PMB REVISION / ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. FORM III Chapter I (Brunei 1906 – 1941).

Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam (1906 – 1924). QUESTIONS 1. He was the _____ Sultan of Brunei. 2. He was the eldest son of _____. 3. He was born in the year _____. 4. When his father died in 1906, the responsibility of the Sultan was in the hands of the _____. This was because he was still young at that time. 5. It was only in the year _____ that Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam was crowned as the Sultan of Brunei. 6. He encouraged advances in _____, _____ and _____. 7. He also encouraged the teaching and learning of _____. 8. He built a mosque on a piece of land at the present Kampong _____. 9. In 1912, he introduced an Islamic law known as _____. 10. Then in 1913, he introduced the _____. 11. During his reign, in 1906, the _____ was introduced. 12. He died in _____ at the age of ___ because of _____. 13. He was succeeded by his eldest son, _____. ANSWERS

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Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin (1924 – 1950). QUESTIONS 1. He was the _____ Sultan of Brunei. 2. He was born on _____. 3. When he ascended the throne, he was only _____ years old. 4. Two Wazirs were appointed as _____ to rule Brunei. 5. The two Wazirs were _____ and _____. 6. He received formal education at the _____. He studied _____. He was taught _____ by a European teacher. 7. He assumed power on _____ at the age of 18. 8. The coronation took place on _____. 9. He married _____ on 6th May 1934, at the age of 21. 10. On _____, Pengiran Anak Puteri Noorehsani was born. 11. He wrote a book called _____ which contains useful advice. 12. In September 1949, He celebrated his _____. 13. He died because of a _____ in Singapore on 4th June 1950 at the age of 36. 14. He was succeeded by his brother, _____. The Residential System (1906 – 1959). QUESTIONS 1. The Residential System was introduced in _____. 2. The Residential System was a result of the _____ signed on 31st December 1905 and on 3rd January 1906. ANSWERS ANSWERS

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3. The job of a resident was to advise the _____ on all matters of administration except those touching on _____. 4. The first British Resident of Brunei was _____. 5. In 1906, the _____ was also introduced the same year. But this post was abolished from 1915 until 1930 due to _____ difficulties.

Land Rights. QUESTIONS 1. Kerajaan lands were the property of the _____. The Sultan had the right to collect taxes from the holders of _____ and _____ properties. 2. Tulin lands were those given to the members of the _____. These lands were _____. 3. Kuripan lands were those given by the the Sultan to important officials such as the _____ and the _____. These lands were not _____. 4. The Brunei traditional land rights system was abolished in _____ and replaced by the _____ in 1907. 5. The Resident introduced a system of _____ replacing the Land Enactment. ANSWERS

The Muara Concession. QUESTIONS 1. _____ obtained a concession to work the Muara coal mine from Sultan Abdul Momin in 1883. 2. Charles Brooke renamed Muara town as _____. ANSWERS

Legislation By Council: Law and Order. Questions 1. Brunei’s law was based on three systems, they were: a) _____. b) _____. c) _____. Answers

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The Discovery of Oil. QUESTIONS 1. The discovery of oil can be traced back to a story of two men; _____ and _____. 2. Seria was also known as _____. 3. BMPC stands for _____. It was formed on _____. ANSWERS

The Coal Industry. QUESTIONS 1. Coal mining was concertrated at Muara town (Brooketon). The other coal mine was at _____. 2. The price of coal decline because of the use of _____. 3. The Muara town coal mine was closed in _____. 4. In the year _____, all coal mining activities in Brunei stopped. ANSWERS

The Rubber Industry. QUESTIONS 1. Rubber seedlings were first introduced in Brunei in the year _____. 2. It was brought to Brunei by a Johore Malay named _____. 3. Rubber was first planted in the _____ area of the Temburong district. 4. The rubber estates were owned by European companies such as _____ which managed the Labu estate. The _____ which owned the Batu Apoi estate in Temburong. 5. Important rubber estates near Brunei town were the _____ and the _____. 6. Brunei first exported its rubber in _____. Mainly to Britain and U.S.A. ANSWERS

