PHELPS

DORCHESTER TO FOWLER

Harvey W. Phelps, M.D. Lt. Col., M.C., U.S.A Ret. Colorado State Senator 1977-1985 Regent, University of Colorado, Emeritus

IMMIGRATE TO THE NEW WORLD

According to the writings of Edward Everett, King James I ordered a statute of perpetual banishment (Puritans) from attending the Church of England. The Non-conformists (Puritan) did recognize the established church but did not like the ecclesiastical vestments and ceremonies. The Brownists (the first group to separate from the established church) went to Holland in 1608. A group under Rev. John White started planning to go to the New World at that time. The waters around Massachusetts Bay had been visited by English fishermen and in 1619 Thompson's island had been occupied by the English. In 1620 the Puritans had landed on Plymouth Rock and established a settlement. In the meantime Charles 1 had become King and after considerable discussions, including petitions from a number of the wealthy, the King granted a charter in 1628 to the Massachusetts Bay Company headed by John Winthrop, a wealthy member of the Company. A group of seventeen ships left Plymouth, England in 1630 with 1,600 or 1,700 immigrants. Winthrop left England on the ship, Arabella. The Rev. White's Group (Rev. White did not leave England) left Plymouth in the 400 ton ship, Mary and John. The Mary and John took seventy days to cross and arrived ten days ahead of Winthrop's Arabella. John Endicott had been sent by the Company to found Salem within the Charter Area in 1628 with supplies to receive many ship loads of members of the Company. When the Mary and John arrived, there were no supplies from Salem nor could any be obtained. After several days the captain of the Mary and John forced the now called Dorchester people (from Dorchester, England) off the ship and he promptly left for England. The Dorchester People were left stranded on a rocky hill called Savin Hill. This caused much suffering.

Savin hill is in the present Dorchester part of Boston. In the photo's background is the President Kennedy Library. There is a bronze marker where the Mary and John people landed. In present day Dorchester which is a part of Boston is the Meeting House Hill with a large Congregational Church which today celebrates the landing of the Mary and John people.

I shall not attempt to go into the reasons for the Phelps' emigrating to the New World. They were members of the religious group under the leadership of Reverend John White, who with a group of wealthy Puritan investors, were buying stock in a company called Massachusetts Bay Company and seeking a charter from King Charles I of England . The charter would allow the Company to settle and govern the land between the Charles and Merrimac Rivers. A number of the Dorchester People were quite wealthy, and educated, these were investors in the Company and included Roger Ludlow esq., a Lawyer, and Mister William Phelps. As mentioned above, The Rev. White did not come to the New World. The Dorchester People appointed two clergymen to attend to their religious needs shortly before leaving. The two clergymen were the Rev. Maverick and Mr. Warham. The Dorchester People were largely from Dorchester, England and they called their new settlement Dorchester. Since many of the Dorchester People were wealthy and more independent than some of the other members of the Massachusetts Bay Company, it was obvious that they were going to look for more freedom and support as well as better lands. Dorchester was the first town to be organized under Winthrop. Because it was the largest town under Winthrop, it paid 80 pounds of the 400 pounds (money) ordered by Winthrop in the Charter. Dorchester met with the Neponset Indians on good terms which helped them through the first year. They also built a meeting house in 1631 on Meeting House Hill surrounded by houses on Pleasant Street and Cottage Street. The Phelps' in towns across the U.S. have always had a Pleasant Street. On the Mary and John, William Phelps had a wife and six unmarried children. All of the six children were born in Porlock, England. Richard was born in 1619. William was born in 1620. Sarah was born in 1623. Samuel was born in Porlock but date is unknown. Nathaniel was born in 1627. Joseph was born in 1629. William's wife on arrival was Dorothy, William's brother George was also on the Mary and John.

