UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESMENTS
1.1
Evolution of drawing, system and standardization
Level 1 Narrate the development of Engineering Drawing. Explain the current development of Computer Aided Drafting (CAD). Identify the classification of the projection systems. Identify the importance of standardization. State the agencies related to standardization.
Gather charts/graphic materials about engineering Prepare materials to explain current development of Computer –Aided Drafting (CAD). Prepare classification projection systems about charts. Provide examples to expose students the importance of standardization and its related agencies. Appendix 1/1 Classification of the project systems
• • •
Discuss career prospects in Engineering Drawing. Students observe and compare CAD on CAD drawing In groups, students discuss the importance of standardization and its related agencies.
Resources: Samples of Engineering Drawing, CAD, illustration and finearts. Drawing equipment and materials
1.2
Definition and importance of Engineering Drawing Comparison of Engineering Drawing, illustration and finearts
Level 1 Define Engineering Drawing. Relate the importance of Engineering Drawing as a basis for higher learning in the fields of engineering. Relate engineering drawing in career opportunity. Compare engineering drawing to illustration and fine arts.
Prepare charts to define engineering drawing and its relations. Gather and exhibit samples of Engineering Drawing, Illustration and FineArts. Appendix 1/2 Sample of Building Drawing
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Gather captions of news papers/magazines related to engineering drawing Compare Engineering Drawing, Illustration and FineArt
Resources: Samples of Engineering Drawing, illustration and finearts.
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1.3
Types of Engineering Drawing Geometrical Drawing Plane Geometry Solid Geometry Related Drawings Mechanical Drawing Building Drawing Piping Drawing Electrical Drawing Electronic Drawing
Level 1 Explain the different types of Engineering Drawingas on charts Differentiate Geometrical Drawing to othher related drawings. Explain the Geometrical to other Drawing related drawings.
Prepare Fraction Charts of plane geometry and solid geometry. Distribute and explain samples of geometrical and other related drawings. Appendix 1/3 Charts of plane geometry and solid geometry
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Compare Plane Geometry drawings and Solid Geometry Drawings. Link the related drawings to engineering.
Resources: Fraction chart of Engineering Drawing
1.4
Equipments and materials Usage maintenance and safety of drawing equipments and drawing materials
Level 1 Identify equipments and related drawing materials. Practise maintaining equipmens and drawing materials. Use appropriate equipments and drawing materials safety and accurately
Demonstrate and introduce actual drawing equipment and materials. Explain proper application and maintenance of equipments. Appendix 1/4 Basic equipments for Engineering Drawing
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Students name the equipments. Using/handling the equipments /tools correctly Using TSquare to construct horizontal line. Using set square to construct vertical and inclined lines. Using compass and french curve to construct curve and arc. Using eraser shield to erase unnecessary text and lines
Resources: Drawing equipments and materials.
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1.5
Setting up of drawing paper Geometrical drawing
Level 1 Set up drawing paper on the drawing board. Prepare border lines and title block.
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Geometrical plane Geometrical block
Plan the drawing position on the drawing paper.
Prepare a sample paper work of drawing complete with borders and title block. • Demonstrate how to divide drawing paper with borders, title blocks and drawing layout accurately. Appendix 1/5 Setting up drawing paper on drawing board Appendix 1/6 Planning position of drawing
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Place paper on drawing board. Draw border and title block areas. Plan drawing layout.
1.6
Careers
Level 1 • Identify related career to Engineering Drawing.
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Prepare video recordings, career pamphlets and brochures that expolain related careers.
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Watch video recordings. Gather captions of newspapers/magazines related to career opportunities.
Resources: Career pamphlets and brochures.
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UNIT 2 : SKETCHING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES ASSESSMENTS
2.1
Principles of Sketching
Level 1 • Explain principles of sketching.
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Explain correct principles of sketching.
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Students conscientiously correct principles of sketching. Resources: 1. Grid paper. 2. Samples of sketches.
2.2
Sketching Techniques a. Straight lines b. Circles, arcs and curves c. Shapes Level 1 • Sketch straight lines, circles, arcs, curves and shapes correctly.
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Explain thecorrecttechnique of sketching. Demonstrate methods of sketching  straight line  circle  arc line  curve line  show the sketch on blank and grid paper
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Sketch on grid paper. Sketch on blank paper. Activities: Sketching on grid paper. Techniques: 1. Holding a pencil. 2. Making approximate proportions
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2.3
Techniques in Determining Proportion
Level 1 • Determine sketching proportions correctly.
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Demonstrate correct methods of making estimation of proportional diagram. Prepare samples of full size sketching and proportion. Demonstrate methods of making estimation Prepare sketching samples Orthographic Projection Isometric, Oblique and Perspectives Explain and distribute sketching samples of Orthographic Projection Isometric, Oblique and Perspectives
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Estimate proportional sketching diagram.
• • 2.4 Types of Sketches a. b. c. d. Orthographic Projection Isometric Oblique Perspective Level 1 • Identify types of sketches. Orthographic Projection Isometric Oblique Perspective
Sketch straight lines, circle, arc, curve and shapes.
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Observe samples and listen to explanation about sketching.
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UNIT 3 : LINES AND LETTERINGS
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
3.1
Alphabet of Lines a. Object line b. Hidden line c. Centre line d. Border line e. Construction line f. Guide line g. Dimensional line h. Sectioning line i. Extension line j. Cutting plane k. Projection line l. Phantom line
Level 1 • Identify alphabet of lines and their application in Engineering Drawing • • Prepare transparencies or charts to show different type of lines and their usage. Explain and demonstrate different type of line and their usage in Engineering Drawing. • Identify alphabet of lines and their usages in Engineering Drawing.
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3.2
Characteristics of alphabet of lines a. Shapes b. Line darkness c. Application
Level 1 • Identify and apply correct characteristics of alphabet of lines.
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Prepare sample charts or transparencies of characteristics of alphabet of line. Explain and demonstrate steps to construct alphabet of lines accurately
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Draw the different lines accurately base on the following characteristics  Shape  Darkness  Application
3.3
Types of lines a. Vertical lines b. Horizontal lines c. Inclined lines d. Parallel lines e. Perpendicular lines
Level 1 • Draw parallel lines (vertical, horizontal, inclined and perpendicular lines) with uniform. Darkness and gauge using appropriate drawing equipments.
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Prepare sample charts or transparencies of type of lines Construct and demonstrate correct methods to draw straight lines (vertical, horizontal, inclined and perpendicular) with uniform darkness and thickness using standard drawing instruments.
