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# UGC-CSIR: Model Examination

Thermodynamics
Duration:2 Hrs 100 Marks

## 1. For a thermodynamic system, work done in a process depends upon

(a) the path (b) state of the system (c) external pressure (d) nature of the system

2. One mole of a perfect gas expands adiabatically. As a result of this, its pressure, temperature and volume change
from P1 , T1 , V1 to P2 , T2 , V2 respectively. If molar specific heat at constant volume is Cv , then the work done by the
gas is

## P12 V12 −P22 V22

(a) 2.303P1 V1 log VV12 (b) RT1 log VV21 (c) R(T2 −T1 )
(d) Cv (T1 − T2 )

3. A system consists of 1024 atoms and is at a temperature of 300 K. Assuming that there is no interatomic energy in
the system, its total internal energy is

## 4. In an isothermal change, the internal energy of ideal gas is

(a) may increase or de- (b) does not change (c) increases (d) decreases
crease

5. A system A interacting with a reservoir R undergoes a reversible transformation of its thermodynamics state. If
∆SA is the change of entropy of A and ∆SR that of R during the transformation, then in general

(a) ∆SA = ∆SR = 0 (b) ∆SA = ∆SR (c) ∆SA = −∆SR (d) ∆SA = 0, ∆SR > 0

6. The function which remains constant if thermodynamic process is carried out isobarically and isothermally is called

(a) Internal energy (b) Gibbs function (c) Helmholtz function (d) Enthalpy

## 7. Which of the following gives volume, V

       
(a) ∂G
∂P (b) ∂U
∂V (c) − ∂G
∂T (d) ∂U
∂S
T X P T

8. In an isobaric process the heat intake or release in a thermodynamic system is equal to the change in

(a) Helmholtz free energy (b) Gibbs free energy (c) Enthalpy (d) Internal energy

9. Consider a gas contained in a box at a pressure P and temperature T having entropy S. If the box is divided into
two parts of volume V1 and V2 with corresponding entropies S1 and S2 then S − (S1 + S2 ) is

## (a) > 0 (b) < 0 (c) = 0 (d) None of these

10. Assume that the heat capacity at constant volume of a metal varies as aT +bT 3 at low temperatures. The temperature
dependence of entropy is given by

1
(a) aT + bT 3 (b) a + bT 2 (c) aT + 3b T 3 (d) aT 2 + bT 4

11. An ideal diatomic gas (of γ = 5/3) is expanded adiabatically so that its volume is doubled. By what ratio is its
temperature reduced in this process

1
(a) 2 (b) ( 21 )1/3 (c) ( 12 )2/3 (d) ( 12 )5/3

## 12. The isothermal compressibility − V1 ∂V

∂P of one mole van der Waals gas as a function of temperature and volume is (a
and b are constants in the van der Waals equation of state)

## (a) V 2 (V − b)/(RT V 2 − a(V − b)) (c) V 2 (V − b)2 /(RT V 3 − 2a(V − b))

(b) V (V − b)2 /(RT V 2 − 2a(V − b)) (d) V 2 (V − b)2 /(RT V 3 − 2a(V − b)2 )

13. An ideal gas undergoes an isothermal expansion (at a constant temperature T ) from an initial volume V1 to a final
volume V2 . The change in the entropy per mole is

(a) R(V1 /V2 ) (b) R ln |V1 − V2 | (c) R ln(V1 /V2 ) (d) R ln(V2 /V1 )

14. Which of the following integrals depends only on the initial and final states of a thermodynamic system (i.e.,
independent of the path of transformation)
dQ
T 2 dS
R R R R
(a) P dV (b) dQ (c) T (d)

15. When 100g ice at 0◦ C melts, the change in entropy in cal/K is about (Take latent heat of fusion (melting) as
80 cal/g)

## (a) 29.3 (b) zero (c) 0.34 (d) 39.2

16. When heat Q flows into a monoatomic gas, the volume increases keeping the pressure constant. The fraction of the
heat energy used for the gas expansion is:

## (a) 1/3 (b) 1/5 (c) 2/3 (d) 2/5

17. To a pure substance undergoing an infinitesimal reversible process. Which of the following relations is not a Maxwell
equation

∂T
(a) ( ∂V )S = −( ∂P
∂S )V (b) ( ∂P ∂V
∂T )V = ( ∂S )P (c) ( ∂P ∂S
∂T )V = ( ∂V )T
∂T
(d) ( ∂P )S = ( ∂V
∂S )P

18. One mole of a monoatomic perfect gas is initially at a constant temperature of T0 . It expands from a volume V0 to
2V0 under constant pressure. The heat absorbed by the gas is:

3 5
(a) RT0 (b) 2RT0 (c) 2 RT0 (d) 2 RT0

19. Each of the two isolated vessels A and B of fixed volumes contain N molecule of perfect monoatomic gas at a
Pressure P . The temperature of A and B are T1 and T2 respectively. The two vessels are brought into thermal
contact. At equilibrium the change in entropy is
h 2 2i h i
T1 +T2 (T1 +T2 )2
(a) 3/2N KB ln 4T T
1 2
(c) 3/2N K B ln 4T T
1 2

## (b) N KB ln( TT12 ) (d) 2N KB

2
20. Consider an ideal gas whose entropy is given by
nh U Vi
S= σ + 5Rln + 2Rln
2 n n
where n =number of moles, R =universal gas constant, V =volume and σ =constant. The specific heat at constant
volume is given by

5 1 3 9
(a) 2 nR (b) 2 nR (c) 2 nR (d) 2 nR

## F = N KB T ln[a0 V (KB T )3/2 /N ]

where a0 is a constant and KB denote the Boltzmann’s constant. The internal energy of the gas is

## (a) 3/2N KB T (c) N KB T ln[a0 V (KB T )3/2 /N ] − 3/2N KB T

(b) 5/2N KB T (d) N KB T ln[a0 V (KB T )3/2 ]

## 22. The Vander Waals equation of state for a gas is given by

a
(P + )(V − b) = RT
V2
where P, V, and T represent the pressure, Volume and temperature respectively, and a and b are constant parameters.
At the critical point, where all the roots of the above cubic equation are degenerate, the temperature is given by

a 8a a
(a) 9b (b) 27bR (c) 27b2 (d) 3b

23. If the equation of state for a gas with internal energy U is P V = 1/2U then the equation for an adiabatic process is

(a) P V 1/3 =Constant (b) P V 4/3 =Constant (c) P V 3/2 =Constant (d) P V 5/3 =Constant

24. For a particular thermodynamic system the entropy S is related to the internal energy U and volume V by

S = CU 3/4 V 1/4

## where C is a constant. The Helmholtz free energy F = U − T S for this system is

4/3 4/3
S S 4/3
(a) 0 (b) − 3C 4/3 V 1/3
(c) − 3C4S
4/3 V 1/3 (d) 3C 4/3 V 1/3

25. The efficiency of a Carnot cycle is 1/6 on reducing the temperature of the sink by 65◦ C the efficiency increases to
1/3, then the temperate of the source is

(b) 373K (d) 0K