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APWH WWI & WWII Webquest

Use the following website (& any other legitimate websites, like Britannica, BBC, my
WWI/WWII PowerPoint, etc.) to answer the questions below. Please write at least a full
paragraph for each question. Do NOT copy & paste; you will receive NO credit for any
information that is copied & pasted. The relevant key concepts are listed beneath the
questions. Please turn into the dropbox on eClass.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2014/jul/23/a-global-guide-to-the-
first-world-war-interactive-documentary
WWI Website Sections:
Video 1 “Origins”
1. What factors made Europe ripe for conflict and war? They were introduced to ideas of
socialism. Economies of many countries like France, Russia, and Britain were doing very
well. Each country thought they were best.
2. What problems did Germany face and how did these problems lead Germany to war?
Germany faced problems with their enemies overpowering or trying to overthrow. Germany
eventually becoming worried of their opponents joined up with other countries and entered
the war.
6.2 I Europe dominates global political order at the beginning of the 20th cen.
6.2 II. Emerging ideologies of anti-imperialism contributed to the dissolution of empires and the restructuring of states

Video 2 “Trenches”
3. How did military strategy change during WWI? In WWI countries starting new strategies
in war. For example, soldiers would attack enemies’ late night or early in the morning to
catch them off guard. A particular type of strategy used was trenches there were different
types like French, British, and German trenches German trenches were usually deeper. Near
the end of the war the trenches over 12,000ft long.
6.1 III. Disease, scientific innovations and conflict led to demographic shifts.
C. Improved military technology (such as tanks & airplanes) and new tactics (such as trench warfare or firebombing) led to increased
levels of wartime casualties

Video 3 “Empires”
4. Compare the role of Britain’s colonies in the war. British colonies were very diverse and
contributed a lot. People were brought from India all the way from Australia or South
Africa. India sent 1 million soldiers to go fight.
6.2 IV. Military conflicts occurred on an unprecedented global scale.
A. World War I and World War II were the first “total wars.”
-Governments used ideologies, including fascism, nationalism, and communism, to mobilize all of their state’s resources, including peoples,
both in the home countries and the colonies or former colonies, for the purpose of waging war. Governments also used a variety of
strategies, including political speeches, art, media, and intensified forms of nationalism, to mobilize these populations
6.2 I. B. Some colonies negotiated their independence (such as India or the Gold Coast from the British Empire or French West Africa).
6.2 II. Emerging ideologies of anti-imperialism contributed to the dissolution of empires and the restructuring of states

Video 4 “Fronts” & Video 5 “Slaughter”


5. What was the role of oil and new military technology in WWI? New technology played a
great role in the battles that happen for example bayonet charges killed many solders. In one
battle Germans even used a gas attack against Italy and defeated them. Oil was very
important because they switch from coal to it and it fueled many of the machines in the war.
6.1 I D. Energy technologies including the use of petroleum and nuclear power raised productivity and increased the production of
material goods.
6.1 III. Disease, scientific innovations and conflict led to demographic shifts.
C. Improved military technology (such as tanks, airplanes & the atomic bomb) and new tactics (such as trench warfare or firebombing) led
to increased levels of wartime casualties. Examples of wartime casualties include Nanjing, Dresden, & Hiroshima.

Video 6 “Endings”
6. What problems did Germany experience towards the end of the war? After the Treaty of
Versailles? Germany had to give up much territory due to the Treaty of Versailles. The
Germans had to pay a great ton of money because they lost. The treaty left them in a
damaged political and economic situation.

7. How did world borders change after the Treaty of Versailles? (hint: watch the map)
France & Japan gained land and Germany lost much of its land in Europe and gave up all of
its colonies.
6.2 I. Europe dominated the global political order at the beginning of the 20th century, but both land-based and transoceanic empires gave
way to new states by the century’s end
A. Older land-based empires (such as the Ottoman, Russian & Qing) collapsed due to a combination of internal and external factors
(such as economic hardship, political and social discontent, technological stagnation or military defeat).
6.2 III. Political changes were accompanied by major demographic and social consequences.
A. The redrawing of old colonial boundaries led to population resettlements (division of the Middle East into mandatory states & Zionist
Jewish settlement of Palestine).
6.2 IV The sources of global conflict in the first half of the century varied and included imperialist expansion by European powers and
Japan, competition for resources, and the economic crisis engendered by the Great Depression.
C. The global balance of economic and political power shifted after the end of World War II and rapidly evolved into the Cold War. The
United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers, which led to ideological struggles between capitalism and communism
throughout the globe.
D. The Cold War produced new military alliances, including NATO and the Warsaw Pact, and promoted proxy wars in Latin America,
Africa, and Asia

6.2 V. Although conflict dominated much of the 20th century, many individuals and groups — including states — opposed this trend.
Some individuals and groups, however, intensified the conflicts.