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Use TSquare to construct vertical lines and inclined lines Use TSquare and set square to construct Horizontal lines Use TSquare and set square to construct perpendicular lines Use TSquare and set square to construct inclined lines
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3.4 3.5
Types of Lettering Techniques of Lettering
Level 1 • Identify shapes of letters • Standard upright lettering • • • Standard inclined lettering Write letters with correct lettering technique using guidelines Apply appropriate spacing between letters and between words.
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Prepare examples of charts or transparencies on types of letterings Explain shapes of upright lettering and inclined letterings Using guide line to produce standard lettering to apply correct technique to produce standard letterings Explain and demonstrate type of lines and their usages in Engineering Drawings
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Follow standard lettering guide lines using guide lines to produce standard lettering Use correct technique to produce standard lettering sizes
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3.6
Tracing and Inking a. Instrument and Inking I. tracing paper ii. Technical pen b. Tracing and inking methods
Level 1 • Identify instrument and materials. • Explain correct tracing and inking methods.
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Prepare actual tracing and inking materials Explain correct tracing and inking methods
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Observe correct tracing and inking materials
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UNIT 4 : GEOMETRY LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
4.1
Graphic elements a. b. c. Concept of point Concept of line Concept of plane
Level 1 • Explain basic concepts of point, line and plane.
Prepare transparencies of graphic element Explain and display types of common points used in geometrical drawing: Straight line intersecting straight line. Straight line intersecting curved line Curved line intersecting curved line Explain line concept, i.e, a point that moves evenly (straight line) or moves unevenly (curved line) Explain plane concept, i.e., a flat surface of various shapes but of no thickness . Use a piece of paper as example of a sample plane Appendix 4/1: Method of marking points and types of lines
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Mark the type of points Construct a line from a point to another point
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4.2
Lines a. Construction of lines b. Division of lines
Level 1 • Construct various types of lines  Parallel lines.  Perpendicular lines. • Divide lines according to given criteria:  Bisect a line.  Divide into equal division.  Divide according to given ratio.
Show a few example of pictures that show parallel line as in:  Fence grill  Stadium track Explain parallel lines concept. Demonstrate how parallel line can be constructed by T square and set square. Demonstrate how to construct perpendicular line on horizontal, vertical and inclination lines Demonstrate how to divide a line into two equal lengths and divide them into variouslengths. Demonstrate how to divide lines.
Understand the plane concept. Construct horizontal, vertical and incline parallel lines using various drawing instruments. Construct perpendicular line on horizontal, vertical and inclination lines Construct the parallel line on a perpendicular line. Use geometrical method to divide the line given into two parts. Divide a line into several parts of the same length . Divide a line based on ratio given.
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4.3
Angles a. Type of angles b. Construction of angles c. Division of angles
Level 1 • Identify various type of angles. • Construct various type of angles. • Divide angles into equal parts. • Transferring angles.
Explain types of angle and their characteristics and also examples of angle:  Right angle  Obtuse angle  Acute angle  Complementary angle  Explementary angle  Reflex angle • Demonstrate how to construct 90º,60º ,30º,15º and 75ºangles using geometrical/plane methods. • Demonstratehow to divide angles. • Demonstrate how to divide the same angle can be transferred to another location. Appendix 4/2 Types of angle
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• • • • •
Construct various type of angles by combining 30º,45º, 60º set squares. Use geometrical method to construct 90º,60º,30º,15º and 75º angles. Divide an angle into two equal parts. Use set square to divide 180º angle into six parts. Use set square to divide 360º angle into 12 parts Transfer angle to new location.
4.4
Triangles a. Types and characteristics of triangles b. Construction of triangles
Level 1 • Identify types and characteristics of triangles:  Equilateral  Isosceles  Right triangle  Scalene
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On charts prepare types of triangle. Appendix 4/3 Triangular terms
• •
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Demonstrate how to construct various triangles :  Three sided  Two sided and an Included angle or based angle
Identify types and characteristics of triangle on worksheet given. Construct various triangle:  Three sided  Two sided and an included angle.  Base and two based angles.
Resources: Types and characteristics of triangle chart
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Teachers Guide Book  Two sided and a based angle  Base and two based angles
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Construct triangles based on given criteria: Three sides. Two sides and one angle. Two sides and one included angle. Two sides and base angle.
Level 2 •
Base and two base angles.
• Demonstrate how to construct triangles using three median method. • • • • • Use given perimeter and side proportion to construct triangles. Use given right angle, hypotenuse and a side to construct triangle. Use given base length, angle and vertex to construct triangle. Use given base length, vertex angle and height to construct triangle. Use given perimeter, height and vertex to construct triangle.
Construct triangles based on given criteria: Perimeter and side proportion. Right angle, hypotenuse and one side. Base, one angle and vertex angle. Base, vertex angle and height. Perimeter, height and vertex angle.
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Level 3 • Construct triangles based on:  three medians • Demonstrate how to construct triangles using the criteria given. • Use three medians given to construct triangle.
4.5
Quadrilaterals a. Types and characteristics of quadrilateral b. Construction of quadrilaterals
Level 1 • Identify types and characteristics of quadrilaterals: Square Rectangle Parallelogram Rhombus Trapezium Kite shape • Construct square and rectangle based on given criteria:  Sides  Diagonal • Construct parallelogram given two adjacent sides:  Included angles  Diagonal • Construct rhombus based on given criteria:  Sides  Angles
Explain and display charts or trenparencies types and characteristics of rectangle Explain side and diagonal of quadrilateral plane Explain methods to construct various type of quadrilateral
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•
With a side and diagonal measurement given, construct a square and a rectangle With adjacent sides given , construct a parallelogram and dimension of the following:  Include angle  Diagonal
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•
Construct a rhombhus when sides and angles are given
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4.6
Polygons a. Types and characteristics of polygons b. Construction of regular polygons
Level 1 • Identify types of:  Regular polygons  Irregular polygons • Construct regular pentagon based on given criteria:  Sides  Circumscribed circle. Construct regular hexagon based on given criteria:  Sides  Length across flats  Length across corners.
• • •
On charts/transparencies explain and exhibit types and characteristics of polygon. Explain the differences between regular and irregular polygons. Demonstrate methods to construct regular pentagon, hexagon and octagon.
• • • • • •
•
Construct a regular pentagon with given length of one side Construct a regular pentagon in circumscribed circle. Construct a regular hexagon with given length of one side Construct a regular hexagon with length across flats. Construct a regular hexagon with given Length across corners given. Construct a regular octagon with one side given. Construct a regular octagon in circumscribed circle. Construct a regular octagon in a square given.
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• •
Resources: Types and characteristics polygon chart.
