclusive group of Ford GT
owners starting Nov. 8 for select global
markets. Prospective owners will be able
to submit their applications for 30 days at
FordGT.com.”
What does your $500,000-plus buy you?
You get a twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter
V-6 engine that pumps out 647 horsepower
and 550 lb-ft of torque. The V-6 is
coupled to a seven-speed, dual-clutch,
automatic transmission, and in Car and
Driver’s testing, the rear-wheel-drive GT
accelerated to 60 miles per hour in just 3
seconds and accelerated through a quarter-
mile run in 10.8 seconds at 134 mph. The
Minister of Justice & Constitutional Affairs in the Ugandan Cabinet Kahinda Otafiire has blasted MPs top speed of the car is estimated at 216
who voted against the 0.5% mobile money tax, referring to them as enemies of the country. miles per hour.

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 7
Bishops attend a Mass for the canonization of the Pope Paul VI
and El Salvador’s Archbishop Oscar Romero at the Vatican.
The Last Word Opinion

Museveni’s forgotten railway unit
By Andrew M. Mwenda
Why 30 years later, we should not condemn but
sympathise with the president’s fanciful and failed dreams

L
ast week someone sent me a video of (military or civilian), its political system affluent industrial nations within a genera-
President Yoweri Museveni speaking (military rule, one party, one man, no party, tion. These nations include Taiwan, Singa-
on December 22, 1988. multiparty), or length of rule or the age of pore, South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong.
In it, the President who was just the president. The first three had long serving leaders
two years in power says: “We must have It is nearly 60 years since most of our during their transformative years. I think
our own capacity to build houses, roads, nations got independence but it is hard to this is the cause of the leader-centric argu-
dams, railways.” find a government in Africa building her ment. Japan and Hong Kong did not have
Museveni boasted that he was “using the on railways, dams, roads, etc. or manufac- such long serving leaders, but they too
Kasese line as an opportunity to build a turing her own cars, mobile phone hand- transformed. I, therefore, suspect that even
railways construction unit.” sets, bicycles, computers, televisions or without Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore, if it had
Then he accused the previous government anything of significance. Across our vast a government open to global integration,
of having negotiated a loan from foreign continent, it is the Chinese, Indians, Arabs would have transformed within the same
governments worth $200 million to build a and Europeans building infrastructure for period it did just like Hong Kong and Japan.
railway. us. This is not to say leaders do not matter at
“I told our people that $200 million is a Sub-Sahara Africa, with a population of all. They do, but only within very narrow
lot of money to lay these irons from here to over 900 million people has not produced margins. What matters most is society-
Kasese on a firm bed... If the British could a major global brand akin to Sum Sung, wide diffusion of skills, values, attitudes,
build a railway from Mombasa to Kampala Hyundai, Kia and LG produced by South and shared-mentalities. If leaders matter, it
in 1900, why can’t we build it ourselves in Korea, a peninsular of only 52 million is when good leadership is diffuse across
1988?” people. society – from the head of a family to the
Museveni was only 44 years at the time So what really is Africa’s problem? For head of a local school, the village council
and speaks with confidence and conviction. many people, the answer is simple – bad upwards to the president. Such diffusion of
Almost 30 years later, Uganda has not built leadership; meaning the president, minis- good leadership throughout society is an
a single kilometre of rail. Instead, whatever ters, bureaucrats, legislators and military asset that propels the “right” people to the
existed of the old rail line is now moribund officers. We are told our leaders are selfish, top. Even in the unlucky event a poor leader
and Museveni has resorted to a Chinese power hungry and corrupt. That this has gets to the top, the infrastructure below is
company to build a rail line. led to “bad governance.” robust enough to ensure better governance
Museveni’s pricing too does not look In Uganda’s case, our problem is one man: outcomes.
good, even when the cost difference Museveni. But Museveni is not president Like many other political upstarts and
between standard and meter gauge if of Malawi, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, “intellectual” elites, Museveni of 1988
factored in. The rail line from Malaba to Niger, Chad, Kenya, Zambia, Gabon, Benin, thought the problem of Uganda was lead-
Kampala is 273km at $2 billion while from Tanzania, etc. where the Chinese and other ership – in his case Milton Obote and Idi
Kampala to Kasese is 381km and would foreign firms are building everything and Amin. For Museveni the two lacked the
have cost $426 million in 2018 prices. locals are only hired as porters. right ideology and patriotism.
Yet while this article exposes the presi- Africa cannot have a monopoly in the I hope experience has humbled him since
dent’s failed promises and fanciful dreams, production of corrupt and selfish leaders. his “railway unit” has not materialised. This
it is not aimed at condemning or criticising In any case capitalism has transformed our is not to criticise him individually - because
him. Instead, it seeks to understand him globe by harnessing the selfishness and no government in Africa is building her
and even sympathise with him. I hope greed of individuals in the market. Indeed own dams, railways and highways. It is
that in understanding Museveni failure to as a moral philosophy, communism is supe- to show a society-wide incapacity to build
realise his dreams, despite his ambition and rior to capitalism because it is based on indi- things by ourselves – even after 60 years of
32 years in power, we can develop a better viduals seeking the collective good and yet Uhuru.
understanding of Africa’s development it failed to deliver prosperity. Therefore, I do This leads me to the conclusion that
predicament. not think selfishness per se is a bad thing – Western and East Asian nations are not suc-
Why do problems of poverty, disease, unless there is a unique way it manifests in cessful because of their political leaders and
ignorance, corruption, tribalism, dictatorial Africa that is detrimental to progress. the states over which they preside. They are
rule, rigged or elections persist in Africa Secondly, we could even ask: if leaders are prosperous because of their evolved levels
even as governments come and go? the transformative agents, which president of social organisation, skills and shared
Not a single government in Africa has of the USA, chancellor of Germany or prime mentalities. This means that their political
transformed a country from a backward, minister of Denmark, Sweden, Netherlands, leaders and hence the states are a conse-
poor agrarian society into a modern, Norway, Belgium, Britain and France quence and reflection of their levels of social
affluent industrial nation. transformed those nations? I suspect the organisation. By focusing on the state and
That is regardless of how the government obsession with transformative leaders was its political leaders, Africa is searching in the
comes to power (military coup, popular born of the specific experience of East Asia. wrong place for answers to our poverty.
insurrection, armed struggle, democratic There, five nations transformed from back-
elections,) or the nature of their leadership ward, poor agrarian societies to modern, amwenda@independent.co.ug

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 9
cover story

Musisi
walks-out
The real story behind
By Agnes Nantaba

E
vents that led Jennifer Musisi, eni has lately refused requests from Musisi According to some analysts, Museveni’s
the Executive Director of Kam- for a meeting. She has been locked out. That offer to revamp Pioneer was a misreading
pala Capital City Authority is a major shift from the past when the two of the city transport situation. But it added
(KCCA) to offer to resign ap- used to schmooze as they toured the city. another knot in the rope around Musisi. The
pear to have climaxed on Oct. And on Oct.05 Museveni also made city transport sector has been a major head-
05. many pledges. However, for Musisi who ache for Musisi since, it appears her nem-
But when The Independent interviewed also tagged along, two Museveni pledges esis; the KCCA Lord Mayor Erias Lukwago
her soon after she announced her resigna- must have stood out. The first was Musev- is the de-facto patron of the main operators.
tion, Musisi insisted on the official line she eni’s pledge to ensure that market vendors The taxi operators blame Musisi for clipping
has chosen to explain her resignation. claw back titles for markets that have been the wings of the once powerful Uganda Taxi
“Resignation is normal,” she said. taken over by tycoons in the city. The sec- Operators and Drivers Association (UTO-
In reality, resignation from the top levels ond was to do with revamping city bus DA). They claim she brought the Pioneer
in Museveni’s government and a top in the transport in the city. Musisi has not been Buses to chase them out of business. Musisi
country Shs45 million salary per month, enthusiastic about these two projects over also drew the wrath of politicians and busi-
plus prestige and numerous perks is noth- her seven-year tenure. ness people in the boda boda motorcycle
ing normal. So The Independent pressed Regarding the markets, especially the business when she attempted to tax and
Musisi to explain the real reason. She yield- biggest –Balikuddembe aka Owino, the regulate it. They accused her of attempting
ed – a bit; saying she would reveal more at a vendors see Musisi as a saboteur of their to kick them out of the city. Most of these
later date maybe in November. ownership ambitions and have sued KCCA accusations are falsehood but Musisi hat-
But a lot can be gathered from the days in the Kampala High Court. The Owino ers are not in a hurry to correct them. And
before Musisi’s announcement; especially vendors argue that before Musisi was Museveni had joined them.
from events of Oct.05. appointed in 2011, they had agreed with
On that day, Musisi’s boss, President her predecessors over leasing the land the Mafia damage Musisi?
Yoweri Museveni toured markets and taxi market sits on for Shs4.2 billion. Under The events of Oct.05 were the latest in
and bus parks and interacted with huge their vendors association, they borrowed a series of events at which Museveni has
crowds in these pockets of the city popula- the money and paid. But by then Musisi rolled Musisi in the mud. The most report-
tion. was in charge and she flatly told them that ed about happened in late March 2016;
During Museveni’s tour, the Minister of KCCA had no land to offer them. Therefore, soon after the general elections. Museveni
Finance, Matia Kasaija who Museveni con- Museveni’s pledge on Oct.05 to repay the whose NRM had received a major drabbing
stantly referred to as the “the money man” vendors’ bank loan, rescue the market land, in the Kampala mayoral elections, called
tagged along as the President doled out the and hand it over to the vendors was a slap a soul-searching meeting at his country
bags of cash to various individuals, groups, across Musisi’s face. home in Rwakitura. He invited party lead-
and causes. According to one estimate, he On the buses, Musisi has not acted on a ers from the city, councilors, vendors, and
dished out about Shs3 billion. major demand by city transporter; Pioneer other cadres. Soon, however, it became a
He gave money to market vendors, taxi Easy Bus for exclusive taxi free lanes. Musi- drag-Musisi-in-the- mud day. The NRM
operators, women’s groups, groups of the si’s failure is blamed for Pioneer’s woes that loss was blamed on Musisi’s no-nonsense
disabled, and shopkeepers. It was clear that, saw the company fall under the auctioneer’s administration of the city. According to
for Museveni, the campaign to retake the hammer in 2013 over unpaid arrears of the NRM losers, Musisi had turned voters
city from the opposition in the next elec- Shs8.5 billion owed to the Uganda Revenue against NRM.
tions in 2021 had started. And Musisi had Authority. Only Museveni’s intervention They pointed out that in the 2011 elec-
become unwanted baggage. saved that company, which has since them tion, before Musisi came in, Museveni got
According to informed sources, Musev- limped on without much prospect. 226,000 votes against his main challenger;

10 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
cover story
Kizza Besigye’s 229,000 in the city; a differ- to win in the city to the mess at the party’s for works in the city undermined her role
ence of about 3,000 votes. In the same elec- Electoral Commission. The NRM primaries and would break the chains to get into the
tions, NRM won three parliamentary seats for Mayor had been won by Daniel Kazi- system,” he told the Independent in a recent
in Kampala against the combined opposi- bwe aka Ragga Dee; a renowned musician interview.
tion which won six seats. In fact, they said, who failed to muster wide appeal. He said from that point on Musisi could
most NRM candidates had been competi- Even before the 2016 election, Museveni not act, even against petty street vendors or
tive in Kampala, only losing narrowly. had at his last campaign rally in Kampala, hawkers to completely clean off Kampala
In 2016, they said, Museveni and the pushed Musisi under the NRM bus with an streets because these translate into votes
NRM faced a total rout because of Musisi. apology to residents of downtown Kampala for Museveni. Musisi and her team were
Museveni’s votes, they pointed out fell by about KCCA’s harsh way of delivering the damaged by the politics of populism from
30% to 157,000 while Besigye rose by more much-needed change in the city. Museveni, he said.
than 50% to 335,000. In short Besigye, who Majority of the people in the crowd were
had a small lead of 3,000 votes, now gar- hawkers, former street vendors, market Unwanted KCCA jobs
nered a staggering lead of 180,000 votes, vendors and petty traders as well as the Soon after that, in November 2016,
more than double the total votes Museveni unemployed. It was claimed these no longer Musisi’s then- deputy, Judith Tukahirwa
got in Kampala. Not a single candidate on supported Museveni and NRM because of resigned citing political interference. She
the NRM ticket in Kampala was elected to Musisi’s approach to restoring order in the said she was quitting because of “failure of
parliament. city. certain government agencies to assist KCCA
Museveni had laid the ground for this City lawyer and former Kampala District fulfill its potential on account of the politics
analysis when, while addressing a post-elec- Land Board (KDLB) chairman, Yusuf Nsi- of the day”.
tion retreat and his first media briefing at bambi, recalls that event as the climax of As morale collapsed and her team
his country home in Rwakitura, he squarely effort to break Musisi’s back. He says it was crumbled, Musisi appears to have resorted
blamed the loss in Kampala on Musisi. the handwork of what he calls the “mafias” to operating purely as a technocrat. When
Before that, then-NRM Chairperson for to drag down Musisi’s determination and Museveni renewed her contract in April
Kampala Central Salim Uhuru had attrib- hard work. 2017, it was a decision not backed by the
uted the failure by the party’s flag bearers “The mafia group targeting to get tenders trend. As Museveni blamed her for his