Video 7 “Aftermath”
8. How would you describe the aftermath of WWI & its impact on the future? The war left
much of Europe in a bad situation. Soldiers that did fight in the war were left with many bad
symptoms. WWI was a bad impact on the future and ruined many soldiers and countries and
lead to WWII.
6.1 Demographic shifts & impact of new technology & new advancements

Go to this link for the 2015 DBQ from the APWH exam
https://secure-
media.collegeboard.org/digitalServices/pdf/ap/ap15_frq_world_history.pdf

9. Analyze two documents for POV and give the reason why this person has this particular
view. Be prepared to share these in class so copy & save this information so you may access
it in the classroom. HI-Historical Context, P-Purpose, P-Point of View, A-Audience

Doc 3
What does the document say? This document is talking about how people were dying of
influenza in Sierra Leone because they weren’t getting the medical attention they needed.
Analysis (Why does the source say what he/she does? Or use HIPPA): The source is thee
British government I doubt they cared much about the people that were dying in Sierra
Leone.

Doc 4
What does the document say? This document talks about the influenza epidemic that some
people believed the Hindu goddess Amman would save them so they wouldn’t use drugs.
Analysis (Why does the source say what he/she does? Or use HIPPA): The source is a
Sanitary Commissioner’s I think he or she was trying to help people but they refused because
of their superstitious belief.

6.1 III. Disease, scientific innovations and conflict led to demographic shifts.
A. The 1919 influenza pandemic

WWII
10. Find an example of WWII propaganda & paste it below.
-Include information on where you retrieved the image or political speech (it has to be from

a legitimate resource). https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/world-war-ii-


history/pictures/world-war-ii-posters/recruitment-poster-by-tom-woodburn
-Describe how the propaganda piece serves the purpose of mobilizing resources and/or
people for the war. This poster is trying to recruit men for the war by using the iconic uncle
Sam on the front.
-Also, connect your propaganda to one of the following ideologies: Fascism, nationalism
or communism. Describe the connection. This shows nationalism because uncle Sam is
portrayed as very patriotic and this showing that the people have pride in the country.
6.2 IV. Military conflicts occurred on an unprecedented global scale.
A. World War I and World War II were the first “total wars.”
-Governments used ideologies, including fascism, nationalism, and communism, to mobilize all of their state’s resources, including
peoples, both in the home countries and the colonies or former colonies, for the purpose of waging war. Governments also used a
variety of strategies, including political speeches, art, media, and intensified forms of nationalism, to mobilize these populations

11. Compare the Holocaust to ONE of the following examples of genocide: Armenians in
Turkey during/after WWI, Cambodia in the late 1970s or the Tutsis in Rwanda in the 1990s.
In the holocaust the Jews were targeted by the Germans and the Armenians were targeted by
the Ottomans. About 1.5 million Armenians were exterminated by the Ottomans. They
killed men or made them do forced labor in army conscripts which is similar to
concentration camps. Made many go on death marches to the Syrian desert. The Armenian
genocide was very similar to the holocaust in terms of death and how they dealt with their
prisoners.
6.2 IIC The proliferation of conflicts led to the Holocaust during WWII and other forms of genocide or ethnic violence.

12. Research the number of people killed and injured in the bombing of Hiroshima. Then,
read and respond thoughtfully to the following article:
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/in-hiroshima-kerry-will-not-apologize-for-a-
bombs/2016/04/10/b9a941b6-fb58-11e5-813a-90ab563f0dde_story.html

I do not like the fact that many people died in the bombing of Hiroshima, but I agree with
secretary Kerry that they should not have to apologize. They gave japan multiple chances to
surrender and the war was getting out of hand so the us had to resort to desperate measures
to end the war and even though it resulted in much death the bombing probably saved more
lives than it took.
6.1 III. Disease, scientific innovations and conflict led to demographic shifts.
C. Improved military technology (such as tanks, airplanes & the atomic bomb) and new tactics (such as trench warfare or firebombing) led
to increased levels of wartime casualties. Examples of wartime casualties include Nanjing, Dresden, & Hiroshima.

13. After WWII, how did the global balance of economic and political power shift?
Specifically reference NATO and the Warsaw Pact in your explanation. At the end of WWII
the power shifted to two major powers the United States and the Soviet Union. The United
states and western Europe sided together in the NATO alliance. The Soviet Union and its
allies formed the Warsaw Pact. A lot of countries were scared that the two superpowers
would get into a nuclear war.
6.2 IV B-D The sources of global conflict in the first half of the century varied and included imperialist expansion by European powers
and Japan, competition for resources, and the economic crisis engendered by the Great Depression.
C. The global balance of economic and political power shifted after the end of World War II and rapidly evolved into the Cold War. The
United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers, which led to ideological struggles between capitalism and communism
throughout the globe.
D. The Cold War produced new military alliances, including NATO and the Warsaw Pact, and promoted proxy wars in Latin America,
Africa, and Asia
6.2 V B. Groups and individuals, including the Non-Aligned movement, opposed and promoted alternatives to the existing economic,
political and social order.

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