3 The first year in the new world was difficult, with a number of deaths. The Dorchester People organized the first town government in the Massachusetts Bay area. In 1634 William Phelps was a delegate from Dorchester to the first General Court which governed the Massachusetts Bay area. Little is known about life in the first three or four years other than houses were built, crops were planted, and the community became more organized around the church. During this time there developed more differences between the leaders of the Dorchester People and John Winthrop and the other leaders of the Bay Company. By 1635 the rigid rules and laws of the Puritans became unbearable. The land was not good and religious differences became intolerable. It was said that there is the type of mind which cannot think of Puritanism save as "mere acrid defiance, and sanctimonious sectarianism, nor of the Puritans save as a band of ignorant and half crazy zealots". In 1635 William's wife, Dorothy, died and in that year William with his six children and brother George crossed the wilderness with goods and cattle along with 60 other people of their church into the fertile land of the Connecticut River valley. They founded the towns of Windsor. There were two other groups who left the Bay area and founded the town of Hartford and Wethersfield. Each of these areas on the Connecticut were broad fertile meadows. The Indians were friendly and helpful and were in need of help against their enemies the Pequot indians. In 1637 the General Court which included Roger Ludlow and William Phelps assembled to raise troops and guns to fight the Pequots. The Pequots were terrorizing everyone along the Connecticut River including the other indian tribes. After several battles the Pequots were subdued. At this same time Roger Ludlow esq., a wealthy lawyer and an original member of the Dorchester People, published the Fundamental Orders for governing along the Connecticut. The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the General Court in 1639 at Hartford. William Phelps was a member of the General Court which was the governing body at that time. The Fundamental Orders became the basis of the Constitution for Connecticut and the foundation for the Constitution of the United States; thus William Phelps had an important part in formulating the Constitution of the United States.

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By the 1640s Windsor became more established. The [and which were once held by the Indians and often held jointly by the settlers and the indians were now all held by the settlers due to the "lords waste" in other words the indians were almost entirely wiped out by smallpox. After living in caves and dugouts or small huts, more substantial houses were being built. Furniture and household utensils were being manufactured. A common house was a "salt box" where a simple house was built then an addition was added on to the back.

The above salt box was built in the 1600s by William Phelps, son of William Phelps the immigrant. The wooden chests are actual chests made for William Phelps the immigrant. A stone monument in Windsor, Connecticut commemorates the founding of Windsor.

William Phelps the immigrant is the only member of the founding fathers listed on this monument as "Mister" indicating a position of prominence. They founded the oldest Congregational Church in Connecticut and the second oldest in the world.

5 William Phelps held the office of Magistrate of Windsor from 1639 to 1649. He married his second wife, Mary Dover. She came over on the same ship, Mary and John, as did William. To this marriage was a son, Timothy, and a daughter, Mary. William Phelps, the immigrant, died July 14, 1672 in his 7 3 year. He was honored and respected by all. He was the father of eight children. His wife died November 27, 1675.
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Nathaniel Phelps was born in England in 1627 the fifth child born to William Phelps the immigrant and Dorothy. He immigrated to the New World with his father and lived in Dorchester, Mass. until 1635 when he moved with his father to the Connecticut River valley. He married Elizabeth Copley in 1650 in Windsor, Connecticut. Elizabeth Copley was listed as an English Lady related to the famous Copleys of Boston. Nathaniel being one of the younger sons, moved with his wife to Northampton, Mass. in 1656. Nathaniel and his son Nathaniel, are clearly listed in the records of the Northampton Historical Society which was located on Bridge Street. Being among the early settlers, Nathaniel Senior owned considerable property as shown on maps of early Northampton. His home as well as his son Nathaniel's home were on Walnut Street side by side. Their property bordered the present Smith College of Northampton and an abandoned St. Michaels Parish School. This area is presently bounded by Trumbel Street (Park). Prospect Street and King Street runs through the old Phelps property. All of the old maps clearly identify the two Phelps'. Nathaniel and Elizabeth had six children. Nathaniel Sr. died May 11,1702 at age of 75 and Elizabeth died December 6, 1713. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Mary, born in Windsor, Conn., June, 1651 Nathaniel, born in Windsor, Conn., June 2 1653, married Grace Martin. Abigail, born in Windsor, Conn., April 5th 1655, lived to be 101, 4 months. William, born in Northampton, Mass., June 2 2 , 1657 Timothy, died unmarried Mercy, died unmarried
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Nathaniel Phelps Jr. (Deacon) moved with his father to Northampton, Mass. in 1656. He married Grace Martin August 11, 1676. Grace Martin was born in England in 1656. She came to the New World after being disappointed in England when her lover married another. After coming to this country she was in danger of being sold for her passage until she found her relatives. She is said to be "a strong woman in mind with discerning judgement" and was held in high esteem. They had ten children. All of the children born to Nathaniel and Grace were born in Northampton. 1. Grace, born November 1 1 , 1677, died 1677 2. Nathaniel, born November 1, 1678, died May 1690 3. Samuel, born December 18 , 1680
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6 4. Lydia, born January 17, 1683 5. Grace, born November 10 1685 6. Elizabeth, born February 19, 1688 7. Abigail, born November, 1690 8. Nathaniel born February 13 , 1692 9. Sarah, born May 8 , 1695 10. Timothy, born 1697, married Abigail Merrick
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Captain Timothy Phelps, born in Northampton, Mass. in 1697 married Abigail Merrick, daughter of Captain John and Mary (Day) Merrick. Abigail was born in Springfield, Mass., April 3, 1702. They settled in Suffield, Conn. He died December 3, 1788, she died August 16, 1791, each in their 90th year. They had eight children. 1. Timothy, born December 2 0 , 1726, died unmarried 2. Grace, born September 1 5 , 1728 3. Abigail, born November 2 2 1731 4. Aaron, born May 4, 1734 5. John, born 1736, married Mary Richardson 6. Mary, born May 20, 1737, died November 1737 7. Seth, born December 1, 1738, died April 2 5 , 1762 unmarried. Graduate of Yale 8. Samuel, born November 27, 1742
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Captain Timothy Phelps' house in Suffield, Conn.