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 11
cover story
ambassadorial posting after the elections.
The other top NRM win was in Mbarara,
for historical reasons.
Musisi was equally aware that since
Museveni came to power, his nemeses in
Kampala have been different shades of the
Democratic Party (DP). Currently, Museve-
ni’s main opponent is Erias Lukwago; a his-
torical DP leader who currently allies with
opposition FDC stalwart Kizza Besigye.
The only time a non-DP won an election
in Kampala was in 1986. This was under
the Movement no-party arrangement and
Bidandi Ssali defeated fellow movementists;
Sam Kutesa and Joseph Mulenga. The later
were DP-leaning while Bidandi was from
political failures, Musisi equally had been councilors to manage the city in a mayor- Museveni’s Uganda Patriotic Movement
sending signals that she no longer wanted council relation used before 2005, the KCCA (UPM).
the job. padded on appointed KCCA officials, Recent DP leaders in Kampala have
“Had I known what this job involves at and Museveni crowned the controversial included Christopher Iga, Nasser Ssebagala,
the time the President asked me to take it arrangement by appointing a minister for Ssebaana Kizito. Before that were Hajji Ali
up, I would have declined,” she had said on Kampala. That model is unknown in city Serunjogi, Damiano Lubega, Wasswa Zirit-
February 28, 2017 while appearing before management modules. Observers, among wawula, and even Dr Specioza Kazibwe.
the Parliamentary Committee on Statutory them Nsibambi, argue that the KCCA Museveni has battled these DP stalwarts,
Authority and State Enterprises (COSASE). leaders could make it work if it was not for and in cases of Kazibwe, Ssebagala, and
In her 21-page resignation letter, which political point scoring. Despite the shenani- Ziritwawula successfully co-opted some of
she made public, Musisi cited lack of sup- gans, Lukwago contested in 2016 and won them. He has never defeated them.
port from Museveni indirectly. re-election. Aware of all this, Musisi must have start-
“There is inadequate political support By the time she resigned on Oct. 15 ed drafting her resignation letter soon after
to the efforts of the KCCA technical team Musisi was stilling boiling over Lukwago the 2016 elections. Clearly a result-oriented
to transform Kampala and therefore many but there appeared no vigour. Over 10 top manager with an eye for opportunity and a
planned city improvement plans have not KCCA officials had quit, including at direc- penchant for innovation, she was not carved
been implemented,” the letter reads in part. tor level. Apart from Musisi, only one of the out for warming the seats of White Hall
“I have over the last seven years raised original top team remained. With Musisi without working.
these issues numerous time to the executive gone, the original KCCA is dead. Sensing Museveni’s cold-shoulder, she
and legislature which have at times made slowed down, became despondent. And the
some efforts to address them. However, on Museveni’s unrealistic blame city noticed as one radio clip played soon
the whole these challenges have not been But blaming Musisi for Museveni’s politi- after her resignation letter became public
substantially addressed therefore hamper- cal failure in Kampala misses the reality that illustrated. The clip was a street interview of
ing planned transformation programmes Museveni was in 2016 defeated in many a child (imagine a six year-old and translate
and expected service delivery”. urban centres across the country. into Luganda which she spoke).
So, in her last days, it was difficult to Museveni’s NRM had, in fact, won only 8
imagine Musisi as someone who had earlier out the 30 mayoral positions or only 26% of Interviewer:
viewed her role to include a political mis- the vote in major municipalities across the Do you know Jennifer Musisi.
sion to frustrate the opposition. Back then, country. This was in sharp contrast to the
the target of her attack was Lord Mayor presidential poll results which Museveni Child:
Lukwago who she effectively locked out of won by 61%, and the parliamentary elec- Yes, she is the city boss who has resigned.
office. tions where the opposition won only 56
The crest of Musisi’s campaign against seats and NRM over 280. Interviewer:
Lukwago was in November 2013 and it The opposition swept all five mayoral What do you see as her good work?
was ugly. Musisi joined then Minister for slots in Kampala and NRM losses were
Kampala, Frank Tumwebaze to oversee an blamed on Musisi’s iron-gloves approach. Child:
impeachment attempt on Lukwago. There But the opposition also won many mayoral She restored order and brought us the
was drama in the White Hall chamber position outside Musisi’s reach; in Mbale, city carnival
when Lukwago supporters attempted to Wakiso, Mukono, Masaka, Lira, Soroti,
table a court injunction of the proceedings Rukungiri, Masindi and more. Clearly the Interviewer:
and were violently blocked by security NRM rout in major urban centres was less Oh, but she did not organize the carnival
personnel. A lawyer acting on Lukwago’s about Musisi and more about elite disen- this year. So?
behalf was also dragged on the tarmac of chantment with Museveni and NRM. In
city streets and his suit torn to tatters. Luk- any case, the elites in Kampala are staunch Child:
wago’s office was barricaded. Musisi fans. On the ballot paper, however, Well, I too couldn’t get that.
To explain the friction between Musisi they skip NRM to tick opposition candi- Until Jennifer Musisi explains some
and Lukwago, several pundits blamed dates. of her actions better in November as
alleged lacunas in the law setting up KCCA. The only substantive NRM win was in promised, many observers will remain
They said it is not specific of separating Jinja where the main opposition candidate; equally confused.
roles; especially on who is the boss. Part of DP’s Baswale Kezaala, had become a dis-
the reason for that, instead of neatly manag- credited NRM sympathiser. He lost to an
ing the roles of the elected Lord Mayor and NRM candidate and was rewarded with an

12 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
news analysis

Musisi’s resignation
either directly or indirectly.
In one of the most dramatic cases this
year, Museveni in May directed the Educa-
tion Minister, Janet Museveni, who happens

and the fate of CEOs
to be his wife, to re-appoint Prof Waswa
Balunywa as head of Makerere University
Business School (MUBS). The university
council had kicked Balunywa out and
appointed Associate Prof. Moses Muhwezi
How Museveni’s meddling as the principal in the acting capacity. They
said Balunywa had clocked the retirement
complicates hiring and work age of 60 as per the Pension Act. But Musev-
eni gave him another four-year term.
Museveni was also cited in the appoint-
ment of Jolly Kaguhangire as executive
By Agnes E Nantaba Musisi is among the last of the original

J
director of the Uganda Investment Author-
KCCA officials to resign. Soon after the
ust days after Jennifer Musisi an- ity (UIA) in April 2017. She immediately fell
2016, when President Museveni first started
nouncing that she was resigning as out with the UIA board who accused her
bashing KCCA, Musisi’s then- deputy,
executive director of Kampala Capital of a combination of alleged incompetence
Judith Tukahirwa resigned citing political
City Authority (KCCA), experts start- and politicking before kicking her out and
interference.
ed discussing her likely successors and the installing Emely Kugonza. In this case,
She said she was quitting because of “fail-
challenges that await them. Museveni could not save Kaguhangire but
ure of certain government agencies to assist
Musisi announced on Oct.15 that she had by the time she left, she had sent some staff
the KCCA fulfill its potential on account of
tendered in her resignation to President packing and others had resigned.
the politics of the day”.
Yoweri Museveni and will be out of the job In March 2017, President Museveni inter-
by Dec. 15 after seven-years as the head of vened in the reinstatement of Uganda Print-
the technical arm of administrators of the About Jennifer Musisi Ssemakula ing and Publishing Corporation (UPPC)
nation’s capital. Managing Director, Irene Wasike Muwan-
Her resignation has attracted a lot of She was appointed Kampala guzi, into her office.
debate because she was catapulted to the Capital City Authority (KCCA) Muwanguzi had been fired by the BOD
position without prior city administration Executive Director in April 2011. in 2015 for alleged incompetence, a situation
experience, introduced dramatic changes She had previously served as that prompted her to seek for legal but also
in approach, and was feted by President pursue political redress.
Museveni before dramatically falling out of Commissioner Legal Services, In 2016, Museveni intervened in the
favour. and subsequently Commission- leadership wrangles at the National Social
Many commentators have pointed out er Legal Services and Board Security Fund (NSSF), between Managing
that as a manager, Musisi scored some Affairs in URA. In her early Director Richard Byarugaba and his deputy
major successes, brought order and pride to working life, Musisi worked for Geraldine Busuulwa Ssali. Busuulwa was
a disorderly city, cut down on overt corrup- eventually fired by the Fund’s BOD for
tion at White Hall and revamped infrastruc- Makerere University Kampala alleged insubordination and frequent dis-
ture and facilities. as a Legal Adviser. agreements with her boss.
She cleaned the city, resurfaced roads, Musisi brought order and pride In the latest incident, Museveni has
installed street and traffic lighting, and to a disorderly city, cut down on insisted that the Permanent Secretary in the
reopened the city commuter rail, redevel- overt corruption at White Hall Ministry of Labour, Pius Bigirimana, sits
oped medical facilities and schools, and on the board of the electricity distributor
revamped the KCCA football club; includ- and revamped infrastructure Umeme. Bigirimana had been rejected in a
ing constructing a stadium for it. and facilities. She resurfaced vote by the Umeme AGM.
But in her resignation letter, Musisi points roads, installed street and Observers say these skirmishes involving
out that she has been constrained by com- traffic lighting, and reopened Museveni and the heads of large institutions
peting interests between political perspec- the city commuter rail. On the can potentially scare away competent man-
tives, strategic plans, policies, regulations agers who are averse to politics. They say
and work plans. social services front, she rede- this could complicate the search for Musisi
“There is inadequate political support veloped the Naguru, Kawempe replacement at KCCA.
to the efforts of the KCCA technical team and Kiruddu medical facilities, But Urban and city management expert
to transform Kampala and therefore many build schools, and revamped Amanda Ngabirano says Musisi should
planned city improvement plans have not the KCCA football club; includ- have known her job had a political dimen-
been implemented,” the letter reads in part. sion even before taking it. Ngabirano told
Musisi’s complaint against being frus- ing constructing a stadium for it. The Independent that once she accepted the
trated by politicians was seen as directed at job, she should have delivered on her role.
Museveni. She said Musisi’s problem was that she
Musisi sounded frustrated but hang on.
“Where there is micro-management by liked to be the only one working and oper-
“Had I known what this job involves
the appointing authority, any Executive ated several KCCA systems independent of
at the time the President asked me to take
director cannot serve with independence for each other and in isolation.
it up, I would have declined,” she said on
fear of clashing interests,” said City lawyer “She did quite a lot but in isolation and
February 28, 2017 while appearing before
and former Kampala District Land Board too fast and the result cannot be expected to
the Parliamentary Committee on Statutory
(KDLB) Yusuf Nsibambi. He said Musisi be excellent,” said Ngabirano, ““The new
Authority and State Enterprises (COSASE).
was, in the end, torn by the politics of popu- ED should work with politicians by shar-
According to some observers, President
lism from President Museveni who also ing roles and not just ceremonial because
Museveni’s interference has frustrated man-
doubles as the appointing authority. people want to work.”
agement of various government institutions

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 13
NEWS ANALYSIS

Kampala’s fat and the hungry
KCCA, WFP concerned as number of children
without food grows from 13.5% to 18%
By Agnes E Nantaba These are some the questions Kampala people in need.

M
Capital City Authority (KCCA) and the When, on Oct.18, the Kampala Capital
ore people are going hungry UN agency, World Food Programme City Authority (KCCA) Executive
in Kampala district; home of (WFP), want answered. They have jointly Director, Jennifer Musisi, and WFP’s
the nation’s capital. This is hired the Makerere University School of Country Director, El Khidir Daloum, at
odd because Kampala is the Public Health, to investigate the nature City Hall signed the Memorandum of
center of the richest people in Uganda. and magnitude of both lack of food and understanding to do the research, they
But as many starve, Kampala also has bad feeding among the poor and better- revealed that they suspect a link between
many well-off people whose children are off households in Kampala. Results of poverty, the rapid expansion of the city,
getting fatter or obese due to over-eating. the joint comprehensive study will guide and the lack of food and bad feeding;
So what could be going wrong? KCCA and WFP in planning and assisting especially among children.

14 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
NEWS ANALYSIS
factors are ruled out, the child may be
deemed stunted. To estimate the level
According of stunting, experts take the average
incidence in the population. Globally, up
to the WHO to 25% of children are stunted; especially
in Africa and Asia.

child growth According to the World Health
Organisation (WHO), stunting is caused

standard, a by three factors; malnutrition, poor
sanitation; including lack of latrines, and

normal one- lack of social services, including medical
facilities.

year old child A survey by Sauti za Wananchi or
Voices of the Citizens conducted between

should have
October and December last year indicated
that poverty and food insecurity remain

a height of
the main problems faced by households
in the country.

between 70cm
The report highlighted that seven
people out of 10 skip a meal because of

to 80.5cm
lack of food, 69 per cent said that their
households ran out of food, 67 per cent
were hungry but had nothing to eat while
85 per cent were worried about running
out of food.
The National Demographic and Health
Survey 2016 found that rates of chronic
to look for work and finding themselves malnutrition or stunted growth among
squeezed into settlements where basic children aged under five in Kampala
social services are limited, sanitation is district rose from 13.5 percent in 2011 to
poor,” Musisi said, “And, as result, their 18 percent in 2016. 
children are prone to infections and ill Statistics from the National Zero
health. Moreover, these same households Hunger Strategic Review 2017 also found
can hardly afford regular healthy diets.” evidence of food insecurity and rising
Children below five are the most levels of malnutrition in Kampala city. It
hit and many of them, up to 18% of all noted that 21 percent of Ugandans lived
children in the cohort, according to WFP, in urban areas in 2014, up from 12 percent
are stunted. That figure is far lower in 2002.
than the national figure of 29% stunting, The growing slums, overwhelmed city
according to WFP estimates. But there is health centers and schools, uncoordinated
concern because the acceptable incidence housing facilities, heavy traffic jam, and
of stunting in Kampala is 15% and 10 year unemployment are a reality of Kampala’s
ago it was much lower at 13.5%. swelling population.
According the WFP’s Daloum, the But Musisi also blames the fast rising
figures may vary in Kampala; with some population on the large influx of refugees
areas being more affected by stunting and migrants who come into Kampala
“We are looking for scientific evidence than others. every day.
that can guide our assistance to She said, “On record we have over
vulnerable households and our overall Stunting danger 100,000 refugees but they could be more
city strategic plan,” Musisi said. Stunting is a major concern because, if because we receive them in schools and
Daloum said the new partnership will it occurs in early life before three years, hospitals”.
assist Uganda in working to achieve key it is an irreversible condition which has Musisi said KCCA is grappling with the
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); very bad effects on the sufferer. They are malnutrition challenge through facilities
especially SDG2 that aims at achieving at greater risk of illness and early death, like its Kyanja Agricultural Resource
zero hunger. This is important, according low level of learning, and growing into Centre.
to Daloum, because Kampala city poverty. Some of these challenges can be The center sits on 31 acres of land with
generates 60% of Uganda’s wealth. inherited from stunted parents by their over five projects; including poultry,
Kampala also ranks among the top 10 children. piggery, modernised fish ponds, and
fastest growing cities in Africa, according According to the World Health vegetables; including tomato, sweet
to Musisi. And the city is expanding at a Organization (WHO) child growth pepper and sukumawiki all grown in green
rate of 5 percent per year, currently with standard, a normal one-year old child houses.
a day-time population of five million should have a height of between 70cm to The goal is to complete the food value
people. She says most of the newcomers 80.5cm. At two years the baby should be chain to include preservation, processing,
flocking the city are people from the rural between 81cm and 93.2cm. Any child who and retention.
villages who end up in low income areas is shorter is considered either stunted or “It’s not enough to only grow food
around Kampala and are leading to rapid severely stunted if less than 77.9cm at two but how to arrive at a sustainable food
growth of slums. years. Any height above is considered solution for our people,” said Musisi.
“Many people are arriving in the city tall. If this condition persists, and genetic

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 15
NEWS ANALYSIS

Uganda gets new funded by the governments of Uganda;
paying Shs41billion and Japan through the
Japan International Cooperation Agency

bridge over River Nile
committing (JICA) $112million (Shs420bil-
lion).
UNRA awarded the contract in 2013 to a
joint venture between Zenitaka Corporation

U
and Hyundai Engineering and Construction
ganda has a new bridge, after a nese Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Company who completed work after four
14-year wait. The new bridge, Masahisa Sato led the commissioning cer- years.
officially called the Source of the emony of the bridge at a function attended
Nile Bridge, is expected to relieve by huge crowds of people excited to be wit- History
the old Owen Falls Bridge in the same area, nessing an historic occasion. Many of them In 2004, the government entered discus-
which was commissioned in 1954 and is dashed across the bridge to immerse them- sions with the World Bank for the funding
well past its lifespan of 50 years and in vari- selves in the new attraction of their town of the Nile Bridge project. The following
ous states of disrepair. The old bridge will as soon as Museveni’s motorcade drove off year, the World Bank undertook a pre-
now be used for light traffic and motor- after the commissioning. investment study for the project construc-
cycles. Museveni explained that the bridge is tion. A similar study was done by Interna-
The 525metre cable stayed bridge hangs part of efforts to improve road and rail tional Development Institute in 2006.
on two inverted Y-shaped 69metre pylon transport to ease doing business and is In 2008, JICA carried out a feasibility
towers with fan shaped cables that are expected to bring economic transformation study for the construction of the bridge
tucked into the concrete of the bridge. With dividends. The bridge lies along the North- and for the next four years, carried out a
a deck width of 22metres, it is a four lane, ern Corridor Route which runs from the detailed design for the construction paving
dual carriage way with 2 metre walkways Kenya Port of Mombasa, through Uganda way for the work to begin. The contrac-
for pedestrians on either side. to Rwanda, DR Congo and South Sudan. tor was procured in 2013 and work com-
President Yoweri Museveni and the Japa- Construction of the bridge was jointly menced in April 2014.