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7. The price of rubber fell due to the decline of the _____. The Cutch Industry. QUESTIONS 1. The people of Brunei called cutch as _____. 2. The first cutch factory was opened at _____. 3. When Japanese occupied Brunei, the cutch factory was _____. 4. In the early 1930’s, the cutch industry began to decline due to; a) _____. b) _____. c) _____. d) _____. e) _____. ANSWERS

Chapter II (The First World War & The Second World War) The First World War (1914 – 1918). QUESTIONS 1. Germany was unified by _____. 2. Britain was known as the _____. 3. Name the Triple Alliance & Triple Entente. 4. Name the Balkan states. 5. Name of the incident which sparked the war. Who was assassinated? 6. Name the Central Powers & The Allies. 7. Name of Germany battle plan. Why the plan failed? 8. Name of France battle plan. 9. Name of Britain battle plan. 10. Name the 2 battles (Western front) where the Germans lost. 11. What type of military vehicle was used for the first time? ANSWERS

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12. Name the 2 battles (Eastern front) where the Russians lost. 13. Name of the German underwater boats. 14. Name of the German airships. 15. What caused the Americans to join the war? 16. Name of the most important treaty signed between Germany and the Allies. When it was signed? 17. In 1920, the _____ was formed. However the league failed.

The Second World War (1939 – 1945). War In Europe. QUESTIONS 1. Name the Axis Powers & The Allies. 2. Name of the German leader. 3. Name the party formed in 1920. What were the aims of the party? 4. Name of the Nazi Party secret police. 5. In 1934, Hitler took the title of _____. 6. Hitler slogan was _____. 7. In what way did Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles? 8. Name of the Italian leader. What Italian party did he form? 9. Name of the alliance between Germany and Italy. 10. In 1938, Austria joined Germany. The union was known as _____. ANSWERS

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11. Name of the pact signed between Russia and Germany in August 1939. Name of the Russian leader. 12. What was the ultimatum given to Germany by the Allies when Germany invaded Poland? 13. What happened on 3rd September 1939? 14. Name of the German war strategy. 15. What was Operation Dynamo? 16. Name the British Prime Minister who called Operation Dynamo ‘a miracle of deliverance’. 17. When did Paris fell to Germany? 18. Name of the famous aerial battle which Britain won against the Germans. 19. What was invented that gave the British advance warning of German air attacks? 20. What was Operation Barbarossa? 21. What caused the Germans to retreat from Russia? 22. What was the purpose D-Day? 23. What was Operation Overlord? 24. The war in Europe came to an end in ____. What happened to Hilter? War In The Pacific. QUESTIONS 1. Why did the Japanese planned to invade Southeast Asia? 2. What was the Japanese slogan during the war campaign? ANSWERS

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3. Name the Japanese expansion plan which extending from Manchuria to Australia and from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean. 4. What happened on 7th December 1941? 5. Name of the 2 British battleships sunk by the Japanese. 6. Name of the 2 battles the Japanese lost to the Americans. 7. Name of the Japanese suicide mission pilots. 8. What caused the Japanese to surrender to the Allies? 9. Where did the formal signing of the surrender terms take place? Effects Of The Second World War. QUESTIONS 1. The League of Nations was replaced by _____. ANSWERS

Chapter 3 (Nationalism In Southeast Asia In The 20TH Century). QUESTIONS 1. What were the factors of nationalism in S.E.Asia? ANSWERS

Nationalism In Malaya. QUESTIONS 1. When the Malayan Union was formed? When it was abandoned? 2. Why did the Malay protest the Malayan Union? 3. What is UMNO? Who founded UMNO? 4. Why Dato Onn was forced to resign from UMNO? Who replaced him after he resigned? 5. What does IMP, MIC, MCA and MCP stands for? ANSWERS

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6. What were the aims of UMNO?