Captain Timothy Phelps' grave

1 visited Captain Timothy Phelps' house while visiting Suffield, Conn. 1 was recovering from a severe headache. I visited the local library and found a book about Suffield. In the book was a picture of a beautiful old house in Suffield built by Captain Timothy Phelps. I asked the librarian if the house was still there. She said it was and it was just down the street. We looked at the house but was nobody there. The next year we returned to Suffield and the lady of the house was home. Astrid T. Hanzalek was a member of the House of Representatives of the State of

7 Connecticut. At that time I was a State Senator from Colorado. Adah and I were invited to view the inside of the house and had a delightful dinner in Suffield with the Hanzaleks. Judge John Phelps, born 1736, in Suffield, married Mary Richardson in 1754. They had nine children. Mary Richardson was the only child of William and Lady Abigail Richardson, of Edinburgh, Scotland. Her parents objected to the marriage because of her age of 15, but with the aid of the servants she slipped away and they were married. During the American Revolution, at great risk due to the prohibition by the British make iron, he set up an iron foundry and made cannon balls for the American Army. Judge Phelps was Justice of the Peace in Stafford Springs, and a delegate to the Connecticut Convention of 1 779 to ratify the Constitution of the United States. He settled in Stafford Springs soon after he was married and died there in 1804. His mother-in-law lived to see her son-in-law honored and respected by all. He was a very influential man. They had nine children, 1 saw both John and his wife's graves in Stafford Springs, Conn. The first U.S. Census in 1795 showed John Phelps having three males over 16 year of age and one male under 16 year of age and four females no ages given. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Esther, born 1756 Timothy, born 1757 David, born 1760 Mary, born March 18 1763 Captain Daniel, born Stafford Springs, 1768 Josiah, born 1768 in Stafford Springs Abigail, born 1769 Samuel Eleanor
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Actual location of John Phelps' iron foundry in Stafford Springs, Connecticut.

8 Josiah Phelps was born in 1768 in Stafford Springs, Conn. In 1 783 he married Roxana Newcomb, daughter of Dr. Silas Newcomb of Somers, Conn. She was born in 1769. They had seven children. I visited the Connecticut State library in Hartford concerning Josiah Phelps. I did find information about Josiah in the book, "Andrew Newcomb and Decendants" reprinted 1923 Tuttle, Morehouse and Taylor. It lists Josiah Phelps married Roxana Newcomb and they had six children. The children listed as John, Silas, Orenda, Sarah, Janet, and Jane. Roxana was the daughter of Doctor Silas Newcomb of Somer, Conn. Josiah Phelps was listed as being born in Stafford Springs, Conn, in 1769 (or 1768). I have found no record of the place of death for Josiah but I am reasonably sure it was Pittsford near Rochester, New York. The census records in Albany, N.Y. lists Josiah in the 1810 and 1820 census of Onterio County, N.Y. and no listing in 1830. He is presumed to have died between 1820 and 1830. Josiah and Roxana appeared to have been married on the 3 1 of January, 1788 in Stafford, Conn. I found both John and Josiah to be listed in Stafford, Conn, in the first United States Census which was carried out in 1795 by order of the new Constitution and was to be taken every ten years beginning with 1800. The first census contained only the head of household the number of males and females, and in some, the number of slaves. There were two males over 16 years of age and two females with no age given. The burial ground near Pittsford, Monroe County, New York had been plowed up by mistake some years ago, so no graves were found. The 1800 census for Stafford Springs recorded Josiah Phelps as having a wife and eight children I was unable to determine how many males and females. After the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, the Western Reserve of Connecticut became the state of Ohio. I visited the Ohio State Historical Society in Columbus, Ohio and reviewed the 1820 census. Silas Phelps was one of Josiah Phelps' sons. Silas was named after Roxana's father,
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Doctor Silas Newcomb. I found the Doctor's grave in Somer, Connecticut In the 1830 Ohio