16 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
RWANDA

Kagame shuffles cabinet
Urges new team to transform Rwanda and citizens
By Agencies and Independent Team Cooperation.

R
 Ms Soraya Hakizumuremyi - Minister
wandan President Paul Kagame of Trade and Industry
on Oct.19 swore in six new minis-  Paula Ingabire - ICT and Innovation
ters appointed in a major cabinet  Esperance Nyirasafali – Minister of
reshuffle. Sports and Culture
The new ministers are Minister of  Germaine Kamayirese - Minister in
Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs and charge of Emergency Management
International Cooperation, Minister of  Judith Uwizeye - Minister in the Office
Trade and Industry, Minister of Local Gov- of the President
ernment, Minister of ICT and Innovation,  Marie Solange Kayisire - Minister in the
and Minister of Gender and Family Promo- Office of the Prime Minister in charge of
tion. Cabinet Affairs
Women now hold about 50% of cabinet  Dr Uzziel Ndagijimana – Minister of
portfolios after they were named to the Finance and Economic Planning
positions of Minister of Trade and Industry emulate the example set by Rwanda and  Claver Gatete – Minister of Infrastruc-
and Minister of ICT and Innovation. The Ethiopia to gender equality and women’s ture
cabinet, meanwhile, has been downsized empowerment.  Vincent Biruta – Minister of Environ-
from 31 to 26 members. Among the significant changes Kagame ment
Kagame urged the cabinet at the swear- made were in the command structure of his  Geraldine Mukeshimana - Minister of
ing-in ceremony to commit to transforming military and police force, removing Gen. Agriculture and Animal Resources
Rwanda and lives of its citizens. James Kabarebe from the powerful posi-  Eugene Mutimura – Minister of Educa-
Other senior officials sworn in at the tion of Defence Minister. He also dropped tion
ceremony were new Inspector General of the long-serving police chief Emmanuel  Rosemary Mbabazi – Minister of Youth
Police and a deputy. Gasana. Former Deputy IGP in charge of  Johnston Busingye – Minister of Justice
The reshuffle came a week after then Operations, Dan Munyuza, takes over from and Attorney General
foreign minister Louise Mushikiwabo Gasana who will serve as Governor of the  Rwanyindo Kayirangwa – Minister of
was elected as Secretary General of the Southern Province. Public Service and Labour
International Organisation of La Fran- Kabarebe has been replaced by Maj Gen.  Diane Gashumba – Minister of Health
cophonie, which represents about one third Albert Murasira, a former Chief Executive  Alvera Mukabaramba – Minister of
of the United Nations’ member states and Officer of Zigama Credit and Savings Soci- State in charge of Social Affairs
accounts for a population of about 900 mil- ety (CSS), a microfinance institution of the  Claudine Uwera – Minister of State in
lion people, including 274 million French army. Murasira was earlier this year pro- charge of Economic Planning
speakers. moted from the rank of Brigadier to Major  Evode Uwizeyimana – Minister of
In a related development, the African General. State in charge of Constitutional and
Union has hailed Rwanda’s new gender- Kabarebe was appointed Senior Defense Legal Affairs
parity cabinet and Security Advisor in the Office of the  Dr Isaac Munyakazi – Minister of
The AU chairperson, Moussa Faki Maha- President, replacing Lt Col. Andrew Nyam- State in charge of Primary and Second-
mat, on Oct.20 congratulated President vumba who was recently appointed mili- ary Education
Kagame for appointing a gender-parity tary intelligence chief.  Dr Patrick Ndimubanzi – Minister of
government. Kagame also replaced external security State in charge of Primary Healthcare
Rwanda is the global leader in women’s boss, Brig Gen. Francis Mutiganda with Col  Jean de Dieu Uwihanganye, Minister
representation in parliament and ranks as (Rtd) Aniclet Kalibata. of State in charge of Transport
the 4th country on the global gender equal- Juvenal Marizamunda will serve as Dep-  Bwana Olivier Nduhungirehe – Min-
ity scale, Faki noted in a statement. uty Inspector General of Police in charge of ister of State in charge of the East Afri-
“The appointment of a gender-parity Administration and Personnel. can Community
government, once again, demonstrates Regis Gatarayiha, who once served as the
Rwanda’s deep and consistent commit- Permanent Secretary Ministry of ICT and Other appointments
ment to women’s empowerment, including also Director General of Rwanda Utilities  Former Infrastructure Minister James
through appropriate representation and Regulatory Authority, has been appointed Musoni - Rwandan ambassador to Zim-
effective participation in political decision- Director General of Immigration and Emi- babwe.
making,” he said. gration.  Nelly Mukazayire - Rwanda Conven-
Earlier, Faki commended Ethiopian tion Bureau CEO
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for appointing The new cabinet  Jean Claude Musabyimana - Permanent
a cabinet marked by gender parity.  Eduardo Ngirente - Prime Minister Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture
The Ethiopian Parliament recently  Prof. Shyaka Anastase - Minister of and Animal Resources
approved the appointment of 20 ministers, Local Government.  Claudette Irere - Permanent Secretary in
with women also making up half of the  Former East Africa Community Secre- the Ministry of ICT and Innovation
cabinet. tary General Richard Sezibera - Minister  Col (Rtd) Aniclet Kalibata - Director
Faki encouraged other member states to of Foreign Affairs and International General of External Security

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 17
PICTORIAL

MTN Uganda starts 20th
anniversary celebrations with Expo
By Ian Katusiime Over the last 20 years, MTN has historical journey of the telecom for

M
connected millions of Ugandans the last 20 years showing some of the
TN Uganda has started its and the Expo was a reward to its things that have been achieved.
six month long campaign subscribers. Frank Tumwebaze, the Wim Vanhelleputte, CEO MTN
to celebrate its 20 th ICT Minister officially opened the Uganda said telecoms of the future are
anniversary with an Expo expo and highlighted the role MTN going to enable the transformation of
that thrilled revellers with artiste Uganda had played over the time. several sectors in the economy beyond
performances, a circus, robotics, In October 1998, MTN Uganda was just providing voice calls.
fireworks display and a special launched in Uganda when a mobile “If we give an example of the
production from renowned Uganda phone call connecting President connected cow; farmers will in the
playwright Alex Mukulu. Lillian Museveni in Uganda and his South future be able to monitor the health
Mbabazi, Jose Chameleone, comedian African counterpart Nelson Mandela of their livestock using just a mobile
Salvador Idringi were some of the was successful. Since then through phone. This would mean that the
entertainers who graced the Expo at consistently enabling connections, telecom is enabling the modernisation
Kololo Independence Grounds from MTN Uganda has over 11 million of agriculture,” Vanhelleputte added.
Oct. 19-22. customers. The expo will highlight the

18 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 19
INTERVIEW

Kenya’s plan to privatise prisons
Why it’s risky and needs careful planning
Kenya is taking steps towards privatising its prisons. Gráinne Perkins asked expert Rob Allen, an independent
researcher and cofounder of Justice and Prisons, about the benefits and risks of prison privatisation.

Why do countries involve the private sec- tougher penalties. Most of the evidence for

H
tor in prisons? this comes from the U.S.
istorically, prisons were facilities There are more widespread concerns too
that generally fall under the au- that privatisation opens up possibilities for
thority of national governments. corruption among politicians, officials, and
But this has changed over the even judges.
last few decades, with private companies Private companies could also take advan-
increasingly being brought in to run them. tage of the situation. In the UK, for example,
Governments have chosen to involve pri- two firms providing electronic tags on
vate companies in a variety of ways, for released prisoners were found to have been
various reasons. billing the government for tracking the
In high and middle-income countries movement of offenders who had moved
some governments have contracted out abroad, returned to prison or even died.
–- in whole or in part –- the construction What key steps should Kenya be taking to
and running of prison establishments. Gov- ensure it is done well?
ernments – like the U.S, UK, Australia and The Nelson Mandela Rules –- the United
Brazil – have taken this route. The rationale Nation’s standard minimum rules for the
has been that it will increase prison capac- treatment of prisoners – express a pref-
ity, cut costs, and introduce innovation erence that institutional industries and
through better management and new tech- agriculture businesses should be operated
nology. But these aims have seldom, if ever, directly by the prison administration and
been achieved in full. This is partly because not by private contractors. This is because of
pressures to cut costs and boost profits can concerns that the prisoner’s vocational train-
mean there are insufficient staff to run safe ing may be subordinated to the purpose of
and successful prisons. on prisons in the UK. making a financial profit from an industry
A much larger group of countries, like There are also countless examples of in the prison.
France, outsource specific functions such as small-scale businesses being involved in But the UN also says that: “With the right
the provision of food for prisoners and the prisons in other African countries. safeguards, private companies can play a
maintenance and repair of buildings. Ser- Ethiopia’s Mekelle prison created more major role in providing employment oppor-
vices that are specialised, such as education, than 30 active cooperatives that provided tunities inside and outside prison, as well as
health care and rehabilitation, have also work for prisoners before and after release. upon release”.
been outsourced. Across Europe, the trend Ghana is planning a public private part- Steps need to be taken to ensure prisoners
has been towards the outsourcing of health nership programme that would see inmates are not exploited. Compelling prisoners to
care to private contractors. involved in large scale production of maize work for the private sector is prohibited by
The private sector is also increasingly and oil palm as well as livestock; especially the Forced Labour Convention and wages
involved in providing employment oppor- poultry and piggery using prisoners. and conditions should be close to normal
tunities for prisoners while they are in jail. What has the impact of privatisation been? labour. While it is legitimate for prisons to
This can be in factories, farms or other pro- Experience of wholesale privatisa- retain a proportion of income generated
ductive activities. Such activities are com- tion of prisons across the world has been from work conducted by prisoners, the sys-
monplace in Asian prisons. mixed. And there’s no clear-cut evidence tem needs to be transparent and account-
It’s this limited type of privatisation that’s that it provides better value for money or able. Measures must be taken to minimise
currently planned in Kenya. More compre- improves standards. corrupt practice.
hensive private sector involvement has been Birmingham Prison in England, run by Because prison privatisation is a risky
proposed, but despite considerable support, the private security company G4S, was path to take, Kenya should carefully con-
it has so far not been pursued. recently taken back into public control sider all options. There may be a case for
How widespread is prison privatisation in following a disastrous inspection report new prisons to be built. Nevertheless, a very
Africa? highlighting shocking levels of violence and careful cost benefit analysis should be car-
The only privatised prisons are in South drugs. The same company lost control of a ried out first. For instance, a better bet may
Africa where it’s limited to two prisons, South African prison in 2013 following con- be to find ways to reduce the use of pre-trial
with a capacity of 3,000 inmates. In 2002, cerns over deteriorating safety and security. detention – almost half of Kenya’s 54,000
two private companies were each awarded But the company has also had plenty of prisoners are in custody pending trial -–
25 year concessions to design, build, successes. A G4S prison in Liverpool has and make more use of community service
finance, and operate each prison. generally received positive reports. orders, instead of short prison sentences.
The conditions in the prisons today are Nevertheless, there are some general
generally viewed as being better than public concerns over prison privatisation. One is Gráinne Perkins is a PhD, Centre of Criminol-
prisons. Specifications, like accommodation that turning prisons into a market oppor- ogy, University of Cape Town
and activities, in the contracts were based tunity means that companies will lobby for

20 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
crossfire

The university is not a factory
Thousands of students are pumped out of universities with
degrees so that bureaucrats can tick off their performance targets
By Seán Mfundza Muller gets” will be met. Those who play this game best then get

I
Pressure is also exerted on the teaching promoted and pass on their venal medioc-
f you believe the glossy adverts, puff side. If academics do not pass “enough” rity to new generations of graduates and
pieces and award ceremonies, you students to meet money-driven targets, academics.
might think that many South African regardless of the reasons, they are likely to What about university administrators?
universities are becoming increasingly be hauled into an uncomfortable meeting In many cases, the humble administrators
impressive by doing ground-breaking re- with some layer of management. They will who understand that their role is to serve
search, climbing the international rankings be put under pressure to increase marks or academics, students and society at large are
and producing high-quality graduates. create additional opportunities for students a rarity; more common are the administra-
Unfortunately, the reality is rather differ- to get their degrees. tors hoarding resources and power, or the
ent and the institutions’ burnishing of their Sometimes this is framed as being about narcissists, who see themselves as visionar-
own public image is a symptom of toxic the students’ wellbeing but that is almost ies leading a flock.
dynamics that may compromise our higher always a lie. A recent, shocking develop- It is inevitable that these characteristics
education system for decades to come. ment in one institution is the introduction of become increasingly prevalent in a system
Although the crisis has historical roots, student throughput rates in academics’ per- that rewards those who treat the university
at the heart of the current rotten core is the formance contracts, attempting to use for- like a factory, seeking to produce output to
financial incentive system administered by mal punitive measures to force academics to maximise profit, where academics are seen
the department of higher education and pass students, regardless of their calibre and as subservient production-line workers.
training. By awarding funding based on performance. It is an environment in which academics
student throughput and the production of With these approaches, the university themselves say “we cannot fight the uni-
research, the incentive system has injected becomes a factory, whose managers try to versity”, seemingly unaware that, not only
a monetary stimulant into an already churn out as many products as possible at because of the nature of the university but
unhealthy system, fuelling problematic as low a quality as they can get away with. also because of policy and the law, they are
dynamics and creating a swath of new In a country with a more capable cadre the university.
problems. of academics, this would already have led The autocratic culture in which, for
Whether they admit it or not, besides to substantial resistance, if not an outright example, senior management summarily
burnishing the images of their institutions revolt. But the South African system is not, decides that a 10% increase in “output” is
(or, in a few cases, their own), university and never has been, high quality. It is often required and sends this to academics as dik-
administrators — vice-chancellors, deputy forgotten that apartheid and colonialism tat is most easily implemented at formerly
vice-chancellors, deans and heads of depart- bred a deep intellectual mediocrity. Very Afrikaans-speaking universities. Obedience
ments — are preoccupied with maximising little has been done to prevent that medioc- and subservience were, after all, among the
revenue, first and foremost, from the state rity reproducing itself in the post-apartheid most important characteristics of apartheid.
but also from anywhere else they can get it. era. And, indeed, in some instances when aca-
The pressure to do this is typically passed And the introduction of crude incentives demics raise concerns about the violation
straight down to individual academics. coupled with mediocrity means that effort of academic freedom, the reaction suggests
The primary pressure is on research is directed at the most pathetic activities — that many individuals in the system are
because the department allocates a financial producing articles for the lowest-quality unaware that a Constitution was promul-
incentive for every “accredited” publication. “accredited” academic journals and lower- gated in 1996.
It has reached a point where some facul- ing standards in order to push through It is also striking that some new genera-
ties send out weekly “research updates”, students at the rate demanded by adminis- tions of university managers from previ-
which attempt to quantify whether “tar- trators. ously disadvantaged groups have quickly