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4.7
Scale a. Types of scale b. Ways of stating scale c. Application of scale ruler
Level 1 • Identify types of scale: Common scale Diagonal scale • Mention scale by:  Ratio  Fraction  Statement Level 2 Use correct technique of scale ruler with certain ratio.
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•
Explain types of scale commonly used and ways to state them. Guided by a map scale, explain how scale is used. Show actual scale rule and explain how to read the scale on the ruler. Explain how to measure using a scale rule. State that scale can also be done by ratio representative fraction and statement. (This can be done on charts or orally) Distribute scale ruler for observation and discussion in groups. Explain and demonstrate two plane diagrams of asimilar shapes but different in sizes. Explain and differentiate the two plane diagrams; being similar but with differences in side length or areas Explain the differences of reduction or enlargement as in side ratio and area ratio and their relations. Demonstrate methods to construct
•
Students discuss and observe the scales line on scale rulers group.
Resources: Scale ruler
4.8
Reduction and Enlargement
Level 1 • Explain the concept of reduction and enlargement. • Differentiate the reduction or enlargement between side ratio and area ratio. Construct by reduced or enlarged plane diagram
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• •
Draw enlarged or reduced plane diagram based on given side ratio. Draw enlarged or reduced plane diagram based on given area ratio.
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•
•
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Teachers Guide Book with: given side ratio. reduced or enlarged plane diagram based on given area ratio
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Level 2
•
Construct by reduced or enlarged plane diagram with given:  Area ratio.
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Demonstrate methods to construct reduced or enlarged plane diagram based on given area ratio Appendix 4/4 Enlargement / reduction concept of side ratio.
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Construct by enlarged or reduced of same plane diagram based on given area ratio.
4.9
Figure of Equal Area a. Concept of area according to stage of transformation
Level 1 • Explain the concept of equal area. • Identify diagrammatic transformation of shape of equal area. • Construct various diagram of equal area.  Polygon to triangle.  Triangle to rectangle.  Rectangle to square. Level 2 • Construct various diagrams of equal area. • Triangle to triangle with one
Explain equal area concept for triangles and quadrilaterals of the same base located between two parallel lines. • Demonstrate how to change a shape of a triangle to rectangle. • Demonstrate how to construct rectangle to square of equal area. • Demonstrate how polygon are change into triangle of equal area. • Distribute worksheets to students. • Explain and demonstrate how to construct triangle with one given side. • Explain and demonstrate how to construct a rectangle to another
•
•
Construct diagrams of equal area:  Triangle to another triangle with one of its side given.  Triangle to rectangle.  Rectangle to square. Construct a triangle of equal area to another triangle with one given side. Construct a quadrilateral side equal area to another quadrilateral with a given side. Construct a quadrilateral of equal area as a polygon.
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Teachers Guide Book rectangle with one given side. Appendix 4/5 An equal area diagram
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side given. Quadrilateral to quadrilateral with one side given.
•
Develop sequential transformation of polygon to square.
4.10
Circles a. Terms and characteristics of circles b. Construction of circles and arcs
Level 1 • Identify terms and characteristics of circles. • Determine centre of circle or arcs using two chords. Construct a circle or arcs based on given criteria:  Radius  Diameter  3 points.
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•
Use transparencies or graphic materials to explain terms and characteristics of circles. Explain and show how teo cords can determine centre of circle or arc. Explain and show how to construct a circle based on criteria given:  Radius  Diameter  3 points.
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•
Use two chords method to determine centre of a circle or an arc. Students draw a circle based on the criteria given.
Resources: Chart of terms and characteristics of circle
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Teachers Guide Book Appendix 4/6 Circle
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4.11
Ellipse And Parabola a. Characteristics of ellipse and parabola b. Construction of ellipse c. Construction of parabola
Level 1 • • • • Identify the characteristics of ellipse and parabola. Construct ellipse using concentric circle method. Construct parabola using rectangular method. Identify the difference between ellipse and parabola.
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• •
Use transparencies /graphic materials to explain characteristics of ellipse, parabola and their differences. Demonstrate how to construct ellipse by concentric circle method. Demonstrate how to construct parabola by rectangular method
• • •
Construct ellipse with major and minor axis length given. Construct ellipse in rectangle. Construct parabola by rectangular method.
Resources: Model representation of ellipse and parabola.
Appendix 4/7 Ellipse, parabola and hyperbola • •
4.1 2
Tangents a. Concepts and characteristics of tangent b. Construction of line tangential to a circle c. Construction of circle tangential to a line d. Construction of circle tangential to
Level 1 • Explain the concepts and characteristics of tangency  Tangent between line and circle.  Tangent between circle and another circle. Explain the concept of tangent line (straight line touching to circle or curve). Explain the concept of tangent line on two curves or two circles. Explain the concept when internal and external of two circles touch each other. Explain and show methods to construct a tangent ial circle Draw a circle tangential to a line
• • •
Resources: 1. Video show/CDROM related to tangent. 2. Illustrations related to tangent.
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Teachers Guide Book a circle Level 2 • Locate the point of tangency:  Between circle and line. Appendix 4/8 Tangent and point of tangency Explain and show how to construct a circle tangential to two lines. • Explain and show how to construct a line tangential to a circle. • touching a straight line. • • • • • Draw a circle tangential to two lines. Draw a line tangential to a circle. Draw a common tangential line touching two outer circles externally. Draw an inner common tangential line. Draw two circles tangential to a line.
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Between two lines and circle. Between a line and two circles (inside or outside). Between two circles touching internally or externally. Between straight line and two circles internally or externally.
• • • •
Draw a common tangent line touching outer two circles externally. Explain and show how to construct a common tangential line on inner. Explain and show how to construct two circles tangential to a line Explain and show how to construct a circle through a point and tangential to a line at a point given. Explain and show how to construct a circle through point Pand tangential to two lines. Explain and show how to construct a circle touching another outer circle. Explain and show how to construct a circle touching another inner circle.
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Construct a line tangential to: A point on the circumference of a circle. A point outside a circle. Construct a circle tangential to: A line given the radius of the circle. Two lines given the radius of the circle. Construct a circle tangential
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Explain and show how to construct a tangential circle touching another outer circle at T and through point P. Explain and show how to construct a tangential circle that touches the outer side of another circle through point P
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•
Draw a circle through a point and tangential to a given line and point specified. Draw a circle through point P and tangential to two lines. Draw a circle touching another on outer circle. Draw a circle touching another inner circle. Draw a tangential circle touching another outer circle at T and through point P outside the circle. Draw a circle touching another circle
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to: another circle • • outside circle. Explain and show how to construct a circle touching another circle and line at point P. Explain and distribute question worksheet related to tangent. • and a line at point P. Apply concepts and characteristics of tangent to complete exercises on worksheets.
