You are on page 1of 33


Technologies for Biomethanisation

of Biogenic Residuals
and Renewable Raw Materials

Version 01
Provider of Technology

Since 2006 SFC Umwelttechnik GmbH has had a project

related cooperation with one of the leading German
specialists for biomethanisation plants i.e.

EnviConsult GmbH / Biocomplett GmbH

(Norbert Schwarting, M.Sc.)

Version 01
„ What is biogas ?
„ How is biogas produced ?
„ Utilization of fermentation remainders
„ Biogas outputs
„ Feed-in remuneration
„ Services
„ from farmer to energy economist

Version 01
What is Biogas ?

Biogas from liquid manure Biogas is a gas mixture consisting of


ƒ 50 - 70 % methane - CH4
(an inflammable gas contained in
natural gas to the amount of 96 % )
• 30 – 50 % carbon dioxide - CO2
• < 2 % hydrogen sulfide - H2S
Methan aus Nawaro
Kohlendioxid Schwefelwasserstoff 53,0% • traces of hydrogen and other gases

M ethan Kohlendioxid Schwefelwasserstoff

Version 01
How is Biogas Produced ?
„ Micro-organisms degrade organic matter under anaerobic
„ In nature this process can be found in the stomachs of ruminants or
in swamps.
„ This natural principle is simulated in a biomethanisation plant.
During anaerobic fermentation biogas is produced from:

Liquid manure

Plant residuals in agriculture and renewable raw materials

Organic wastes like leftovers, stale food, kitchen wastes, wastes of

food production / processing and beverage industries

Version 01
Biogas – a Metabolic Product of Anaerobic Degradation of
Organic Matter

1-stage 2-stage
Process Polymeríc Substrates Process
(Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins)
Hydrolysis phase

Fragments und Dissolved Polymers

1. Stage
Acidification phase

H2 CO2 Org. Acids Acetic Acid Alcohols

Acetogenic Phase

Acetic Acid(Acetate),H2,CO2 2. Stage

Methanogenic Phase

Methane CH4 und Carbondioxide CO2

Version 01
EnviConsult GmbH

Application of Biomethanisation

Agricultural industry, Agriculture, and Animal Farming

Horticulture Plant breeding
Food and semi-luxury food industry Bakeries
Sugar factories
Chocolate production
Sweets production
Milk processing
Icecream production
Slaughterhouses and meat processing
Fish processing
Starch industry
Cooking oil production
Fruit and vegetable processing
Potato processing
Distilleries / Breweries
Hide glue and gelatin production
Yeast production

Version 01
EnviConsult GmbH

Application of Biomethanisation

Chemical Industry Pharmaceutical companies

Citric acid production
Fermentation industry
Other Industries Pulp production
Card board factories
Wool laundries
Disposal Facilities, Landscape and Sewage sludge
Aquatic Environment Conservation Green wastes
Rendering plants
Gastronomy Restaurants
Canteen kitchens
Trade Food wholesale and retail trade,
Weekly markets, Market halls,
Fruit- und vegetable hypermarkets

Version 01
Technology Portfolio

„ CSTR – Process (standard process)

(continuously fed and stirred mesophilic reactor)

„ SUP Schwarting – Uhde – Process (two-stage process for the

fermentation of especially energy rich raw substrates)

„ Production of biomethane (methane enrichment and feeding

into the natural gas distribution system)

Version 01
CSTR - Process

The CSTR – Process („Continuous Stirred Tank

Reactor“) is the standard process for the
continuous mesophilic (or thermophilic)
fermentation of organic substrates in a
continously fed and completely stirred reactor.
The advantage of CSTR is that it allows for high
solid contents both of substrate and liquor in the
reactor (depending on the type and processing of
the raw substrate).
Version 01
Example of a CSTR - Plant


- 10,000 t / a liquid manure

- 26,000 t / a solid organic residuals

for the production of at least 1.0 MWel electric


Version 01
Biogas Power Plant ca. 1.0 MWelectr Scheme Pre-treatment

Liquid manure
10,000 t/a
Corn silage
8,000 t/a Solids
Dosing Station

10,000 t/a
Stale Food
6,000 t/a
Mixing Mixed Substrate
Extracted 64,000 t/a
2,000 t/a

