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GRADATION ANALYSIS

Note: Enter Data ONLY in ORANGE Cells.


Sieve Sizes % Cum. %
wt. retained (g) % Passing
U.S. No. Metric (mm) Retained Retained
1 1/2 37.5 1900 19 19 81
1 25.0 3100 31 50 50
1/2 12.5 750 7.5 57.5 42.5
3/8 9.50 720 7.2 64.7 35.3
4 4.76 420 4.2 68.9 31.1
10 2.00 750 7.5 76.4 23.6
20 0.841 620 6.2 82.6 17.4
30 0.595 827 8.27 90.87 9.13
40 0.420 409 4.09 94.96 5.04
50 0.297 215 2.15 97.11 2.89
60 0.250 113 1.13 98.24 1.76
80 0.177 99 0.99 99.23 0.77
100 0.149 72 0.72 99.95 0.05
200 0.074 5 0.05 100 0
Dust/Pan 0.01 0 0 100 0
Sample Total Weight (g) = 10000 100

Fineness Modulus = 2.6596

Interpret from Gradation Plot


Maximum Aggregate Size, mm = 37.50
Eff. Grain Size mm @ 10% Passing, D10= 0.60
Sieve Size, mm @ 30% Passing, D30= 4.15
Sieve Size, mm @ 60% Passing, D60= 29.88
Coefficient of Uniformity, Cu = 49.7916667
Coefficient of Curvature, Cc = 0.96
C25: Stephen Risser:
The Fineness Modulus is calculated with the Yellow Cells.

D28: Enter maximum Aggregate Size.

D29: Enter D10, D30, and D60 from Grain Size Chart.
Grain Size Distribution Curve

100

90

80
Percent Passing

70

D60
60

50

40

D30
30

20

D10
10

0
0.01 0.1 1 10 100
0.075

0.15

0.30

0.60

1.18

9.50

12.5

19.0

25.0
31.5
4.75

37.5
45.0
2.36

Grain Size, mm
MIX DESIGN Base from the ACI Manual of Concrete Practice
By : R Lavisto Jr. Standard ACI 211.1-91
NOTE: Enter/edit data in blue cells ONLY.
1. Choose a slump (from below) : Required fc' : 20.7 Mpa
Slump Trial Mix fc' : 27.6 Mpa
Type of Construction
(mm) (inches) Sand Absorption: 2.54%
Reinforced foundation walls
25 - 75 1-3 Gravel Absorption: 1.20%
and footings
Plain footings, caissons and
25 - 75 1-3 Dry Rodded Density: 1730 kg/m^3
substructure walls
Beams and reinforced walls 25 - 100 1-4 Sand water Content: 0%
Building columns 25 - 100 1-4 Gravel Water Content: 8.88%
Pavements and slabs 25 - 75 1-3 Slump: 50 mm
Mass concrete 25 - 50 1-2

2. Choose the maximum size of aggregate: 37.50 mm > Available in the Area!

Fill One here!


a. width of the forms: 0 mm
b. Depth of slab: 0 mm
c. space between reinforcing bars: 0 mm
Use: 37.5 mm

3. Estimate the amount of mixing water and air required (from below): Use: 181 kg/m^3
Mixing Water Quantity in kg/m3 (lb/yd3) for the listed Nominal Maximum Aggregate Size

9.5 mm 12.5 mm 19 mm 25 mm 37.5 mm 50 mm 75 mm 100 mm


Slump
(0.75
(0.375 in.) (0.5 in.) in.) (1 in.) (1.5 in.) (2 in.) (3 in.) (4 in.)
Non-Air-Entrained PCC
25 - 50 207 199 190 179 166 154 130 113
(1 - 2) -350 -335 -315 -300 -275 -260 -220 -190
75 - 100 228 216 205 193 181 169 145 124
(3 - 4) -385 -365 -340 -325 -300 -285 -245 -210
150 - 175 243 228 216 202 190 178 160
(6 - 7) -410 -385 -360 -340 -315 -300 -270 -
Typical entrapped air
(percent) 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0.3 0.2
Air-Entrained PCC
25 - 50 181 175 168 160 148 142 122 107
(1 - 2) -305 -295 -280 -270 -250 -240 -205 -180
75 - 100 202 193 184 175 165 157 133 119
(3 - 4) -340 -325 -305 -295 -275 -265 -225 -200
150 - 175 216 205 197 184 174 166 154
(6 - 7) -365 -345 -325 -310 -290 -280 -260 -
Recommended Air Content (percent)
Mild Exposure 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1
Moderate Exposure 6 5.5 5 4.5 4.5 4 3.5 3
Severe Exposure 7.5 7 6 6 5.5 5 4.5 4