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and tangential to it externally. another circle and tangential to it internally. Two other circles and tangential to both internally. Two other circles and tangential to both externally.
Level 3 • Construct a circle tangential to:  another circle through the given point internally.  another circle through the given point externally.
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UNIT 5 : COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING ( CAD ) I
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
5.1
Introduction to CAD a. Facilities of CAD System b. Advantage and Disadvantage of CAD c. CAD Software
Level 1 • Define CAD. • Identify the facilities of CAD system. • Use PC Hardware  Input device  Output device  Printer  Plotter • Explain tadvantages and disadvantages of CAD compared to the conventional method. Level 2 • Familiarize with CAD Software and its functions.
•
Distribute notes; Defination of CAD (Computer Aided Drafting).  Computer hardware (output device, input, printer and plotter).  Example of AutoCAD drawing.  Example of conventional drawing. Explain and demonstrate actual hardware. Explain and present prepared simple diagram of AutoCAD drawing.  Demonstration showing advantages of Auto CAD. Discuss advantages and 
• •
Students define CAD. Students prepare a list of input hardwares such as;  Scanner  Digitizer Pen  Keyboard  Mouse Students prepare a list of output hardwares:  Printer and plotter  LCD Projector Students list an dvantages of AutoCAD:  Easy editing and modification.  Accuracy  Basic symbol aid (template) Sizes or scales easily convereted.  Direction of view could be on any angle. 21
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Teachers Guide Book disadvantages of conventional drawing and CAD system. Distribute fundamental notes of AutoCAD and its functions. • • Block shapes could be reconstructed. Disadvantages of AutoCAD:  Higher cost.  Less drafting skills. Students list the type of CAD softwares.
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5.2
AutoCAD Software Commands Management
Level 1 • Use drawing file command :  New  Open  Limit  Qsave  Quit/Exit/End • Use Auto CAD Software command: a. Drawing  Line  Circle  Erase  Oops  Arc b. Modify  Erase  Trim c. Osnap  Tangent  Center  Perpendicular
•
Distribute commands notes “AutoCAD file operation”. Appendix 5/1 Display of pulldown menu – file operation commands.
• •
Students use AutoCAD file operation commands. Students use AutoCAD software commands as listed
•
Use pulldown menu and icon to explain Auto CAD software.Explain AutoCAD software commands using pulldown menu and icon.  Drawing  Modify  Osnap Appendix 5/2 Display of pulldown menu – AutoCAD software Drawing commands. Appendix 5/3 Display of pulldown menu – 22
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Teachers Guide Book Mid Other Osnap Command AutoCAD software Modify commands. Appendix 5/4 Display of pulldown menu – AutoCAD software Osnap commands.
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5.3
AutoCAD application in producing simple plane diagram
Level 2 • Construct simple plane diagram using familiarized command.
• •
Charts or transperancies of simple plane diagrams. Distribute notes of AutoCAD drawing steps as learned. Appendix 5/5 Simple plane diagram.
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Students draw based on acquired instruction and follow the steps given.
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UNIT 6 : ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
6.1
Concepts and Symbols of First and Third Angle Projections
Level 1 • Explain the concepts and symbols of first and third angle projections.
• •
Demonstrate and explain first and third angles projection of solid models on chart/ s transparencies. Demonstrate and explain symbols of first and third angles projection. Appendix 6/1 First and third angles projection symbols.
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•
Compare and construct concepts and symbols of first and third angles projection. Draw first and third angles projection symbols.
Resources: Related solid models. • Draw Orthographic Projection of simple solid.
6.2 Principle of Quadrants in the First and Third Angle Projections Level 2 • Explain the principle of quadrants in the first and third angle projections. • Demonstrate on transparencies principles of quadrant for first and third angles projection. • Compare first and third angles projection principle.
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Appendix 6/2 Principles of quadrant on projections plane.
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6.3
Construction of Third Angle Orthographic Projection
Level 1 • Construct third angle orthographic projection of geometrical solids as follows: solid flat surface only solid inclined surface solid circle surface Level 2 • Construct third angle orthographic projection of geometrical solids as follows: Solid with oblique surface Solid with curve surface
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Demonstrate method of constructing flat, inclined and circle surfaces by third angles orthographic projection. Appendix 6/3 Sample of orthographic projection.
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Construct flat, inclined and circle surface drawings by orthographic projection.
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Construct and demonstrate orthographic projection of geometrical solid on oblique and solid curve surfaces. Appendix 6/4 Inclined and curve surface of orthographic projection drawings.
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Construct oblique and curve surfaces by orthographic projection.
6.4
Dimensioning of Orthographic Projections Concept and use of dimensioning a. Components of
Level 1 • Explain the concept and dimensioning in orthographic projections: Unidirectional system
•
Prepare orthographic drawing handouts. Explain concept and component of
• •
•
Compare the unidirectional system to aligned system dimensioning. Dimensioning the orthographic drawing using:
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b. dimensioning Types of dimension Aligned system • dimensions. Demonstrate and explain methods of  unidirectional system  aligned system  unidirectional system  aligned system
LEARNING AREA c. Techniques of dimensioning •
LEARNING OUTCOMES Use extension line dimension line, arrow head and leaders according to standard guidelines Identify types of dimension: size location radius circle angle text
TEACHING ACTIVITIES Appendix 6/5 Dimensional Number Settlement System
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
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Level 2 • Apply dimensioning techniques on Orthographic Projection Drawing. 6.5 Application of Orthographic Projection in engineering field Level 1 • Apply orthographic projection in engineering fields.
•
On charts/ graphic materials demonstrate how orthographic projection drawing are used in engineering as in Mechanical Drawing, Building Drawing , etc.
•
In groups students observe and discuss how orthographic drawing are applied in engineering .
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 7 : ADDITIONAL VIEWS LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS • • Study Study conscientiously concept of additional views. Link orthographic projection to additional views.
7.1
Concepts of Additional Views
Level 1 • • Explain the concepts of Additional View. Differentiate between Additional View and Orthographic Projection. Prepare sample drawing to explain concepts of additional views. Appendix 7/1 Auxiliary views of depth • Prepare/collect samples of additional view and orthographic projection drawing •
Resources: 1. Orthographic projection drawing of solid having inclined surface. 2. Model of solid having inclined surface
7.2
Types of Additional Views a. b. Auxiliary view Revolved view
Level 1 • Explain different types of additional views Auxiliary view Revolved view
• •
Explain types of additional views: Auxiliary views Revolve views Explain and compare auxiliary views with revolved views. Appendix 7/2 Compare of auxiliary view and revolved view
•
Study conscientiously type of of additional views.  Auxiliary view  Revolving vie • Compare auxiliary view with revolve view
•
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Teachers Guide Book
• Appendix7/3 Compare of additional view and revolved view. Appendix 7/4 Compare of additional view and orthographic view.
