Introducing HFSS Version 12

Matthew H. Commens, Ph.D. Product Manager Ansoft HFSS

© 2008 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

HFSS 12.0

“HFSS 12.0 is a dramatic in high-frequency electromagnetic …high-performance computing enhancement,to …ANSYS follows through on its commitment field …achieve a breakthrough reduction in development simulation,” said Zol Cendes, chief technology officer at Ansoft. “For the domainengineers are able to solve vast electromagneticand at a deliver technology with unequalled depth field time and costs while at the same time realizing first time, decomposition…simulate and design problems with speed, efficiency scale and speed never and accuracy. “ unparalleled breadth… before possible. increased reliability and…
© 2008 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

HFSS 12: New Features

New Solver Technology New Meshing Technology
Integration with ANSYS DesignXplorer Improved GUI and Modeler

Adjoint Method Based Derivatives
© 2008 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

New Element Technologies
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ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

New Solver Technology
Domain Decomposition

© 2008 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary

Inc. Inc. V = 806λ3 © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . All rights reserved. 5 ANSYS.Simulating Large •F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: UHF blade antenna @ 350 MHz •L = 18.6λ.

“Divide and Conquer” © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Proprietary . Inc. Inc. 6 ANSYS.

Inc. All rights reserved. 7 ANSYS. Proprietary .Domain Decomposition • Distributed memory parallel solver technique • Distributes mesh subdomains to network of processors • Significantly increases simulation capacity • Highly scalable to large numbers of processors • Automatic generation of domains by mesh partitioning – User friendly – Load balance Distributes mesh sub-domains to networked processors and memory • Hybrid iterative & direct solver – Multi-frontal direct solver for each sub-domain – Sub-domains exchange information iteratively via Robin’s transmission conditions (RTC) © 2008 ANSYS. Inc.

21 12.89 15.23 5000 15000 Time (secs) 10000 14.60 3. All rights reserved. Inc.71 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary .35 8.10 0 17. Inc.84 5.19 6.18X Speed-up with 15 Domains Speed-up Number of domains 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Time (sec) 23252 8928 6056 4479 3476 2784 2649 2180 2032 1760 1859 1804 1527 1649 1313 Speed-up 1.00 2.51 12.78 10.67 11.44 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 Superlinear performance! Speed-up 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Tim e (secs) 25000 20000 13. 8 ANSYS.69 8.

Inc. Inc.Results and Accuracy • Consistent results between domain decomposition and direct solver © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Proprietary . 9 ANSYS.

Inc.75 GB 25 min 1st order basis functions. Inc. Proprietary . 10 ANSYS.5λ x 22λ x 8λ or 2200λ3 6 domains Total Memory Average Memory Solution Time Domain Solver 4.5 GB 0. Performed 8 passes to reach ΔS = 0.Humvee with Patch Antennas • Two L-band patch antennas located on roof of Humvee – Fed using TM20 mode to excite monopole far-field pattern • Bounding airbox is 12. All rights reserved.02 © 2008 ANSYS.

11 ANSYS.WLAN Access Point and Printer • Wireless printer and router in typical office environment – 2. Proprietary . Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.44 GHz solution frequency • Room size is 25λ x 25λ x 22λ or 13750λ3 • Solved on 16 core AMD Opteron workstation • Printer-to-router coupling: -57 dB 15 domains Tetrahedra Total Memory Average Memory Solution Time Domain Solver 846k 32 GB 2.0 GB 5 hr 20 min © 2008 ANSYS.

Proprietary .Metallic Sphere • Mie scattering from a PEC Sphere – 100λ in diameter – Distributed to 30 cores across four networked computers • Re-calibrate your Expectation! 9M tetrahedra. Inc. Inc. 12 ANSYS. 64-bit meshing 51M unknowns (matrix size) © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved.

Domain Decomposition Example Antenna Integration on Spacecraft © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc. All rights reserved. 13 ANSYS. Inc.

Inc. 14 ANSYS.Antenna Element Design • Operating criteria – 3-4 GHz frequency band – 50 Ω input impedance • Axial mode helix selected as antenna – – – – – Endfire radiation with moderate gain Right-hand circular polarization Wide bandwidth Simple feed High radiation efficiency • Orthogonal support dielectric along helix • Coax probe feed extends above antenna ground plane • Simulation with direct solver – 200k unknowns in 1. Proprietary . All rights reserved. Inc.2 GB © 2008 ANSYS.

Finite Array Model • 7-element array model with finite ground plane – Includes edge effects – Includes mutual coupling between elements Fields with All Element Excited Far-field Pattern for Broadside Beam Far-field Pattern for Broadside Beam © 2008 ANSYS. 15 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. Proprietary .