4. Select the W/C or W/CM ratio (from below): Use: 0.45 for 27.6 Mpa
Water-cement ratio by weight

28-Day Compressive Strength


Non-Air-Entrained Air-Entrained
in MPa (psi)
41.4 (6000) 0.41 -
34.5 (5000) 0.48 0.4
27.6 (4000) 0.57 0.48
20.7 (3000) 0.68 0.59
13.8 (2000) 0.82 0.74

5. Calculate the cement content from the W/C ratio and water-content values: 402.22222 Kg
6. Estimate the proportion of coarse aggregate from table 4, and its mass using the dry-rodded density:

Nominal Maximum Aggregate Fine Aggregate Fineness Modulus Use: 0.72404


Size
2.4 2.6 2.8 3
9.5 mm (0.375 inches) 0.5 0.48 0.46 0.44
12.5 mm (0.5 inches) 0.59 0.57 0.55 0.53
19 mm (0.75 inches) 0.66 0.64 0.62 0.6
25 mm (1 inches) 0.71 0.69 0.67 0.65
37.5 mm (1.5 inches) 0.75 0.73 0.71 0.69
50 mm (2 inches) 0.78 0.76 0.74 0.72
75 mm 0.82 0.8 0.78 0.76
150 mm 0.87 0.85 0.83 0.81

7. Estimate the mass of fine aggregate using the estimated total mass shown in table 5.

Nominal Maximum size


First estimate of concrete weight (Kg/m3) Use: 2410 kg/m^3

of Coarse Aggregate (mm) Non-air entrained Air-entrained For 1 m3: 2410 kg

9.5 2280 2200


10 2285 2190
12.5 2315 2235
19 2345 2275
20 2355 2280
25 2380 2290
37.5 2410 2350
40 2420 2355
50 2445 2375
70 2465 2400
75 2490 2405
150 2530 2435

COARSE Aggregate: 1252.5892 kg Fine Aggregate:


Water: 181 kg 574.189 kg
Cement: 402.22 kg
Total: 1835.81 kg

8. Adjust moisture content:

a. Extra water required for fine aggregate:


Water Absorption in %: -2.54% -14.58439 kg
b. Surplus water on coarse:
Excess Water in %: 7.68% 96.198851 kg

CORRECTED MIX PROPORTIONS per 1 m3: The Design Mix


a. Cement: 402.22 kg
b. Water: 99.39 kg
c. Fine Aggregate (dry): 574.19 kg
d. Coarse Aggregate: 1363.82 kg

9. Prepare Trial Mixes. USE This for Trial Mix:


Height of the Cylinder, h = 0.3 m a. Cement: 2.132 kg
Diameter of the Cylinder, D: 0.15 m b. Water 0.527 kg
Volume of the Cylinder, V = 0.0053014376 m3 c. Sand: 3.044 kg
d. Gravel: 7.230 kg

Results:
Density: 2340 kg/m^3
THEREFORE:
CORRECTED TRIAL MIX: a. Cement: 385.799 kg/m^3
a. Cement: 2.13 kg b. Fine Agg: 564.732 kg/m^3
b. Fine Aggregate (SSD): 3.12 kg c. Coarse Agg: 1207.667 kg/m^3
c. Coarse Aggregate (SSD): 6.67 kg d. Mix Water: 181.803 kg/m^3
d. Mix Water: 1.00 kg Total: 2340.00 kg/m^3
TOTAL 12.93 kg Actual W/C Ratio: 0.4712382