Recirculate Recirculate
28,000 m3/a 28,000 m3/a

Version 01
Biogas Power Plant ca. 1.0 MWelectr Scheme Biogas Plant

3.830,000 m3/a

Mixed Substrate Biogas Plant
64,000 t/a Methanisation 59,800 t/a

Recirculate Recirculate
28,000 m3/a 28,000 m3/a

Version 01
Biogas Power Plant 1.0 MWelectr
Scheme: Gas- und Substrate Processing

Gas Storage
3.830,000 m3/a
Degassing Vessel Solids
11,800 t/a

Biogas Plant
59,800 t/a Separation

Heat- Energy BPP
10,600 MWh/a

Cogeneration Electric Energy

Plant 8.000 MWh/a

Recirculate Remainder Filtrate

28,000 m3/a 20,000 m3/a

Version 01
Utilization of Fermentation Remainders

Output Biogas
Plant Direct Agricultural
ca. 5%DS

Solid / Liquid Solids Agricultural

Separation Utilization


Filtrate Utilization
Liquid Fertilizer


Version 01
Biogas Output from Selected Substrates

m3/ kg VSS
„ Liquid manure from cattle
„ Liquid manure from pigs
„ Chicken manure
„ Corn silage
„ Grain cereals
„ Full plant silage - Rye
„ Grass silage
„ Beet leaves
„ Spent grains
„ Apple / wine rape
„ Leftovers
„ Extracted grease
„ Market wastes

0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7

Version 01
Comparison of Electric Power Output per Ton
FM = Fresh Material
Power Output kWh / t FM
Biowastes 40 % 350
Leftovers 18 % 150 - 400
Stale food 25 % 150 - 400
Extracted grease 70 % 1.000 - 1.400
Market wastes 18 % 120 - 300
Corn silage 34 % 300 - 500
Grass silage 35 % 300 - 600
GPS- rye 34 % 320 - 500
Liquid manure from 10 % 50 - 75
Version 01
Schwarting – Uhde – Process

„ two-stage process (mesophilic / thermophilic)

„ for substrates of high energy density and solids
„ increased biogas yield at shorter reactor
residence time (typically 10 days)

Version 01
Flow Scheme Two-Stage Fermentation


Primary clarifier

Digester I Digester II
mesophilic thermophilic
Final clarifier

Version 01
Conventional Process – SUP Schwarting Uhde Process



SUP Schwarting-Uhde

Residence time VSS Degradation Rate Biogas Production

Version 01
SUP Special Digester Internals

Version 01

™ Processfor the purification of raw biogas and

methane enrichment in natural gas quality

Version 01
Biogas Processing in Natural Gas Quality – „Biomethane“

raw biogas CMG - CGH2 –

Compressed Compressed
BHKW Methane Gas Gaseous Hydrogen
biological with reformer
pressure tank or
gas desulfurization bottles for fuel cell


z.B. DWA Process natural gas distribution system
biomethane > 95 % CH4

Version 01
Utilization of Biomethane

¾ in the gas distribution system

by an external consumer
¾ in pressure tanks or gas bottles
fuel for gas motors – vehicle and stationary
¾ via steam reformer
for the production of compressed gaseous
hydrogen used in fuel cells

Transport of biogas in China

What about gas in bottles ?

Version 01
Reference List (Excerpt)

Version 01
Plant for the Anaerobic Treatment of Wastewater
from a Vegetable Processing Plant
SUP Schwarting – Uhde Process

Version 01
Liquid Manure Treatment Plant Göritz (Germany)
SUP Schwarting – Uhde Process

Version 01
SUP - Plant Leonberg

Version 01
Biomethanisation Plant Friedrich (Germany)

Version 01
Biomethanisation Plant Finsterwalde

Version 01
Biomethanisation Plant Alteno (Germany)

Version 01
Biomethanisation Plant Karstädt (Germany)

Version 01
SFC Umwelttechnik GmbH

Ecological Utilization
Biomethanation Plants of Energy Resources

Start-up EU –
Optimization Emission Trade

Financing Biogas Processing


Version 01