•
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
7.3
Construction of Auxiliary Views
Level 2 • Construct auxiliary views for geometrical solid based on :  auxiliary views of Height  auxiliary views of Width  auxiliary views of Depth • Use of auxiliary views to determine  True length  True angle  True shape
• •
Explain and show the methods to draw Auxiliary Views of height, width and depth. Explain and show the methods to determine :  True length  True angle  True shape Appendix 7/5 True length of lines
• •
Draw auxiliary views of Height, Width and Depth based on exercises given Determine the true length based on exercises given.
Appendix 7/6 True length, true angle and true shape
7.4
Application of Auxiliary Views in engineering field
Level 3 • Use of Auxiliary views in engineering fields. • Use charts / transparencies to show how auxiliary views are used in engineering fields. 28
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 8 : ISOMETRIC DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
8.1
Concepts of Isometric Drawing a. Isometric axis b. Characteristics of Isometric Drawing
Level 1 • Explain the concept of Isometric:  normal axis  horizontal axis  reversed axis • Identify Isometric Drawing characteristics:  isometric line  nonisometric line  angle in isometric  circle in isometric  curve in isometric
•
•
•
Explain Isometric Projection concept. Appendix 8/1 Isometric Projection Concept Explain isometric axes:  Normal axis  Longitudinal axis  Reversed axis Appendix 8/2 Isometric Axis Demonstrate characteristics of isometric drawing  Isometric lines  Non Isometric lines  Isometric angle  Isometric circle  Curves in isometric  Arcs/circles in isometric  Isometric planes  Non isometric planes
• •
Students draw diagram related to isometric projection concept. Students identify and differentiate various types of isometric axis  Normal/regular axis  Longitudinal axis  Reversed axis Identify isometric drawing characteristics. Resources: 1. Samples of drawings 2. Model from various engineering fields.
•
•
Draw Isometric Drawing from Orthographic Projections.
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Teachers Guide Book Appendix 8/3 Characteristics of Isometric drawing Assess isometric drawing produced.
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
8.2
Construction of Isometric Drawing on Normal Axis a. Box method b. Frame method
Level 1 • Construct Isometric Drawing of geometrical solid by:  Box method  Frame method • Construct isometric circles using fourcentre method. • Construct curves in isometric plane using coordinate method. • Construct Isometric Drawing of geometrical solid having surfaces:  Flat  Inclined  Rounded Level 2 • Construct Isometric Drawing of geometrical solid having:
•
•
Demonstrate and describe methods to construct isometric drawing by  Box method  Frame method Appendix 8/4 Isometric construction method. Demonstrate and explain ways to construct  Isometric circle/arc using four centred method.  Isometric curve using ordinate method. Appendix 8/5 Methods of constructing isometric circle and curve. Demonstrate and explain ways to determine position of Isometric Drawing from the angle given. Appendix 8/6
• • • • •
Students draw simple block using box and frame method. Students draw isometric circle/arc using four centred method. Students draw using coordinate method. Students identify and determine direction of isometric drawing. Students draw isometric drawing of block with flat, inclined and round surfaces.
•
•
Students construct isometric drawing on block with oblique curved surface using frame 30
ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
Teachers Guide Book oblique surface curved surface • Isometric drawing Demonstrate and explain ways to draw isometric drawing on block/solid with flat, inclined and round surfaces. • method. Students construct isometric drawing of correct orientation view.
LEARNING AREA
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8.3
Dimensioning of Isometric Drawing
Level 1 • Dimension Isometric Drawing. • Explain and demonstrate method of dimensioning Isometric drawing on board/ transparencies. • Dimensioning Isometric Drawing based on alligned and unidirectional system.
8.4
Application of Isometric Drawing in engineering field
Level 2 • Construct Isometric Drawing including exploded view of objects or components from various engineering field. • Explain and demonstrate how to construct exploded view of objects or components from various engineering fields. • Construct exploded Isometric Drawing for objects or components and of various engineering fields based on exercises or questions given by teacher.
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 9 : OBLIQUE DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
9.1
Concepts of Oblique Drawing a. Oblique axis b. Circles, arcs and curves in Oblique Drawing c. Characteristic of Oblique Drawing
Level 1 • Identify  oblique axis  receding axis  horizontal axis  vertical axis • Explain the concept of circles, arcs and curves in Oblique Drawing • Identify characteristics of Oblique Drawing  oblique lines  nonoblique lines  angles in oblique  circles in oblique  arcs in obliqu Level 1 • Identify types of Oblique Drawing:
• •
Prepare samples of drawing Explain axes in Oblique Drawing  oblique axis  receding axis  vertical axis
• • •
Identify axis of oblique drawing Understand concept of circles, arc and curve in Oblique Drawing Identify the characteristics of oblique drawing
•
Explain concept of circle, curve and arc in Oblique Drawing Appendix 9/1 Receding axis in Oblique Drawing Appendix 9/2 Characteristics of Oblique Drawing.
9.2
Types of Oblique Drawing
•
Show samples of common oblique, cavalier oblique and
•
Construct all three types of Oblique Drawings. 32
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Teachers Guide Book  Common Oblique  Cavalier Oblique  Cabinet Oblique • cabinet oblique Use transparencies to explain concept of Oblique Drawing
LEARNING AREA
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SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
9.3
Selection of orientation of oblique drawing
Level 2 • Select the best orientation to produce oblique drawing
•
Explain and show methods of selecting suitable orientation based on the characteristics of oblique drawing on transparencies. Appendix 9/4 Selection of orientation Obliq Drawing
•
Students select and determine the most suitable oblique drawing orientation
• 9.4 Constructions of oblique drawing a. Box method b. Frame method Level 1 • Construct oblique drawing of geometrical solids using:  Box Method  Frame Method Level 2 • Draw circles on oblique axis: fourcentered method  coordinate method ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
•
Explain and show methods to construct oblique drawing by using  Box Method  Frame Method Show methods to construct circles on oblique axes by using  fourcentered method  coordinate method
•
Students construct drawing by: Box Method Frame Method
oblique
•
•
Students construct oblique drawing by: Box Method Frame Method Answer prepared questions. 33
Teachers Guide Book
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
9.5
Dimensioning of oblique drawing
Level 1 • Dimension oblique drawing
• •
Distribute oblique drawing questions for dimensioning Explain and demonstrate method of dimensioning oblique drawing by using unidirectional and aligned system
•
Students use unidirectional and aligned system to dimensionise Oblique Drawing.