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Census, I found Silas Newcomb Phelps of Portage County. The census listed one male under age five, one male between 30 and 40, one female under five, one female between 5 and 10, and one female between 20 and 30. There was also one female between 60 and 70. Now Silas Newcomb Phelps son of Josiah Phelps, was presumed to have been born in either Connecticut or New York. He married Clarenda Williams. He was born June 10 1800 and she was born August 13 1805. The Ohio census of 1830 lists Silas Phelps between 30 and 40 years old (he being just over 30) and a female between 20 and 30 years old. Clarenda would have been 25 years old. The female between 60 and 70 would have been Roxana Newcomb Phelps, Silas's mother. You now see the value of the national census.
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The 1840 census of Ohio shows the same family now living in Medina, County. Between 1830 and 1840 several new counties had been added to the state of Ohio. The 1840 county census showed a male between 5 and 10, a male between 40 and 50, a female under 5, two females between 5 and 10, one female 10 to 15, and one female between 30 and 40. The older female, Roxana Newcomb Phelps, probably died and one female must have left home. According to the listing of Silas Newcomb Phelps' children we find that the following children by 1840. The 1840 census was then listing members by name. 1. Mary Jane November born 14 1824 2. Betsey E. born April 2 4 1826 3. Josiah W. August born 17 1828 4. Orenda born October 4 1831 5. Sarah , born May 2 6 1834 6. Martha, born July 2 1 1838
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If one assumed that Mary Jane was over 16 by the 1840 census and out of the home, there would be one male and four female children which matches the census. In the 1830 census there would have been one male and two female children which matches. The only error would be the age on the census of 1840 which should list one male between 10 and 15 instead of between 5 and 10. The Ohio 1850 census does not list this same family. I presume they had moved on to Illinois before 1850 and should by this time be listed in the 1850 Illinois census. The remaining six children were born in Ohio or in Illinois between the 1840 and 1850 census. 7. Silas N., born September 2 5 1840 8. William R., born April 16 1843 9. Clarenda D., born April 12 1845 10. Jay, born March 7 1847 11. Charles A., born July 2 5 1848 12. Mary M. died.
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We know Silas Newcomb Phelps moved into Illinois sometime after the 1840 Ohio census. We also know that a number of his children lived around Rockford, Illinois and Winnebago, Illinois We have photographs of Silas Newcomb Phelps taken in Chicago at a photo studio on State Street in Chicago. This photo was not a tin type as most photos were at that time.

Silas Newcomb Phelps photo taken in 1870s Josiah W. Phelps, son of Silas Newcomb Phelps, married Mary Range. (They had 15 children). Josiah W. Phelps, was born in Ohio. He was the third child, probably born in Medina County which was near the present Cleveland, Ohio. After the 6th child was born, Silas Newcomb Phelps moved to Illinois after the 1840s census. Josiah lived with his father near Winnebago, Illinois. I believe Josiah married Mary Range in Illinois. According to my father, Harvey Jay Phelps, he or his son Lorenzo tried to homestead up in the Dakotas but returned to Illinois. Josiah and Mary Range Phelps place of death and burial were known and news clippings about their deaths are not available to me at this time.

11 1. Aurenda, born 2. Amanda, born Married James Bishop Married Peter Seals 1 boy and 1 girl 7 Children 4 boy 4 girls and 1 boy 2nd marriage Mr. Lamb,

Amanda

Ella Maria

3. Julanna, bom 4. Unknown 5. Lorenzo Henry, born, June 22, 1857 Winnebago Ill. died 1929 married Mary Jane Sager born, July 20, 1861 Forest County Pennsylvania, died Sunday January 10, 1938 married 20, 1879 in Red Cloud, Nebraska, 6 Children, 5 boys and 1 girl

6. 7. 8. 9.