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 21
crossfire

A university could be a ‘factory’
Good universities transform brains to output different
wiring networks demanded by industry/society
Some of the up to 100 000 000 000 brain in cell in 'an aver
By Kant Ateenyi Kanyarusoke in South Africa and in several other African

I
countries is that people directly responsible
write in response to Dr. Seán Mfundza for each of these pillars are apportioning
Muller’s comments on the situation blame to others, when graduate quality is
at many South African Universities in being queried by the universities’ customers
regard to financial incentives and pres- – industry. In the worst of cases, industry
sures to increase graduate throughputs and itself has been blamed for demanding ‘mira-
research outputs. (See article on previous cles’. No one seems to want to self-examine,
pages titled `The university is not a fac- unless forced with a threat of punitive
tory’ from South Africa’s Mail & Guardian measures. Let us now see how these pillars
(also at: https://mg.co.za/article/2018- are affected by the policy and how student
10-12-00-the-university-is-not-a-factory) . learning gets degraded, as a result.
The overall thesis in Muller’s comment Student factors – Whether we want to
is on the need for academics to resist being admit it or not, this is the most critical pil- things the learner interacts with or gets to
forced to compromise quality of outputs lar. Here, I do not mean the physical body, know about. The teaching role of a univer-
whether in form of predetermined student which, then can be quantified as a plus sity in this case, is to take on a person whose
pass rates or of quantity of research publica- one number – as university administrators wiring has previously been facilitated in
tions. This is perfectly acceptable, but it does and political leaders driving this erroneous specific ways by lower and high school edu-
not show the whole picture. ‘project’ are trying to imply. No, it is the cation, and help him/her reconfigure that
In this article, I will focus on student electrical and chemical wiring connections, wiring to be able to satisfy demands of soci-
learning. This is influenced by many sto- primarily between brain cells of an indi- ety and industry. The ability to change the
chastic factors, but which we could prob- vidual learner, as in the attached figure, that wiring is entirely within the learner’s head
ably assemble into three major pillars: are important. With present knowledge, we (the reason, one could actually do it even
Student or Learner based, Institutional or cannot easily quantify this – which is the without going to campus). For example, a
learning environment based, and Lecturer/ reason, one ‘well wired’ individual could be student whose previous and current diet
Instructor based. preferred to many other ‘less gifted’ people and/or lifestyle limits the quantity of certain
For effective learning to occur, and hence, by the customer – industry, in this case. The neurotransmitter chemicals or oversupplies
for an individual student to sort of ‘pass’ fortunate thing though, is that the wiring other types between some brain cells will
(whatever that may mean – and there can be network is never permanent. It can be joint- never be able to learn as well as one with
question marks on it), each of these pillars ly influenced by the student him/herself, the an appropriate supply and interconnection
must be of sufficient strength. The problem lecturer/instructor and all other people, and potential. The university can only provide

accommodated themselves with apartheid- of higher education for poor black students. expected returns?
style bureaucracies; they have discovered “We cannot fail poor black students,” they A reader not familiar with our universi-
that being on the receiving end of “ja baas, argue, “because it will hurt their economic ties might wonder how this rot has been
nee baas” is much easier than the messiness prospects and families.” allowed to continue without greater expo-
of substantive consultation and dealing Ironically, in some institutions this has sure. But it should not be a surprise that in
with critical intellectual engagement. led to an otherwise perplexing alliance an anti-intellectual, unprincipled environ-
Although the demographic of students between educationists and corporatisers: ment, only a handful of academics have
and staff at many institutions has changed Well-meaning educationists complain the courage — or in administrators’ eyes,
dramatically for the better, problematic about academics having a “deficit model” the temerity — to speak out about these
institutional cultures have morphed into of students and the corporatisers use this dynamics.
new forms. This is why critics who rely to browbeat staff into passing students — Perhaps the most publicly outspoken has
heavily on race or gender as a basis for some of whom should probably never have been Professor Nomalanga Mkhize, now at
criticising some of our institutions tend to been admitted in the first place — just to get Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
find themselves flailing aimlessly, absurdly, revenue. and previously at Rhodes University. A
unable to pin down the problem. Race and So each year tens of thousands of stu- small number of others have written aca-
gender remain important but are now sub- dents are pumped out of universities with demic papers and the occasional opinion
merged in much more complex institutional degrees so that bureaucrats can tick off their piece on the distorting effect of publication
dynamics. performance targets and claim revenue incentives, the scale of publication in preda-
Adding to the complexity is that, when from the state. tory journals, the “corporatisation” of the
some inexcusable behaviours are exposed, Who will those students blame when university and so forth.
they are quickly repackaged. Administra- the dreams they were sold collapse around The department of higher education
tors who are challenged about their insis- them? Who will the country blame when clearly needs to be placed under pressure
tence on an 85% pass rate to maximise rev- the additional tens of billions being pumped to address the broader harm caused by
enue will suddenly discover the importance into “free higher education” do not yield the the government’s incentive system, which

22 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
crossfire
a conducive environment, competent staff they would have had either to look more The university simply becomes a glorified
and appropriate facilities to catalyse or closely at suitable processes to match the secondary school. A third crime is simply
quicken the process. Therefore, to the extent varied wirings they receive as raw materi- that students and teachers lose their human-
that universities do not enter people’s heads als, or to introduce new products (meaning ity. The student becomes a number which
to manipulate the wiring as would happen different exit qualifications for those who must be robotically manipulated to enable
with physical working of raw materials in a fail to get the originally intended degrees or the other (teacher-robot) to keep its job. This
factory, Dr Muller is partly right to say they diplomas). is absurd and very sad.
are not factories. However, this is being over Institutional Environment factors – The Lecturer/Instructor – At university
simplistic, and it clouds out possible solu- Here, we mean, all factors to do with uni- level, as opposed to primary and second-
versity management and administration ary/high school level, important as the
rage' student's head systems, teaching and learning facilities, teacher may be, s/he is the least influential
information systems, recreation, public of the three pillars. Yes, by planning and
image, etc. But in this submission, I will superintending curriculum activities, s/
only focus on how management’s preoccu- he is useful – but the above two factors
pation with throughputs negatively affects far outweigh her/his effect. In fact, the
student learning. There are at least three second factor, to the extent that it defines
teaching and learning ‘crimes’ commit- the operational environment and extrinsic
ted by this obsession. One, a standardised motivational factors of the lecturer, it neces-
minimum pass rate for all subjects, all sarily subordinates him/her. That is why
student cohorts and in all conditions, levels many lecturers and professors are yielding
out assessment to needs of the least likely to these nonsensical directives without a
students to ‘pass’. And because assess- word. Yet even then, there are ways to make
ment drives learning, the full potential of positive changes. An intrinsically motivated
those with higher chances of performing lecturer or professor could for example,
better is compromised. On a national scale, seek to engage students in outside work
tions as I explain below. this is the worst academic sin because, a not necessarily directly influenced by the
The fact that universities receive brains society which restrains its best peoples’ administrators, as a way of transforming
wired in specific ways, and then facilitate performances by design, can never hope to their brain electro-chemical networks. But
transformation to output different wiring develop competitive advantages relative to this assumes such lecturers do have the nec-
networks demanded by industry/society, it other equally endowed ones. Two - Trans- essary practical skills and part time work
can be a useful idea to regard them as brain formative teaching and learning, which is opportunities outside, to enable this. The
transforming factories. This is because, an essential characteristic of a university, is tragedy is that this is rarely the case, and so,
good factories necessarily work to improve thrown out of the window. This is because, both student and professor suffer the medi-
quantity, quality and customer service at one of its essential elements is: assignment ocrity imposed ‘from above’.
a price the customer can afford. They do of relatively difficult but doable tasks to So much, for my thoughts on Teaching
so, by selecting and using ‘appropriate promote ‘Productive struggle’ that leads and Learning. In a subsequent contribu-
processes’ for incoming quality-checked to permanent engraining of the learnt stuff tion, I will address Dr. Muller’s concerns on
‘raw materials’, and thereafter, passing out in one’s brain. Deep learning is therefore Research.
quality-assured products to the market for sacrificed, being replaced by a continuation
a price. By their present conduct, the uni- of surface learning, facilitated by transmis- Dr. Eng. Kanyarusoke is an Engineering
versities seem to be oblivious of the strategi- sion teaching, scoping and spoon feeding Pracademic with postgraduate qualifications in
cally more important functions of quality as I explain elsewhere, in a book chapter Higher Education and Training.
assurance and customer care. Otherwise, on Transformative teaching of engineering.

induces rent-seeking behaviour by institu- unethical academics occupying senior posts istrative decisions are taken.
tions and their managers, and thereby dis- in our universities. Many “decisions” in academic forums
torts the behaviour of individual academics. On the contrary, some academics have are therefore rubber-stamped by docile or
To date, the department has merely had the audacity to argue that the revoca- sycophantic academics, or steamrollered
fiddled with the system, failing to address tion of the accreditation of journals discov- through in the face of any principled oppo-
its main failings. Furthermore, there are ered to be predatory could prejudice them sition.
currently few consequences for academics and be illegal. But, if something is not done The notion of “collective accountability”
and administrators who play the system. soon about this state of affairs, the damage has become a bad joke in South Africa since
For instance, there are many academics who done could be irreversible for generations it was abused by former president Jacob
obtained appointments and promotions, to come, the best-case scenario being one Zuma and his cronies to shift blame for
even up to the rank of full professor, based in which South African universities remain state capture on to others in the ANC and
on publications in predatory and grossly stagnant intellectual backwaters. broader society.
low-quality journals. The problem is not only the lack of public Yet, the principles and institutions of aca-
A recent study by Andrew Kerr and resistance but also a widespread failure to demia are built on collective responsibility.
Phillip de Jager of South African academic confront these poisonous cultures within Changing institutional cultures, therefore, is
economics publications found that senior the key forums of the universities them- something that principled, competent aca-
academics have, on average, more publica- selves. Notably, competent senior academ- demics must take on themselves.
tions in predatory journals than junior ones. ics often opt out of university bureaucracies
Publishing in such journals is usually a sign or simply limit their engagement to advanc- Seán Mfundza Muller is a senior l­ecturer in
of a lack of ethics or gross incompetence. ing their own direct interests. Provided they economics and a research associate at the Public
But I am unaware of a single case in which have a comfortable, well-resourced space and Environmental Economics Research Centre,
a promotion or appointment has been within which to operate, these individuals University of Johannesburg
revoked, meaning that there are dozens, simply avoid the tedious departmental and
possibly hundreds, of incompetent and faculty board meetings at which key admin-

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 23
comment
By Francis Mujjuni
Your electricity bill
How four government departments push
up the rate you are paying for electricity

T
he rationale employed by our It is reckoned from ERA’s generation this is composed of Shs506 for every
hunting ancestors has severally tariff report that the average tariff rate consumed unit as seen in Table 1, and
bewildered many today. In accorded to electricity generation plants the applicable tax rate of 18%.
droves, our ancestors would is about Shs338 per kWh which is higher Aside from Umeme’s distribution and
hunt down a single tiny rodent with the than the derived purchase cost from the supply mandate, it does also collect
hope that at capture, they would share it generators. This is disparity is due the the revenue due to the offered service
satisfactorily. low tariff rate of Shs54/kWh applied to of electricity and successively remits a
From the onset, it was clear that the plants operated by Eskom Uganda portion to UETCL which similarly does
regardless of what proficiency of which contributed 42% to the electricity the same to the generators.
butchery skills the best among the mix of plants connected to the grid in The derived weighted tariff is nearly
hunters possessed, there was only but a contrast to say, Bujagali, which at 47% Shs200 shillings less than what an
limited substantive number of pieces the contribution burdened the taxpayer ordinary domestic consumer paid and
divided catch could yield. with a mammoth cost of Shs360 per this disparity results from the fact that
To apply the metaphor to the situation unit. nearly half of the energy on the grid was
today, especially in the electricity sector, UETCL, which is responsible for consumed by large industrial users who
the government departments could buying power from the generators and are charged a lower tariff than the other
be appropriately referred to as the selling it to the distributors, recorded categories of consumers.
hunters, hunting down the consumers purchases of 3,867 million units in 2017. Umeme also reported that in 2017, the
of services. The purchased electricity is somewhat cost of purchase of 3,334 million units
The hunter’s trophy, too, has since more than that which was locally of electricity from UETCL was Shs1007
changed from the coveted meaty generated with the deficit having been billion. This then implies that Umeme
capture to something as benign as your filled by supplies from neighbouring expensed about Shs302 per unit to
electricity bills. countries. UETCL which in turn paid Shs260 per
In the case of electricity, the About 90% of all the energy purchased unit to the producer. This in implies
government has metamorphosed into by UETCL was then sold to Umeme that the cost of transmission of a unit of
a single hunting entity that seeks big which subsequently supplied about electricity was about Shs42 per unit.
enough ‘game’ to share amongst its 2,760 million units to the end users. Using the derived weighted tariff,
numerous quasi-hunters departments. Umeme’s clientele base, as seen in cost of electricity generation and
An unlike in the past, the government Table 1, has been segmented within the transmission as well as the known direct
departments do not seek to eat small large industries which consume about contribution to the government which is
bits. half of the supplied energy and closely through the Value Added Tax, it is then
So the charge due to a unit of followed by the domestic consumers possible to quantify the share of tariff
electricity consumed, the tariff, is at 22%. The commercial, medium due to distribution and supply which, in
mainly apportioned to four entities; industrial and street light end users the case of 2017, was Shs204 per unit as
the power generators, the transmission share out 28% of the supply. seen in Table 2.
company, distribution entities, and It can be observed from Table 2 that
Uganda Revenue Authority. Table 1 Showing Umeme Customer the lion’s share of the electricity tariff
In the following analysis, we will track Segments, Energy Sales and (44%) goes out to the generation plant
the energy that was sold to the end owners and concessionaires followed by
user by Uganda’s biggest distributor, Weighted Tariff in 2017 Umeme at 34%. This analysis reaffirms
Umeme Uganda Limited, in 2017 and Average Tariff Electricity Sales Weighted Tariff
deduce how the tariff was plausibly Customer Category (Ushs/kWh) (GWh) (Ushs/kWh)
shared amongst the key entities within
Domestic 689 625.6 156
electricity supply chain.
The Electricity Regulatory Authority Commercial 622 341.3 77
(ERA) and the Uganda Electricity Medium Industrial 571 432.3 89
Transmission Company Limited Large Industrial 371 1,359.2 183
(UETCL) reported that 3,856 Million
kWh (units) of electricity were sold Street Lights 673 1.6 0.4
by the 21 generation plants that were Total 2760 506
connected to the grid at a cost of
about Shs1 trillion. This implies that The average end-user within the the public narrative asserting that
the average purchase cost of a unit Umeme customers segment was levied Umeme enjoys the bulk of the tariff
of electricity from the generators was a weighted tariff of Shs597 for every given the fact that 21 generators shared
Shs260. unit for power consumed in 2017; out 44% in contrast of 34% by one