7. What was established on 1st February 1948 to replaced the Malayan Union? 8. What were the aims of the MCP? 9. Describe the ‘Briggs Plan’ in 1950. Who planned the ‘Briggs Plan’? 10. Name of the meeting between Tunku Abdul Rahman and the communist in December 1955. 11. Name of the draft constitution made in 1957 for Malaya independence. 12.When did Malaya gained full independence? Who named as the first Prime Minister of Malaysia?

Nationalism In The Philippines. QUESTIONS 1. How many years the Spanish ruled Philippines? 2. What led to the alliance between the Americans and the Filipinos? 3. Name of the treaty that made Philippines as a colony of America. 4. Describe the Tydings MacDuffie Act in 1934. 5. When did Philippines gained full independence? Who became the first president of the Republic of Philippines? ANSWERS

Nationalism In Indonesia. QUESTIONS 1. Name the factors that led to the nationalism in Indonesia. 2. Name of the ‘Mother of Indonesia’. 3. Name of the founder of Budi Utomo in 1908. ANSWERS

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4. Name of the first political party in Indonesia. Who was its leader?

5. Name of the party formed in 1920 by Semaun. 6. What happened to PKI in 1926? 7. Name of the party formed in 1927 by Dr. Sukarno. 8. What were the aims of the PNI? 9. What did the Dutch do to stop the nationalist leader’s activities in Indonesia? 10. Name 2 other parties formed in 1937 and 1939. 11. What was the Soetardjo petition and the Wiwoho petition? 12. What were the five principles for independence announced by Dr. Sukarno called? 13. When did Indonesia gained full independence? Who became its first president?

Nationalism In Thailand. QUESTIONS 1. Who led the bloodless revolution in 1932? 2. Why Colonel Pahon led a rebellion in June 1933? 3. How did Pibul Songgram saved Thailand from Japanese occupation? 4. What makes Thailand free from Western influences? ANSWERS

Chapter 4 (Japanese Occupation Of Brunei 1941 - 1945). QUESTIONS 1. What did the Japanese do before they came to Brunei? 2. Where did the Japanese make made their first landing in Brunei? When did this occur? ANSWERS

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3. What was Miri-Shyu? 4. What happened to Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin? 5. Name of the Japanese military police. 6. Name of the Japanese ideology to adopt Japanese culture and language. 7. Name of the Japanese flag. 8. Name of the Japanese national anthem. 9. Name of the Japanese currency used. 10. When did the Allies began their rescue operation of Brunei? 11. What were the effects of Japanese occupation? 12. Name of Brunei first State Secretary. Chapter 5 (Brunei 1945 – 1950). 1. What is BARIP? When it was formed? 2. What is PGGMB? 3. Name of the first president of BARIP. 4. Who composed the music and the lyrics of Brunei’s national anthem? 5. When did BARIP became inactive?

Chapter 6 (The Reign Of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III 1950 – 1967). QUESTIONS 1. When and where he was born? 2. To whom he was married on 6th September 1941? ANSWERS

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3. Name some of the syairs written by him? 4. When did he ascend to the throne? 5. What title did he earn for developing Brunei? 6. What was Sir Anthony Abell planning about Borneo in 1957? 7. Why did Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien did not agree about the Federation of North Borneo? 8. What were the 3 categories of Brunei’s Nationality Enactment of 1961? 9. Why did Brunei did not join the Federation of Malaysia in 1963? 10. When did Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien abdicated the throne? Who succeeded him? 11. When did Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien died? Chapter 7 (Developments In Brunei Up To 1986). QUESTIONS 1. Name of the treaty signed on 7th January 1979. 2. When did Brunei gained full independence? 3. Name of the other oilfields found in Brunei. 4. When did Brunei joined the Commonwealth, ASEAN, OIC, UN and ISESCO? ANSWERS

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