9.6
Application of oblique drawing in engineering field
Level 2 • Apply oblique drawing for objects or components in various engineering fields. • Explain and demonstrate Oblique Drawing on charts or transparencies.
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 10 : PERSPECTIVE DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
10.1
Concept of perspective drawing
Level 1 • Explain the concept of perspective drawing. • Explain concept. Perspective Drawing • Student identify Perspective Drawing.
10.2
Types of Perspective Drawing a. Onepoint Perspective b. Twopoint Perspective c. Threepoint Perspective
Level 1 • Identify and differentiate types of perspective drawing: a. Onepoint Perspective b. Twopoint Perspective c. Threepoint Perspective Explain and identify types of perspective drawing:  One point perspective  Two point perspective  Three point perspective Demonstrate the differences of perspective drawing of 1 point, 2 points and 3 points. • • • • Students identify types of perspective drawing: One point perspective Two points perspective Three points perspective
•
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Teachers Guide Book Appendix 10/1 Types of Perspective Drawing
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10.3
Elements of Perspective Drawing
Level 1 • Explain the function of elements in perspective drawing:  Station Point (SP)  Viewing Lines(VL)  Picture Plane (PP)  Horizon (H)  Vanishing Point (VP)  Ground line (GL)  True Height. (TH) Level 1 2) Construct Onepoint Perspective Drawing for a solid with flat surface, inclined surface and oblique surface. Level 2 3) Construct Twopoint
•
Define meaning and element concept in Perspective Drawing Appendix 10/2 Pictorial diagram of perspective concept.
•
Students identify elemens of Perspective Drawing and its functions.
10.4
Construction of Perspective Drawing 1. Onepoint Perspective 2. Twopoint Perspective
•
Explain tposition of picture plane, horizon line and ground line in Perspective Drawing. Explain top view orientations Show/demonstrate method of determining the vanishing point (VP). Demonstrate how to construct onepoint and twopoint perspective drawings.
• •
Students identify orientations of the top view in perspective drawing. Students determine position of vanishing point(VP). Students construct onepoint and twopoint perspective drawings 36
ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
Teachers Guide Book Perspective Drawing for a solid with flat surface, inclined surface and oblique surface.
• Explain orientation effects on top view, station point, horizon line and position of an object. Appendix 10/3 One point Perspective Drawing Appendix 10/4 Twopoint Perspective Drawing
based on exercises given by teacher.
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
10.5
Application of Perspective Drawing in engineering field
Level 3 • Apply perspective drawing for objects or components in various engineering fields.
Demonstrate samples of perspective drawing which are used in various engineering fields.
•
Students produce,use and classify Perspective Drawing of various engineering fields. .
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 11 : COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING ( CAD ) II
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
11.1
Application of Various Command to Construct Block Drawing a. Orthographic Projection Drawing in Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) b. Isometric Drawing
Level 1 • Use Auto CAD software commands:  Snap  Grid  Trim  Undo  Redo  Block  Insert  Dist  Offset  Polygon  Ellipse  Dtext  Pline • Draw title block
• • • • •
Preparation of equipment. A set of computer equipment with the latest AutoCAD software. Printer / plotter Distribute AutoCAD printed notes commands. Teacher prepares a simple drawing module in diskettes. Appendix 11/1 Complete the orthographic drawing using AutoCAD software commands. Appendix 11/2 Complete the isometric drawing using AutoCAD software commands. Appendix 11/3
•
Students use the AutoCAD software commands to complete drawing exercises in the diskette.
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Teachers Guide Book Complete the isometric drawing using AutoCAD software commands. Prepare an example of a simple block drawing using AutoCAD commands.
Level 2 • Apply Layers • Use AutoCad Software command to construct 2D block diagrams:  orthographic projection drawing  isometric drawing
•
• •
Students prepare title block using the format available in AutoCAD. Students draw based on instructions acquired in title block referring to the example given.
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
11.2
CAD Text and Dimensioning
Level 2 •
•
Use of text commands and dimension in • Computer Aided Drafting drawing:  Mtext  Dtext  Dim
Prepare example of block diagram in diskettes to fill in text commands and dimensioning. Distribute text commands and dimensioning printed notes. Appendix 11/4 Layer applications in Orthographic Drawing.
•
Student uses the drawing in the diskette according to AutoCAD software commands.
11.3
Printing the Computer Aided Drafting Drawing
Level 1 • Explain Print command. • Print computer aided drafting assignment.
•
• •
Teacher prepares printing output on different types of paper. Example:  Transparency paper.  Card paper.  A3 paper. Distribute printing manual notes. Teacher prepares diskettes or student AutoCAD Drawing output.
•
Identify the commands used to print from a given or available file.
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 12 : INTERSECTION DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
12.1
Concepts of intersections a. Between two lines b. Between line and plane c. Between two planes
Level 1 • Explain the concepts of intersection:  between two lines  between line and plane  between two planes
• •
Explain concepts of intersection between two lines. Explain concepts of intersection between line and plane. Appendix 12/1 Intersection :  Between two lines  Between line and plane
•
Draw a few examplees of intersection lines and determine the intersection points. Draw a few examplees of intersection between line and plane and determine the intersection points. Draw intersection lines or intersection curves between two solids.
•
•
Explain concepts of intersection between two planes.  Flat surface and flat surface  Flat surface and curved surface  Curved surface and curved surface Appendix 12/2
•
Resources: 1. Samples of drawing.
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Teachers Guide Book Intersection between two planes • Explain the concept of flat surface and curved surface.
2. 3. Sample drawings of various engineering field. Intersected solid models.
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
12.2
Methods of Determining Lines and Curves of Intersection a. Edge view method b. Cutting plane method
Level 2 • Determine the intersection points by using:  edge view method.  cutting plane method.
•
•
Present and show the intersection diagram by edgeview method. Present and show the intersection diagram by cutting plane method.
•
• •
Appendix 12/3 To determine intersection curvesedge view method.
Determine intersection points between two lines by edge view method. Determine the lines of intersection curves by edge view method. Determine lines or intersection curves by cutting plane method.
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Teachers Guide Book
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
12.3
Application of Intersection Drawing a. Intersection between two solid objects at right angle and other angles (nonoffset) i. ii. iii. iv. Solid prism Solid cylinder Solid pyramid Solid cone
Level 2
•
•
Determine points of intersection and construct lines or intersection curves between two solid objects at right angle and other angles (nonoffset). Solid prism Solid cylinder Solid pyramid Solid cone
Demonstrate how to construct and determine the intersection lines between two prisms. Appendix 12/4 Intersection between two prisms
• •
Construct and determine intersection lines between two prisms. Construct and determine intersection lines between two cylinders.