24 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
comment
Table 2 Showing Share Distribution By Lucy Hovil
of the Tariff in 2017 Cost Segments
Weighted Tariff Share Uganda’s refugee policy
Cost
Weighted Tariff
Share Share Why we need an honest discussion
Segments (Ushs/ kWh) (%)

U
Generation 260 44%
ganda has been hailed internation- cratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan,
Transmission 42 7% ally for its generosity towards refugees are left in limbo.
Distribution & refugees. Since 2013, the country Finally, the international focus of policy
Supply 204 34% has welcomed close to a million conversations risks leaving the voices of
refugees from South Sudan. host communities, local authorities and ref-
Taxes 91 15%
Meanwhile in the global north, Europe’s ugees themselves unheard. Many Ugandans
Total 597 100% response to the arrival of over one million and refugees have neither the economic
asylum seekers has been to baton down resources nor political leverage to influence
distributing entity. their hatches even tighter, and the U.S. has the policies meant to benefit them. There is
The high distribution and supply slashed the number of refugees resettled to a risk that efforts will be focussed on proce-
costs can be curtailed by revising the historic lows. In this context, the Ugandan dural changes at high levels of government,
distribution concession process to government has grasped an opportunity to with little qualitative change on the ground.
avoid a near-monopoly that is being present itself as a global leader in refugee To mitigate these risks and help sustain
enjoyed by Umeme. Unfortunately, the response and a reliable partner of the inter- the best aspects of Uganda’s refugee poli-
outcomes from such revision are likely national community. Although Uganda’s cies, the report urges us to face a few hard
to be applied when Umeme’s current policy has been laudable in many ways, its realities. The international community
concession comes to expiration in 2025. presentation as an unqualified success story needs to deliver on its promises of signifi-
Also a light has been cast on the obscures the complex political realities that cant financial support; otherwise, promised
damning fact of the hefty cost of have created Uganda’s current policy and political and economic benefits are unlikely
generation of our electricity which, at which have, at times, blocked the transla- to materialise and could make the whole
nearly USc 7/kWh, albeit heavily reliant tion of progressive commitments on paper system collapse like a house of cards. Given
on ‘cheap’ hydropower, is competing into realities on the ground. A new report the protracted nature of the conflicts creat-
with the most expensive forms of published by International Refugee Rights ing Uganda’s refugees, repatriation cannot
generation like onshore wind, bioenergy Initiative explores these realities in histori- remain the only serious option. Uganda
and geothermal which globally are cal context with a view to promoting robust must take local integration seriously and
routinely being commissioned at about 5 debate and focusing policy makers on what international partners must walk the walk of
U.S. cents per kWh. is needed to allow the Ugandan model “responsibility sharing” by both aiding inte-
It is evident that the cost of generation reach its full potential. gration robustly and increasing the number
It is clear that Uganda’s positive model of resettlement places offered. Local com-
of electricity in Uganda is a big prime
has, to a certain extent, been driven by munities, most of whom are in historically
mover of the tariff rate and this is
political expediency in its interaction with marginalised regions of Uganda, must be
essentially driven by the preposterously
the international community. While this is consulted in a more meaningful and sys-
high tariff due to Bujagali Energy
not necessarily bad, there are immediate tematic way. This requires a more nuanced
Limited coupled up with the directive
and longer-term risks related to Uganda’s understanding of who “host communities”
to dispatch it first and as such, approach. First, there is a danger that the are and who represents them. Presuming an
guaranteeing that an ‘expensive’ plant promotion of progressive refugee policies innate social notion of “hospitality” without
is wheeled first on the grid contrary to may be confined to a rhetorical exercise. creating the conditions for genuine buy-in is
international best practices. This is doubly problematic: not only does likely to lead to serious tensions. Converse-
In the past, Uganda generally offered it promote policies that fail to deliver, but ly, the presence of refugees in these regions,
high tariff rates to generation plants and also creates a smoke-screen that squeezes along with the international spotlight, pres-
although this strategy was geared to out meaningful discussion about alterna- ents an opportunity to both catalyse eco-
stimulate private capital investment by tives. The gap between rhetoric and reality nomic development, and increase engage-
independent power producers, it also remains considerable. Despite the rhetoric ment of marginalised communities.
led to higher energy costs borne by the about alternatives to camps, refugees lack Finally, while financial aid is important,
end-users. The domestic consumer in full freedom of movement and live in what it cannot replace rigorous policy making.
Uganda pays nearly the same as that in are essentially camps merely rebranded as The myth of the “local settlement” needs to
France, Sweden and the USA; affirming local settlements. Humanitarian aid is still be debunked and recognised for what it is:
the fact that although the hunter and the directed almost exclusively to these settle- the isolation of refugees and the utilisation
trophy have both changed, the hunter’s ments, but their rebranding has impeded of humanitarian assistance to keep them
hope, that the meat from the tiny rodent discussion of alternatives. Refugees who dependent on aid. In the long term, refugees
shall suffice to quench the hunger of move to cities in Uganda continue to be can be more efficiently assisted to self-settle
many, is still unchanged. largely excluded from support other than and achieve economic independence.
uncertain access to legal status. Second, local While Uganda’s approach has rightly
Francis Mujjuni is a Renewable Energy integration, including access to citizenship – been applauded, there is need for braver
Specialist and an Assistant Lecturer from one of the U.N.’s three “durable solutions” and more robust discussion of the challeng-
Makerere University in the Department of to displacement – has been virtually aban- es if this is truly to become a viable global
Mechanical Engineering. Contact: Francis. doned. With opportunities for third country model.
mujjuni@gmail.com resettlement limited, this has increasingly
left voluntary repatriation the only solu- Lucy Hovil is a Senior Researcher with
tion seriously considered. Where on-going International Refugee Rights Initiative
conflict makes that unlikely, as in the Demo- lucy.hovil@refugee-rights.org

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 25
comment
By Daoud Kuttab
The martyrdom of Khashoggi
Discrediting, constraining, or otherwise silencing
independent journalists is a key tool of repression

T
he London-based daily Al-Araby Al- attacks independent journalists, labeling year detention in Egypt.
Jadeed recently published a cartoon, them traitors, paid agents, and purveyors of Nor has the Trump administration
by the Jordanian artist Emad Hajjaj, “fake news.” commented on the fact that, in March
depicting a faceless man wearing a Trump may simply be trying to 2017, the United Arab Emirates sentenced
red and white keffiyeh and sweeping his appease his right-wing base and avoid the Jordanian journalist Tayseer al-Najjar
brown thawb in such a way that it looks accountability for his innumerable mistakes to three years imprisonment and a fine
almost like he is performing a magic trick. and misdeeds. But his attacks on the U.S. of 500,000 UAE dirhams (approximately
Whipped up by his movement, papers float press, together with his silence on attacks $136,000) over a Facebook post. Even
around him. At the bottom of the frame, occurring elsewhere, have gone a long way countries that are not particularly close
the hand of another man, wearing what to embolden violators of press freedom U.S. allies – such as Myanmar, where two
appears to be a white button-down shirt, around the world. Reuters journalists have been sentenced
reaches up, apparently having let go of his It does not help that many of those press- to seven years imprisonment – do not face
pen in order to try to grab onto something, freedom violators – including Saudi Arabia pushback from the U.S.
to save himself. The caption reads, “The – are among America’s closest allies. Trump Independent journalists have one goal:
disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal has been true to America’s all-too-frequent to find the truth and share it widely.
Khashoggi.” willingness to place lucrative military When governments can repress those
The cartoon names the victim, but not contracts ahead of human rights, saying journalists with impunity, and when others
the perpetrator. True, any Arab – indeed, that he would be “very upset and angry” if compromise their supposed commitment to
virtually everyone – knows exactly who is Saudi Arabia were found to be responsible basic human rights for political or partisan
responsible for Khashoggi’s disappearance: for Khashoggi ’s death, while ruling out a goals, the truth remains hidden, with
Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of halt to big military contracts. serious consequences.
Saudi Arabia. But the fact that a well-known America’s fellow NATO member I have known Khashoggi for years, both
cartoonist had to disguise the culprit’s Turkey is the world leader in imprisoning in a professional and a personal capacity.
image speaks volumes about the fear felt journalists, yet the Trump administration He is a Saudi patriot, who is not opposed
by independent journalists in the Arab has complained only about the detention to his country’s system of rule. Yes, he has
world. Khashoggi’s disappearance has only of one (recently released) American pastor, critiqued policies, such as the inhumane
deepened their anxiety. and that was just to placate America’s war in Yemen and how Saudi rulers deal
Arab countries have a long history of “religious right” (beginning with Vice with dissent. But his arguments were
rewarding journalists who toe the official President Mike Pence). The U.S. authorities always based on facts. He is not a dissident
line, while punishing those, like Khashoggi, have said nothing about Al Jazeera or a rebel, but a monarchist who wants to
who dare to speak truth to power. Since the journalist Mahmoud Hussein’s nearly two- see his country do better than it is. And now
failed Arab Spring revolutions – of which he has paid the ultimate price for that.
Tunisia is the only success story – citizens For Arab freedom fighters, the road
across the region have found themselves ahead is long and treacherous. Building on
with a stark choice between radical the sacrifices of true heroes and genuine
Islamist regimes and military rule. Efforts
presenting democratic alternatives have Independent democrats, journalists and cartoonists
like Hajjaj will continue to speak truth
been systematically repressed.
Discrediting, constraining, or otherwise journalists to power, as they fight for basic human
rights like freedom of the press. It is truly
silencing independent journalists is a
key tool of this repression. Autocratic have one unconscionable, however, that they must go
into battle without the support of those who

goal: to find
governments create laws and regulations claim to have their backs.
to protect themselves and their cronies

the truth
from criticism or exposure by independent
media. They claim that only the journalists Daoud Kuttab was Ferris Professor of

and share it
on their payroll – who praise their rulers Journalism at Princeton University and the head
and the regime’s opponents – are legitimate; of the press freedom committee within the board

widely
all others are enemies of the state. of the International Press Institute. Follow him
Such behavior is not limited to on twitter.com/daoudkuttab.
dictatorships. Even in the United States
– long admired for its robust free press, Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
protected by the First Amendment of
the U.S. Constitution, and powerful
investigative journalism, which once
brought down a president – President
Donald Trump’s administration routinely

26 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Customer data leaks could
spell doom for local banks
BoU says it’s not responsible for
secrecy of customers’ information

P
By Isaac Khisa top bank officials in several social media Supervision at the Bank of Uganda,
platforms. Justine Bagyenda, were also leaked to
rivacy of customer data is Early this month, dfcu Managing the public.
the bedrock of the banking Director, Juma Kisaame, had his bank Though the two institutions
sector around the world but account details leaked to the public. acknowledged that indeed their
for a section of Uganda’s Kisaame has an account in Bank of officials were compromised and that
commercial banks, this Africa (BOA). internal disciplinary actions were being
code seems to be slowly Observers say the incident could undertaken to address the act, it is not
eroding— posing a big risk to the be attributed to dfcu’s controversial yet clear what happened to the culprits.
industry that for many years has been acquisition of Crane Bank in January None of the banks’ officials were
grappling with low uptake of financial last year, three months after it was willing to share the outcome of their
services. placed under statutory management investigations.
“Banks have to invest in data security. by the central bank citing under- Prof. Augustus Nuwagaba, a lecturer
They have the money and can’t go capitalisation. of economics at Makerere University
wrong,” said Prof. Waswa Balunywa, Bank of Africa said in a statement that who has in the past led some financial
the Principal of Makerere University it carried out an extensive investigation inclusion initiatives says the disclosure
Business School, “Failure to protect and established that one of its staff was of customer information is likely to
information is becoming a trend that compromised to aid access to Kisaame’s create loss of confidence in the country’s
will make customers to simply walk bank accounts by outsiders. banking industry and it could actually
away.” In March this year, two account make people shun banks which in turn
Balunywa’s caution follows recent details in Barclays and Diamond Trust could lead to negative consequences.
incidents of bank account leakages of Bank belonging to former Director for “When people avoid banks, it means

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 27
business
that others cannot borrow to invest in terms to employees and government
various activities leading to a credit agencies who leak private customer
crisis,” said Prof. Nuwagaba. He said information to third parties.
it is important for banks to maintain Once the bill becomes law, according
the principle of secrecy for banking to to Business Daily, the government
thrive as it is the international practice. proposes a five-year jail term or a
“If banks continue like that (leakage fine of up to KShs 5million or both
of customer data), then, they will run in connection to incidents of leaking
into reputation risks.” of customer information. This law,
Nuwagaba says there is need for however, exempts government agencies
punitive measures to be put in place sharing customers’ information.
for banks and employees that engage in The law, which among others targets
disclosing customers’ information to the banks and media groups, also proposes
third parties without their consent. sweeping new rights for people to know
However, Charity Mugumya, the how their data is used, and to decide
director for communications at the BoU, whether it is shared or deleted by
told The Independent that safeguarding businesses.
customers’ information is entirely the The proposed law, seen as borrowing
responsibility of commercial banks. heavily from the West where data
“Yes, we are in charge of regulating Juma Kisaame privacy concerns have seen firms sued
banks but they (banks) are in charge of by consumers including Facebook
the customers’ accounts,” she said. and Google, incurring heavy losses,
This, in essence, means that storing will also see creation of the Office of
information of any customer is at the the Data Protection Commissioner
mercy of financial institutions— a whose mandate will be to establish and
scenario which could trigger customers maintain a register of data controllers
to think of alternative saving schemes. and data processors as well as
To make the situation even worse, exercise control on all data processing
there appears to be no specific law to operations.
deal with data leaks in banks and other Though the new chairperson of the
businesses. Uganda Bankers Association, Patrick
BoU issued financial consumer Mweheire, could not be reached for a
protection guidelines in 2011 stating comment, the Association had earlier
that financial institutions should not expressed concerns over the negative
disclose customers’ information to third publicity that was arising from these
parties except in times under a court incidents.
order or consent from the customer. The Association said negative
The guidelines also state that it is publicity could undermine confidence
the duty of the financial institution in the industry and cause panic to the
to ensure that information relating to public—a development that could hurt
customers is secretly guarded. Justine Bagyenda the economy.
But it seems no provisions in the The Association said the industry has
Financial Institutions Act and other over the last couple of years witnessed
related laws are in place to enforce the overall growth with month end deposit
guidelines.
The industry balances averaging Shs20 trillion from
Shs14.7 trillion in 2015, with liquidity
Suing banks?
Richard Kimera, the team leader at
has witnessed instruments (cash or near cash) above
Shs7 trillion and bank accounts now
the Consumer Education Trust told
The Independent that though disclosing overall growth close to 11 million up from 6 million
in 2015 due to increased customer
customer’s information is unethical
and unprofessional, the trend could see with month confidence.
“The sector is witnessing good credit
banks sued for invasion of privacy and
disclosure of their bank information end deposit growth supported by non-performing
loans coming down,” the association
especially to the information that is seen
to compromise a customer’s privacy. balances said, adding that the industry is
expanding points of presence to increase
He says financial institutions should
act and operate in a professional averaging outreach via agent banking and use of
electronic channels intended to lower
manner so as to win trust from their
consumers. Shs20 trillion the cost of delivering financial services.
Going forward, UBA said that
“Banks can’t say that they protect
the money more than the information,” from Shs14.7 whereas banking and the overall
financial services sector remains stable

trillion in 2015
he says. In neighbouring Kenya, the and resilient, maintaining its stability
government through the Information, “remains a responsibility for all the
Communication and Technology stakeholders – customers, regulators
Ministry, Cabinet Secretary Joe Mucheru and financial institutions.”
has fronted the Data Protection Bill 2018
seeking to impose heavy fines and jail

28 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
business

How to bring women,
youth to formal economy
Closing the financial inclusion gap will require
government, private sector and development partners.