V = 31. Inc. Inc.000 λ3 – 25M unknowns – 12 hr runtime.Installed Array on Spacecraft • Good correlation with isolated array patterns • L = 78 λ. All rights reserved. 35 cores • Recalibrate your expectations! © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . 16 ANSYS.

Proprietary .New Meshing Technology © 2008 ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. 17 ANSYS.

Inc. All rights reserved.New Meshing Technology HFSS 11 (bottom up algorithm) Surface Mesh model Geometric healing or repair (For model defects) Surface mesh generation Volume mesh generation Volume Mesh HFSS 12 (top down algorithm) Volume Mesh model Volume mesh generation Adapt mesh to conform to geometry Conformal surface mesh generation Surface Mesh © 2008 ANSYS. 18 ANSYS. Inc. Proprietary .

TAU Mesher • Mesh a higher percentage • Effective on imported geometries • Higher mesh quality • fewer total elements • smoother element transition • Automatically healing and repair. Inc. 19 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Proprietary . v11 v12 © 2008 ANSYS. Inc.

All rights reserved.Molex Backplane Connector •11. 20 ANSYS. Inc.0 initial Mesh: 227517. ~63% reduction in initial mesh size •Mesh reduction directly translates to reduction in memory and solution time Fewer. Inc. higher quality mesh elements © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary .0 Initial Mesh: 631862 •12.

Inc. Inc. Proprietary . All rights reserved.New Element Technology Curvilinear Elements © 2008 ANSYS. 21 ANSYS.

All rights reserved.2 GHz Blue – Analytic Curve © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc. Inc.040 . coarser mesh achieves equivalent accuracy Rectilinear mesh element Curvilinear mesh element Red – HFSS 10 cm radius PEC sphere solved from 0. 22 ANSYS.Curvilinear Elements • Most accurate solution to fields on curved structures • Mesh adapted about curved or true surfaces • Element matrices computed using the curved boundaries • Reduces solution time and RAM usage – A smaller.

5 11428. 23 ANSYS.5 11429.0 F req [M H z ] 11428.0 Measurements 11.SLAC Beam Former E-field along Z A ns oft LLC X Y P lo t 4 trues urfac es _longer Curv e Inf o dB(S(W av ePort1:3. Inc. Proprietary .4 +.5 MHz 11426. All rights reserved.428.0 11429.0.0 11427.0 © 2008 ANSYS.5deg' 0 -5 Return Loss TM01 mode (dB) -10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 11426.W av ePort1:3)) Setup1 : Sw eep1 SA ='22.5 11427.5 11430. Inc.

5° curv.1% 10˚ rect. pp. All rights reserved.” IEEE AP Symp. Mesh 53k 6k Time 16:40 00:55 I Wolff. June 1987. 24 ANSYS.39 8. Inc. “A generalized description of the spherical three-layer resonator with an anisotropic dielectric material. 22.40 8.Resonator with Concentric Spherical Dielectrics • Fewer curvilinear elements yield same accuracy as rectilinear – 88% fewer tetrahedra – Runs 16X faster Faceting 45˚ 30˚ 15˚ 10˚ 7.53 8.54 8.5˚ 5˚ 22. Inc. 307310 © 2008 ANSYS.75 8.5˚ f (GHz) 8.38 ΔF=0.40 8. Proprietary .

25 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.New Element Technology Mixed Element Orders © 2008 ANSYS.

Mixed Element Orders First-Order.40GB • Automatic localization of basis functions • Refinement via element size and order • Locally efficient use of computing resources Mixed-Order. 1. 0. 7:55. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. 26 ANSYS.985GB © 2008 ANSYS. 16:23. Proprietary .

1st order – 28% reduction in solution time – 29% reduction in memory • Mixed order converges faster – 12 passes vs.86511 © 2008 ANSYS. 14 passes – Average order = 0. Proprietary 27 .86584 – 1st – Mixed S11 = 0. Inc.Log Periodic over EBG Groundplane • High geometric detail with large homogeneous radiation volume • Compare mixed order vs.96 • S11 @ 12 GHz S11 = 0. ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc.

28 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. Proprietary .Introducing Adjoint Method Based Deriviatives © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved.

Adjoint Derivatives • New Capability for sensitivity. and optimization • Compute the derivatives of SYZ parameters with respect to project and design variables • Eliminates need to solve multiple variations with small differences and numerical noise – More efficient and more accurate • Provides real-time tuning of reports to explore effects of small design changes • Improves derivative-based optimization methods 2008 IEEE MTT-S Digest. Inc. tuning. Proprietary . All rights reserved. 29 ANSYS. pp. Inc. 527-530 © 2008 ANSYS.