•
Demonstrate how to construct and determine the intersection lines between two cylinders. Appendix 12/5 Intersection between two cylinders
•
Level 3 • Construct lines and intersection curves of object or components.
Demonstrate how to construct and determine the intersection lines between two pyramid and prism.
Appendix 12/6 Intersection between pyramid and prism 42
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Teachers Guide Book • Demonstrate how to construct and determine the intersection lines between cone and prism.
UNIT 13 : DEVELOPMENTS
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
13.1
Concepts of Developments a. True length b. True angle c. True shape
Level 1 Explain the principles of developments  true length  true angle  true shape Identify the lines in orthographic projection which are not the true lengths.
Prepare object and sample of components which are produced in developmental process. Demonstrate examples of development of a box to show an object which is extended flat on a plane. Demonstrate how to determine true length, true angles and true shape of Developments are used. Demonstrate how revolving method can determine true length. Link to with Auxilary Views
•
Students identify the periphery needed to determine Revolving Method. • Determine true length based on Revolving Method. Resources: Folded hollow blocks that can be developed Activities: Video shows / CDROM  To construct parallelline developments and radialline developments of hollowed geometrical blocks.
Level 2 Determine correctly and accurately the true length of lines by using ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
Appendix 13/1 Surface Development Appendix 13/2
43
Teachers Guide Book the revolving method. Determine true length using Revolving method.
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
13.2
Classification of Solid Objects and Types of Developments Prism and cylinder i. Parallelline method Pyramid and cone i. Radialline method Transition parts i. Triangulatio n method
Level 1 Identify the classification of blocks and types of development drawing.  Prism and cylinder  Pyramid and cone  Transition parts
Demonstrate or use transparencies to show types of solid and their classifications. Explain and classify groups of solid and methods used for development.
Students identify how to classify blocks and methods of development used.
13.3
Application of Developments of Regular Solids a. Parallel – line method b. Radial – line
Level 1 State common terminologies in development drawing:  elements  stretchout lines  fold line  seam
State terms used in Development Drawing. Appendix 13/3 Development Terminology 44
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Teachers Guide Book method Explain and demonstrate Development by Parallel Line method for  Vertical, oblique and truncated prisms  Vertical, oblique and truncated cyclinders
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
Level 2 Construct the development of solids by using parallel line method for :  vertical oblique and truncated prisms  Vertical and truncated oblique cylinders. Construct development of solid by using radial line method for  Vertical and truncated pyramids.  Vertical and truncated cones.
Appendix 13/4 Parallel Line Method Development Explain and demonstrate Development using Radial Line method in  Vertical and truncated pyramids  Vertical and truncated cones Appendix 13/5 Radial Line Method Development
Students are aware of terms used in Development. Students construct Development by Parallel Line method for  Vertical, oblique and truncated prisms  Vertical, oblique and truncated cyclinders
•
Students construct Development using Radial Line method for  Vertical and truncated pyramids  Vertical and truncated cones
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45
Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 14 : SECTIONAL VIEW
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
14.1
Concepts of Sectional views a. b. c. d. Cutting plane Cutting plane line Sectioned area Sectional line
Level 1 • Explain concept of sectional views • Apply principle projection of sectional views to produce a clear and effective view • Use cutting plane • Use cutting lines • Use break symbol
• •
Demonstrate on charts and transparencies samples of Sectional Drawing Explain Sectional Drawing’s concept on:  Cutting Plane  Cutting Plane Line  Sectioning Line  break symbol Appendix 14/1 Cutting Plane
•
In groups, students use AVA to discuss Sectioning Concepts
14.2
Types of sectional views a. Full section b. Offset section c. Half section d. Brokenout section
Level 1 • Understand types of sectional views Level 2
• •
Demonstrate and explain types of Sectional Views on charts / transparencies. Demonstrate correct methods to choose and organize sectional
• •
In groups, students use AVA to discuss Sectioning Concepts Students discuss and label types of Sectioning on worksheet 46
ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
Teachers Guide Book e. Removed section f. Revolved section g. Aligned section • Select and project sectional views of suitable related object.
•
views on chart / transparencies Demonstrate correct methods to construct accurate / precise sectional lines
•
Students construct or draw Sectioning Views of simple blocks given Students use shade bystandard hatching
Appendix 14/2 Sectional Line
•
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
14.3
Application of Sectional Views a. Full section b. Offset section c. Aligned section
Level 2 • Construct sectional views of simple machine components  full section  offset section  aligned section
•
Explain and demonstrate methods to construct and draw Sectional View of the following :  Full Section  Offset Section  Aligned Section Appendix 14/3 Offset Section
•
Students construct related Sectioning Views
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 15 : MECHANICAL DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
15.1
Introduction a. Types of mechanical drawing b. Normal practice and conventions of Mechanical Drawing
Level 1 Identify and differentiate types of mechanical drawing. d. Detailed/working drawing e. Assembly drawing Identify and comply to the normal practise and conventions in mechanical drawing. Prepare and gather true samples of mechanical drawing. Prepare and label samples of machine components related to the convention of Mechanical Drawing. Prepare sample transparencies of detail drawings, working drawings and Assembly Drawings. In detail explain concept and scope of mechanical drawing. • Students examine and differentiate actual sample of mechanical drawing. Understanding parts of machine components exhibited. Follow and obey conventional practice of mechanical drawing. Understand concept and scope of mechanical drawing.
• • •
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Teachers Guide Book
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
15.2
Application of Mechanical Drawing for Single Symmetrical Machine Component Orthographic projection drawing Sectional views
Level 2 • Draw Mechanical Drawing for a single symmetrical machine component complying to common practise and related conventions Draw sectional views of a single symmetrical machine component complying to common practise and related conventions.
•
Use models to explain mechanical drawing methods of simple components. Demonstrate application of Orthographic Projections in sectioning drawing. Guide students to draw mechanical drawing of various level of difficulties from single component and with several type of conventional practices. Appendix 15/1 Sample Question of Machine Drawing. Appendix 15/2 Sample Answer of Machine Drawing.
• •
Draw Mechanical Drawing of the model given.
•
•
Draw Sectioning Drawing as applied in Orthographic Projection. Draw Mechanical Drawing of single component but of various level of difficulties and with several kind of convetional practices.
•
Level 3 • Draw Orthographic Projection drawing of single symmetrical machine component complying to common
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Teachers Guide Book practise and related conventions. common practise and related conventions.