By Julius Businge director at Finance Trust Bank, who

H
delivered the keynote address at the
ow can women and youth meeting, said exclusion of women and
population participate in the youth should be dealt with given that
country’s formal economic these two groups are interested in using
activities? This is what formed financial services. She said inclusion
part of the discussion at a breakfast should be driven by policies that support
meeting organised by Financial Sector entrepreneurship.
Deepening Uganda (FSDU) in Kampala Nakawunde suggested that banks,
on Oct.17 in response to the 4th 2018 which only attract 11% of the adult
FinScope study, released in June this population, improve on their customer
year. The meeting attracted more than relationship agenda as one way of
100 participants. attracting and keeping women and youth
Rashmi Pillai, the director of in banking.
programmes at FSDU said while Possible answers to access to financial
Uganda has 54% adult women and services
the rest men aged 16-35, majority of Madina Goloba, a research fellow at
them are financially excluded and the Makerere University-based Economic
thus contributing less to the country’s Henry Mbaguta Policy Research Centre (EPRC), said that
economic activities. by having over 90% of the people in the
To make the situation even worse, have digital connectivity compared to informal economy means that something
nearly 40% of the financially excluded 69% of the included men. isn’t right. She said popular transaction
women do not have a source of income Protazio Sande, the FinScope’s products such as mobile money should
and thus, even if they have access to a chairperson steering committee said not be taxed to enhance financial access.
formal bank account that makes it hard there is a strong connection between She also added that lenders need
for them to actively participate in the financial inclusion and levels of to work towards reducing the cost of
sector. economic growth. borrowing in banks so as to encourage
It is on this basis that FSDU sought women and youth to take up financial
He said over 60% of the SMEs in the
to demonstrate their support for a services.
informal sector are run by women and
robust and more inclusive financial that the dynamics in this particular sector In response, Henry Mbaguta, the
sector in Uganda, with a special focus can change if the issues with regard to assistant commissioner in charge
on smallholder farmers, women, youth, security are addressed. Sande stated that of financial services at the Ministry
forcibly displaced people and micro, youth need to be organised and trained in of Finance Planning and Economic
small and medium enterprises. the area of entrepreneurship so that they Development said closing the financial
She also said the financial services are able to use financial services. inclusion gap will require hands
sector has become a fast paced sector and of government, private sector and
that digital financial services – savings, He added that digitalization is the one development partners.
ability to access credit, insurance and currently advancing the inclusion agenda He said the new legal framework that
investments – are the future. in Uganda evidenced by the recent has seen the birth of bancassurance,
The 2018 FinScope study shows that uproar over mobile money taxes. Islamic and agent banking will support
58% of the adult population (aged 16 “It is important to ensure that majority the financial inclusion drive which will
years and above) use formal financial of the people are formerly financially ultimately support greater local and
services, 22% are financially excluded included for purposes of having orderly economic activities and reduce gender
and 20% only use informal financial growth and development,” he said. inequality. He said government would
services. Annet Nakawunde, the managing use the study in formulating policies.
Similarly, 16% of men use formal savings
mechanisms higher than 10% of women.
Financial inclusion in Uganda over the years (%)
In terms of digital payment, men were Year 2006 2009 2013 2018
ranked at 62%, higher than women whose People using formal services 28 28 52 58
ranking stood at 53%. People relying on informal services 29 42 26 20
People who are excluded 43 30 22 22
Statistics also shows that only 57% Source: FSD-U
of women who are financially included

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 29
Executive Style

‘Rebranding makes us
bigger, better and stronger’
What is your general assess- cially strong and careful on
ment of Uganda’s insurance Phoenix risks we undertake.

I
sector as we speak? of Uganda
nsurance penetration is Assurance How are you dealing with
very low though there’s Company the challenges that you are
growth especially in areas Ltd recently facing as a business?
of medical and life insur- Our industry is still small
ance. We as MAU, are in gen- rebranded to owed to low awareness. Also,
eral insurance which could be Mauritius Union whenever the economy is
doing better. We feel that with Assurance bad, our clients do not priori-
more public awareness, the Company Limited tize taking up insurance. As
sector will do better. There’s a (MAU). The individual companies and
good opportunity and we feel the insurance association,
company’s MD,
that it will continue to grow. we are trying to educate the
Premiums underwritten has Latimer Kagimu public on insurance. Claims
increased from Shs296bn in Mukasa spoke to payment is now at about 95%.
2011 to Shs728bn in 2017. The The Independent’s Of course, not all reported
increase in premiums could Julius Businge claims are payable because
be as a result of infrastructure about this some fall outside the terms
projects in a certain year which and conditions of the policy.
is good for the industry. How-
development and We have engaged with gov-
ever, we need to build growth related sector ernment in regards to marine
that is not a one-off. We need issues insurance and the laws have
individuals to take up insur- been passed where all dealers
ance for their homes, lives, in imports and exports must
education packages. stronger. As we grow we can to be strong on our core area purchase insurance locally here
tap into skills in Mauritius of business – motor insurance. – the problem is enforcement of
What are the reasons behind and in other countries. We In terms of job creation, we are the law.
your rebranding exercise and will benefit from economies 32 employees up from three
how will it impact your busi- of scale in areas of reinsurance people who started the busi- What other areas do you think
ness? and actuarial support. We are ness. There are other jobs that will drive the sector’s growth
Our majority owners were doing brand building so that we have created indirectly to going forward?
Mauritius Union Financial our clients familiarise with our agents and loss assessors. There is an oil and gas pool
Services Group based in Mau- new name. where we are participating as
ritius. Within the group, there What’s your stand on the idea well and we all contributed
were several businesses which How has your business im- of risk based supervision be- money to take on risks in the
were operating in different pacted Uganda’s economy – in ing mooted by the regulator? sector. When activities increase,
names. For instance, the general terms of jobs, taxes and related We welcome risk based it will support the insurance
insurance business was under opportunities since 2004 when supervision. It is a global prac- sector to grow. Infrastructure
Mauritius Union Assurance, you started? tice these days and all mature and other development projects
the life insurance Mauritius was Our gross written premiums markets have gone this direc- are good for insurance although
under another company. There have increased from Shs14bn tion. This practice means that they are usually one-offs. I
was Phoenix in Uganda, Kenya, in 2016 to Shs16.3bn in 2017. the number of risks that you think we need to focus on
Tz and Rwanda), which was We are targeting Shs20bn this take on has got to be matched things like agriculture which
majority owned by Mauritius year. Our plan is to grow our over and above by the capital are consistent and are here to
Union. There is also a small business by 57% by 2020. We that you have in the business. stay. We need to make insur-
company called Phoenix Insur- are therefore striving to have a We are comfortable with this ance a way of life for the people
ance in Mauritius which has good strong distribution net- and we are waiting for the of Uganda. The regulator is
nothing to do with Mauritius work –brokers, our own inter- regulations. In fact, when we projecting 3% penetration rate
Union. Then there is Phoenix nal business development team look at issues like solvency ratio up from the current 1% by 2025,
Assurance in Southern Africa and the licensed agents. We where the regulator wants us and, I think is achievable.
(Namibia, Swaziland and have also opened distribution to be and where we are now…
Zambia). There was therefore outlets, among others, in Mala- we are at around 463% which is How you do normally ran your
confusion that needed to be ba, Mutukula and Kayunga. We substantially higher than what organization as a CEO?
addressed and the solution was want to be visible and sell prod- the regulator is looking for. I ran an open door policy. I
to bring all businesses under ucts to our clients. We need to This means we have strength to delegate quite a bit and ensure
one brand. This rebranding build capacity in areas like avia- settle claims. Over the years, the everybody is trained in their
makes us bigger, better and tion insurance as we continue business has grown well –finan- areas of work.

30 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Business
csr PENSION

Stanbic rewards DigiCashBack Promotion winners NSSF recognized by

S
tanbic Bank has rewarded the procurement audit

T
first batch of 20 winners of the
he National Social Security Fund
DigiCashBack Promotion with Shs1
(NSSF) has been ranked among the
million each for transacting on their
best performing public institutions in
digital platforms. The winners are drawn
public procurement for the Financial
daily from a pool of those who are using Year 2017/18, according to a recent audit
the Stanbic Bank digital channels to transact report issued by the Public Procurement and
daily. Disposal of Public  Assets Authority (PPDA).
Rhona Kwesiga, the Forest Mall Branch The Fund said in an Oct. 05 notice that
Carlos Sserwadda, the Stanbic Regional sales and Control Manager, congratulated the winners
service manager far west (R) congratulates Edgar it registered an average weighted score of
Tumwebaze (C) one of the first twenty winners and encouraged others to transact on the 88.5%, basing on key procurement perfor-
of the the Stanbic DigiCashBack campaign with a Stanbic Bank digital channels to also stand mance indicators that include compliance
dummy cheque worth Shs1 million. Looking on a chance to win the cash. The campaign, to PPDA regulations, review of the procure-
is Kiige David (L) Stanbic Bank’s Mbarara branch which is now in its second month, will run ment system, procurement process and asset
control manager.    Courtesy Photo up to Dec. 2018. disposal process. The audit results showed
an improvement in the overall rating when
AVIATION compared to the weighted average score of
87% attained in the previous Financial Year.
Egypt Air to unveil flights to Kigali Managing Director, Richard Byarugaba

E
attributed the impressive rating to continu-
gypt’s national carrier, Egypt Air, aviation and air links were also on the ous efforts to refine the procurement system
will unveil three non-stop flights agenda of the meeting. at the Fund through coordinated functions of
between Cairo and Kigali, starting Egypt Air, however, is yet to confirm key players.
February next year. The carrier the aircraft type for the operation to The report also commended the Fund
will also unveil a new route to Douala, both Kigali and Douala but it is expected for putting in place a fully constituted and
Cameroun, also with three weekly flights. that the airline will use Airbus A320 experienced Procurement and Disposal Unit,
The new flights from Egypt to Rwanda aircraft in a dual class configuration of putting in place a mechanism for implemen-
are seen as a direct result of the Egyptian Business and Economy. tation of previous recommendations made
President’s visit to Rwanda last year when by PPDA.

TRANSPORT csr

Uber introduces new UBA’s Read Africa project visits Fortpotal school
security features Luyima told the

R
students to read widely
ide-hailing firm, Uber, has introduced new se- and acquire more
curity features on its app that allow riders and knowledge so as to be
drivers direct access to emergency response able to solve complex
services. problems.
Uber said in a statement that it is set to rollout the “…the better we
new measures over the next few weeks to its app users understand each other,
in Africa including Uganda, Middle East and Europe. the more confident we
The new features on the safety kit include backup get because we will be
contacts that will enable riders to save up to five con- able to firmly engage in
tacts, whom they can share trip information with. dialogue. You should
It will also include an emergency button to trigger never tire of reading, it
private security response from the firm’s third-party only makes you a better
responders. person,’ he said.
The kit’s safety centre will ensure that riders and The Read Africa proj-
drivers will have access to information about the trip ect was initiated in 2011
driver and the car, customer care services, trip GPS- by UBA Foundation,
tracking. the arm of the bank
UBA Head Retail Banking, Paul Luyima hands over
Speed alerts will remind drivers and delivery-part- literature books to students of Fortpotal Secondary charged with Corporate
ners to maintain recommended road limits. The toolkit School.   Courtesy Photo Social Responsibility

I
aims to raise the bar on safety and increase transpar- (CSR).
ency, accountability and peace of mind for all users. n a bid to curb the with literature. The project has
“With more than 15 million trips on the Uber app poor reading culture UBA Fortpotal team been rolled out across
every day, there is nothing more important than the plaguing the youth led by the Head of Africa with the goal of
safety of riders, drivers and couriers. Over the last year in Uganda, United Retail Banking, Paul rekindling the dwin-
we’ve been working to develop innovative products Bank for Africa(UBA) Luyima, donated 100 dling reading culture
that increase transparency, accountability and peace has embarked on a proj- books to the students amongst African
of mind for all users,” Sachin Kansal, Global Head of ect dubbed read ‘Read of Fortpotal Secondary youths.
Safety Product at Uber, said. Africa’ to equip students School.

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 31
Business

SME’s need partners,
not just banks
BY Isaac Khisa would make banks make more
money as business becomes
Micro, Small and Medium loyal to them.
Enterprises are the engines of This development comes at
many economies including the time financial institutions
Uganda and therefore need are seen as entities seeking
bank’s help to thrive and to make profits through loan
grow, according to Prof. Chris extension to SMEs.
Ogbechie, a strategic manage- Centenary Bank Managing
ment don at Lagos Business Director, Fabian Kasi, said the
School and former Chairman of lender has been serving the
the Nigerian-based Diamond lower end of the pyramid for
Bank Plc. the last 35 years to deliver sus-
Prof Ogbechie, who was tainable economic, social and
speaking at the Sheraton Kam- environmental development.
pala Hotel during the Global He revealed that the lender
Airtel Uganda Chief Commercial Officer, Amit Kapur (R) hands over one of Alliance for Banking on Values has more than 1, 300 agents
the newly launched smartphones to musician, King Saha, at the company (GABV) on Oct. 17, said the countrywide, with 700 expect-
premises in Kampala on Oct. 22.   Courtesy Photo. bank’s partnership with SMEs ed to be added to its network
will enable them make more before the end of the year, to
money in the long run. conveniently serve its 1.6mil-
“Small businesses are the lion customers.
ones that drive economies Founded in 2009, the Global
of most countries (includ- Alliance comprises 36 financial
ing Uganda). It is not the big institutions and four strategic
businesses, multinationals,” partners operating in countries
he said, “The number of jobs across Asia, Africa, Australia,
created is higher than those Latin America, North America
provided by big companies… and Europe. Only Centenary
if we have to grow our econo- Bank is a member in Uganda
mies, then, it means that we since 2012.
need to support these small Collectively the network
businesses.” He said if banks serve more than 24 million cus-
can help SMEs with various tomers, hold up to US$110 bil-
services such as advisory ser- lion of combined assets under
vices, linking them to markets management.
Sam Mwogeza, the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Stanbic Bank poses and customers, among others,
with the CFO of the Year award on Oct.18 at Kampala Serena Hotel.
The CFO awards were organised by ACCA Uganda and Deloitte. Left is
Japheth Kato, UBL Board chairman and right is a guest at the event.