Ida, bom, died married, Will Palmer 1877, two girls Mary, born died married George Felton born died 2 boys and 1 girl Loretta, born, died married John McAvoy Oklahoma 3 children Ella Maria, bom Jan 18, 1864, died January 10 1924, age 59, married Junius Gardner, 1 boy, Junius Raymond Gardner, bom March 12, 1900 10. William, born 1866, died, married Martha Jones, 2 boys and 1 girl, Oklahoma 11. Sarah born, died age 10 12. Silas J. born 1870, died, married Alice 2 children 13 Jeannette, born 1872 died, Married Edward Miles, 4 children 14. Kingsley, born died Married McAroy, 1 boy and 1 girl 15, Martha, born 1877, died married Edward Stoner, 4 children Mr. Stoner died September 16, 1915
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Josiah and Mary Range Phelps in the 1870s

Josiah and Mary Range Phelps in 1900s

Lorenzo Henry (L.H.) apparently moved to Kansas with or without his father Josiah some time before the age of 22. He married Mary Ann Sager August 20th 1879. Mary Ann was born in Forest County, Pennsylvania on the 20th of July, 1861. Her father, Jacob Sager, served in the Union Army and was in both battles of Bull Run and the battle of Gettysburg. Most of this was after Mary Ann was born. Both Lorenzo and Mary Ann's families lived in Smith County . My father told me about feeling the minnie ball his grandfather Sager carried in his cheek he received at Gettysburg.

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They were married in Red Cloud, Nebraska which was about ten or so miles from where the couple lived in Kansas. I do know that Jacob Sager was living in Smith County, Kansas. In reviewing the data in the Historical records in Topeka, Kansas about the time the Sagers and the Phelps' moved into Kansas, the western half of Kansas was Arapahoe County. By the time Lorenzo and Mary Ann were married there were an additional 20 counties added in place of Arapahoe County. There is no Arapahoe County in Kansas. This shows how fast Kansas was being populated following the Civil War and how hard it is to trace ancestors at this time. To the marriage of Lorenzo and Mary Ann was bom six children, five boys and one girl. 1. Harvey Jay, born June 19, 1880 in Smith County (1 mile from the geographical center of the . lower U.S. states). Died March 3l, 1959, Fowler, Colorado 2. Guy Elwin, born December 3, 1881 in Smith County 3. Raymond Elmer, bom June 7, 1883 in Winnebago, Illinois. Apparently Lorenzo moved back to Illinois at this time. There is some confusion as to whether L.H or Josiah tried to homestead in South Dakota. I do know that one or the other went to Dakota and found it not to their liking and moved back.

Photo taken in Rockford, Illinois Harvey, Guy, and baby Raymond

Harvey, L.H. Mary Ann, Guy Raymond, Mabel, Ernest, Winnie Alden

4. Ernest Harland, born December 1, 1884 in Smith County, Kansas 5. Mabel Vivian, born September 24, 1890 in Smith County, Kansas 6. Winnie Alden, born February 11, 1893 in Smith County, Kansas

14 The L.H. family moved to Fowler, Colorado in 1896. The four older boys and L.H. moved from Smith County, Kansas to Fowler by wagon and Mary Ann and the two younger children came by train. My grandmother mentioned the severe grasshoppers and drought drove them out. Several families came across the prairie in wagons at the same time. I heard my father mention the Dunton and the Beckstead families. L.H. apparently had a little money for soon after arriving in Fowler they built a two story house which is still standing.

1st house in Fowler

"old place" with Mrs L.H. Phelps

L.H. had 15 or 20 acres on which he planted fruit trees. They had irrigation water from the Oxford Canal. Times were hard and L.H. and the two older boys used to work part time on various farms including that of Mr. Henry Fosdick who was a large land owner (surveyor of the city of Colorado Springs and the area around Pueblo).

L.H Phelps with famous French coach horses

L.H. (3rd from left) with Velie Auto on top of sky line Drive, Canon City, CO, with Knights of Pythias

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L.H. and Mary Ann Phelps in 1920s

Tina Sager Furlong and sister Mary Ann Sager Phelps

Picnic at Beulah, Colorado 1920s Front row, left to right, Lloyd Phelps, Chester Phelps, lone Blakeslee, Mabel Phelps Blakeslee, Twinet with Charles (baby) and Harvey W. Phelps Back row, L.H. Phelps, Laura Spargur with Mary, Henry Spargur with Dorothy, Myrtle and Ernest Phelps, Thelma Felton, Mary Ann Phelps

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Front row left to right:

Family reunion Chester Phelps, Lloyd Phelps, Helen Phelps, Juanita Phelps

Back row: George Felton, L.H. Phelps, Mary Felton, Nellie Phelps, Twinet Phelps with baby Harvey W. Phelps, Laura Spargur, Myrtle Phelps, Mary Ann Phelps, Ernest Phelps, Georgia Felton, Ray Raymond Phelps, Thelma Felton.

Four Generations, Josiah, Harvey (back), Chester, And L.H. all Phelps'

Harvey Jay Phelps and sons Charles, Harvey W., Chester