UNIT 16 : BUILDING DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
16.1
Introduction a. Types of building drawing b. Standard architectural symbols
Level 1 • Identify and differentiate types of building drawing  plan drawing  elevation/view drawing  sectional drawing  detailed drawing Identify the use of standard architectural symbols in building drawing • • Collect and prepare sample of building drawing. Show sample of Building Drawng and explain the differences between:  Layout Drawing  Elevation Drawing  Sectional Drawing  Detailed Drawing Show and explain standard architectural symbols in Building Drawing and clarify their uses. • Students discuss the different types of Building Drawing.
•
•
•
Students draw symbols based on actual objects and match to their usages.
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Teachers Guide Book
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
16.2
Application of Building Drawings of Single and DoubleStorey Residential Building a. Scale in Building Drawing (1:50 , 1:100) b. Elevation/View drawing c. Floor plan d. Roof plan
Level 2 • Draw Orthographic Projection of single and doublestorey residential building. a. Plan Drawing  floor plan  roof plan b. Elevation/View Drawing
• •
Prepare a singlestorey building model complete with roof which could be opened. Prepare Ortographic Projection questions to complete the views/elevation. Prepare answers on transperancies. Model aided, teacher explains types of roof such as;  Hip roof ( limas )  Gable roof ( tebeng layar )  Lean to roof ( pisang sesikat ) Prepare actual plan and instruct students to recopy basing on a certain scale. Appendix 16/1 a ) Location plan. b ) Floor plan. c ) Roof plan
• • •
Draw and complete the Orthographic Views (singlestorey building). Draw building drawing according to scale (floor plan or roof plan). Draw View/Elevation Drawing according to scale.
Level 3 • Draw Building Drawing using appropriate scale for single and doublestorey residential building. ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
•
51
Teachers Guide Book a. Plan Drawing  floor plan  roof plan b. Elevation/view Drawing Appendix 16/2 Floor Plan and Accessories Appendix 16/3 Views/Elevation Drawing Appendix 16/4 Detailed Drawing
UNIT 17 : PIPING DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
17.1
Introduction to Piping Drawing a. Types of Piping Drawing b. Standard Piping Symbols
Level 1 • Identify and differentiate types of Piping Drawing:  orthographic piping  isometric piping Identify the functions of standard piping symbols. Explain domestic piping system. Explain and comply to piping regulation in producing Piping Drawing.
•
Collect and prepare  Actual piping fittings  Examples of Piping Drawing/ Layout Collect and prepare samples of actual pipe fitting and Piping Drawing/Layout Explain and illustrate types of Piping Drawing/Layout and standard piping symbols with the aid of charts and transparencies. Explain and exhibit to show differences between Orthographic Piping Drawing and Isometric Piping Drawing on charts or transparencies. Demonstrate and explain standard
•
Analyze domestic piping system and draw Orthographic Piping Drawing/Layout.
Resources: • 1. Piping and installation accessories  tap  valve  tee joint  elbow 2. Samples of Piping Drawing 3. Models of Piping System • Study domestic 52
•
•
• •
•
• ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
Teachers Guide Book symbols of actual fittings and equipments. • Explain and illustrate domestic piping system  Direct system  Indirect system • Explain piping bylaws on Piping Drawing/layout. piping system. • Draw Orthographic Piping Drawing
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
17.2
Application of Piping Drawing for a SingleStorey Residential Building a. Orthographic Piping Drawing
Level 2 • Draw Orthographic Piping Drawing from Isometric Piping Drawing of a singlestorey building.
•
Demonstrate method of Orthographic Piping Drawing on charts or transparencies. Distribute related questions and discuss with students. Appendix 17/1 Isometric Piping Drawing Appendix 17/2 Orthographic Piping Drawing. Appendix 17/3 Oral/ Writing exercises.
•
Student draw Orthographic Piping Drawing on worksheets.
•
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Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 18 : ELECTRICAL DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
18.1
Introduction to Electrical Drawing Types of Electrical Drawing Standard Electrical symbols
Level 1 • Identify Electrical Drawings :  block diagram  schematic diagram  wiring diagram Explain the uses of standard symbols for accessories, switches and distribution fuse in Electrical Drawing.
•
Gather samples of drawings and photographs of electrical equipments. Present and demonstrate different type of electrical symbols on charts and transparencies. Demonstrate and explain standard symbols using actual accessories and appliances and audio video aids.
•
Familiarize names and symbols for electrical accessories and appliances. Students assemble, organize and draw symbols of accessories, wiring and appliances of electrical drawing.
•
•
•
Resources: • 1. Electrical appliances and accessories. 2. Sample of wiring circuit. 54
ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
Teachers Guide Book 3. Wiring layout plan. • Layout and draw standard symbols of electrical appliances, accessories and wiring in Electrical Drawing.
LEARNING AREA
LEARNING OUTCOMES
TEACHING ACTIVITIES
SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
18.2
Application of Electrical Drawing Drawing of domestic layout plan
Level 2 Layout electrical accessories, wiring and appliances of Electrical Drawing. Draw standard symbols of electrical appliances and control system according to their respective positions in the domestic layout plan.
Demonstrate and explain methods to draw domestic layout plans. Explain and discuss accessories, wiring and appliances layout for electrical drawing. Appendix 18/1 Plan layout and accessories/ appliances
•
Students complete domestic layout plans together with their accessories.
ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
55
Teachers Guide Book
UNIT 19 : ELECTRONIC DRAWING
LEARNING AREA LEARNING OUTCOMES TEACHING ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED LEARNING ACTIVITIES & ASSESSMENTS
19.1
Introduction to Electronic Drawing a. Types of Electronic Drawings b. Standard symbols of Electronic Components  functions  polarities
Level 1 • Identify types of Electronic Drawings:  schematic circuit drawing  wiring circuit drawing  printed circuit drawing • Identify standard symbols of electronic components:  Functions  Polarities
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Collect samples of circuit drawing and electronic components. Explain and demonstrate types of electronic drawing and standard symbols on charts or transparencies. Explain and demonstrate standard symbols and actual electronic components.
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Trace Printed Circuit, Draw wiring Circuit and Schematic Circuit. Resources: 1. Electronic components. 2. Schematic circuit diagram. 3. Printed circuit board. 4. Electronic appliances such as radio, calculator, computer component etc. Trace wiring circuit and printed circuit.
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Teachers Guide Book 19.2 Application of Electronic Drawing a. Simple schematic circuit Level 2 • Draw schematic circuit from printed circuit. Draw schematic circuit from wiring circuit. • Demonstrate and explain Electronic Drawing methods for simple schematic circuit. Appendix 19/1 Schematic Circuit Diagram Appendix 19/2 Extension of sketching component of correct polarity. • Students draws simple Schematic Circuit given on worksheets.
ENGINEERING DRAWING ISSC
57