Weekly share price movement (Oct. 10, 2018)
Security Oct.10 Oct. 05 Movement
BATU 30,000 30000 00
BOBU 125 140 10.7
CENT 976 1,048 6.8
QCL 262 262 00
DFCU 849 849 00
EABL 6,950 7,040 1.2
EBL 1,484 1,516 2.1
JHL 16,981 17,713 4.1
KA 409 453 9.7
KCB 1,446 1,469
NIC 16 16 00
NMG 2,667 2,602 2.5
L-R: Sefik Bagdadioglu, the chief marketing officer for Jumia Africa, Ron NVL 400 400 00
Kawamara, the CEO for Jumia Uganda, Massimiliano Spalazzi, the co- SBU 33 33 00
CEO for Jumia Africa and Neville Iguundura, the chief marketing officer UCHM 30 34 11.7
for Jumia Uganda addressing journalists on the company’s Black Friday UCL 23 23 00
campaign. The campaign would offer goods to buyers at discounted UMEME 350 350 00
prices from Nov.16 – Dec.07.   The Independent/Julius Businge ALSI -- -- --
32 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Sitting,
standing,
walking
How do they affect
your memory?

P
By Maria Cohut current task. minimise mistakes as the participants
The study’s findings appear online in performed their task.
revious research has shown the British Journal of Psychology. “Our behavioral results indicate that
that exercise is beneficial for both acute aerobic exercise and upright
the brain and that it helps Moderate activity vs. no activity posture expedited the overall speed of
treat depression and prevent “Acute aerobic exercise has been found processing as compared to passive and
cognitive decline. So, what to influence cognitive performance both seated conditions, while upright posture
is the importance of posture subsequently and concurrently (during additionally served to reduce error rates,”
and movement for the brain? A new study and after exercise),” the scientists write in the authors write in their paper.
investigates. the study paper.
Many studies have argued that some “However, the influence on executive What happens in the brain?
level of exercise is beneficial when it comes performance during acute exercise is less Based on the EEG measurements, as
to protecting cognitive function and that clear, with several accounts providing well as the participants’ performance on
leading a sedentary lifestyle will negatively contradictory theory and evidence the visual working memory tasks, the
affect a person’s brain. regarding the direction of effects,” the researchers suggest that the brain areas
For instance, one study covered authors add. that may get a boost during moderate
on Medical News Today earlier this For this reason, they decided to use aerobic exercise are the frontoparietal
year showed that aerobic exercise electroencephalography (EEG) — a network (the brain’s “attention hub”), and
helps preserve brain health, keeping technique that allows researchers to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (key to
neurodegenerative diseases, such as monitor a person’s brain activity by working memory and selective attention).
dementia, at bay. recording electrical impulses — to see how In short, the brain’s executive function
Research from last year even suggested people would perform on visual memory networks appear to benefit during, and not
that walking 4,000 steps each day can boost tasks while in a passive posture, or while just after, aerobic exercise.
cognitive function in older adults. physically active. This, the team argues, contradicts
Another recent study supported these existing models which have suggested
findings from the reverse perspective, Exercise could benefit early-onset that “exercise disengages the higher-order
explaining that too much sitting harms Alzheimer’s functions of the prefrontal cortex” due to
the temporal lobe, an area of the brain limited energy resources.
that plays an essential role in processing The team recruited 24 participants who “Our findings hold implications not
memories and language. undertook EEG testing as they performed only for the field of cognitive psychology,
Now, three researchers from Ludwig‐ the memory task in different conditions: wherein our knowledge has been primarily
Maximilians‐University Munich in while seated on a stationary bicycle, while derived from seated, resting participants,
Germany — Gordon Dodwell, Hermann J. pedaling, while standing on a treadmill, but also for our understanding of cognitive
Müller, and Thomas Töllner — have found and as they were walking on a treadmill. performance at large.”
new evidence that aerobic exercise protects Lead author Thomas Töllner and “Although modern society has evolved
the brain. colleagues found that the participants’ to become more and more sedentary, our
Furthermore, their new study shows visual working memory seemed to work brains may nevertheless perform best while
how sitting, standing, and walking best when they were cycling or walking, our bodies are active,” Töllner speculates.
each impact visual working memory, rather than seated or simply standing.
which is the brain’s ability to store visual Moreover, when it came to posture, the Source: Medical News Today
information spontaneously, for use in a researchers observed that standing helped

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 33
health

American researchers
healthspan, even towards the end of life,”
said Robbins. “But there are still many ques-
tions to address, including the right dosage,
for example.”

find way to slow aging Of the 10 compounds tested in the
research, fisetin was found to be the most
potent senolytic, meaning it could selec-
tively kill those senescent cells or reverse the
age-related diseases and decreased physical
Natural product found to reduce the level of functions that they cause.
“Administration of fisetin to wild-type
damaged cells in the body, caused by aging mice late in life restored tissue homeosta-
sis, reduced age-related pathology and
extended median and maximum lifespan,”
according to the research.
By Health Reporter involved University of Minnesota Medical The next step is to try to find a better

N
School faculty Paul D. Robbins and Laura J. compound than fisetin, said Paul Robbins,
ew research has demonstrated the Niedernhofer and Mayo Clinic investigators
ability to slow aging and reduce co-director of iBAM. He and the other
James L. Kirkland and Tamara Tchkonia. researchers are interested in studying fisetin
the amount of damaged cells in It showed it was possible to reduce the
the body, according to a recent and other senolytics to find the most potent
burden of damaged cells, termed senescent compound or to even create a man-made
published paper. cells, and extend lifespan and improve
Aging experts from the University of product that performs better than natural
health, even when treatment was initiated ones.
Minnesota, USA, The Scripps Research late in life. As people age, they accumulate
Institute, and Mayo Clinic, discovered One question they can now answer, how-
damaged cells. When the cells get to a cer- ever, is why haven’t they done this before?
that a natural compound found in many tain level of damage they go through an
fruits and vegetables showed the ability to There were always key limitations when it
aging process of their own, called cellular came to figuring out how a drug will act on
improve health and increase the lifespan of senescence. The cells also release inflam-
mice. They used foods like apples, cucum- different tissues, different cells in an aging
matory factors that tell the immune system body. Researchers did not have a way to
bers and strawberries. to clear those damaged cells. Healthy and
The researchers showed that treatment of identify if a treatment was actually attacking
normal cells continuously grow, die and the particular cells that are senescent, until
aged mice with the natural product; Fisetin, replicate. Cell senescence is a process in
found in many fruits and vegetables, has now. Under the guidance of Edgar Arriaga,
which cells lose function, including the a professor in the Department of Chemistry
significant positive effects on health and ability to divide and replicate, but are still
lifespan. in the College of Science and Engineering
resistant to death, according to the National at the University of Minnesota, the team
By giving mice doses of fisetin, a natural Institutes of Health.
product in many fruits and vegetables, used mass cytometry, or CyTOF, technol-
A younger person’s immune system is ogy and applied it for the first time in aging
researchers found improved tissue function, healthy and is able to clear the damaged
a decrease in age-related diseases and lifes- research, which is unique to the University
cells. But as people age, they aren’t cleared of Minnesota. “We looked at the properties
pan extension, said Laura Niedernhofer, as effectively. Thus they begin to accumu-
director of the University’s Institute on the that changed when the cells were exposed
late, cause low level inflammation and to fisetin,” said Arriaga, “This technology
Biology of Aging and Metabolism. release enzymes that can degrade the tissue.
“I think it is hard to prove that you are allowed the researchers to determine which
Robbins and fellow researchers found cells were being affected by the treatment.”
slowing aging,” Niedernhofer said. “But we the natural product, called Fisetin, which
definitely slowed an aging process.” Arriaga added that it is rare for a univer-
reduces the level of these damaged cells sity chemistry department to have mass
The Mayo Clinic will soon begin human in the body. They found this by treat-
clinical trials. cytometry technology as it is usually only
ing mice towards the end of life with this found in cancer and immunology centers.
Previous research had showed it was pos- compound and see improvement in health
sible to reduce the burden of damaged cells, “We believe it is an advantage,” he said.
and lifespan. Their paper titled, `Fisetin “In addition to showing that the drug
termed senescent cells, and extend lifespan is a senotherapeutic that extends health
and improve health, even when treatment works, this is the first demonstration that
and lifespan’, was published recently in shows the effects of the drug on specific
was initiated late in life. The earlier research EBioMedicine. “These results suggest that
was published in `Nature Medicine’ and subsets of these damaged cells within a
we can extend the period of health, termed given tissue.” Robbins said.

34 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
ART | BOOKS | SOCIETY | TRAVEL | CULTURE

W
By Dominic Muwanguzi

ith no
national
museum of
art, Ugan-
da suffers
from not
having a national archive for
art. Therefore, it is convenient
for one to conclude there is no
art in Uganda because of an ab-
sence of a national collection of
art that showcases the diverse
approach in subject matter and
technique of artists from the
past and present.
Today, it is generally the

Forgotten art masters
practicing artists that are cele-
brated and hardly any artworks
of artists from yesteryear are
showcased anywhere on the
local art scene. Yet many past
art masters contributed a great
deal to the art landscape. But Why Uganda needs a national archive for art
they are forgotten.
Past masters invented inte-
grating traditional art forms nude woman in concrete. passed on in 2000, but his work
with the modern, hence spear- The artwork Untitled 1963 has in the past featured in the
heading the idea of innovation is probably the first attempt East Africa Art Auction.
and experimentation that is so on the subject of nudity by a Romano Lutwama: Accord-
much emphasised today. This Ugandan artist. His explora- ing to art critics, Lutwama is
article puts the spotlight on tion of the human form in described as an artist who was
some forgotten art masters and this sculpture was brilliant. fascinated by the exploration
their practice. Hopefully that Eli Kyeyune: Kyeyune’s of colour relationships and
will contribute to art research art exuded complete mas- tonal dynamism. He was a
that is crucial in the develop- tery in terms of emphasising contemporary of Eli Kyeyune
ment of the Kampala contem- indigenous art concepts and Fabian Mpagi whose
porary art scene. and forms in its composi- approach on canvas was liberal;
Samuel Kakaire: He was a tion. The approach made especially on colour applica-
distinctive painter who had his work unique; with a tion. Lutwama avoided the
studied byzantine wall painting blend of bold outlined lines classroom approach to painting
in Russia that exposed him to and curves to suggest the that emphasised following a
Russian iconographic art. Back idea of exaggeration in his particular colour scheme while
home he integrated Uganda’s paintings that are evident in drawing. He instead used his
traditional motifs with ancient- `Girl 1970’. The masterpiece own methodology of colour
Russian byzantine culture. The showcases a young woman psychology on canvas that
blend of techniques gave his whose gown has fallen drew a lot of attention from his
art an edge as he experimented and is exposing her supple collectors. His protégé include
with a diversity of media like versity. The figurative mural breasts to the audience. Her Stephen Kasumba who defies
frescos, stained glass, batik on Untitled 1965 showcases a rural long exaggerated neck and chis- the notion of conventional
silk and egg tempra on canvas. scene where men and women eled facial features connote that painting on canvas. Lutwama’s
He last exhibited in the 1990s. are tending to their cattle with she comes from a royal lineage. work often features in the East
Ignatus Serulyo: The artist birds in the background. The Other works by the artist carry Africa modern and contempo-
is responsible for the iconic approach is a blend of tradi- this unique style of the artist rary art Auction in Nairobi. The
stained glass mural painting tional art practices with the that defies the European mod- artist passed on in 2004.
that graces the façade of the European modernist style of ernist form of painting. Little
administration building that painting. The artist also has a wonder the artist was unable Image: Eli Kyeyune, Discussion
inhabit the office of the dean of sculpture in the courtyard of the to finish his diploma at the art 1975 courtesy of Circle Art
the school of art, Makerere Uni- Makerere art gallery of a seated school, Makerere. The artist Agency

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 35
Parents boycott father for dropping off son in Ferrari sports car
A Chinese man has been class, and Li was recently WeChat group. Li refused
excluded out of a parents told by a teacher that he to give in to the demands
WeChat group and accused had received complaints of the teacher and the other
of flaunting his wealth about it. Apparently, some parents, arguing that he
by dropping his son off of the other parents were had worked hard for the
to school in an expensive worried that it would lead money he used to buy the
Ferrari 488 sports car. The to unhealthy comparisons car, and that he wants to
man, surnamed Li, has the between the kids in class give his young son the very
habit of taking his junior and prevent them from best. He added that if his
pupil son to school in a developing fellowship. The luxury car made them feel
Ferrari 488. This did not sit man didn’t agree so they awkward, maybe they were
too well with the parents of all shunned him, and even the ones with the problem.
the other kids in his son’s excluded him from their

Man buries himself to become a god! Meet Japan’s What a Chinese road!
An he stayed.
politest robber China is famous for its bewil-
Indian They then Japanese people are renowned dering and oftentimes confus-
man was buried him for their manners and politeness, ing highway interchanges, but
recently in the pit, but this incident shows just how the Qianchun interchange in
volun- as per his far that politeness can go. A man the mountainous province of
tarily instruc- recently went into a convenience Guizhou is the only one that
been tions. In a store, asked the manager if he actually looks like a giant roll-
buried in big event, could rob the place and upon ercoaster for cars and trucks. It
order, he they cov- being refused, he left and later consists of 18 different ramps, in
said, to ered the pit turned himself in to police. The 8 directions, on five different lay-
attain salvation and be reborn with stone slabs and mud, bizarre robbery attempt took ers, with the highest one stand-
as a God. Deeraj Kharol, a and started worshiping at the place on October 5, at a shop in ing 37 meters above ground. It
tantrik who had been living in spot. Luckily for Kharol, news Ogori City, Japan’s Fukuoka Pre- has been labeled a nightmare
a temple in Karocho ka Kheda of his ritual quickly spread fecture. According to police, the for motorists trying to find their
village, Rajasthan, for a few among the local community unnamed man allegedly entered way around. But the roads offi-
years, buried himself alive as and reached the a regional the store at around 1:40am and cial claims that the directions
part of a bizarre ritual to attain police station, who rushed to told the manager “I’ve come and exits on the interchange are
‘samadhi’ (salvation) and be Karocho ka Kheda village with with the intent to intimidate you clearly marked. And - even if
resurrected as a God three days an intervention team. He was and rob this store, may I ask you you make mistakes - it’s always
later. Instead of talking some rescued, barely conscious, after to please cooperate with me?” easy to turn around.
sense into him, enthusiastic eight hours in the pit. A case has in the most unintimidating way
villagers celebrated his deci- now been opened against both possible. He did not get the
sion and offered to aid him in Kharol and the villagers who answer he was hoping for so he
any way, even digging a pit aided him, although the charges turned around and walked out
for him near the temple where are not clear. quietly without taking anything.