6 10 5 1 0 . ports are involved |S 1 1 | [d B ] d|S11|_dRi d|S11|_dG1 d|S11|_dG2 |S11| ANSYS.3 9 . All rights reserved.6 9 .2 . Combline Filter 10000 0 -10 d S 1 1 d p [1 /m ] 5000 0 -5000 -10000 -15000 Ri Ri G2 G1 G2 -30 -40 -50 -60 G1 – gap between center tuner and resonator G2 – gap between off-center tuners and resonators Ri – inner radius of coax feed Note: for sensitivity with respect to Ri. Inc.0 5 10 1 0 . Proprietary -20 This filter design is: .9 5 9 .4 5 9 .1 freq [GHz] .5 . 9 5 9 .3 10 5 1 0 .9 10 .8 .Most sensitive to change in gap G2 .Sensitivity of |S11|. Inc.Least sensitive to change in coax radius Ri 30 © 2008 ANSYS.7 5 9 .

Local Derivatives Speed-up Optimization • Goal: Minimize reflection in waveguide quarter wave transformer • SNLP optimizer uses derivative information to speed-up calculation of response surface Example Optimization without Derivatives Example Optimization with Derivatives © 2008 ANSYS. 31 ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary . Inc.

radius of via stub. radius of antipads. 32 ANSYS. Inc. radius of signal pads. All rights reserved. radius & antipad of ground via • Solve for the derivatives of many variables at once Nominal Values for Design Variables Specify Desired Derivatives in Solution Setup © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary .SMA launch • SMA launch is typical multi-variable design problem • Design variables: – length. Inc.

Real-Time Tuning with Analytical Derivatives • Real-time tuning shows effects of small changes on S-parameters S11 S21 S-parameters of Nominal Design New Derivative Context in Report Editor Quickly Explore Effects of Small Changes on S-parameters © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . 33 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.

Inc. 34 ANSYS.Improved GUI and Modeler © 2008 ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary .

Post-Processing Variables • New type of variable whose value can be modified without resimulating model • Optimize complex weights of antenna elements in phased array – Optimize for side-lobe location and main beam peak Optimization of Phased Array Excitations Synthesized Far-field Pattern © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. 35 ANSYS. Proprietary .

local. near and far field – Fully integrated with reporter and Optimetrics © 2008 ANSYS. 36 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Proprietary .Convergence Based on Multiple Output Variables • Evaluate and save multiple expressions vs. Inc. Inc. adaptive pass – Includes SYZ parameters.

etc.Clip Plane Viewing • Project preview – Image and notes available in File Open – Image available in Windows Explorer • Clip plane – Interactively slice through arbitrary plane – Can view model geometry. field plots. 37 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc. All rights reserved. mesh plots. Inc. © 2008 ANSYS.

Proprietary 38 . Inc. Inc.Select by Area Mode • Enable material override – Conductors override dielectrics – Smaller objects override larger objects with same material – Avoids need for explicit subtractions • Select objects by area – Click and drag to rubber-band select – Right-to-left selects all objects passing through window – Left-to-right selects all objects inside window © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved. ANSYS.

Inc. Proprietary . Inc. All rights reserved. 39 ANSYS.Overlay Far Field Plots on Model • Visualize radiation patterns on model geometry – Control transparency and/or size of pattern overlay © 2008 ANSYS.

All rights reserved. 40 ANSYS.Array Variables Supported at design level only Assign array variable to Material property © 2008 ANSYS. Inc. Inc. Proprietary .

41 ANSYS. Proprietary . All rights reserved. Inc.New Modeling Commmands • Fillets and Chamfers on 2D objects • Sheet wrapping • Sheet and body imprinting with projection “Modeler/Chamfer (Fillet)” © 2008 ANSYS. Inc.

All rights reserved.Streamline plots Streamline plot of Poynting vector on this face. Streamlines originate at discrete points on the face © 2008 ANSYS. 42 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc. Inc.

43 ANSYS. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc.Integration with ANSYS DesignXplorer © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary .

1 and HFSS 12.0 WR90 Transition th wid WR137 © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc.ANSYS DesignXplorer in R12. All rights reserved. height len gth 44 ANSYS. Inc.

Proprietary . 45 ANSYS. Inc.DX – Response Surface © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved. Inc.

Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary .DX – Robust Design (DOE) © 2008 ANSYS. 46 ANSYS.

Inc. Inc. Proprietary . 47 ANSYS.Six Sigma © 2008 ANSYS. All rights reserved.

0: Available Now! Modeler selection by area filter Matched terminal s-parameters Fixed distance padding for region User Defined Keyboard shortcuts Expression cache Multiple output variable convergence Overlap/intersecting object selection from message window ACIS R19 SP2 upgrade Extended healing capability Improved setup for analytic ports Project specific script recording Define parametric sweep from file Improved far field data link. All rights reserved. More efficient Project Preview – Both file open and in Windows Explorer Flexible history editing Polyline cross-section Mode filtering for report setup © 2008 ANSYS. Proprietary . Inc.Port post-processing on fields HFSS 12. Inc. 48 ANSYS.

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