Students serve cookies of human ashes
Two students baked “It blew my mind,”
cookies with human ashes said the boy’s mother,
and fed them to classmates who reportedly agreed to
at Da Vinci Charter Acad- speak on the condition of
emy High School in Davis, anonymity. “I was really
California, USA. “There repulsed. I was upset.”
were claims that the cookies A statement posted to
they baked contained one the district website reads,
of [the students’] grandpar- in part: “Students are safe
ents cremated ashes,” said reports of physical ailments.” and there is no health risk
Lt. Paul Doroshov of the Davis The alleged incident, which at the Da Vinci Charter campus
Police Department. “Approxi- Doroshov said occurred on Oct. or to anyone involved.” It is
mately nine students consumed 4, was not made public until the being treated as a personal fam-
the cookies but there were no outraged parents of a male stu- ily matter and not criminal.
dent contacted a journalist.

36 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
These driving mistakes
Overloading vehicle
You should try to avoid
overloading your vehicle and
putting undue strain on the

can kill your vehicle
suspension for unnecessary
and extended periods of time.
Check the manual to make
sure you have not exceeded
the maximum load, as doing
By Motoring Guru tyres are not smooth (unless

M
Hitting speeding humps so could damage the brakes,
you are driving a Formula One clutch, tyres, and suspension.
any drivers do car!). Smooth tyres can be very Most urban centres have
things on the road many of these in various
that they should not
dangerous in wet conditions
shapes and sizes. Some are
Not adjusting mirrors
when they encourage a thin
be doing. Some are layer of water between them outright annoying; like those on correctly
mistakes, results of ignorance, and the road. This leads to a Kayunga Road and it takes the Side view and rear-view
and outright recklessness. As phenomenon called aquaplan- patience of the Biblical prophets mirrors help you to make split
a consequence, many motor- ing and you don’t want to be not to hit them. I always never second decisions. Ensure that
ists end up in the garage when flying off the road. hit them because I know what they are adjusted for maximum
they would not if they were that could do to my suspen- visibility of vehicles behind you
just a bit more careful, cautious, Driving on empty sions. I also know that it might or next to you, reducing the size
and courteous. Here are some Many motorists appear to not happen immediately, of your blind spot as much as
of those bad things we do on treat the fuel in their vehicle but hitting speed humps can possible. Invest in blind spot
the road which we could eas- as if it has an expiry date. So damage shock absorbers, the mirrors if your vehicle does not
ily avoid and save our garage they put in as little as possible, steering rack, various bushes come equipped with them or a
money and our vehicles. ensuring that the gauge never and bearings, and even joints blind spot warning system.
leaves the empty zone. What and springs. Do I really want
Failing to fix tyres many do not realise is that a to incur all that cost merely for
Skipping routine vehicle
Tyres are thin things; with
10/32” to 11/32” of original
fuel tank collects dregs and the one second joy of quickly checks
when the fuel is low, some taka jumping over a hump? No way. If an indicator is not work-
tread depth. And, normally, taka gets sucked into the vehicle I like to enjoy the smooth and ing, tyre pressure is too low, or
only a small portion of a tyre fuel system. In really nasty comfortable ride that a good de-foggers do not clear wind-
touches the road. But for your situations, they may block the suspension system provides shields like they should, it could
vehicle, those inches can mean fuel system or even damage the over a long time, so I guard my lead to anything from a bumper
blessings or bruises. The treads engine. So give the vehicle some suspension. In fact, I avoid hit- bashing to loss of life. Make
in the tyre are designed to juice to suck on. It will save you ting anything with my under sure that your vehicle is fre-
ensure that they have a good a pointless expense. belly; be it potholes or kerbs. quently checked and serviced at
grip on the road at all times. So
the required intervals.
you need to ensure that your

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Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 37
Profile

Maxime Van Pee: Motocross’s risk taker
By Agnes E Nantaba This has since grown to accom- The challenge still lies in went on to pursue a bachelor

M
modate over 70 riders in a the lack of official dealers for in Business Management at
axime Van Pee is a single race. spare parts leaving them with Fontys University in Venlo,
three time cham- 11 years later, Maxime is a the option of importing from Holland.
pion of motocross three time champion for not Kenya and other countries. He aims to keep as a humble,
sport in Uganda. only Uganda but the East Afri- Maxime is not about to give respectful, and hardworking
The 25 year old fast rising star can region. He is now eyeing up the race, “I am not just individual.
has competed in several na- the continental championships. doing this to win titles so I will “I also like to be remembered
tional, African nations (Kenya “The last three four years continue and even carry on the as a motocross champion who
and Uganda) as well as East have been the best in my life,” sport to my future children”. took Uganda to the world map
and Central African Champion- he says, “I have won four Maxime is the second born of of motocross,” says Maxime.
ships. national and three east African the five children of Patrick Van
“It only gets rewarding when championships and these mean Pee, a Belgian-Ugandan and
you realise that you are leading a lot knowing where I started Adolphin, a Rwandese.
the race,” says Maxime. from.” He was born in Uganda
Riding is something that runs Winning a motocross race but partly stayed in
within the family and they all is not that easy. Maxime Rwanda and Congo
used to ride together; includ- maintains that it takes a lot following on his
ing his father and the girls. But of dedication and practicing; father’s busi-
motosport being quite risky especially being a physically nesses. He went
and less competitive among demanding sport. But it also to école française
women; it became tough. For takes a lot a courage and risk les grands lacs
example, although his elder taking because at times, it gets (French school)
brother Olivier was initially too dangerous. The sport is also before complet-
faster and better than Maxime, expensive; especially knowing ing primary edu-
he has since taken a break from that sponsorship is only gain- cation at Kabira
the sport after suffering an ing ground in Uganda. International
accident that broke his leg. So He says, “It is really costly to School. He
the girls eventually lost interest. purchase race winner bikes and completed
But they still ride when it suits the parts”. secondary
them. For the sport in Uganda, education at
Maxime started riding his Maxime maintains that the International
first bike when he was 12 years industry has made tremendous School of
old. That was too old. But the progress. Key among them Uganda and
teenager and his elder brother, is the exemption of taxes on
Olivier, dived deep into self- importation of racer bikes
training. Initially, it was his and the coming on
father’s idea having been a fan board of several
of bikes but two years later, sponsors.
motocross had taken over foot-
ball as Maxime’s number one
passion. The drive was not
about racing but fun.
“Even at that time, it was
hard to go the next level
because I was still young,” says
Maxime.
Long time motocross cham-
pion and one of the legends of
the sport in Uganda, Arthur
Blick encouraged Maxime’s
father to consider track.
At 14 years, Maxime started
racing and even when it
appeared that he and his
brother were the slowest, they
were encouraged to push on.
The motocross space in Uganda
was not also threatening with
only about 10 riders in a race.

38 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
Q&A

Maxime Van Pee’s Liteside
Any three things that we own money. The project What is the quality you What is your marked

I
don’t know about you? has grown to accommodate most like in a man? characteristic?
am a risk taker. I try over 300 pigs. Respectful and being able I am a risk taker.
to be humble and to carry the family on his
respectful. What is your current state shoulders. What do you most value in
of mind? your friends?
What is your idea of I am happy. What or who is the greatest Trust and having similar
perfect happiness? love of your life? interests.
Being surrounded by What do you consider the Family comes first for
the people you love and most overrated virtue? me although, I spend more Who are your favorite
doing something you are There is still a high time with my youngest writers?
passionate about. degree of corruption in sister which makes us bond I don’t read a lot.
Uganda and feel like if the more. I also love my
What is your greatest fear? this could be reduced, girlfriend, Lola. Who is your hero of
Losing one of my close development would get fiction?
ones. faster and more people When and where were you Willard Carroll Smith aka
would benefit from the happiest? Will Smith and Leonardo
What is the trait you most services. It gets frustrating The first win for the East Wilhelm DiCaprio. I like
deplore in yourself? how people pay taxes African championship the way they fit into the
Sometimes I aim to win and almost gain nothing in 2015 when I had just personalities they portray
too much. Moments have from them. This is home completed school. The and it makes it so hard to
happened when I have for me and I hope we birth of my youngest sister believe that its fiction.
pushed myself too hard and can do something about because with the big age
ended up hurting. corruption. difference, I appreciated Which historical figure do
the moment more than with you most identify with?
What is the trait you most What does being powerful others. Nelson Mandela was a
deplore in others? mean to you? great man who fought for
Selfishness and being a Being respected in your Which talent would you a good cause of having
racist. community. This translates most like to have? equality between races.
into people listening and Before motocross, I From him, I have come
Which living person do seeking advice from you. played football and it is one to learn that if you want
you most admire? But it also means being able thing that I would love to something, you should go
My father, Patrick Van to offer working solutions re-awaken. for it.
Pee; he came to Africa with to them.
nothing but started out Where would you most Who are your heroes in
something, was broken On what occasion do you like to live? real life?
down many times but was lie? Uganda is home for me. My parents and
able to get back on his feet There have been times Even when I travel and do grandmother; at 92 years
without giving up. I like the where if I don’t tell lies, more than two weeks, I old, she is still going strong.
fact that he remains humble I might miss out on an start missing home.
and never gives up even opportunity. I don’t What is your greatest
when things seem not to be however tell lies with an What is your most regret?
going his way. I also admire intention of hurting anyone. treasured possession? There are things I wish
my mother Adolphin for The unity within our I did more. For instance at
being a support system to What do you most dislike family. school, there are subjects
the family. about your appearance? where I just gave the
If I could be stronger and What do you regard as the minimum to pass and
What is your greatest buffer. lowest depth of misery? yet I need them today.
extravagance? No parent deserves to Information Technology is
Contributing to buying Which living person do lose their children. It’s the just one of them and I wish
a bike or even a new gear, you most despise? hardest thing anyone can go I had paid a little more
makes me happy. I also love There are people that I through. attention during school.
travelling with friends and like less but I don’t despise
family. anyone. What is your favorite How would you like to
occupation? die?
What is the greatest thing What is the quality you Motocross is a passion In my sleep.
you have ever done? most like in a woman? and whenever I am on a
Starting the piggery Respect for self and bike, it’s a feeling that I What is your motto?
project; I was really happy others. can’t describe. I am here for a reason and
to start something from my purpose.

Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018 39
Global comment
By Mariann Bassey-Orovwuje
Say no to agricultural gene drives
Africans are now confronting a new and serious threat
to our land, biodiversity, rights, and food supply

F
irst, the agribusiness giants came to find their way into species that pollinate For example, some researchers want to use
take our land and disrupt our food crops or serve as a food source for birds, gene-drive organisms (GDOs) to infiltrate
systems with synthetic pesticides, reptiles, and even humans. Nor can one and eliminate entire pest species within a
fertilisers, proprietary seeds, and discount scenarios in which artificial genes few generations.
genetically modified organisms (GMOs). disable beneficial natural genes, or even Having been sold on gene drives as a pos-
Now, these firms’ hired hands are upping cause outbreaks of new diseases. sible magic bullet, farming organisations
the ante with “gene drives,” a deliberately Gene-drive developers have spent mil- such as the California Cherry Board and the
invasive technology designed to propagate lions of dollars trying to sell this technology US Citrus Research Board are collaborating
genetic material across an entire population as a quick fix for achieving ambitious with Agragene Inc., the world’s first agricul-
or species. As a result, Africans are now health and conservation goals, such as tural gene-drive company. And, of course,
confronting a new and serious threat to our those outlined in the UN’s 2030 Agenda the major agribusiness firms – Monsanto-
land, biodiversity, rights, and food supply. for Sustainable Development. In my part Bayer, Syngenta-ChemChina, DowDuPont
To mark World Food Day (October 16) of the world, West Africa, scientists with (now Corteva Agriscience), and Cibus – are
this year, the Alliance for Food Sovereignty millions of dollars from the Bill & Melinda lurking in the shadows of gene-drive policy
in Africa (AFSA) – a network of farmers’ Gates Foundation’s “Target Malaria” project discussions, having been advised by scien-
organisations operating in 52 out of 54 are aggressively pursuing a plan to release tists and public relations advisers to keep a
African countries – joined with hundreds gene-drive mosquitos into the wild (after low profile.
of other leading advocates worldwide to first conducting a test run with bioengi- Some gene-drive proponents have argued
oppose the use of gene drives. We have neered non-gene-drive mosquitos). that GDOs could be compatible with agro-
called on the United Nations and other Needless to say, many of us in the region ecological approaches such as organic
multilateral organisations to enact a global feel as though we are being used as lab farming. But make no mistake: a gene-
moratorium on the release of these biotech- rats in an experiment that could devastate driven farm would epitomise the industrial
nologies into the environment, and particu- African farming families’ capacity to feed approach to agriculture, which has failed
larly in agricultural settings. themselves and their communities. More- the test of sustainability. That is why it is
Gene drives have been described as over, it is an experiment that could prove increasingly being rejected in favour of
“genetic forcers,” because they literally doubly self-defeating, given that malnutri- an agro-ecological model based on the
force genetically engineered traits onto tion can heighten the risk of death from principle of “food sovereignty.” The latter
entire populations of insects, plants, fungi, malaria. Fearing for their health and that of approach, which has been endorsed by the
and other organisms. What was once a their environments, African farmers who UN Human Rights Council, calls on farmers
nightmare scenario regarding GMOs – the are committed to agro-ecological practices to share their existing knowledge and seeds
uncontrolled spread of harmful engineered – as well as groups like AFSA, La Coalition with one another other, and to protect local
genes across an ecosystem – may become a pour la Protection du Patrimoine Génétique ecosystems.
deliberate strategy. Africain (COPAGEN), and Terre À Vie – are Next month, representatives from more
Specifically, researchers have already cre- leading the campaign against field experi- than 190 countries will meet in Sharm el
ated “engineered selfish genes” that spread ments with genetically modified mosquitos. Sheikh, Egypt, for the 14th meeting of the
themselves automatically in two insect Local communities are not blind to the Conference of the Parties to the Convention
species. Normally, the offspring of sexually fact that the use of gene drives against on Biological Diversity (UN Biodiversity
reproducing organisms have a 50% chance malaria-transmitting mosquitos is largely a Conference). While there, they will consider
of inheriting a gene from their parents. But public-relations gambit. The real end game whether to press the brakes on gene drives
with gene drives, the probability is almost is agriculture. According to “Forcing the to ensure that farmers and indigenous
100%, meaning that the offspring and all of Farm,” a new report from the ETC Group peoples are fully consulted before these
its future progeny will carry the trait. and the Heinrich Böll Foundation, even technologies are unleashed in their commu-
Gene drives pose a clear threat to natural leaders in the gene-drive field quietly accept nities. One hopes that the international com-
systems. If released into the environment, that the technologies they are developing munity will uphold its duty to protect food
they could potentially alter food chains, will be used in agribusiness more than in supplies, as well as the rights of farmers
eradicate beneficial organisms such as any other sector. around the world.
pollinators, and disrupt indigenous agro- After all, gene drives have the potential
ecological practices and cultures. to change the entire business model of
The researchers behind gene drives have industrial agriculture. Rather than merely Mariann Bassey-Orovwuje is Chair of the
only just begun to consider the implications altering the crops that farmers bring to har- Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA).
of laboratory-produced genes behaving at vest, biotechnology corporations will now
odds with what their theoretical models try to control the genetic makeup of every Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
predict. Yet one cannot rule out the pos- component in the agricultural ecosystem,
sibility that genes for female sterility could from the pollinators to the weeds and pests.

40 Oct 26 - Nov 01, 2018
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